विक्षनरी:हिन्दी-अंग्रेजी शब्दकोश : कवर्ग

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हिन्दी-अंग्रेजी शब्दकोश के मुखपृष्ठ पर चलें

  • क ka -- the first consonant and the first member of the first pentad (i.e. कवर्ग) of the Devanagari alphabet.
क ख ग -- alphabet; ABC, rudiments of any subject.
क जानना -- to know the ABC (of any subject).
  • कंकड़ kāṅkaṛ -- (nm) a gravel, pebble; small piece of stone.
कंकड़-पत्थर -- lit. pebble and stone —i.e. trash, rubbish.
कंकड़ी -- a small piece of gravel.
  • कंकण kāṅkāṉ -- (nm) a bracelet.
  • कंकरीट kāṅkri:ṭ -- (nm) concrete—a mixture of gravel, lime, cement and sand.
कंकरीट का -- strong; unbreakable.
  • कँकरीला kākri:la: -- (a) strewn with gravel, gravelly.
  • कंकाल kāṅka:l -- (nm) a skeleton, bare physical frame.
कंकालशेष -- reduced to/turned into a skeleton.
  • कंकालिनी kāṅka:lini: -- (a and nf) (a) quarrelsome (woman).
  • कँखवारी kākhva:ri: -- (nf) an armpit-boil.
  • कंखौरी kākhauri: -- (nf) see कँखवारी.
  • कंगन kāṅgān -- (nm) see कंकण; also कँगना.
  • कँगनी kāgnī: -- (nf) cornice, horizontal moulded projection crowning a building, etc.
  • कंगारू kāṅga:ru: -- (nm) a kangaroo.
  • कंगाल kāṅga:l -- (nm) a pauper, poor man; (a) penniless, impecunious.
कंगाल बाँका -- a penniless dandy.
कंगाल , घोर -- poor as a church-mouse.
  • कंगाली kāṅga:li: -- (nf) penury, poverty; pauperism, pauperdom.
कंगाली मेंआटा गीला -- yet another misery for an already miserable man, yet another stroke for the stricken.
  • कँगू/रा kāgu:ra: -- (nm) niched battlement (of a castle); an ornamental cornice; turret.
कँगूरेदार -- having niched battlement, turreted.
  • कं/घा kaṅgha: -- (nm) a comb; comb-shaped appliance for weaving.
कंघी -- a small comb.
कंघी चोटी -- make-up, dressing up.
  • कंचन kāṇchān -- (nm) gold.
कंचन काया -- golden (physical) frame, beautiful figure.
  • कंचुक kāṇchuk -- (nm) brassieres; armour.
  • कंचुकी kāṇchuki -- (nf) brassieres; a sentinel of the royal household, a door-keeper.
  • कंज़ kaṇj -- (nm) lotus.
  • कंजर kāṇjar -- (nm) a nomadic tribe (or a member thereof); (a) low-born; shabby; hence कंजरपन/पना (nm).
  • कं/जा kāṇja: -- (a) having greyish blue eyes.
कंजी -- greyish blue.
  • कंजूस kāṇju:s -- (a) miserly, miser, niggardly, parsimonious.
कंजूस-मक्खीचूस होना -- to skin a flint.
  • कंजूसी kāṇju:si: -- (nf) miserliness, parsimony, niggardliness.
  • कंटक kāṉṭak -- (nm) see काँटा.
कंटक होना -- to be an obstacle; to be troublesome.
  • कँटिया kāṭīya: -- (nf) a fishing hook; a small nail.
  • कँटीला kāṭi:la: -- (a) thorny, prickly.
  • कंठ kāṉṭḥ -- (nm) the throat; neck; larynx, voice-box.
कंठ-संगीत -- vocal music.
कंठस्थ -- memorised, committed to memory.
कंठहार -- a necklace.
कंठ करना -- to memorize.
कंठ खुलना -- to become vocal.
कंठ फूटना -- to make an utterance, to start speaking.
कंठ बैठना -- to develop a sore throat; the voice to turn hoarse.
कंठ मिलाकर -- in one voice, in tune, (with).
कंठ सींचना -- to take in a few drops of water.
कंठ होना -- to be memorised, to be committed to memory.
  • कंठाग्र kaṉṭḥa:gr -- (a) committed to memory, on the tip of tongue.
  • कंठी kaṉṭḥi: -- (nf) a string of small beads (of तुलसी etc.) donned esp.by Vaishṉavas as a matter offaith.
कंठीधारी -- one who dons a कंठी.
कंठी छूना -- to swear by the कंठी.
कंठी तोड़ना -- to renounce the वैष्णवfaith (and take to wine and meatetc.).
कंठी बाँधना/लेना -- to be initiatedin the वैष्णव faith, to become a वैष्णव.
  • कंठ्य kāṉṭḥy -- (a) guttural.
कंठ्य ध्वनि/कंठ्य वर्ण -- a guttural sound.
  • कंडक्ट/र kāṉḍakṭar -- (nm) a conductor.
कंडक्टरी -- the post or job of a conductor.
  • कंडरा kāṉḍara: -- (nm) a tendon.
  • कंडा kāṉḍa: -- (nm) a cowdung cake.
कंडा होना -- to become very lean and thin; the body to be stiffened—todie; to become hard and stiff.
  • कंडिका kāṉḍika: -- (nf) a para/paragraph.
  • कंडी kāṉḍi: -- (nf) a basket.
  • कंडील kāṉḍi:l -- (nf) a lamp (made of paper clay or mica).
  • कंथा kāntha: -- (nm) a patch-work garment.
कंथाधारी -- an ascetic.
  • कंद kānd -- (nm) an esculent tuber-root; sugar candy; an edible root (radish, etc.).
  • कंदरा kāndara: -- (nf) a cave, cavern.
  • कंदील kandi:l -- (nf) see कंडील.
  • कंधा kāndha: -- (nm) a shoulder.
कंधा डाल देना -- to lose heart, to be demoralised; to shun responsibilities.
कंधा देना -- to be a coffin-bearer(of), to lend a shoulder in carrying a dead body.
कंधे से कंधा छिलना -- to be over-crowded (so as tohave shoulders rubbing with oneanother).
कंधे से कंधा मिलाना -- tostand shoulder to shoulder withsomebody, to lend full cooperation.
कंधों पर आना -- (responsibilityetc.) to devolve on, to be shouldered by.
कंधों पर उठाना -- to shoulder(responsibility etc.); to give arousing welcome.
  • कंप kāmp -- (nm) see कंपन.
  • कंपन kāmpān -- (nm) tremor; quivering, trembling; shivering; vibration.
  • कंपनी kāmpanī: -- (nf) a company.
  • कंपाउंड/र kāmpa:ūṉḍar -- (nm) a compounder; hence कंपाउंडरी (nf).
  • कंपायमान kāmpa:ymā:n -- (a) tremulous/trembling; quivering; shivering; wavering.
  • कंपित kampit -- (a) trembled; quivered, shivered; wavered.
  • कंबल kāmbal -- (nm) a blanket, rug.
  • ककहरा kakehra: -- (nm) alphabet, ABC (of something).
  • कका/र kaka:r -- (nm) the consonant क् (k) and its sound.
ककारांत -- (a word) ending in क् (k).
  • ककड़ी kakṛi: -- (nf) a kind of cucumber.
  • ककैया kakaiya: -- (nf) a kind of small and strong brick.
  • कक्का kakka: -- (nm) uncle.
  • कक्ष kaksh -- (nm) a room, chamber; armpit; side, flank.
  • कक्षा kaksha: -- (nf) class, class-room.
  • कखौरी kakhauri: -- (nf) an armpit-boil; also कँखवारी, कँखौरी.
  • कगार kaga:r -- (nm) a precipice, scarp.
  • कचक/च kachkach -- (nf) an altercation; a chattering/clattering noise.
कचकचाना -- to altercate; to chatter; to make clattering noise.
  • कचनार kachna:r -- (nm) the tree Bauhinia variegata (its buds areused as vegetable and its flowersin medical prescriptions).
कचनार की कली -- a bud of कचनार.
  • कचरा kachra: -- (nm) refuse, rubbish; sweepings; debris; breezing.
  • कचरी kachri: -- (nf) Cucumis madraspatanus (a small fruit of the melon family).
  • कचहरी kachehri: -- (nf) a court of justice, court of law.
कचहरी में जाना -- to take recourse to legal processes.
  • कचाई kacha:i: -- (nf) rawness; imperfection; inexperience.
