विक्षनरी:हिन्दी-अंग्रेजी शब्दकोश : अ से औ

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हिन्दी-अंग्रेजी शब्दकोश के मुखपृष्ठ पर चलें

  • अ a — the first letter and the first vowel of the Devanagari alphabet; a prefix signifying negation or absence (of something) as असुंदर, अस्पष्ट; see अन्.
  • अंक aṅk — (nm) a number, numeral, figure, digit; marks; a mark; an act (of a drama or play); lap, embrace.
अंकक -- an accountant; a marker.
अंकगणित -- (the science of) Arithmetic.
अंक भरना, अंक लगाना -- to embrace.
  • अंक/न aṅkān — (nm) stamping; plotting; marking.
अंकनीय -- worth being marked/stamped.
  • अंकपत्र aṅkpattr — (nm) a mark-sheet.
  • अँकाई āka:i: — (nf) an evaluation, assessment or appraisal; remuneration paid for it; marking, valuation.
  • अंकांतर aṅka:ntar — (nm) act-interval.
  • अंकित aṅkit — (a) marked; inscribed, written; endorsed.
अंकित करना -- to record; to mark.
  • अंकु/र aṅkur — (nm) a sprout; an offshoot; a seed-bud.
अंकुरित -- sprouted, begun to shoot forth; grown.
अंकुरित-यौवना -- a female who has started showing signs of emergent youthfulness.
  • अँकुरना, अँकुराना ākurnā:, ākura:nā: — (v) to sprout.
  • अंकुश aṅkush — (nm) a hook, elephant-driver's iron hook; hamulus; control.
अंकुश रखना -- to exercise control.
अंकुश रहना/होना -- to have control over.
  • अँखु/आ, अँखुवा ākhua: — अँखु{va:} (nm) an eyelet; a paper-fastener.
  • अंग aṅg — (nm) a limb; member; body; part; component; organ.
अंगच्छेद -- amputation.
अंगत्राण -- an armour.
अंग-प्रत्यंग -- each and every part of the body.
अंग-भंग -- mutilation of any part of the body.
अंग-भंगिमा/भंगी -- (fascinating or inviting) physical gesture or posture, graceful manner or carriage.
अंगभूत -- component, constituent.
अंगरक्षक -- a bodyguard; protector of a person.
अंगरक्षा -- protection of a person.
अंग-राग -- aromatic unguents and cosmetics.
अंग-विक्षेप -- twisting of the parts of the body for emotive expression.
अंग-संस्कार -- make-up.
अंग-सौष्ठव -- physical charm.
अंगहीन -- maimed; limbless; disabled.
अंगांगि संबंध -- organic relationship.
अंग-अंग खिल जाना/मुस्कराना -- to be beaming and buoyant.
अंग-अंग ढीले हो जाना -- to be worn and wearied, to lose muscularity.
अंग-फूले न समाना -- to be in a rapture.
अंग में अंग न समाना -- to be in a fit of ecstasy.
अंग लगना -- (for nourishment etc.) to be manifest in the form of physical fitness or health.
अंग लगाना -- to embrace.
  • अंगड़-खंगड़ also अंगड़-भंगड़ angar khaṅgaṛ — (nm) disorderly stuff; scraps; junk.
  • अँगड़ाई āgṛa:i: — (nf) twistins up.
  • अँगड़ाना āgṛa:nā: — (v) to twist or stretch the limbs or body for relaxation.
  • अंगद aṅgad — (nm) one of the generals in the army of Lord Ra:m and the son of monkey-king बालि, अंगद का पाँव irrevocably firm, unflinching.
  • अँगरखा āgarkha: — (nm) a long loose upper garment for men.
  • अँगरेज āgrez — (nm) an Englishman.
अँगरेज़ियत -- Englishism, Anglicism.
  • अँगरेजी āgrezi: — (a) Anglican, English; (nf) the English language.
  • अंगलेट aṅgleṭ — (nm) build, physical frame.
  • अंगांगि-भाव aṅga:ṅgi bha:v — (nm) mutual relationship of the part and the whole organic relationship.
  • अंगार, अंगारा aṅga:r, aṅga:ra: — (nm) an ember, live coal, burning charcoal.
अंगार उगलना -- to be fierce and fiery in speech.
अंगार बनना/होना -- to be red with rage, to be in a fury.
अंगार बरसना -- to be excessively hot (said of the weather).
अंगारों पर पैर रखना -- to jump into hot water, to invite trouble.
अंगारों पर लोटना -- to be in flames from within, to burn within (on account of jealousy or rage).
  • अंगिया āgiya: — (nf) bodice.
  • अंगी aṅgi: — (a) primary, main, dominant.
अंगी रस -- dominant emotion.
  • अंगीकार aṅgi:ka:r — (nm) adoption; acceptance; undertaking.
अंगीकार करना -- to adopt, accept or undertake; hence अंगीकरण, अंगीकृत, अंगीकृति.
  • अँगीठी āgi:ṭḥi: — (nf) a grate, portable oven, fire-pot.
  • अंगुल aṅgul — (nm) (measurement equal to) a finger's breadth.
  • अँगुली āguli: — (nf) see उँगली.
  • अंगुश्त aṅgusht — (nm) a finger.
  • अंगुश्ताना aṅgushta:nā: — (nm) a metal cover for finger.
  • अँगूठा āgu:ṭḥa: — (nm) thumb.
अँगूठा चूमना -- to flatter, to act the toady (to a person).
अँगूठा दिखाना -- to defy and deride; to evade in defiance.
  • अंगूठी āgu:ṭḥi: — (nf) a finger-ring.
  • अंगूर aṅgu:r — (nm) grape.
अंगूरी -- vinous.
अंगूर का बाग -- vineyard अंगूर की खेती viniculture.
अंगूर की फ़सल -- vintage.
अंगूर की बेल -- vine.
अंगूर खट्टे होना -- to decry something that has proved inaccessible.
  • अँगौछना āgauchhnā: — (v) to wipe (the body) dry with a towel or any other piece of cloth.
  • अँगौछा āgauchha: — (nm) a towel, any piece of cloth for wiping (the body) dry.
  • अँग्रेजी āgrezi: — (nf) see अँगरेजी.
  • अंचल aṇchal — (nm) the outward fringe or portion of a sa:ri:, etc.; a region; frontier territory.
  • अंजन aṇjan — (nm) collyrium an eyesalve.
अंजनहारी -- a sty.
  • अंजर-पंजर aṇjar-paṇjar — (nm) physical frame, skeleton; joints of the body.
अंजर-पंजर ढीले होना -- to have the body reduced to a state of life lessness; slackening of the joints and parts of the body (on account of excessive physical strain or sudden heavy jerk or impact).
  • अंजलि aṅjali — (nf) the cup-shaped hollow formed by the joining of the two palms together.
अंजलिगत -- within one's grasp, acquired.
अंजलि पुट -- the cup of one's palms.
अंजलिबद्ध -- with the palms joined together.
  • अंजाम aṇja:m — (nm) the conclusion, end; result; completion.
अंजाम देना -- to.
  • अंजीर aṇji:r — (nm) a fig-tree; its fruit.
  • अंजुमन aṇjuman — (nf) an association; a society.
  • अंझा aṇjha: — (nm) intermission of work; a holiday.
  • अँटना āṭnā: — (v) to be contained in; to suffice (for containment).
  • अंट-शंट aṉṭ-shaṉṭ — (a) absurd; incoherent, irrelevant, inconsistent; meaningless.
  • अंटा aṉṭa: — (nm) a ball; pill (as of opium or bhang); small shell or kauri:; spool of thread; (somebody's) clutches; turn.
अंटागुड़गुड़, अंटाचित्त -- dead-drunk, excessively intoxicated.
अंटे पर चढ़ना -- to fall into the clutches (of.).
  • अंटी aṉṭi: — (nf) fold of the loin cloth on the waist; space between any two fingers of a hand; a spool; knot.
अंटीबाज -- a swindler, cheat.
अंटी पर चढ़ना -- to fall into hostile clutches.
अंटी मारना -- to swindle.
  • अंड aṉḍ — (nm) an egg.
अंडकोष -- testicles.
अंडज -- born out of an egg.
अंडवृद्धि -- hydrocele.
  • अंड-बंड aṉḍ-bāṉḍ — (a) see अंट-शंट.
  • अंडा aṉḍa: — (nm) an egg.
अंडे-बच्चे -- the offspring.
अंडे की खातिर मुर्गी हलाल करना -- to kill the hen that lays the golden eggs.
अंडे सेना -- to hatch, to incubate; to sit idle.
  • अंडाकार अंडाकृति aṉḍa:ka:r — ({aṉḍa: kriti}) (a) oval (shaped), egg-shaped.
  • अंडाणु aṉḍā:ṉu — (nm) the ovum.
  • अंडाशय aṇḍa:shay — (nm) the ovary.
  • अंडी aṉḍi: — (nf)/castor.
/अंडी का तेल -- castor oil.
  • अँडुआ ārua: — (a) uncastrated.
अँडुआ बैल -- an uncastrated bull.
  • अंतःकथा antahkatha: — (nf) an episode or event alluded to in a text.
  • अंतःकरण antahkarāṉ — (nm) the conscience, inner self.
  • अंतःकलह antahkalah — (nm) internecine quarrel or warfare.
  • अंतःकालीन antahka:li:n — (a) provisional.
  • अंतःपटल antahpaṭal — (nm) plerome.
  • अंतःपुर antahpur — (nm) the women's apartment in a royal household, harem; a thalamus.
  • अंतःप्रज्ञा antahpraggya: — (nf) intuition.
अंतःप्रज्ञाबाद -- intuitionism.
अंतःप्रज्ञाश्रित -- intuitional; intuitionistic, intuition-based.
  • अंतःप्रवेश antahpravesh — (nm) ingression.
  • अंतःप्रेरणा antahprerṉā: — (nf) intuition; inspiration, inner urge.
  • अंतःशक्ति antahshakti — (nf) potency; inherent strength.
  • अंतःस्थ antasth — (a) intermediate, situated in between; (nm) the semi-vowels य्, र्, ल्, and व्.
  • अंतःस्था antastha: — (nf) the medulla.
  • अंतःस्राव antahssra:v — (nm) internal secretion.
  • अंत ant — (nm) the end, termination; result, conclusion; mystery, secret.
अंतहीन -- unending, endless.
अंत पाना -- to discover the secret of.
अंत बनना -- to have a good end.
अंत बिगड़ना -- to have a tragic finale.
अंत भला सो भला -- all is well that ends well.
अंत लेना -- to extort the secret.
  • अँतड़ी ātṛi: — (nf) intestines.
अँतड़ी की बात जानना -- to delve into the innermost secrets.
अँतड़ी में बल पड़ना (हँसते-हँसते) -- to laugh into convulsions.
  • अंततः antatah — (adv) lastly, finally, at last; eventually.
  • अंततोगत्वा antatogattva: — (adv) at long last, lastly; eventually.
  • अंतरंग antaraṅg — (a) internal.
  • अंतर antar — (nm) difference; distance; interval; spacing; interior; heart; margin.
अंतर खोलना -- to open one's cards; to divulge one's secrets; to give vent to one's inner feelings.
  • अंतरक antarak — (nm) a spacer.
  • अंतरण antarāṉ — (nm) spacing; shifting; devolution; handing over.
  • अंतरतम antartam — (nm) the core of the heart, heart of hearts.
  • अँतरा ātra: — (a) alternative.
  • अंतरा antara: — (nm) any verse of a song etc. excepting the first.
  • अंतरात्मा antara:tmā: — (nf) the soul, inner self, spirit.
  • अंतराय antara:y — (nm) an impediment, obstacle.
अंतरायक -- an interruptor.
  • अंतराल antara:l — (nm) an interval, intervening time or space, gap; inner space.
अंतराल राज्य -- a buffer state.
  • अंतरिक्ष antariksh — (nm) space, sky.
अंतरिक्षगामी, अंतरिक्षचारी -- moving in the skies.
अंतरिक्ष यात्री -- an astronaut, a space traveller.
अंतरिक्ष विज्ञान -- meteorology.
  • अंतरिम antarim — (a) interim.
  • अंतरीप antari:p — (nm) a cape, headland, promontory.
  • अंतरीय antari:y — (nm) the lower garment.
  • अंतर् antar — an allomorph of Sanskrit अंतः meaning internal, interior, inherent (as in अंतर्कथा, अंतर्गत); inter अंतर्, between two ormore (as in अंतर्राष्ट्रीय, अंतप्रांतीय).
  • अंतर्कथा antarkatha: — (nf) see अंतः कथा.
  • अंतर्काल antarka:l — (nm) inter-regnum.
  • अंतर्गत antargat — (ind.) under, within; (a) included.
  • अंतर्गह antargrah — (nm) a planet; interior.
  • अंतर्गहण antargrahāṉ — (nm) ingestion.
  • अंतर्जात antarja:t — (a) innate, inherent.
  • अंतर्जातीय antarja:ti:y — (a) inter-caste.
  • अंतर्ज्ञान antargya:n — (nm) intuition; spiritual enlightenment, self-realisation.
अंतर्ज्ञानवाद -- intuitionalism.
  • अंतर्ज्योति antarjyoti — (nf) the inner light, inner flame.
  • अंतर्ज्वाला antarjwa:la: — (nm) worry, languish.
  • अंतर्दशा antardasha: — (nf) in Astrology, an intermediate period.
  • अंतर्दर्शन antardarshan — (nm) introspection.
  • अंतर्दर्शी antardarshi: — (a) introspective; (nm) one who can see within oneself.
  • अंतर्दृश्य antardrishshy — (a) intervisible.
अंतर्दृश्यता -- intervisibility.
  • अंतर्दृष्टि antardrishṭi — (nf) insight.
  • अंतर्देशीय antardeshi:y — (a) interstate; inland.
  • अंतर्द्वन्द्व antardvandv — (nm) inner/mental conflict.
  • अंतर्धान antardha:n — (nm) disappearance, reduction to invisibility.
  • अंतर्धारा antardha:ra: — (nf) undercurrent.
  • अंत/र्ध्वंस antardhvans — (nm) sabotage.
अंतर्ध्वंसक, अंतर्ध्वंसी -- saboteur.
  • अंतर्नली antarnali: — (nf) a spool.
  • अंतर्नियम antarnīyam — (nm) articles (of association, etc. of a company).
  • अंतर्निविष्ट antarnivishṭ — (a) included; permeating within.
  • अंतर्निहित antarnihit — (a) implied; understood; included.
  • अंतर्प्रयाण antarprayāṉ — (nm) inward travel/march.
  • अंतर्प्रांतीय antarpra:nti:y — (a) inter-provincial.
  • अंतर्प्रादेशिक antarpra:deshik — (a) inter-regional, interstate.
  • अंतर्बोध antarbodh — (nm) see अंतर्ज्ञान.
  • अंतर्भाव antarbha:v — (nm) inclusion; permeation.
  • अंतर्भावना antarbha:vnā: — (nf) inner feeling; conscience.
  • अंतर्भूत antarbhu:t — (a) included, involved; permeated.
  • अंतर्भूमि antarbhu:mī — (nf) sub-soil.
  • अंतर्भेदन antarbhedān — (nm) intrusion; probe.
  • अंतर्भेदी antarbhedi: — (a) intrusive; probing.
  • अंतर्मना antarmanā: — (a) introvertive.
  • अंतर्मुख antarmukh — (a) introvertive.
अंतर्मुखता -- introversion.
  • अंतर्मुखी antarmukhi: — (a) introversive, introvertive.
  • अंतर्यामी antarya:mī: — (a) pervading the interior or inner self; (nm) the Supreme Spirit.
  • अंतर्राष्ट्रीय antarra:shṭri:y — (a) international.
अंतर्राष्ट्रीयकरण -- internationalisation.
  • अंतर्राष्ट्रीयता antarra:shṭri:yta: — (nf) internationalism.
अंतर्राष्ट्रीयतावाद -- internationalism.
अंतर्राष्ट्रीयतावादी -- (an) internationalist(ic).
  • अंतर्लयन antarlayān — (nm) absorption.
  • अंतर्लीन antarli:n — (a) self-engrossed, absorbed; latent.
  • अंतर्वती antarvati — (a) pregnant.
  • अंतर्वर्ती antarvarti: — (a) buffer; pervading/permeating, located within, overlapping.
  • अंतर्वस्तु antarvastu — (nm) the content.
  • अंतर्वस्त्र antarvastr — (nm) an underwear.
  • अंतर्वासी antarva:si: — (a) instaying; indoor.
अंतर्वासी रोगी -- indoor patient.
  • अंतर्विकार antarvika:r — (nm) mental aberration, mental perversion.
  • अंतर्विराम antarvira:m — (nm) intermission, intermittence.
  • अंत्तर्विरोध antarvirodh — (nm) self-contradiction, inner contradiction.
  • अंतर्विवाह antarviva:h — (nm) intermarriage.
  • अंतर्विवेक antarvivek — (nm) the conscience, intuition.
  • अंतर्विषय antarvishay — (nm) the content.
  • अंतर्वेग antarveg — (nm) perturbation, mental disquiet.
  • अंतर्वेदना antarvedhā: — (nf) mental anguish, agony.
  • अंतर्वेश antarvesh — (nm) insertion.
  • अंतर्व्याधि antarvya:dhi — (nf) psychological/inner ailment.
  • अंतर्हित antarhit — (a) latent, concealed; rendered invisible.
  • अंतस् antas — (nm) the conscience, mind, psycne.
  • अंतस्तल antastal — (nm) the heart of hearts; mind.
  • अंतस्ताप antasta:p — (nm) mental agony, inner distress.
  • अंतस्सलिला antassalila: — (nf) the river Saraswati: —a stream thatflows unperceived.
  • अंतस्सार antassa:r — (nm) the real content.
  • अंताक्षरी anta:kshari: — (nf) see अत्याक्षरी.
  • अंतिम antim — (a) last, final, ultimate, concluding/conclusive.
अंतिम चेतावनी -- ultimatum, ultimate warning.
अंतिम घड़ियाँ/साँसें गिनना -- lit. to count thelast moments —i.e., to be onthe verge of death, to be breathing one's last.
अंतिम साँस लेना -- tobreathe one's last.
  • अंतिमता antimta: — (nf) finality; conclusiveness.
  • अंतिमेत्थम antimettham — (nm) ultima tum.
  • अंतेवासी anteva:si: — (nm) a resident pupil, pupil who stays in hisguru's ashram.
  • अंत्य anty — (a) the last; final; lowermost.
अंत्यकर्म/क्रिया -- the last rites.
अंत्यज -- belonging to the lowest class/caste.
  • अंत्यलोप antylop — (nm) apocope.
  • अंत्याक्षरी antya:kshari: — (nf) a verse-reciting competition in which the following contestant recites acouplet beginning with the lastletter of the couplet recited by theforegoing contestant and whichmay be carried on between competing individuals or rival teams.
  • अंत्यानुप्रास antya:nuppra:s — (nm) rhyming of the terminal portions of the ultimate words in a couplet, stanza etc.
  • अंत्येष्टि antyeshṭi — (nf) last/funeral rites.
  • अंत्र antr — (nm) see अँतड़ी.
  • अंत्रप्रदाह antrprada:h — (nm) intestinal inflammation.
  • अंत्रवृद्धि antrvriddhi — (nf) hernia.
  • अंदर andar — (adv) in, inside, within.
अंदर कर देना -- to send behind the bars; hence अंदर हो जाना.
  • अँदरसा ādarsa: — (nm) a kind of sweet cake.
  • अंदरी andari: — (a) internal; intrinsic; inherent.
  • अंदरूनी andaru:ni: — (a) internal, internecine; inward.
  • अंदाज anda:z — (nm) an estimate, a guess; mode, style; gesture; characteristic manner.
अंदाजन -- roughly, approximately.
अंदाज लगाना -- to make an estimate; to surmise.
  • अदाजा anda:za: — (nm) an estimate, a guess.
  • अंदेशा andesha: — (nm) misgiving, misapprehension; suspicion.
  • अंध andh — an allomorph of अंधा used as the first or subsequent member in a compound word (as अंधविश्वासी, कामांध), see अंधा.
  • अंधकार andhka:r — (nm) darkness; gloom.
अंधकार युग -- age of darkness.
  • अंधकूप andhku:p — (nm) a blind well.
  • अंधड़ andhaṛ — (nm) a violent dust-storm.
  • अंधमति andhmati — (a) stupid, foolish, irrational.
  • अंधविश्वा/स andhvishshva:s — (nm) superstition, blind trust.
अंधविश्वासी -- superstitious; having blind faith.
  • अंधश्रद्धा andhshraddha: — (nf) blind faith.
  • अंधा andha: — (a and nm) blind; irrational, unenlightened; unthinking.
अंधा कुआँ -- see अंधकूप.
अंधाकुप्प -- pitch dark; black out.
अंधा शीशा -- a blind glass.
अंधा करना -- to strike blind, to turn incapable to view the realities.
अंधा क्या चाहे दो आँखें -- a blind person requires but his eyes.
अंधा बनना -- to allow oneself to be hoodwinked or cheated; to be blindfolded.
अंधा होना -- to be blinded, to be lost to realities.
अंधे की लकड़ी/लाठी -- a helpless man's only support.
अंधे के आगे रोये, अपने दीदा खोये -- throwing pearls before the swine.
अंधे के हाथ बटेर लगना -- a prize kill by a blind man.
अंधों में काना राजा -- a figure among ciphers.
  • अंधाधुंध andha:dhundh — (adv and a) indiscreetly; indiscriminately, recklessly, at random; wild, reckless, rash.
अंधाधुंध गोली चलाना -- to fire into the brown.
  • अंधानुकरण andha:nukarāṉ — (nm) blind/mechanical imitation or emulation.
  • अंधानुयायिता andha:nuya:ita: — (nf) bigotry, blind following.
  • अंधानुयायी andha:nuya:i: — (nm) a blind follower; (a) blindly following.
  • अंधापन andha:pan — (nm) blindness, recklessness; folly.
  • अँधियारा ādhiya:ra: — (nm) see अंधकार.
  • अँधियारी ādhiya:ri: — (a) see अंधकार; (nf) blinkers.
  • अंधी andhi: — (a) feminine form of अंधा (see).
अंधी खाई -- a deep dark gulf.
अंधी खोपड़ी -- a blockhead, stupid.
  • अंधेर andher — (nm) outrage; wrong; anarchy, complete lawlessness ormismanagement.
अंधेरखाता/गर्दी -- prettykettle of fish, anarchical state ofaffairs, complete lawlessness ormismanagement.
अंधेर नगरी -- a maladministered and lawless state ortown etc.
अंधेर चौपट राजा -- a confusedruler, a chaotic state.
  • अँधेरा ādhera: — (nm and a) darkness; dark.
अँधेरा गुप्प/घुप्प -- pitch dark; blackout.
अँधेरा पाख -- the dark half of themonth.
अँधेरा उजाला -- prosperity andadversity.
अँधेरा गहराये तो सवेरा हो -- thedarkest hour is that before thedawn.
अँधेरा छा जाना -- darkness to bethickened, to be enveloped indarkness; to be overwhelmed bygloom (due to some terribleemotional shock etc.).
अँधेरे घर का उजाला -- an only son; a veryhandsome child.
अँधेरे मुँह -- atthe first dawn of the day.
अँधेरे मेंछलाँग लगाना -- to leap into the dark.
अँधेरे में टटोलना -- to grope in the dark.
अँधेरे में तीर मारना -- to strike in thedark, to strike without taking anaim.
अँधेरे में रखना -- to keep in dark.
  • अँधेरी ādheri: — (nf) dust-storm; blinkers.
अँधेरी कोठरी -- a dark cell; the womb.
  • अँधौटी ādhauṭi: — (nf) blinkers.
  • अंबर ambar — (nm) the sky; cloth/clothes, garment; umber.
अंबर डंबर -- the crimson tinge acquired by the skyat sunset; the sky so tinged.
अंबरबेल -- see आकाश बेल.
  • अंबार amba:r — (nm) heap, pile, bulk.
अंबारखाना -- a junk-house, godown.
  • अँबिया ābiya: — (nf) a small unripe mango.
  • अंबु ambu — (nm) water.
अंबुज -- a lotus flower.
अंबुद/धर -- a cloud.
अंबुधि/अंबुनिधि -- the ocean.
  • अंश ansh — (nm) part; share; division; fragment; ingredient; contribution; numerator (of a fraction); degree; in Linguistics, an element.
अंशकालिक -- part-time.
अंशदाता -- a contributor.
अंशदान -- contribution.
अंशदायी -- contributory; contributor.
अंशभागी -- a share-holder.
अंशाशिभाव -- the relationshipof the part and the whole.
  • अंशतःः anshtah — (adv) partly; partially.
  • अंशांक ansha:hk — (nm) a degree.
  • अंशावतार ansha:vta:r — (nm) a partial incarnation.
  • अंशी anshi: — (nm) the whole—having a number of parts or members.
  • अंशु anshu — (nf) a ray, sunbeam.
अंशुमाली -- the sun.
  • अकंटक akaṉṭak — (a) smooth; unobstructed; unchallenged.
  • अकंप akamp — (a) unwavering, firm; hence अकंपित, अकंप्य.
  • अकठोर akaṭḥor — (a) not hard or rigid soft; weak, infirm.
  • अकड़ akaṛ — (nf) stiffness, rigidity; intractability; airs; affectation, show; strut, haughtiness, conceit.
अकड़फूँ -- airs, arrogance, arrogant behaviour.
अकड़बाज -- haughty, arrogant, hence अकड़बाजी (nf).
  • अकड़ना akaṛnā: — (v) to be stiff, rigid, intractable; to assume airs; tobe affected; to be haughty or conceited.
अकड़ कर चलना -- to walk withan affected air. to walk arrogantly.
  • अकड़ू akaṛu: — (a) stiff-necked, self-conceited, haughty.
अकड़ूखाँ -- one who is on one's high horse, thinking too muchof oneself and showing off, too.
  • अकथ, अकथनीय akath, akathnī:y — (a) ineffable, indescribable.
  • अकथित akathit — (a) unsaid, untold, unexpressed, unuttered.
  • अकथ्य akatthy — (a) see अकथनीय; not fit for utterance (for reasons ofobscenity etc.).
  • अकबक akbak — (nf) wish-wash; disconnected utterances, nonsense.
अकबक करना -- to indulge in wish-wash, to speak irrelevantly/nonsense.
अकबक भूलना/मारी जाना -- to be nonplussed, to be flabbergasted, to be at one'swit's end.
  • अकबकाना akbaka:nā: — (v) to be flabbergasted, to make disconnected utterances, to be nonplussed.
  • अकरकरा akarkara: — (nm) a medicinal plant.
  • अकरण akarān — (nm) omission.
  • अकरणीय akarṉi:y — (a) not worth doing, unfit to be done, improper; hence अकरणीयता (nf).
  • अकर्तव्य akartavvy — (nm) an improper act; (a) improper or unfit to be done, unworthy (act).
  • अकर्म akarm — (nm) inactivity, inertia.
  • अकर्मक akarmāk — (a) intransitive (verb).
  • अकर्मण्य akarmāṉṉy — (a) idle, indolent; inert.
  • अकर्मण्यता akarmaṉyata: — (nf) idleness, indolence, inertness.
  • अकलुष akalush — (a) flawless; unsullied, blemishless.
  • अकल्पनीय akalpanī:y — (a) unimaginable; unthinkable, inconceivable.
  • अकल्पित akalpit — (a) unimagined; unthought of.
  • अकल्याण akalyā:ṉ — (nm) misfortune, disaster, hence अकल्याणकर/अकल्याणकारी (a).
  • अकसर aksar — (adv) see अक्सर.
  • अकसीर aksi:r — (a) see अक्सीर.
  • अकस्मात् akasma:t — (adv) lit. from nowhere—unexpectedly; accidentally, all of a sudden.
  • अकांड तांडव akā:ṉḍ tā:ṉḍav — (nm) much ado about nothing, unwarranted fuss.
  • अकांड पात aka:ṉḍ pa:t — (nm) bathos.
  • अकाट्य akā:ṭṭy — (a) irrefutable; incontrovertible, indisputable; hence अकाट्यता (nf).
  • अकादेमी akā:demi: — (nf) an academy.
  • अकाम akā:m — (a) without a wish, unhaunted by desires; hence अकामता (nf).
  • अका/र/akā:r — (nm) the letter a (अ) and its sound.
अकारांत -- (a word) ending in a (अ).
  • अकारण aka:rāṉ — (adv and a) without any reason or cause, without anypretext, needlessly, causelessly, wanton, causeless, groundless; unprovoked.
  • अकारथ aka:rath — (a and adv) futile, useless, ineffectual; in vain.
  • अकारादि क्रम aka:ra:di kram — (nm) alphabetical order.
  • अकाल aka:l — (nm) famine; scarcity; (a) premature; untimely.
अकाल कुसुम -- litan out-of-season flower—an untimely thing.
अकाल जरा -- progeria.
अकालपक्व -- precocious.
अकाल पुरुष -- the Ageless One —the Supreme Being as worshipped by the Sikhs.
अकाल प्रसव -- prematuredelivery.
अकाल मृत्यु -- untimely demise.
अकाल वृध्द -- prematurely aged.
अकाल वृष्टि -- untimely rains.
  • अकालिक aka:lik — (a) untimely, inopportune; premature.
  • अकाली aka:li: — (nm) a sect of the Sikhs; a follower of this sect.
  • अकिंचन akiṇchan — (a) poor, pauper; destitute.
अकिंचनता/त्व -- poverty, pauperism; destitution.
  • अक़ीदा aqi:da: — (nm) faith, belief.
  • अकीति aki:rti: — (nf) disgrace, infamy:.
  • अकुंठित akuntḥit — (a) sharp, keen; unstunted, uncramped, unrestricted.
  • अकुलाना akulā:nā: — (v) to feel uneasy/restless; to be fidgety.
  • अकुलाहट akula:haṭ — (nf) restlessness uneasiness.
  • अकुलीन akuli:n — (a) low-born; mean; hence अकुलीनता (nf).
  • अकुशल akushal — (a) unskilled; novice, amateurish; hence अकुशलता (nf).
  • अकूत aku:t — (a) immeasurable, unfathomable.
  • अकृत akkrit — (a) null, nullified; undone.
  • अकृतज्ञ akkritagy — (a) ungrateful, thankless; hence अकृतज्ञता (nf).
  • अकृती akkriti: — (a) unskilled, inexperienced; (nm) a novice.
  • अकृतीकरण akkriti:karāṉ — (nm) nullification; invalidation.
  • अकृत्रिम akrittrim — (a) natural; genuine; unsophisticated, unaffected; hence अकृत्रिमता (nf).
  • अकेला akela: — (a) single; lonely, lonesome; solitary; (adv) by oneself, singly, alone.
अकेला दुकेला -- alone or withone or two more.
अकेला चना भाड़ नहींफोड़ सकता -- a lone soldier, cannotwin a war.
अकेला सौ के बराबर -- a host inoneself.
अकेला दम अकेली जान -- allalone, solitary.
  • अकेलापन akela:pan — (nm) a feeling of loneliness, lonesomeness; solitude, solitariness.
  • अकेले akele — (adv) alone, by oneself, without a companion.
अकेले-अकेले -- allby oneself, with none to support, all alone.
  • अकौशल akaushal — (nm) see अकुशल.
  • अक्कल दाढ़ akkal da:ṛḥ — (nf) dens serotinus, wisdom tooth.
  • अक्खड़ akkhaṛ — (a) headstrong; contumacious, rude and rough, haughty.
अक्खड़पन/अक्खड़पना -- contumacy, headstrongness; haughtiness.
  • अक्तूबर aktu:bar — (nm) (the month of) October.
  • अक़्द aqd — (nm) agreement; marriage.
अक़्दनामा -- a marriage agreement.
  • अक्रम akkram — (a) disorderly, chaotic.
  • अक़्ल aql — (nf) common sense; intellect; wits; wisdom.
अक़्ल आना -- to see reason; to learn a lesson.
अक़्ल का अंधा -- a dotard, devoid of grey matter.
अक़्ल का घास खाना/चरना/चरना -- to bebereft of wits, to be out of one'shead.
अक़्ल का दुश्मन -- a stupid fellow.
अक़्ल का पुतला -- intellect personified.
अक़्ल काम न करना, अक़्ल मारी जाना -- to be in afix or dilemma.
अक़्ल कुंद होना -- to be atone's wit's end.
अक़्ल के घोडे दौड़ना -- tocudgel one's brains; to exercise one'smind in all directions, to indulgein mental gymnasium.
अक़्ल के पीछेडंडा/लाठी लिए फिरना -- to indulge instupidity all the time, to demanda tribute to the dead.
अक़्ल चकराना, अक़्ल चक्कर में आना/पड़ना -- to be non-plussed.
अक़्ल चरने जाना, अक़्ल का चिराग़ गुल होना, अक़्ल जाती रहना -- to lose the facultyof reasoning, to lose power of discrimination; to lose wits.
अक़्ल ठिकानेलगाना -- to set (one) right, to put tosenses, to fix one in one's properplace, to cut to size.
अक़्ल ठिकाने होना -- to have learnt a lesson, to be fixedin one's proper place.
अक़्ल पर पत्थर/परदा पड़ना, अक़्ल गुम होना -- to be out ofone's head, to be bereft of sensesor intellect, to lose one's wits.
अक़्ल बड़ी (या) कि भैंस -- knowledge predominates over mere strength.
अक़्ल में (तुम)उसके पासंग भी नहीं -- there is more witin his little finger than in your wholebody.
अक़्ल सठियाना -- to suffer seniledecay, to suffer from mental paralyses.
अक़्ल से कोई वास्ता न होना -- to havenothing to do with common sense.
  • अक़्लमंद aqqlmānd — (a) prudent, sagacious; intelligent; wise; sensible.
  • अक़्लमंदी aqqlmandi: — (nf) prudence, sagacity; intelligence; wisdom; sensibility.
  • अक्लिष्ट akklishṭ — (a) not intricate अक्लिष्ट easy, easily intelligible.
  • अक्ष aksh — (nm) an axis.
  • अक्षत akshat — (a) unimpaired, intact; (nm) whole grain of rice.
अक्षतता -- virginity; the state of being unimpaired.
अक्षतयोनि -- a virgin.
अक्षतवीर्य -- havingunimpaired virility; a celebate.
  • अक्षम aksham — (a) incompetent, incapable; handicapped.
अक्षमता -- incompetence, incapability; handicap.
  • अक्षम्य akshammy — (a) unpardonable, inexcusable.
  • अक्ष/य akshay — (a) imperishable, undecaying; perennial.
अक्षयी -- imperishable, undecaying; perennial.
  • अक्षय्य akshayy — (a) imperishable, undecaying; perennial.
  • अक्षर akshar — (nm) any letter of the alphabet, character; syllable; (a) imperishable, undecaying; intact.
अक्षरगणित -- Algebra.
}अक्षरजीवी -- a professional author, a free-lance writer.
अक्षरमाला -- the alphabet.
अक्षर योजना -- (Printing) composition.
अक्षर योजक -- compositor.
अक्षर विन्यास -- spelling.
अक्षर से भेंट न होना -- to be absolutely illiterate.
  • अक्षरचारी aksharcha:ri: — (a) literalist (ic).
  • अक्षरविश्लेषण aksharvishleshān — (nm) syllabism.
  • अक्षरश aksharshah — (adv) literally; in toto; verbatim.
  • अक्षरी akshari: — (nf) spelling.
  • अक्षांक akshā:ṅk — (nm) indices.
  • अक्षांतर akshā:ntar — (nm) latitude.
  • अक्षाश akshā:nsh — (nm) latitude.
  • अक्षि akshi — (nf) an eye.
अक्षि गोलक -- the eye-ball.
अक्षि तारक -- the pupil.
अक्षि निमेष -- a moment, the time taken in thetwinkling of the eye.
अक्षि पटल -- theretina.
अक्षि विक्षेप -- a side-long glance.
  • अक्षुण्ण akshūṉṉ — (a) unimpaired, unbroken, intact; entire, complete; hence अक्षुण्णता (nf).
  • अक्षुब्ध akshubdh — (a) unperturbed; quiet.
  • अक्षोभ akshobh — (nm) absence of perturbation; calmness, quiet.
  • अक्षौहिणी akshauhiṉi: — (nf) in ancient military terminology, it signifieda division of army consisting of21, 870 elephants, 21, 870 chariots, 65, 610 horses and 109, 350foot-soldiers.
  • अक्स aks — (nm) a shadow, reflected image, reflection.
अक्स उतारना -- tophotograph; to reproduce an exactimage.
अक्स करना/लेना -- to trace.
  • अक्सर aksar — (adv) often, generally, usually.
  • अक्सीर aksi:r — (a) unfailing, sure.
अक्सीर दवा -- a sure/sovereign remedy.
  • अखंड akhaṉḍ — (a) the whole, complete; undivided; indivisible.
अखंड पाठ -- non-stop recitation.
अखंड सौभाग्य -- the happystate of a woman survived by herhusband; hence अखंड सौभाग्यवती (a).
  • अखंडता akhāṉḍata: — (nf) indivisibility; integrity; completeness.
  • अखंडनीय akhāṉḍanī:y — (a) indivisible, infrangible, unbreakable; irrefutable; irresolvable; hence अखंडनीयता (nf).
  • अखंडित akhāṉḍit — (a) unbroken, undivided; unimpaired; irrepudiated.
  • अखबार aḳhba:r — (nm) a newspaper.
अखबारनवीस -- a journalist.
अखबारनवीसी -- journalism.
अखबारी -- pertaining to newsor newspaper(s).
अखबारी काग़ज -- newsprint अखबारी भाषा journalese.
  • अखरना akharnā: — (v) to make one feel sore; to be disagreeable orunpleasant.
  • अखरोट akhroṭ — (nm) a walnut.
  • अखलाक़ akhla:q — (nm) manners, good.
  • अखाड़ा akha:ṛa: — (nm) an arena, wrestling arena; place for exercise; a congregation of sadhus or theirabode.
अखाड़ा गरम होना -- to have thebouts going; to have an assemblyin full swing.
अखाड़ा जमना -- an assemblyto be active and enlivened.
अखाड़े-बाज़ -- see अखाड़िया.
अखाड़े में आना/उतरना -- to step into the arena (fora bout), to pick up the gauntlet.
  • अखाड़िया akha:ṛiya: — (nm and a) a master fighter; skilled manoeuvrer; strategist.
  • अखाद्य akha:ddy — (a) inedible; uneatable.
  • अखिल akhil — (a) whole, all, entire, pan अखिल.
  • अखिलेश akhilesh — (nm) the Supreme Master, the Master of the universe.
  • अख़्ख़ाह aḳḥḳḥa:h — (int) oh ! (an exclamation of surprise or wonder in case of an unexpected appearance or meeting etc.).
  • अख़्तियार aḳḥtiya:r — (nm) power, right, authority.
  • अग ag — (a) immovable; unintelligible.
  • अग-जग ag-jag — (nm) the movable and immovable taken together; the whole universe.
  • अगड़म-बगड़म agṛām-bagṛām — (nm) junk, a disorderly heap of scraps.
  • अगणनीय agāṇani:y — (a) innumerable; countless; hence अगणनीयता (nf).
  • अगणित agāṉit — (a) unnumbered, unaccounted; numberless.
  • अगण्य agaṉṉy — (a) see अगणनीय.
  • अगति agati — (nf) stagnation; inertia; hence अगतिक (a).
  • अगम agām — (a) inaccessible, unattainable; incomprehensible; hence अगमता (nf).
  • अगम्य agāmmy — (a) see अगम; incohabitable.
अगम्यागमन -- incest.
अगम्यागामी -- (an) incestuous (person).
  • अगम्यता agammyāta: — (nf) inaccessibility; unintelligibility; incohabitability.
  • अगर agar — (ind) if, in case; (nm) aloe (wood).
अगरचे -- although, though.
अगरबत्ती -- an incense stick.
  • अगर-मगर agar-magar — (nf) if and but; wavering, hitch; dilly-dallying.
अगर-मगर करना -- to dilly-dally, to vacillate, to resort to ifs and buts.
  • अगरू agaru — (nm) aloe (wood).
  • अगर्हित agarhit — (a) uncensured, uncondemned.
  • अगल-बग़ल agal-bagal — (adv) on both sides; side by side; nearby.
  • अगला agla: — (a) next, following; coming, approaching; the other (person).
  • अगवाड़ा agwa:ṛa — (nm) the frontage, front portion.
  • अगवानी agwā:nī: — (nf) reception, welcome (esp. one extended to amarriage party or a distinguishedguest).
  • अगस्त agast — (nm) (the month of) August.
  • अगहन agahān — (nm) the ninth month of the Hindu calendar.
  • अगाऊ aga:u: — (a) forward; advance.
अगाऊ सौदे -- forward trading.
  • अगाड़ी aga:ṛi: — (nf) the front part; facing; the rope used for tying ahorse's neck; (adv) in front of; infuture.
अगाड़ी-पिछाड़ी -- see आगा-पीछा.
  • अगाध aga:dh — (a) unfathomable; profound, deep.
अगाध जल -- deep/unfathomable water; hence अगाधता (nf).
  • अगिनगोला agingola: — (nm) an incendiary bomb.
  • अगिनबोट aginboṭ — (nf) a steam-boat, steamer.
  • अगियारी agiya:ri: — (nf) throwing or burning incense etc. into the fire.
  • अगुआ agua: — (nm) a leader; pioneer.
  • अगुण agūṉ — (a) see निर्गुण, (nm) see अवगुण.
अगुणी -- having no quality/merit.
  • अगूढ़ agu:ṛḥ — (a) intelligible; apparent; simple.
  • अगोचर agochar — (a) imperceptible; hence अगोचरता (nf).
  • अग्नि agnī — (nf) fire; the god of fire; appetite; digestive faculty.
अग्निकण -- a spark.
अग्निकांड -- arson, conflagration.
अग्नित्र्कीड़ा -- firework.
अग्निदाह -- cremating, cremation.
अग्निपरीक्षा -- ordeal, severe trial.
से गुजरा हुआ -- tried in the furnace.
अग्नि-पूजा -- fire-worship.
अग्नि-पूजक -- fire-worshipper.
प्रतिष्ठा -- summoning and worshipping the god of fire (in order tocommence a religious function).
अग्नि प्रवेश -- entry into fire; immolation.
अग्निबाण -- a fire-emitting/incendiaryarrow.
अग्नि मंद होना -- to suffer fromdyspepsia, to lose appetite अग्निवर्धक digestive.
वर्षा -- shelling, bombing, firing.
अग्नि-संस्कार -- cremation.
अग्निसात् -- consumed by orconsigned to fire.
  • अग्न्यस्त्र agnyastr — (nm) firearms.
  • अग्र aggr — (a) first; foremost; chief; (nm) the fore-part of anything, the head.
अग्रगण्य -- leading, prominent.
अग्रगामी -- pioneering; pioneer, leader.
अग्रज/जन्मा -- an elder brother.
अग्रजा -- an elder sister.
अग्रतः -- firstly, primarily.
अग्रता -- priority, precedence.
अग्रदूत -- herald, fore-runner.
अग्र भाग -- front portion, frontpart.
अग्रयायी -- pioneering, leading.
अग्रलेख -- an editorial, a leading article, leader.
  • अग्रणी aggraṉi: — (a) leading; pre-eminent, outstanding.
  • अग्र/धर्षण aggrdharshāṉ — (nm) (act of) aggression.
अग्रधर्षी -- aggressive; anaggressor.
  • अग्रपाव aggrpa:d — (nm) fore-limb.
  • अग्रभूमि aggrbhu:mi — (nf) fore-land.
  • अग्रवर्ती aggrvarti: — (a) advance; located or situated ahead, forward.
  • अग्रसर aggrsar — (a).
अग्रसर करना -- to forward; to move ahead.
अग्रसर होना -- to proceed, to go ahead.
अग्रसारण -- forwarding.
  • अग्राम्य aggra:my — (a) civil, civic; urbane, refined.
  • अग्रह्य aggra:hy — (a) unacceptable, inadmissible; ineligible; invalid.
  • अग्रिम aggrīm — (a) first; foremost; chief; (adv) in advance; (nm) anadvance.
अग्रिम प्रति -- an advance copy.
  • अग्रीकृत agri:kkrit — (a) fronted (in Linguistics).
  • अघ agh — (nm) a sin, misdeed.
अघमर्षण -- purification, expiation/expiatory; purifying.
  • अघट aghaṭ — (a) untoward, unworthy; improbable.
  • अघटित aghaṭit — (a) unoccurred, not having happened.
  • अघाना agha:nā: — (v) to be satiated, surfeited or satisfied (with), tohave abundance (of something).
  • अघोरी aghori: — (a and nm) filthy, uncouth and unclean (man); detestable; one who indulges in indiscriminate eating; a member of the order of mendicants called'aghor panth'.
  • अघोष aghosh — (a) unvoiced (sound).
  • अचंचल achaṇchal — (a) unwavering; stable, steady.
  • अचंभा achambha: — (nm) wonder, surprise, astonishment; a boltfrom the blue.
अचंभित -- wonder-struck, surprised.
  • अचकचा/ना achkacha:nā: — (v) to be taken aback or astonished, to beconfounded/dumbfounded.
अचकचाहट -- .
  • अचकन achkān — (nf) a kind of tight-fitting long coat.
  • अचर achar — (a) immovable; constant, invariable; (nm) an invariant, invariable.
  • अचरज acharaj — (nm) surprise, astonishment, wonder.
  • अचल achal — (a) immovable/immobile; stationary, motionless, still; firm, sessile.
अचल संपत्ति -- immovable property.
  • अचलता achalata: — (nf) immovability; inertia; firmness.
  • अचला achala: — (nf) the earth; (a) see अचल.
  • अचाक्षुष acha:kshush — (a) non-visual; invisible.
  • अचानक acha:nāk — (adv) all of a sudden, suddenly, unexpectedly.
अचानक आ/जा लेना -- to take a person atadvantage/by surprise.
  • अचार acha:r — (nm) pickles.
अचार डालना -- lit. to prepare pickles, saidwhile aiming scoffs at unwarranted preservation or saving of athing.
  • अचारी acha:ri: — (nf) typical pickles prepared from mango parings.
  • अचिंतनीय achintāni:y — (a) unthinkable, incomprehensible.
  • अचिंतित achintit — (a) unplanned; unpremeditated; unexpected; unworried, unthought(of).
  • अचिंत्य achinty — (a) see अचिंतनीय.
  • अचित् achit — (a) devoid of consciousness.
  • अचिर achir — (a) prompt; without delay.
  • अचीन्हा achi:nhā: — (a) unknown; unidentified.
  • अचूक achu:k — (a) infallible, unfailing, unerring; sure.
अचूक दवा -- sure cure.
  • अचेत achet — (a) devoid of consciousness; unconscious; senseless.
  • अचेतन achetān — (a) unconscious; inanimate; hence अचेतनता (nf).
  • अचेतना achetṉa: — (nf) unconsciousness; inanimation.
  • अचैतन्य achaitanny — (a) unconscious; (nm) absence of consciousness; inanimation.
  • अच्छा achchha: — (a) good; fine; excellent; pleasant; righteous; sound; genuine; (adv) well; correctly, granted; (int) all right, well done; so long.
अच्छा ख़ासा -- fairly good; adequate.
अच्छा बुरा -- good and bad.
अच्छा करना -- to cure (of an ailment).
अच्छा तो यहमाजरा है -- that accounts for themilk in the cocoanut.
अच्छा लगना -- tohave a liking (for).
अच्छी कटना/गुजतना/बीतना -- to have good time.
अच्छे-अच्छे -- big guns, those who matter, significant people.
अच्छे-बुरे की तमीज़ होना -- to know a hawk froma handsaw.
अच्छे से पाला पड़ना -- toencounter a difficult/unmanageable person.
  • अच्छाई achchha:i: — (nf) goodness; virtue; merit.
अच्छाई बुराई -- merit anddemerit; virtue and vice; goodand bad.
  • अच्छापन achchha:pān — (nm) goodness, positive excellence.
  • अच्छिन्न achchhinn — (a) uninterrupted, unbroken; undivided.
  • अच्यु/त achchyut — (a) infallible; unerring; immutable; hence अच्युति (nf).
  • अछूत achhu:t — (a) untouchable; (nm) an untouchable.
अछूतोद्धार -- upliftof the untouchables.