  • कचायँध kachā:yādh -- (nf) (the smell or touch of) rawness.
  • कचालू kacha:lu: -- (nm) the esculent root Arum colocasia.
कचालू करना/बनाना -- to give a sound thrashing.
  • कचूमर kachu:mar -- (nm) anything well-crushed.
कचूमर करना/निकालना -- tomake mincemeat of a person, tocrush, to pound thoroughly; torender (something) unserviceable by careless handling.
  • कचोट kachoṭ -- (nf) a lingering agony; smarting pain.
कचोटना -- to experience a lingering agony; to besmarted.
  • कचौरी kachauri: -- (nf) a cake made of flour stuffed with bruised pulseor boiled potato etc. fried in gheeor oil.
  • कच्चा kachcha: -- (a) uncooked; unboiled; raw, unripe; green; crude; incomplete, unfinished; rough; imperfect, immature; inauthentic; doubtful; vague; weak; built ofmud-bricks; provisional; not fast(as sleep, colour).
कच्चा अ (आ)सामी, -- atemporary cultivator; one who isnot sincere in one's dealings; anunsteady man.
कच्चा करना -- to put toshame, to abash; to baste.
कच्चा काग़ज़ -- a provisional document.
कच्चा खा जाना -- lit. to swallow up unroasted—itdenotes an angry outburst.
कच्चा खिलाड़ी -- an inexperienced strategist.
कच्चा घड़ा -- unbaked earthen pot; an impressionable mind.
कच्चा चबा जाना -- see कच्चा खा जाना.
कच्चा चिट्ठा -- bonafide detailed account, inside story, real tale.
कच्चा-पक्का -- half-cooked; half-baked.
कच्चा पड़ना -- to prove unavailing/ineffective.
कच्चा माल -- raw material.
कच्चा रंग -- not fastcolour, colour that will wash out.
कच्चा हाथ -- an untrained hand.
कच्ची उम्र -- immature age, impressionableage.
कच्ची कली -- a budding beauty.
कच्ची गोली खेलना -- lit. to 'play withmud marbles'—to act in an inexperienced manner; not to hold allstrings under control.
कच्ची गोली नहींखेलना -- to be nobody's fool, to havelearnt the tricks of the trade.
कच्ची ज़बान -- loose talk.
'' -- slander, revilingutterance, abuse.
कच्ची नींद में जगाना -- to awaken when one has not hadfull sleep.
कच्ची-पक्की -- unconfirmed.
कच्ची-पक्की कहना -- to scold roundly, to take to task.
कच्ची बही -- a roughaccount book.
कच्ची बात -- loose talk; unconfirmed report.
कच्ची रसोई -- articles of food not prepared orfried in ghee (as rice, pulses, etc.).
  • कच्छप kachchhap -- (nm) tortoise, turtle.
कच्छप अवतार -- the second incarnation of Lord Vishṉū.
  • कछा/र kachha:r -- (nm) alluvial land, moist low-lying land by a river.
कछारी भूमि -- alluvion.
  • कछुया kachhua: -- (nm) a turtle, tortoise.
कछुया-धर्म -- tortoise-like conduct कछुया to keep to oneself, to be averse toexternal contact.
  • कज kaj -- (nf) a defect, flaw.
  • कजली kajli: -- (nf) a typical folk-song (sung during the rainy season); a black-eyed cow; also कजरी.
  • क़ज़ा qaza: -- (nf) death; destiny.
क़ज़ा आना -- to fall under the shadow of death.
  • क़ज़िया qazia: -- (nm) quarrel; wrangle.
  • कटक kaṭak -- (nm) a cantonment; an army.
  • कटकटाना kaṭkaṭa:nā: -- (v) to gnash; to produce a snapping or crackingsound.
  • कटखना kaṭkhanā: -- (a) snappish, prone to bite; of aggressive disposition.
  • कटन kaṭān -- (nf) incision; marks of cutting; off-cut; erosion.
  • कटना kaṭna: -- (v) to be cut, to be wounded (by a blade etc.); to diein battle; to be destroyed; to passaway time; to complete (a journey, etc.); to be ashamed; to bedisconnected; to be deprivedof; to be made to part with.
कट मरना -- to battle to death.
कटनी -- harvesting.
कटा-कटा रहना -- to keepaway (from), to avoid contact orcoming face to face (with); tokeep a distance.
कटे पर नमक छिड़कना -- to add insult to injury.
कटा-कटी/कटा-मरी -- quarrelling; violent hostilities, bloodshed.
  • कटपीस kaṭpi:s -- (nm) cutpiece (cloth).
  • कटरा kaṭra: -- (nm) an enclosed yard (for residential purposes or turned into a market place); a buffalo calf.
  • कटवाँ kaṭwā: -- (a) cut or ripped up, split up; deducted.
कटवाँ ब्याज -- simple interest (on actual capital).
  • कटहरा kaṭehra: -- (nm) see कठघरा.
  • कटहल kaṭhal -- (nm) the jack tree or its fruit.
  • कटाई kaṭa:i: -- (nf) harvesting; cutting; cutting charges.
  • कटाकटी kaṭa:kaṭi: -- (nf) bloodshed, bloody encounter; hostilities.
  • कटाक्ष kaṭa:ksh -- (nf) a side-glance, ogling; leer, taunt, taunting remark.
कटाक्ष करना -- to make a taunting/oblique remark.
  • कटा-फटा kaṭa:phaṭa: -- (a) cut and torn; mutilated.
  • कटा/र kaṭa:r -- (nf) a dagger, poniard.
कटारी -- a stiletto, small dagger.
  • कटाव kaṭa:w -- (nm) erosion; recess; trim, trimming.
  • कटि kaṭi -- (nf) loin, waist; lumbar.
कटिबंध -- a girdle, belt; zone.
कटिबंधीय -- zonal.
कटिबद्ध -- girt up; ready, resolved.
  • कटु kaṭu -- (a) bitter, vitriolic; unpleasant.
कटुता -- bitterness; unpleasantness.
  • कटूक्ति kaṭu:kti -- (nf) a bitter utterance, caustic/unpleasant remark.
  • कटोरदान kaṭordā:n -- (nm) a tiffin-carrier.
  • कटो/रा kaṭora: -- (nm) a big bowl.
कटोरी -- a small bowl.
  • कटौती kaṭauti: -- (nf) rebate, discount; deduction; reduction; cut.
कटौती प्रस्ताव -- a cut-motion.
  • कट्टर kaṭṭar -- (a) strict; obdurate; dogmatic; fanatic; rabid.
कट्टरता -- obduracy; dogmatism, bigotry; fanaticism.
कट्टरपंथी -- a diehard, religioner; dogmatic; fanatic, bigot.
कट्टरपन -- (nm) see कट्टरता.
  • कठघ/रा kaṭḥghara: -- (nm) a bar, dock; wooden enclosure/palisade.
कठघरे में खड़ा करना -- to bring into the dock, to bring befoṛe the bar.
  • कठपुतली kaṭḥputli: -- (nf) a puppet; an underling.
कठपुतली होना, किसी के हाथ में -- .
  • कठबैद kaṭḥbaid -- (nm) a quack.
  • कठमुल्ला kaṭḥmulla: -- (nm) a bigot, fanatic; quack religious leader; hence कठमुल्लापन (nm).
  • कठि/न kaṭḥin -- (a) difficult, arduous; tough; stiff, hard; severe.
कठिनता/नाई -- difficulty.
  • कठोर kaṭḥor -- (a) hard; severe, stern, stringent; rough; cruel; rigid, rigorous.
कठोरता -- hardness; stringency; cruelty; severity, rigidity, rigour/rigorousness.
कठोरता वाद -- rigourism.
कठोरहृदय -- heartless, hard-hearted, cruel; hence कठोरहृदयता (nf).
  • कड़क kaṛak -- (nf) crack, thunder, sudden sharp noise; vigorousness; (a) strong; vigorous.
  • कड़कड़ाना kaṛkaṛa:nā: -- (v) to crack/crackle (as oil etc. when boiling); to break with a cracking sound; to decrepitate.
  • कड़कड़ाहट kaṛkaṛa:haṭ -- (nf) crackling sound, thundering sound; decrepitation.
  • कड़कना kaṛaknā: -- (v) to crackle; to thunder; to break up with a crack.
  • कड़की kaṛaki: -- (nm) indigence, extreme scarcity, poverty.
कड़की का ज़माना -- hard days.
कड़की में होना -- to be hard up, to be tight.