  • अछूता achhu:ta: — (a) fresh; untouched: unpolluted.
  • अछेद्य achheddy — (a) impenetrable; indivisible.
  • अछोर achhor — (a) without a beginning or end, unending.
  • अज aj — (a) unborn, eternal.
  • अज़ az — (ind) from.
अज़खुद -- on one's own, by oneself.
अज़ग़ैबी -- divine.
अज़तर्फ़ -- from.
अज़-सरे-नौ -- de novo, anew.
अज़हद -- very much, too much.
  • अजग/र ajgar — (nm) a python, a huge snake.
अजगरी -- phythonic, pertainingto the python.
अजगरी वृत्ति -- leisurely attitude, a sense of inertia.
  • अज़दहा azdaha: — (nm) see अजगर.
  • अजनबी ajnabi: — (a) unknown, unfamiliar; alien; (nm) a stranger.
  • अजन्मा ajanmā: — (a) see अज.
  • अजब ajab — (a) strange. peculiar.
  • अज़मत azmat — (nf) greatness, dignity.
  • अजर ajar — (a) ever-young, undecaying.
  • अजवाइन ajwa:in — (nf) a kind of aromatic seed अजवाइन Carum copticum.
  • अजस्त्र ajasr — (a) uninterrupted; continuous.
अजस्त्र प्रवाह -- uninterrupted flow.
  • अजात aja:t — (a) unborn.
अजातशत्रु -- one who has no enemy.
  • अजान aja:n — (a) ignorant, innocent.
अजान में -- unknowingly, unwittingly.
  • अज़ान aza:n — (nf) prayer-call (by a muazzin) in a mosque.
  • अजायब/घर, अजायबखाना aja:yabghar, ~nā: — (nm) a museum, curio-collection centre.
  • अजित ajit — (a) unconquered, undefeated.
  • अज़ीज़ azi:z — (a) dear; (nm) a near relative, kith and kin.
  • अजीब aji:b — (a) strange, peculiar, arousing a sense of wonder.
अजीबोग़रीब -- unique, peculiar; amazing, baffling.
  • अजीर्ण aji:rṉ: — (nm) indigestion (caused by overeating).
  • अजूबा aju:ba: — (nm) a curio, wonder.
  • अजेय ajey — (a) invincible, unconquerable.
  • अज्ञ aggy — (a) ignorant; stupid.
अज्ञता -- ignorance; stupidity.
  • अज्ञात aggya:t — (a) unknown.
अज्ञातकुल -- of unknown lineage.
अज्ञातनाम/अज्ञातनामा -- of unknown name, anonymous.
अज्ञातपूर्व -- unknown (before).
अज्ञातवास -- secret dwelling, dwelling in an unknown place.
अज्ञातयौवना -- (a girl) unaware of the emergence of youth(within her).
  • अज्ञा/न aggyā:n — (nm) ignorance, paucity of knowledge; hence अज्ञानता(nf).
अज्ञानी -- ignorant, unwise; anignoramus.
  • अज्ञेय aggyey — (a) unknowable.
अज्ञेयता -- unknowability.
अज्ञेयवाद -- agnosticism.
अज्ञेयवादी -- agnostic.
  • अटक aṭak — (nf) obstacle, hitch; lag.
  • अटकना aṭaknā: — (v) to get stuck up, to be held up.
  • अटकल aṭkal — (nf) conjecture, guess.
अटकलबाज़ -- one who is given to making conjectures or guesses; hence अटकलबाज़ी (nf).
  • अटकलपच्चू aṭkalpachchu: — (a) random; fanciful, imaginary; uncertain; (nm) a random guess, mere conjecture.
  • अटकाव aṭka:v — (nm) hitch; hindrance, obstruction; catch-up.
  • अटन aṭan — (nm) roving, going round, roaming.
अटनशील -- (a) roving, roaming, given to wandering.
  • अटना aṭnā: — (v) to suffice; to be contained in.
  • अटपटा aṭpaṭa: — (a) odd; absurd, incongruous; hence अटपटापन (nm).
  • अटपटाना aṭpaṭa:nā — (v) to wobble; to become incongruous/unsteady.
  • अटल aṭal — (a) firm; irrevocable; resolute; unwavering, steadfast.
  • अटा aṭa: — (nm) a garret, an attic.
  • अटाटूट aṭa:ṭu:ṭ — (a) immense, immeasurable; crammed full.
  • अटारी aṭa:ri — (nf) a small garret, an attic.
  • अटूट aṭu:ṭ — (a) unbreakable; firm; incessant; immense.
अटूट संबंध -- unbreakable/firm relationship, unbreakable.
  • अटेरन aṭerān — (nf) a reel or skein of thread.
  • अट्ट-सट्ट aṭṭsaṭṭ — (a) see अंड-बंड.
  • अट्टहास aṭṭha:s — (nm) a horse-laugh, peal of loud laughter.
  • अट्टालिका aṭṭa:lika: — (nf) a high palatial mansion; an attic.
  • अट्ठाईस aṭṭḥai:s — (a) twenty-eight; (nm) the number twenty-eight.
  • अट्ठानवे aṭṭḥa:nve — (a) ninety-eight; (nm) the number ninety-eight.
  • अट्ठावन aṭṭḥa:vān — (a) fifty-eight; (nm) the number fifty-eight.
  • अट्ठासी aṭṭḥa:si: — (a) eighty-eight; (nm) the number eighty-eight.
  • अठ aṭḥ — (a) an allomorph of आठ used as the first member of a compoundword.
अठमा(वाँ)सा -- a ceremonyperformed in or about the eighthmonth of a woman's pregnancy; apremature child born in the eighthmonth of pregnancy.
अठवाड़ा (रा) -- a span of eight days.
  • अठखेली aṭḥkheli: — (nf) (usu. used in plural अठखेलियाँ) playfulness, frolic; merriment.
अठखेलियाँ करना -- to rompand rollick, to be playful.
  • अठन्नी aṭḥannī: — (nf) an eight-anna coin.
  • अठहत्तर aṭḥhattar — (a) seventy-eight; (nm) the number seventy-eight.
  • अठारह atha:rah — (a) eighteen; (nm) the number eighteen.
  • अड़ंगा aṛaṅga: — (nm) an obstacle, obstruction, impediment.
अड़ंगेबाज़ -- an obstructionist.
अड़ंगेबाज़ी -- obstructing tactics, obstructionis n.
अड़ंगा-डालना/लगाना to create an obstacle.
अड़ंगा मारना -- to place an impediment; to try to topple up.
  • अड़ aṛ — (nf) obstinacy, pertinacity.
अड़ पकड़ना -- to assume a pertinacious/stubborn attitude.
अड़दार -- unflinching, stubborn.
  • अड़चन aṛchān — (nf) hindrance; hitch; difficulty.
  • अड़तालीस aṛta:li:s — (a) forty-eight; (nm) the number forty-eight.
  • अड़तीस aṛti:s — (a) thirty-eight; (nm) the number thirty-eight.
  • अड़ना aṛnā: — (v) to stick (to a position) ; to insist; to halt; to be restive (as a horse).
  • अड़सठ aṛsaṭḥ — (a) sixty-eight; (nm) the number sixty-eight.
  • अड़हुल aṛhul — (nm) a typical reddish flower.
  • अड़ाअड़ी aṛa:aṛi: — (nf) vying; rivalry.
  • अड़ाना aṛa:nā: — (v) to put an obstruction; to press forward, to provoke into the forefront.
  • अडिग aḍig — (a) unflinching; firm, steady.
अडिग विश्वास -- unflinching/firm faith/belief.
  • अड़ियल aṛiyal — (a) inflexible; stubborn; mulish.
अड़ियल टटटू -- fig, stupidly obstinate.
  • अड़ू सा aṛu:sa: — (nm) a medicinal plant अड़ू Justicia ganderussa.
  • अड़ोड़ौस-पड़ोड़ौस aṛoaus-paṛo aus — (nm) neighbourhood, vicinity.
अड़ो(ड़ौ)सी-पड़ो(ड़ौ)स -- neighbours.
  • अड्डा aḍḍa: — (nm) a stand; base; meeting place, haunt; resort, perch; hot-bed; chopping block.
अड्डा जमाना -- to stay long.
अड्डा बनाना -- to turn into a frequent rendezvous/meeting place, to make ahaunting place of.
  • अढ़ैया aṛḥaiya: — (nf) a weight of two and half seers.
  • अणिमा aṉīmā: — (nf) atomism; infinitesimal; the first of the eight siddhis (see) which imparts thecapacity to assume infinitesimalform.
अणिमादिक -- the (eight) siddhis अणिमा, etc.
  • अणु aṉū — (nm) a molecule; an atom; minute particle; (a) molecular.
  • अतः atah — (ind) hence; therefore; thus; on this account.
अतःपरम् -- now onwards, hereafter.
  • अतएव at-ev — (ind) hence; so therefore.
  • अतप्त atapt — (a) unheated; cool.
  • अतरसों atarsō — (adv) the day prior to day-before-yesterday or next today-after-tomorrow.
  • अतर्कित atarkit — (a) unthought of; unplanned, sudden.
  • अतर्क्य atarky — (a) indisputable; incontrovertible, irrefutable.
  • अतल atal — (a) bottomless; fathomless.
अतलदर्शी -- having deep insight, whocan see through to the bottom.
अतलस्पर्शी -- fathoming the depths, profound.
  • अतलांतक atlā:ntak — (nm) the Atlantic (ocean).
  • अता ata: — (nm) a gift.
अता करना/फ़रमाना -- (to be so kind as) to give away, to bestow.
  • अति ati — a prefix expressive of extremity, beyond. over, surpassing, extra, intense, excessive etc.; (nf) excess.
अतिकथन -- aggrandizement.
अति करना -- to commit an excess; to cross the limit, to gotoo far.
  • अतिकाय atika:y — (a) huge, gigantic.
  • अतिकाल atika:l — (nm) delay.
  • अति/क्रम, अतिक्रमण atikkram ~kkramāṉ — (nm) infringement; contravention, violation; hence अतिक्रांत (a), अतिक्रामक — (a).
  • अति/चार aticha:r — (nm) transgression, trespass; profanation, outrage, violation.
अतिचारी -- atrespasser; transgressing (prescribed) limits; outrageous.
  • अतिथि atithi — (nm) a guest.
अतिथि कलाकार -- guest artist.
अतिथिगृह -- guest-house.
अतिथि धर्म -- duty towards a guest, rights of hospitality.
अतिथिपरायण -- hospitable.
अतिथिपरायणता -- hospitality.
अतिथि सत्कार/सेवा -- hospitality; honourable treatment to a guest.
  • अतिथिक atithic — (a) unhistoric.
  • अतिनैतिक atināītik — (a) supermoral.
  • अतिपरवलय atiparvalay — (nm) a hyperbola.
  • अतिपात atipa:t — (nm) breach, violation; lapse; obstacle.
  • अतिपायिता atip:yita: — (nf) alcoholism.
  • अतिपायी atipa:i: — (nm) an addict, a drunkard.
  • अतिपुरातन atipura:tan — (a).
अतिपुरातनपंथी -- ultra conservative.
  • अतिप्रकृत atiprakrit — (a) see अतिप्राकृत.
  • अति/प्राकृत, अतिप्राकृतिक atipra:kkrit, ~pra:kkritik — (a) supernatural.
  • अति/मानव atimā:nav — (nm) a superman.
अतिमानवीय -- superhuman.
  • अतिमूत्रता atimu:trata: — (nf) polyuria.
  • अतिमूल्यन atimu:lyān — (nm) over-valuation; over-assessment.
  • अति/रंजन atirāṇjāṉ — (nm) exaggeration.
अतिरंजित -- exaggerated.
  • अतिरंजना atiraṇjanā: — (nf) exaggeration; overstatement.
अतिरंजनापूर्ण -- exaggerated.
  • अतिराष्‍ट्रीय atira:shṭri:y — (a) chauvinistic, chauvinist.
  • अतिराष्ट्रीयता atira:shṭri:yata: — (nf) chauvinism.
  • अतिरिक्त atirikt — (a) additional; extra; spare; auxiliary (e.g. post); besides.
  • अतिरेक atirek — (nm) plenty, abundance; surplus; excess; redundancy.
  • अतिलंघन atilānghān — (nm) infringement; transgression.
  • अति/वाद ativa:d — (nm) extremism; excess; ostentation; exaggeration; boastfulness.
अतिवादी -- an extremist.
  • अतिवृष्टि ativrishṭi: — (nf) excessive rains, unusually heavy downpour.
  • अतिव्याप्त ativvya:pt: — (a) over-extended, over-extensive.
  • अतिव्याप्ति ativvya:pti: — (nf) over-extension (of a rule, etc.); over-permeation; overlapping.
  • अतिशय atishay — (a and adv) exceeding/exceedingly, excessive/excessively.
अतिशयता -- plenty, abundance, (state of being in) excess.
  • अतिशयोक्ति atishayokti: — (nm) exaggeration (a figure of speech).
अतिशयोक्तिपुरर्ग -- exaggerated.
  • अतिसामान्य atisa:mā:nny: — (a) super-normal; too common.
  • अतिसार atisa:r — (nm) dysentery.
  • अतिसावधान atisa:vdhā:n: — (a) meticulous, extra-cautious.
  • अतिसावधानता atisa:vdhā:nta: — (nf) meticulousness, extra-cautiousness.
  • अतिसूक्ष्मदतर्शी atisu:kshmadarshi: — (nm and a) ultramicrsocope; ultramicroscopic.
  • अतींद्रिय ati:ndriy: — (a) transcendental; trans-sensuous, super-sensuous.
अतींद्रियता -- trans-sensuous/transcendental state.
अतींद्रियवाद -- transcendentalism; hence अतींद्रियवादिता (nf) अतींद्रियवादी( a, nm).
  • अतीत ati:t: — (a and nm) (the) past; (adv) beyond.
अतीतसापेक्ष -- retrospective.
  • अतीव ati:v: — (a) very much, too much.
  • अतु/ल atul: — (a) unparalleled, unequalled; immense; also अतुलनीय (a), अतुलित (a).
अतुल्य -- (a) out andaway.
  • अतृप्त atript: — (a) unsatisfied, unfulfilled, frustrated.
  • अतृप्ति atripti: — (nf) non-fulfilment, non-gratification; frustration.
  • अत्तार atta:r: — (nm) a perfumer; druggist, pharmaceutical chemist.
  • अत्यंत attyānt: — (adv and a) very much, much; excessively, exceedingly.
  • अत्यधिक atyadhik — (a and adv) very much, too much, lots of, abundant.
  • अत्याचार attya:cha:r — (nm) atrocity, tyranny; excess; outrage.
  • अत्याचारी attya:cha:ri: — (a) atrocious, tyrannous; excessive; outrageous; (nm) a tyrant, despot.
अत्याचारी शासक -- atyrant.
  • अत्याज्य attya:jjy — (a) unabandonable, unforsakable; not fit to be renounced.
  • अत्याहारी attya:hā:ri: — (nm) a glutton; (a) gluttonous.
  • अत्युक्ति attyukti — (nf) a hyperbole.
अत्युक्तिपूरर्ग -- hyperbolic, embodying overstatement.
  • अत्र attr — (ind) here.
अत्रभवान -- Your Honour, Your Highness, Your Excellency, etc.
  • अथ ath — (nm) the beginning, commencement; an auspicious and inceptive particle, now, then.
अथच -- besides, moreover.
अथ से इति तक -- from beginning to end.
  • अथक athak — (a) untiring; unceasing.
अथक परिश्रम -- untiring efforts.
  • अथर्व atharv — .
अथर्ववेद -- (nm) the fourth and the last of the Vedas.
  • अथवा athva: — (ind) or; that is.
  • अथई atha:i: — (nf) a centrally-located platform (used as a meeting place).
  • अथाह atha:h — (a) unfathomable, bottomless; very deep.
  • अदंडनीय adaṇḍnī:y — (a) unpunishable, not fit to be punished; pardonable.
  • अदंडित adaṉḍit — (a) unpunished; unpenalised.
  • अदंड्य adaṉḍy — (a) see अदंडनीय.
  • अदक्ष adaksh — (a) inefficient; incapable.
  • अदत्त adatt — (a) not given, not gifted, not presented.
  • अदद adad — (nm) a piece; number; whole number.
  • अदना adnā: — (a) insignificant; low, inferior; trifling.
  • अदब adab — (nm) respect; respectfulness; politeness; literature.
अदब क़ायदा/लिहाज़ -- etiquette, good manners, urbanity; courtesy and consideration.
  • अदबदाकर adbada:kar — (ind) positively, without fail; deliberately.
  • अदबी adabi: — (a) literary, pertaining to literature.
  • अदम adām — (nm) absence.
अदम पैरवी -- ex parte.
अदम मौजूदगी -- in the absence of.
अदम सबूत -- absence of proof.
  • अदम्य adāmmy — (a) irrepressible; irresistible.
अदम्य उत्साह -- irresistible enthusiasm.
  • अदरक adrak — (nf) ginger.
  • अदर्शन adarshān — (nm).
अदर्शनीय -- (a) not fit to be seen; ugly.
  • अदल-बदल adal-badal — (nf) exchange, interchange; modification.
अदले का बदला -- eye for an eye.
  • अदला-बदली adala:badli: — (nf) exchange; interchange; mutual transfer.
  • अदवान advā:n — (nm) a thin rope used to keep a cot flat and firm.
  • अदह adah — (nm) asbestos.
  • अदहन adahān — (nm) water set to boil for the purpose of cooking food.
  • अदा ada: — (nf) coquetry, blandishment; graceful manner or carriage, mien; performance.
अदाकार -- an actor, performer.
अदाकारी -- performance.
अदा करना -- to pay; to discharge; to fulfil; to perform.
  • अदायगी ada:igi: — (nf) payment; fulfilment.
  • अदालत ada:lat — (nf) a court of law.
अदालत , दीवानी -- civil court.
अदालत , फ़ौजदारी -- criminal court.
अदालती -- judicial; litigious.
अदालती जाँच -- judicial enquiry.
अदालतबाज़ -- a litigant.
अदालतबाज़ी -- litigation; litigiousness.
  • अदावत ada:wat — (nf) animosity; enmity; estrangement; hostility; hence अदावती (a).
  • अदाह्य ada:hy — (a) non-combustible; fire-proof; hence अदाह्यता (nf).
  • अदीक्षित adi:kshit — (a) uninitiated.
  • अदूरद/र्शी adu:rdarshi: — (a) not far-sighted; unwise; hence अदूरदर्शिता (nf).
  • अदूषण adu:shāṉ — (nm) absence of blemish; (a) blemishless, pure.
  • अदूषित adu:shit — (a) spotless, pure, uncontaminated; untainted.
  • अदृढ़ addriṛḥ — (a) loose; non-rigid; infirm.
  • अदृश्य adrishy — (a) invisible, imperceptible; not worth seeing.
  • अदृश्यता adrishyata: — (nf) invisibility, imperceptibility.
  • अदृष्ट adrishṭ — (nm) fate, fortune; (a) unforeseen.
अदृष्टपूर्व -- unique, unprecedented.
अदृष्टवाद -- fatalism; determinism.
अदृष्टवादिता -- see अदृष्टवाद.
अदृष्टवादी -- a fatalist, determinist; fatalistic, deterministie.
  • अदेय adey — (a) inalienable; non-transferable, not to be handed over; not worth or fit for handing over; hence अदेयता (nf).
  • अदेशीय/करण adeshi:ykarāṉ — (nm) denaturalization; hence अदेशीयकृत (a).
  • अद्धा addha: — (nm) one half (of anything); a half-pint bottle; half-brick; counterfoil.
  • अद्धी addhi: — (nf) a kind of fine muslin-like cloth.
  • अद्भुत adbhut — (a) marvellous, fantastic; singular; supernatural.
  • अद्यतन addyatān — (a) up-to-date; modern.
  • अद्यावाधि addya:vadhi — (ind) up-to-date; till now.
  • अद्वितीय addviti:y — (a) sui generis, unique, unparalleled; hence अद्वितीयता(nf).
  • अद्वैत addvait — (nm) absence of duality/difference, negation of duality/difference; unity.
अद्वैतवाद -- monism.
अद्वैतवादी -- a monist, believer in monism; monistic.
  • अधःपतन adhahpatān — (nm) downfall, fall; degradation, degeneration.
  • अधकचरा adhkachra: — (a) immature; incomplete; half-baked, unassimilated; hence अधकचरापन (nm).
  • अधकहा adhkaha: — (a) half-expressed, semi-explicit.
  • अधखिला adhkhila: — (a) semi-bloomed, half-bloom.
  • अधखुला adhkhula: — (a) half-open, half-uncovered.
  • अधगदराया adhgadra:ya: — (a) half-ripe, at the threshold of bloom.
  • अधजल adhjal — (a) half-full of water.
अधजल गगरी छलकत जाय -- know little, show much; empty vessel makesmuch noise.
  • अधजला adhjala: — (a) half-burnt.
  • अधन्ना adhannā: — (nm) a half-anna coin (now out of currency).
  • अधपका adhpaka: — (a) half-ripe; half-baked, half-cooked.
  • अधपन्ना adhpannā: — (nm) a counter-foil.
  • अधम adhām — (a) mean, base, vile; hence अधमता (nf).
  • अधमरा adhmara: — (a) half-dead, near-dead.
  • अधमर्ण adhmārṉ — (nm) a debtor; borrower.
  • अधमुआ adhmua: — (a) half-dead, near-dead.
  • अधर adhar — (nm) underlip; lip; mid-air, empty space, space between earth and sky.
अधर पान -- sucking/kissing of the lips.
अधर में -- withoutsupport underneath; propless.
अधर में झूलना/लटकना -- to hang inmid-air, to be without a prop.
  • अधरोष्ठ adharoshṭḥ — (nm) the lower lip, underlip.
  • अध/र्म adharm — (nm) vice; wrong; sin, sinful act; unrighteousness, immorality.
अधर्मी -- sinful; vicious; an evildoer, a sinner.
  • अधाधुंध adha:dhundh — (a and adv) see अंधाधुंध.
  • अधार्मिक adha:rmik — (a) irreligious; unrighteous, profane; hence अधार्मिकता(nf).
  • अधिक adhik — (a) more; much; many; plenty; surplus; abundant.
अधिकतम -- maximum.
अधिकतम चरता -- absolute variability.
अधिकतर -- most; mostly.
अधिकता -- excess; plenty, abundance.
अधिक मास -- a leap month.
  • अधिकपद adhikpad — (a and nm); pleonastic; pleonasm.
अधिकपदत्व -- pleonasm.
अधिकपद दोष -- pleonasm.
  • अधिकरण adhikarāṉ — (nm) locative (case); an organ, agency; instrumental; organization (as न्यायाधिकरण).
  • अधिकांश adhikā:nsn — (a) more than half; most; (nm) a major portion.
अधिकांशतः , अधिकांश में -- mostly; generally.
  • अधिकाई adhika:i: — (nf) excess.
  • अधिकाधिक adhika:dhik — (a) more and more, progressively increasing; utmost.
  • अधिकार adhika:r — (nm) right; authority; command; possession; occupation; entitlement.
अधिकार-क्षेत्र -- jurisdiction.
  • अधिकार-पत्र adhika:rpatr — (nm) a letter of authority; charter.
  • अधिकारिता adhika:rita: — (nf) locus standi.
  • अघिकारी adhika:ri: — (nm) an officer; an authority; a title-holder; anowner; (a) vested with or possessing authority; authoritative; occupying, occupation.
  • अधि/कृत adhikkrit — (a) occupied (as अधि-क्षेत्र); authorised, vested withauthority (as अधि प्रतिनिधि).
अधिकृत-सुचना -- authoritative information/report.
अधिकृति -- possession, occupation.
अधिकृति सेना -- army of occupation.
  • अधिकेंद्र adhikēndr — (nm) epicentrum, epicentre.
  • अधित्यका adhittyaka: — (nf) upland, tableland.
  • अधित्याग adhittya:g — (nm) abdication.
  • अधिनहन adhinahān — (nm) annexation.
  • अधिनायक adhina:yak — (nm) a dictator; supreme leader.
अधिनायक-तंत्र -- dictatorship.
अधिनायकत्व -- dictatorship.
अधिनायकवाद -- dictatorship.
अधिनायकवादि -- dictatorial.
  • अधिनियम/म adhiniyām — (nm) an act (of legislation).
अधिनियममन -- enactment.
अधिनियममित -- enacted.
  • अधिनि/र्णयन adhinirṉāyān — (nm) adjudication.
अधिनिर्णीत -- adjudicated.
  • अधिप, अधिपति adhip अधिपati — (nm) a ruler, king, master; chief.
  • अधिपत्र adhipattr — (nm) a warrant.
  • अधिप्राप्ति adhipra:pti — (nf) procurement.
  • अधिभार adhibha:r — (nm) surcharge.
  • अधिभोक्ता adhibhokta: — (nm) an occupant.
  • अधिमान adhimā:n — (nm) preference.
  • अधिमान्य adhimā:nny — (a) preferable; preferential.
अधिमान्यता -- preference, preferential treatment.
  • अधिमास adhimā:s — (nm) a leap month.
  • अधियाना adhiyā:nā: — (v) to bifurcate, to divide into two halves.
  • अधिराज adhira:j — (nm) a sovereign, supreme ruler.
  • अधिराजत्व adhira:jattv — (nm) suzerainty.
  • अधिराज्य adhirajjy — (nm) a suzerain power; suzerainty.
  • अधिरोहन adhirohāṉ — (nm) ascendance, ascending, climbing up.
  • अधिरोही adhirohi: — (a) ascending.
अधिरोही क्रम -- an ascending order.
  • अधिवक्ता adhivakta: — (nm) an advocate.
  • अधिवास adhiva:s — (nm) domicile.
  • अधिवासी adhiva:si: — (nm) a settler, domicile; (a) domiciled, settled.
  • अधिवेशन adhiveshān — (nm) session; meeting.
  • अधिशोषण adhishoshāṉ — (nm) absorption.
अधिशोषण करना -- to absorb.
  • अधि/ष्ठाता adhishṭḥa:ta: — (nm) a chief; (a) superintending, presiding; hence अधिष्ठात्री (nf).
  • अधि/ष्ठान addhisṭḥā:n — (nm) an establishment; abode, dwelling; hence अधिष्ठित (a).
  • अधिसूचना adhisu:chnā: — (nf) a notification.
  • अधीक्षक adhi:kshak — (nm) a superintendent.
  • अधीत adhi:t — (a) well-read, erudite.
  • अधीन adhī:n — (a) dependent; subordinate, subject to the authority of; under.
अधीनस्थ -- subordinate, subservient; under.
  • अधीनता adhi:nta: — (nf) subordination; subjection; dependence, subjugation.
  • अधीर adhi:r — (a) restive, fidgety; impatient; petulant; nervous.
अधीरता -- impatience; petulance; nervousness.
  • अधुना adhunā: — (ind) now, at present.
  • अधुनातन adhunā:tān — (a) modern, up-to-date.
  • अधुरा adhu:ra: — (a) incomplete, unfinished.
अधुरापन -- incompleteness.
  • अधेड़ adheṛ — (a) middle-aged, verging on old age.
  • अधेला adhela: — (nm) a half-pice coin (now out of currency).
  • अधोगति adhogati — (nf) fall, downfall; degradation.
  • अधो/गमन adhogamān — (nm) downfall, degradation.
अधोगामी -- falling down, degrading, descending.
  • अधोमुख adhomukh — (a) face downwards.
  • अधोवर्ती adhovarti: — (a) inferior, situated or existing below or downwards.
  • अध्यक्ष addhyaksh — (a) president; chairman; speaker; head.
अध्यक्षता -- presidentship; chairmanship; speakership; headship.
  • अध्ययन addhyayān — (nm) study.
अध्ययन अध्यापन -- studying and teaching.
अध्ययन-कक्ष -- study, study-room.
अध्ययनशील -- studious, given to reading.
  • अध्यवसा/य addhyavasa:y — (nm) perseverance; enterprise, diligence; volition.
अध्यवसायी -- perseverant; enterprising, diligent, industrious.
  • अध्यात्म addhya:tm — (nm) spiritual contemplation.
अध्यात्म ज्ञान -- spiritualknowledge.
अध्यात्मपरक -- spiritual; hence अध्यात्मपरकता (nf).
अध्यात्म योग -- the disciplineinvolved in withdrawal of sensesfrom mundane objects and theirconcentration on the SupremeBeing.
अध्यात्मवाद -- spiritualism.
अध्यात्म-विद्या/शास्त्र -- metaphysics.
  • अध्यादेश addhya:desh — (nm) an ordinance.
  • अध्या/पक addhyapa:k — (nm) a teacher; an educator, master.
अध्यापन -- teaching, instruction, अध्यापिका (nf).
अध्यापकी वृत्ती -- teaching profession.
  • अध्याप्त addhya:pt — (a) acquired (property, etc.).
अध्याप्त करना -- to acquire.
  • अध्याप्ति addhya:pti — (nf) acquisition.
  • अध्याय addhya:y — (nm) a chapter.
  • अध्यारो/प addhya:rop — (nm) erroneous transference of an attribute; misprojection; hence अध्यारोपण (nm), अध्यारोपित (a).
  • अध्यास addhya:s — (nm) misimposition; misperception.
  • अध्याहार addhya:ha:r — (nm) an ellipsis.
  • अध्येता addhyeta: — (nm) a student; scholar.
  • अनंग anāṅg — (nm) see कामदेव.
  • अनंत anānt — (a) endless, unending; eternal; infinite; (nf) infinity.
अनंत चतुर्दशी -- a festival celebrated on the fourteenth day of the bright fortnight of the month of भाद्रपद (भादों); hence अनंतता (nf).
  • अनंतर anāntar — (ind) after, afterwards; in the wake of.
  • अनंतिम anāntim — (a) provisional.
  • अनंत्य ananty — (a) see अनंत.
  • अन ān — a Hindi prefix used to impart a negative sense, as अनमेल, अनहोनी.
  • अनक़रीब anqari:b — (adv) forthwith, very soon.
  • अनकहा ankaha: — (a) untold; inexplicit, implicit.
  • अनख anākh — (nm) dudgeon, acerbity, petulance.
  • अनखाना ankhānā: — (v) to express a sense of acerbity/petulance/dudgeon; to express resentment (by words or gestures).
  • अनखुला ankhula: — (a) not open, inexposed; covered, closed.
  • अनगढ़ angaṛḥ: — (a) crude; unwrought; unchiselled; unpolished; natural.
अनगढ़पन -- crudity, naturalness, absence of chiselling/polish.
अनगढ़ पाषाण युग -- crude stone age.
  • अनगिन angin — (a) see अनगिनत.
  • अनगिनत anginat — (a) innumerable, numberless; countless.
  • अनगिना anginā: — (a) unaccounted for; uncounted, unnumbered.
  • अनचाहा ancha:ha: — (a) unwanted, undesired, undesirable.
  • अनचीता anchi:ta: — (a) unthought of, unwanted, undesired.
  • अनचीन्हा anchi:nhā: — (a) unknown, unfamiliar; strange.
  • अनजान anjā:n — (a) unknown, unacquainted; ignorant.
  • अनजाने anja:ne — (adv) unknowingly, unwittingly.
अनजाने में (किसी का) हित साधना -- to play somebody's game.
अनजाने में किसी महापुरुष की सेवा करना -- to entertain an angel unawares.
  • अनदेखा andekha: — (a) unseen, unforeseen.
  • अनधिकार anadhika:r — (a) unauthorised; (nm) want of right.
अनधिकार चेष्टा -- unauthorised attempt.
  • अनधिकारिक anadhika:rik — (a) non-official; unauthorised.
  • अनधिकारी anadhika:ri: — (a) rightless, unrightful; unauthorised; unfit, ineligible.
  • अनधिकृत anadhikkrit — (a) unauthorised; unoccupied.
  • अनध्यवसाय anaddhyavsa:y — (nm) akrasia; slothfulness, inactivity.
  • अनध्याय anaddhya:y — (nm) an off-day; cessation of work.
अनध्याय-काल -- vacation, intermission.
  • अननुकूल ananūku:l — (a) unfavourable; not kindly/well disposed; opposed; hostile.
  • अनन्नास anānnā:s — (nm) pine-apple tree or its fruit.
  • अनन्य ananny — (a) identical, unique; close, intimate (as अनन्य-मित्र); completely loyal; exclusive.
अनन्य गती -- sole support.
अनन्य क -- having no other way out.
अनन्यचित्त/मनस्क/मना/ -- having full concentration (in), completely devoted (to).
अनन्यता -- identity, sameness; uniqueness; exclusiveness.
अनन्यपरता -- completeloyalty.
अनन्यपरायण -- being exclusively devoted to one.
अनन्य भाव -- sole or exclusive loyalty/devotion.
अनन्यसामान्य -- unique, typical.
  • अनन्यसंक्राम्य anānnyāsānkrā:mmy — (a) inalienable, non-transferable.
  • अनन्याधिकार anānnyā:dhika:r — (nm) sole/unchallenged right.
  • अनन्याश्रित anānnyā:shshrit — (a) independent, not subordinate.
  • अनन्वय anannvay — (nm) a meaning-based figure of speech involving comparison of an object with its own ideal (राम के सम राम ही है).
  • अनपच anpach — (nm) see अपच.
  • अनपचा anpacha: — (a) undigested.
  • अनपढ़ anpaṛḥ — (a) illiterate, unlettered.
  • अनपराधी anapra:dhi: — (a and nm) (a) non-criminal.
  • अनपेक्षित anapekshit — (a) unwanted, not required or desired.
  • अनबन anbān — (nm) discord, estrangement, rift.
  • अनबिंधा anbīdha: — (a) unpierced.
  • अनबूझ anbu:jh — (a) see अबूझ.
  • अनब्याहा anbya:ha: — (a) unmarried.
  • अनभिज्ञ anabhiggy — (a) ignorant; unaware; unapprised.
अनभिज्ञता -- ignorance; unawareness.
  • अनभिप्रेत anabhippret — (a) not intended/designed/implied.
  • अनभिव्यक्त anabhivyakt — (a) unexpressed; implicit.
  • अन/भ्यास anabbhya:s — (nm) want of practice; hence अनभ्यासी (nm).
अनभ्यस्त -- unaccustomed; out of practice, having no practice.
  • अनभ्र anabbhr — (a) cloudless.
अनभ्र वज्रपात -- a bolt from the blue.
अनभ्र वृष्टि -- lit. rain without a cloud—unexpected gains.
  • अनमना anmanā: — (a) indisposed; out of sorts, in low spirits; absent-minded; hence अनमनापन (nm).
  • अनमिल anmil — (a) discordant; irrelevant.
  • अनमेल anmel — (a) inharmonious, discordant; dissimilar, heterogeneous; unmixed.
  • अनमोल anmol — (a) invaluable, precious, priceless.
  • अनम्र anāmmr — (a) disrespectful; impertinent, impudent; hence अनम्रता (nf).
  • अनर्गल anargal — (a) unrestrained, unbarred; absurd.
अनर्गलता -- absurdity.
अनर्गल प्रलाप -- unrestrained prattle, raving, incoherent prate.
  • अनर्जित anarjit — (a) unearned.
अनर्जित आय -- unearned income.
  • अनर्थ anarth — (nm) calamity; absurdity; grievous wrong; absolutely contrary meaning.
अनर्थकर/कारी -- calamitous, devastating.
  • अनर्ह anarh — (a) unqualified, ineligible.
अनर्हता -- disqualification, ineligibility.
  • अनल anal — (nm) fire.
  • अनलहक़ analhaq — an Arabic phrase given currency by the Sufi:s inmediaeval India—meaning 'I amGod; I am Truth'.
  • अनवच्छिन्न anvachchhinn — (a) unbroken, continuous; hence अनवच्छिन्नता (nf).
  • अनवट anvaṭ — (nf) see अँधौटी.
  • अनवद्य anavaddy — (a) flawelss, without a blemish; hence अनवद्यता (nf).
  • अनवधान anavdhā:n — (nm) absence of concentration, inattention, distraction; inadvertence; negligence; (a) distracted, inadvertent; negligent.
अनवधानता -- inadvertence, heedlessness.
  • अनवधिक anavadhik — (a) aperiodic.
  • अनवरत anavarat — (a) continuous, incessant, unremitting.
  • अनवरुद्ध anavruddh — (a) unobstructed, unhampered; smooth.
  • अनवरोध anavrodh — (nm) absence of obstruction; (a) free, smooth, unobstructed.
  • अनव/लंब anavlāmb — (a) without a support, unsupported; lonely; hence अनवलंबन (nm), अनवलंबित (a).
  • अनवहित anavhit — (a) inadvertent, negligent.
  • अनशन anshān — (nm) fast.
  • अनश्वर anashshvar — (a) immortal, immutable, imperishable; hence अनश्वरता (nf).
  • अनसुना ansunā: — (a) unheard (of).
अनसुना करना, सुना-अनसुना करना -- to ignore (deliberately), not to pay anyattention (to).
  • अनस्तिव anastittv — (nm) non-existence.
  • अननाहदनाद anaa:hadna:d — —In Indian terminology pertaining toYog, a mysterious sound bornwithin (without any impact between objects) and audible only to the Yogi:.
  • अनहोनी anhōni: — (nf) the improbable, the impossible; (a) unusual; improbable, impossible.
  • अनाकार anā:ka:r — (a) amorphous; shapeless.
  • अनाक्रमण anā:kkramāṉ — (nm) non-aggression, non-attack.
अनाक्रमण संधि -- a non-aggression pact.
  • अनाक्रांत ana:kkrā:nt — (a) unassaulted, unattacked.
  • अनागत ana:gat — (a) (the) future, not come, not attained; unknown.
  • अना/चार anā:cha:r — (nm) misconduct, lasciviousness, licentiousness; immorality; malpractice; wrongdoing; hence अनाचरण (nm).
अनाचारी -- lascivious, immoral, licentious; malpractitioner, wrong-doer.
  • अनाज ana:j — (nm) grain, corn.
अनाज बखरी -- a corn-bin, barn.
  • अनाज्ञाका/री anā:gya:ka:ri: — (a) disobedient; defiant; hence अनाज्ञाकारिता (nf).
  • अनाड़ी ana:ṛi: — (a) inexperienced, unskilful; (nm) a novice, tyro, bumpkin, an ignoramus; hence अनाड़ीपन (nm).
  • अनात्म ana:tm — (nm) non-self, (something) different from spirit or soul; (a) corporeal, non-spiritual.
अनात्मवाद/अनात्मवादिता -- materialism.
अनात्मवादी -- a materialist; materialistic.
  • अनाथ anā:th — (nm) an orphan; (a) orphan, without any protector; helpless.
  • अनाथालय, अनाथाश्रम anā:tha:lay, anā:tha:shshram — (nm) an orphanage.
  • अनादर anā:dar — (nm) insult; disrespect, disregard.
अनादर करना -- to insult, to disrespect.
  • अनादि anā:di — (a) having no beginning, ever-existent, eternal.
  • अनादिष्ट anā:dishṭ — (a) non-commissioned; undirected.
  • अनादृत anā:ddrit — (a) insulted, humiliated; neglected.
  • अनाधिकारिक anā:dhika:rik — (a) unofficial; unauthorised.
  • अनाप-शनाप ana:p-shanā:p — (a and nm) slipslop, nonsense, absurd(talk), prattle, babble.
  • अनाम anā:m — (a) nameless; anonymous.
अनामक -- anonymous.
  • अनामिका anā:mika: — (nf) the ring finger.
  • अनामिष anā:mish — (a) vegetarian.
अनामिषभोजी -- a vegetarian.
  • अनायास anā:ya:s — (adv) without effort, with ease, spontaneously; suddenly.
  • अनार anā:r — (nm) a pomegranate.
अनारदाना -- dried seeds of pomegranate.
  • अनार्य anā:ry — (nm and a) a non-Aryan; (a) not noble, not respectable; inferior.
  • अनावरण anā:varāṉ — (nm) exposure.
  • अनावर्ती anā:varti: — (a) non-recurring (as expenditure); aperiodic (as acircuit).
  • अनावश्यक anā:vashshyak — (a) unnecessary; unimportant.
  • अनाविल anā:vil — (a) clear, clean; healthy.
  • अनावृत anā:vvrit — (a) open, uncovered.
  • अना/वृत्त anā:vritt — (a) not returned; non-recurring, unrecurred, unrepeated; hence अनावृत्ति (nf).
  • अनावृष्टि anā:vrishṭi — (nf) drought, want of rain.
  • अनाश्रित anā:shshrit — (a) independent; self-sufficient.
  • अनास anā:s — (a) snub-nosed.
  • अनास/क्त anā:sakt — (a) detached; unattached.
अनासक्त-भाव -- sense of detachment/non-attachment.
अनासक्ति -- detachment; absence of attachment.
  • अनास्था anā:stha: — (nf) absence/want of faith or devotedness, faithlessness.
अनास्थावान -- faithless.
  • अनाहत नाद anā:hat na:d — see अनहद नाद.
  • अनाहार ana:ha:r — (a) without food.
  • अनाहूत anā:hu:t — (a) uninvited, unsummoned.
  • अनिंदनीय anīndani:y — (a) see अनिंद्य.
  • अनिंदित anīndit — (a) uncensured; unreproached.
  • अनिंद्य anīndy — (a) irreproachable, flawless.
  • अनिच्छा anīchchha: — (nf) reluctance, unwillingness.
  • अनिच्छुक anichchhuk — (a) reluctant, unwilling.
  • अनित्य anitty — (a) transient, transitory; variable; fleeting; hence अनित्यता (nf).
  • अनिद्रा aniddra: — (nf) insomnia, sleeplessness; hence अनिद्र (a).
  • अनिपुण anipūṉ — (a) unskilled; inefficient.
  • अनिमंत्रित animāntrit — (a) uninvited, unsolicited.
  • अनिमित्त animitt — (a) without a cause, sudden.
  • अनिमिष, अनिमेष animish, animesh — (a) unwinking, without a wink.
  • अनियंत्रित aniyāntrit — (a) uncontrolled, unrestrained, unrestricted; arbitrary.
अनियंत्रित शासन -- absolute orarbitrary government.
  • अनियत anīyat — (a) indefinite, occasional; unallotted; erratic; casual.
अनियतकालिक -- aperiodic; casual.
  • अनियम anīyam — (nm) lawlessness; disorder.
  • अनियमित anīyamit — (a) irregular; disorderly.
  • अनिर्णय anirṉāy — (nm) indecision; uncertainty.
  • अनिर्दिष्ट anirdishṭ — (a) unspecified, unprescribed.
  • अनिर्धार्य anirdha:ry — (a) non-assessable; non-prescribable.
  • अनिर्वचनीय anirvachnī:y — (a) indescribable; ineffable; hence अनिर्वचनीयता (nf).
अनिल anil -- (nm) air.
  • अनिवार्य anīva:ry — (a) inevitable; unavoidable; essential, compulsory; irresistible, obligatory; mandatory.
  • अनिवार्यता aniva:ryta: — (nf) inevitability.
  • अनिवास aniva:s — (nm) non-residence.
  • अनिश्चय anishchay — (nm) indecision, uncertainty.
  • अनिश्चित anishchit — (a) uncertain, undecided; indefinite, vague; unsettled.
अनिश्चितता -- indefiniteness; uncertainty; vagueness.
  • अनिष्ट anishṭ — (nm) harm, calamity.
अनिष्टकर, /अनिष्टकारी । -- (a) evil, ominous; harmful, calamitous.
  • अनी anī: — (nf) eye; point; forepeak.
अनीदार -- pointed, sharp.
  • अनीकिनी ani:kinī: — (nf) corps (a body of troops).
  • अनीति anī:ti — (nf) impropriety, inequity; high-handedness.
  • अनीश्वर/वाद anī:shshvarva:d — (nm) atheism, agnosticism; also अनीश्वरवादिता.
अनीश्वरवादी -- an atheist; agnosticist; atheistic, agnostic.
  • अनु anū — a prefix meaning after, afterwards, like, along with, repeatedly, towards, etc. (as अनुयायी, अनुकरण).
  • अनुकंपा anūkāmpa: — (nf) kindness, compassion.
  • अनुकथन anūkathan — (nm) post-statement; description.
  • अनु/करण anūkarāṉ — (nm) imitation; emulation; mimicry.
अनुकरणीय -- exemplary; imitable, worth emulating or imitating; hence अनुकरणीय ता( nf).
अनुकर्ता -- imitator; emulator; hence अनुकर्ता (nf).
अनुक्रिया -- imitation; emulation.
अनुक्रिया त्मक -- imitative; emulative.
  • अनुकल्प anūkalp — (nm) substitute.
  • अनुकारी anūka:ri: — (a) imitating; emulating.
  • अनुकार्य anūka:ry — (nf) imitation; emulation.
  • अनुकूल anūku:l — (a) favourable; agreeable; befitting; well-disposed; conformable.
अनुकूलतम -- optimum.
अनुकूलता -- favourableness, agreeability; befittingness; conformity.
अनुकूलन -- conditioning; adaptation.
अनुकूलनीयता -- adaptability; conformability.
  • अनुकृत anūkkrit — (a) imitated; emulated.
  • अनुकृती anūkkriti — (nf) an imitation; imitative shape or form; emulation.
  • अनुक्रम anukkrām — (nm) sequence, succession.
  • अनुक्रमण anukkramāṉ — (nm) sequence.
  • अनुक्रमणिका, अनुक्रमणी anūkkramāṉīka:, anūkkramāṉī: — (nf) a list of contents, an index.
  • अनुक्रमिक anūkkramīk — (a) successive; consecutive.
  • अनुक्रिया anūkkriya: — (nf) response.
अनुक्रियात्मक, अनुक्रियाशील -- responsive.
  • अनु/गत anūgat — (a) obedient; prone to obey or follow; (nm) a follower; hence अनुगति obedience, following.
  • अनु/गमन anūgamān — (nm) following; self-immolation by a widow.
अनुगामी -- a follower; following, obedient.
  • अनु/गुण anūguṉ — (a) significant, exact, befitting.
अनुगुणता -- exactness, significance.
  • अनुगूँज anugū:j — (nf) re-echo.
  • अनुगृहीत anūggrihi:t — (a) obliged, grateful.
  • अनुग्रह anūggrah — (nm) obligation, favour, kindness.
  • अनु/चर anūchar — (nm) an attendant; a hanger-on; follower; also अनुचारी(nm).
  • अनुचिंतन anūchīntān — (nm) sympathy; continuous thinking.
  • अनुचित anūchit — (a) improper; unbecoming, unseemly; wrong.
अनुचित संबंध -- illicit relations.
  • अनुचिन्ह anuchinh — (nm) a trail, trace.
  • अनुच्छेद anūchchhed — (nm) a paragraph; an article.
  • अनु/ज anūj — (nm) a younger brother, अनुजा (nf).
  • अनुजीवी anūji:vi: — (nm) an underling, a dependant.
  • अनुज्ञप्ति anūggyapti — (nf) a licence.
  • अनुज्ञा anūggya: — (nf) permission.
अनुज्ञात्मक -- permissive.
अनुज्ञाधारी -- a permitholder.
  • अनुतट anūtaṭ — (a and adv) coastwise, coastal; along the coast/bank.
  • अनुतप्त anūtapt — (a) remorseful; repentant.
  • अनुतान anuta:n — (nf) intonation.
  • अनुताप anūta:p — (nm) remorse; repentance.
  • अनुत्तरदायित्व anūttarda:ittv — (nm) irresponsibility.
अनुत्तरदायित्वपूर्ण -- irresponsible.
  • अनुत्तरदायी anūttarda:i: — (a) irresponsible.
  • अनुत्तरित anūttarit — (a) unreplied unanswered, unresponded.
  • अनुत्तीर्ण anūtti:rṉ — (a) failed; unsuccessful.
  • अनुत्पादक anūtpa:dak — (a) unproductive; barren; hence अनुत्पादकता (nf).
  • अनुदत्ताधिकार anūdatta:dhika:r — (nm) franchise.
  • अनुदर्शन anūdarshān — (nm) retrospection.
  • अनुदर्शी anūdarshi: — (a) retrospective.
  • अनुदात्त anūda:tt — (a) not sublime, lacking loftiness; ignoble; hence अनुदात्तता (nf).
  • अनुदान anūdā:n — (nm) a grant.
  • अनुदार anūda:r — (a) not liberal, conservative; parochial; parsimonious, stingy; hence अनुदारता (nf).
  • अनुदिन anūdin — (adv) every day, daily.
  • अनुदेश anūdesh — (nm) instruction.
अनुदेशक -- instructor.
  • अनुद्विग्न anūddvign — (a) unperturbed; composed.
  • अनुद्वेग anūddveg — (nm) absence of perturbation/flurry; composure.
  • अनु/नय anūnāy — (nf) persuasion, propitiation, mollification.
अनुनय-विनय -- persuasion and prayer, wooingand propitiation; hence अनुनयी( nm and a).
  • अनु/नाद anūna:d — (nm) resonance; echo.
अनुनादक -- resonator.
अनुनादी -- resonant.
अनुनादित -- resounded, echoed.
  • अनुनासिक anūnā:sik — (a) nasal; (nm) a nasal sound, nasal; hence अनुनासिकता (nf).
  • अनुन्नत anūnnat — (a) undeveloped.
  • अनुपका/र anūpka:r — (nm) evil turn, harm; hence अनुपकारी (nm and a).
  • अनुप/म anūpam — (a) matchless, unparalleled; out and away.
अनुपमेय -- unparalleled; matchless.
  • अनुपयुक्त anūpyukt — (a) inexpedient; unfit, unsuitable; hence अनुपयुक्तता (nf).
  • अनुपयो/गी anūpyogi: — (a) useless, unavailing.
अनुपयोगिता -- uselessness, the state of being of no utility.
  • अनुप/लब्ध anūplabdh — (a) unachieved, unacquired; hence अनुपलब्धि (nf).
  • अनुपस्थित anūpasthit — (a) absent.
  • अनुपस्थिति anūpasthiti — (nf) absence.
  • अनु/पात anūpa:t — (nm) proportion.
अनुपाती -- proportional.
  • अनुपान anūpā:n — (nm) fluid vehicle in medicine.
  • अनुपार्जित anūpa:rjit — (a) unearned.
  • अनुपालन anūpa:lan — (nm) observance, adherence; maintenance.
  • अनुपूरक anūpu:rak — (a) supplementary.
  • अनुपूर्ति anūpu:rti — (nf) supplementation; compensation; subsidy.
  • अनुपूर्वी anūpu:rvi: — (a) successive; consecutive.
  • अनुपोषण anūposhāṉ — (nm) support; maintenance.
  • अनुप्रयुक्त anūpprayukt — (a) applied.
अनुप्रयुक्त-विज्ञान -- applied science.
  • अनुप्रयोग anūpprayog — (nm) application.
  • अनुप्रस्थ anūpprasth — (a) transverse.
  • अनुप्राणित anūpprā:ṉit — (a) imbued, inspired, informed.
अनुप्राणित करना -- toimbue, to inspire, to inform.
  • अनुप्रास anūppra:s — (nm) alliteration; agnomination.
  • अनुबंध anūbāndh — (nm) contract; addendum; appendage; stipulation; suffix.
अनुबंधकारी -- contracting.
अनुबंधकारी पक्ष -- contracting parties.
  • अनुबंधित anubāndhit — (a) contracted; signed (for a contract).
  • अनुबद्ध anūbaddh — (a) contracted; stipulated.
अनुबद्ध करना -- to annex; toenter into a contract (with).
  • अनुभव anūbhav — (nm) experience.
अनुभववाद -- empiricism.
अनुभवसिद्ध -- empirical, established by experience orperception.
अनुभवातीत -- beyond ortranscending experience, transcendental.
अनुभवातीतवाद -- transcendentalism.
अनुभवाश्रित -- empirical.
अनुभव करना -- to feel; to experience.
  • अनुभवी anūbhavi: — (a) experienced, veteran, seasoned.
  • अनुभाग anūbha:g — (nm) section (of an office, etc.).
  • अनु/भाव anūbha:v — (nm) ensuant response, suggestion (by look or gesture); hence अनुभावक (nm), अनुभावन (nm), अनुभावी (a).
  • अनुभूत anūbhu:t — (a) tried: experienced.
  • अनुभूति anūbhu:ti — (nf) emotional experience; realisation; sensibility.
  • अनु/मत anūmāt — (a) assented (to); approved; agreeable.
अनुमति -- assent, approval, leave.
अनुमति पत्र -- a permit, pass.
  • अनुमान anūmā:n — (nm) guess, estimate, surmise; supposition; inference.
अनुमानतः -- approximately, about.
  • अनुमानित anūmā:nit — (a) approximate; estimated.
  • अनुमित anūmit — (a) inferred; estimated/guessed; concluded.
  • अनुमिति anūmiti — (nf) inference; conclusion.
  • अनुमुद्र anūmuddr — (nm) off-print.
  • अनुमेय anūmey — (a) fit to be inferred/concluded, inferable; hence अनुमेयता (nf).
  • अनुमो/दन anūmodān — (nm) approval, approbation; hence अनुमोदक (nm).
  • अनुमोदित anūmodit — (a) approved.
  • अनुयान anūyā:n — (nm) a trailer.
  • अनुयायी anūya:i: — (nm) a follower, an adherent.
  • अनु/रंजन anūrāṇjan — (nm) recreation, amusement; hence अनुरंजित (a).
  • अनु/रक्त anūrakt — (a) attached, in love (with), fond (of).
अनुरक्ति -- attachment, dotage, fondness.
  • अनुरक्षक anūrakshak — (nm) escort.
  • अनुरक्षण anūrakshāṉ — (nm) maintenance; escort.
  • अनुरक्षी anūrakshi: — (a and nm) escort.
  • अनु/रणन anūraṉān — (nm) echoism; tinnitus; reverberation; hence अनुरणित (a).
  • अनुराग anūra:g — (nm) love, affection, attachment, fondness.
  • अनुरागी anūra:gi: — (a) affectionate, loving, fond.
  • अनुरूप anūru:p — (a) like; fit; conformable, beseeming; according to; analogous.
अनुरूपता -- accordance; analogy; conformity; fittingness; similitude.
अनुरूप होना -- to be in accord; tocorrespond/conform; to be befitting.
  • अनुरूपक anūru:pak — (nm) counterpart; (a) resembling, havingsimilitude.
  • अनुरे/खण anūrekhāṉ — (nm) tracing, trace.
अनुरेखित -- traced.
  • अनु/रोध anūrodh — (nm) solicitation; entreaty; hence अनुरोधी (a).
  • अनुर्वर anūrvar — (a) infertile; sterile, barren.
अनुर्वरता -- infertility; sterility, barrenness.
  • अनुलिपि anūlipi — (nf) duplicate, copy.
अनुलिपिकरण -- duplicating, copying.
  • अनुलोम anūlom — (nm) descending series; direct (in Mathematics).
अनुलोम-विवाह -- marriage of a man ofhigher caste with a woman oflower caste.
  • अनुवर्तन anūvartān — (nm) subsequence, following; follow-up.
  • अनु/वर्ती anūvarti: — (a) subsequent, following; hence अनुवर्तिनी (nf).
  • अनु/वाद anūva:d — (nm) translation; repetition.
अनुवादक -- a translator.
अनुवादित -- (correct form अनुदित) translated.
अनुवाद्य -- (correct form अनूद्य) translatable.
  • अनुवादी anūva:di: — (a) musical note, other than va:di: and samva:di:.
  • अनु/शासन anusha:sān — (nm) discipline.
अनुशासक -- a disciplinarian.
अनुशासनबद्ध -- disciplined.
अनुशासनिक, अनुशासनीय -- disciplinary.
अनुशासी -- disciplinarian, pertaining to discipline, disciplinary.
  • अनुशासित anūsha:sit — (a) disciplined.
  • अनुशीलन anūshi:lan — (nm) constant study or practice; investigation.
  • अनु/श्रवण anūshshravāṉ — (nm) monitoring; tradition.
अनुश्रोता -- monitor.
  • अनु/श्रुत anushshrut — (a) traditional.
अनुश्रुति -- tradition.
  • अनुषंग anushaṅg — (nm) association; connection; contingency.
  • अनुषंगी anūshāṅgi: — (a) contingent, ancillary.
  • अनुष्ठान anūshṭḥā:n — (nm) ritual, ceremony; religious performance; undertaking; exercise; solemnisation.
अनुष्ठानकर्ता -- a solemniser.
अनुष्ठाता -- a performer of a ceremony/ritual; onewho is performing an अनुष्ठान.
  • अनुसं/धान anūsāndhā:n — (nm) research; investigation.
अनुसंधाता -- a researcher.
अनुसंधित्सु -- an aspirant for research.
  • अनुसमर्थन anūsamarthān — (nm) ratification (of a treaty, etc.).
  • अनुसरण anūsarāṉ — (nm) (the act or process of) following, pursuance.
  • अनुसार anūsa:r — (post).
अनुसार , के -- according to, in conformity with.
  • अनुसूची anūsu:chi: — (nf) a schedule.
अनुसूचीबद्ध -- scheduled.
  • अनुसेवी anūsevi: — (a) subservient.
  • अनुस्यूत anūssyu:t — (a) intertwined, interwoven.
  • अनुस्वार anūssva:r — (nm) lit. after-sound—the nasal sound (in some of the Indian scripts) which is markedby a dot above the line and alwaysfollows the preceding vowel.
  • अनुहरण anūharāṉ — (nm) mimesis, mimicry, (the act or process of) mimicking.
  • अनुहर्ता anūharta: — (nm) a mimic, person skilled in ludicrous imitation.
  • अनुहारी anūha:ri: — (a) mimetic, pertaining to mimesis.
  • अनूठा anū:ṭḥa: — (a) unique; unparalleled, unprecedented.
  • अनूढ़ा anū:ṛḥa: — (nf) an unmarried woman.
  • अनूदित anū:dit — (a) translated.
  • अनूद्य anū:ddy — (a) translatable; fit for/worthy of translation.
  • अनूप anū:p — (a) unequalled, unparalleled, singular, unique, out and away.
  • अनृत anrit — (nm) untruth; falsehood, lie.
  • अनेक anēk — (a) many, numerous; several.
अनेकता/त्व -- diversity, varied character; versatility (as प्रतिभा).
अनेकवाद -- pluralism.
अनेकविध -- multifarious, of numerous types, varied.
  • अनेकार्थक anēka:ṛthak — (a) polysemous, polysemant; ambiguous.
अनेकार्थकता -- ambiguity; polysemousness.
  • अनैकांतिक anaika:ntik — (a) non-exclusive.
  • अनैक्य anaiky — (nm) discord; rift, friction.
  • अनैच्छिक anaichchhik — (a) involuntary, notd eliberate.
  • अनैतिक anaitik — (a) immoral; depraved.
अनैतिकता -- immorality; depravity.
  • अनैतिहासिक anaitiha:sik — (a) unhistorical; legendary; hence अनैतिहासिकता (nf).
  • अनोखा anōkha: — (a) peculiar, queer; novel.
अनोखापन -- peculiarity, queerness; novelty.
  • अनौचित्य anāūchity — (nm) impropriety; indeeency.
  • अनौद्योगिक anāūdyogik — (a) non-industrial.
  • अनौपचारिक anāūpcha:rik — (a) informal; unofficial; unceremonious.
अनौपचारिकता -- informality; unofficial way.
  • अन् an — a Sanskrit prefix to words beginning with vowels, signifying negation (e.g.) अनभिज्ञ, अनाचार, अनंत.
  • अन्न ann — (nm) corn, food, (usu. cooked).
अन्नदेव -- spirit corn.
  • अन्न-जल ann-jal — (nm) bread and butter; subsistence.
अन्न-जल उठना/छूटना -- (obliged) to be uprooted, to be forced to move away (from a particular place).
  • अन्नदाता annda:ta: — (nm) master; patron, benefactor; one who provides subsistence; a form of address used by subjugated and subordinated people for their masters and patrons, giver of food.
  • अन्नप्राशन annpra:shān — (nm) a ceremony marking the occasion when a child is administered non-liquid food (esp. खीर) for the first time.
  • अन्य anny — (a) other, another; different.
अन्य पुरूष -- third person (in Grammar).
  • अन्यक्रामण annykrā:māṉ — (nm) (act or process of) alienation.
  • अन्यतः annytah — (ind) from another; from elsewhere; otherwise.
  • अन्यतम annytām — (a) foremost, best.
  • अन्यत्र annyāttr — (ind) elsewhere.
  • अन्यथा annyātha: — (adv) otherwise; (a) contrary, against.
अन्यथाकथन -- misrepresentation, false statement.
  • अन्यदेशीय annydeshi:y — (a) alien.
  • अन्य/मनस्क, अन्यमना annymānāsk, ~mānā: — (a) out of sorts; absent-minded, mentally elsewhere; indisposed.
अन्यमनस्कता -- absent-mindedness, the state of being mentallyelsewhere; indisposition.
  • अन्यसंक्रामण annysāṅkra:māṉ — (nm) (act or process of) alienation.
अन्यसंक्रामण करना -- to alienate.
  • अन्यसंक्राम्यता annysānkra:myāta: — (nf) alienability.
  • अन्याय annya:y — (nm) injustice, wrong; inequity.
अन्यायपूर्ण -- unjust, wrong; inequitable.
अन्याय करना -- to give a raw deal, to do a wrong.
  • अन्यायी annya:yī: — (a) unjust, inequitable; (nm) a wrong-doer; persecutor.
  • अन्याय्य annya:yy — (a) unjust, wrongful.
  • अन्यार्थ annya:rth — (nm and a) (having) another meaning, (imparting) a different meaning.
अन्यार्थ लेखक -- ghost writer.
  • अन्याश्रित annya:shshrit — (a) dependent, depending on somebody else; subservient (to).
  • अन्यून annyū:n — (a) not less; much.
  • अन्योक्ति annyokti — (nf) an allegory.
अन्योक्तिकार -- an allegorist.
अन्योक्तिपरक -- allegorical.
अन्योक्ति रूपक -- an allegory.
अन्योक्तिवादी -- an allegorist; allegorical.
  • अन्योन्य annyōny — (a) reciprocal.
अन्योन्यक्रियता -- interactionism.
अन्योन्यक्रिया -- interaction.
अन्योन्यता -- reciprocity.
अन्योन्य संबंध -- reciprocal relationship, reciprocity.
  • अन्योन्य/श्रय annyōnnya:shshray — (nm) interdependence, reciprocity; (a) interdependent, reciprocal.
अन्योन्यश्रयवाद -- mutualism.
अन्योन्यश्रयी, अन्योन्यश्रित -- interdependent; reciprocal.
  • अन्व/य annvay — (nm) the natural order or sequence of words in asentence; logical syntactical concordanceof words in a sentence; logical connection of cause and effect or proposition and conclusion; lineage; hence अन्वयी (a).
  • अन्वर्थ annvarth — (a) significant, conformable to the meaning; intelligible; hence अन्वर्थता (nf).
  • अन्वालोप annva:lop — (nm) an envelope.
  • अन्वित annvit — (a) possessed of, possessing; joined; attended; forming an orderly sequence; accompanied by, connected with; understood.
  • अन्वितार्थ anvita:rth — (a and nm) possessing a meaning intelligible through an orderly sequence of words.
  • अन्विति annviti — (nf) unity (esp. dramatic); syntactical sequence (of words).
  • अन्वी/क्षण annvi:kshāṉ — (nm) investigation, through/microscopic examination; hence अन्वीक्षा (nf).
अन्वीक्षण-यंत्र -- a microscope.
  • अन्वेश-अन्वेष/ण annvesh.
अन्वेश-अन्वेषāṉ -- -- (nm) exploration, enquiry; investigation.
  • अन्वेषक anveshak — (nm) an explorer, enquirer; a researcher.
  • अन्वेषित annveshit — (a) explored, enquired/investigated (into).
  • अन्वेषी annveshi: — (nm) see अन्वेषक.
  • अन्वेष्य annveshy — (a) explorable, subject or liable to enquiry/investigation.
  • अपंग apaṅg — (a) cripple(d), maimed.
  • अप ap — a Sanskrit prefix denoting—away, off, base, down, deterioration or inferiority; as an allomorph of आप in Hindi, it also denotes 'self' as अपकाजी selfish.
अपस्वार्थी -- selfish.
  • अपकरण apkarāṉ — (nm) misfeasance; transgression.
  • अपकर्ता apkarta: — (nm) an injurer, one who does damage or inflicts harm.
  • अपक/र्म apkarm — (nm) wrongdoing, evil deed, misdeed.
अपकर्मा -- a wrongdoer, misdoer.
  • अपकर्ष apkarsh — (nm) downfall; degeneration, degradation, debasement; hence अपकर्षक (nm, a).
  • अपक/र्षण apkarshāṉ — (nm) extortion; degeneration, degradation; hence अपकर्षित (a), अपकर्षी (a).
  • अपकार apka:r — (nm) harm, ill-turn, damage; disservice; wrong; hence अपकारक (a).
  • अपकारी apka:ri: — (a) detrimental, hurtful/harmful, damaging; (nm) one who inflicts harm, one whodoes an evil turn.
  • अपकीर्ति apki:rti — (nf) infamy, disgrace.
  • अपकृ/त apakkrit — (a) (one who has been) harmed.
अपकृति -- see अपकार.
  • अपकें/द्र apkēndr — (a) centrifugal.
अपकेंद्रिक -- centrifugal.
अपकेंद्रिकता -- centrifugality.
  • अपक्व apakkw — (a) unripe, raw; immature.
  • अपक्षय apakshay — (nm) atrophy.
  • अपगति apgati — (nf) downfall, degeneration; misfortune.
  • अपघटन apghaṭān — (nm) decomposition.
  • अपघर्षण apgharshāṉ — (nm) abrasion.
  • अपच apach — (nm) indigestion, dyspepsia.
  • अप/चय apchay — (nm) reduction; catabolism; hence अपचित (a).
  • अपचयन apchayān — (nm) reduction; catabolism.
  • अपचार apcha:r — (nm) evil deed; aberration.
  • अपचारी apcha:ri: — (a) delinquent, aberrant.
  • अपटु apaṭu — (a) inefficient, incompetent; lacking skill; hence अपटुता (nf).
  • अपठित apaṭḥit — (a) unread; uneducated.
  • अपढ़ apaṛḥ — (a) unlettered, illiterate.
  • अपतुष्टि aptushṭi — (nf) appeasement.
  • अपतृण apattriṉ — (nm) weed.
  • अपत्य apatty — (nm) an offspring, child.
  • अपथ्य apatthy — (a) insalubrious, unwholesome; unhealthy; (nm) insalubrious food/diet.
  • अपदस्थ apadasth — (a) deposed, dismissed/relieved of one's post.
  • अपदार्थ apada:rth — (a) insignificant, petty.
  • अप/धर्म apdharm — (nm) heresy.
अपधर्मी -- heretic.
  • अपना apnā: — (a) one's own, pertaining to oneself.
अपना-तेरी -- (a feeling of) thine and mine, a parochial outlook.
अपनापन -- cordiality, (a feeling of) ownness, affinity.
अपना-पराया -- kindredand alien.
अपना-अपना, पराया-पराया -- bloodis thicker than water.
अपना उल्लू सिधाकरना -- to have an axe to grind, tolook for position, to serve one'sown end.
अपना घर बदनाम करना -- to foulone's own nest.
अपना घर भरना -- tofeather one's own nest.
अपना तोसा अपना भरोसा -- everyone must stand onone's own legs.
अपना दही खट्टा बताना -- to cry stinking fish, to condemnone's own endeavours.
अपना दिल खोल देना -- to put (all) one's cards on thetable.
अपने पाँव पर खड़े होना -- to standon one's own bottom.
अपना पेट काटना -- to tighten one's belt.
अपना बोया आप काटना -- as you sow so shall youreap.
अपना पूत सबको प्यारा -- every potterpraises his own pot.
अपना मकान कोट समान -- every man's house is hiscastle.
अपना सब-कुछ एक ही दाँव पर लगा देना -- to have all the eggsin one basket.
अपना-सा मुँह लेकर रह जाना -- to cut a sorry figure, to.
  • अपनाना apnā:nā: — (v) to (treat as one's) own; to adopt; to appropriate.
  • अपनिर्वचन apnirvachān — (nm) misinterpretation.
  • अपभ्रंश apbhrānsh — (nm) corrupt form of a word, corruption; oneof the middle Indo-Aryan languages.
  • अपभ्रष्ट apbhrashṭ — (a) fallen, corrupted; debased, degenerated.
  • अपमान apmā:n — (nm) insult, disgrace, affront.
अपमान-लेख -- libel.
अपमान-वचन -- slander.
अपमान करना -- to insult.
अपमान , खुले आम -- to offer an affront (to).
अपमान का घूँट पीना, अपमान सहना -- to pocket/swallowan insult, to eat dirt.
  • अपमानित apmā:nit — (a) insulted, disgraced.
  • अपमिश्रण apmishrāṉ — (nm) adulteration; (a) adulterant.
अपमिश्रण करना -- to adulterate.
  • अपमृत्यु apmrittyu — (nf) accidental/unnatural death.
  • अपयश apyash — (nm) ill-repute, disrepute, infamy.
  • अपरंच aprāṇch — (ind) moreover, furthermore, besides.
  • अपरंपार aparampa:r — (a) boundless, infinite; hence अपरंपारता (nf).
  • अपर apar — (a) other, another, different; later; latter; following; inferior.
  • अपरता aparta: — (nf) distinction; sense of difference; state of beinglater/after.
  • अपरदन apradān — (nm) erosion.
  • अपरदेशीय apardeshi:y — (a) ex-territorial; extraterritorial.
  • अपरदेशीयता apardeshi:yta: — (nf) exterritoriality; extraterritoriality.
  • अपरा apra: — (nm) mundane or materialistic knowledge; worldly wisdom.
अपरा विद्या -- materialisticknowledge.
  • अपराग apra:g — (nm) disaffection.
  • अपराजित apara:jit — (a) unconquered, unvanquished.
  • अपराजेय apara:jey — (a) invincible; unconquerable; hence अपराजेयता (nf).
  • अपराध apra:dh — (nm) crime; offence; fault, guilt.
अपराधविज्ञ -- criminologist.
अपराध-विज्ञान -- criminology.
अपराधिता -- criminality.
  • अपराधी apra:dhi: — (a and nm) (a) criminal, guilty; offending/offender.
  • अपरार्द्ध apara:rddh — (nm) latter half.
  • अपरिह्म apra:nh — (nm) afternoon, post-midday.
  • अपरिग्रह apariggrah — (nm) renunciation; possessionlessness, the state of being without any belongings; (a) destitute of all possessions(beyond the basic minimum).
  • अपरिचय aparichay — (nm) non-introduction, non-acquaintance.
  • अपरिचित aparichit — (a) unacquainted; (nm) a stranger.
  • अपरिपक्व aparipakkv — (a) immature; unmatured, unripened; hence अपरिपक्वता(nf).
  • अपरिपुष्ट aparipushṭ — (a) uncorroborated; unconfirmed; hence अपरिपुष्टता (nf).
  • अपरिमित aparimit — (a) measureless; limitless; enormous; infinite; indeterminate; hence अपरिमितता (nf).
  • अपरिमेय aparimēy — (a) immeasurable, infinite; irrational; hence अपरिमेयता (nf).
  • अपरिव/र्ती aparivarti: — (a) steady; unchanging; invariable; hence अपरिवर्तिता (nf).
  • अपरिवर्तनीय aparivartanī:y — (a) unchangeable, invariable; steady; hence अपरिवर्तनीयता (nf).
  • अपरिवर्तित aparivartit — (a) unchanged, unaltered, unmodified.
  • अपरिष्कार aparishka:r — (nm) non-refinement; crudeness.
  • अपरिष्कृ/त aparishkrit — (a) unrefined; crude; hence अपरिष्कृति (nf).
  • अपरिहार apariha:r — (nm) indispensation, lack of means to dispense.
  • अपरिहार्य apariha:ry — (a) indispensable; inevitable, unavoidable; hence अपरिहार्यता (nf).
  • अपरिक्षित apari:kshit — (a) unexamined, untested; untried.
  • अपरूप apru:p — (a) ugly; grotesque; unparalleled; hence अपरूपता (nf).
  • अपरोक्ष aparoksh — (a) direct; visible, tangible.
अपरोक्ष रूप से -- directly, obviously.
  • अपर्याप्त aparya:pt — (a) inadequate, insufficient; hence अपर्याप्तता (nf).
  • अपलक apalak — (adv and a) without a wink/blink, unwinking, unblinking.
  • अपवचन apvachān — (nm) slander, calumny.
  • अप/वर्जन apvarjān — (nm) exclusion.
अपवर्जी -- exclusive.
अपवर्जीता -- exclusiveness.
  • अपवर्जित apvarjit — (a) excluded.
अपवर्जित करना -- to exclude.
  • अपवर्तक apvartak — (nm) common divisor.
  • अपवर्तन apvartān — (nm) abduction; regression.
  • अपवर्तीता apvartita: — (nf) regression, regressiveness; abductivity.
  • अपवर्त्य apvarty — (nm) factor; divisor.
  • अपवहन apvahān — (nm) drift; (the act or process of) drifting.
  • अपवाद apva:d — (nm) exception; slander, calumny; hence अपवादक, अपवादी (nm).
  • अपवा/रण apva:rāṉ — (nm) repelling, repeal, rescind; hence अपवारक (nm), अपवारित — (a).
  • अपवाह apva:h — (nm) drainage; outflow; drift.
अपवाह-क्षेत्र -- drainage area.
अपवाह-तंत्र -- drainage (system).
  • अपवाहिका apva:hika: — (nf) a sink.
  • अपविकास apvika:s — (nm) devolution; degeneration.
  • अपविचार apvicha:r — (nm) mistrial; a mischievous/bad idea.
  • अपवित्र apavittr — (a) unholy, impure; desecrated, profane.
अपवित्रता -- profanity; unholiness.
  • अपविवृति apvivriti — (nf) misinterpretation.
  • अपवृध्दि apvriddhi — (nf) excrescence.
  • अप/व्यय apavvyay — (nm) wastefulness; extravagant expenditure, squandering ; अपव्ययी (a).
  • अपशकुन apshakūn — (nm) ill/bad omen; inauspicious omen, anoccurrence or event portendingevil.
  • अपशब्द apshabd — (nm) an abuse; abusive language or word, avulgar word.
  • अपशिष्ट apshishṭ — (nm and a) worthless residue, waste; residual.
  • अपसरण apsarāṉ — (nm) divergence.
  • अपसामान्य apsa:mā:nny — (a) abnormal.
अपसामान्यता -- abnormality.
  • अप/सिद्धांत apsiddhā:nt — (nm) heresy.
अपसैद्धांतिक -- heretic.
  • अपसूत्र apsu:tr — (nm) apophysis.
  • अपसृति apsriti — (nf) divergence.
  • अपस्फीति apsphi:ti — (nf) deflation, varicosity.
  • अपस्मार apasma:r — (nm) epilepsy, eclampsia.
  • अपस्वार apassvar — (nm) a discordant note.
अपस्वारता -- discordance.
  • अपस्वार्थी apswa:rthi: — (a) selfish, concerned about own ends.
  • अप/हरण apaharāṉ — (nm) abduction; kidnapping; usurpation.
अपहर्ता -- abductor; kidnapper; usurper.
अपहरण करना -- to abduct; to kidnap; to usurp.
  • अपहसित aphasit — (nm) a guffaw, unprovoked and boisterous laughter.
  • अपहृत aphrit — (a) abducted; kidnapped; usurped.
  • अपह्नुति apahnuti — (nf) concealment (a figure of speech).
  • अपांग apā:ṅg — (nm) the outer corner of the eye; (a) crippled, maimed.
अपांग दृष्टी -- a side-glance.
  • अपाच्य apa:chchy — (a) indigestible; not worthy of or fit for cooking.
  • अपाठ्य apa:ṭṭḥy — (a) illegible, unreadable; worthless; hence अपाठ्यता (nf).
  • अपात्र apa:ttr — (a) unworthy, undeserving; ineligible.
अपात्रता -- unworthiness; ineligibility.
  • अपादान apā:dā:n — (nm) the ablative case.
  • अपानद्वार apā:ndva:r — (nm) the anus.
  • अपानवायु apā:nva:yu — (nf) flatus, foul wind emitted from the anus.
  • अपार apa:r — (a) boundless; shoreless; immense; hence अपारता (nf).
  • अपारगम्य apa:rgammy — (a) impermeable.
अपारगम्यता -- impermeability.
  • अपारदर्शिता apa:rdarshita: — (nf) opacity.
  • अपारदर्शी apa:rdarshi: — (a) opaque.
  • अपार्थिव apa:rthiv — (a) unearthly, celestial; spiritual; hence अपार्थिवता (nf).
  • अपा/वरण apa:varāṉ — (nm) exposure.
अपावृत -- exposed; hence अपावृति (nf).
  • अपाहिज apa:hij — (nm and a) a cripple; crippled, disabled.
  • अपी api — (ind) also; and; though, although.
अपीतु -- but, on the otherhand.
  • अपील api:l — (nf) an appeal.
अपील-अदालत -- the court of appeal.
  • अपुष्ट apushṭ — (a) unconfirmed; unnourished; stunted; hence अपुष्टता (nf).
  • अपूर्ण apu:rṉ — (a) incomplete, unfinished; imperfect, deficient; hence अपूर्णता (nf).
अपूर्णभूत -- past imperfect (tense).
  • अपूर्व apu:rv — (a) unprecedented; novel; unique; hence अपूर्वता (nf).
  • अपेक्षा apeksha: — (ind) (generally preceded by की or the relative case) in comparison with; (nf) expectation, requirement.
अपेक्षाकृत -- comparatively, comparatively speaking.
  • अपेक्षित apekshit — (a) expected; requisite.
  • अपोषण aposhāṉ — (nm) malnutrition.
  • अपौरूषेय apaurushey — (a) divine; not achieved by or belonging tohuman being(s).
  • अप्रकट apprakat — (a) latent, hidden.
  • अप्रकाशित appraka:shit — (a) unpublished; unexposed, undisclosed.
  • अप्रकाश्य appraka:shshy — (a) unworthy of or unfit for publication/disclosure.
  • अप्रकृत apprakrit — (a) abnormal; unnatural; hence अप्रकृतता (nf).
  • अप्रचलन apprachalān — (nm) obsolescence; the state or circumstance of being out of currency.
  • अप्रचलित apprachlit — (a) obsolete, (gone) out of currency; out ofdate, antiquated; hence अप्रचलितता (nf).
  • अप्रज्ञान appraggyā:n — (nm) non-cognizance.
  • अप्रज्ञेय appraggyey — (a) non-cognizable.
  • अप्रतिबंध appratibāndh — (a) unconditional; non-committed.
  • अप्रतिबद्ध appratibaddh — (a) uncommitted, non-committed.
  • अप्रतिभ appratibh — (a) bewildered, thrown out of wits, rendered witless.
  • अप्रतिम appratim — (a) matchless, unique, out and away.
  • अप्रतिष्ठ appratishṭḥ — (a) see अप्रतिष्ठित.
  • अप्रतिष्ठा appratishṭḥa: — (nf) disgrace, disrepute, ignominy.
  • अप्रतिष्ठित appratishṭḥit — (a) disgraced, disreputed, ignominious; unestablished.
  • अप्रतिहत appratihat — (a) unhindered, unhampered; unresisted.
अप्रतिहत गति -- smooth movement, unhamperedmovement.
  • अप्रत्यक्ष apprattyaksh — (a) inapparent; invisible; indirect.
  • अप्रत्यय apprattyay — (nm) lack of conviction/faith; (a) without suffix.
  • अप्रत्याशित apprattya:shit — (a) unexpected; sudden; hence अप्रत्याशितअप्रधान (nf).
  • अप्रधान appradhā:n — (a) secondary, subsidiary; minor; hence अप्रधानता (nf).
  • अप्रभावी apprabha:vi: — (a) ineffective, ineffectual.
  • अप्रयुक्त apprayukt — (a) out of use, unused; obsolete (word).
  • अप्रयोग apprayog — (nm) disuse.
  • अप्रसन्न apprasann — (a) unhappy; displeased; out of sorts.
  • अप्रसन्नता apprasannata: — (nf) unhappiness, displeasure.
  • अप्रसि/द्ध apprasiddh — (a) not celebrated; obscure, little known; hence अप्रसिद्धि (nf).
  • अप्रस्तुत apprastut — (a) indirect, accidental or extraneous; not principal, not being the main subject matter; irrelevant; (nm) the object of comparison (in Rhetorics).
अप्रस्तुत प्रशंसा -- indirect description (afigure of speech).
अप्रस्तुत विधान -- trope.
  • अप्रस्तुति apprastuti — (nf) indirectness; in Rhetorics, the device of indirect description.
  • अप्राकृ/त, अप्राकृतिक appra:kkrit, ~tik — (a) unnatural; abnormal; uncommon; hence अप्राकृतिकता (nf).
  • अप्राप्त appra:pt — (a) unobtained, unachieved, unacquired.
अप्राप्तवय -- minor; of a tender age.
  • अप्राप्ति appra:pti — (nf) non-attainment; non-acquisition.
  • अप्राप्य appra:ppy — (a) unattainable, unobtainable; rare; hence अप्राप्यता (nf).
  • अप्रामाणिक appra:mā:ṉik — (a) unauthoritative; inauthentic; of disputed origin.
  • अप्रामाणिकता appra:mā:ṉikta: — (nf) unauthoritativeness, inauthenticity, lack/absence of authenticityor genuineness.
  • अप्रासंगिक appra:sāṅgik — (a) irrelevant, out of context.
अप्रासंगिक चर्चा -- irrelevant discussion/talk; hence अप्रासंगिकता (nf).
  • अप्रिय appriy — (a) unpleasant, disagreeable offensive.
अप्रियता -- unpleasantness.
  • अप्रैल aprail — (nm) (the month of) April.
  • अप्सरा apsara: — (nf) a celestial damsel, fairy; nymph.
  • अफरना apharna: — (v) see अघाना.
  • अफरा aphra: — (nm) swelling of stomach due to over-eating, indigestion or accumulation of wind.
  • अफ़रा-तफ़री afra:tafri: — (nf) confusion, hurry-skurry; commotion; panic.
  • अफ़लातून afla:tū:n — (nm) a person of overweening pride; boaster (based on the corrupt form of the name of one of the earliest and greatest Greek thinkers—Plato).
अफ़लातून का नाती, अफ़लातून की दुम -- a high-hat, a boaster; an awesome person.
  • अफ़वा/ह afva:h — (nm) a rumour.
अफ़वाह गर्म होना -- the air to be thick with rumours.
अफ़वाह फैलाना -- to give currency to a rumour.
अफ़वाहें उड़ाना -- to indulge in rumour-mongering.
  • अफ़स/र afsar — (nm) an officer.
अफ़सरी -- the post, function or air of an officer; officialism; officialdom.
  • अफ़साना afsa:nā: — (nm) a story, tale.
अफ़सानागो -- a story-teller.
अफ़साना-नवीस/निगार -- a story-writer.
  • अफ़सोस afsos — (nm) sorrow, grief; (int) alas!.
अफ़सोसनाक -- sorrowful, grievous.
  • अफारा apha:ra: — (nm) tympanitis.
  • अफ़ीम afi:m — (nf) opium.
अफ़ीम खाये होना -- to be stupidly incoherent, to be foolishly irrelevant.
  • अफ़ीमची afi:mchi: — (nm) an opium-addict.
  • अबंध-नीति abāndh-nī:ti — (nf) laissez faire.
  • अब ab — (adv) now.
अब का -- recent, modern.
अब की/के -- this time; next time.
अब जाकर -- at long last.
अब-तब करना -- to evade, to dilly-dally.
अब-तब होना -- to be on the verge of death.
अब से -- now onwards, in future.
अब पछताये होत क्या जब चिड़िया चुग गई खेत -- to cry over spilt milk, to waste one's regrets.
  • अबद्ध abaddh — (a) varied; not in bondage, free.
  • अबरक abrak — (nm) mica.
  • अबरी abri: — (nf) marble paper; (a) variegated.
  • अबला abla: — (nf) a member of the weaker sex—a woman.
  • अबाध aba:dh — (a) without restraint; free, smooth.
अबाध गति -- unrestrained movement, smooth pace; hence अबाधता (nf).
  • अबाधित aba:dhit — (a) unrestricted, unrestrained; smooth.
  • अबाबील aba:bi:l — (nf) a swallow.
  • अबी/र abi:r — (nm) a special kind of red powder sprinkled by the Hindus on one another during the Holi festival.
अबीरी -- blackish red, of the colour of अबीर.
  • अबूझ abu:jh — (a) unintelligible; insolvable; insane.
  • अबे abe — (ind) an address expressive of disrespect or intimate relationship; you fellow!.
अबे-तबे करना -- to use contemptuous or rude language.
  • अबोध abodh — (a) innocent; ignorant.
अबोधगम्य -- unintelligible; inconceivable.
  • अबोला abola: — (nm) absence of speaking terms (between one person and another).
  • अब्द abd — (nm) an year.
अब्दकोश -- a year book.
  • अब्धि abdhi — (nm) a sea, an ocean.
  • अब्बा abba: — (nm) father.
अब्बा जान -- father (a respectful term for address or for otherwise mention).
  • अब्राह्मण abbra:hmāṉ — (nm) a non-Brahmaṉ.
  • अभंग abhaṅg — (a) unbroken, unimpaired.
  • अभक्ष्य abhakshy — (a) uneatable, inedible; (nm) forbidden/uneatable food.
  • अभद्र abhaddr — (a) indecent, indecorous; inauspicious.
अभद्रता -- indecency.
  • अभय abhay — (nm) an assurance of safety or protection; fearlessness; (a) fearless, undaunted; safe.
अभय-दान/वचन -- an assurance/pledge of safety or protection.
  • अभागा abha:ga: — (a) unfortunate, accursed, unlucky, ill-starred; hence अभागापन (nm).
  • अभागिन abha:gin — (a) accursed, unlucky/unfortunate (woman).
  • अभागिनी abha:ginī: — (a) see अभागिन.
  • अभाग्य abha:ggy — (nm) misfortune, ill luck.
  • अभा/व abha:v — (nm) want, dearth, deficiency, shortage, lack.
अभावात्मक -- negative.
  • अभावित abha:vit — (a) uncontemplated, unthought of.
  • अभि abhi — a Sanskrit prefix denoting towards, near, over, above, repeated, excessive, etc.
  • अभिकथन abhikathān — (nm) an allegation.
  • अभिकर्ता abhikarta: — (nm) an agent.
  • अभिकल्प abhikalp — (nm) a design.
अभिकल्पक -- a designer.
  • अभिक्रियारिया abhikkriya: — (nf) reaction.
अभिक्रियारियाशील -- reactive.
अभिक्रियारियाशील ता -- reactivity.
  • अभिग्रहण abhiggrahāṉ — (nm) requisition.
  • अभिचा/र abhicha:r — (nm) incantation, employment of spells for a malevolent purpose, sorcery, black magic.
अभिचारक -- one who practises incantation, a conjurer.
अभिचारक्रिया -- witchcraft; sorcery.
अभिचारी -- incantational, incantatory; a conjurer.
  • अभिजात abhija:t — (a) aristocratic, well-born; classic; (nm) an aristocrat, noble.
अभिजात-अभिनय -- classic acting.
अभिजात-कृति -- a classic (work).
अभिजाततंत्र -- aristocracy.
अभिजात-वर्ग -- aristocracy, nobility.
अभिजातवाद -- classicism, aristocracy.
अभिजातवादी -- a classicist; aristocrat.
  • अभिजात्य abhija:tty — (a) aristocratic; classic.
  • अभिज्ञ abhiggy — (a) well-conversant (with), knowing all (about something).
अभिज्ञता -- conversance, familiarity; knowledge.
  • अभिज्ञात abhiggya:t — (a) recognised.
  • अभिज्ञान abhiggyā:n — (nm) recognition; recollection; identification; anagnorisis.
  • अभित्रास abhittra:s — (nm) intimidation.
  • अभिधा abhidha: — (nf) denotation, the literal power or sense of a word.
  • अभिधान abhidhā:n — (nm) a name; noun; nomenclature.
  • अभिधारणा abhidha:rṉā: — (nf) a postulate.
  • अभिधावन abhidha:vān — (nm) expedition, charge.
  • अभिधेय abhidhey — (nm) literal meaning.
  • अभिनं/दन abhināndān — (nm) greeting, reception, a ceremonious welcome; applause.
अभिनंदन-ग्रंथ -- a commemoration volume.
अभिनंदन अभिनं-पत्र -- an address of welcome.
अभिनंदन अभिनं-भाषण -- an address of welcome.
अभिनंदन-समारोह -- a reception.
अभिनंदनीय -- laudable, praiseworthy, fit to be greeted or welcomed.
अभिनंदित -- greeted; applauded, praised.
  • अभिन/ति abhināti — (nf) bias; inclination.
  • अभिनय abhināy — (nm) acting; performing (on the stage).
  • अभिनव abhināv — (a) novel, new; recent.
  • अभिनिवेश abhinivesh — (nm) concentration, deliberation; perseverance.
  • अभिनीत abhini:t — (a) staged, enacted.
  • अभि/नेता abhinēta: — (nm) an actor.
अभिनेत्रि -- an actress.
  • अभिनेय abhiney — (a) actable, stageable.
अभिनेयता -- stageability.
  • अभिन्न abhinn — (a) identical; not different; close, intimate; integral.
अभिन्न अंग -- integral part.
अभिन्नता -- identity; sameness, oneness.
अभिन्न-हृदय -- one/united at heart, very intimate.
  • अभिन्यास abhinnyā:s — (nm) lay-out.
  • अभि/पुष्ट abhipushṭ — (a) affirmed.
अभिपुष्टि -- affirmance.
अभिपोषक -- affirmant.
अभिपोषण -- affirmation.
  • अभिप्राय abhippra:y — (nm) intention; implication; purport; design, import, purpose.
  • अभिप्रेत abhippret — (a) intended, implied; designed.
  • अभिप्रेरण abhipprerāṉ — (nm) motivation; also अभिप्रेरणा (nf).
  • अभिभव abhibhav — (nm) defeat; onslaught, attack.
  • अभिभावक abhibha:vak — (nm) a guardian.
अभिभावकता/अभिभावकत्व -- guardianship.
  • अभिभाषण abhibha:shāṉ — (nm) an address (speech delivered by adignitary).
  • अभिभूत abhibhu:t — (a) overwhelmed; overpowered; overawed.
  • अभिमंत्रित abhimāntrit — (a) consecrated by a मंत्र (see).
  • अभिमत abhimāt — (a) favourite; desired; (nm) an opinion.
  • अभिमध्य abhimaddhy — (a) medial.
  • अभिमान abhimā:n — (nm) pride; vanity, arrogance.
  • अभिमानी abhimā:nī: — (a) proud; vainglorious, arrogant.
  • अभिमुख abhimūkh — (ind) directed towards, facing; disposed to, intending to.
  • अभि/यंता abhiyānta: — (nm) an engineer.
अभियंत्र(।) -- engineering.
  • अभियाचना abhiya:chnā: — (nf) a demand.
  • अभियान abhiyā:n — (nm) a campaign; an expedition.
अभियान-दल -- an expedition.
  • अभियुक्त abhiyukt — (nm and a) (an) accused.
  • अभियोक्ता abhiyokta: — (nm) an accuser.
  • अभियोग abhiyog — (nm) accusation, charge; lawsuit, case; indictment.
  • अभियोगी abhiyogi: — (nm) an accuser.
  • अभियोजन abhiyojān — (nm) prosecution.
  • अभि/रक्षक abhirakshak — (nm) a custodian.
अभिरक्षा -- custody.
  • अभिराम abhirā:m — (a) beautiful, lovely; delightful; hence अभिरामता (nf).
  • अभिरुचि abhiruchi — (nf) taste, liking.
  • अभिलक्षण abhilakshāṉ — (nm) characteristic.
  • अभिलषित abhilashit — (a) cherished, desired, longed for.
  • अभिला/षा abhila:sha: — (nf) desire, yearning, longing, craving, wish; also अभिलाष (nf).
अभिलाषी -- wishing; desiring; a wisher.
  • अभिलिखित abhilikhit — (a) recorded, placed on record.
  • अभिलेख abhilekh — (nm) a record; transcript.
अभिलेख-ग्रंथ -- a record book.
अभिलेखन -- placing on record, making a recordof; transcription.
  • अभिवं/दन abhivāndān — (nm).
अभिवंदना ~nā: (nf) respectful salutation.
अभिवंदनीय, अभिवंद्य -- deserving respectfulsalutation, reverend.
  • अभिवक्ता abhivakta: — (nm) a pleader.
  • अभिवचन abhivachān — (nm) plea; affirmation.
  • अभिवादन abhiva:dān — (nm) deferential salutation; greeting.
  • अभिवृत्ति abhivritti — (nf) attitude; aptitude.
  • अभिवृद्धि abhivriddhi — (nf) prosperity; development; progress.
  • अभिवेचन abhivechan — (nm) censorship.
  • अभिव्यंज/न abhivyāṇjān — (nm) expression.
अभिव्यंजक -- expressive.
अभिव्यंजकता -- expressiveness.
  • अभिव्यंजना abhivyāṇjanā: — (nf) expression; manifestation.
अभिव्यंजनावाद -- expressionism.
  • अभि/व्यंजित abhi/vyāṇjit — अभिव्यक्त अभि{vyakt} (a) expressed; manifested.
  • अभि/व्यक्ति abhivyakti — (nf) expression; manifestation.
अभिव्यक्त -- see अभिव्यंजीत.
  • अभि/शंसा abhishānsa: — (nf) incrimination, crimination; hence अभिशंसन (nm).
  • अभिशंसी abhishānsi: — (nm and a) an incriminator; incriminating, incriminatory.
  • अभिशप्त abhishapt — (a) cursed, accursed.
  • अभिशाप abhisha:p — (nm) a curse.
  • अभिषिक्त abhishikt — (a) consecrated; enthroned.
  • अभिषेक abhishek — (nm) inaugurating or consecrating (by sprinklingwater); inauguration of a king, royal function.
  • अभिसंधि abhisāndhi — (nf) a conspiracy, plot.
  • अभिसमय abhisamāy — (nm) a convention (written agreement).
  • अभिसरण abhisarāṉ — (nm) going towards a point for meeting; rendezvous (of lovers); convergence.
  • अभिसाक्ष्य abhisa:kshy — (nm) deposition; a statement on oath.
  • अभिसार abhisa:r — (nm) meeting; rendezvous (of lovers).
  • अभिसारिका abhisa:rika: — (nf) a woman who goes to meet her loveror keeps an assignation.
  • अभिसारी abhisa:ri: — (a) convergent.
  • अभिसूचक abhisu:chak — (nm) an index.
  • अभिहित abhihit — (a) named, designated; called.
अभिहित संधि -- gentlemen's agreement.
  • अभी abhi: — (adv) just now, this moment.
अभी दम में दम है -- to show fight, has fight (in him) yet.
  • अभीष्ट abhi:shṭ — (a) desired, cherished.
अभीष्ट लक्ष्य -- desired goal, cherished aim.
अभीष्ट लाभ -- attainment of what is desired.
अभीष्ट सिद्धि -- attainmentof the desired objective/ thing.
  • अभीप्सित abhi:psit — (a) desired, wished for, cherished.
  • अभुक्त abhukt — (a) unfulfilled, ungratified; unenjoyed; unused.
  • अभूतपूर्व abhu:tpu:rv — (a) unprecedented; (that has) never existed before; hence अभूतपूर्वता (nf).
  • अभेद abhed — (nm) identity, oneness; hence अभेदता (nf).
  • अभेद्य abheddy — (a) indivisible; indistinguishable; impregnable, impenetrable; hence अभेद्यता (nf).
  • अभोग्य abhoggy — (a) forbidden, unworthy of being enjoyed or used.
  • अभौतिक abhautik — (a) unearthly, not material or mundane, not relatedto or produced by the gross elements, celestial.
  • अभ्यंतर abbhyantar — (nm and a) interior; inside.
  • अभ्यनुकूलन abbhyanuku:lān — (nm) (the act or process of) adaptation.
  • अभ्य/र्थन, अभ्यर्थना abbhya/rthān — (nm), अभ्य{rthanā:} (nf) welcome, reception; supplication, request.
अभ्यर्थनीय -- deserving welcome or reception; worthrequesting (for); worth supplication.
अभ्यर्थित -- welcomed; supplicated.