  • कड़वा kaṛwa: -- (a) bitter; unpleasant.
कड़वाना -- to get bitter; to becomeaverse, to feel sore; to have aburning sensation (as in the eyes).
कड़वा तेल -- mustard oil; hence कड़वापन( nm).
कड़वाहट -- bitterness; unpleasantness.
कड़वी ज़बान -- bitter vitriolic speech/tongue.
  • कड़ा kaṛa: -- (a) hard; strict; stiff; harsh, cruel; arduous; sharp; rigid; strong; (nm) a bangle, metalring.
कड़ाई/कड़ापन -- stiffness; hardness; harshness; strictness; sharpness; rigidity.
कड़ा मिज़ाज -- stiff/harsh/sternnature.
कड़ा पड़ना -- to adopt a stiffattitude, to become stern; hence कड़ी (fem.).
  • कड़ा/का kaṛa:ka: -- (nm) a loud crack; going without food, a rigid fast.
कड़ाके का -- severe (as जाड़ा); sharp.
  • कड़ा/ह kaṛa:h -- (nm) a big boiling pan, frying pan; cauldron.
कड़ाही -- (diminutive, nf).
  • कड़ी kaṛi: -- (nf) a small beam; rafter, joist; link; line of a song; (a) see कड़ा.
कड़ी कार्यवाही करना, (किसी केख़िलाफ़) -- to crack down upon, totake strong action (against).
  • कडुआ kaṛua: -- (a) see कड़वा.
कडुआ तेल -- mustard oil.
  • कढ़ाई kaṛḥa:i: -- (nf) embroidery; the process or act of embroidering; ahuge frying pan.
  • कढ़ी kaṛḥi: -- (nf) curry, a preparation consisting of gram flour dressedwith spices and sour milk(i.e. dahi:).
कढ़ी का उबाल -- momentary excitement.
कढ़ी में कंकड़ी/कोयला -- a pebble in the pudding.
  • कण kāṉ -- (nm) a particle; an iota, very small quantity; granule, grain.
कण कण में -- in each and everyparticle, everywhere.
  • कणिका kāṉīka: -- (nf) an atom, a particle (as of sand); grain, granule.
  • क़तई qatai: -- (adv and a) wholly, entirely; finally; certainly; final, conclusive.
  • कतरन katran -- (nf) cutting, off-cut, scrim; parings.
  • कतरना katarnā: -- (v) to clip, to chip; to cut; to pare; to scrim.
  • कतरनी katarnī: -- (nf) scissors; nippers.
कतरनी चलाना -- to wag one's tongue, to be too gabby.
  • कतर-ब्योंत katar-byōt -- (nf) contrivance, manipulation, adjustment.
  • क़तरा qatra: -- (nm) a drop; fragment; cutting.
  • कतराना katra:nā: -- (v) to slink away (from); to go out of the way (of), to avoid an encounter or comingface to face.
  • कतवार katwa:r -- (nm) sweepings, dregs; rubbish, refuse; a spinner.
कतवारख़ाना -- a refuse-bin.
  • क़ता qata: -- (nm) breaking, cutting; a portion.
क़ताताल्लुक़ -- breaking offrelation (with).
  • कताई kata:i: -- (nf) (the act of or wages paid for) spinning.
  • क़तार qata:r -- (nf) a line, row; series.
क़तार बाँधना -- to make / stand in a row.
  • कतिपय katipay -- (a) some, a few; several.
  • कत्तल kattal -- (nf) a chip, piece, chipping/cutting.
  • कत्थई katthai: -- (a) catechu-coloured.
  • कत्थक katthak -- (nm) a Hindu tribe specialising in dancing and singing; a kind of classical system ofdancing.
कत्थक नृत्य -- a typical classicaldance.
  • कत्था kattha: -- (nm) catechu Terra japonica.
  • क़त्ल qatl -- (nm) murder; slaughter.
क़त्ल ए-आम -- general massacre.
  • कथथाकली kaththa:kali: -- (nf) a typical classical Indian dancestyle.
  • कथक्कड़ kathakkaṛ -- (nm) a professional story-teller, one who recites old traditional tales.
  • कथन kathān -- (nm) saying, statement, utterance; speech.
  • कथनी kathni: -- (nf) anything said or uttered; speech.
कथनी और करनी -- profession and practice.
कथनी से करनी भली -- brag is a good dog but holdfastis better.
  • कथनीय kathnī:y -- (a) worth saying or narrating; describable; hence कथनीयता( nf).
  • कथरी kathri: -- (nf) a patch-work bedding.
  • कथांतर kathā:ntar -- (nm) a side-story, subsidiary plot.
  • कथा katha: -- (nf) a story, tale, fable; narrative; religious discourse.
कथा चित्र -- a feature film.
कथानायक -- the hero, main character.
कथामुख -- lead, introductory part of the story.
कथावस्तु -- the plot.
कथा वार्ता -- religious discourse and discussion; conversation on a variety of topics.
कथासार -- a synopsis.
  • कथानक katha:nāk -- (nm) the plot.
  • कथित kathit -- (a) said; told, mentioned; narrated.
  • कथोपकथन kathopkathān -- (nm) dialogue (in a literary work).
  • कथ्य katthy -- (nm) content, subject-matter; (a) worthsaying.
  • कदंब kadāmb -- (nm) the tree Nauclea cadamba.
  • क़द qad -- (nm) size; height.
क़द काठी -- stature; figure and frame.
क़दोक़ामत -- stature, figure and frame.
  • कदन्न kadānn -- (nm) coarse grain.
  • कदम kadām -- (nm) see कदंब; see क़दम.
  • क़दम qadām -- (nm) step, pace; foot-step.
क़दमचा -- foot-rest in a latrine.
क़दम ब-क़दम -- step by step; in the foot-steps of; slowly.
क़दमबोसी -- kissing thefeet (as a mark of deep respect orfor flattering).
क़दम उखड़ना -- to beswept off one's feet.
क़दम उठाना -- tomarch apace, to make progress.
क़दम चूमना -- see क़दमबोसी (करना).
क़दम बढ़ाना -- to march forward; to step up one's pace.
  • क़दर qadar -- (nf) extreme, absolute; see क़द्र.
  • कदर्थना kadarthanā: -- (nf) harassment.
  • कदाकार kada:ka:r -- (a) ludicrous, absurd, ugly (in form).
  • कदाचा/र kada:cha:r -- (nm) misbehaviour, misconduct; corruption.
कदाचारी -- delinquent; wicked, corrupt.
  • कदाचित् kada:chit -- (adv) perhaps, possibly, may be.
  • कदापि kada:pi -- (adv) ever.
कदापि नहीं -- never.
  • कदाशय kada:shay -- (nm) malafide intent; (a) malafide, ill-meaning.
  • क़दी/म, क़दीमी qadi:/m, ~mī: -- (a) old, ancient.
  • क़द्दावर qadda:var -- (a) tall and towering, possessing an imposing stature.
  • कद्दू kaddu: -- (nm) pumpkin; gourd.
कद्दूकश -- an implement for turning a gourd, pumpkin, etc. into parings.
  • क़द्र qaddr -- (nf) worth, merit; estimation, appreciation.
क़द्रदाँ, क़द्रदान -- a connoisseur, just appreciator; patron.
क़द्रदानी -- just appreciationof somebody's merits; patronage.
  • कन kān -- (nm) see कण; an allomorph of कान used as the first member ofcompound words.
कनकटा -- ear-cropt, earless.
कनकौवा -- a big kite.
कनखजूरा -- a centipede.
कनटोप -- a cap whichcovers the ears; hood.
कनपटी -- temple.
कनपेड़ा -- glandular swelling atthe root of the ear.
कनबतियाँ -- whispering into the ears, whisperingtalk.
कनमैलिया -- one whose profession is to remove wax from theears.
  • कनक kanāk -- (nm) see गेहूँ; see सोना; see धतूरा.
  • कनखी kankhi: -- (nf) an ogle, a leer, side-glance; a sign with an eye.
कनखी मारना -- to eye amorously; to casta side glance; to sign with an eye.
कनखियों से देखना -- to cast a sideglance, to look in an obliquemanner, to ogle.
  • कनगुरिया kānguria: -- (nf) the little finger.
  • कनर/स kānras -- (nm) a taste for musical or melodious voice; anardent love for sweet talks; hence कनरसिया (nm).
  • कनस्तर kanāstar -- (nm) a canister.
  • क़नात qana:t -- (nf) awning, curtain; can screen.
  • कनिष्ठ kanishṭḥ -- (a) the youngest, junior most; hence कनिष्ठता (nf).
  • कनिष्ठिका kanishṭḥika: -- (nf) the little finger.
  • कनी kanī: -- (nf) a particle; broken piece of rice; diamond dust; drop.
कनी चाटना -- to commit suicide by anintake of diamond dust.
  • कनीज़ kanī:z -- (nf) a slave girl, hand-maid.
  • कनेर kaner -- (nf) oleander—the plant or the flower.
  • कनौड़ा kanauṛa: -- (a) obliged, grateful; ashamed, disgraced; (nm) a slave, person under extreme obligation.
  • कनौती kanauti: -- (nf) the pointed end of a beast's ear.
कनौती बदलना -- to prickup the ears (said of a horse); toassume a cautious posture.
  • कन्ना kannā: -- (nm) edge, border; that part of the kite to which thestring is tied.
कन्ना-ढीला होना -- to getdemoralised; to fall into disarray.
कन्ने से उड़ना/कटना -- to come clean outfrom, to be cut off at the partswhere it is tied (said of a kite); tobe clean-swept, to be thoroughlybeaten.
  • कन्नी kanni: -- (nf) border; the ends of a kite, edge; trowel.
कन्नी काटना -- to slink away, to evade, to fightshy of.
  • कन्या kannyā: -- (nf) a virgin; daughter.
  • कन्हैया kanhaiya: -- (nm) a corrupt form of कृष्ण (see); a charming child orboy.
  • कपट kapaṭ -- (nm) fraud, ruse, guile; artifice; trickery; hypocrisy; dissimulation.
कपट करना -- to defraud, tobeguile.
कपट चाल -- fraudulent act; hypocritic idea, trickery.
कपटपूर्ण -- fraudulent, hypocritical.
कपट साक्ष्य -- spurious testimony.
कपटाचार -- dissimulation, artificial/hypocriticalbehaviour or conduct.
कपटी -- dissimulator, crafty, fraudulent.
  • कपड़ kapaṛ -- —an allomorph of कपड़ा used as the first member incompound words.
कपड़छन -- thoroughly strained or sifted (through apiece of cloth).
  • कपड़ा kapṛa: -- (nm) cloth; clothing; fabric; textile.
कपड़ा लत्ता -- clothings; articles of apparel; clothes.
कपड़ेउतार लेना -- to deprive of all belongings; to fleece.
कपड़े रँगना -- or रँगाना( figuratively) to take to an ascetic's attire; to renounce the world.
  • कपाट kapa:ṭ -- (nm) (the leaves of) a door; shutter; sluice; valve.
  • कपाटिका kapa:ṭika: -- (nf) a valve.
  • कपाल kapa:l -- (nm) the skull, head, cranium; destiny; a begging bowl.
कपाल क्रिया -- the ceremony of breakingthe skull of a corpse before setting fire to the funeral pyre (a sonor one of the nearest relativesperforms the ceremony).
कपाल संधि -- atreaty on equal terms.
कपाल संश्रय -- abuffer state.
  • कपास kapa:s -- (nf) cotton; cotton-plant.
  • कपि kapi -- (nm) a monkey.
  • कपिला kapila: -- (nf) a white or grey-coloured cow, harmless cow; gentle woman; a harmless person.
  • कपूत kapu:t -- (nm) an unworthy or wicked son, an undutiful son; (a) degenerate; disobedient.
  • कपूर kapu:r -- (nm) camphor.
  • कपोल kapol -- (nm) cheek.
कपोल कल्पना -- a cock and bull story, tale of atube; fancy, fantastic imagination.
कपोलकल्पित -- false, fantastic, fabricated.
  • कप्तान kaptā:n -- (nm) a captain.
  • कफ kaph -- (nm) phlegm, mucus.
कफकर -- phlegmatic.
कफनाशक -- anti-phlegmatic.
  • कफ़ kaf -- (nm) a cuff.
  • कफ़न kafān -- (nm) shroud, pall.
कफ़नखसोट/चोर -- penny-pincher; pennypinching, stingy, cheese-paring.
कफ़न को कौड़ी न रखना -- to spend everypenny (of one's earnings).
कफ़न कोकौड़ी न होना -- to be penniless.
कफ़न फाड़कर उठना -- to rise from the grave.
कफ़न फाड़कर चिल्लाना -- to shriek out unexpectedly.
कफ़न सिर से बाँधना -- to beready to risk life or court death; to engage in a perilous venture.
  • कबंध kabāndh -- (nm) a torso.
  • कब kab -- (adv) when, at what time.
कब कब -- how often; rarely.
कब का -- since long, long back.
  • कबड्डी kabaḍḍi: -- (nf) a typical outdoor Indian game.
  • कबरा kabra: -- (a) spotted, mottled.
  • कबरी kabri: -- (nf) entwined hair formed into a braid; (a) femininevariant of कबरा (see).
  • कबाड़ kaba:ṛ -- (nm) junk, scrap; any disorderly stuff.
कबाड़खाना -- a junk-store, junk-house.
  • कबाड़ा kaba:ṛa: -- (nm).
कबाड़ा करना -- to spoil; to rain, to undo.
कबाड़ा होना -- to bespoiled; to be ruined, to beundone.
  • कबाड़िया, कबाड़ी kaba:ṛia: -- kaba:ṛi:.
  • कबाब kaba:b -- (nm) roasted meat, roast; collops or small pieces ofmeat, roasted on a skewer or spit.
कबाब में हड्डी होना -- to be a skeleton atthe feast, to be like a fly in theointment, to be an unpalatableingredient in a delicious dish; to be an unwelcome intruder.
कबाब होना, (जल-भुनकर) -- to burn withrage, to be enraged.
  • क़बाला qaba:la: -- (nm) a transfer/sale deed.
  • कबीला kabi:la -- (nm) a tribe.
  • कबीर kabi:r -- (nm) a great mediaeval Hindi poet; a type of peculiarfolk songs (sp. prevalent in U.P.and Bihar) abounding in obscenelanguage.
  • कबूतर kabu:tar -- (nm) a pigeon.
कबूतरखाना -- a pigeon house, pigeonhole; dovecot.
कबूतरबाज़ -- one whorears sporting pigeons.
कबूतरबाज़ी -- rearing of sporting pigeons.
  • क़बूल qabu:l -- (nm) agreement, consent; admission; confession.
क़बूल करना -- toadmit; to confess.
क़बूल कर लेना, साफ़-साफ़ -- to make a clean breast of.
  • क़बूलना qabu:lnā: -- (v) to agree; to admit; to concede; to confess.
  • क़ब्ज़ qabz -- (nm) constipation.
  • क़ब्ज़ा qabza: -- (nm) possession, occupation; a handle, grip; hinge.
क़ब्ज़ादार -- hinged; one who holdspossession, one who is in occupation (of), occupying.
क़ब्ज़े पर हाथरखना -- to get ready to strike/hit.
  • क़ब्ज़ियत, क़ब्ज़ी qabziyat, qabzi: -- (nf) constipation.
  • क़ब्र qabbr -- (nf) a grave.
क़ब्र खोदना -- to devise ways and meansfor ruination/destruction.
क़ब्र मेंपाँव लटकाए होना -- to be on the brinkof the grave, to have one foot inthe grave, to be on the verge ofdeath.
क़ब्र से उठ आना -- to escapedeath, to get a fresh lease of life.
  • क़ब्रिस्तान qabrista:n -- (nm) a grave-yard, cemetery.
  • क़ब्ल qabbl -- (ind) prior to, before.
  • कभी kabhi: -- (ind) sometime; ever.
कभी कभी -- sometimes, now and then, occasionally.
  • कमंडल kamānḍal -- (nm) the pot used by mendicants.
  • कमंद kamānd -- (nf) a rope-ladder used for scaling a building; anoose for entangling wild animalsetc.
  • कम kām -- (a) little, few, scanty; less; short, small; deficient; (adv) rarely; seldom.
कमअक़ल -- stupid, foolish, unwise.
कमअसल -- cross-breed, hybrid; base.
कम उम्र -- young, young in age.
कम क़ीमत -- cheap, low-priced.
कमख़र्च -- thrifty, frugal, economical.
कमख़र्ची -- thrift, frugality, econony.
कमख़्वाब -- brocade, silk wrought with gold and silverflowers.
कमतर -- smaller; lesser.
कमतरीन -- smallest; least.