  • अभ्यर्थी abbhyarthi: — (nm) a welcomer; suppliant; candidate.
  • अभ्यर्पण abbhyarpāṉ — (nm) surrender.
  • अभ्यस्त abbhyast — (a) accustomed, habituated; habitual; trained, skilled.
अभ्यस्त होना -- to be used to; tohave at one's finger tips.
  • अभ्याक्रमण abbhya:kkramāṉ — (nm) assailance.
अभ्याक्रमण करना -- to assail.
अभ्याक्रमणकारी -- assailant; assailing.
  • अभ्यागत abbhya:gat — (nm) a guest, visitor.
  • अभ्यारोपण abbhya:ropāṉ — (nm) indictment.
अभ्यारोपण सार -- abstract of indictment.
  • अभ्या/स abbhya:s — (nm) practice; exercise; habituation.
अभ्यासी -- well-up, trained; practising, carrying onpractice/training.
  • अभ्यु/त्थान abbhyutthā:n — (nm) rise, rising; elevation; hence अभ्युत्थित (a).
  • अभ्यु/दय abbhyuday — (nm) rise, rising (of luminaries); rising (to prosperity, happiness, etc.); advent; aggrandizement; hence अभ्युदित (a).
  • अभ्र abbhr — (nm) cloud; the sky.
अभ्रभेदी -- sky-high.
  • अभ्रक abbhrak — (nm) see अबरक.
  • अमंगल amāṅgal — (nm) inauspiciousness; evil; disaster.
  • अमंद amānd — (a) not slow, quick; bright.
  • अमचूर amchu:r — (nm) dried mango parings (used as spice).
  • अमन amān — (nm) peace, tranquillity.
अमन-अमान -- peace and order.
अमन-चैन -- peace and happiness.
अमनपसंद -- peaceful, pacific, peace-loving.
अमनपसंदी -- pacifism, peace-lovingness, thestate or mental attitude of likingpeace.
  • अमर amar — (a) immortal, eternal, undying; (nm) a god, deity.
अमरबेल -- parasite creeper (Cuscuta reflexa).
  • अमरता amarta: — (nf) immortality; also अमरतात्व (nm).
  • अमराई amra:i: — (nf) a mango-grove.
  • अमरी/का amri:ka: — (nm) (the United States of) America.
अमरीकी -- (an) American.
  • अमरूद amru:d — (nm) guava.
  • अमर्त्य amartty — (a) immortal, deathless, eternal.
अमर्त्यलोक -- the heaven अमर्त्य abode of gods.
  • अमर्दित amardit — (a) unvanquished, unassailed; undaunted.
  • अमर्या/द amarya:d — (a) violating defined limits (of propriety); intemperate; improper.
अमर्यादा -- intemperance; affront; indignity.
अमर्यादित -- intemperate; immodest; undignified; violating defined limits (ofpropriety).
  • अमल amal — (nm) action, execution; application; addiction.
अमल-दरामद -- formal proceedings.
अमलदारी -- reign, rule, authority, jurisdiction; sway.
अमल-पानी करना -- to take some intoxicating drink; to have a drinkingsession.
अमल में लाना -- to execute, toimplement.
  • अमलतास amalta:s — (nm) Cassia fistula —an Indian medicinal plant used as a purgative.
  • अमलदारी amalda:ri: — (nf) see अमल (अमलदारीदारी).
  • अमला amla: — (nm) staff; paraphernalia.
  • अमली amli: — (a) practical; (nm) an addict.
अमली जामा पहनाना -- to translateinto action, to put into practice.
  • अमाँ āmā: — (ind) man ! O !.
  • अमांगलिक amā:ṅgalik — (a) inauspicious, ominous, ill-foreboding.
  • अमात्य ama:tty — (nm) a minister.
  • अमान ama:n — (nf) assurance of protection/security.
  • अमानक amā:nāk — (a) non-standard, below standard; not conforming.
  • अमानत amā:nāt — (nf) something given in trust, a deposit.
अमानतदार -- atrustee.
अमानत में ख़यानत करना -- to commit breach of trust (by grabbingthe thing entrusted).
  • अमानती amā:nati: — (a) deposited or given in trust.
  • अमानवीय amā:navi:y — (a) inhuman, cruel.
अमानवीय तत्व -- inhuman element; abstraction; hence अमानवीयता (nf).
  • अमानी amā:nī: — (a) casual labour; time/daily wages; prideless, without arrogance.
  • अमानुषिक ama:nūshik — (a) inhuman; beastly; cruel; hence अमानुषिकता (nf).
  • अमान्य amā:nny — (a) unacceptable; not respectable; invalid.
अमान्यता -- invalidity, non-acceptability; non-recognition.
  • अमालनामा amā:lnā:mā: — (nm) a dossier.
  • अमावट amā:vaṭ — (nf) dried juice of ripe mango formed into thin cakes.
  • अमाव/स, अमावस्या amā:vas, ~sya: — (nf), the last day of the dark fortnight.
  • अमीट amiṭ — (a) indelible, ineffaceable; indestructible.
अमीट छाप -- indelible imprint.
  • अमीत amit — (a) unmeasured, boundless; immense, enormous.
  • अमिताभ amita:bh — (a) possessing unlimited brilliance; (nm) a nameof Lord Buddha.
  • अमिश्र amishshr — (a) unmixed, unadulterated; pure.
  • अमिश्रित amishshrit — (a) unmixed, unadulterated; pure; hence अमिश्रितता (nf).
  • अमीन amī:n — (nm) a junior officer appointed for land survey andrevenue collection.
  • अमीर ami:r — (a) rich, wealthy; (nm) a rich man; a chieftain.
अमीर-ग़रीब -- haves and have-nots.
अमीरज़ादा -- sonof a rich man; an aristocrat bybirth; hence अमीरज़ादी (nf).
अमीराना -- lordly, princely.
  • अमीरी ami:ri: — (nf) richness, wealthiness.
  • अमुक amuk — (a) such and such, so and so.
  • अमूर्त amu:rt — (a) abstract; intangible, incorporeal.
अमूर्त कला -- abstract art.
अमूर्त कविता -- abstract poem.
अमूर्त गुण -- abstract quality.
अमूर्त तत्व/अमूर्तता -- abstraction.
अमूर्त दृश्य-विधान/विन्यास -- abstract setting.
अमूर्तवाद -- abstractionism.
अमूर्तवादी -- abstractionist. (ic).
  • अमूल्य amu:lly — (a) priceless; valuable, precious.
  • अमृत ammrit — (nm) nectar.
अमृत-वाणी -- life-giving words; reviving/inspiring speech.
  • अमृतबान ammritbā:n — (nm) a jar.
  • अमेय amey — (a) immeasurable, limitless.
  • अमोघ amogh — (a) unfailing, unerring; infallible.
  • अमौलिक amaulik — (a) not original; not fundamental; secondary; hence अमौलिकता (nf).
  • अम्माँ ammā: — (nf) mother.
  • अम्ल aml — (nm) acid; (a) sour.
अम्लता -- acidity; sourness.
  • अम्लान amlā:n — (a) unwithered; bright, fresh; hence अम्लानता (nf).
  • अम्हौरी amhauri: — (nf) prickly heat.
  • अयंत्रित ayāntrit — (a) unrestricted, uncontrolled.
  • अयत ayat — (a) uncontrolled; immoderate.
  • अयथा ayatha: — (ind) otherwise, not as it should be.
  • अयथार्थ ayatha:rth — (a) unreal, false; virtual.
अयथार्थता -- unreality.
  • अयश ayash — (nm) disgrace, infamy.
  • अयस्क ayask — (nm) an ore.
  • अयाचित aya:chit — (a) unsolicited, unasked for.
  • अयाल aya:l — (nf) mane.
  • अयुक्त ayukt — (a) incompatible; illogical; absurd; unseemly; free, unjointed.
अयुक्तता -- incompatibility; absurdity; the state of being freeor unjointed.
  • अयुक्ति ayukti — (nf) irrationality; absence of any logic or relevance, incompatibility.
  • अयुग्मिता ayugmīta: — (nf) agamy.
  • अयोग्य ayoggy — (a) incompetent; unworthy; unqualified; unfit.
अयोग्यता -- unfitness; disqualification; inability.
  • अयोध्दा ayoddha: — (nm) non-combatant.
  • अयोधी ayodhi: — (a) non-combatant.
  • अयोनिज ayonij — (a) non-placental.
  • अयौगिक ayaugik — (a) non-compound; elemental; crude.
  • अरंडी arāṉḍi: — (nf) castor oil or plant.
  • अर ar — (nm) a spoke; ray.
  • अरक़ araq — (nm) see अर्क़.
  • अरक्षित arakshit — (a) insecure; unprotected, not defended; hence अरक्षितता (nf).
  • अरगनी arganī: — (nf) clothesline, a rope wire or bamboo used forhanging clothes on.
  • अरण्य araṉṉy — (nm) forest; wilderness.
अरण्यरोदन -- crying in wilderness (which attracts no one), an unavailing exercise.
  • अरथाना arthā:nā: — (v) to explain (the meaning of); to make explicit.
  • अरना arnā: — (nm) a wild buffallo.
  • अरब Arab — (a) a thousand million; (nm) an Arab; the Arab country.
  • अरबी arbi: — (nf) the Arabic language; (a) Arabian; pertaining to theland of Arabs.
  • अरमान armā:n — (nm) aspiration, longing.
अरमान धूल में मिलना -- to layone's aspirations in the dust.
अरमान निकालना -- to have one's fling, to have it out; to have one's fulfilment.
अरमान रह जाना -- not to haveone's aspirations materialised.
अरमानों की होली जलाना -- to blastone's aspirations.
अरमानों पर पाला पड़ना -- one's aspirations to beshattered.
  • अरविंद arvīnd — (nm) a lotus flower.
  • अरवी arvi: — (nf) a kind of taro.
  • अरसठ arsaṭḥ — (a and nm) see अड़सठ.
  • अरसा arsa: — (nm) period, duration; interval.
  • अरसिक arasik — (a) dry, prosaic; inaesthetic; hence अरसिकता (nf).
  • अरहर arhar — (nf) pigeon pea, a kind of cereal or pulse—Cajanus Indicus.
  • अरा ara: — (nf) see अर.
  • अराजक ara:jak — (a) destitute/bereft of a ruler; anarchical; chaotic.
  • अराजकता ara:jakta: — (nf) anarchy; chaos.
अराजकतावाद -- anarchism.
अराजकतावादिता -- anarchism.
अराजकतावादी -- (an) anarchist.
  • अरारोट ara:roṭ — (nm) arrow-root.
  • अराल ara:l — (a) bent, slanting; crooked.
  • अरावल ara:val — (nm) the vanguard.
  • अरि ari — (nm) an enemy, a hostile person.
  • अरिष्ट arishṭ — (a and nm) embodying misfortune, disastrous; misfortune, disaster.
  • अरीय ari:y — (a) radial.
  • अरूचि aruchi — (nf) dislike, aversion; distaste.
अरूचिकर -- disgusting, loathing; unpalatable.
  • अरूण arūṉ — (a) reddish-brown, ruddy; (nm) the dawn (personified as thecharioteer of the Sun).
अरूणचूड़/शिखा -- a cock.
  • अरुणाचल aruṉa:chal — (nm) the newly created (1972) eastern State of theIndian Union.
  • अरुणाभ arūṉa:bh — (a) ruddy, having a reddish tinge.
  • अरुणिमा aruṉīmā: — (nf) reddish brown tinge/colour.
  • अरुणोदय arūṉōday — (nm) day-break.
  • अरूढ़ aru:ṛḥ — (a) not established; obscure.
  • अरूप aru:p — (a) formless.
  • अरे are — (int) O !, a form of address (used for inferiors or juniors).
अरे-अरे -- stop this !, what is that !, why are you doing that ?.
  • अरोचक arochak — (a) uninteresting; boring; hence अरोचकता (nf).
  • अर्क ark — (nm) the sun; swallow wart (Ascelpias gigantia).
  • अर्क़ arq — (nm) essence; extract.
  • अर्ग/ल, अर्गला argal — (nm), अर्ग{la:} (nf) a log for fastening a door, draw-bar.
  • अर्घ argh — (nm) libation (in honour of a deity); value, price.
अर्घदान -- offering of libation.
अर्घपात्र -- a small vessel used for offering libation.
  • अर्घ्य arghy — (nm) things worth offering (to a deity, etc.) as argh (see above).
  • अर्च/न, ना archā/n — (nm), अर्च{nā:} (nf) worship, adoration.
अर्चनीय -- adorable, fit to be worshipped.
अर्चित -- worshipped; adored.
  • अर्चा archa: — (nf) see अर्चन.
  • अर्ज़ arz — (nf) request, supplication; width.
अर्ज़दाश्त -- see अर्दास.
अर्ज़मंद -- supplicant, one making a submission/request.
अर्ज़हाल -- submission, appeal.
  • अर्जन arjān — (nm) acquisition; earning.
अर्जनशील -- acquisitive; earning.
अर्जक -- acquirer; earner.
अर्जनीय -- worthearning or acquiring.
अर्जित -- acquired; earned.
अर्जन करना -- to acquire/earn.
  • अर्ज़ी arzi: — (nf) an application; petition.
अर्ज़ीदार -- an applicant; a petitioner.
  • अर्ज़ीदावा arzi:da:va: — (nm) a plaint, a petition submitted by the plaintiff in a court of law.
  • अर्ज़ीनवीस arzi:navi:s — (nm) a petition-writer.
  • अर्णव arṉāv — (nm) a sea, an ocean.
  • अर्थ arth — (nm) meaning; import, sense; wealth, money; (ind) for, for the sake of.
अर्थकर/करी -- profitable.
अर्थगत -- semantic, pertaining tomeaning; economic.
अर्थगर्भित -- significant, pregnant with meaning.
अर्थ-गौरव -- profoundity of meaning.
अर्थ-च्छवि/अर्थच्छाया -- nuance.
अर्थतः -- actually; from the point of view ofmeaning.
अर्थ-पिशाच -- a money-grabber.
अर्थ-प्रबन्ध -- financial arrangement/management.
अर्थवता -- significance.
अर्थ-संबंधी -- economic.
अर्थसिद्धि -- fulfilment of a purpose.
  • अर्थक्रिया/वाद arthkriya:va:d — (nm) pragmatism.
अर्थक्रियावादी -- a pragmatist; pragmatic.
  • अर्थदंड arthadāṉḍ — (nm) a fine, penalty.
  • अर्थनीति arthanī:ti — (nf) economic policy.
  • अर्थ-मानव arth-mā:nav — (nm) the economic man.
  • अर्थमिति arthmiti — (nf) econometrics.
  • अर्थवाद arthva:d — (nm) eulogium; praise; explanation of the meaningof a precept.
  • अर्थवादी arthva:di: — (a and nm) epideictic; eulogist.
  • अर्थ/विज्ञान arthviggyā:n — (nm) semantics.
अर्थवैज्ञानिक -- semantic.
  • अर्थव्यवस्था arthvyavastha: — (nf) economy; economics; economic set-up/system.
  • अर्थ/शास्त्र arthsha:str — (nm) Economics.
अर्थशास्त्री -- an economist.
अर्थशास्त्रीय -- economic.
  • अर्थहीन arthhī:n — (a) meaningless, absurd; moneyless.
  • अर्थांतर artha:ntar — (nm) a different meaning; semantic variation.
  • अर्थात artha:t — (ind) that is, that is to say, namely (viz.).
  • अर्थालंकार artha:lāṅka:r — (nm) meaning-based figure of speech.
  • अर्थी arthi: — (nf) a bier; (nm) a petitioner; (a) desirous; suppliant.
  • अर्थेतर arthetar — (a) non-pecuniary; non-semantic.
  • अर्दली ardali: — (nm) an orderly, attendant.
  • अर्दास arda:s — (nf) a representation; request, an entreaty.
  • अर्ध ardh — (a) semi अर्ध-, demi अर्ध-; half; moiety.
अर्धविराम -- semi-colon.
अर्धसाप्ताहिक -- semi-weekly, bi-weekly.
  • अर्धचंद्र ardhchāndr — (nm) crescent, half-moon.
अर्धचंद्राकार -- crescent-shaped; semilunar.
अर्धचंद्र देना -- to push/throw out by the neck.
  • अर्धनारीश्वर ardhna:ri:shshwar — (nm) Lord Shiv as envisaged in fusion with Goddess Pa:rvati:.
  • अर्धमागधी ardhma:gadhi: — (nf) the form of Pra:krit (language) once current in that part of India which is now roughly covered by Awadhi:, Bagheli:, and Chhatti:sgaṛḥi: dialects.
  • अर्ध/वृत्त ardhvritt — (nm) semi-circle.
अर्धवृत्ताकार -- semi-circular.
  • अर्धव्यास ardhvya:s — (nm) radius.
  • अर्धसाप्ताहिक ardhsa:pta:hik — (a) biweekly; semi-weekly.
  • अर्धांग ardhā:ṅg — (nm) hemiplegia.
  • अर्धांगिनी ardhā:ṅginī: — (nf) wife, better half.
  • अर्धाली ardha:li: — (nf) two successive feet of a चौपाई.
  • अर्पण arpāṉ — (nm) an offering; surrender(ing); assignment; cession.
  • अर्बुद arbud — (nm) the number thousand million.
  • अर्भक arbhak — (nm) a young one, an infant.
  • अर्र-बर्र arr-barr — (nf) see अंड-बंड.
  • अर्राना arra:nā: — (v) to crash down, to tumble down, to fall down with a violent noise.
  • अर्वाचीन arva:chī:n — (a) modern, new, recent; hence अर्वाचीनता (nf).
  • अर्श arsh — (nm) haemorrhoids; sky, heaven.
अर्श से फ़र्श तक -- from heaven to earth.
  • अर्हंत arhānt — (a) qualified; competent; (nm) names of Lords Jin, Buddha & Shiv.
  • अर्ह arh — (a) qualified; competent.
  • अर्हता arhata: — (nf) qualification; competence.
  • अलं/करण alaṅkarāṉ — (nm) ornamentation, embellishment, adornment; hence अलंकर्ता (nm), अलंकृत (a), अलंकृति (nf).
  • अलंकार alāṅka.r — (nm) embellishment; ornament; figure of speech.
अलंकार-शास्त्र -- Rhetorics.
अलंकार-शीस्त्री -- a rhetorician.
अलंकारशास्त्रीय -- rhetoric.
  • अलंघनीय, अलंघ्य alāṅghnī:y, alāṅgghy — (a) insurmountable, insuperable; inviolable; peremptory.
  • अलक alak — (nf) a curl, a lock of hair.
अलकीवली -- locks of hair, hair-do.
  • अलकतरा alkatra: — (nm) coal-tar, tar.
  • अलकोहल alkohal — (nm) alcohol.
  • अलक्तक alaktak — (nm) see अलता.
  • अलक्षित alakshit — (a) unperceived, unnoticed; unmarked.
  • अलक्ष्य alakshy — (a) imperceptible; unnoticeable; latent.
  • अलख alakh — (a) see अलक्ष्य; (nm) The Invisible.
अलख निरंजन -- The Invisible.
अलख जगाना -- to rise oneself and toarouse others in the name of TheInvisible.
  • अलग alag — (a and adv) separate, apart, aloof; distinct.
अलग-अलग -- individually; separately; distinctly.
अलग-थलग -- aloof, isolated.
अलग होना -- to be in menses, to be away.
  • अलगनी alganī: — (nf) see अरगनी.
  • अल/ग़रज़ algaraz — (a) careless, negligent.
  • अलगाना algā:nā: — (v) to set apart, to separate; to isolate, to segregate; to disengage; to disunite.
  • अलगाव alga:v — (nm) isolation, separation; breach; secession, segregation.
  • अलगोज़ा algoza: — (nm) a kind of flute, flageolet.
  • अलगौझा algaujha: — (nm) partition, division; separation.
  • अलग्न alagn — (a) loose; untagged; unattached.
  • अलता alta: — (nm) a lack-dye used by Hindu women for staining theirfeet red.
  • अलफ़ alaf — .
अलफ़ होना -- said of a horse standing upright on hind legs; tobe wrathful, to get restive.
  • अलबत्ता albatta: — (ind) nevertheless; of course.
  • अलबम albām — (nm) an album.
  • अलबेला albela: — (nm) a dandy, beau; (a) dandy, foppish, frivolous; hence अलबेलापन (nm).
  • अलभ्य alabbhy — (a) rare; unattainable, unobtainable; hence अलभ्यता (nf).
  • अलम/बरदार alāmbarda:r — (nm) a standard-bearer.
अलमबरदारी -- standard-bearing.
  • अलमस्त almāst — (a) carefree, sprightly, gay.
  • अलमारी alma:ri: — (nf) an almirah, a cupboard.
  • अलमूनियम almū:nīyām — (nm) aluminium.
  • अलम् alām — (ind) enough!, that will do !.
  • अलर्क alark — (nm) a rabid dog.
अलर्क रोग -- rabies, hydrophobia.
  • अललटप्पू alalṭappu: — (a) see अटकलपच्चू.
  • अललबछेड़ा alalbachheṛa: — (nm) a young colt; an adolescent steppinginto youth.
  • अलवान alvā:n — (nf) a kind of woollen shawl.
  • अलस alas — (a) slothful, lazy, sluggish; slackened.
  • अलसाना alsā:nā: — (v) to be slack or sluggish, to feel lazy, to be overtaken by inertia.
  • अलसी alsi: — (nf) linseed.
अलसी का तेल -- linseed oil.
  • अलस्सुबह alassubah — (nf) early morning, day-break.
  • अलसेट alseṭ — (nf) (deliberate) obstruction; dilatory tactics.
अलसेट डालना -- to create an obstruction.
  • अलह/दा alehda: — (a) separate; aloof.
अलहदगी -- separation; aloofness.
  • अलात ala:t — (nm) a fire-brand.
अलात-चक्र -- a circle caused by whirling fire-brand.
  • अलाप ala:p — (nm) see आलाप.
अलाप लेना; -- to tune the voice (for singing).
  • अलापना ala:pnā: — (v) to tune the voice, to pitch or raise the voice; to sing (on).
  • अलाभ ala:bh — (nm) disadvantage; harm.
अलाभकर -- disadvantageous; harmful.
  • अलामत ala:māt — (nf) sign, symptom.
  • अलार्म ala:rm — (nm) alarm (of an alarm clock).
अलार्म घड़ी -- an alarm-clock, alarm-watch.
  • अलाव ala:v — (nm) a bonfire for warming up the body; camp-fire.
  • अलावा ala:va: — (ind) besides, in addition to; apart from; except.
  • अलिंगी aliṅgi: — (a) asexual.
अलिंगी जनन -- asexual reproduction.
  • अलिंद alind — (nm) a terrace.
  • अलि ali — (nm) see भौंरा.
  • अलिखित alikhit — (a) unwritten, unrecorded, unscripted.
  • अलिप्त alipt — (a) unattached; indifferent; unbiased; hence अलिप्तता (nf).
  • अलिफ़ alif — (nm) the first letter of the.
  • अलीन alī:n — (nf) a side pillar.
  • अलील ali:l — (a) indisposed, ailing.
  • अलोना alonā: — (a) without salt; tasteless; insipid.
  • अलोप alop — (a) disappeared, vanished.
  • अलौकिक alaukik — (a) unearthly, heavenly, celestial; phenomenal; transcendental, supernatural; hence अलौकिकता (nf).
अलौकिक दृश्य -- feast/sight forthe gods.
  • अल्प alp — (a) a little, small; minute; short; few.
अल्पकालिक -- short-lived; temporary; short-term.
अल्पजनतंत्र -- oligarchy.
अल्पजीवी -- short-lived, fugacious.
अल्पतंत्र -- oligarchy.
अल्पतम -- minimum, minimal.
अल्पता -- smallness, minuteness; insignificance.
अल्पदृश्यता -- obscurity.
अल्पदृष्टि -- short-sighted, not far-sighted.
अल्पप्राण -- unaspirated; vigourless, lackingvitality.
अल्पबुद्धि -- a nitwit, silly; idiot.
अल्पभाषी -- taciturn; reserved.
अल्पमत -- minority.
अल्पमूल्यन -- under-valuation.
अल्पवय -- underage.
अल्प-विराम -- comma.
अल्पशः -- by bits, in small quantities.
अल्पसंख्यक -- minority (group, party, community, etc.).
अल्पसंख्यक वर्ग -- minority group.
अल्पसंख्या -- minority.
अल्पायु -- of young age; shortlived; ephemeral.
अल्पाहार -- abstemiousness, abstinence (in respect offood).
अल्पाहारी -- abstemious, abstinent (in respect of food).
  • अल्लम-गल्लम allām-gallām — (nm) odds and ends; all kinds of trash, edibles and inedibles; (अल्लम-गल्लम चीज़ें) cheese parings.
  • अल्लाह alla:h — (nm) God.
अल्लाहताला -- God, the Great.
अल्लाहबेली -- God preserveyou!, Godspeed !, Adieu!.
अल्लाह की गाय -- simple, innocent and artless man, a simpleton.
अल्लाह को प्यारा होना -- tokick the bucket, to expire.
अल्लाहोअकबर -- God is great !.
  • अल्हड़ alhaṛ — (a) carefree, having carefreeness reinforced by child-likesimplicity and a touch of innocence.
अल्हड़ अवस्था -- neither hay norgrass.
अल्हड़पन -- carefree and innocentnature.
  • अव av — a Sanskrit prefix denoting after, downwards, smallness or diminution, decay, determination, etc.
  • अवकरण avkarāṉ — (nm) reduction.
  • अवकलन avkalān — (nm) differentiation.
अवकलन गणित -- differential calculus.
  • अलकाश avka:sh — (nm) leisure; leave of absence; recess; ether, space.
अलकाश ग्रहण करना -- to retire, to go intoretirement.
अलकाश-प्राप्त -- retired.
अवकाशिक -- spatial.
  • अवगत avgat — (a) apprised; informed.
अवगत करना/रखना/होना -- to apprise or inform/to keep apprised or informed/to be apprised or informed; hence अवगति (nf).
  • अवगाहन avga:hān — (nm) immersion, bathing; profound study, deepdelve; also अवगाह (nm).
  • अवगुं/ठन avgūṉṭḥān — (nm) veiling, hiding; a veil.
अवगुंठित -- veiled, coveredwith a veil, screened.
  • अवगुण avgūṉ — (nm) defect, demerit; vice; fault.
अवगुणी -- demeritorious, of vicious disposition.
  • अवचार avcha:r — (nm) misconduct.
  • अवचेत/न avchetān — (nm and a) (the) subconscious.
अवचेतना -- sub-consciousmind.
  • अवच्छिन्न avachchhinn — (a) cut off, separated.
  • अवच्छेद avachchhed — (nm) cutting off, separation; a part/portion; hence अवच्छेदन (nm), अवच्छेदक (a).
  • अवज्ञा avaggya: — (nf) contempt, disregard; defiance; insubordination; hence अवज्ञेय (a).
  • अवतंस avtāns — (nm) crown; ornament.
  • अवतरण avtarāṉ — (nm) descent; a passage; quotation.
अवतरण-चिह्म -- quotation marks (" ").
  • अवतरित avtarit — (a) descended; become incarnate; quoted.
  • अवतल avtal — (a) concave.
अवतलता -- concavity.
  • अवतार avta:r — (nm) an incarnation.
अवतारवाद -- the theory of incarnation.
अवतार धरना/लेना -- to become incarnate.
  • अवतारी avta:ri: — (a) incarnate, the source of incarnation; superhuman.
  • अवतीर्ण avti:rṉ — (a) descended; incarnated.
  • अवद्य avaddy — (a) faulty, having blemishes; worthless.
  • अवधान avdhā:n — (nm) attention; concentration; alertness; hence अवधानता (nf).
  • अवधा/रण avdha:rāṉ — (nm) conception; determination.
अवधारणा -- concept; hence अवधारित (a), अवधार्य (a).
  • अवधि avadhi — (nf) period; time; limit; term; duration.
अवधि निर्धारितकरना/बदना -- to set a deadline.
  • अवधी avdhi: — (nf) a dialect of Hindi spoken in parts of easternUttar Pradesh.
  • अवधूत avdhu:t — (nm) a (peculiar type of) religious mendicant; (a) roughand rugged (man).
  • अव/नत avnāt — (a) bent; fallen; depressed; deteriorated; recessed.
अवनति -- bending; falling, deterioration; recession; depression; demotion.
  • अवनमन avnāmān — (nm) depression; bowing down, bending.
  • अवनयन avnāyān — (nm) bringing down, causing fall or decline.
  • अवनि avāni — (nf) the earth.
अवनिपति -- a king, ruler.
  • अवपात avpa:t — (nm) slump; depression.
  • अवपीड़न avpi:ṛān — (nm) coercion, duress.
  • अवप्रेरण avprerāṉ — (nm) abetment.
  • अवबोध avbodh — (nm) understanding; hence अवबोधक (a), अवबोधन (nm).
  • अवमान, अवमानना avmā:n — (nm), ~anā (nf) humiliation; disrespect; indignity; contempt; hence अवमानित(a).
  • अवयव avayav — (nm) a part, portion; member; limb; component, ingredient; a member or componentpart of logical argument of syllogism.
अवयवी -- the whole consisting of members/limbs/organs.
  • अवयस्क avayask — (a) minor.
अवयस्कता -- minority, the state of being aminor.
  • अवर avar — (a) low; inferior; under; puisne; junior.
अवरता -- juniority; inferiority.
  • अवरुद्ध avruddh — (a) obstructed, hindered, impeded; restrained; impounded; arrested; hence अवरुद्धता (nf).
  • अवरोध avrodh — (nm) an obstruction, hindrance, impediment; restraint; taboo; hence अवरोधक (a), अवरोधन (nm).
  • अवरोह avroh — (nm) a descent; act of descending.
  • अवरोहण avrohāṉ — (nm) descending.
अवरोहण-क्रम -- descending order.
  • अवरोही avrohi: — (a) descending, falling.
  • अवर्ण avarṉ — (a) colourless; casteless.
  • अवर्णनीय, अवर्ण्य avarṉani:y, avarṉy — (a) indescribable, defying description; ineffable.
  • अवलं/ब avlāmb — (nm) support, stay; dependence; prop.
अवलंबन -- dependence; support; hence अवलंबी (a).
  • अवलंबित avalambit — (a) supported; depended.
  • अवलि, अवली avali, avli: — (nf) a row; range; continuous line; series.
  • अवलेह avleh — (nm) jelly; confection.
  • अवलो/क, अवलोकन avlo/k, ~kān — (nm) seeing, beholding, viewing; perusal; scanning.
अवलोकनीय, अवलोक्य -- worthseeing.
अवलोकित -- seen, beholded; perused.
  • अवलोकनार्थ avalokana:rth — (ind) for perusal, for being seen.
  • अवश avash — (a) helpless, forlorn; hence अवशता (nf).
  • अवशिष्ट avshishṭ — (a) left; remaining; residuary; residual; (nm) residue, remnant.
  • अवशीत avshi:t — (a) chilly.
अवशीतन -- (the process of) chilling.
  • अवशेष avshesh — (nm) remnant, remains, residue, residum; vestige; relics; (a) remaining, residual.
  • अवशोषक avshoshak — (nm) absorbant; absorbing.
  • अवश्यंभा/वी avashshyāmbha:vi: — (a) certain; inevitable.
अवश्यंभाविता -- certainty; inevitability.
  • अवश्य avashshy — (adv) certainly, definitely; necessarily.
अवश्यमेव -- without fail, certainly; undoubtedly.
  • अवसन्न avsann — (a) despondent, dejected, dismayed; languid.
  • अवसन्नता avsannāta: — (nf) languor, prostration; despondency.
  • अवसर avsar — (nm) opportunity, chance; occasion; scope.
अवसरवाद, अवसरवादिता -- opportunism, the tendencyto put expediency before principle; the mentality of time-serving.
अवसरवादी -- opportunist(ic).
अवसर चूकना -- to miss an opportunity.
अवसर ताकना -- to seek an opportunity.
अवसर न चूकना/अवसर-हाथ से न जाने देना -- to take time bythe forelock.
अवसर हाथ आना -- to get achance.
  • अवसाद avsa:d — (nm) lassitude, langour; dejection; hence अवसादजनक(a).
  • अवसान avsā:n — (nm) end; terminal; termination; death.
अवसित -- terminated, ended.
  • अवस्था avastha: — (nf) condition, state; age; stage; phase, despondency.
  • अव/स्थान avsthā:n — (nm) phase; hence अवस्थित (a), अवस्थिति (nf).
  • अवस्फी/ति avasphi:ti — (nf) deflation.
अवस्फीत -- deflated.
  • अवहित avhit — (a) alert; attentive; concentrative.
  • अवहे/लना, अवहेला avhelnā:, ~la: — (nf) neglect; disdain, contempt; hence अवहेलित (a).
  • अवांछनीय avā:ṇchhanī:y — (a) undesirable; unwelcome; hence अवांछनीयता (nf).
  • अवांछित avā:ṇchhit — (a) unwanted, unwelcome; undesired.
  • अवांतर avā:ntar — (a) secondary; intermediate, intermediary.
अवांतर भेद -- secondary classification, subdivision.
  • अवाक् ava:k — (a) speechless; stunned.
  • अवाच्य ava:chchy — (a) unworthy of utterance, अवाच्यता (nf).
  • अवाप्त avavpt — (a) acquired.
  • अवाम ava:m — (nm) the people, common man.
  • अवास्तव ava:stav — (a) unreal, false.
  • अवास्तविक ava:stavik — (a) unrealistic, unreal, false; hence अवास्तविकता (nf).
  • अविकच avikach — (a) unbloomed, unblossomed.
  • अविकल avikal — (a) intact; unabridged (as अविकल रुपांतर).
  • अविकल्प avikalp — (a) without an alternative; certain.
  • अविकार avika:r — (a) immutable, not liable to change/mutation; invariable.
  • अवि/कारी avika:ri: — (a) immutable, not subject to mutation or variation; direct (form); indeclinable.
अविकार्य -- immutable, indeclinable.
  • अविकास avika:s — (nm) aplasia, absence.
  • अविकृ/त avikkrit — (a) unimpaired; not mutilated, not deformed; intact.
अविकृति -- immutation, indeformity.
  • अविगत avigat — (a) not past; present.
  • अविचल avichal — (a) steady; motionless; firm, unswerving; hence अविचलता (nf).
  • अविचलन avichalān — (nm) non-deviation; steadiness.
  • अविचा/री avicha:ri: — (a) thoughtless; injudicious.
अविचारित -- not well thoughtout, not well considered.
  • अविच्छिन्न avichchhinn — (a) uninterrupted; continuous; hence अविच्छिन्नता (nf).
  • अविच्छेद avichchhed — (nm) absence of interruption, continuity; inseparable.
  • अविजित avijit — (a) unconquered, unvanquished.
  • अवितथ avitath — (a) exact; precise.
अवितथता -- exactitude; precision.
  • अवितान्य avitā:nny — (a) inextensible; hence अवितान्यता (nf).
  • अविदग्ध avidagdh — (a) amateurish; puerile, stupid.
  • अविदित avidit — (a) unknown.
  • अविद्यमान aviddyamā:n — (a) not-existent; unreal; hence अविद्यमानता (nf).
  • अविद्या aviddya: — (nf) nescience; superficial/mundane knowledge.
  • अविनय avinay — (nf) immodesty, impertinence; hence अविनयी, अविनीत (a).
  • अविनश्वर avināshshvar — (a) imperishable, indestructible; eternal; hence अविनश्वरता (nf).
  • अविनाशी avinā:shi: — (a) immortal; indestructible, imperishable.
  • अविनीत avini:t — (a) impertinent, pert, impolite, immodest; hence अविनीतता(nf).
  • अविभक्त avibhakt — (a) undivided; unsplit; intact, also अविभाजित (a).
  • अविभाज्य avibha:jjy — (a) inseparable; indivisible; hence अविभाज्यता (nf).
  • अविरत avirat — (a) incessant, uninterrupted; continuous.
  • अविरल aviral — (a) dense, profuse, compact; uninterrupted, incessant; continuous; hence अविरलता (nf).
  • अविराम avirā:m — (a) non-stop, without a pause, incessant; continuous; hence अविरामता (nf).
  • अविलंब avilā:mb — (adv) at once; without delay; forthwith.
  • अविलेय aviley — (a) insoluble; hence अविलेयता (nf).
  • अविवक्षित avivakshit — (a) intended to be stated or expressed, unimplied.
  • अविवाद्य aviva:ddy — (a) indisputable; incontrovertible.
  • अविवाह aviva:h — (nm) agamy.
  • अविवाहि/त aviva:hit — (a and nm) unmarried; bachelor, celibate; hence अविवाहिता (a and nf).
  • अविवे/क avivek — (nm) absence of reason, indiscretion; imprudence; injudiciousness; hence अविवेकी (a).
  • अविश्वसनीय avishshvasni:y — (a) unreliable, untrustworthy; hence अविश्वसनीयता (nf).
  • अविश्वस्त avishshvast — (a) unreliable, untrustworthy; hence अविश्वस्तता (nf).
  • अविश्वास avishshva:s — (nm) distrust, disbelief; non-confidence; suspicion, doubt.
अविश्वास-प्रस्ताव -- no-confidencemotion.
  • अविश्वासी avishshva:si: — (a) distrustful, suspicious; (nm) an unbeliever.
  • अविहित avihit — (a) forbidden (by law); not prescribed.
  • अवृष्टि avrishṭi — (nf) see अनावृष्टि.
  • अवैज्ञानिक avaiggya:nīk — (a) unscientific; unsystematic; hence अवैज्ञानिकता (nf).
  • अवैतनिक avaitnīk — (a) honorary.
अवैतनिक संपादक -- honorary editor.
अवैतनिक सलाहकार -- honorary adviser.
  • अवैध avaidh — (a) illegal, unlawful; illegitimate, illicit; invalid.
अवैधजात -- illicit.
अवैधता -- illegality.
  • अव्यक्त avvyakt — (a) not manifest, not apparent; imperceptible; indistinct; hence अव्यक्तता, अव्यक्ति (nf).
अव्यक्तिवाद -- impersonalism.
अव्यक्तिवादी -- impersonalist; impersonal(istic).
  • अव्यय avvyay — (nm) an indeclinable (generally used in grammaticalcontext).
  • अव्ययीभाव avvyai:bha:v — (nm) a compound word wherein the first member is an indeclinable(e.g. यथाशक्ति, अनुरुप).
  • अव्यर्थ avvyarth — (a) unfailing; sure, effectual.
  • अव्यवसायी avvyavsa:i: — (a) amateur; non-professional.
अव्यवसायी रंगमंच -- amateurtheatre or stage.
  • अव्यव/स्था avvyavastha: — (nf) lawlessness; disorder; disarray; chaos.
अव्यवस्थित -- disorderly; chaotic; unsystematic.
  • अव्यवहार्य avvyavha:ry — (a) unsociable; unusable; unactionable; impracticable; hence अव्यवहार्यता (nf).
  • अव्यवहित avyavahit — (a) contiguous, without a break/pause/gap.
  • अव्यवहृत avvyavhrit — (a) unused, not tried or put into use/practice.
  • अव्याप्त avvya:pt — (a) incomprehensive; of inadequate pervasion or extent; not pervaded or permeatedby; uninformed (by).
  • अव्याप्ति avvya:pti — (nf) non-comprehensiveness, inadequate pervasion or extent (as of a definition).
  • अव्यावसायिक avvya:vsa:ik — (a) non-professional; amateur(ish); hence अव्यावसायिकता (nf).
  • अव्यावहारिक avvya:vha:rik — (a) impractical; not feasible; hence अव्यावहारिकता (nf).
  • अव्युत्पन्न avvyutpānn — (a) witless, unintelligent; not (grammatically) derived.
  • अव्वल avval — (a) the first; the foremost.
अव्वलन -- firstly.
अव्वल आना/रहना -- to secure or obtain the first position.
  • अशकुन ashakun — (nm) see अपशकुन.
  • अशक्त ashakt — (a) weak, feeble; unable; incompetent; invalid, disabled.
अशक्तता -- disability; infirmity.
  • अशक्य ashakky — (a) impossible, impracticable; unmanageable; invincible; hence अशक्यता (nf).
  • अशरी/र, अशरीरी ashari:r, ~ri: — (a) incorporeal; immaterial; unearthly.
  • अशर्फ़ी asharfi: — (nf) a gold coin.
अशर्फ़ियाँ लुटें कोयलों पर मोहर -- penny wise pound foolish.
  • अशांत ashā:nt — (a) restless, agitated; unquiet, disturbed, perturbed; hence अशांतता (nf).
  • अशांति ashā:nti — (nf) unrest, disquietitude, agitation; disturbance; want of tranquillity.
  • अशासकीय asha:ski:y — (a) non-official/non-governmental; private.
  • अशास्त्रीय asha:stri:y — (a) contrary to the sha:stra(s); unscientific; non-technical; non-classical; unprescribed; irregular.
  • अशिक्षित ashikshit — (a) uneducated; unlettered, illiterate.
  • अशिव ashiv — (a) inauspicious; pernicious, baleful, evil; (nm) the evil; hence अशिवता (nf).
  • अशिष्ट ashishṭ — (a) ill-mannered, rude; indecent, indecorous; impolite.
अशिष्टता -- indecency, impoliteness; ill manners, rudeness.
  • अशु/द्ध ashuddh — (a) incorrect, erroneous, wrong; impure.
अशुद्धता -- incorrectness; impurity.
अशुद्धि -- an error, a mistake.
अशुद्धि पत्र -- errata.
  • अशुभ ashubh — (a) inauspicious, ill-omened; evil; bad; (nm) the evil.
  • अशेष ashesh — (a) all; complete, entire.
  • अशोक ashok — (nm) Jonesia asoka (a tree); (a) without grief, freedfrom grief.
  • अशोभन ashobhan — (a) unseemly, unbecoming; indecent.
  • अश्क़ ashq — (nm) a tear.
  • अश्र/द्धा ashraddha: — (nf) want of reverence; irreverence; lack offaith.
अश्रद्धालु -- faithless, one lackingin reverence/veneration; an unbeliever.
अश्रद्धेय -- unworthy of faith/reverence/veneration.
  • अश्रां/त ashshrā:nt — (a) untired; indefatigable; hence अश्रांति (nf).
  • अश्राव्य ashshra:vy — (a) inaudible, not worth listening (to); hence अश्राव्यता(nf).
  • अश्रु ashshru — (nm) a tear.
अश्रुपात -- shedding of tears.
अश्रुपूर्ण -- tearful.
  • अश्रुत ashshrut — (a) unheard (of).
  • अश्रुतपूर्व ashshrutpu:rv — (a) unheard of (before); unique, novel.
  • अश्लिष्ट ashshlishṭ — (a) having no pun; direct; disconnected, loose.
  • अश्लील ashshli:l — (a) obscene; indecent, vulgar.
अश्लीलता -- obscenity, vulgarity.
  • अश्व ashshv — (nm) a horse.
अश्वमेध (यज्ञ) -- the horse sacrifice—a celebratedceremony dating back to theVedic period, performed by amonarch desirous of becominga चक्रवर्ती.
  • अश्वत्थ ashshvatth — (a) the Pipal tree.
  • अश्वशाला ashshvsha:la: — (nf) a stable.
  • अश्वसन ashshvasān — (nm) apnoea.
  • अश्वारुढ़ ashshva:ru:ṛḥ — (a) mounted on horse-back; riding (a horse).
  • अश्वारोहण ashshva:rohaṉ — (nm) horse-ride.
  • अश्वारोही ashshva:rohi: — (nm) a cavalier, horseman; (a) riding (a horse).
  • अष्ट ashṭ — (a) eight; (nm) the number eight.
  • अष्टकोण ashṭkōṉ — (nm) an octagonal.
  • अष्टछाप ashṭchha:p — —a group of eight luminaries amongst themedieval Krishna cult poets ofHindi literature (viz. Su:rda:s, Kumbhan Da:s, Parma:nandDa:s, Krishna Da:s, Chhi:tswa:mī:, Govindswa:mi:, ChaturbhujDa:s and Nand Da:s).
  • अष्टमी ashṭamī: — (nf) the eighth day of the lunar fortnight accordingto the Hindu calendar.
  • अष्टसिद्धि ashṭasiddhi — (nf) the eight supernatural powers or facultiesacquirable by the practice of yog(the eight usually enumerated areanima:; mahima:, garima:, laghima:, pra:pti, praka:my; i:shitv andvashitv).
  • असंकुल asaṅkul — (a) uncrowded; wide open.
  • असंक्रामक asaṅkra:māk — (a) non-infectious.
असंक्रामक रोग -- non-infectious disease.
  • असंक्राम्य asaṅkra:mmy — (a) inalienable; non-transferable; non-infectious.
असंक्राम्य अधिकार -- inalienable rights.
  • असंख्य asankkhy — (a) innumerable, countless; also असंख्यक (a).
  • असंग asaṅg — (a) detached; uncommitted.
  • असंगठित asaṅgaṭḥit — (a) loose; unorganised; disunited.
  • असंग/त asaṅgat — (a) incoherent; irrelevant; inconsistent; absurd; irrational, anomalous; incompatible; discordant.
असंगतता, असंगति -- incoherence; irrelevance; absurdity; irrationality; incompatibility; anomaly.
  • असंत asant — (a) wicked, evil (person).
  • असंतुलन asantulān — (nm) imbalance, disequilibrium.
  • असंतुलित asantulit — (a) unbalanced; erratic; hence असंतुलितता (nf).
  • असंतुष्ट asantushṭ — (a) dissatisfied, discontented, disgruntled; malcontent; aggrieved.
  • असंतो/ष asantosh — (nm) dissatisfaction; discontent; discontentment.
असंतोषी -- insatiable, one who is temperamentally discontented, greedy.
  • असंदिग्ध asandigdh — (a) indubitable; certain, definite; hence असंदिग्धता (nf).
  • असंपूर्ण asampu:rṉ — (a) incomplete; imperfect; hence असंपूर्णता (nf).
  • असंबद्ध asambaddh — (a) disconnected, irrelevant; incongruous.
असंबद्धता -- incoherence; irrelevancy.
असंबद्ध प्रलाप -- irrelevant and disconnected prattle/prate, raving.
  • असंभव asambhav — (a) impossible, impracticable.
  • असंभावित asambha:vit — (a) unexpected; unlikely; not comprehended.
  • असंभा/व्य asambha:vvy — (a) improbable; also असंभावनीय (a).
  • असंयत asanyat — (a) unrestrained; intemperate, immoderate.
  • असंय/म asanyām — (nm) unrestraint; intemperance; absence of moderation.
असंयमित -- unrestrained; immoderate.
असंयमी -- devoid of moderationor temperance, unrestrained; fast.
  • असंश्लिष्ट asanshlishṭ — (a) non-synthetic; non-composite.
  • असंस्कृत asanskrit — (a) uncultured; unrefined; raw.
  • असंह/त asanhat — (a) diffused, not concentrated; hence असंहति (nf).
  • असंहित asanhit — (a) incompact, loose; unconnected; not concise.
  • असगंध asgandh — (nm) a medicinal plant—Physalis flexussa.
  • असती asati: — (a) unchaste, infidel (to one's husband).
  • असतीत्व asati:ttv — (nm) unchastity, absence of chastity.
  • असत् asat — (a) evil, bad; non-existent; illusory.
असत्कार्य -- evil deed, misdeed.
असत्पथ -- immoral path/way.
  • असत्त्व asattv — (nm) vice; (a) weak; vicious, devoid of virtue.
  • असत्य asatty — (nm) a lie, falsehood; untruth; (a) untrue, false.
असत्यता -- falsehood, untruth.
असत्यवादी -- a liar; untrue (person).
  • अस/द् asad — (a) an allomorph of असत् (see) as it obtains in certaincompounds.
असदाचार -- misconduct, immoral conduct.
असद्बुद्धि -- vicious, evil-minded; evil genius.
असद्भाव -- non-existence; malafide.
असदवृत्ति -- wicked(ness), vicious(ness).
  • असफल asaphal — (a) unsuccessful.
असफलता -- failure.
  • असबाब asba:b — (nm) luggage, baggage; goods and chattles.
  • असभ्य asabbhy — (a) uncivilized, uncivil; discourteous; indecent; ill-bred; rustic.
असभ्यता -- uncivility; indecency; vulgarity; rusticity.
  • असमंजस asmāṇjas — (nm) a dilemma, fix, suspense.
  • असमंजित asmāṇjit — (a) maladjusted, unadjusted; uncoordinated.
  • असम asām — (a) uneven; unequal; dissimilar; unmatching; (nm) thenorth-eastern Indian state ofAssam.
  • असमत asmāt — (nf) sanctity, chastity.
असमतफ़रोश -- a chastity-monger; unchaste; immoral; hence असमतफ़रोशी (nf).
  • असमतल asāmtal — (a) uneven; rough and rugged; hence असमतलता (nf).
  • असमता asāmta: — (nf) inequality; disparity; unevenness.
  • असमन्वय asamānvay — (nm) incoordination, absence of coordination.
  • असममि/त asāmamit — (a) asymmetrical.
असममिति -- asymmetry.
  • असम/य asamāy — (adv and a) untimely; out of season; (nm) time of adversity; unseasonableness.
असमयोचित -- inopportune, untimely.
  • असमर्थ asamarth — (a) incapable, incompetent.
असमर्थता -- incapability, incompetence, incapacity, inability.
  • असमान asamā:n — (a) see असम.
असमानता -- disparity, inequality; dissimilarity.
  • असमाप्त asamā:pt — (a) incomplete, unfinished.
  • असमाहित asamā:hit — (a) unconcentrated; wavering, flickering.
  • असमिया asamiyā: — (nf and a) Assamese—the language and people of Assam (असम).
  • असमीचीन asamī:chī:n — (a) improper, inappropriate; undue.
  • असम्म/ति asāmmāti — (nf) non-consent; disagreement; hence असम्मत (a).
  • असम्मान asāmmā:n — (nm) disrespect; insult.
  • असम्मेय asāmmey — (a) incommensurable.
असम्मेयता -- incommensurability.
  • असर asar — (nm) effect; influence; impression.
  • असल asal — (a) real; true; original.
असलका -- born of (one's) real father.
असल में -- infact, in reality, as a matter of fact.
  • असलियत asliyat — (nf) reality; truth.
  • असली asli: — (a) real; true; pure, unadulterated.
असली धड़े की छुट -- actual tare.
असली रुप दिखाना -- to show one'shorns.
  • असवर्ण asavarṉ — (a) not belonging to a high caste, of low caste; nothomogeneous (as sounds).
  • असह asah — (a) unbearable, unendurable.
  • असहकार asahka:r — (nm) non-cooperation.
  • असहनशील asahānshi:l — (a) intolerant, unenduring; short-tempered; hence असहनशीलता (nf).
  • असहनीय asahni:y — (a) see असह्य (a).
  • असहमति asahmāti — (nf) disagreement, dissent; discordance.
  • असहयोग asahyog — (nm) non-cooperation.
असहयोगवाद -- the doctrine of non-cooperation.
असहयोगवादी -- a follower ofnon-cooperative doctrine; pertaining to the doctrine of non-cooperation.
  • असहाय asaha:y — (a) helpless; lonesome.
  • असहिष्णु asahisṉū — (a) intolerant, unenduring.
असहिष्णुता -- intolerance, inendurance.
  • असह्य asahhy — (a) intolerable, unbearable; hence असह्यता (nf).
  • असांप्रदायिक asā:mprada:ik — (a) non-communal; non-sectarian.
असांप्रदायिकता -- non-communalism; non-sectarianism.
  • असा/ढ़ asa:ṛḥ — (nm) the fourth month of the Hindu calendar.
असाढ़ी -- pertaining to असाढ.
  • असाधारण asa:dha:rāṉ — (a) extraordinary, unusual; uncommon.
असाधारणता -- extra-ordinary quality; uniqueness; unusualness.
  • असाधु asa:dhu — (a) wicked, unrighteous; not standard; hence असाधुता (nf).
  • असाध्य asa:ddhy — (a) incurable; impracticable, unfeasible; hence असाध्यता (nf).
असाध्य-साधन -- performing the impracticable, achieving a miracle.
  • असामयिक asa:māik — (a) untimely; inopportune; hence असामयिकता (nf).
  • असामर्थ्य asa:mārtthy — (nf) see असमर्थता.
  • असामाजिक asa:ma:jik — (a) unsocial, anti-social.
असामाजिक तत्त्व -- anti-social elements.
असामाजिकता -- the state of being unsocial/anti-social; unsocial/anti-social attitude.
  • असामान्य asa:mā:nny — (a) uncommon; not general; particular, special; abnormal; hence असामान्यता (nf).
  • असामी asa:mi: — (nm, sometimes nf) a tenant; client; victim.
  • असाम्य asa:mmy — (nm) inequality.
  • असार asa:r — (a) worthless; unsubstantial; unreal; illusory; immaterial; hence असारता (nf).
  • असार्वजनिक asa:rvjānik — (a) private; not public.
  • असावधान asa:vdhā:n — (a) careless, uncautious; negligent.
असावधानता -- see असावधानी.
  • असावधानी asa:vdhā:nī: — (nf) carelessness; negligence; absence of caution.
  • असि/द्ध asiddh — (a) unproved; incomplete; unaccomplished; inoperative; hence असिद्धि (nf).
  • असीम asi:m — (a) limitless, boundless; hence असीमता (nf).
  • असीमित asi:mit — (a) unbounded, unlimited; hence असीमितता (nf).
  • असीस asi:s — (nf) see आशिष.
  • असुंदर asūndar — (a) ugly; unwholesome, not beautiful.
असुंदरता -- ugliness; absence of beauty, unwholesomeness.
  • असुख asukh — (nm) non-happiness, absence of pleasure.
असुखकर -- conducive of non-happiness, giving no pleasure.
  • असुप्त asupt — (a) not asleep, awake.
  • असुर asur — (nm) a demon.
  • असुविधा asuvidha: — (nf) inconvenience.
  • असुचित asu:chit — (a) unadvised; unnotified.
  • असूझ asu:jh — (a) invisible; where nothing can be seen or sighted.
  • असूया asu:ya — (nf) envy.
  • असैनिक asainīk — (a) civil, non-military; (nm) a civilian.
  • असौंदर्य asāūdary — (nm) absence of beauty; ugliness.
  • असौम्य asaummy — (a) not amiable or gentle, unpleasant; harsh, impolite, impudent.
  • असौष्ठव asaushṭḥav — (nm) want of quality; ugliness.
  • अस्तंगत astāṅgat — (a) set (as the sun); sunk; descended.
  • अस्त ast — (a) set (as the sun); sunk.
अस्तप्राय -- almost set or sunk; dying.
अस्त होना -- to set or sink; to disappear or vanish.
  • अस्तबल astabal — (nm) a stable.
  • अस्तर astar — (nm) the lining of a garment; inner coating of colouror varnish; base (in painting).
  • अस्तव्यस्त astavvyast — (a) confused; scattered; helter-skelter.
अस्तव्यस्त करना -- toconfuse; to scatter; to tousle.
अस्तव्यस्त होना -- to be scattered; to be confused, to be cluttered up with.
  • अस्ताचल asta:chal — (nm) the western mountain (behind which the sunis supposed to set).
  • अस्ति asti — (nf) existence; being.
  • अस्तित्व astittv — (nm) existence, being, entity.
अस्तित्ववाद -- existentialism.
अस्तित्ववादी -- an existentialist; extentialistic.
अस्तित्ववान -- existent.
  • अस्तु astu — (ind) however, well, now; be it so !.
  • अस्तेय astey — (nm) not stealing.
  • अस्त्र astr — (nm) a weapon (esp. a missile).
अस्त्रकार -- an armourer.
अस्त्रजीवी -- a professional soldier.
अस्त्रविद्या -- themilitary science; the art of usingweapons.
अस्त्रशाला -- an arsenal, armoury.
  • अस्त्र-शस्त्र astr-shastr — (nm) armament, weaponry; arms, weapons.
  • अस्त्रागार astra:ga:r — (nm) an arsenal, armoury.
  • अस्थायित्व astha:itv — (nm) unstability, temporariness, the state of beingprovisional/tentative.
  • अस्थायी astha:i: — (a) temporary, labile, unstable; provisional.
अस्थायी व्यवस्था -- modus vivendi; stop-gap arrangement.
  • अस्थि asthi — (nf) a bone.
अस्थि-पंजर -- a skeleton.
अस्थिशेष -- reduced to a skeleton, skeletonised.
  • अस्थिर asthir — (a) unstable, unsteady; variable; vacillating; fickle, wavering.
अस्थिरता -- inconstancy; unstability; unsteadiness; vacillation; also अस्थैर्य (nm).
  • अस्पताल aspata:l — (nm) a hospital.
  • अस्पष्ट aspashṭ — (a) not clear; indistinct, vague; dim, obscure; blurred; ambiguous; hence अस्पष्टता (nf).
  • अस्पृश्य asprishshy — (a) untouchable.
अस्पृश्यता -- (the system and practice of) untouchability.
  • अस्पृष्ट asprishṭ — (a) untouched.
  • अस्फुट asphuṭ — (a) indistinct, not clear; blurred; impalpable; hence अस्फुटता (nf).
  • अस्मिता asmita: — (nf) ego; vanity, pride; assertion.
  • अस्वस्थ asswasth — (a) unhealthy; morbid.
अस्वस्थता -- ill-health; morbidity.
  • अस्वाभाविक asswa:bha:vik — (a) unnatural; artificial; hence अस्वाभाविकता (nf).
  • अस्वी/करण, अस्वीकार assvi:karaṉ, ~ka:r — (nm) non-acceptance, rejection, refusal; denial.
  • अस्वीकृ/त assvi:krit — (a) unaccepted; refused, rejected; denied.
अस्वीकृति -- non-acceptance; refusal, rejection; denial.
  • अस्सी assi: — (a) eighty; (nm) the number eighty.
  • अहं ahām — (nm) ego.
अहंभाव -- ego, egoism.
अहंवाद/अहंवादिता -- egoism.
अहंवादी -- egoist(ic).
अहं-वृत्ति -- ego-instinct.
  • अहंका/र ahāṅka:r — (nm) vanity; egotism; vainglory.
अहंकारी -- egotist, vain-glorious.
  • अहंता ahānta: — (nf) ego; egoism.
  • अहद ehad — (nm) a pledge; commitment.
अहदनामा -- an agreement.
  • अहदी ehdi: — (a) slothful, lazy, indolent; hence अहदीपन (nm).
  • अहबाब ahba:b — (nm) friends and companions, dear ones (used onlyas the second member of thecompound दोस्त-अहबाब).
  • अहम ahām — (a) important, significant.
  • अहम/क़ ehmāq — (nm and a) a blockhead, an idiot, a fool; most foolish; stupid.
अहमक़ाना -- idiotic, stupid, foolish.
अहमक़ाना हरकतें करना -- to play the giddygoat.
  • अहमियत ehmiyāt — (nf) importance, significance.
  • अहम्मन्य ahammānny — (a) vainglorious pretentious, overweening, conceited.
अहम्मन्यता -- vainglory, conceit, pretentiousness, overweeningness.
  • अहरणीय aharṉi:y — (a) inviolable, unprescriptible.
अहरणीय अधिकार -- unprescriptible right.
  • अहलकार ehalka:r — (nm) a clerk, an official (in a court of law).
  • अहलमद ehalmad — (nm) a record keeper (in a court of law).
  • अहलेवतन ahalevatan — compatriots, countrymen.
  • अहस्त/क्षेप ahastakshep — (nm) non-interference.
अहस्तक्षेप-नीति -- laissez faire.
अहस्तक्षेप्य -- non-cognizable: which cannot be interfered with.
  • अहह ahah — (int) oh !, an exclamation expressive of surprise, sorrow, agony, etc.
  • अहा, अहा हा aha:, aha:ha: — (int) an exclamation expressing surprise or delight; how excellent ! well done ! wonderful ! etc.
  • अहाता aha:ta: — (nm) a compound, precincts; enclosure.
  • अहानिकर ahā:nikar — (a) non-detrimental; unharmful, not injurious.
  • अहिंसक ahīnsak — (a) non-violent (person).
  • अहिंसा ahīnsa: — (nf) non-violence.
अहिंसावाद -- the creed of non-violence.
  • अहिंसात्मक ahinsa:tmak — (a) non-violent (act, etc.).
  • अहिंस्र ahīnsr — (a) non-violent, not fierce; harmless.
  • अहि ahi — (nm) a serpent, snake.
अहिच्छत्रक -- a mushroom.
अहिनिर्मोक -- slough.
  • अहित ahit — (nm) harm, damage, injury; evil.
अहितकर -- harmful, injurious, detrimental.
  • अहितेच्छा ahitechchha: — (nf) malevolence, malevolent intention.
  • अहिफेन ahiphēn — (nm) opium.
  • अहिवात ahiva:t — (nm) state of a married woman ever continuing to enjoy her husband's coverture.
  • अहीर ahi:r — (nm) a Hindu sub-caste.
  • अहेतु ahetu — (a) without a cause or reason.
  • अहेतु/क, अहेतुकी ahetuk, ~ki: — (a) without any reason or cause; without motive; unprovoked.
  • अहे/र aher — (nm) see शिकार.
अहेरी -- see शिकारी; a stalker.
  • अहैतु/क, अहैतुकी ahaituk, ~ki: — (a) see अहेतुक.
  • अहो aho — (int.) Oh ! O !.
  • आ a: — the second letter and the second vowel of the Devna:gri: alphabet; a Sanskrit prefix usedto denote the senses of up to, up-til, from, throughout, along withetc; (Imperative verb intendedfor youngers or juniors, etc.) come, come on, come forth.
आ बैल मुझेमार -- to ask for it, to ask for trouble.
  • आँकड़े ā:kṛe — (nm) data; statistics, figures.
  • आँकना ā:knā: — (v) to assess, to reckon; to evaluate; to appraise; to mark.
  • आँख ā:kh — (nf) an eye; the eye of a needle: the sprout at the joint ofa sugarcane.
आँखमिचौनी -- (the gameof) hide and seek, blindman'sbuff; also आँखमिचोली.
आँख आना -- to suffer from ophthalmia, to havesore eyes.
आँख उठाकर देखना, आँख उठाना -- to cast a hostile look.
आँख उठाकर नदेखना -- not to take notice, to treatwith disdain; to feel ashamed orabashed.
आँख ऊँची न होना, आँख ऊपर नउठाना -- to be unable to raise the eyesthrough shame, etc.
आँख ओट पहाड़ ओट -- out of sight, out of mind.
आँख का काँटा -- an eye-sore.
आँख का काजल चुराना -- to steal eyesalve out of one's eye, to be an expert thief.
आँख-का तारा/आँख की पुतली -- the apple of one's eye, iris; darling, pet, beloved.
आँख कानखुले रखना -- to be on the alert, to bealert and agile.
आँख का परदा उठना -- tobe disillusioned, to have one's illusions shed away.
आँख का पानी उतर/ढल/मर जाना -- blush like a dog/blueon black; to be lost to shame, tobecome shameless.
आँख की किरकिरी -- an eye-sore.
आँख की बदी भौं के आगे -- to narrate somebody's vice only to.
  • आँगन ā:gān — (nm) a courtyard.
  • आंगिक ā:ṅgik — (a) pertaining to the body or parts thereof; performedby gesture or through physical features (a category of abhinay).
आंगिक अभिनय -- acting through physicalgestures or movement.
आंगिक व्यापार -- physical action.
  • आँच ā:ch — (nf) the heat of flame, fire; (fig.) harm.
आँच आना -- to come toharm.
आँच खाना -- to be overheated; tobe heated.
  • आँचल ā:chal — (nm) the extreme part of a sa:ri: enveloping the upperpart of a woman's body; region.
  • आँजना ā:jnā: — (v) to apply collyrium (into the eyes.).
  • आँत ā:t — (nf) see अँतड़ी.
आँत उतरना -- to suffer from hernia.
आँतें कुलकुलाना/कुलबुलाना -- to be extremely hungry.
  • आंतर ā:ntar — (a) intra.
  • आंतरायिक ā:ntara:ik — (a) intermittent.
  • आंतरिक ā:ntarik — (a) internal, intra; innate.
आंतरिकतः -- internally; hence आंतरिकता( nf).
  • आंतभौं/म ā:ntarbhāūm — (a) underground; subterranean; also आंतभौंमिक (a).
  • आंत्र ā:ntr — (nm) intestine; (a) intestinal.
  • आंदोलन ā:ndolān — (nm) a movement, agitation, campaign.
आंदोलनकर्ता आंदोलनकारी -- an agitator, campaigner.
  • आंदोलित ā:ndolit — (a) moved; agitated.
आंदोलित होना -- to be moved by intense emotion or feeling.
  • आँधी ā:dhi: — (nf) a dust-storm.
आँधी उठाना -- to raise a storm; to create havoc.
आँधी के आम -- a windfall.
  • आँध्र a:ndhr — (nm) the Telugu-speaking Southern state of the Indian Union —also known as आँध्र प्रदेश; (a) an inhabitant of the AndhraPradesh.
  • आँय-बाँय ā:y-bā:y — (nf) irrelevant/ridiculous talk; also आँय-बाँय-शाँय.
  • आँव ā:v — (nf, used by some as nm) mucus.
  • आँवला ā:vla: — (nm) the tree Emblic myrobalan and its fruit.
  • आँवाँ ā:wā: — (nm) the potter's kiln, pottery.
आँवाँ का आँवाँ ही खराब होना -- to have a disgusting lot as a whole.
  • आंशिक ā:nshik — (a) partial; fractional.
आंशिकता -- the state or quality of beingfractional.
  • आँसू ā:su: — (nm) tear.
आँसू पीकर रह जाना -- to suppress one's tears, to hideone's sorrow.
आँसू पोंछना -- to console.
आँसू बहाना -- to shed tears.
  • आइंदा a:inda: — (adv) in future; (a) future; ensuing.
आइंदा जमाना -- the future, times to come.
  • आइना a:inā: — (nm) a looking glass, mirror.
आइने में मुँह देखना -- to reflect on one's own capabilities andmerits, to know oneself.
आइनासाज़ -- amirror-maker.
  • आइसक्रिम a:iskri:m — (nf) ice-cream.
  • आई/न a:i:n — (nm) law; legislation आईनी legal; legislative.
  • आक a:k — (nm) the medicinal plant swallow wort, technically knownas Catotropis gigantea.
  • आक़बत a:qbat — (nf) transmundane existence; the other world, thefuture state of life.
आक़बत बिगाड़ना -- tojeopardize one's transmundaneexistence.
  • आकर a:kar — (nm) a mine; source; storehouse, treasury.
आकर-ग्रंथ -- a source book.
  • आकरर्ण a:karṉ — (a and adv) (stretching or stretched) up to the ear.
  • आकर्णक a:kraṉāk — (nm) a headphone.
  • आकर्षक a:karshak — (a) attractive, charming, alluring; hence आकर्षकता (nf).
  • आकर्षण a:karshāṉ — (nm) attraction, charm, allurement.
आकर्षण-शक्ति -- thepower of gravitation; attraction.
  • आकर्षित a:karshit — (a) attracted, charmed, allured.
  • आकर्षी a:karshi: — (a) attractive, alluring.
  • आक/लन a:kalān — (nm) reckoning, calculation.
आकलित -- reckoned, calculated.
  • आकस्मिक a:kasmik — (a) sudden, abrupt; contingent; accidental; fortuitous, casual.
आकस्मिक छुट्टी -- casual leave.
आकस्मिकता -- contingency.
  • आकांक्षा a:kā:ṅksha: — (nf) aspiration.
  • आकां/क्षी a:kā:ṅkshi: — (a) aspirant.
आकांक्षित -- aspired (for).
  • आक़ा a:ka: — (nm) master, lord.
  • आका/र a:ka:r — (nm) form, shape, size; the vowel आ (a:) and its sound.
आकार आका-प्रकार -- size and shape.
आकार-विज्ञान, -- morphology.
आकार-वैज्ञानिक -- a morphologist; morphological.
आकारांत -- (aword) ending in a: (आ).
  • आकारिकी a:ka:riki: — (nf) morphology.
आकारिकीय -- morphological.
  • आकाश a:ka:sh — (nm) the sky; the space.
आकाशकुसुम -- lit. a flower of thesky, meaning an impossibility, afanciful thing.
आकाशगंगा -- the milkyway.
आकाशगामिता -- levitation; sky-faring.
आकाशगामि/चारी -- sky-faring.
आकाशदीप -- a beacon light.
आकाशभाषित/वचन -- (intheatrical language) speaking offthe stage (to someone out of sight).
आकाशमंडल -- the celestial sphere.
आकाशयान -- aircraft.
आकाश छुना -- to be sky high.
आकाश-पाताल एक करना -- to move heavenand earth, to leave no stone unturned, to put in Herculean efforts.
आकाश-पाताल का अंतर -- as wide asunder as the sky and the netherworld, a tremendous difference.
आकाश से बातें करना -- to be sky high, tobe as lofty as the sky.
  • आकाशवाणी a:ka:shvā:ṉī: — (nf) an oracle; a proper name given toAll India Radio.
  • आकाशी a:ka:shi: — (nf) an aerial; (a).
  • आकाशीय a:ka:shiy — (a) pertaining to the sky; heavenly, celestial.
  • आकीर्ण a:ki:rṉ — (a) crowded; full of diffusion; diffused; scattered.
  • आकुं/चन a:kuṇchān — (nm) contraction; flexion.
आकुंचित -- contracted.
आकुंचित होना -- to contract.
  • आकुल a:kul — (a) restless, uneasy; distracted; distressed.
  • आकुलता a:kulta: — (nf) restlessness, uneasiness; mental distress.
  • आकृति a:kkriti — (nf) shape, figure, form, structure, appearance; features; contour आकृतिमूलक morphological, structural.
आकृतिविज्ञान -- morphology.
आकृतिवैज्ञानिक -- a morphologist; morphological.
  • आकृष्ट a:krishṭ — (a) see आकर्षित.
  • आक्रम/ण a:kkramāṉ — (nm) attack; aggression; incursion; invasion.
आक्रमणकारी -- invader/ invading; aggressor/aggressive; incursionist.
आक्रमणात्मक -- offensive, aggressive.
  • आक्रां/त a:kkrā:nt — (a) (one who is) attacked, invaded.
आक्रांता -- (mistakenlyused to mean) invader.
  • आक्रामक a:kkra:māk — (nm) an invader; aggressor; attacker; (a) aggressive.
आक्रामकता -- aggressiveness, hostility.
  • आक्रोश a:kkrosh — (nm) acrimony, acerbity; wrath.
  • आक्लांति a:kklā:nti — (nf) boredom.
  • आक्षेप a:kshep — (nm) allegation; accusation, invective; charge.
  • आक्सीजन a:ksi:jān — (nf) oxygen (gas).
  • आखथू a:khthu: — (nm) the sound produced during hemming and spitting; (ind) fie ! a condemnatory exclamation.
  • आखिर a:ḳḥir — (nm) the end; (adv) at last, after all.
आखिरकार/को -- eventually, after all; at long last.
  • आखिरी a:ḳḥiri — (a) last, final, ultimate.
आखिरी चाल -- in bottom of bag, the last card up one's sleeve.
आखिरी दमतक काम करते रहना -- to die in harness.
आखिरी दम तक जमे रहना -- to die in lastditch.
आखिरी दम तक लड़ते रहना -- to fightto the finish, to die game.
आखिरी वक्त मेंक्या खाक मुसल्माँ होंगे -- death bed repentance, to make a policy changewhen it is too late to bear fruit.
  • आखेट a:kheṭ — (nm) see शिकार.
  • आखेटक a:kheṭak — (nm) see शिकारी.
  • आख्या/त a:kkhya:t — (a) uttered, expressed; well-known.
आख्याता -- an exponent, interpreter.
  • आख्यान a:kkhyā:n — (nm) telling, communication; a tale, legend; fable; description; hence आख्यानक (nm)(diminutive).
  • आख्यायिका a:kkhya:ika: — (nf) a fable, short episodic narrative.
  • आगंतुक a:gāntuk — (nm) a comer, visitor.
  • आग a:g — (nf) fire.
आग का परकाला, आग का पुतला -- a fire-eater, fire brand, anextremely hot-tempered/hot-headed man.
आग खाना अंगार हगना -- to eat fire, to emit fumes.
आग देना -- to perform funeral rites.
आग-पर पानी डालना -- to pacify/calm down (allinfuriated persons).
आग पर लोटना -- tobe uneasy or restless, to be consumed with jealousy, envy etc.
आग पानी/फूस का बैर -- innate mutualhostility.
आग फाँकना -- to boast enormously, to lie grossly.
आगबबूला होना -- to be inflamed, to fly in to a rage.
आग बरसना -- lit. shedding of fire, meaning to have scorching heat(also see आग बरसना); (for something) to be scarcc and expensive.
आग बरसाना ṭ -- o bombaīd, to cannonate (also see आग बरसना).
आग भड़ वाना -- to stir or blow the fire (of), tofah the flame (of), to pour oil onfire.
आग में कूदना -- to jump into fire, to create troubles for oneself.
आग में -- .
  • आगज़नी a:gzanī: — (nf) arson.
  • आगत a:gat — (a) arrived, come; occurred, happened.
आगत-स्वागत -- welcome (to a guest), warm/reception.
  • आगबबूला a:gbabu:la: — (a) violently enraged, wild with rage.
आगबबूला होजाना -- to flare up.
  • आगम a:gām — (nm) coming near, approaching; an augment (in grammar); birth, origin; scripture; traditional doctrine or precept; collection of such doctrines; anything handed down and fixed bytradition; induction; proceeds.
आगम-श्रुति -- a tradition.
  • आगमन a:gamān — (nm) arrival; approach; induction.
  • आगमनात्मक a:gamāna:tmāk — (a) inductive.
आगमनात्मक तर्कशास्त्र -- inductive logic.
  • आगल a:gal — (nf) a gato-bar (meant to hold its leaves shut).
  • आगा a:ga: — (nm) front, frontage, the fore part of anything; face; thefuture, the morrow.
आगा-पीछा -- prosand cons.
आगा-पीछा करना -- to waver, tohesitate.
आगा भारी होना -- (vulgar) to bein the family way, to be with child.
  • आग़ाज़ a:ga:z — (nm) beginning, start, commencement.
  • आगामी a:gā:mī: — (a) next; future; coming, ensuing.
  • आगार a:ga:r — (nm) a store house treasury, depository.
  • आगाह a:ga:h — .
करना -- (v) to warn against or notify, to apprise (as awarning).
  • आगे a:ge — (adv) ahead, in front of, before; in future.
आगे-आगे -- in future, in course of time.
आगे आना -- to comeforward, to confront; to befall.
आगे करना -- to place at the front, totake cover (of).
आगे कुआँ पीछे खाई -- tobe on the horns of a dilemma, to bebetween the devil and the deep sea.
आगे को -- in future.
आगे दौड़ पीछे छोड़ -- hastemakes waste.
आगे नाथ न पीछे पगहा -- lit. none ahead and none behind —to have no kith and kin, to havenone to look after.
आगे पीछे -- one behindthe other, front and rear sooner orlater.
आगे कोई न होना -- to be without any kith or kin.
आगे बढ़ना -- tomake progress/headway; togain ground.
आगे बस न चलना -- to beat the end of one's tether.
आगे से -- in future.
आगे होकर लेना -- to stepahead to accord a special welcome, to receive with fanfare.
  • आग्नेय a:gnēy — (a) fiery; pertaining to fire; fire-emitting; fire-bearing; igneous.
  • आग्नेयास्त्र a:gnēya:str — (nm) a fire-arm, fire-emitting missile.
  • आग्र/ह a:ggrah — (nm) insistence, pertinacity; persistence.
आग्रही -- insistent, pertinacious, persistent.
  • आघात a:gha:t — (nm) blow, stroke, hit; shock; impact; trauma; accent.
  • आघ्रा/ण a:gghrā:ṉ — (nm) (the act or process of) smelling.
आघ्रात -- smelt.
  • आचमन a:chmān — (nm) sipping water.
  • आच/रण a:charāṉ — (nm) conduct; behaviour; practice.
आचरणीय -- worthpractising/emulating.
आचरित -- practised; performed; emulated.
  • आचार a:cha:r — (nm) conduct; custom, practice; ethos; behaviour.
आचारभ्रष्ट -- fallen, degenerated, debased.
आचारवान -- of good conduct, virtuous.
आचार-विचार -- manners and morals.
आचार-व्यवहार -- conduct and character.
आचारहीन -- characterless, immoral; hence आचारहीनता( nf).
  • आचारक a:cha:rak — (nm) master of ceremonies.
  • आचारशास्त्र a:cha:rsha:str — (nm) ethology, ethics.
  • आचार-संहिता a:cha:rsānhita: — (nf) moral code.
  • आचार्य a:cha:ry — (nm) a teacher, preceptor; professor; founder or leader (of a school of thought); an initiator; hence आचार्यत्व (nm).
  • आच्छद a:chchhad — (nm) a sheath; lid, cover.
  • आच्छा/दन a:chchha:dān — (nm) a covering, cover.
आच्छादित -- covered.
  • आच्छेदन a:chchhedāṉ — (nm) (the act or process of) amputation, cuttingoff.
  • आच्छिन्न a:chhinn — (a) amputated, cut off.
  • आज a:j — (adv and nm) today.
आज मरे आज-कल दूसरा दिन -- mundane strains soon set off the blow of bereavement, unpleasant memories do not last verylong.
  • आजकल a:jkal — (adv) now-a-days, these days.
आजकल करना -- to put off fromday to day, to dilly-dally; to defer.
आजकल का -- modern, hodiernal.
आजकल में -- in acouple of days, soon, withoutdelay.
  • आजन्म a:janm — (adv) since birth.
  • आज़माइ/श — (v) to try, to (put to a) test.
  • आज़मूदा a:zmu:da: — (a) tried and tested.
  • आज़ाद a:za:d — (a) independent, free.
आज़ादख़याल -- independent-minded, open-minded.
आज़ादतबियत -- of independent temperament; open-minded.
आज़ादमिज़ाज -- self-willed, capricious.
  • आज़ादी a:za:di: — (nf) independence freedom.
आज़ादीपसंद -- freedom-loving; self-willed.
  • आजानुबाहु a:ja:nūba:hu — (a) blessed with long arms (extending to theknees).
  • आजिज़ a:jiz — (a) helpless; weary; meek.
आजिज़ आना -- to be wearied, to befed up.
आज़िजी -- helplessness, meekness.
  • आजीवन a:ji:wān — (adv) throughout life, for a whole life-time.
आजीवन कारावास -- life imprisonment.
  • आजीविका a:ji:vika: — (nf) livelihood; calling.
  • आज्ञप्ति a:ggyapti — (nf) a decree.
  • आज्ञा a:ggya: — (nf) order.
आज्ञा-पत्र -- a writ, written order.
आज्ञा-पालन -- obedience.
आज्ञा-भंग -- breach of order, disobedience.
  • आज्ञाका/री aggya:ka:ri: — (a) obedient.
आज्ञाकारिता -- obedience.
  • आटा a:ṭa: — (nm) flour; (कंगाली में) आटा गीला होना to be plunged into yet another complication when already afflicted.
आटे के साथ घुन पिसना -- to undergo an undeserved suffering on account of association.
आटे-दाल का भाव मालूम होना -- to beconfronted with unwelcome realities of practical life.
आटे-दाल की फ़िक्र -- anxiety regarding means ofsustenance.
आटे में नमक -- in reasonable/small.
  • आठ a:ṭḥ — (a) eight; (nm) the number eight.
आठ-आठ आँसू रोना -- to cry one'sheart out, to shed floods of tears.
आठों गाँठ कुम्मैत -- every inch a crook.
आठ पहर चौंसठ घड़ी -- day in and day out.
  • आठैं a:ṭḥāī — (nf) the eighth day of a lunar fortnight.
  • आडंब/र a:ḍāmbaṛ — (nm) ostentation, affectation; showing off; tinsel, hypocrisy.
आडंबरी -- ostentatious, showy; hypocrite, tinsel.
  • आड़ a:ṛ — (nm) a cover, screen; a barricade; shield, strut; block.
आड़ लेना -- to take a cover.
  • आड़ा a:ṛa: — (a) oblique; horizontal; transverse.
आड़ा तिरछा होना -- to be provoked, to be enraged.
आड़ा वक्त -- tryingor difficult time.
आड़े आना/पड़ना/होना -- to put impediments.
आड़े वक़्त पर काम आना -- to help some dog overstile, to help one over stile, todo a good turn when one is indifficulty.
आड़े हाथों लेना -- to rebuke, to put to shame by sarcasm; totick off.
  • ऑडिट/र oḍiṭar — (nm) an auditor; hence ऑडिटरी (nf).
  • आड़ू a:ṛu: — (nm) a peach.
  • आढ़त a:ṛḥat — (nf) commission agency; brokerage, commission.
  • आढ़/तिया, आढ़तीं a:ṛḥatiya:, ~ti: — (nm) a commission agent; broker.
  • आढ्य a:ḍḍḥy — a Sanskrit suffix denoting prosperity, plenty, abundance (as धनाढ्य, गणाढ्य).
  • आणविक ā:ṉvik — (a) molecular.
  • आतंक a:tāṅk — (nm) terror, panic.
आतंकवाद/वादिता -- terrorism.
आतंकवादी -- terrorist.
आतंकित -- terrorised.
  • आतत a:tat — (a) tense.
आततता -- tenseness.
  • आततायी a:tata:i: — (nm and a) an oppressor; tyrant; oppressive.
  • आत/प a:tap — (nm) sunlight, sun.
आतप्त -- scorched, heated.
  • आतशक a:tshak — (nm) syphilis.
  • आतिथेय a:tithey — (nm) a host, one who extends hospitality.
  • आतिथ्य a:titthy — (nm) hospitability; hospitality.
आतिथ्य-सत्कार -- hospitality.
  • आतिश a:tish — (nm) fire.
आतिशबाज़ -- a fireworks manufacturer.
आतिशबाज़ी -- fireworks; display of fireworks; pyrotechnic.
  • आतिशी a:tishi: — (a) pertaining to fire, fiery.
आतिशी शीशा -- a magnifying glass.
  • आतिशय्य a:tishayy — (nm) abundance, plenty; excess.
  • आती-पाती a:ti:pa:ti: — (nf) the game of hide and seek, blind man's buff.
  • आतुर a:tur — (a) rash, hasty; restless.
  • आतुरता a:turta: — (nf) rashness, hastiness; restlessness.
  • आतुरालय a:tura:lay — (nm) a dispensary, clinic.
  • आत्म a:tm — (nm) self; (a) pertaining to self, one's own, personal.
आत्मकथा -- autobiography.
आत्मकल्याण -- one'sown good.
आत्मकेंद्रित -- self-centred.
आत्मगत -- subjective; inner.
आत्मगौरव -- self-respect.
आत्मघात -- suicide.
आत्मघातक/घाती -- suicidal, self-defeating; a self-murderer.
आत्मचरित -- an autobiography.
आत्मचरितात्मक -- autobiographical.
आत्मचालित -- automatic.
आत्मचिंतन -- self-contemplation.
आत्मज/जात -- a son.
आत्मजा -- a daughter.
आत्मज्ञान -- self-realisation, self-knowledge.
आत्मतत्त्व -- the true nature of the soul orSupreme Spirit.
आत्मतुष्ट -- self-gratified.
आत्मतुष्टि -- self-satisfaction.
आत्मतृप्त -- fulfilled, gratified, self-satisfied.
आत्मतृप्ति -- self-satisfaction; self-fulfilment.
आत्म-त्याग -- self-sacrifice; self-denial.
आत्मत्यागी -- one who has madesacrifices.
आत्मदान -- self-sacrifice.
आत्मदाह -- self-immolation.
आत्मद्रोह -- revolt against self.
आत्मनिंदा -- self-condemnation.
आत्म-नियंत्रण -- self-restraint, self-control.
आत्म-निरीक्षण -- introspection.
  • आत्मक a:tmak — a Sanskrit suffix meaning imbued with, steeped in, full of, concerned with, belongingto or forming the nature of, composed or consisting of (as रागात्मक, भावात्मक).
  • आत्मनेपद a:tmanepad — (nm) in Sanskrit grammar, the form of verb which implies an action belongingor reverting to self.
  • आत्मसेवी a:tmsevi: — (nm and a) self-seeker, self-server.
  • आत्मा a:tmā: — (nf, also used as nm by Sanskritists) soul, spirit.
आत्मा को दुःखपहुँचाना -- to make one turn in one'sgrave; to cause grief (to).
आत्मा ठंडी होना -- to be gratified; to be fulfilled.
  • आत्मानंद a:tmā:nānd — (nm) the pleasure of self-realisation.
  • आत्मानुभव a:tmā:nubhav — (nm) self-experience.
  • आत्मानुभूति a:tma:nubhu:ti — (nf) self-experience, self-realisation.
  • आत्माभिमा/न a:tmā:bhimā:n — (nm) self-respect.
आत्माभिमानी -- self-respecting, proud of oneself.
  • आत्माभिव्यंजना a:tmā:bhivyāṇjanā: — (nf) self-expression.
  • आत्माभिव्यक्ति a:tmā:bhivyakti — (nf) self-expression.
  • आत्मावलं/बन a:tmā:vlāmbān — (nf) self-dependence; self-reliance.
आत्मावलंबी -- self-dependent; self-reliant.
  • आत्मिक a:tmīk — (a) spiritual; pertaining to self; hence आत्मिकता (nf).
  • आत्मीकरण a:tmī:karāṉ — (nm) assimilation.
  • आत्मीय a:tmī:y — (a) pertaining to self, one's own, intimate; (nm) kith andkin.
आत्मीयता -- cordiality; intimate relationship, close affinity.
  • आत्मोत्कर्ष a:tmotkarsh — (nm) eudaemonia; self-elevation.
  • आत्मोत्सर्ग a:tmotsarg — (nm) self-sacrifice.
  • आत्मोद्धार a:tmoddha:r — (nm) self-salvation, beatitude.
  • आत्मोन्नति a:tmonnāti — (nf) self-sublimation, self-elevation.
  • आत्मोपजीवी a:tmōpji:vi: — (a) self-sustaining.
  • आत्यंतिक a:ttyāntik — (a) extremistic, excessive.
आत्यंतिकता -- extremism.
  • आदत a:dat — (nf) habit.
आदतन -- by force of habit, as a matter of habit.
  • आदम a:dām — (n) Adam (the first man.
  • आदमियत a:dmiyāt — (nf) gentlemanliness; humanity; humaneness.
  • आदमी a:dmī: — (nm) a man, human being.
बनना -- to become humane, to be humanised; to be civil andwell-mannered.
  • आदर a:dar — (nm) respect, deference, esteem.
आदरणीय -- respectable, reverend.
आदर भाव -- respect, esteem.
  • आदर्श a:darsh — (nm) an ideal, a model, norm; pattern; (a) ideal, model.
आदर्शवाद/वादिता -- Idealism.
आदर्शवादी -- an idealist; idealistic.
  • आदर्शक विज्ञान a:darshakviggya:n — (nm) a normative science.
  • आदर्शलोक a:darshlok — (nm) Utopia.
  • आदर्शीकरण a:darshi:karaṉ — (nm) idealisation.
  • आदर्शोक्ति a:darshokti — (nf) a motto.
  • आदाता a:da:ta: — (nm) recipient; receiver; payee; donee.
  • आदान a:dā:n — (nm) receiving, taking.
आदान-प्रदान -- giving and taking exchange.
  • आदाब a:da:b — (nm) manners; salutation.
आदाब-अर्ज़ -- salutation, greeting.
आदाब बजा लाना -- to salute humbly, to make obeissance.
  • आदायी a:da:i: — (a) recipient; payee; donee.
  • आदि a:di — (nm) beginning; (ind) etcetera; (a) early, initial, primordial.
आदिकवि -- the first-ever poet आदि Va:lmi:ki, the author of Sanskrit Ra:ma:yaṉ.
आदिकालीन -- primitive.
आदिकाव्य -- the Ra:ma:yaṉ of Va:lmi:ki —the first literary creation.
आदि पुरुष -- Brahma: —the creatorof the Universe.
आदिरूप -- prototype.
  • आदिक a:dik — (ind) etcetera.
  • आदितः a:ditah — (adv) ab initio; de novo.
  • आदित्य a:ditty — (nm) the sun.
आदित्यवार -- Sunday.
  • आदिम a:dīm — (a) primitive, early; first.
  • आदिल a:dil — (a) just, equitable.
  • आदिवासी a:diva:si: — (nm) an aboriginal; (a) aboriginal.
जनजाति/जाति -- aboriginal tribe, aborigines.
  • आदिष्ट a:dishṭ — (a) commanded, commissioned.
  • आदी a:di: — (a) habitual; habituated, accustomed.
  • आदृत a:ddrit — (a) honoured, respected.
  • आदेय a:dey — (a) worth-receiving or accepting.
  • आदे/श a:desh — (nm) command; (in Grammar) substitution of oneletter for another; precept.
आदेशात्मक -- imperative, expressingcommand.
  • आदेशिका a:deshika: — (nf) precept.
  • आद्यंत a:ddyānt — (adv) from beginning to end.
  • आद्य a:ddy — (a) first, initial; primitive; archaic.
आद्य स्वरूप -- archetype.
  • आद्यक्षर a:ddyakshar — (nm) initials.
  • आद्योपांत a:ddyopā:nt — (adv) from beginning to end.
  • आधा a:dha: — (a) half; moiety.
आधा तीतर आधा बटेर -- intermingling of heterogeneous elements, discordant objects jumbled together.
आधा-साझा -- equal partnership.
आधा रह जाना/हो जाना -- to bereduced to half (due to illness, tension etc).
आधी छोड़ सारी को धावे, आधी राहे न सारी पावे -- he who huntstwo hares leaves one and losesthe other/to repeat the story ofthe dog and the shadow/he whograsps all, loses all.
  • आधान a:dhā:n — (nm) containing; depositing.
आधान-पात्र -- a container.
  • आधार a:dha:r — (nm) base; basis; foundation.
  • आधारित a:dha:rit — (a) based (on).
  • आधासीसी a:dha:si:si: — (nf) hemicrania, pain affecting half of the forehead.
  • आधि a:dhi — (nf) mental agony/suffering.
आधि-व्याधि -- mental and physical suffering.
  • आधिकारिक a:dhika:rik — (a) official, authoritative; (nm) the main plot; hence आधिकारिकता (nf).
  • आधिक्य a:dhikky — (nm) abundance, plenty; excess.
  • आधिदैविक a:dhidaivik — (a) proceeding from divine or supernatural agencies.
  • आधिपत्य a:dhipatty — (nm) supremacy; power.
  • आधिभौतिक a:dhibhautik — (a) material; derived or produced from the primitive elements.
  • श्राधिराज्य a:dhira:jjy — (nm) suzerainty.
  • आधीन a:dhi:n — (a) see अधीन.
  • आधीनता a:dhi:nta: — (nf) see अधीनता.
  • आधुनि/क a:dhunīk — (a) modern.
आधुनिकीकरण -- modernisation, adoptionof modern techniques.
आधुनिकता -- modernity.
आधुनिकता-बोध -- sense of modernity.
  • आधृत a:ddhrit — (a) based (on).
  • आधेय a:dhey — (nm and a) that which is contained; contained.
  • आध्यात्मिक a:ddhya:tmik — (a) spiritual, pertaining to the soul or the Supreme Spirit.
आध्यात्मिकता -- spirituality.
  • आनंद a:nānd — (nm) bliss, happiness; joy, pleasure, delight.
आनंद-मंगल -- peaceand happiness.
आनंदमय -- blissful, madeup or consisting of happiness; theSupreme Spirit.
आनंदवाद -- the theorypropounding the attainment ofEternal bliss as the summumbonum of life.
आनंदवादी -- a believer inhe theory of आनंदवाद.
आनंदित -- delighted, rejoiced, happy.
आनंदी -- cheerful, cheery.
  • आन ā:n — (nf) honour, prestige.
आन की आन में -- instantaneously.
आन-बान -- honour and dignity, pomp and show; grace.
आन तोड़ना -- to break one's pledge/honour.
आन रखना -- to keep one'spledge/honour.
  • आनत ā:nat — (a) bent; biassed.
  • आनन ā:nān — (nm) face; mouth.
  • आनन-फ़ानन में ā:nān-fā:nān — (mē) (adv) instantaneously, at once.
  • आनमन a:nāmān — (nm) flexure: bending.
  • आनम्य a:nāmmy — (a) flexure; pliant, pliable; flexible.
आनम्यता -- pliability, pliance; flexibility.
  • आनयन a:nayan — (nm) to bring closer/nearer, to carry towards.
  • ऑनरेरी o:nreri: — (a) honorary.
  • आना ā:nā: — (v) to come; (nm) an anna (coin).
आए दिन -- every day.
आना-जाना -- to pay visits, (to) make calls (at).
आनी-जानी -- transitory, shortlived.
आया-गया -- guest, visitor.
आ धमकना -- to appear unannounced/all of asudden.
आय गए की लाज -- a bargainis after all a bargain.
आये सेर खाये सवा सेर -- to have a large mouthbut a small girdle.
  • आना-कानी ā:nā:kā:nī: — (nf) procrastination, evasion, prevarication.
  • आनुपूर्व्य a:nūpu:rvy — (nm) succession, sequence.
  • आनुभाविक a:nubhavik — (a) empirical based on observation and experience.
  • आनुमानिक a:nūmā:nik — (a) conjectural, estimative; hence आनुमानिकता (nf).
  • आनुरूप्य a:nuru:ppy — (nm) consonance; conformity.
  • आनुवंशिक a:nuvānshik — (a) hereditary.
आनुवंशिकता -- heredity.
  • आनुषंगिक a:nushāṅgik — (a) contingent; accidental; hence आनुषंगिकता (nf).
  • आन्वयिक a:nnvaik — (a) orderly; systematic; pertaining to or related with अन्वय.
  • आप a:p — (pro) (deferential) you (second person); pronoun used toexpress respect, as distinct from तुम, तू.
आप अपने दाँव में आना -- to act asa boomerang.
आपकी सीख आपको मुबारक -- keep your breath to cool yourporridge.
आप-आपको -- each by himself, all individually.
आप काज महाकाज -- achievement of one's own end isthe greatest achievement; betterdo a thing than wish it to be done.
आपकाजी -- selfish.
आपबीती -- the story ofone's own suffering; self-experiences.
आप मरे जग परलो (परलै) -- after me, the deluge; the death's dayis the doomsday.
आप भला तो जग भला -- good mind, good find.
आपरूप -- yourhonour; incarnate.
आप से आप -- byitself, automatically.
आप ही आप -- alone, by or within one's ownself; automatically.
  • आपत् a:pat — used as a constituent in Sanskrit-based compounds, meaning sudden appearance of misfortune, distress. In compound, theultimate त् changes into द् iffollowed by a voiced sound.
  • आपत्का/ल a:patka:l — (nm) emergency, hour of distress.
आपत्कालिक -- emergent; pertaining to emergency.
  • आपत्ति a:patti — (nf) objection; predicament.
आपत्तिकाले मर्यादा नास्ति -- necessity knows no law.
  • आपद a:pad — (nf) see आपदा.
  • आपदा a:pda: — (nf) distress, adversity.
  • आपदापन्न a:pda:pann — (a) hazardous, involving distress.
  • आपद a:pad — (nf) see आपत्.
आपदग्रस्त -- in distress/distressed, seized by misfortune, fallen on evil days.
  • आपद्धर्म a:paddharm — (nm) a conduct permissible only in times of extreme distress.
  • आपस a:pas — (pro) each other, one another; (nm) fellowship, kindred.
आपस का -- one's own, of intimate circle; mutual, reciprocal.
आपस में -- mutually, with one another.
आपसवाले -- kith andkin.
  • आपसदारी a:pasda:ri: — (nf) reciprocity, mutual relationship.
  • आपसी a:psi: — (a) mutual, reciprocal.
  • आपा a:pa: — (nm) consciousness; one's own entity; ego, vanity.
आपा खोना -- toforget or lose consciousness ofreal self; to become abnormal.
आप में आना -- to attain normalcy; to attain consciousness.
आपे में नरहना, आपे से बाहर होना -- to be offone's chumb, to fly off the handle, to be overwhelmed by emotion, tolose self-control.
  • आपात a:pa:t — (nm) an emergency; catastrophe.
  • आपाततः a:pa:tatah — (adv) emergently, as a matter of emergency.