कमनसीब -- unfortunate; hence कमनसीबी.
कम ख़र्चबाला नशीन -- economical and yet ofa superior quality; low cost, great show.
  • कमची kamchi: -- (nf) a strip of wood or bamboo, slender stick.
  • कमज़ोर kāmzor -- (a) weak, feeble; ineffectual.
  • कमज़ोरी kāmzori: -- (nf) weakness, feebleness; deficiency; debility.
  • कमती kāmti: -- (a) less, scanty; (nf) lack, deficiency, scarcity.
  • कमनीय kāmnī:y -- (a) lovely, beautiful; pretty; hence कमनीयता (nf).
  • कमबख़्त kāmbaḳḥt -- (a) unfortunate, ill-fated, unlucky.
  • कमबख़्ती kāmbaḳḥti: -- (nf) misfortune, ill-luck, adversity.
कमबख़्ती का मारा -- fallen.
  • कमर kamar -- (nf) waist, loins, girdle; the middle part of something.
कमरकोट -- a parapet, protection wall.
कमरतोड़ -- lit. that which breaks theback—arduous, stringent; unbearable.
कमरपट्टी -- a belt.
कमरबंद -- a girdle.
कमर कसना -- to gird up one's loins; tobrace oneself up, to be all setfor action.
कमर झुकना -- to becomeold/feeble.
कमर टूटना -- to be renderedhopeless; to be demoralised, tolose all self-confidence.
कमर तोड़ना -- tobreak one's back.
कमर बाँधना -- toget ready for, to resolve.
कमर सीधी करना -- to relax for a while.
  • कमरख kāmrakh -- (nm) a sour and pungently tasty fruit; fruit ofAverrhoa carambola.
  • कमरा kamra: -- (nm) a room, chamber.
  • कमल kamal -- (nm) a lotus flower and its plant.
कमल ककड़ी -- the root of lotus.
कमलगट्टा -- the seed of lotus.
कमलनाल -- thelotus-stalk.
  • कमलिनी kamalinī: -- (nf) a small lotus.
  • कमली kamli: -- (nf) a small blanket.
  • कमसि/न kamsin -- (a) tenderly young, of tender age; hence कमसि नी (nf).
  • कमाई kama:i: -- (nf) earnings.
कमाई हुई (देह) -- built up (body-throughexercise etc.), strong and muscular.
  • कमाऊ kama:u: -- (a) earning (a livelihood).
  • कमान kamā:n -- (nf) a bow; an arch, a curve; command.
  • कमाना kamā:nā: -- (v) to earn; to merit; to process (leather etc.); to clean (w.c. etc.).
  • कमानी kamā:nī: -- (nf) a spring; the truss worn by people sufferingfrom hernia.
कमानीदार -- fitted witha spring.
  • कमाल kama:l -- (nm) a miracle, wonder; excellence; miraculous perfection.
कमाल करना -- to work wonders, to perform a miracle.
  • कमासुत kama:sut -- (a) earning; worthy.
  • कमिश्न/र kamīshnar -- (nm) a commissioner.
कमिश्नरी -- a territory administered by a commissioner; office of a commissioner.
  • कमी kamī: -- (nf) deficiency; shortage, paucity, lack, want, scarcity, scantiness; abatement; defect; failing; reduction.
  • कमीज़ kamī:z -- (nf) a shirt.
  • कमीन kamī:n -- (a) mean; low-born; hence कमीनपन, कमीनपना (nm).
  • कमीनदार kamīnda:r -- (nm) a sniper.
  • कमीना kamī:nā: -- (a) mean, wicked, vile.
कमीनापन -- meanness, wickedness.
  • कमीशन kamī:shān -- (nm) commission (body of persons having authority or warrant conferring authority in the army etc.); discount.
  • कमेटी kameṭi: -- (nf) a committee.
  • कमेरा kamera: -- (nm) a workman, worker.
  • क़याम qayā:m -- (nm) stay, halt, halting.
  • क़यामत qayā:māt -- (nf) the day of judgment, the day of resurrection; annihilation, destruction.
क़यामत की घड़ी -- a moment of extreme crisis.
क़यामत बरपा करना -- to bring about adevastating crisis; to raise acommotion, to create a stir.
  • क़यास qaya:s -- (nm) guess, conjecture.
  • करं/ड karāṉḍ -- (nm) hive; a bamboo basket.
करंडी -- a kind of pseudo-silken cloth.
  • कर kar -- (nm) a hand; ray; the trunk of an elephant; tax, duty, custom; tribute; as a suffix it imparts thesense of an agency (e.g. सुखकर—that which gives pleasure).
करतल -- .
  • करकट karkaṭ -- (nm) used as the second member in the compound कूड़ाकरकट- meaning—dregs; rubbish, sweepings.
  • करकना karaknā: -- (v) to produce a painful sensation, to produce anitch (as when some alien matterfalls into the eye).
  • करघा kargha: -- (nm) a weaver's loom.
  • करछी, करछुल, करछुली karchhi:, karchhul, karchhuli: -- (nf) a ladle.
  • करण karāṉ -- (nm) articulation; articulator; instrumental case; anorgan; instrument; function; doing.
  • करणीय karṉī:y -- (a) worth doing.
  • करत/ब kartab -- (nm) a feat; performance; exploits; skill; acrobatics, jugglery.
करतबी -- manoeuverer, skilful, dexterous.
  • करता karta: -- (nm) see कर्त्ता.
  • करतार karta:r -- (nm) the Creator, the Master.
  • करतूत kartu:t -- (nf) misdeed, evil deed, doing.
  • करधनी kardhanī: -- (nf) a girdle (of gold, silver or yarn etc.).
  • करनफूल karānphu:l -- (nm) see कर्णफूल.
  • करना karnā: -- (v) to do; to perform; to complete; to act; to execute; tocommit; to hire; to have as manor wife; to run or set up (as दुकानकरना ); to practise (as वकालतकरना ); to solve (as सवालकरना ); to cohabit.
करै कोई भरै कोई -- to bark up awrong tree.
  • करनी karnī: -- (nf) doing, deed; a mason's trowel.
  • कर/ब, करबी karab, karbi: -- (nf) the stalk of jua:r and ba:jra: used asfodder.
  • करम karām -- (nm) deed, doings; act, work, action; destiny, fate; mercy.
करमजली -- an abusive term for a woman or girl meaning luckless/ofill-luck/unfortunate.
करम ठोकना -- tolament over one's lot.
करम फूटना -- tohave a stroke of ill luck, to fallinto adversity; to be widowed.
  • करमकल्ला karāmkalla: -- (nm) cabbage.
  • करमुहाँ karmūhā: -- (a) a word of abuse meaning one having a blackened face; ill-famed, infamous.
  • करवट karwaṭ -- (nf) lying on one side, the position of lying or sleepingon the side; a bank.
करवट बदलना/लेना -- to turn from one side to the otheror to change sides while lying; toadopt a new course.
करवट बदलते रातबीतना -- to spend a restless night.
  • कराधान kara:dhā:n -- (nm) taxation.
  • करामात kara:mā:t -- (nf) a miracle, thaumaturgy; feat.
  • करामाती kara:mā:ti: -- (a) working wonders, miraculous; (nm) thaumaturgist.
  • करार kara:r -- (nm) a river-bank, precipice; see क़रार.
  • क़रार qara:r -- (nm) an agreement, a contract; commitment, under-taking.
क़रारनामा -- a written agreement; article (as of an association).
  • करारा kara:ra: -- (a) crisp; hard; strong, stout, sturdy; forceful; hence करारापन (nm).
  • कराल kara:l -- (a) terrifying, formidable; hence करालता (nf).
  • कराह kara:h -- (nf) a groan, moan.
  • कराहना kara:hnā: -- (v) to groan, to moan, to cry in pain.
  • करिश्मा karishmā: -- (nm) a miracle, miraculous feat, magic.
  • क़री/ना qari:nā: -- (nm) orderliness.
  • क़रीब qari:b -- (adv) near, close by; about, approximately, almost.
क़रीब-क़रीब -- almost.
क़रीबन -- approximately, almost.
क़रीबी -- close, near.
  • करील kari:l -- (nm) a thorny leafless shrub—Capparis aphylla; shoot ofa bamboo.
  • करुण karūṉ -- (a) touching; pathetic, tragic.
करुणहृदय -- merciful, compassionate.
  • करुणा karūṉā: -- (nf) pity, compassion, pathos; benignity; tenderness offeelings.