  • आपा/तिक, आपाती a:pa:tik, ~tī: — (a) emergent, pertaining to emergency.
  • आपादमस्तक a:pa:dmastak — (adv) from head to foot.
  • आपाधापी a:pa:dha:pi: — (nf) a mad race (for self-gratification), statewhere each struggles for his ownself-interest.
  • आपानगोष्ठी a:pa:ngoshṭḥi: — (nf) a drinking bout.
  • आपू/रित, आपूर्ण a:pu:rit, ~rṉ — (a) full, full to the brim; fulfilled.
  • आपूर्ति a:pu:rti — (nf) fulfilment, complete gratification.
  • आपेक्षिक a:pekshik — (a) comparative, relative.
आपेक्षिक गुरुत्व -- relative density.
आपेक्षिकता -- relativity.
  • आप्त a:pt — (a) trusted, trustworthy; respected; (nm) authority, a credible or authoritative person; umpire.
आप्तकाम -- fulfilled, one whosewishes have all been fulfilled; gratified.
आप्तत्व -- authority.
आप्त प्रमाण -- a trustworthy testimony.
आप्त वचन/वाक्य -- authoritative statement.
आप्त वर्ग -- inner circle; circle of friends.
  • आप्तोक्ति a:ptokti — (nf) a motto.
  • आप्रवास a:pprva:s — (nm) settling in a foreign country, immigration.
आप्रवासन -- (the act or process) of immigration.
  • आप्रेषक a:ppreshak — (nm) an addressee.
  • आप्रेषी a:ppreshi: — (nm) an addressee.
  • आप्लावन a:ppla:vān — (nm) inundation; immersion, complete submergence.
  • आप्लावित a:ppla:vit — (a) immersed, inundated, completely submerged.
  • आफ़त a:fat — (nf) distress, trouble.
आयेगी और भुगतनी पड़ेगी -- there willbe the device (devil) to pay.
आफ़त उठाना -- to create havoc.
आफ़त काटुकड़ा/परकाला -- a dare devil, a sharpastute fellow.
आफ़त का मारा -- distress-stricken.
आफ़त ढाना -- to work havoc.
आफ़त मचाना -- to make excessive haste; to create havoc.
आफ़त मोल लेना, आफ़त सिर पर लेना -- to ask for trouble; toinvite trouble, to own unnecessary botheration.
  • आफ़ताब a:fta:b — (nm) the sun.
  • आफ़ताबी a:fta:bi: — (nf) a sun-shed (esp. on a window).
  • ऑफ़िस ofis — (nm) an office.
  • आब a:b — (nf) lustre, brilliance; water.
आब-ताब -- splendour, brilliance, lustre.
आबदार -- brilliant, lustrous; a servant who serves water, bearer.
  • आबकारी a:bka:ri: — (nf) excise.
आबकारी महकमा -- excise department.
  • आबदस्त a:bdast — (nm) the post-excrement wash.
  • आबदाना a:bdā:nā: — (nm) see अन्न-जल.
  • आबद्ध a:baddh — (a) bound. tied up.
आबद्ध करना -- to bind.
  • आब/नूस a:bnu:s — (nm) ebony.
आबसी -- jet black (colour).
  • आबपाशी a:bpa:shi: — (nf) irrigation; watering.
  • आबरू a:bru: — (nf) honour; chastity.
आबरूदार -- respected, honourable.
आबरू उतारना -- to debauch, to violate one'schastity.
आबरू खाक में मिलाना -- to layone's honour in the dust.
आबरू में बट्टा लगना -- one's honour to be under-mined, to suffer disgrace.
आबरू बरबाद कर देना -- to give one's honour orcharacter to the winds.
आबरू लुटना -- tobe put to disgrace, to be humiliated; (a woman's) chastity to beviolated, an indecent assault tobe committed upon.
  • आबहवा a:bhava: — (nf) climate.
आबहवा बदलना -- go elsewhere for a change.
  • आबाद a:ba:d — (a) inhabited, populated; prosperous.
आबाद करना -- to settle, to populate; to reclaim (barrenland etc.).
  • आबादी a:ba:di: — (nf) population; habitation; (signs of) prosperity.
  • आबालवृद्ध a:ba:lvriddh — (ind) children and elders all.
  • आबियाना a:biyā:nā: — (nm) water-rate; water-tax.
  • आबेहयात a:behaya:t — (nm) nectar.
  • आब्दिक a:bdik — (a) yearly, annual.
  • आभरण a:bharāṉ — (nm) ornament; decoration.
  • आभा a:bha: — (nf) lustre, splendour; tint, tinge.
आभामंडल -- a halo.
  • आभार a:bha:r — (nm) obligation, gratitude; indebtedness; burden.
आभार प्रदर्शन -- expression of gratitude.
  • आभारी a:bha:ri: — (a) obliged; grateful; indebted.
  • आभास a:bha:s — (nm) an inkling; a glimpse; semblance; fallacious appearance; phenomenon; effect.
  • आभासी a:bha:si: — (a) pseudo; unreal, apparent; visual.
  • आभिजात्य a:bhija:tty — (nm) aristocracy; classicism.
  • आभीर a:bhi:r — (nm) name of an ancient rural region of India andits inhabitants; an ancient tribe; see अहीर.
  • आभूषण a:bhu:shāṉ — (nm) ornament; decoration, embellishment.
  • आभूषित a:bhu:shit — (a) ornamented; decorated, embellished.
  • आभ्यंतर a:bbhyāntar — (nm and a) the interior; internal.
  • आभ्यंतरिक a:bbhyāntarik — (a) internal, interior, inner; hence आभ्यंतरिकता (nf).
  • आमंत्रण a:māntrāṉ — (nm) an invitation, a call, solicitation; hence आमंत्रक(nm).
  • आमंत्रित a:māntrit — (a) invited, solicited.
  • आम ā:m — (nf) a mango; (a) common; general.
आम आदमी -- the commonman.
आम खाने से काम रखना, पेड़ गिननेसे नहीं -- to be concerned with thesubstance rather than the source.
आम जलसा -- a public meeting.
आमफ़हम -- current; common.
आम रस -- mangojuice.
आम राय -- popular opinion, public opinion.
आम के आम गुठलियों के दाम -- earth's joys and heaven's combined.
  • आमद a:mād — (nm) arrival; approach; coming; revenue.
आमद व-ख़र्च -- revenueand expenditure.
आमदरफ़्त -- traffic, coming and going.
  • आमदनी a:madni: — (nf) income; revenue.
आमदनी व-ख़र्च -- revenue/income and expenditure.
  • आमना-सामना a:mnā:-sa:mnā: — (nm) an encounter, confrontation; coming face to face.
  • आमने-सामने a:mnē-sa:mnē — (adv) face to face, opposite one another, head on; vis-a-vis.
  • आमरण a:mārāṉ — (ind) till death; till the end.
आमरण अनशन -- fast unto death.
  • आमलक a:mlak — (nm) see आँवला.
  • आमवात a:mva:t — (nm) rheumatism.
  • आमादा a:mā:da: — (a) intent, bent upon.
  • आमाशय a:mā:shay — (nm) stomach.
  • आमिष a:mish — (nm) meat; flesh.
आमिषभोजी -- meat-eating; carnivorous.
  • आमीन् a:mi:n — (ind) amen ! Be it so ! so let it be !.
  • आमुख a:mukh — (nm) the preamble.
  • आमुष्मिक a:mushmik — (a) transcendental, other-worldly; hence आमुष्मिकता (nf).
  • आमूल a:mu:l — (a) radical, fundamental.
आमूल परिवर्तन -- radical changes.
आमूल वादी -- a radicalist; radicalistic.
  • आमेज़ a:mez — used generally as an ultimate or intermediate memberin a compound, meaning 'mixed'.
  • आमोद a:mod — (nm) pleasure, joy, delight.
आमोद-प्रमोद -- merriment, regaling; orgy.
आमोद-यात्रा -- a pleasure-trip.
  • आमोदित a:modit — (a) delighted, full of joy.
  • आम्र a:mmr — (nm) a mango.
  • आयँत-पायँत ā:yāt-pā:yāt — (nm) the upper and lower ends of a bedstead.
  • आय a:y — (nf) income, revenue, receipt.
आय-व्यय -- income and expenditure.
आय-व्यय क -- budget.
  • आयकर a:ykar — (nm) income-tax.
  • आयत a:yat — (nf) rectangle; sentence or verse of the Qur'an; (a) wide; long, stretched.
आयतलोचन -- big-wideeyed; having big attractive eyes.
  • आयतन a:ytān — (nm) bulk, volume.
  • आयताकार a:yta:ka:r — (a) rectangular; mesomorph.
  • आयताकृति a:yta:kriti — (nf) mesomorphy; rectangular shape.
  • आयत्त a:yatt — (a) dependent; tractable.
  • आयन a:yān — (nm) ion; movement, goings.
आयनमंडल/वृत्त -- ionosphere.
  • आया a:ya: — (nf) ayah, a female attendant; (ind) whether, whetheror not; (v) came.
आया-गया -- (nm) avisitor; (v) forgiven and forgotten.
आया राम गया राम -- a frequent defectionist.
आये थे हरि भजन को ओटनलगे कपास -- to set out for the church, to strand in a lurch.
आये दिन -- every (second) day.
  • आयात a:ya:t — (nm) import.
आयातकर्ता -- (an) importer.
आयातकारी -- importing; importer.
  • आयातित a:ya:tit — (a) imported.
  • आयाम a:yā:m — (nm) magnitude, dimension; amplitude; regulation (as in प्राणायाम).
  • आयास a:ya:s — (nm) effort, exertion.
  • आयु a:yu — (nf) age.
  • आयुक्त a:yukt — (nm) a commissioner.
  • आयुध a:yudh — (nm) armament; arms, weapons.
आयुधजीवी -- a professionalsoldier.
आयुधशाला -- armoury, arsenal.
  • आयुधागार a:yudha:ga:r — (nm) an armoury, arsenal.
  • आयुधिक a:yudhik — (a) pertaining to arms; (nm) a soldier.
  • आयुर् a:yur — an allomorph of आयुस् used as the first member of numerous compound words.
  • श्रायुर्बल a:yurbal — (nm) longevity.
  • आयु/र्विज्ञान a:yurviggya:n — (nm) Medical Science.
आयुवैज्ञानिक -- medical, pertaining to Medical Science.
  • आयुर्वेद a:yurved — (nm) the Indian medicinal system; Medical Science(lit. the science of health andlongevity).
  • आयुर्वेदिक a:yurvedic — (a) of or pertaining to आयुर्वेद—the Indian medicinal system.
  • आयुष् a:yush — an allomorph of आयुस् used as the first member of compound words.
आयुष्मान -- having longlife; blessed with longevity (thisword is prefixed to the names ofyoungers to denote a wish for theaddressee to be blessed with longevity).
आयुष्य -- age; life-force.
  • आयुस् a:yus — (nm) age, life; long life.
  • आयोग a:yog — (nm) a commission (a body of persons having authority).
  • आयोजक a:yojak — (nm) convener; sponsor.
  • आयोजन a:yojān — (nm) convening; sponsoring; organising; planning.
  • आयोजना a:yojanā: — (nf) plan; planning.
आयोजना आयोग -- planning commission.
  • आयोजित a:yojit — (a) convened, arranged; sponsored.
  • आरंभ a:rāmbh — (nm) start, beginning; outset; commencement; inception.
  • आरंभिक a:rāmbhik — (a) initial, preliminary; pertaining to or related with the beginning.
  • आरक्त a:rakt — (a) rosy, reddish; hence आरक्तता (nf).
  • आरक्षक a:rakshak — (nm) police (man).
  • आरक्षण a:rakshāṉ — (nm) reservation; guarding or protecting; police function.
  • आरक्षी a:rakshi: — (nm) police (force).
  • आरज़ू a:rzu: — (nf) keen desire; yearning.
आरज़ूमंद -- desirous.
आरज़ू-मिन्नत -- supplication; request; beseeching.
आरज़ू-मिन्नत करना -- to beseech, to cajole.
  • आरती a:rti: — (nf) a ceremony performed in adoration of a deity or any outstanding personage or guest bycircular movement of a lightedlamp before his person.
आरती उतारना -- to perform आरती.
  • आर-पार a:r-pa:r — (adv) across; (nm) the two banks of a river; pond etc.; astride.
  • आरभट a:rbhaṭ — (nm) an adventurer.
  • आरभटी a:rbhaṭi: — (nf) sense of adventure.
  • आरसी a:rsi: — (nf) a mirror, looking glass.
  • आरा a:ra: — (nm) a saw.
आराकश -- a sawyer.
  • आराइश a:ra:ish — (nf) dressing; decoration; embellishment; ornamental trees, flowers etc.
  • आराधक a:ra:dhak — (nm) a worshipper, an adorer.
  • आरा/धना a:ra:dhnā: — (nf) worship; adoration; also आराधन (nm).
आराधित -- worshipped, adored.
  • आरा/धनीय a:ra:dhanī:y — (a) adorable, worthy of worship.
  • आराध्य a:ra:dhy — (a) adorable, worthy of worship; (nm) the adored one(esp. a deity).
  • आराम a:rā:m — (nm) rest; comfort; relief.
आरामकुर्सी -- an easy chair.
आरामगाह -- resting place; rest station.
आरामदेह -- comfortable.
आरामपसंद -- easy-going.
आराम करना -- to rest; to cure (of an illness).
आराम फ़रमाना -- to be resting/taking rest(said deferentially). आराम से slowly; gently; at leisure.
  • आरामतल/ब a:rā:mtalab — (a) indolent; slothful, easy-going; hence आरामतलबी (nf).
  • आरिज़ी a:rizi: — (a) temporary.
  • आरी a:ri: — (nf) a small saw, table saw.
  • आरूढ़ a:ru:ṛḥ — (a) mounted; ascended.
  • आरेख a:rekh — (nm) a diagram.
आरेखण -- making a diagram; drawing.
  • आरोग्य a:roggy — (nm) freedom from disease, health.
आरोग्य-निवास -- sanitorium.
आरोग्यप्रद -- hygienic; salubrious.
आरोग्य-लाभ -- convalescence.
आरोग्य-लाभ करना -- toconvalesce.
आरोग्यशाला -- a sanitorium; nursing home.
आरोग्य-शास्त्र -- Hygiene.
  • आरोप a:rop — (nm) allegation, charge; imputation; projection; imposition; superimposition; transplantation.
  • आरोपण a:ropān — (nm) imposition; superimposition; charge; mount; projection; transplantation.
  • आरोपित a:ropit — (a) alleged; imposed; transplanted; projected.
  • आरो/ह a:roh — (nm) ascent.
आरोह-अवरोह -- ascent and descent; (in music) modulation.
आरोही -- ascending; arider.
आरोह-क्रम -- ascending order.
  • आरोहण a:rohaṉ — (nm) ascension; ascent; climb.
  • आर्केस्ट्रा a:rkesṭra: — (nm) an orchestra.
  • आर्ट a:rṭ — (nm) art.
आर्ट-गैलरी -- an art-gallery.
आर्ट पेपर -- art paper.
  • ऑर्डर orḍar — (nm) order (for supply of something); a command.
ऑर्डर देना -- toplace an order.
ऑर्डर बुक करना -- to bookan order.
  • ऑर्डिनेंस orḍinēns — (nm) an ordinance.
  • आर्त्त a:rt — (a) aggrieved; persecuted; distressed; afflicted.
आर्त्त ध्वनि/नाद/स्वर -- cry of distress, pain or affliction.
  • आर्थिक a:rthik — (a) economic.
आर्थिक व्यवस्था -- economy; economic set-up/organisation.
आर्थिक स्थिति -- economic condition.
  • आर्द्र a:rdr — (a) wet; damp; humid; moist; tender; full of feeling.
आर्द्रता -- dampness; wetness; humidity; feeling of compassion or a compassionate mental state.
आर्द्रतामापी -- hygrometer.
आर्द्रतामिति -- hygrometry.
आर्द्रता-लेखी -- hygrograph.
आर्द्रता-विज्ञान -- hygrology.
  • आर्मेचर a:rmechar — (nm) armature.
  • आर्य a:ry — (nm) an Aryan; (a) noble, of noble stock.
  • आर्यपुत्र a:ry:puttr — (nm) a classical form of address or reference to respectable personages, esp. from thewife to her husband.
  • आर्यसत्य a:ry:satty — (nm) the great truths in Buddhist Philosophy(four such truths are enumerated.).
  • आर्य/समाज a:rysama:j — (nm) a religious order initiated by Swa:mi: Daya:nand in the latter half of the19th century in India आर्यसमाजी afollower of the principles of आर्यसमाज.
  • आर्यावर्त a:rya:vart — (nm) the land of Aryans (extending from the easternto western sea and bounded onnorth and south by the Himalayasand Vindhya mountain ranges respectively).
  • आर्ष a:rsh — (a) relating or belonging to, or derived from, the sages (ऋषि).
आर्षकाव्य-युग -- the epic age.
आर्ष ग्रंथ -- books composed by the ancientsages.
आर्ष प्रयोग -- sacred/authoritativeusages (adopted because of theirsource though grammatically inaccurate).
आर्ष वचन/वाक्य -- a statementemanating from an authority.
  • आलंकारिक a:lāṅka:rik — (a) rhetorical, pertaining to Rhetorics; ornamental; figurative, hence आलंकारिकता (nf).
  • आलं/बन a:lāmbān — (nm) foundation; base; (in Poetics) the objectthat arouses emotion; (in Rhetorics) the natural and necessary connection of a sensation which excites it; reason; cause; hence आलंबित (a).
  • आल-औलाद a:l-aula:d — (nf) progeny.
  • आलक/स a:lkas — (nm) see आलस.
आलकसी; -- see आलसी.
  • आलथी-पालथी a:lthi:pa:lthi: — (nf) a typical sedentary posture (wherein the right ankle rests on the leftthigh and the left on the rightthigh).
  • आलपिन a:lpin — (nf) a pin.
  • आलम a:lām — (nm) the world; state.
आलमपनाह -- Protector or Master of theworld; an address for kings andemperors.
  • आलमारी a:lma:ri: — (nf) see अलमारी.
  • आलय a:lay — (nm) an abode; a dwelling place; a receptacle; asylum.
  • आलवाल a:lwa:l — (nm) a basin (around a tree etc.).
  • आलस a:las — (nm) laziness, lethargy.
  • आलसी a:lsi: — (a) lazy, lethargic.
आलसीपन -- lethargic nature, lethargy, laziness.
  • आलस्य a:lassy — (nm) same as आलस (see).
  • आला a:la: — (nm) a niche or recess; an instrument; (a) superior; excellent; wet, moist.
आला दर्जे का -- of the firstorder.
  • आलाप a:la:p — (nm) preliminary modulation of voice before singing; a prelude to singing; slow elaboration of राग with or without rhythm.
  • आलारासी a:la:ra:si: — (a) slow and slothful, indolent.
  • आलिं/गन a:liṅgān — (nm) an embrace, embracing; clasp, clasping; hence आलिंगित (a).
  • आलि/म a:lim — (a) scholarly; learned.
आलिमाना -- scholarly, learned.
  • आली a:li: — (nf) (a woman's) female friend; a row; range; (a) grand; excellent.
आलीजनाब/जाह -- your ExaltedHighness!; one occupying a pre-eminent position.
  • आलीशान a:li:shā:n — (a) grand, magnificent.
  • आलू a:lu: — (nm) potato.
आलूदम -- see दम आलू.
  • आलूचा a:lu:cha: — (nm) a kind of plum —Prunus ovalifolia.
  • आलूबुख़ारा a:lu:buḳḥa:ra: — (nm) dried आलूचा (see).
  • आलेख a:lekh — (nm) a treatise; writing; plan; plot (of a graph); dictation; script.
आलेखकार -- script writer.
  • आले/खन a:lekhān — (nm) writing; painting; plotting (of a graph).
आलेखनआले- कला -- graphic art; hence आलेख्य (nm).
  • आलेप a:lep — (nm) an ointment, plaster.
  • आलोक a:lok — (nm) light; lustre; enlightenment.
  • आलोकित a:lokit — (a) lighted/lit; enlightened.
  • आलोचक a:lochak — (nm) a critic.
  • आलोचन a:lochān — (nm) criticism: observation.
  • आलोचना a:lochnā: — (nf) criticism.
  • आलोचित a:lochit — (a) criticised; reviewed.
  • आलोच्य a:lochchy — (a) worth criticising; fit to be criticised; under review.
  • आलोड़न a:loṛān — (nm) stirring, shaking, agitating.
आलोड़न-विलोड़न -- brooding; profound contemplation of prosand cons.
आलोड़ित -- stirred; agitated; well-thought (over).
  • आल्हा a:lha: — (nm) verse narrative eulogising the exploits and chivalrous deeds of A:lha: and U:dal; a balladcomposed in the traditional a:lha:metre.
आल्हा गाना -- to narrate one's exploits and experiences at length.
  • आवक a:vak — (nm) arrivals, incoming (goods, things, etc.).
  • आवधिक a:vdhik — (a) periodical.
  • आवभगत a:vbhagat — (nf) hospitality.
  • आवरक a:varak — (nm) a covering; cover.
  • आवरण a:varāṉ — (nm) a cover, covering, shell; sheath; screen; lid; envelope; cladding; mask.
आवरण-परिचय -- blurb.
आवरण-पूष्ठ -- cover page, book jacket.
  • आव/र्जन a:varjān — (nm) curb, restraint.
आवर्जना -- taboo; hence आवर्जित (a).
  • आवर्त a:vart — (nm) a whirlpool; densely populated place; recurrent.
आवर्तन -- rotation; revolution; recurrence.
आवर्तनी -- a rotator.
  • आवर्ती a:varti: — (a) recurring.
आवर्ती व्यय -- recurring expenditure.
  • आवर्धक a:vardhak — (nm) augmentor; magnifier; (a) augmenting; magnifying.
  • आवर्धन a:vardhān — (nm) magnification; augmentation.
  • आवश्य/क a:vashshyak — (a) necessary; essential; binding, obligatory; also आवश्यकीय (a).
  • आवश्यकता a:vashshyakta: — (nf) necessity, need, requirement.
आवश्यकताएँ -- wants, needs.
  • आवाँ a:vā: — (nm) a potter's kiln; furnace.
आवाँ का आवाँ बिगड़ना -- degeneration of the whole lot/clan.
  • आवागमन a:va:gamān — (nm) coming and going; transmigration.
  • आवाज़ a:va:z — (nf) sound, voice; report.
आवाज़ उठाना/ऊँची करना -- to raise the voice.
आवाज़ कसना -- to pass unwelcome remarks.
आवाज़ देना -- to call out, to hail.
आवाज़ बुलंद करना -- same as आवाज़ उठाना.
आवाज़ फटना -- to have the voicerendered hoarse.
आवाज़ भर्राना/भारी होना -- to have the voice choked withemotion.
  • आवा-जाही a:va:ja:hi: — (nf) see आना-जाना.
  • आवारगी a:va:rgi: — (nf) loafing; profligacy; reckless extravagance.
  • आवारा a:va:ra: — (nm) a vagabond, loafer; (a) vagrant, wandering, loitering; profligate.
  • आवारागर्द a:va:ra:gard — (a) loafing, vagrant, loitering, (nm) loafer; vagabond.
  • आवारागर्दी a:va:ra:gardi: — (nf) loafing; loitering, vagrancy.
  • आवा/स a:va:s — (nm) residence; dwelling place.
आवासी -- resident.
  • आवाहन a:va:hān — (nm) invocation (of a deity etc.); a call; summoning.
  • आविर्भाव a:virbha:v — (nm) advent; emergence; manifestation; becoming visible.
  • आविर्भूत a:virbhu:t — (a) emerged; manifested; become visible.
  • आविल a:vil — (a) turbid; foul; polluted; not clear; confused: hence आविलता(nf).
  • आविष्करण a:vishkarāṉ — (nm) an invention.
  • आविष्कर्ता a:vishkarta: — (nm) an inventor.
  • आविष्कार a:vishka:r — (nm) an invention.
आविष्कारक -- an inventor.
  • आविष्कृत a:vishkrit — (a) invented.
  • आविष्ट a:vishṭ — (a) possessed of an evil spirit etc.; filled by an intenseemotional sentiment etc.; charged.
  • आवृत a:vrit — (a) covered, enveloped, surrounded.
  • आवृत्त a:vritt — (a) turned round, whirled; repeated; reverted.
  • आवृत्ति a:vritti — (nf) repetition; recurrence, reversion; turning round; reprint; frequency.
आवृत्ति-सूत्र -- recurrence formula.
  • आवेग a:veg — (nm) impulse; passion; wave; emotion; paroxysm.
आवेगमूलक -- impulsive.
आवेगशील -- impulsive; impetuous.
आवेगी -- paroxysmal; impulsive.
  • आवेगात्मक a:vega:tmak — (a) impulsive, inspired by passion.
  • आवेदक a:vedak — (nm) an applicant, a petitioner.
  • आवेदन a:vedān — (nm) an application, petition; hence आवेदनीय (a), आवेदित (a).
आवेदन-पत्र -- an application, petition.
  • आवेश a:vesh — (nm) charge; agitation; intense emotion; frenzy; wrath; hence आवेशन (nm).
  • आवे/ष्टन a:veshṭān — (nm) enveloping, wrapping round; enclosure.
आवेष्टित -- enveloped, wrapped; enclosed.
  • आशं/का a:shāṅka: — (nf) apprehension; scruple.
आशंकित -- apprehensive; fullof or filled with apprehension.
  • आशना a:shnā: — (a) intimate; (nm) lover, beloved.
  • आशनाई a:shnā:i: — (nf) intimacy; illicit love.
  • आशय a:shay — (nm) intention, intent, design; purport, import, meaning; receptacle.
  • आशा a:sha: — (nf) hope.
आशाजनक -- hopeful; promising.
आशाहीन -- disgusted, disappointed, hopeless.
आशा टूटना -- tolose hope.
आशा पूजना -- to have (one's) hope fulfilled.
आशा बाँधना -- to have(one's) hope raised.
आशा की किरणफूटना -- ray of hope to emerge.
आशाओंपर तुषारपात होना -- to have all hopesdashed to the ground.
आशाओं पर पानी फिरना -- to dash one's hope; to have(one's) hopes shattered/dashed tothe ground.
  • आशा/तीत a:sha:ti:t — (a) beyond hope, unexpected.
आशावादिता -- optimisticattitude, optimism.
  • आशा/वाद a:sha:va:d — (nm) optimism.
आशावादी -- an optimist; optimistic.
  • आशावृत्ति a:sha:vritti — (nf) optimistic disposition; optimism.
  • आशिक़ a:shiq — (nm) a lover, an inamorato; (a) enamoured.
आशिक़-माशूक़ -- the lover and beloved.
आशिक़मिज़ाज -- having the temper or dispositionof a lover; given to love-making.
आशिक़ाना -- befitting or peculiar to alover.
आशिक़ी -- love-making.
  • आशिष a:shish — (nf) blessings, benediction.
  • आशीर्वचन a:shi:rvachān — (nm) blessings, words of benediction.
  • आशीर्वाद a:shi:rva:d — (nm) blessings, benediction.
  • आशु a:shu — (a) prompt, quick, speedy, swift; extempore; impromptu.
आशु आभिनय -- extempore acting.
आशुकवि -- an impromptu poet.
आशुकाव्य -- extempore poetic composition.
आशुगामी -- fast moving.
आशुतोष -- one whois easily pleased; easy to please; Lord Shiv.
आशुलिपि -- short hand, stenography.
आशुलिपिक -- a stenographer.
  • आश्चर्य a:shchary — (nm) wonder, surprise; astonishment.
आश्चर्यचकित -- surprised; bewildered, flabbergasted.
आश्चर्यचकित होना -- to be struck dumb.
  • आश्रम a:shshrām — (nm) hermitage; abode; one of the four stages in thelife of caste Hindus (viz. brahmachary —as a student of the Vedas; Grihasth —as a householder; Va:nprasth —as abandoner ofworldly things; Sannya:s —as ananchorite).
आश्रमवासी -- a hermit, inmate of an आश्रम.
  • आश्रय a:shshray — (nm) shelter, refuge; patronage; retreat; seat; hence आश्रयदाता a patron.
  • आश्रित a:shshrit — (a) depending or relying on; enjoying the support of; (nm) a dependent, refugee; protege; hence आश्रितता (nf).
  • आश्व/स्त a:shshvast — (a) assured; convinced; composed.
आश्वस्ति -- composure, assurance; hence आश्वस्तता (nf).
  • आश्वासन a:shshva:sān — (nm) assurance; guarantee.
  • आश्विन a:shshvin — (nm) the seventh month of the Hindu calendar; also called क्वार.
  • आषा/ढ़ a:sha:rh — (nm) the fourth month of the Hindu calendar.
आषाढ़ी -- pertaining to the month of आषाढ़; the full moon day in themonth of आषाढ़.
  • आसंग a:sāṅg — (nm) attachment; association; adhesion.
  • आसंजक a:sāṇjak — (a) adhesive.
आसंजकता -- adhesiveness, tack.
  • आसंजन a:sāṇjān — (nm) adhesion.
  • आस a:s — (nf) hope; expectations; support.
आस टूटना -- to lose hope, to be disappointed.
आस तकना -- to look forward hopefully.
आस तोड़ना -- to disappoint/despond.
आस बँधाना -- to extend assurances; to arouse hopes.
आस पूरना -- tohave fulfilment of hope; to begratified आस लगाना to look hopefully(to).
  • आस-औलाद a:s-aula:d — (nf) progeny.
  • आसक्त a:sakt — (a) attached; fond, addict; fascinated, charmed.
  • आसक्ति a:sakti — (nf) attachment; fascination; fondness, addiction.
  • आस/ज्जा a:sajja: — (nf) make-up; readiness; equipment.
आसज्जक -- make-up man.
  • आसत्ति a:satti — (nf) uninterrupted sequence (of words in a sentence); proximity; juxtaposition.
  • आसन a:sān — (nm) a posture; seat; saddle; stage; a small square piece of mat, carpet, deer or tiger skinused for seating.
आसन उखड़ना -- to bedislodged; to be thrown out ofgear.
आसन जमाना -- to entrench; to stickon; to be seated firmly.
आसन डिगना/डोलना -- to be allured or tempted; toget panicky or nervous.
आसन देना -- tooffer a seat (respectfully).
आसन मारनालगाना -- to sit firmly, to be firmlyentrenched.
आसन हिलना -- see आसन डिगना.
  • आसन्न a:sann — (a) imminent, impending.
आसन्नभूत -- present perfect tense (in Grammar).
आसन्नमृत्यु -- one whosedeath is imminent, under the shadow of death.
  • आस-पास a:s-pa:s — (adv) near about, in the vicinity.
  • आसमान a:smā:n — (nm) =the =sky.
आसमान का थूका मुँह पर पड़ता है -- puff not againstthe wind.
आसमान के तारे तोड़ना -- to realisean impossibility.
आसमान छूना -- same as आसमान से बातें करना.
आसमान टूटना/फटना -- to bestruck by a calamity.
आसमान दिखाना -- (esp. in wrestling or fighting) to dash to the ground withface up—to beat all ends up.
आसमान पर चढ़ना/उड़ना -- to be too vainor proud.
आसमान पर चढ़ाना -- to exaltto the skies; to spoil (somebody) by extravagant.
  • आसमानी a:smā:nī: — (a) azure; sky blue; pertaining to the sky.
  • आसरा a:sra: — (nm) reliance; shelter.
  • आसव a:sav — (nm) nourishing and intoxicating liquor prepared from yeast or ferment.
  • आस/वन a:savān — (nm) distillation.
आसवित -- distilled.
  • आसाइश a:sa:ish — (nf) comfort; ease.
  • आसान a:sā:n — (a) easy; simple; convenient.
  • आसानी a:s:ani: — (nf) convenience, easiness.
आसानी-से जीतना -- to win handsdown, to win in a counter.
आसानी सेपछाड़ना -- to knock a person's headoff, to win hands down.
आसानी से मार गिरना -- to be at one in to fits.
  • आसाम a:sā:m — (nm) see असम.
  • आसामी a:sa:mī: — (nm) see असामी.
  • आसार a:sa:r — (nm) symptom, sign; breadth of a wall.
आसार नज़र आना -- some signs to be visible.
  • आसीन a:si:n — (a) seated.
  • आसीस a:si:s — (nm) see आशिष.
  • आसुत a:sut — (a) distilled.
  • आसुरी a:suri: — (a) demonic, demon-like.
आसुरी-माया -- demonic spell/trickery.
आसुरी विद्या -- demonic, spell/trickery.
ि -- demonic skill/craft.
  • आसूचना a:su:chnā: — (nf) intelligence (secret information).
  • आस्ति a:sti — (nf) property, estate; asset.
  • आस्तिक a:stik — (nm) a theist; (a) devout, having a religious disposition.
आस्तिकता -- theism, devoutness.
  • आस्तीन a:sti:n — (nf) a sleeve.
आस्तीन का साँप -- a serpent in the bosom, a foein the guise of a friend.
आस्तीन चढ़ाना -- to clear the docks for action, toget ready (for a fight); to beprepared; to menace/threaten.
आस्तीन चढ़ाये -- with (his) buckles up.
आस्तीन में साँप पालना -- to cherish a serpent in the bosom.
  • आस्थगन a:sthagān — (nm) deferment.
  • आस्थगित a:sthagit — (a) deferred.
  • आस्था a:stha: — (nf) faith, belief.
आस्था-वान -- having faith (in).
  • आस्थान a:sthā:n — (nm) a base.
  • आस्पद a:spad — (nm) place, seat, abode; worthy (of), fit (for) (gen. usedas the last member in a compoundword such as विवादास्पद, श्रध्दास्पद, घृणास्पद); surname.
  • आस्य a:ssy — (nm) fascia.
  • आस्वाद a:ssva:d — (nm) flavour, relish.
  • आस्वाद/दन a:ssva:dān — (nm) relishing, tasting; hence आस्वाददित (a), आस्वादद्य (a).
  • आह a:h — (int) ah!; (nf) a sigh indicating deep agony.
आह पड़ना -- to be accursed; to be afflicted by curses.
आह भरना -- to heave a sigh.
आह लेना -- toprovoke the curse of.
  • आहट a:haṭ — (nf) noise, sound (as of footsteps).
आहट लेना -- to be on thequi vive (for the approachingsound of footsteps, etc).
  • आहट a:hat — (a) injured, wounded; offended.
  • आहरण a:harāṉ — (nm) exaction; usurpation.
  • आहर्ता a:harta: — (nm) exactor; usurper.
  • आहा a:ha: — (int) aha !, well done.
  • आहार a:ha:r — (nm) food. diet, victuals.
आहारविज्ञान -- dietetics.
आहार वैज्ञानिक -- a dietitian.
आहार-विहार -- routine; physical activities and dealings; hence आहारी.
आहार व्यवहार में लज्जा क्या ? -- fair exchange is no robbery; eatto your heart's content so as notto repent.
  • आहार्य a:ha:ry — (a) consumable, eatables; artificial (as अभिनय).
  • आहिस्ता a:hista: — (adv) slowly, gently, softly.
आहिस्ता-आहिस्ता -- slowly; gradually, by degrees.
  • आहुति a:huti — (nf) an oblation or offering (esp. to a deity); a sacrifice.
  • आहूत a:hu:t — (a) invited, summoned.
  • आह्ला/द a:hla:d — (nm) delight, joy, mirth.
आह्लादित -- delighted, full ofjoy.
आह्लादी -- delightful; cheerful.
  • आह्वान a:hva:n — (nm) a call, summons; invocation; citation.
आह्वान करना -- to summon; to invoke.
  • इ i — the third letter and the third vowel of the Devna:gri: alphabet.
  • इंगला iṅgla: — (nf) one of the three (इड़ा i.e. इंगला, पिंगला, सुषुम्ना) important nerves described by theHathyogi:s, better known as 'इड़ा'.
  • इँगलिश īglish — (nf) the English language; (a) English.
  • इँगलिस्ता/न īglista:n — (nm) England.
इँगलिस्तानी -- English.
  • इंगलेरन īṅglerān — (nm) angle iron.
  • इंगित iṅgit — (nm) an indication, hint, sign; gesture; (a) indicated.
  • इंच iṇch — (nm) (an) inch.
  • इंचार्ज iṇcha:rj — (a) in-charge.
  • इंजन iṇjan — (nm) an engine.
  • इंजीनिय/र iṇji:niyar — (nm) an engineer.
इंजीनियरी -- engineering.
  • इंजील iṇji:l — (nm) the New Testament.
  • इंजेक्शन iṇjekshan — (nm) an injection.
  • इंटरव्यू iṉṭarvyu: — (nm) an interview.
  • इंडेंट iṉḍeṉṭ — (nm) an indent.
  • इंडेक्स iṉḍeks — (nm) an index.
  • इंतक़ाम intqa:m — (nm) revenge.
  • इंतक़ाल intqa:l — (nm) death.
  • इंतखाब intḳḥa:b — (nm) selection; extract (from some official record).
  • इंतज़ाम intzā:m — (nm) management arrangemt.
  • इंतज़ार intza:r — (nm) wait.
इंतज़ार करना -- to wait (for).
  • इंतहा intaha: — (nf) limit, extremity.
इंतहाई -- extreme, utmost.
इंतहापसंद -- extremistic; an extremist.
  • इंदराज indara:j — (nm) an entry.
  • इंदीवर indi:var — (nm) a blue lotus.
  • इंदु indu — (nm) see 'चंद्रमा'.
  • इंद्र indr — (nm) the king of the gods; the god of rains.
इंद्रजाल -- magic; trickery.
इंद्रजालिक -- a magician; trickster.
इंद्र का अखाड़ा -- the court of Lord Indra; an assembly wherein beautiful damsels abound.
इंद्र की परी -- a fairy.
  • इंद्रधनुष indr:dhanush — (nm) a rainbow.
  • इंद्रवधु indr:vadhu: — (nf) a scarlet-red velvety insect (also known as वीरइंद्रवधु- बहूटी).
  • इंद्राणी indra:ṉī: — (nf) Lord Indra's spouse.
  • इंद्रायन indra:yān — (nm) a colocynth.
  • इंद्रिय indriy — (nf) sense, an organ of sense or action; the generative organ.
इंद्रियगत -- sensual, sensuous.
इंद्रियगोचर -- perceptible; capable of being ascertained through the senses.
इंद्रियजित -- lit. a master of the senses—one who is in full control of hissenses.
इंद्रिय-ज्ञान -- knowledge acquiredthrough the senses.
इंद्रिय-निग्रह -- self-control; control over one's sensualpleasures or appetites.
इंद्रियलोलुप -- onewho is subserviant to sensual pleasures and appetites.
इंद्रिय-सुख -- sensualpleasure.
इंद्रिय-सुख वाद -- sensualism.
इन्द्रियों को बस में करना -- to restrain one'ssensual impulses, to attain self-control.
  • इंद्रियातीत indriya:ti:t — (a) transcending the senses; trans-sensual.
  • इंद्रियार्थ indriya:rth — (nm) an object of sense (as sound, smell etc.); anything that excites the senses.
  • इंद्रियास/क्ति indriya:sakti — (nf) sensuality; attachment to sensual pleasures; hence इंद्रियासक्त (a).
  • इंधन īndhān — (nm) fuel.
  • इँधरौड़ा īndhrauṛa: — (nm) a fuel-store.
  • इंश्योरेंस īnshyorens — (nm) an insurance.
इंश्योरेंस-कंपनी -- an insurance company.
  • इंसा/न insā:n — (nm) a human being, man.
इंसानी -- human, humane.
इंसा इंसानन रहे तो उससे हैवान अच्छा -- the moreI see of men, the more I love dogs.
इंसा ग़लती का पुतला है -- to err is human.
  • इंसानियत insā:niyat — (nf) humanity; human qualities.
इंसानियत का तकाज़ा -- thedemand of humanity/humaneness.
  • इंसाफ़ insa:f — (nm) justice, justness, equity.
इंसाफ़पसंद -- just and fair, havinga keen sense of justness; hence इंसाफ़पसंदी.
  • इंस्पेक्टर inspekṭar — (nm) an inspector.
  • इक ik — an allomorph of एक used as the first member in numerous compound words.
इकतार -- monotonous; uniform.
इकलौता -- only (son); sole.
  • इकट्ठा ikaṭṭḥa: — (a) collected, gathered; (adv) together, in one lot.
  • इकतरफ़ा iktarfa: — (a) ex parte, unilateral.
इकतरफ़ा डिग्री -- exparte decree.
  • इकतरा iktara: — (nm) intermittent fever attacking the patient everyalternate day.
  • इकतारा ikta:ra: — (nm) one-stringed musical instrument.
  • इकतालीस ikta:li:s — (a) forty-one; (nm) the number forty-one.
  • इकत्तीस ikatti:s — (a) thiry-one; (nm) the number thirty-one.
  • इकन्नी ikannī: — (nf) one-anna coin (no longer in currency).
  • इक़बा/ल iqba:l — (nm) prosperity, good fortune; prestige; confession.
इक़बाली गवाह -- an approver.
इक़बाले-जुर्म -- pleading guilty, confession of crime.
  • इकमुहाँ ikmuhā: — (a) unifacial, having one mouth.
  • इक़रार iqra:r — (nm) an agreement; consent; promise; bond.
  • इक़रारनामा iqra:rnā:mā: — (nm) an agreement (in writing).
  • इकलाई ikla:i: — (nf) a fine variety of cotton sa:ri:.
  • इकल्ला ikalla: — (a) alone.
  • इकसठ iksaṭḥ — (a) sixty-one; (nm) the number sixty-one.
  • इकसार iksa:r — (a) uniform; even.
  • इकहत्तर ikhattar — (a) seventy-one; (nm) the number seventy-one.
  • इकहरा ikehra: — (a) single, single-folded; lean and thin.
  • इकाई ika:i: — (nf) a unit, the unit's place in numeration.
  • इका/र ika:r — (nm) the vowel i (इ) an its sound.
इकारांत -- (a word) endingin i (इ).
  • इकोतर ikotar — (a) one more (than).
  • इक्का ikka: — (nm) a small one-horse carriage; an ace (in the game ofcards); hence इक्की (nf).
  • इक्का-दुक्का ikka:-dukka: — (a) one or two, very few; rare.
  • इक्कीक्किस ikki:is — (a) twenty-one; (nm) the number twenty-one.
इक्कीक्किस होना -- to be superior (to), to excel.
  • इक्यानवे ikkya:nve — (a) ninety-one; (nm) the number ninety-one.
  • इक्यावन ikkya:van — (a) fiifty-one (nm) the number fifty-one.
  • इक्यासी ikkya:si: — (a) eighty-one; (nm) the number eighty-one.
  • इख़राजात iḳḥra:ja:t — (nm) expenses; expenditure.
  • इख़्तिया/र iḳḥtiya:r — (nm) see अख़्तियार; hence इख़्तियारी (a).
  • इच्छा ichchha: — (nf) desire, wish; will, animus.
इच्छा-पत्र -- a will.
इच्छा-मृत्यु -- death at will.
इच्छा दबाना -- to suppressa wish.
  • इच्छित ichchhit — (a) desired; willed.
  • इच्छु ichchhu — —a suffix denoting the sense of a wisher, one who wishes(as शुभेच्छु).
  • इच्छुक ichchhuk — (a) desirous; willing.
  • इजराय ijra:y — (nf) issue (of a decree); execution.
  • इजलास ijla:s — (nm) court; bench.
  • इज़हार izha:r — (nm) expression, manifestation.
  • इजाज़त ija:zat — (nf) permission.
  • इज़ाफ़ा iza:fa: — (nm) augmentation, addition; increase.
  • इज़ारबंद iza:rbānd — (nm) a lace used as belt.
  • इजा/रा ija:ra: — (nm) monopoly.
इजारेदार -- a monopoly-holder, monopolist.
इजारेदारी -- monopoly; monopolyholding.
  • इज्ज़त izzat — (nf) prestige; honour; respect.
इज्ज़त उतारना/बिगाड़ना/लेना -- to insult, to put to disgrace; tohumiliate.
इज्ज़त ख़ाक/धूल/मिट्टी में मिलादेना -- to lay one's honour in thedust.
इज्ज़त खोना/गँवाना -- to be disgraced, to lose one's honour or dignity.
इज्ज़त देना -- to confer dignity or honour(on); to lose honour.
इज्ज़त पर आँच आना -- one's honour to be in jeopardy.
इज्ज़त पर हाथ डालना -- to try to violatethe chastity/honour of.
इज्ज़त बेचना -- to barter/sell off one's honour.
इज्ज़त में फ़र्क आना, इज्ज़त में बट्टा लगना -- tohave one's reputation or character sullied.
इज्ज़त लूटना -- to make acriminal assault on; to ravish; to put to disgrace.
  • इज्ज़तदार izzatda:r — (a) respectable; reputed as honest and decent.
  • इठलाना iṭḥla:nā: — (v) to act affectedly, to assume swaggering airs.
  • इडा, इड़ा ida:, iṛa: — (nf) see इंगला; the earth; speech.
  • इतना itnā: — (a) this much, so much.
इतना बुरा नहीं जितना कहते हैं -- the devil is not so black as he is painted.
इतना सा मुँह रह जाना -- to feel small इतना इतने में in the meantime, in themeanwhile.
  • इतमीनान itmi:nā:n — (nm) conviction, assurance; trust, confidence.
इतमीनान का -- trustworthy.
  • इतर itar — (a) other, different.
  • इतराना itra:nā: — (v) to assume an air of exaltation, to behave in aself-conceited manner.
  • इतवार itva:r — (nm) Sunday.
  • इतस्ततः itastatah — (ind) here and there.
  • इति iti — (nf) end, conclusion; (ind) a word denoting conclusion.
  • इति/कृतम् iti kritam — —Q.E.F.
  • इति/वृत्त itivritt — (nm) a narrative; chronicle, an annal.
इतिवृत्तात्मक -- narrative, abounding in narration.
  • इति सिद्धम् iti siddham — Q.E.D.
  • इतिहास itiha:s — (nm) history.
इतिहासकार -- a historian.
इतिहासवेत्ता -- a scholar ofhistory.
  • इत्तफ़ा/क़ ittafa:q — (nm) coincidence; chance.
इत्तफ़ाक़न -- by chance.
इत्तफ़ाक़िया -- chance; accidental.
  • इत्तला ittala: — (nm) information; notice.
इत्तलानामा -- notice.
  • इत्तहाद ittaha:d — (nm) unity, union.
  • इत्यादि, इत्यादिक ittya:di, ~k — (ind) etcetera, so on and so forth.
  • इत्र ittr — (nm) perfume; scent; essence.
इत्रदान -- scent-case.
इत्रफ़रोश -- a perfumer.
इत्रसाज़ -- a perfumer.
  • इदम् idām — (pro) this.
इदम् इत्थम् -- it is like this.
  • इधर idhar — (adv) this side, this way; here.
इधर-उधर -- here and there.
इधर-उधर करना -- to shilly-shally; to throwinto disorder or confusion; to disarrange.
इधर-उधर की -- random (factetc.).
इधर-उधर की हाँकना -- to beatabout the bush; to gossip.
इधर की उधर लगाना -- to indulge in back-biting; to create strife.
इधर की दुनिया उधर हो जाना -- to have an impossibility materialised.
इधर कुआँउधर खाई -- between the devil andthe deep sea, between the Scyllaand the Charybdis.
इधर या उधर -- thisway or that.
इधर से उधर करना -- toturn topy-turvy; to displace.
  • इन in — (pro) these.
इनको -- to these.
  • इनकम inkām — (nf) income.
इनकम-टैक्स -- income-tax.
  • इनक़लाब inqala:b — (nm) revolution, radical change.
इनक़लाब ज़िन्दाबाद -- longlive revolution !.
इनक़लाबी -- revolutionary.
  • इनकार inka:r — (nm) refusal; denial; disavowal.
  • इनफ़्लुएंज़ा influenza: — (nm) influenza.
  • इनाम inā:m — (nm) prize, reward, award.
इनाम-इकराम -- tips, gifts andpresents.
  • इनायत inā:yat — (nf) favour, obligation.
इनायत करना/फ़रमाना -- to favour, to grant.
  • इने-गिने ine-gine — (a) very few, selected few.
  • इन्हें inhē: — (pro) see इनको.
  • इफ़रात ifra:t — (nf) abundance, plenty.
  • इबादत iba:dat — (nf) adoration, worship.
इबादतख़ाना/गाह -- a place of worship, mosque.
  • इबार/त iba:rat — (nf) text; writing, word.
इबारती -- textual, pertaining tothe text; written.
  • इब्तिदा ibtida: — (nf) beginning, commencement.
  • इमदा/द imda:d — (nf) aid, help.
इमदादी -- aided.
  • इमरती imarti: — (nf) a typical Indian sweet.
  • इमला imla: — (nf) a dictation (matter written at somebody's instance).
इमला लिखना -- to take dictation.
  • इमली imli: — (nf) tamarind.
  • इमाम ima:m — (nm) a religious leader.
  • इमामदस्ता ima:mdasta: — (nm) an iron mortar and pounder.
  • इमार/त ima:rat — (nf) building, structure; edifice.
इमारती -- pertaining to construction, building.
  • इम्तहान imtaha:n — (nm) examination, test.
  • इयत्ता iyatta: — (nf) limit, boundary; quantity.
  • इरा ira: — (nf) the earth; speech.
  • इरा/दा ira:da: — (nm) intention, idea.
इरादतन -- wilfully, deliberately.
इरा छोड़ देना/तर्क कर देना -- to throw upone's cards, to give up one'sidea/plan.
  • इर्द-गिर्द ird-gird — (adv) around, about, nearby.
  • इलज़ाम ilza:m — (nm) allegation, accusation, charge.
  • इलहा/म ilha:m — (nm) revelation; inspiration.
इलहामी -- inspired.
  • इला ila: — (nf) see इंगला/इड़ा.
  • इला/क़ा ila:qa: — (nm) area; sphere; district, zone, region, territory, range; locality.
इलाक़ावार -- areawise, zonewise.
इलाकेदार -- an ilaqedar.
  • इलाज ila:j — (nm) treatment; remedy, cure.
  • इलायची ila:yachi: — (nf) cardamom.
इलायचीदाना -- sweet and small roundballs of sugar containing cardamom-seeds within.
इलायची बाँटना -- lit. todistribute cardamoms—to inviteto a marriage ceremony andfeast (as per Muslim tradition).
  • इलाही ila:hi: — (int., nm) O God !; God, Almighty.
  • इल्तिजा iltija: — (nf) a request, entreaty.
  • इल्म ilm — (nm) knowledge, learning.
इल्म-ए-अदब -- poetics.
इल्मी -- academic, educational.
  • इल्लत illat — (nf) botheration; malady; addiction to vice.
इल्लत पालना/इल्लत-लगाना -- to be addicted to (vice etc.); toown up a botheration.
  • इल्ली illi: — (nf) a caterpillar.
  • इशा/रा isha:ra: — (nm) sign, signal; hint, indication; gesture.
इशारेबाज़ी -- gesticulation; winking (at).
इशारेबाज़ी करना -- totip a wink (to); to expressthrough gestures or winks.
इशारेपर चलने वाला -- a horse going wellup to bridles.
इशारो पर नाचना, किसी के -- to dance to the tune/pipe of.
  • इश्क़ ishq — (nm) love; amour.
इश्क़बाज़ -- a rake, amorously disposed, falling frequently in love; hence इश्क़बाज़ी (nf).
इश्क़ मज़ाज़ी -- mundanelove.
इश्क़ हक़ीक़ी -- transcendentallove.
इश्क़ लड़ाना -- to make love; tomake amorous advances.
  • इश्तहार ishtaha:r — (nm) advertisement; poster.
  • इष्ट ishṭ — (a) adored; favoured, favourite.
इष्टतम -- optimum.
इष्टतम आयु -- optimum age.
इष्टदेव -- a householddiety.
इष्ट-सिद्धि -- expediency.
  • इस is — (pro) this, it.
इस कान से सुनना उस कान से निकाल देना -- in at one ear and out at the other.
इस हाथ दे उस हाथ ले -- early sow, early mow.
  • इसपा/त ispa:t — (nm) steel.
इसपाती -- made of steel, steel.
इसपाती डिब्बा -- allsteel coach.
  • इसरार isra:r — (nm) entreaty, solicitation; insistence.
  • इसला/म islā:m — (nm) the religion of the Mohammedans.
इसलामी -- Islamic.
  • इसलाह isla:h — (nm) reform; correction.
  • इसे ise — (pro) to this, to it.
  • इस्तगाग़ासा istaga: g̣a:sa: — (nm) prosecution, institution of criminal proceedings in a court of law.
  • इस्तमरारी istāmara:ri: — (a) permanent.
इस्तमरारी बंदोबस्त -- permanent settlement.
  • इस्तिरी istiri: — (nf) a smoothing iron, press.
  • इस्तीफ़ा isti:fa: — (nm) resignation.
  • इस्तेमाल istema:l — (nm) use; application.
  • इस्म ism — (nm) name; noun.
इस्म-ए-शरीफ़ -- good name.
इस्मे शरीफ़, आपका -- may I know your name, please ?.
  • इह ih — (ind) here, in this world.
  • इहलीला ihli:la: — (nf) life in this world, mundane life.
इहलीला समाप्त होना -- tobreathe one's last, to pass away.
  • इह/लोक ihlok — (nm) this world, the present world.
इहलौकिक -- worldly, mundane.
  • ई i: — —the fourth vowel and the fourth letter of the Devna:gri:alphabet.
  • ईंगुर ī:gur — (nm) cinnabar, minium.
  • ईंट ī:ṭ — (nf) a brick.
ईंटकारी -- brick-work.
ईंट का घर मीट्टी कर देना -- to reduce to poverty and misery froma state of affluence and plenty.
ईंट का जवाब पत्थर से देना -- to payback in the same coin withinterest.
ईंट मारना, गुड़ दिखाकर -- tocause injury after raising highhopes.
ईंट की मस्जिद अलग बनाना, डेढ़या ढ़ाई -- (ironical) to blow one'sown trumpet; to have peculiar/uncommon ways.
ईंट से ईंट बजाना -- to raze (a building, city etc.), to bring to ruination.
  • ईंडुरी ī:ḍuri: — (nf) a roll or ring of cloth or straw etc. used to facilitate carrying of a burden on one'shead or for placing vessels or potsupon.
  • ईंधन ī:dhān — (nm) fuel, firewood.
  • ईका/र i:ka:r — (nm) the vowel i: (ई) and its sound.
ईकारांत -- a word ending in i: (ई).
  • ईख i:kh — (nf) sugarcane.
  • ईजाद i:ja:d — (nf) an invention.
ईजाद करना -- to invent.
  • ईति i:ti — (nf) calamity, distress, one of the six causes for crop-ruin.
ईति-भीति -- dread and distress.
  • ईथर i:thar — (nm) ether.
  • ईद i:d — (nf) a Muslim festival.
ईदगाह -- a place of assembly for offeringId-prayers.
ईद का चाँद होना -- to be seenonce in a blue moon; to make arare appearance.
ईद के पीछे टर्र -- a day after the fair, to kiss thehare's foot.
ईदी -- pertaining toId; a present on the occasion of Id.
  • ई/प्सा i:psa: — (nf) desire, longing.
ईप्सित -- desired; longed for; hence ईप्सु (a).
  • ईमान i:mā:n — (nm) faith, belief; integrity.
ईमान का सौदा -- fair dealing.
ईमान का खून करना -- to kill one's conscience; to barter away one'sintegrity.
ईमान की कहना -- to speakout the truth.
ईमान खोना -- to loseintegrity.
ईमान ठिकाने न रहना -- to allowone's scruples to be thrown tothe wind, to go morally astray.
ईमान डिगना -- to have one's integrityshaken.
ईमान बिगड़ना, ईमान में फ़र्क आना -- toprove faithless.
ईमान बेचना -- to sellone's conscience.
ईमान लाना, (पर) -- tohave faith in.
  • ईमानदार i:mā:nda:r — (a) honest; faithful; having integrity.
  • ईमानदारी i:mā:nda:ri: — (nf) honesty; faithfulness; integrity.
  • ईर्ष्या i:rshya: — (nf) jealousy.
ईर्ष्यालु -- jealous.
ईर्ष्यालुता -- jealousness.
  • ईश i:sh — (nm) God; Master.
ईशकोण -- the north-eastern corner.
ईशता/त्व -- Godhood; mastership.
  • ईशान i:shā:n — (nm).
ईशान कोण -- the north-eastern corner.
  • ईश्वर i:shvar — (nm) God.
ईश्वरकेंद्रवाद -- theocentricism.
ईश्वरतंत्रवाद -- theological determinism.
ईश्वर-निंदा -- blasphemy.
ईश्वर-निषेध -- denial of God, atheism.
ईश्वरनिष्ठ -- a theist.
ईश्वरवाद -- .
  • ईश्वरीय i:shvari:y — (a) Godly, divine.
ईश्वरीय संदेश -- divine message.
  • ईषत् i:shat — (a) a little, partly.
ईषत्विवृत -- partly open.
ईषत्संवृत -- partly close.
ईषत्स्पृष्ट -- partly stopped; a semi-vowel(in Grammar).
  • ईसबगोल i:sabgol — (nm) a medicinal plant and its seeds.
  • ईसवी i:svi: — (a) pertaining to Christ; Christian.
ईसवी सन् -- Christian era.
  • ईसा i:sa: — (nm) Jesus Christ.
  • ईसाई i:sa:i: — (nm) a Christian, follower of the Christian faith.
  • उ u — the fifth letter and the fifth vowel of the Devna:gri: alphabet.
  • उँगली ūgli: — (nf) a finger.
उँगली उठाना -- to reproach; to point a censuringfinger.
उँगली करना -- to harass.
उँगली पकड़कर पहुँचा पकड़ना -- to aspire for more andmore exploitation of some one, toendeavour to draw more and morebenefit out of some one.
उँगली रखना -- to point out a flaw.
उँगली नचाना -- tojeer at (a person).
उँगली पर नचाना -- totwist or turn around one's littlefinger, to make somebody danceto one's tune.
उँगली लगाना -- to renderabsolutely nominal help.
  • उंचास uṇcha:s — (a and nm) see उनंचास.
  • उँडेलना ūḍelnā: — (v) to pour (into).
  • उँह ūh — (ind) an extralinguistic sound expressing refusal, contempt, rejection, agony etc.; pshaw !.
  • उऋण urīṉ — (a) debt-free.
उऋण होना -- to pay off a debt, to be quits; tofulfil an obligation.
  • उकठना ukaṭḥnā: — (v) to wither away, to dry up.
  • उकड़ूँ ukṛū: — (nm) a squatting posture.
उकड़ूँ बैठना -- to squat.
  • उक/ताना ukta:nā: — (v) to get bored or tired, to be sick (of).
उकताहट -- boredom, weariness.
  • उकसना ukas:nā: — (v) to rise, to come up, to emerge.
  • उकसाना uksa:nā: — (v) to raise; to incite, to provoke, to instigate.
  • उक़ाब uqa:b — (nm) an eagle.
  • उका/र uka:r — (nm) the vowel u (उ) and its sound.
उकारांत -- a word ending in u (उ).
  • उकेरना ukernā: — (v) to engrave; to carve.
  • उकौना ukaunā: — (nm) the longings of a pregnant woman.
  • उक्त ukt — (a) said, stated, mentioned.
उक्त-प्रत्युक्त -- statement and counter-statement.
  • उक्ति ukti — (nf) saying, statement; dictum.
उक्ति वैचित्र्य -- ingenuity of expression.
  • उखड़ना ukhaṛnā: — (v) to be uprooted, to be struck off; to be dislodged; to be dislocated; to be out ofspirits, to be out of sorts.
उखड़ा-उखड़ा -- out of sorts, in low spirits.
उखड़ी-उखड़ी बात करना -- to talk in a.
  • उखाड़/ना ukha:ṛnā: — (v) to eradicate, to uproot, to dig out; to strikeoff; to dislocate, to dislodge.
उखाड़ फेंकना -- to dislodge; to root out, to eradicate.
  • उखाड़-पछाड़ ukha:ṛ-pachha:ṛ — (nf) ado; indiscriminate wirepulling, pulls and pushes, manoeuvrings.
  • उगना ugnā: — (v) to grow; to germinate; to spring up; to rise.
  • उगलना ugalnā: — (v) to spit out; to disgorge, to eject; to talk out.
  • उगालदान uga:ldā:n — (nm) a spittoon.
  • उगाहना uga:hnā: — (v) to realise, to collect.
  • उगाही uga:hi: — (nf) realisation, collection; the amount realised or collected.
  • उग्र uggr — (a) violent, fierce; wrathful; radical; sharp.
उग्रवाद -- radicaism, extremism.
उग्रवादी -- an extremist, radicalist; radical-minded.
  • उग्रहण uggrahāṉ — (nm) de-eclipse, cessation of an eclipse.
  • उघड़ना ughaṛnā: — (v) to be uncovered, to be exposed; to be denuded.
  • उघाड़ना ugha:ṛnā: — (v) to uncover, to expose; to bare.
  • उचंती uchānti: — (a) in suspense, not finally accounted for.
उचंती खाता -- suspense account.
  • उचकना uchaknā: — (v) to stand on tip-toe; to be extra-curious.
  • उचक्का uchakkā: — (v) a swindler, a pilferer.
उचक्कापन -- swindling, roguery.
  • उचटना uchaṭnā: — (v) to withdraw from, to be weary of, to feel dejected, to be ennuied (as जीउचटना); to be interrupted (as नींदउचटना); to rebound (as गोलीउचटना).
  • उचाट ucha:ṭ — (a) affected by ennui; mentally wearied; (nm) ennui, mental weariness.
  • उचित uchit — (a) proper, right; suitable; reasonable, fair; advisable; appropriate.
  • उच्च uchch — (a) high, tall; lofty; elevated.
उच्चता -- altitude, elevation, loftiness.
  • उच्चरित uchcharit — (a) uttered, pronounced, spoken.
  • उच्चाकांक्षा uchcha:kā:ṅksha: — (nf) noble/high ambition.
  • उच्चाटन uchcha:ṭān — (nm) causing (a person) to quit his occupation bymeans of magical incantation.
  • उच्चार uchcha:r — (nm) utterance, speech; pronunciation.
  • उच्चार/ण uchcha:rāṉ — (nm) pronunciation; articulation, utterance.
उच्चारण-स्थान -- place of articulation.
उच्चारणीय -- pronouncable, utterable; also उच्चार्य (a).
  • उच्चारित uchcha:rit — (a) spoken, uttered; pronounced.
  • उच्चित्र uchchitr — (nm) a relief (a projected moulding or carvingetc.).
  • उच्छ/लन uchchhalān — (nm) rebound, act of rebounding; hence उच्छलित (a).
  • उच्छिन्न uchchhinn — (a) cut off, uprooted.
  • उच्छिष्ट uchchhishṭ — (a) leaving; remainder (esp. of food etc.), residual, waste.
उच्छिष्टभोजी -- one whosustains on leavings.
  • उच्छू uchchhu: — (nf) choking of the throat (by the stucking up of foodetc.); a feeling like vomiting.
  • उच्छृंखल uchchhraṅkhal — (a) licentious, unrestrained; impertinent; indisciplined, disorderly.
उच्छृंखलता -- licentiousness; impertinence.
  • उच्छेद uchchhed — (nm) deletion; cutting off; uprooting.
  • उच्छेदन uchchhedān — (nm) cutting off, rooting out, uprooting.
  • उच्छ्व/सन uchchhwasan — (nm) expiration, exhalation; hence उच्छ्वसित (a).
  • उच्छ्वा/स uchchhwa:s — (nm) exhalation, aspiration; sigh; chapter (of a book), hence उच्छ्वासित (a), उच्छ्वासी (a).
  • उच्चैःश्रवा uchchaishrava: — (nm) the mythological horse belonging toIndra—chief of the gods; (a) hardof hearing.
  • उछरना uchharnā: — (v) to emerge (out of water or any other liquid).
  • उछल-कूद uchhal-ku:d — (nf) gambol, hopping and jumping; jumpingabout, frisk.
  • उछलना uchhalnā: — (v) to leap, to jump, to spring; to gambol; torebound (as a ball).
  • उछाल uchha:l — (nf) jump, leap; rebound; throw, toss.
  • उछालना uchha:lnā: — (v) to toss, to throw up.
  • उछाह uchha:h — (nm) enthusiasm; aspiration.
  • उछीर uchhi:r — (nf) scantiness of crowd or assembly.
  • उजड़ना ujaṛnā: — (v) to be deserted or devastated; to be ruined or destroyed.
  • उजड्ड ujaḍḍ — (a) boorish, rude, uncivil, ruffian.
उजड्डपन/उजड्डपना -- boorishness, rudeness, incivility.
  • उजबक ujbak — (a) foolish, idiotic, stupid; hence उजबकपन (nm).
  • उजरत ujrat — (nf) wages, remuneration.
उजरत-दर -- piece rate.
उजरती काम -- job work, piece work.
  • उजला ujla: — (a) clean: bright; white.
उजला मुँह करना -- to add a feather to one's cap; to free from slander/blot or infamy.
  • उजागर uja:gar — (a) brilliant; renowned; well-known; manifest.
  • उजाड़ uja:ṛ — (a) deserted, desolate, devastated; barren.
  • उजाड़ना uja:ṛnā: — (v) to ruin, to destroy or devastate, to render desolate.
  • उजाला uja:la: — (nm) light, brightness, splendour; (a) bright, shining, luminous.
उजाला पाख -- the bright half of amonth, the fifteen days of amoon's increase.
  • उज्ज्व/ल ujjval — (a) bright; splendid; clear; radiant; hence उज्ज्वलता (nf).
उज्ज्वलन -- (nm), उज्ज्वलित (a).
  • उज्र ujjr — (nm) objection.
उज्रदार -- one who files an objection in a courtof law.
उज्रदारी -- an objection filed ina court of law.
  • उझकना ujhaknā: — (v) to peep down, to raise oneself on tip-toe, to havea view across a wall, parapet etc.
  • उठँगना uṭḥāgnā: — (v) to recline against something; to assume a recumbent posture.
  • उठँगाना uṭḥāgā:nā: — (v) to shut the leaves of a door etc. (without bolting); to lean an object againstsomething.
  • उठ/ना uṭḥnā: — (v) to raise; to get up; to be rented out; to passaway, to expire.
उठ जाना -- to die; tocome to an end.
उठती उम्र -- the ageof emergent youth.
उठती जवानी -- blossoming youth.
उठते-बैठते -- eachand every moment; all the time.
उठना-बैठना -- close association intimate relationship.
  • उठाईगी/र, उठाईगीरा uṭḥa:i:gi:r, ~ra: — (nm) a pilferer, a petty thief.
उठाईगीरी -- pilferage.
  • उठान uṭḥā:n — (nm) build; ascent, elevation; rise, coming up; blossoming youth.
  • उठाना uṭḥā:nā: — (v) to raise, to lift up; to wake up; to rent out; tobear; to remove.
उठा न रखना, बात/प्रयत्न (आदि) -- to leave no stone unturned, to spare no effort.
उठारखना -- to postpone, to put off.
  • उड़द uṛad — (nf) horse-bean, black gram.
  • उड़न uṛān — an allomorph of उड़ना used as the first member in compound words.
उड़नखटोला -- a legendaryflying cot.
उड़नछू होना -- to disappear allof a sudden, to vanish.
उड़नझाईं -- dodge, trickery.
उड़नदस्ता -- a flyingsquad.
  • उड़/ना uṛnā: — (v) to fly, to fade, to get dim; to vanish; to explode.
उड़ आना -- to come at a fast pace.
उड़ चलना -- to go flying or at a terrific speed.
उड़ती खबर -- an unconfirmednews, a rumour.
उड़ती चिड़िया के पंखगिनना/पहचानना -- to know the rookas he is seen.
  • उड़ाऊ uṛa:u: — (a) extravagant, squandering; on the verge of a take off.
उड़ाऊ-खाऊ -- a squanderer; squanderous.
उड़ाऊपन -- extravagance, squandering.
  • उड़ाका uṛa:ka: — (nm) an aviator, flier.
  • उड़ाकू uṛa:ku: — (a) flying, sky-going; capable of flying.
  • उड़ान uṛā:n — (nf) a flight; sortie.
उड़ानघाई -- fraud, dodge; sortie.
उड़ान भरना -- to make a flight; to make a flightof imagination.
उड़ान मारना -- to putforth excuses; to hoodwink.
  • उड़ाना uṛa:nā: — (v) to fly; to squander; to steal or kidnap; to explode, toblow away.
उड़ा देना -- to blow theexpense; to blow.
  • उड़िया uṛiya: — (nm) the people of Orissa; (nf) the language of thestate of Orissa (India).
  • उड़ीसा uṛi:sa: — (nm) an eastern state of the Indian Union (also called उत्कल).
  • उड़ौहाँ uṛāūhā: — (a) ready to fly, on the verge of a take-off.
  • उड्डयन uḍḍayān — (nm) aviation; flight.
उड्डयन-विभाग -- department of aviation.
  • उड्डीन uḍḍi:n — (a) in flight, air-borne.
  • उड्डीयमान uḍḍi:ymā:n — (a) flying, air-borne.
  • उढ़काना uṛḥka:nā: — (v) to shut (the leaves of a door etc. withoutbolting).
  • उतना utnā: — (a) that much, to that extent.
  • उतरन utrān — (nf) second hand/old/worn-out clothes; cast-off clothing; also उतरन-पुतरन (nf).
  • उतरना utarnā: — (v) to get down, to alight; to go down (as बुखारउतरना); to come off or decay; to be dislocated (as बाँहउतरना); to land, to disembark; to be off colour(as चेहराउतरना).
  • उतराई utra:i: — (nf) tax for crossing a river; ferriage; unloading.
  • उतराना utra:nā: — (v) to float.
  • उतान utā:n — (a) supine, upright.
  • उतार uta:r — (nm) descent; depreciation; fall; ebb-tide; down-gradient, falling gradient.
  • उतार-चढ़ाव uta:r-chaṛḥa:v — (nm) ups and downs, rise and fall, fluctuation; vicissitude, variation.
  • उतारन uta:rān — (nf) see उतरन.
  • उतारना uta:rnā: — (v) to bring down; to unload; to cause to disembark, dismount or descend; to dislocate; to copy; to take across.
  • उतारा uta:ra: — (nm) the process of moving certain offerings overheadfor delivering somebody possessedof an evil spirit; such offerings.
  • उतारू uta:ru: — (a) bent upon, intent; dead set; ready for.
  • उतावला uta:vla: — (a) rash, impatient; harum scarum.
  • उतावलापन uta:vla:pān — (nm) rashness, impatience; hastiness.
  • उतावली uta:vli: — (nf) haste; impatience.
  • उत् ut — a Sanskrit prefix denoting over, above, transgression, elevation, predominance etc.
  • उत्कंठा utkāṉṭḥa: — (nf) curiosities; longing; craving; ardour.
  • उत्कंठित utkāṉṭḥit — (a) curious, keenly desirous; eager; longing (for).
  • उत्कट utkaṭ — (a) excessive, keen, intense; gigantic; richly endowed with.
  • उत्कर्ष utkarsh — (nm) exaltation, excellence; eminence; prosperity; hence उत्कर्षक, उत्कर्षी (a).
  • उत्कल utkal — (nm) ancient name of उड़ीसा (see).
  • उत्कीर्ण utki:rṉ — (a) carved; worked out in relief.
उत्कीर्णन -- inscribing inrelief, engraving.
  • उत्कृष्ट utkrishṭ — (a) excellent; eminent, outstanding; superior.
उत्कृष्टता -- excellence; eminence; superiority.
  • उत्केंद्रक utkendrak — (a) centrifugal; co-centric.
  • उत्कोच utkoch — (nm) bribe, vanality.
  • उत्क्रम, उत्क्रमण utkrām, ~aṉ — (nm) reversal.
  • उत्क्रांति utkrā:nti — (nf) reversal; death.
  • उत्क्षिप्त utkshipt — (a) ejected; thrown up or away.
  • उत्क्षेपण utkshepāṉ — (nm) ejection; throwing up.
  • उत्खनन utkhanān — (nm) digging; excavation.
  • उत्तप्त uttapt — (a) burning; simmering; intensely excited; fermented; hence उत्तप्तता (nf).
  • उत्तम uttam — (a) the best; excellent, good.
उत्तमता -- excellence.
उत्तम पुरुष -- first person.
  • उत्तमर्ण uttamarṉ — (nm) a creditor.
  • उत्तर uttar — (nm) answer, reply; north; later.
उत्तर कांस्य युग -- latebronze age.
उत्तरजीवित -- survived, surviving.
उत्तरजीविता, जीवित्व -- survival, survivorship.
उत्तरजीवी, -- surviving; survivor; survived.
उत्तर पाषाण युग -- neolithic age.
उत्तर प्रत्युत्तर -- reply and counter-reply, argument.
  • उत्तरदान uttardā:n — (nm) bequest, bequeathing.
  • उत्तरदायित्व uttarda:yitv — (nm) responsibility; obligation; onus; accountability.
  • उत्तरदायी uttarda:yi: — (a) responsible; answerable, accountable.
  • उत्तरप्रदेश uttarpradesh — (nm) the biggest Indian state in terms of population, situated in the northern part of the country, lyingbetween Delhi, Haryana, MadhyaPradesh and Bihar.
  • उत्तरभोगी uttarbhogi: — (nm) a reversioner.
  • उत्तरवर्ती uttarvarti: — (a) subsequent; later; northern.
  • उत्तराखंड uttara:khāṉḍ — (nm) the northern part of India lying inproximity with the Himalayas.
  • उत्तराधिका/र uttara:dhika:r — (nm) inheritance; succession, right of succession.
उत्तराधिकारी -- inheritor, heir, successor.
  • उत्तरायण uttara:yāṉ — (nm) the summer soltice when the sun is on the north of equator.
  • उत्तरार्ध uttara:rdh — (a) the latter half.
  • उत्तरी uttari: — (a) northern.
उत्तरी ध्रुव -- the north pole, arctic.
  • उत्तरीय uttari:y — (a) northern; (nm) the upper or outer garment.
  • उत्तरोत्तर uttarottar — (a and adv) progressive, progressively; successive, successively; hence उत्तरोत्तरता (nf).
  • उत्तल uttal — (a) convex.
उत्तलता -- convexity.
  • उत्तान utta:n — (a) supine, upright.
  • उत्ताप utta:p — (nm) excessive heat; ferment; distress; affliction.
  • उत्ताल utta:l — (a) high; violent; plentiful.
  • उत्तीर्ण utti:rṉ — (a) passed, got through (an examination).
  • उत्तुंग uttuṅg — (a) high, lofty.
  • उत्तेजक uttejak — (a) provocative; exciting; stimulating.
उत्तेजक पदार्थ -- excitant, stimulant.
  • उत्तेजन uttejan — (nm) provocation; stimulation; excitement.
  • उत्तेजना uttejnā: — (nf) provocation; stimulation; excitement.
उत्तेजनाजनक/प्रद -- provocative; stimulating; exciting.
उत्तेजनापुर्ण -- provocative, full ofprovocation.
उत्तेजित -- provoked; excited; stimulated.
उत्तेजित करना -- to provoke: to excite; to stimulate.
  • उत्तेजनीयता uttejni:yta: — (nf) excitability; provocability.
  • उत्तोलन uttolān — (nm) weighing; act of raising; a lever.
  • उत्थान utthā:n — (nm) rise (up), act of rising.
उत्थान-पतन -- rise and fall.
उत्थित -- risen (up).
  • उत्थाप/न uttha:pān — (nm) raising up, elevating; elevation.
उत्थापक -- (a) elevating; (nm) an elevator.
  • उत्पत्ति utpatti — (nf) production, produce; birth; origin.
  • उत्पन्न utpann — (a) produced; born; originated.
उत्पन्न करना -- to produce; toprocreate.
  • उत्पल utpal — (nm) a (blue) lotus.
  • उत्पाटन utpa:ṭān — (nm) uprooting; exterpating.
  • उत्पा/त utpa:t — (nf) mischief, confusion, nuisance.
उत्पाती -- mischievous, miscreant; naughty.
  • उत्पा/द utpa:d — (nm) product(s), yield, produce; also उत्पाद्य (nm).
  • उत्पादक utpa:dak — (nm) producer; originator.
उत्पादकता -- productivity, fecundity, fertility.
  • उत्पा/दन utpa:dān — (nm) production, product, produce; out-turn, output; reproduction.
उत्पादित -- produced.
उत्पादिता -- productivity.
  • उत्पीड़क utpi:ṛak — (nm) oppressor; (a) oppressive.
  • उत्पीड़न utpi:ṛān — (nm) oppression; persecution; harassment.
  • उत्पीड़ित utpi:ṛit — (a) oppressed; harassed; persecuted.
  • उत्प्रवास utprava:s — (nm) emigration.
  • उत्प्रक्षा utpreksha: — (nf) poetical fancy (a figure of speech).
  • उप्प्रेरक utprerak — (nm) a catalyser, catalytic agent.
  • उत्प्रेरण utpreraṉ — (nm) catalysis, activation.
  • उत्प्लावक utpla:vak — (nm) a floater.
  • उत्फुल्ल utphull — (a) blossomed; delighted, in high spirits; hence उत्फुल्लता (nf).
  • उत्संबोधन utsambodhāṉ — (nm) apostrophe.
  • उत्स uts — (nm) a fountain; spring, source.
  • उत्सर्ग utsarg — (nm) sacrifice, abandonment.
  • उत्सर्जन utsarjān — (nm) excretion; emission, abandoning.
  • उत्सव utsav — (nm) festival, celebration; festivity.
  • उत्साह utsa:h — (nm) enthusiasm, zeal.
उत्साहपूर्ण -- full of beans, in highspirits, as keen as mustard.
उत्साह भंग करना -- to demoralise.
उत्साहवर्धक -- encouraging.
उत्साहवर्धन -- encouragement.
उत्साह की लहर दौड़ना -- a wave ofenthusiasm to spread out, to beinfected by a sense of enthusiasm.
  • उत्साही utsa:hi: — (a) enthusiastic; (nm) an enthusiast.
  • उत्सुक utsuk — (a) curious, eager, keen.
उत्सुकता -- curiosity, eagerness, anxiousness.
  • उथल-पुथल uthal-puthal — (nf) upheaval, turmoil.
उथल-पुथल मचाना -- to cause an upheaval.
  • उथला uthla: — (a) shallow.
उथलापन -- shallowness.
  • उदंत udānt — (nm) news, report.
  • उदधि udadhi — (nm) ocean, sea.
  • उदय uday — (nm) rising; rise, ascent; emergence; (fig.) prosperity.
  • उदयाचल udaya:chal — (nm) the mythological mountain from behind which the sun is supposed to rise.
  • उदयास्त udaya:st — (nm) rise and fall, ascent and descent; rising and setting.
  • उदर udar — (nm) abdomen, stomach.
उदर-वृद्धी -- dropsy.
उदरस्थ -- devoured, swallowed, eaten; abdominal.
उदरीय -- abdominal.
  • उदात्त uda:tt — (a) sublime, lofty; acute (accent); hence उदात्तता (nf).
  • उदार uda:r — (a) generous, liberal; magnificent.
उदारचेता, उदार मनस्क, उदारमना -- noble-minded, magnanimous, open-minded.
उदारहृदय -- liberal, noble-minded, open-minded; hence उदारहृदयता (nf).
  • उदारता uda:rta: — (nf) magnanimity, generosity; liberality.
उदारतावाद -- liberalism.
उदारतावादी -- liberal; a liberalist.
  • उदास uda:s — (a) sad, dejected, gloomy.
  • उदासना uda:snā: — (v) to wrinkle up (the bedding, bedsheet, etc.).
  • उदासी uda:si: — (nf) sadness, dejection, melancholy.
  • उदासीन uda:si:n — (a) indifferent; disinterested, non-chalant.
उदासीनता -- indifference; disinterestedness; non-chalance.
  • उदा/हरण uda:harāṉ — (nm) an example, instance; illustration.
उदाहृत -- illustrated; exemplified.
  • उदाहरणात्मक uda:harāṉa:tmāk — (a) exemplary; illustrative.
  • उदाहरणार्थ uda:harāṉa:rth — (ind) for instance, for example, e.g.
  • उदित udit — (a) risen, ascended; emerged.
  • उदी/ची udi:chi: — (nf) the north (direction).
उदीच्य -- belonging to the north, northern; an inhabitant ofthe north.
  • उदीयमान udi:ymā:n — (a) rising, ascending.
  • उद्गम udgām — (nm) origin, fountain-head, source; rising, coming up.
उद्गमन -- rising, coming up.
  • उद्गार udga:r — (nm) (expression of) inner feelings/sentiments.
  • उद्गीत udgi:t — (nm) an anthem.
  • उद्घा/टन udgha:ṭān — (nm) inauguration, release; uncovering; hence उद्घाटित (a).
  • उद्घोष udghosh — (nm) proclamation.
  • उद्घोषक udghoshak — (nm) a proclaimer; herald, announcer.
  • उद्घोषण udghoshaṉ — (nm).
उद्घोषणणा ṉ -- a: (nf) proclamation, announcement.
  • उद्दंड uddāṉd — (a) contumelious, insolent, impertinent; rude; rebellious; hence उद्दंडता (nf).
  • उद्दाम uddā:m — (a) unrestrained, unbound; violent, impetuous; hence उद्दामता (nf).
  • उद्दिष्ट uddishṭ — (a) aimed at, directed; desired, intended for.
  • उद्दीपक uddi:pak — (nm) stimulant; (a) stimulating; exciting.
  • उद्दी/पन uddi:pān — (nm) stimulus, stimulation; provocation; incandescence.
उद्दीपित -- see उद्दीप्त.
  • उद्दीप्त uddi:pt — (a) stimulated; provoked; incandescent.
  • उद्दीप्ति uddi:pti — (nf) incandescence; stimulation.
  • उद्देश्य uddeshy — (nm) object; purpose; motive; subject(in Grammar); end.
उद्देश्यवाद -- teleology.
  • उद्धत uddhat — (a) contumacious; haughty; ill-behaved; boorish; impudent; hence उद्धतता (nf).
उद्धतमना -- contumacious, haughty, impudent.
  • उद्धरण uddharāṉ — (nm) quotation; citation; extract, extraction.
  • उद्धार uddha:r — (nm) deliverance, salvation; redemption, riddance; restoration; uplift.
  • उद्धारक uddha:rak — (nm) deliverer, saviour; redeemer; uplifter.
  • उद्धृत uddhrit — (a) quoted, cited.
  • उद्बुद्ध udbuddh — (a) awakened, alerted.
  • उद्बोधक udbodhak — (nm) a teacher; one who awakens (through one's teachings).
  • उदृबोधन udbodhān — (nm) awakening.
  • उद्भट udbhaṭ — (a) powerful, extraordinary, eminent.
  • उद्भव udbhav — (nm) birth; origin; coming into existence.
  • उद्भावक udbha:vak — (nm) an originator; one who conceives an idea; inventor.
  • उद्भावन udbha:vān — (nm) origination; imagination; invention; vision, conception.
  • उद्भावना udbha:vanā: — (nf) idea, concept; imagination.
  • उद्भास udbha:s — (nm) illumination, lustre; appearance.
  • उद्भासित udbha:sit — (a) appeared, come forth; illuminated.
  • उद्भिज्ज udbhijj — (a) sprouting from beneath the ground; (nm) vegetation.
  • उद्भूत udbhu:t — (a) produced; born; emerged.
  • उद्भ्रांत udbhrā:nt — (a) wandering; bewildered.
  • उद्यत uddyat — (a) ready, prepared; hence उद्यतता (nf).
  • उद्यम uddyām — (nm) enterprise; venture; exertion; diligence.
उद्यमकर्ता -- an entrepreneur.
  • उद्यमी uddyamī: — (nm) an entrepreneur; (a) enterprising; diligent.
  • उद्यान uddyā:n — (a) a garden.
उद्यानविद्या -- horticulture, gardening.
  • उद्यापन uddya:pān — (nm) closing ceremony (of a religious performance).
  • उद्योग uddyog — (nm) industry; labour, effort.
उद्योग धंधा -- industry.
उद्योगपति -- an industrialist.
उद्योगवाद -- industrialism.
उद्योगी -- industrious.
  • उद्योगी/करण uddyogi:karāṉ — (nm) industrialisation; hence उद्योगीकृत (a).
  • उद्रेक uddrek — (nm) overflow; abundance, preponderance, excess.
  • उद्विग्न uddvign — (a) restless, troubled, unquiet; hence उद्विग्नता (nf).
  • उद्वे/ग uddveg — (nm) restlessness, uneasiness, unquiet; hence उद्वेगी (a).
  • उद्वे/लन uddvelān — (nm) turmoil; agitation.
उद्वेलित -- agitated, worked up.
  • उधड़ना udhaṛnā: — (v) to be unsewn; to be ripped/opened out; to beuntwisted; to be unrolled; to beunravelled; to be excoriated.
  • उधर udhar — (adv) on that side, that way.
उधर से -- from the other side, from that side.
उधर ही उधर -- keepingaway, excluding the speaker.
  • उधार udha:r — (nm) borrowing; credit; loan; debt.
उधार खाता -- credit account.
उधार खाना -- to subsist on borrowings.
उधार खाए फिरना -- bent onsomething, to be only too readyfor something.
उधारदाता -- a lender.
  • उधेड़/ना udheṛnā: — (v) to unsew; to unravel; to open up; to unroll, tountwist; to excoriate.
उधेड़ कर रखदेना -- to excoriate thoroughly, toinflict a thorough beating; to expose thoroughly, to uncover eachand every secret.
  • उधेड़बुन udheṛbun — (nf) lit. unpicking and weaving—hence a process ofindecisive, uneasy and constantreflection.
  • उनंचास unāṇcha:s — (a) forty-nine; (nm) the number forty-nine.
  • उन un — (pvo) those, the oblique plural form of वह (see).
उन्हीं पैरों लौट जाना -- (said of person) to return without a stop/even a moment's pause.
  • उनचास uncha:s — (a) see उनंचास.
  • उनतालीलिस unta:li:lis — (a) thirty-nine; (nm) the number thirty-nine.
  • उनतीतिस, उनत्तीस unti:tis, unatti:s — (a) twenty-nine; (nm) the number twenty-nine.
  • उनमना unmānā: — (a) see अनमना.
  • उनवान unvā:n — (nm) heading; title.
  • उनसठ unsaṭḥ — (a) fifty-nine; (nm) the number fifty-nine.
  • उनहत्तर unhattar — (a) sixty-nine; (nm) the number sixty-nine.
  • उनासी una:si: — (a) see उन्यासी.
  • उनींदा unī:da: — (a) sleepy, drowsy; dozing.
  • उन्नत unnāt — (a) elevated; high; developed; lofty; improved.
  • उन्नति unnāti — (nf) progress, rise; promotion; improvement, betterment; development.
  • उन्नतोदर unnātodar — (a) convex.
  • उन्नमन unnamān — (nm) (the act of) bending upwards; lifting up, raising; increase.
  • उन्नयन unnayān — (nm) progress; development; uplift; elevation.
उन्नयनवाद -- meliorism.
  • उन्नाब unna:b — (nm) the jujube tree and its fruit—Rhamnus zizyphus.
  • उन्नायक unnā:yak — (nm) champion (of a cause); exponent; uplifter.
  • उन्निद्र unnidr — (a) insomnolent.
उन्निद्र रोग -- insomnia.
  • उन्नीस unni:s — (a) nineteen; (nm) the number nineteen.
उन्नीस बीस होना -- to beslightly better or worse/moreor less/superior or inferior; tobe almost equal.
उन्नीस होना -- to beinferior, to be lower in rank, quality etc.
  • उन्मज्जन unmajjān — (nm) emergence.
  • उन्मत्त unmātt — (a) intoxicated; wild; crazy; hence उन्मत्तता (nf).
उन्मत्त प्रलाप -- mad/delirious utterances, disjointed and irrelevant talk, raving.
उन्मत्त होना -- to be in a frenzy; to behysterical; to run amuck.
  • उन्मद unmad — (a) see उन्मत्त.
  • उन्माद unma:d — (nm) hysteria, insanity; lunacy; mania; intoxication; rabidity; frenzy, intense passion; hence उन्मादक (a), उन्मादग्रस्त (a), उन्मादन (nm).
उन्मादी -- insane; frenzied; hysterical.
  • उन्मी/लन unmī:lān — (nm) opening (of eyes); blooming; hence उन्मीलित (a).
  • उन्मु/क्त unmukt — (a) liberated, free; unrestricted unrestrained; open; hence उन्मुक्तता (nf).
उन्मुक्ति -- immunity; liberation; absence of restriction.
  • उन्मुख unmukh — (a) inclined, disposed (towards); intent.
  • उन्मूलन unmu:lān — (nm) uprooting, rooting out; abolition; extermination, extirpation.
उन्मूलन करना -- to abolish; to exterminate; to root out.
  • उन्मेष unmesh — (nm) opening; blooming.
  • उन्मोचन unmochān — (nm) discharge; liberation.
  • उन्यासी unnyā:si: — (a) seventy-nine; (nm) the number seventy-nine.
  • उप up — a Sanskrit prefix denoting proximity, commencement, diminution, subordination, secondarycharacter, etc.
  • उपकथा upkatha: — (nf) a sub-plot, side plot.
  • उपकर upkar — (nm) a cess.
  • उपकरण upkarāṉ — (nm) appliance; equipment, apparatus.
  • उपकर्ता upkarta: — (nm) a benefactor.
  • उपकार upka:r — (nm) beneficence, benefaction; good.
उपकार मानना -- to feelgrateful, to express gratitude.
  • उपकारक upka:rak — (nm) benefactor; (a) beneficial, beneficent; favourable.
  • उपकारी upka:ri: — (a) beneficial; favourable; helping, obliging; (nm) a benefactor.
  • उपकुलपति upkulpati — (nm) (formerly used to mean) Vice-Chancellor(now the word कुलपति is used tomean Vice-Chancellor).
  • उपकृत upakkrit — (a) obliged, grateful.
  • उपक्रम upakkram — (nm) preparation, a beginning; prelude.
उपक्रम करना -- toundertake, to set about (doingsomething).
  • उपखंड upkhāṉḍ — (nm) sub-clause, sub-part.
  • उपगम upgām — (nm) approach, access.
  • उपग्रह upaggrah — (nm) satellite, secondary planet.
  • उपचय upchay — (nm) accumulation; increase.
  • उपचर्या upcharya: — (nf) nursing.
  • उपचा/र upcha:r — (nm) treatment, remedy; attending (upon); formality; seasoning.
उपचारक -- a male nurse.
उपचारिका -- a nurse.
  • उपज upaj — (nf) produce, product; crop, harvest, yield, out-turn.
  • उपजना upajnā: — (v) to be produced; to be born; to grow; to spring up.
  • उपजाऊ upja:u: — (a) fertile, productive.
उपजाऊपन -- fertility, productivity.
  • उपजात upja:t — (nm) a bye-product.
  • उपजाति upja:ti — (nf) a sub-caste.
  • उपजाना upja:nā: — (v) to (cause to) grow; to produce.
  • उपजिह्वा upjihwa: — (nf) epiglottis.
  • उपजीविका upji:vika: — (nf) an occupation.
  • उपजीव्य upji:vvy — (a) affording or serving for livelihood/subsistence, that on which one rests or depends.
  • उपटना upaṭnā: — (v) to be uprooted; to be torn off; to fall off.
  • उपत्यका upattyaka: — (nf) a valley, low-lying land.
  • उपदंश updānsh — (nm) syphilis.
  • उपदान updā:n — (nm) a subsidy.
  • उपदेवता updevta: — (nm) a demi-god.
  • उपदेश updesh — (nm) precept, sermon; preaching, teaching.
उपदेशवाद -- didacticism.
उपदेशवादी -- didactician; didactic.
उपदेशात्मक -- didactic; hence उपदिष्ट (a).
  • उपदेशक updeshak — (nm) a preceptor, sermoniser.
  • उपदेष्टा updeshṭa: — (nm) see उपदेशक.
  • उपद्रव upaddrav — (nm) riot, disturbance: mischief; tumult, kick-up.
  • उपद्रवी upaddravi: — (a) riotous, rowdy; mischievous; naughty; (nm) a rioter, rowdy.
  • उपद्वीप upaddvi:p — (nm) an islet, isle.
  • उपधान updhā:n — (nm) a pillow, bolster.
  • उपधारा updha:ra: — (nf) a sub-clause.
  • उपनगर upnagar — (nm) a suburb.
  • उपनदी upnadi: — (nf) a rivulet.
  • उपनयन upnayān — (nm) a ceremony marking the investiture of thesacred thread (यज्ञोपवीत or जनेऊ).
  • उपनाम upnā:m — (nm) pen name, nom de plume; nickname, alias.
  • उपना/यक upna:yak — (nm) a side-hero.
उपनायिका -- a side-heroine.
  • उपनियम upniyām — (nm) a bye-law; sub-rule.
  • उपनिवेश upnivesh — (nm) a colony; settlement.
उपनिवेशवाद -- colonialism.
उपनिवेशवादी -- colonialist (ic).
उपनिवेशिक -- colonial.
  • उपनिवेशी upniveshi: — (nm) a coloniser.
  • उपनिषद् upnishad — (nm) sacred ancient books of the Hindus.
  • उपन्या/स upānnyā:s — (nm) a novel.
उपन्यासकार -- a novelist.
उपन्यासिका -- a novelette.
  • उपपति upapati — (nm) a paramour.
  • उपपत्ति upapatti — (nf) proof, evidence.
  • उपपत्नी upapatni: — (nf) a mistress, keep, hetaera.
  • उपप्रमेय upappramey — (nm) a corollary.
  • उपबन्ध upbāndh — (nm) a provision, proviso.
  • उपभवन upbhavān — (nm) an annexe, a supplementary building.
  • उपभाषा upbha:sha: — (nf) a sub-language; dialect.
  • उपभुक्त upbhukt — (a) consumed; used.
  • उपभेद upbhed — (nm) a sub-division; sub-classification.
  • उपभोक्ता upbhokta: — (nm) a consumer; user.
  • उपभो/ग upbhog — (nm) enjoyment/enjoying; consuming/consumption; using; hence उपभोगी (nm), उपभोग्या (a).
  • उपभोज्य upbhojjy — (a and nm) consumable(s), consumptible(s); worth-enjoying.
  • उपमंत्री upmāntri: — (nm) a Deputy Minister.
  • उपमति upmāti — (nf) acquiescence.
  • उपमहाद्वीप upmaha:dvi:p — (nm) a sub-continent.
  • उपमा upmā: — (nf) a simile; comparison.
  • उपमान upmā:n — (nm) the object of comparison as 'कमल' in मुखकमल —lotus like face. (cf. उपमेय).
  • उपमित upmit — (a) compared; illustrated by comparison.
  • उपमेय upmey — (nm) the subject of comparison, that which is compared(with); (a) comparable(with).
  • उपयुक्त upyukt — (a) proper, suitable, appropriate; used.
उपयुक्तता -- expediency; suitability, appropriateness.
  • उपयोक्ता upyokta: — (nm) a user.
  • उपयोग upyog — (nm) use, utilisation/utility; exploitation.
उपयोगकर्त्ता -- a usufructuary; consumer.
  • उपयोगिता upyogita: — (nf) usefulness, utility.
उपयोगितावाद -- utilitarianism.
उपयोगितावादी -- utilitarian; utilitarianist (ic).
  • उपयोगी upyogi: — (a) useful; helpful; serviceable.
उपयोगीकरण -- processing; rendering serviceable.
  • उपरत uprat — (a) detached, disinterested.
  • उपरांत uprā:nt — (adv) after, afterwards.
  • उपराष्ट्रपति upra:shṭrapati — (nm) Vice-President.
  • उपरि upari — (int) above.
  • उपरिलिखित uparilikhit — (a) above-given, above-mentioned.
  • उपरूप upru:p — (nm) an allomorph.
  • उपरूपक upru:pak — (nm) a secondary or lower category of ru:pak (see) which has eighteen different types.
  • उपरोक्त uprokt — (a) see उपर्युक्त.
  • उपर्युक्त uparyukt — (a) aforesaid above-mentioned, said above.
  • उपल upal — (nm) hail.
  • उपलक्ष/ण uplakshāṉ — (nm) a characteristic; the act of implying something that has not been expressed or made explicit; metonymy.
उपलक्षणा -- implication.
  • उपलक्षित uplakshit — (a) implied, conveyed through implication.