करुणाकर/ करुणानिधान/ करुणानिधि -- attributes of God—The Merciful.
करुणामय -- tender-hearted, aboundingin compassion.
  • करेला karela: -- (nm) bitter gourd करेला Momordica charantia.
करेला और नीमचढ़ा -- a bad man in a bad company; hence करेली (diminutive, nf).
  • करैत karait -- (nm) a venomous black snake.
  • करैला karaila: -- (nm) see करेला; hence करैलाली (diminutive, nf).
  • करोड़ karoṛ -- (a and nm) ten million.
करोड़पति -- a multi-millionaire.
  • करौंदा karāūda: -- (nm) the corinda करौंदा Carissa carandas, a small acid fruit.
  • करौली karauli: -- (nf) a poniard, small dagger.
  • कर्क kark -- (nm).
कर्क राशि -- cancer—the sign of zodiac.
कर्क रेखा -- tropic ofcancer.
  • कर्कश karkash -- (a) hard, harsh, screechy; hoarse; hence कर्कशता (nf).
  • कर्कशा karkasha: -- (a) termagant, shrew; quarrelsome; (nf) quarrelsome/shrewish woman.
  • कर्ज़ karz -- (nm) loan; debt.
कर्ज़दार -- a debtor.
कर्ज़दारी -- indebtedness.
कर्ज़ खाना -- to live on loans; to be indebted.
  • कर्ज़ा karza: -- (nm) see कर्ज़.
  • कर्ण karṉ -- (nm) an ear; helm; rudder (of a boat); hypotenuse.
कर्णकटु -- discordant, disagreeable, harsh (sound).
कर्णगोचर -- audible.
कर्णधार -- helmsman, one who steers(a boat).
कर्णपाली -- the lobe of theear.
कर्णमूल -- the root of the ear; a disease resulting in swelling atthe root of the ear, parotitis.
कर्णशूल -- ear-ache.
कर्णस्राव -- running ofthe ear, discharge of ichorousmatter from the ear.
  • कर्णंफूल karṉphu:l -- (nm) an ornament worn in the ear.
  • कर्णातीत karṉā:ti:t -- (a) ultrasonic.
  • कर्त्तन kartan -- (nm), cutting, chopping; trimming.
  • कर्त्तव्य kartavvy -- (nm) duty; (a) proper/fit to be done, what ought to be done.
कर्त्तव्यच्युत -- fallen/deviatedfrom duty.
कर्त्तव्यनिष्ठ/परायण -- dutiful; hence कर्त्तव्यनिष्ठता/परायणता (nf).
कर्त्तव्यमूढ़/विमूढ़ -- perplexed as to theproper course of action, placed ina dilemmatic state.
  • कर्त्तां karta: -- (nm) doer; the Creator; subject (in Grammar); head of ajoint Hindu family; author.
कर्त्तां धर्ता -- all in all, the active or the managing member of a social, politicalor any other unit.
  • कर्तृ kartri -- an allomorph of the word कर्त्ता used as the first memberin compound words.
कर्तृप्रधान वाक्य -- (a sentence) wherein the subjectdominates.
कर्तृवाचक -- a term thatdenotes the subject.
कर्तृवाच्य -- theactive voice.
  • कर्तृत्व kartrittv -- (nm) the act or property of being an agent, agency; doing; achievement.
  • कर्दम kardām -- (nm) mud, slime; sin.
  • कर्नल karnāl -- (nm) a colonel.
  • कर्बुर karbur -- (a) variegated, spotted.
  • कर्मं karm -- (nm) deed; action; any religious action or rites; fate; object.
  • कर्मठ karmāṭḥ -- (a) diligent, assiduous, active and energetic (person).
कर्मठता -- diligence, hard work, assiduousness.
  • कर्मणा karmāṉā: -- (adv) by deed, by action.
  • कर्मण्य karmāṉṉy -- (a) industrious, hard working; active.
कर्मण्यता -- activity, industriousness.
  • कर्मण्यतावाद karmāṉṉyata:va:d -- (nm) activism.
  • कर्मी karmrī: -- (nm) a member of a crew; worker.
  • कर्मेंद्रिय karmēndriy -- (nf) an organ of action (the hand, the foot, etc.).
  • कर्षण karshān -- (nm) traction; extraction.
  • कलंक kalāṅk -- (nm) blemish; stigma; slur, disgrace.
कलंक-का टीका -- a blot, mark of disgrace.
कलंक-धोना -- to wash off a stigma.
कलंक-लगाना -- to stigmatize, to cause a stigma to be attached with.
  • कलंकित kalāṅkit -- (a) disgraced; blemished.
  • कलंकी kalāṅki: -- (nm) (one who is) disgraced, stigmatic.
  • कलंगी kalāgi: -- (nf) see कलगी.
  • क़लंदर qalāndar -- (nm) a monkey or bear dancer; a kind of Mohammedan recluse; a carefree type of man.
  • कल kal -- (a) sweet; soft and tender; gentle; low and weak (tone); (nm and adv) tomorrow; yesterday; (nf) peace, tranquillity, comfort; a machine or its parts.
कलकंठ -- one blessed with sweet and soft voice; having a pleasing tone or note.
कलकल -- sweet and soft sound (of a flowing stream or spring).
कलकल ध्वनी -- sweet and gentle sound.
कल-का -- too small (as लड़का); of recent past, of recent origin; pertaining to the future (as कल की कल पर है).
कलदार -- a rupee coin.
कल-उमेंठना/एंठना/घुमाना -- to incite a person to perform or to desist from an act; to give a sudden turn to one's line of thinking.
कल-के छोकरे -- babes and sucklings.
कल-दबाना -- to make somebody act, to cause to act.
कल-बेकल होना -- to be ill at ease, to lose.
  • कल -- (nf) whitewash; tin; tin plating; stone lime, coating; show; external grandeur.
कलगर -- a tinman, tinner of pots and pans.
कलदार -- tin-plated.
कल उघड़ना/खुलना -- to beexposed, to be unmasked.
  • कलक kalak -- (nm) keen regret, remorse, penitence.
  • कलक्टर kalakṭar -- (nm) a collector.
  • कलगी kalagi: -- (nf) a plume, crest; aigrette; a gem-studded ornamentfixed in the turban; the comb (of acock).
  • कलछी kalchhi: -- (nf) a long-handed ladle.
  • कलन kalān -- (nm) calculus; calculation.
  • कलपना kalapnā: -- (v) to lament, to bemoan or bewail.
  • कलफ़ kalaf -- (nm) starch.
कलफ़दार -- starched.
  • कलम, क़लम kalām, qalām -- (nf) a pen; a painter's brush; a school or styleof painting; graft; cutting, chopping; the growth of hair on man'stemples.
कलमक़साई -- a hack-writer; one who practises butcherythrough one's pen, one who misdirects or propagates ignorancethrough one's writings.
कलमकारी -- engraving, painting with a brush.
कलमदान -- a pen and ink case; pentray, penstand.
कलमबंद -- penned, put intoblack and white, reduced to writing, written.
कलमबंद करना -- to writedown, to record in writing; hence कलमबंदी (nf).
कलम करना -- to chop off, tocut; to prune.
कलम का धनी -- a master ofthe art of writing.
कलम घसीटना -- toscrible.
कलम घिसना -- to write insignificant things/ineffectively.
कलम चलाना -- towrite.
चूमना -- lit. to kiss one's pen —to immensely like an expression, to be all praise for (one's writing).
कलम तोड़ना -- to work wonders in(one's) writing; to write amazinglywell.
कलम फेरना -- to strike out or deletewhat is written.
कलम में जादू होना -- towork wonders with the pen.
कलम में ज़ोर होना -- to wield the pen effectively.
  • कलमा kalmā: -- (nm) the basic statement or confession of Mohammedan faith.
कलमा पढ़ना -- to repeat the Muslim confession of faith; to embrace Islam.
कलमा पढ़ाना -- toinitiate (somebody) into Islam.
  • क़लमी qalamī: -- (a) grafted; crystallised.
क़लमी आम -- grafted mango.
क़लमी शोरा -- saltpetre.
  • कलवार kalwa:r -- (nm) a caste amongst the Hindus who formerly used todeal in liquor; a wine merchant.
  • कलश kalash -- (nm) a pitcher, an urn; a dome, pinnacle.
  • कलसा kalsa: -- (nm) a metal pitcher; hence कलसी (diminutive, nf).
  • कलह kaleh -- (nm) quarrel, scramble, strife, broil; dispute.
कलहप्रिय -- quarrelsome.
कलहप्रिय ता -- quarrelsomeness.
कलही -- quarrelsome.
  • कलाँ kalā: -- (a) large, larger; big, bigger; elder.
  • कला kala: -- (nf) art, craft, skill; a portion, division; a digit or onesixteenth of the moon's diameter; sport, play; degree; very minutedivision of time.
कलाकार -- anartist.
कलाकृति -- a work of art, anartistic creation.
कला कौशल -- artisticskill; artifice.
कलाजंग -- a somersault, atrick in the art of wrestling.
कलाधर, कलानिधि -- the moon.
कलापरक -- artistic.
  • कलाई kala:i: -- (nm) wrist.
कलाई घड़ी -- a wrist watch.
  • कलाकंद kala:kānd -- (nm) a kind of sweetmeat.
  • कलाबत्तू kala:battu: -- (nm) silk thread covered with gold or silver; silkand silver or gold thread twistedtogether; gold or silver thread:.
  • कलार kala:r -- (nm) see कलवार.
  • कलावा kala:va: -- (nm) a red thread (tied on the wrist by the Hinduson auspicious occasions).
  • कलि kali -- कलियुग, कलि{yug} (nm) the kali age, the fourth and the last age ofthe universe according to theHindu mythology; (fig.) the age ofvice; hence कलियुगी of or belongingto कलियुग.
  • कलिका kalika: -- (nf) a bud.
  • कलिया qalia: -- (nm) meat-curry.
  • कली kali: -- (nf) a bud; gusset, a piece put in a garment; a maidenwho has yet to attain youth, anunblossomed maiden.
  • कलीसा kali:sa: -- (nm) a Christian church.
  • कलुष kalush -- (nm) turbidity, impurity; sin; (a) turbid, impure; sinful, wicked.
  • कलुषित kalushit -- (a) sinful, profane; filthy.
  • कलूटा kalu:ṭa: -- (a) blacky, dark-complexioned.
  • कलेंडर kalēṉḍar -- (nm) a calendar.
  • कलेजा kaleja: -- (nm) liver; heart; courage.
कलेजा उछलना -- to have theheart throb out of excitement.
कलेजा कड़ा करना -- to pull oneself together; to steel one's heart; to prepareoneself for a shock/hardship, etc.
कलेजा काँपना -- to be terrified; to bestruck with extreme terror.
कलेजा छलनी होना -- to be afflicted by taunts andsarcastic remarks.
कलेजा जलना -- to sufferextreme agony, to be heart-sore.
कलेजा जलाना -- to put to agony, to torment.
कलेजा टूटना -- to lose all hope, tobe completely demoralised.
कलेजा ठंडा/तर होना -- to be fulfilled or gratified, to be assuaged (on account of anadversary's distress).
कलेजा थाम कर रोना -- to weep bitterly.
कलेजा थाम के रह जाना -- to repress grief, not to letone's grief be manifested.
कलेजा धक-धक करना -- to have a violent heart-throb (on account of fear, apprehension, etc.).
कलेजा धक से हो जाना -- to bedumbfounded; to receive a violentshock.
कलेजा धड़कना -- the heart to palpitate (through anxiety, fear, apprehension).
कलेजा निकाल कर रख देना -- to express one's inner hurt feelings; to express/expose oneselfwithout reservation; to surrenderone's all; to give away what isbest or dearest.
कलेजा पकना -- to bedeeply wounded; to be fed upof enduring affliction.
कलेजा पत्थर का करना -- to become stone-hearted; toget ready to face the worst eventuality.
कलेजा फटना -- to have the heartrent by deep sorrow.
कलेजा बल्लियों/बाँसों उछलना -- to be full of excitement through joy.
कलेजा मुँह को आना -- to have one's heart in one'smouth, to be restless on accountof grief.
कलेजे का टुकड़ा -- core ofone's heart; something or somebody dearest to one's heart.
कलेजे पर चोट लगना -- suffer a heavyemotional shock or blow.
कलेजेपर छुरी चलाना -- to experience adeep emotional shock.
कलेजे पर साँप लोटना -- to be struck with jealousy.
  • कलेवर kalevar -- (nm) physical structure, external build-up; size.
  • कलेवा kalewa: -- (nm) breakfast.
  • कलोल kalol -- (nm) fun and frolic, sport.
  • कलौंजी kalāūji: -- (nf) nigclla; stuffed vegetable.
  • कल्प kalp -- (nm) era; having the manner or form of, similar to, resembling, almost like( ऋषिकल्प like a sage.
पितृकल्प -- likefather).
  • कल्पतरु kalptaru -- (nm) a mythological tree or plant that is supposed togrant all desires.
  • कल्पना kalpanā: -- (nf) imagination; fiction; supposition, assumption.
कल्पना चित्र -- imaginary picture.
कल्पनाप्रवण -- imaginative; hence कल्पनाप्रवणता (nf).
कल्पनाप्रसूत -- imaginary, fictional; invented.
कल्पना लोक -- in an imaginary/phantastic world.
कल्पना लोक में होना -- to be inthe clouds, to be in a world ofphaṉtasy.
कल्पना शक्ति -- imagination, imaginative faculty.
कल्पना सृष्टि -- a mentalcreation, imaginative creation.
  • कल्पनातीत kalpanā:ti:t -- (a) unimaginable, beyond imagination; incomprehensible.
  • कल्पनीय kalpnī:y -- (a) imaginable; worth imagining; hence कल्पनीयता (nf).
  • कल्पलता kalplata: -- (nf) a mythological creeper supposed to possess thepower to grant all wishes.
  • कल्पवृक्ष kalpvriksh -- (nm) see कल्प-तरु.
  • कल्पित kalpit -- (a) imaginary; virtual; fictitious.
कल्पित नाम -- nom de plume.
कल्पित स्वर्ग -- cockaigne, cl Doredo.
  • कल्मष kalmāsh -- (nm) sin; impurity, filth.
  • कल्याण kallyā:ṉ -- (nm) welfare, benediction.
कल्याणकारी -- propitious, auspicious; good, beneficial.
कल्याण राज्य -- welfare state.
  • कल्ला kalla: -- (nm) a sprout; interior part of the cheek.
कल्ला फूटना -- tosprout.
  • कल्लोल kallol -- (nf) play, sport, frolic.
  • कवक kavak -- (nm) fungus.
  • कवच -- (nf) a poetess.
  • कवरी kavari: -- (nf) a fillet or braid of hair.
  • कव/र्ग kavarg -- (nm) the ka-pentad of five soft-palatal consonants in theDevna:gri: script, viz. क, ख, ग, घ, ङ.
कवर्गीय -- belonging to the ka-pentad.
  • कव/ल -- (nf) exercise, drill.
  • कवि kavi -- (nm) a poet.
कवि कर्म -- poetic function, composition/creation.
कवि-प्रसिद्धि -- poetic convention.
कविराज -- a physician; a king of poets.
कविवर -- a leading poet, an excellent poet.
कवि समय -- age-old traditional description.
  • कविता kavita: -- (nf) poetry; a poem.
  • कवित्त kavitt -- (nm) a class of a particular meter in Hindi poetry, esp. Braj; poetry, in general (arch.).
  • कवित्व kavittv -- (nm) poetic content or quality.
कवित्व शक्ति -- poetic faculty/power.
  • क़व्वाली qavva:li: -- (nf) a form of group vocal music and song.
  • कश kash -- (nm) a whip, lash; drawing, pulling; whiff, puff, inhalation; a suffix used to denote one who pulls or lifts, e.g., मेहनतकश.
कशमकश -- struggle; divergent pulling, wrangling.
कश-खींचना/लगाना/लेना -- to have a puff.
  • कशिश kashish -- (nf) attraction.
  • कशीदा kashi:da: -- (nm) ornamental needlework, embroidery.
कशीदाकारी -- embroidery.
  • कशेरूक kasheruk -- (nm) vertebral column, spine; (a) vertebrate.
  • कशाय -- (nm) suffering, pain; hardship; distress.
कशायकर/कारक -- troublesome, painful, distressing.
कशाय-कल्पना -- far-fetched imagination.
कशायदायक/कशायप्रद -- see कष्टकर.
कशायसाध्य -- difficult; troublesome; onerous.
  • कस kas -- (nm) assay, test; strength, power.
कसदार -- strong, sturdy.
कस बल -- strength, power.
  • कस kas -- an allomorph of काँसा used as the first member in compound words.