  • उपलक्ष्य uplakshy — (nm).
उपलक्ष्य में -- on account of; to celebrate.
  • उपलब्ध uplabdh — (a) available; acquired; hence उपलब्धता (nf).
  • उपलब्धि uplabdhi — (nf) achievement; accomplishment, attainment.
  • उपलभ्य uplabbhy — (a) available.
उपलभ्यता -- availability.
  • उपला upla: — (nm) a cow-dung cake.
  • उपल्ल्ला upalla: — (nm) the upper portion or fold; (a) upper.
  • उपवन upvān — (nm) a garden, park, parkland.
  • उपवाक्य upvā:kky — (nm) a clause.
  • उपवा/स upvā:s — (nm) fast.
उपवासी -- one who observes a fast.
  • उपविभाग upvibhā:g — (nm) sub-division; a subordinate department. cation.
  • उपव्यवसाय upvyavsa:y — (nm) an avocation.
  • उपश/मन upshamān — (nm) abatement; subsidence; hence उपशमित (a).
  • उपशाखा upsha:kha — (nf) sub-branch, subsidiary branch.
  • उपशिक्षक upshikshak — (nm) a tutor.
  • उपशीर्षक upshi:rshak — (nm) a sub-heading; sub-title.
  • उपसंगी upsāṅgi: — (a) subsidiary, auxiliary.
  • उपसंपादक upsāmpā:dak — (nm) a sub-editor.
  • उपसंहार upsānha:r — (nm) an epilogue; conclusion, concluding chapter(of a book).
उपसंहार खंड -- apodosis.
उपसंहार करना -- to conclude, to say by way ofconclusion.
  • उपसभापति upsabha:pati — (nm) Vice-President, Vice-Chairman.
  • उपसमिति upsamiti — (nf) a sub-committee.
  • उपसर्ग upsarg — (nm) a prefix.
  • उपसाधक upsa:dhak — (a) accessory.
  • उपस्कर upaskar — (nm) equipment, apparatus.
  • उपस्त्री upastri: — (nf) a keep, mistress.
  • उपस्थ upasth — (nm) buttock (s); male or female genitals.
  • उपस्थापन upastha:pān — (nm) presentation; representation (on the stage etc.).
  • उपस्थित upasthit — (a) present.
उपस्थित होना -- to be present; to attend.
  • उपस्थिति upasthiti — (nf) presence, attendance, roll-call.
  • उपहसित uphasit — (nm) a loud derisive laughter.
  • उपहा/र upha:r — (nm) a present, gift.
उपहारी -- one who presents (a gift).
  • उपहास upha:s — (nm) derision, ridicule, mockery.
उपहास करना -- to deride, to ridicule.
उपहास-चित्र -- a caricature.
  • उपहासास्पद upha:sa:spad — (a) ridiculous, absurd, worth being laughed at; hence उपहासास्पदता (nf).
  • उपहास्य upha:ssy — (a) ridiculous, fit to be laughed at.
  • उपांग upā:ṅg — (nm) an accessory organ, a minor limb or memberof the body; sub-division.
  • उपांत upā:nt — (nm) a border; edge, margin; proximity to the end, edge or margin; vicinity, proximity.
  • उपांतिक upā:ntik — (a) proximate/proximal, near, marginal.
  • उपां/तिम, उपांत्य upā:ntim, ~tty — (a) last but one, penultimate.
  • उपाकर्म upa:karm — (nm) a ritual performed on pu:rṉima: in the month of Shra:vaṉ as a pre-requisite to the commencement of the recitation of the Vedas.
  • उपाख्यान upa:kkhyā:n — (nm) an episode, a subordinate tale or story; anecdote.
  • उपाटना upa:ṭnā: — (v) to uproot; to tear off; to fell, to cause to fall off.
  • उपादान upa:dā:n — (nm) material (cause); ingredient.
उपादान कारण -- the material cause.
  • उपादेय upa:dey — (a) useful, of utility, beneficial; hence उपादेयता (nf).
  • उपाधि upa:dhi — (nf) degree; qualification; title; attribute; botheration.
  • उपाध्यक्ष upa:ddhyaksh — (nm) Vice-President; Vice-Chairman; Deputy Speaker.
  • उपाचय, उपाचयन upa:pchay, ~n — (nm) metabolism.
  • उपाय upa:y — (nm) way, measure; device; cure, remedy.
  • उपायोजन upa:yojān — (nm) attachment.
  • उपा/र्जन upa:rjān — (nm) earning; acquisition, acquirement.
उपार्जित -- earned; acquired.
उपार्जित रुचि -- acquired interest.
  • उपालंभ upa:lambh — (nm) complaint; reproach.
  • उपास upa:s — (nm) see उपवास.
  • उपासक upa:sak — (nm) a worshipper; an adorer.
  • उपासना upa:snā: — (nf) worship, adoration.
उपासना पद्धति -- cult; technique of worship.
  • उपासित upa:sit — (a) a dored, worshipped.
  • उपास्थि upa:sthi — (nf) cartilage.
  • उपास्य upa:ssy — (a) adorable, worthy of worship, fit to be revered or honoured.
  • उपाहार upa:ha:r — (nm) refreshment.
उपाहार-कक्ष/गृह -- refreshment room/house.
  • उपेक्षणीय upekshṉī:y — (a) negligible, fit to be ignored/neglected/discarded; hence उपेक्षणीयता (nf).
  • उपेक्षा upeksha: — (nf) negligence; neglect, disregard.
उपेक्षाकारी -- negligent.
उपेक्षा करना -- to ignore, to disregard, to brush aside.
  • उपेक्षित upekshit — (a) neglected, ignored; discarded, disregarded.
  • उपोद्घात upodgha:t — (nm) exordium, prolegomenon.
  • उफ़ uf — (int) ah!.
उफ़ न करना -- to endure quietly, not to utter a sigh or syllable (in face of unbearable agony).
  • उफनना uphannā: — (v) to boil over; to effervesce; to fume or froth.
  • उफान uphā:n — (nm) effervescence; ebullience, ebullition.
  • उबकाई ubka:i: — (nf) nausea, a feeling of vomiting.
  • उबट/न ubṭān — (nm) a cosmetic paste rubbed over the body for cleaning and softening of the skin; hence उबटना (v).
  • उबरना ubarnā: — (v) to be liberated; to get rid of, to be free; to be salvaged.
  • उबल/ना ubalnā: — (v) to boil, to simmer.
उबल पड़ना -- to infuriate into a torrent of invectives, to give unrestrained vent to one's rage.
  • उबाना uba:nā: — (v) to bore, to cause to be fed up.
  • उबारना uba:rnā: — (v) to liberate, to emancipate, to rid, to salvage.
  • उबाल uba:l — (nm) boiling, seething, simmering.
  • उबालना uba:lnā: — (v) to boil; to cause to simmer; to heat till a liquid boils.
  • उबासी uba:si: — (nf) a yawn.
उबासी आना -- (nf) to yawn.
  • उभय ubhay — (a) both; the two.
उभयचर -- an amphibian; amphibious.
उभयतः -- on both sides; in both cases; in both manners.
उभयतोमुख -- having a face at each of the two sides, double-faced.
उभयनिष्ठ -- common to both; loyal to both; hence उभयनिष्ठता( nf).
पक्ष -- the two sides/parties/aspects; hence उभयपक्षता (nf).
उभयभावी -- ambivalent.
उभयमुख -- ambivert.
उभयमुख ता -- ambiversion.
उभय लिंग -- common gender.
उभयविधि -- of both types.
उभयवृत्ति -- ambivalence.
उभयात्मक -- made up of the two, covering both.
  • उभरना ubharnā: — (v) to emerge; to protrude or project; to bulge out.
  • उभार ubha:r — (nm) a bulge, bulging; projection or protrusion; bossing.
  • उभारना ubha:rnā: — (v) to incite or instigate, to provoke; to raise; to(cause to) protrude; (nm) incitement.
  • उमंग umāṅg: — (nf) aspiration; gusto, zeal.
उमंग भरा -- in high spirits, as keenas mustard.
  • उमॅगना umāgnā: — (v) to be ebullient; to feel an inner upsurge, to be ina gusto.
  • उमड़ना umaṛnā: — (v) to surge; to overflow, to flood, to burst with; to gust, to gather thick.
उमड़ना-घुमड़ना -- to gather thick (as बादल); to concentrate.
  • उम/दा unda: — (a) nice, fine, excellent.
उमदगी/उमदापन -- excellence, fineness, nicety.
  • उमस umās — (nf) sultriness, sultry weather.
उमस-भरा -- sultry, stuffy.
  • उमा umā: — (nf) the goddess Pa:rvati: —Lord Shiv's spouse.
  • उमेठना umeṭḥnā: — (v) to twist, to wring; to wind; to pull, (as कान).
  • उम्दा unda: — (a) see उमदा.
  • उम्मीद ummī:d — (nf) hope, expectation.
उम्मीद बर आना -- to have a wish fulfilled, to have a wish realised.
उम्मीदों पर पानी फेरना -- to lash allhopes to the ground.
  • उम्मीदवा/र ummī:dva:r — (nm) a candidate.
उम्मीदवारी -- candidature.
  • उम्र ummr — (nf) age; lifetime.
उम्र का पैमाना/प्याला भर जाना -- to approachone's end, to complete the daysof one's life.
उम्र क़ैद -- life imprisonment.
उम्र क़ैदी -- prisoner for life.
उम्र ढलना -- to age, to be on the wane.
उम्रदराज़ होना -- to have a longlife.
उम्र भर -- throughout life.
उम्र भर का -- life-long.
  • उर ur — (nm) see हृदय.
  • उरद urad — (nf) a kind of pulse; black gram, Dolichos pilosus.
  • उरु uru — (nm) thigh.
  • उरूज uru:j — (nm) ascendancy, rise.
उरूज पर होना -- to be in the ascendancy.
  • उरेहना urehnā: — (v) to draw (as चित्र); to paint; (nm) etching.
  • उरोज uroj — (nm) the female breast.
  • उर्दू Urdu: — (nf) the Urdu language.
उर्दूदाँ -- a scholar of Urdu.
  • उर्फ़ urf — (ind) alias.
  • उर्मि urmi — (nf) a wave, ripple.
उर्मिल -- wavy, undulating; hence उर्मिलता (nf).
  • उर्वर urvar — (a) fertile, productive.
उर्वरता -- fertility, productivity, fecundity.
उर्वरा -- (a and nf) fertile.
  • उर्वरक urvarak — (nm) fertiliser.
  • उर्स urs — (nm) the celebration organised to observe the day of a Muslim saint's demise.
  • उलछारना ulchha:rnā: — (v) to throw up.
  • उलझन uljhān — (nf) complication; entanglement; perplexity.
उलझन में होना -- to be in the cart, to be in a fix.
  • उलझना ulajhnā: — (v) to be entangled, to be involved or ravelled up; to become complicated; to beentwined (as रस्सी); to catch acrab; to cross swords with.
  • उलझाना uljha:nā: — (v) to entangle, to complicate; to involve, to entwine.
  • उलझाव uljha:v — (nm) entanglement; involvement; complication.
  • उलटना ulaṭnā: — (v) to overturn or be overturned, to capsize; toreverse or be reversed; to subvert; to turn over.
  • उलट-पलट/पुलट ulaṭ-palaṭ/pulaṭ — (nm) shuffling; disarray, disarrangement; reversal; (a) topsy-turvy, in disarray; over-turned.
  • उलट-फेर ulaṭ-pher — (nm) shuffling, upsetting; changes; vicissitudes.
  • उलटवाँ ualṭvā: — (a) reversible.
  • उलटवाँसी ulaṭvā:si: — (nf) a form of expression which abounds in apparently.
  • उलटा ulṭa: — (a) reverse/reversed; topsy-turvy; opposite, contrary; overturned; inverted.
उलटा चलाना -- toback-drive, to drive backward.
उलटा चोर कोतवाल को डाँटे -- the case of athief threatening the policeman.
उलटा ज़माना -- strange/preposterous times.
उलटा तवा -- jet black, coal-black.
उलटा पाठपढ़ाना -- to misguide, to mislead.
उलटा-पुलटा -- topsy-tuvy, deranged; confused, higgledy piggledy.
उलटा-सीधा -- absurd, irrelevant; hurriedly performed.
उलटे छुरे से मूँडना/हलाल करना -- to fleece, to strip somebody ofmoney by befooling him.
उलटा ढँग सेकामकरना -- to skin an eel by the tail.
उलटे बाँस बरेली को -- carrying coal toNew Castle.
  • उलटी ulṭi: — (nf) vomit, vomiting; (a) upside down; topsy-turvy; backwards; see उलटा.
उलटी खोपड़ी का -- a block-head; a pervert.
उलटी गंगाबहाना -- to put the cart before thehorse, to act contrary to customarypractices.
उलटी पट्टी पढ़ाना -- to poison themind of, to mislead.
उलटी बात करना -- to put the cart before the horse.
उलटी माला जपना/फेरना -- to invoke acurse upon.
उलटी समझ -- perverted/erroneous understanding, perversion.
उलटी-सीधी सुनाना -- to scold roundly; to revile.
उलटी-सीधी हरकतें करना -- tocut papers.
उलटी हवा बहना -- the setting in of contrary wind, to putcontrary customs and manners intopractice.
उलटे पैरों लौटना -- to returnwithout a (moment's) pause.
  • उलफ़त ulfat — (nf) love, attachment.
  • उलाँघना ulā:ghnā: — (v) to cross over, to transgress; to disobey.
  • उलार ula:r — (a) too weighty at the back (used for a carriage etc.).
  • उलाहना ula:hnā: — (nm) complaint; twitting, reproach.
  • उलीचना uli:chnā: — (v) to drain out, to empty (something full of wateror other liquid) with the help ofsome device (or with the palmsof the two hands put together).
  • उलूक ulu:k — (nm) see उल्लू.
  • उल्का ulka: — (nf) a falling star, meteor; flame; firebrand.
उल्काधारी -- a torch-bearer.
उल्कापात -- the fallingof a meteor; disaster, devastation.
  • उल्था ultha: — (nm) rendering into another language, a free translation; interpretation.
  • उल्लंघन ullāṅghān — (nm) violation; contravention.
उल्लंघनकर्ता -- a violator, one who contravenes.
  • उल्लसित ullasit — (a) joyous, full of delight and joy.
  • उल्लास ulla:s — (nm) joy, delight, merriment; a chapter (of a book); revelry; elation; hence उल्लासपूर्ण/उल्लासमय(a).
  • उल्लिखित ullikhit — (a) referred, mentioned; written, inscribed.
  • उल्लू ullu: — (nm) an owl; an idiot, a fool.
उल्लू का पठ्ठा -- an absolute dullard.
उल्लू बनाना -- to befool, to make a foolof, to give one a flap with a fox-tail; to dupe.
उल्लू बोलना -- to bedeserted/ruined.
उल्लू सीधा करना -- toserve one's own ends, to jockeyfor position.
  • उल्लेख ullekh — (nm) mention, reference; citation, quotation.
उल्लेख करना -- to refer, to mention; to cite.
  • उल्लो/खनीय ullekhnī:y — (a) remarkable; worthy of being mentioned; also उल्लोख्य; hence उल्लोखनीयता (nf).
  • उषा usha: — (nf) the dawn.
  • उष्ण ushṉ — (a) hot; warm.
उष्ण कटिबंध -- tropical region or belt, tropics.
उष्णता -- warmth, heat.
  • उष्णीष ushṉī:sh — (nm) a turban; crown.
  • उष्मा ushma: — (nf) see ऊष्मा.
  • उस us — (pro) oblique singular form of वह.
उसे/उसको -- to him.
  • उसनना usannā: — (v) to knead (into a dough); to boil.
  • उसाँस usā:s — (nf) a sigh.
  • उसारा usa:ra: — (nm) a shed; verandah.
  • उसू/ल usu:l — (nm) a principle.
उसूली -- pertaining to principles; theoretical.
उसूली तौर पर -- in principle, as amatter of principle.
  • उसूलन usu:lan — as a matter of principle, in principle.
  • उस्तरा ustara: — (nm) a razor (blade).
  • उस्ता/द usta:d — (nm) a teacher; master; (a) cunning, tricky.
उस्तादी -- tutorship, teaching; cunningness, cleverness.
उस्ताद होना -- to be skilled/crafty; to be an expert.
उस्तादी दिखाना -- (to try) to be clever/cunning.
  • ऊ u: — the sixth vowel and the sixth letter of the Devna:gri: alphabet.
  • ऊँघ ū:gh — (nf) drowsiness, sleepiness.
ऊँघ लेना -- to have a nap.
  • ऊँघना ū:ghnā: — (v) to doze; to nap; to be sleepy/drowsy.
  • ऊँच-नीच ū:ch-nī:ch — (nm) pros and cons; good and evil; ups anddowns; high and low; an untowardincident.
ऊँच-नीच से वाकिफ़ होना -- to know the ropes.
  • ऊँचा ū:cha: — (a) high, lofty, elevated.
ऊँचा-नीचा -- uneven; pros and cons.
ऊँचा बोल -- arrogant utterance, talltalk.
ऊँचा सूनना -- to be hard of hearing.
ऊँची उड़ान -- far-fetched imagination, too high a flight.
ऊँची जगह -- high office/position.
ऊँची दुकान फीका पकवान -- great cry, little wool/great boast, little roast.
ऊँचे दाम -- exorbitant/high price.
ऊँचेइरादे होना -- flying at a higher game.
ऊँचे दर्जे का -- belonging to the highclass; of a high order.
ऊँचे-नीचे पाँवपड़ना -- to stumble; to go astray; to make mistakes.
  • ऊँचाईं ū:cha:i: — (nf) height, altitude, elevation; loftiness.
  • ऊँछना ū:chhnā: — (v) see ऐछना.
  • ऊँट ū:ṭ — (nm) a camel.
ऊँटगाडी -- a camel-driven cart.
ऊँटवान -- a camel driver; (देखिए) ऊँट किस करवट बैठता है( let's) wait and watch/see howthings turn out.
ऊँट की कोई कल सीधी नहीं होती -- to be unsymmetrical through and through/all round.
ऊँट की चोरी और झुके-झुके/निहुरे-निहुरे -- to tryto conceal the conspicuous.
ऊँट केमुँह में ज़ीरा -- a drop in the ocean.
ऊँट चढ़े कुत्ता काटे -- misfortune has longarms for the unlucky.
ऊँट निगल जायें दुम से परहेज़ करें -- to challenge alion and fear a lamb.
ऊँट मक्का को ही भगाता है -- water finds its own level.
  • ऊँहूँ ū:hū: — (ind) no, never !; that won't be !, not at all !.
  • ऊका/र u:ka:r — (nm) the letter u: (ऊ) and its sound.
ऊकारांत -- (a word) end-in u: (ऊ).
  • ऊख u:kh — (nm) see ईख.
  • ऊखल u:khal — (nm) see ओखली.
  • ऊजड़ u:jaṛ — (a) deserted, desolate.
  • ऊटपटाँग u:ṭpaṭā:g — (a) slipslop, absurd, ridiculous, incoherent.
  • ऊत u:t — (a) idiotic, doltish.
ऊतपन/ऊतपना -- stupidity, doltishness.
  • ऊतक u:tak — (nm) a tissue.
  • ऊदबिलाव u:dbila:w — (nm) an otter.
  • ऊदा u:da: — (a) violet.
  • ऊध/म u:dham — (nm) hurly-burly, uproar; mischief; a kick-up.
ऊधमी -- mischievous, naughty; hence ऊधभीपन( nm).
  • ऊन u:n — (nf, also nm) wool; (a) less (than), small.
ऊन की दून मारना -- to exaggerate no end.
  • ऊनी u:nī: — (a) woollen, woolly.
  • ऊपर u:par — (adv) on, upon; above; upward; over.
ऊपर की आमदनी -- extra income.
ऊपर की -- superficial सेexternally, superficially.
ऊपर वाला -- the Almighty.
ऊपर होना -- to be seniorin status or office.
  • ऊपरी u:pari: — (a) upper; superficial, artificial, showy.
  • ऊब u:b — (nf) boredom, tedium, monotony.
  • ऊबड़-खाबड़ u:baṛ-kha:baṛ — (a) uneven; rough and rugged.
  • ऊबना u:bnā: — (v) to be bored, to feel irked.
  • ऊभ-चूभ u:bh-chu:bh — (nf) floating and sinking, submerging andemerging; prolonged indecisivedeliberation.
  • ऊर्ज/स्वी u:rjasswi: — (a) energetic, vigorous, full of vigour and vitality, ऊर्जस्वित (a).
ऊर्जस्विता -- (nf) vigorousness, vitality, energy.
  • ऊर्जा u:rja: — (nf) energy; vigour and vitality.
ऊर्जाविज्ञान -- energetics.
  • ऊर्जित u:rjit — (a) energetic, full of energy.
  • ऊर्णनाभ u:rṉna:bh — (nm) a spider.
  • ऊर्ध्व u:rdhw — (a) vertical; upward.
ऊर्ध्व गति -- vertical/upward movement; emancipation, salvation.
ऊर्ध्वगामी -- moving vertically; attaining salvation.
ऊर्ध्वदृष्टि -- ambitious; lookingbeyond the world.
ऊर्ध्वलोक -- theheaven, other world.
ऊर्ध्व बिंदु -- thezenith.
  • ऊर्ध्वाधर u:rdhva:dhar — (a) vertical.
  • ऊर्मि u:rmī — (nf) see उर्मि.
  • ऊर्मिमाला u:rmīma:la: — (nf) undulation; (a series of) waves.
  • ऊर्मिल u:rmil — (a) wavy; undulating/undulatory.
  • ऊलजलूल u:l-jalu:l — (a) slob, slipslop, irrelevant, absurd, ridiculous; hence ऊलजलूलपन (nm).
  • ऊष्मक u:shmāk — (nm) a heater.
  • ऊष्मसह u:shmāsah — (a) heatproof.
  • ऊष्मा u:shmā: — (nf) heat; warmth.
  • ऊष्माधारिता u:shmā:dha:rita: — (nf) thermal capacity.
  • ऊष्मीय u:shmi:y — (a) thermal.
  • ऊसर u:sar — (a and nm) barren or fallow (land).
ऊसर की खेती -- literally, tilling a barren land —wastingone's industry, undertaking animpossible task.
  • ऊहा u:ha: — (nf) flight of imagination; far-fetched imagination, exaggerative comprehension.
ऊहापोह -- reflection on pros and cons (of a problem); indecisive reflection.
  • ऋ ri — the seventh vowel and the seventh letter of the Devna:gri:alphabet. In Hindi, however.
-- is used in writing only तत्सम words, and is not accepted as a vowelwithin the Hindi phonetic set-up.
  • ऋका/र rika:r — (nm) the letter ऋ (ri) and its sound.
ऋकारांत -- (a word) ending in ऋ (ri).
  • ऋक्थ rikth — (nm) inheritance, legacy.
ऋक्थभागी -- an inheritor.
  • ऋग्वेद rigved — (nm) the earliest of the four Vedas.
ऋग्वेददी -- well-versedin, and acting according to, the Rigved.
  • ऋचा richa: — (nf) a Vedic hymn.
  • ऋजु riju — (a) straight; simple; not crooked.
ऋजुता -- straightness; simplicity, sincerity.
  • ऋण riṉ — (nm) a debt; loan; minus.
ऋणग्रस्त -- indebted.
ऋणग्रस्त ता -- indebtedness.
ऋणऋय -- the three debts (देवऋण, ऋषिऋण, पितृऋण i.e. those of thegods, the preceptor and the parents).
ऋणदाता -- a creditor.
ऋणपत्र -- bond; security.
ऋणमुक्त -- debt-free, free from debt.
ऋणमुक्ति/शुद्धि/शोध -- repayment of a debt.
  • ऋणात्मक riṉa:tmāk — (a) negative; pertaining to or concerning a debt.
  • ऋणाधार riṉa:dha:r — (nm) a security.
  • ऋणी riṉī: — (a) indebted; (nm) a debtor.
  • ऋत rit — (nm) truth; righteousness; divine law.
  • ऋतु ritu — (nf) season.
ऋतुकाल -- the period of menstrual discharge, theperiod of menses.
ऋतुमती -- a womanin her menses.
ऋतुविज्ञान -- meteorology.
ऋतुसह -- weather-proof.
  • ऋद्धि riddhi — (nf) prosperity, accomplishment.
ऋद्धि-सिद्धि -- wealth and prosperity.
  • ऋषि rishi — (nm) a sage, seer; preceptor.
ऋषिकल्प -- saintly.
  • ए e — the seventh vowel and the seventh letter of the present dayDevna:gri: alphabet. [If ऋ (ri), and also लृ (Iri), are taken intoaccount ए becomes theninth]; o!, a vocative particle; (just) listen !.
  • एँडा-मेंडा ēṛa:-bēṛa: — (a) topsy-turvy, incoherent; unsystematic.
  • एंबुलेंस embulens — (nf) an ambulance.
  • एक ek — (a) one, a, single, alone; (nm) the number one.
एक-आध -- oneor two, a few.
एक-एक -- each andevery; one at a time.
एक-एक करके -- one.
  • एकक ekak — (nm) a unit.
  • एककालिक ekka:lik — (a) synchronic, synchronizing.
  • एकटक ekṭak — (adv) without blinking, without a wink.
  • एकड़ ekaṛ — (nf) an acre.
  • एक/तंत्र ektāntr — (nm) autocracy.
एकतंत्रवादी -- an autocrat; autocratic.
एकतंत्रात्मक, एकतंत्रीय -- autocratic.
  • एकतरफ़ा ektarfa: — (a) unilateral; one way; one-sided.
एकतरफ़ा डिग्री -- an exparte decree.
एकतरफ़ा फ़ैसला -- a unilateral decision, an ex-parte judgment.
  • एकता ekta: — (nf) oneness; unity, solidarity.
  • एकत्र ekattr — (a) together, in one place, collected.
  • एकत्रीकरण ekatri:karaṉ — (nm) collections; collecting together, accumulation.
  • एकत्रित ekattrit — (a) collected, accumulated, gathered.
  • एकत्व ekattv — (nm) see एकता.
एकत्ववाद -- monism.
एकत्ववादी -- monist (ic).
  • एकदम ekdām — (ind) suddenly, in one breath; completely; (a) perfect.
  • एकदेशीय ekdeshi:y — (a) belonging to one and the same country; localized, restricted in extent or scope.
  • एकपक्षीय ekpakshi:y — (a) unilateral, ex-parte; hence एकपक्षीयता (nf).
  • एकपत्नी/त्व ekpatnī:ttv — (mn) monogamy.
एकपत्नी-प्रथा -- monogamy.
एकपत्नीवादी -- a monogamist.
एकपत्नीवाद -- monogamy.
  • एकपार्श्विक ekpa:rshvik — (a) unilateral; one-sided.
  • एकबारगी ekba:rgi: — (adv) all at once, all of a sudden.
  • एकभाषिक ekbha:shik — (a) monolingual (for a dictionary, books, etc.).
  • एकभाषी ekbha:shi: — (a) monolingual (for men).
  • एकमत ekmāt — (a) having complete accord; unanimous.
  • एकमात्र ekmā:ttr — (a) sole; solitary; the only one.
  • एकमुश्त ekmusht — (a and adv) lump (sum); in a lump, lot.
  • एकरंगा ekraṅga: — (a) monochrome; not diverse.
  • एकरूप ekru:p — (a) uniform.
  • एकरूपता ekru:pta — (nf) uniformity.
  • एकल ekal — (a) single; alone, solitary.
  • एकलिंगिता eklingita: — (nf) unisexualism.
  • एकलिंगी eklingi: — (a) unisexual.
  • एकवचन ekvachān — (a) singular (number).
  • एक/वाद ekva:d — (nm) monism.
एकवादी -- monist(ic).
  • एकविवाह ekviva:h — (nm) monogamy.
  • एकसदनी eksadni: — (a) unicameral.
  • एकसम eksām — (a) uniform; even.
  • एकसर eksar — (a) even; fully stretched/unfolded.
  • एकसार eksa:r — (a) even, uniform; smooth.
  • एकसूत्र eksu:ttr — (a) coordinated; well-knit.
एकसूत्र करना -- to string together, to unify, to harmonise into a whole.
  • एकसूत्रता eksu:ttrata: — (nf) coordination; the state of being well-knit.
  • एकस्व ekassv — (nm) patent.
  • एकस्वदाता ekassvada:ta: — (mn) a patentor.
  • एकस्वरता ekassvarta: — (nf) monotony; the state of having one voice.
  • एकस्वी ekassvi: — (nm) a patentee.
  • एकांकी ekā:ṅki: — (a and nm) one act (play).
एकांकीकार -- a one-act play-wright.
  • एकांगी ekā:ṅgi: — (a) partial; biassed; one-sided.
  • एकांत ekā:nt — (a) exclusive; (mn) solitude; seclusion.
एकांतवास -- residingin solitude/seclusion; एकांतवासी (a).
  • एकांतता ekā:ntata: — (nf) privacy; seclusion, secludedness.
  • एकांतर ekā:ntar — (a) alternate.
  • एकांतरण ekā:ntarāṉ — (nm) alternation.
  • एकांतिक ekā:ntik — (a) exclusive; absolute, private.
  • एका eka: — (nm) oneness; unity, solidarity.
  • एका/एक eka:ek — (adv) suddenly, unexpectedly, all at once; also एकाएकी.
  • एकाकार eka:ka:r — (a) identical; fused; merged (into one).
  • एकाकी eka:ki: — (a) lonely, solitary; single.
एकाकीपन -- (a feeling of) loneliness; hence एकाकीपना (nf).
  • एकाग्र eka:ggr — (a) concentrated on the same point, intent, resolute.
एकाग्रचित्त -- closely attentive, havingfull concentration.
  • एकाग्रता eka:ggrata: — (nf) concentration (of mind), resoluteness.
  • एकात्म eka:tm — (a) forming one identity, identical, integrated (into one).
एकात्मक -- monistic.
एकात्मवाद -- mono-psychism.
  • एकादशी eka:dashi: — (nf) the eleventh day of either fortnight of a lunarmonth.
  • एकाध eka:dh — (a) one or two, a few.
  • एकाधिक eka:dhik — (a) more than one; several.
  • एकाधिका/र eka:dhika:r — (nm) monopoly.
एकाधिकारी -- a monopolist.
  • एकाधिपति eka:dhipati — (nm) an absolute ruler; exclusive master.
  • एकाधिपत्य eka:dhipatty — (nm) exclusive sway, absolute mastery; autocracy.
  • एका/र eka:r — (nm) the vowel e (ए) and its sound.
एकारांत -- (a word) ending in e (ए).
  • एकार्थक eka:rthak — (a) univocal.
  • एकाश्मक eka:shmāk — (a) monolithic.
  • एकी/करण eki:karāṉ — (nm) integration; amalgamation.
एकीकृत -- integrated; united; also एकीभवन (nm), एकीभूत (a).
  • एकेडमी ekeḍamī: — (nf) an academy.
  • एकेश्वरवा/द ekeshshvarva:d — (nm) monotheism.
एकेश्वरवादी -- a monotheist; monotheistic.
  • एकोन्माद ekonmā:d — (nm) monomania.
  • एक्का ekka: — (nm) see इक्का.
  • एक्सरे eksre — (nm) an x-ray.
एक्सरे विभाग -- x-ray department.
  • एजेंट ejeṉṭ — (nm) an agent.
  • एजेंसी ejensi — (nf) an agency.
  • एटर्नी eṭarnī: — (nm) an attorney.
एटर्नी जनरल -- attorney general.
  • एटलस eṭlas — (nm) an atlas.
  • एडवोकेट eḍvokeṭ — (nm) an advocate.
  • एडिट/र eḍiṭar — (nm) an editor.
एडिटरी -- editorship; an editor's work oroffice.
  • एड़शन eḍishān — (nm) an edition.
  • एड़ eṛ — (nf) spur; stroke of the heel.
एड़ लगाना -- to strike with the heel or apply the spur; to urge.
  • एड़ी eṛi: — (nf) heel.
एड़ियाँ रगड़ना -- to run about under the stress of circumstances.
एड़ी-चोटी का ज़ोर लगाना/पसीना एक करना -- to leave no stoneunturned, to put in all possibleefforts.
एड़ी से चोटी तक -- from head tofoot.
  • एतदर्थ etadarth — (ind) ad hoc.
एतदर्थ समिति -- an ad hoc committee.
  • एतबा/र etba:r — (nm) confidence, trust, belief.
एतबारी -- trustworthy.
  • एतमाद etmā:d — (nm) trust, faith.
  • एतराज़ etra:z — (nm) objection, exception.
  • एतावत eta:vat — (a) so much, this much.
एतावत मात्र -- only this much, thusfar and no more.
  • एनेमल enemal — (nm) enamel.
  • एफ़िडेविट efiḍeviṭ — (nm) an affidavit.
  • एरंड erāṉḍ — (nm) castor.
एरंड फल -- regma.
  • एलची elchi: — (nm) an envoy, emissary.
  • एलबम elbām — (nm) an album.
  • एलान elā:n — (nm) an announcement, a declaration.
  • एलार्म ela:rm — (nm) alarm.
एलार्म घड़ी -- an alarm clock.
एलार्म चेन -- an alarmchain.
  • एवं evām — (ind) and; as also.
एवं अस्तु (एवमस्तु) -- Be it so!, Thus may it be!.
  • एवज़ evaz — (nm) substitution.
एवज़ में -- in lieu of, in exchange of.
  • एवज़ी evzi: — (nm) substitute; (a) officiating, acting; relieving.
  • एषणा eshṉā: — (nf) wish, strong desire.
  • एषणीय eshaṉi:y — (a) covetable, worth-desiring (for); hence एषणीयता (nf).
  • एसिड esiḍ — (nm) an acid.
  • एसेंबली esembli: — (nf) an assembly.
  • एहतियात ehtiya:t — (nm) precaution.
एहतियातन -- by way of precaution.
एहतियाती -- precautionary.
एहतियाती कार्यवाही -- precautionary measure.
  • एहसान ehsā:n — (nm) obligation; beneficence.
एहसानफ़रामोश -- ungrateful.
एहसान जताना -- to remind (one) of the favours conferred, to burden aperson with obligation, to do agood turn and to make it aburden for the obliged.
एहसान मानना -- to feel obliged.
  • एहसानमंद ehsā:nmānd — (a) grateful; obliged; hence एहसानमंद होना.
  • एहसास ehsa:s — (nm) feeling.
  • ऐ ai — the eighth vowel and the eighth letter of modern Devna:gri:alphabet. (If ऋ (ri) and लृ (lri) are also to be taken into account, it becomes the tenth); O!, a vocative; just listen !.
  • ऐंचना āīchna: — (v) to pull; to draw; to drag; to snatch.
  • ऐंचाताना āīcha:ta:nā: — (a) squint-eyed.
  • ऐंचातानी āīcha:ta:ni: — (nf) manipulation and manoeuvring, tugging and pulling, struggle inspired byselfish motives.
  • ऐंछना āīchhnā: — (v) to comb (hair).
  • ऐंठ āīṭḥ — (nf) twist, twine, ply; torque; convolution; stiffness; conceit; perk.
ऐंठ दिखाना -- to continue one's emotional upsurge withinone self; stiff/perky, conceited.
  • ऐंठन āīṭḥān — (nf) convolution, twist; torsion, contortion.
  • ऐंठना āīṭḥnā: — (v) to twist; to contort; to extort; to warp; to fleece; to cramp; to be conceited/perky; to stiffen.
  • ऐंठू āīṭḥu: — (a) perky; arrogant, conceited.
  • ऐंड़ाना āīṛa:nā: — (v) to stretch one's limbs to relax, to have it easy.
  • ऐंद्रजालिक aindrja:lik — (nm) a sorcerer, magician; hypnotist; (a) pertaining to sorcery, magical.
  • ऐंद्रिय āīndriy — (a) sensual, pertaining to senses; also ऐंद्रियक (a).
  • ऐकमत्य aikmāty — (nm) unanimity.
  • ऐकांतिक aikā:ntik — (a) exclusive, without exception; hence ऐकांतिकता (nf).
  • ऐकात्म्य aika:tmy — (nm) identity, oneness.
  • ऐका/र aika:r — (nm) the vowel ai (ऐ) and its sound.
ऐकारांत -- (a word) ending in ai (ऐ).
  • ऐक्ट aikṭ — (nm) an act (of a legislature or of a play).
  • ऐक्टर aikṭar — (nm) an actor.
  • ऐक्ट्रैस aikṭres — (nf) an actress.
  • ऐक्य aikky — (nm) unity; identity, oneness.
  • ऐच्छिक aichchhik — (a) optional, voluntary.
ऐच्छिक विषय -- an optional subject.
  • ऐडमिरल aiḍmiral — (nm) an admiral.
  • ऐडवांस aiḍvā:ns — (nm) an advance.
  • ऐडवोकेट aiḍvokeṭ — (nm) an advocate.
  • ऐतिहासिक aitiha:sik — (a) historic, historical.
ऐतिहासिकता -- historicity; historical genuineness.
ऐतिहासिक युग -- historic age.
  • ऐतिह्य aitihy — (nm) tradition.
  • ऐन āīn — (a) exact, just.
ऐन वक्त पर -- in the nick of time, just then, just in time, at the eleventh hour.
  • ऐनक aināk — (nf) spectacles.
  • ऐब aib — (nm) defect; vice.
ऐबदार -- defective, having lapses or demerits; hence ऐबदारी (nf).
  • ऐबी aibi: — (a) defective, faulty; having defective limbs; vicious.
  • ऐयार aiya:r — (a) shrewd, wily, sly; (nm) a shrewd person, skilled manipulator having the requisites of a gifted detective.
  • ऐयारी aiya:ri: — (nf) wiliness, shrewdness; job or profession of an ऐयार.
  • ऐयाश aiya:sh — (a and nm) (a) debauch, lewd; one addicted to luxurious life.
  • ऐयाशी aiya:shi: — (nf) debauchery, lewdness, lechery; living in luxury.
  • ऐरा-ग़ैरा aira:-g̣aira: — (a) inferior, trifling; alien, having no status.
ऐरा-ग़ैरा नत्थू ख़ैरा, ऐरा-ग़ैरा पँच कल्यानी -- Tom, Dick and Harry, Tag-rag and bobtail.
ऐरा-ग़ैरा होना -- to follow in the crowd of nobodies.
  • ऐरावत aira:vat — (nm) the mythological elephant of Indra, Chief of gods.
  • ऐलान ailā:n — (nm) see एलान.
  • ऐश aish — (nm) sensuous pleasure, enjoyment, luxury.
ऐशपरस्त -- wedded/given to sensual enjoyment/pleasure, luxury-loving; hence ऐशपरस्ती.
ऐशपसन्द -- luxurious, luxury-loving.
ऐश-ओ-आराम -- luxury, luxuryand comfort.
ऐश-ओ-इशरत -- luxuryand sensual pleasure/enjoyment.
ऐश उड़ाना/लूटना -- to revel in pleasure/with sensual enjoyment.
  • ऐश्वर्य aishvary — (nm) opulence; prosperity, glory and grandeur.
ऐश्वर्यवान/शाली -- opulent; prosperous.
  • ऐसा aisa: — (a) such, of this type.
ऐसा-वैसा -- trifling, of no consequence; insignificant.
ऐसी (की) तैसी -- an abusive expression (directed towardssomething or someone); down(with him).
ऐसा ऐसा करना/ऐसा में जानेदेना -- damn it, let it go to hell, todamn with feint praise.
  • ऐसे aise — (adv and a) in this way, thus; (a) such, of this type.
  • ऐहलौकिक aihlaukik — (a) mundane, worldly, earthly; secular, terrestrial.
ऐहलौकिकता -- mundaneness, worldliness.
ऐहलौकिकता परक -- secular, mundane.
  • ऐहिक aihik — (a) mundane, worldly, secular.
ऐहिकता -- mundaneness, worldliness; secularity.
  • ओ o — the ninth vowel and the ninth letter of modern Devna:gri: alphabet. (If ऋ & लृ are to be taken intoaccount, it becomes the eleventh); O !, a vocative particle.
  • ओंकार oṅka:r — (nm) the sacred and mystical syllable om (ऊँ).
  • ओक ok — (nm) the hollow of a palm/the two palms formed into a cup (as for drinking water).
  • ओकना oknā: — (v) to vomit.
  • ओकाई oka:ī: — (nf) nausea, feeling of vomiting.
  • ओका/र oka:r — (nm) the vowel and the sound O (ओ).
ओकारांत -- (a word) ending in ओ (O).
  • ओखली okhli: — (nf) a mortar (for pounding grain in).
ओखली में सिर देना -- to be ready to undertake risks andface ordeals deliberately, to takeup a difficult challenge.
ओखली में सिर दिया तो मूसलों से क्या डरना -- overshoes over boots.
  • ओघ ogh — (nm) aggregate, multitude, collection.
  • ओछा ochha: — (a) petty, mean, low, trifling; small; shallow.
ओछापन -- pettiness, meanness, smallness; shallowness.
ओछा वार करना -- to hit belowthe belt.
  • ओज oj — (nm) vigour and virility; lustre, splendour.
ओजस्वी -- vigorous and virile, brilliant; hence ओजस्विता( nf.).
  • ओझल ojhal — (a) out of sight; evanescent.
ओझल होना -- to get out of sight.
  • ओझा ojha: — (nm) an exorcist, one who cures by the magic ofcharms.
  • ओट oṭ — (nm) a cover, shelter.
ओट लेना -- to take shelter/cover.
  • ओटना oṭnā: — (v) to gin; to boil (a liquid) for long.
  • ओटा oṭa: — (nm) a small raised chair-like platform.
  • ओठ oṭḥ — (nm) a lip.
ओठ चबाना -- to be in fury/rage.
ओठ फड़कना -- throbbing of the lips signifying suppressed rage.
ओठों पर -- on the verge ofbeing uttered.
  • ओढ़ना oṛḥnā: — (v) to cover (the body) with; to own up; (nm) covering, covering sheet, etc.
ओढ़ना-बिछौना -- covering and bedding, total belongings/possessions.
ओढ़े कि बिछाये -- (said of a thing when it is) utterlyinsufficient; of no avail.
  • ओढ़नी oṛḥnī: — (nf) a woman's mantle.
ओढ़नी बदलना -- (for women) to become intimate friends.
  • ओत-प्रोत otapprot — (a) full of, ins pired/permeated by/infused with.
  • ओफ़ of — (ind) Oh !; Ah me !, an expression of pain, grief, wonder, etc.
  • ओम् ōm — (nm) the sacred word prefixed and suffixed to the Veda mantras symbolising God Almighty.
  • ओर or — (nm) side, direction; beginning.
  • ओर-छोर or-chhor — (nm) the beginning and the end; the two ends.
ओर-छोर न होना -- .
  • ओरी ori: — (nf) eaves, projecting edges of a thatching.
  • ओलती olti: — (nf) eaves.
  • ओला ola: — (nm) a hailstone, hail.
  • ओवरकोट ovarkoṭ — (nm) an overcoat.
  • ओवरसिय/र ovarsiyar — (nm) an overseer.
ओवरसियरी -- and overseer's position or job.
  • ओषधि oshadhi — (nf) a medicinal herb; medicine.
  • ओष्ठ oshṭḥ — (nm) see ओठ.
  • ओष्ठ्य oshṭḥy — (a) labial.
ओष्ठ्य वर्ण -- a labial letter.
  • ओस os — (nf) dew.
ओस का मोती -- lit. a pearl of dew, i. e. somethingvery shortlived.
ओस चाटने से प्यासनहीं बुझती -- dew drops can scarcelyquench one's thirst.
ओस पड़ना -- to loseluster/brilliance.
  • ओसर osar — (nf) a young cow or buffalo yet to reproduce.
  • ओसाना osā:nā: — (v) to winnow.
  • ओसा/रा osa:ra: — (nm) a verandah or shed; also ओसारी (nf).
  • ओह oh — (int) oh! an exclamation of sorrow or wonder, etc.
  • ओह/दा ohda: — (nm) post; designation; rank, status.
ओहदे के एतबार से -- ex-officio, by virtue of an office.
  • ओहदेदा/र ohdeda:r — (nm) an officer; an office-bearer.
ओहदेदारी -- an office; official position.
  • ओहो oho — (ind) alas ! an expression of regret.
  • औ au — the tenth vowel and the tenth letter of the Devna:gri: alphabet (exclusive of ऋ and लृwhich are not accepted as Hindivowels by modern phoneticians).
  • औंठ āūth — (nf) border; rim (of a utensil).
औंठ उठाना -- to reclaim waste land.
  • औंड़ा āūṛa: — (a) deep.
औंड़ाई -- depth.
  • औं/धा āūdha: — (a) upside down, inverted, overturned, with the face downwards.
औंधी खोपड़ी -- perverted, stupid; blockhead.
औंधे मुँह -- procumbent; prostrate; face downwards.
  • औंधाना āūdha:nā: — (v) to turn upside down; to overturn.
  • औंस auns — (nm) (an) ounce.
  • औक़ात auqa:t — (nf) status; capability.
औक़ात , बाज़ -- at times.
औक़ात का ध्यान होना, अपनी -- to be aware of one's status.
  • औका/र auka:r — (nm) the letter au (औ) and its sound.
औकारांत -- (a word) ending in au (औ).
  • औघड़ aughaṛ — (nm) a carefree and unsophisticated man; an uncouthperson; (a) carefree; difficult (todeal with).
  • औचक auchak — (ind) all of a sudden, abruptly.
  • औचित्य auchitty — (nm) propriety, appropriateness; validity.
  • औचित्य-स्थापन auchitty-stha:pān — (nm) rationalisation; establishment.
  • औज़ार auza:r — (nm) an instrument.
  • औटना auṭnā: — (v) to continue to boil (for a long time) with aslow fire.
  • औट/पाय auṭpa:y — (nm) mischief, mischievous activity.
औटपाई -- mischievous, naughty (person).
  • औटाना auṭa:nā: — (v) to (cause to) boil (with a slow fire) for a longtime.
  • औढर auḍḥar — (a) easily propitiated, easy to please.
औढर दानी -- a bountiful giver, one who gives away with a free hand.
  • औत्सुक्य autsukky — (nm) see उत्सुकता.
  • औदार्य auda:ry — (nm) see उदारता.
  • औदीच्य audi:chchy — (a) pertaining to or belonging to the north.
  • औद्धत्य auddhatty — (nm) incivility, impertinence, rudeness, haughtiness.
  • औद्योगिक auddyogik — (a) industrial.
औद्योगिकता -- industrialism.
औद्योगिक युग -- industrial age.
  • औद्योगी/करण auddyogi:karāṉ — (nm) industrialisation.
औद्योगीकृत -- industrialised.
  • औने-पौने āūnē-pāūnē — (a) at a discount, below par, at a lesser price.
औने-पौने करना -- to sell out at a discount.
  • औपचारिक aupcha:rik — (a) formal; ceremonial.
औपचारिकता -- formality; ceremoniality.
  • औपनिवेशिक aupniveshik — (a) colonial, pertaining to a dominion.
औपनिवेशिक राज -- a dominion.
औपनिवेशिक दर्जा -- dominion status.
  • औपन्यासिक aupannyā:sik — (a) pertaining to, or of the nature of, a novel; (nm) a novelist.
  • और aur — (conj) and; (adv) more; else; other.
और का और -- something other than, something entirely different.
और तो और -- other things apart, leaving other things, let alone other considerations.
  • औरत aurat — (nf) a woman; wife.
  • औरस auras — (a) legitimate (child).
औरसता -- legitimacy.
  • और्जिकी aurjiki: — (nf) energetics.
  • औलाद aula:d — (nf) a progeny, an offspring.
  • औलिया auliya: — (nm) a Muslim saint or sage.
  • औषध aushadh — (nm) a medicine, drug.
  • औषधालय aushadha:lay — (nm) a dispensary.
  • औषधीय aushadhi:y — (a) medicinal, medical.
  • औषधोपचार aushadhopcha:r — (nm) medical treatment.
  • औसत ausat — (a) average; (nf; also nm) the average; mean.
औसतन -- on an average.
  • औसान ausā:n — (nm) wits, presence of mind.
औसान खता होना -- to be like aduck in thunderstorm, to lose wits, to be demoralised.
औसान भुलाना -- to unnerve, to put in a quandry.
  • औसाना ausa:nā: — (v) to winnow.