कसकुट -- an alloy of copper and zinc.
कसहँड़ी (कसेंड़ी) -- a huge bronze pitcher.
  • कसक kasak -- (nf) smarting pain, aching sensation; internal pain; lingering agony.
कसक निकालना/मिटाना -- to assuage pain; to derive relief by retaliation.
  • कसकना kasaknā: -- (v) to have an aching sensation/lingering agony.
  • कसना kasnā: -- (v) to tighten, to frap; to fasten; to bind; to gird up, to brace; to test (on a touch-stone), to assay; to reduce to thin shreds (with the help of an implement, e.g. pumpkin, cucumber, etc.).
  • क़सबा qasba: -- (nm) a township, small town.
  • कसबी kasbi: -- (nf) a prostitute, harlot adulterous woman.
  • क़सम qasām -- (nf) an oath, swearing.
क़सम उतारना -- to set free of the bonds of oath; to perform an act nominally.
क़सम खाना -- to swear, to take an oath.
क़सम खाने को -- nominally.
क़सम तोड़ना -- to violate an oath.
क़सम दिलाना -- to administer an oath (to); to make one swear; to put under an oath.
क़सम देना -- to put on oath.
क़सम लेना -- to swear, to take an oath.
  • कसमसाना kasmasā:nā: -- (v) to fidget, to be restless; to wriggle; to bestir oneself.
  • कसमसाहट kasmasa:haṭ -- (nf) fidgeting, restlessness, uneasiness; wriggling; bestirring.
  • क़समिया qasamīyā: -- (adv) on oath, bound by oath.
  • कसर kasar -- (nf) deficiency; loss; drawback; lacuna, shortcoming; (in Mathematics) a fraction.
कसर करना/रखना -- to be wanting (in), to fail(to).
कसर खाना/उठाना -- to suffer lossor damage.
कसर देना -- to inflict loss(on).
कसर न उठा रखना -- to leave noavenue unexplored, to leave nostone unturned.
कसर निकलना -- tobe compensated; to be avenged.
कसर निकालना -- to make up the loss; toavenge, to be quits (with).
  • कसर/त kasrat -- (nf physical exercise; abundance, plenty.
कसरती -- athletic, built-up by physical exercise (as body).
  • क़साई qasa:i: -- (nm) a butcher; (a) cruel, pitiless.
क़साईखाना/घर -- butchery, slaughter house.
क़साई के खूँटे(से) बँधना -- to get wedded to a merciless man; to be entrusted to a cruel fellow.
क़साई-के खूँटे(से) बाँधना -- to hand over to a merciless person/butcher.
  • कसा-कसाया kasa:kasa:ya: -- (a).
  • कसाकसी kasa:kasi: -- (nf) tension; antagonism.
  • कसार kasa:r -- (nm) wheat flour fried in ghee and mixed with sugar.
  • कसा/ला kasa:la: -- (nm) toil, labour.
कसाले का -- requiring great toil and pains; oppressive and laborious (business).
  • कसाव kasa:v -- (nm) tightness; stiffness; the quality of being well-knit; terse (language style); muscularity; hence कसावदार (a).
  • कसावट kasa:vaṭ -- (nf) tightness; terseness; muscularity.
  • क़सीदा qasi:da: -- (nm) a special variety of eulogical poetic composition in Urdu/Persian.
  • क़सूर qasu:r -- (nm) fault; guilt.
क़सूरवार -- a guilty person.
  • कसेरा kasera: -- (nm) a particular Hindu community manufacturing and dealing in bronzeware.
  • कसैला kasaila: -- (a) astringent; hence कसैलापन (nm).
  • कसौटी kasauṭi: -- (nf) a touchstone; test, criterion.
कसौटी पर कसना, किसी को -- toput a person through his facings.
  • कस्तूरी kastu:ri: -- (nf) musk.
कस्तूरी मृग -- a musk-deer.
  • क़स्द qasd -- (nm) resolution, will.
क़स्दन -- deliberately, wilfully.
  • क़स्साब qassa:b -- (nm) a butcher.
क़स्साबखाना -- butchery.
  • क़हक़हा qahqaha: -- (nm) a burst/peal of laughter.
क़हक़हा लगाना -- to laugh boisterously.
  • क़हत qahat -- (nm) famine; utter scarcity.
क़हतज़दा -- famine-struck.
  • कहना kehnā: -- (v) to say, to state, to tell, to utter; (nm) saying, utterance, order; advice.
कहते न बनना -- to be beyond description, not to beable to narrate/describe.
कहना कुछकरना कुछ -- double dealing.
कहना सुनना -- persuasion, inducement; wrangling.
कहने को -- virtually, nominally.
कहने में आना -- to be misled, to be induced; to veer round.
कहने में होना -- to beunder (somebody's) commands, tobe under the spell (of).
कहना कहने से कुम्हार/धोबी गधे पर नहीं चढ़ता -- youcan take a horse to the water butyou cannot make him drink.
कह-बदकर -- with explicit resolution, challengingly.
कहें खेत की, सुनें खलिहान की -- to talk of chalk and tohear of cheese.
  • कहनावत kehnā:vat -- (nf) saying.
  • कहनी-अनकहनी kehnī: ānkehnī: -- (nf) vituperation, unpleasant utterance.
  • क़हर qahar -- (nm) calamity; divine wrath/affliction.
क़हर ढाना/क़हर बरपा करना -- to cause a devastation/calamity.
  • क़हवा qehwa: -- (nm) coffee.
क़हवाखाना/घर -- coffee house.
  • कहाँ kahā: -- (adv) where.
कहाँ अमुक, कहाँ अमुक -- the one being no match to the other, a world of differencebetween the two.
कहाँ का कहाँ -- carriedafar; stretched too remote.
कहाँ राजा भोज कहाँ गंगू तेली -- the one not fiteven to hold a candle to the other.
  • कहा kaha: -- (nm) saying; advice, order.
कहा सुना -- verbal impropriety, harsh words.
कहा सुनी -- altercation, verbal duel.
  • कहानी kaha:nī: -- (nf) a (short) story; tale.
कहानी कला -- the art of story-telling.
कहानीकार -- a story-writer, story teller.
कहानी गढ़ना -- to fabricate tales, to telltales.
  • कहार kaha:r -- (nm) a Hindu community earning its livelihood by supplying/carrying water, bearing palanquin and washing utensils, etc.; a member of this community; utensil cleaner.
  • कहावत kaha:vat -- (nf) a saying, proverb.
  • कहीं kahī: -- (ind) somewhere; any where; lest.
कहीं कहीं -- in some.
  • काँख kā:kh -- (nf) an armpit.
  • काँखना kā:khnā: -- (v) to grunt, to groan; to cough.
  • काँच kā:ch -- (nm) glass; intestinum rectum; the end of the lowergarment (dhoti:) which is tuckedto the waist at the back.
काँच निकलना -- a disorder in which the intestinumrectum is prolapsed.
  • काँजी kā:ji: -- (nf) a kind of sour gruel vinegar made by steeping mustardseed, etc. in water and letting theliquor ferment.
  • काँजी हाउस kā:ji:ha:us -- (nm) a cattle pond.
  • काँटा kā:ṭa: -- (nm) a thorn, spicule; fork; hook; fishing hook; prong; balance; the tongue of a balance; hands of a watch; the processof testing the correctness of amultiplication sum; bone of fish; obstacle.
काँटा निकलना -- to have anobstacle removed; to be relievedof a lingering agony.
काँटा होना -- tobe reduced to a skeleton, towither away; to act as an obstacle.
काँटे की तौल -- exact in weight.
काँटे बिछाना -- to pave somebody'sway with thorns.
काँटे बोना -- to sowseeds of distress or misfortune.
काँटों का ताज -- lit. a crown studdedwith thorns —an authority difficultto wield.
काँटों की सेज -- a bed ofthorns.
काँटों पर लोटना -- to writhe inpain; to be overawed by jealousy.
काटों में घसीटना -- to embarrass (byundue exaltation/praise/respect).
  • काँटी kā:ṭi: -- (nf) a bait.
  • कांटेदार kā:ṭeda:r -- (a) thorny; prickly, spiky.
  • कांड kā:ṉḍ -- (nm) untoward or unseemly/incident; even sectionaldivision; chapter; shaft.
कांड करना -- tocause an untoward or unseemly/incident.
  • कांत kā:nt -- (nm) husband; (a) lovely, pleasant; pleasing.
  • कांता kā:nta: -- (nf) wife; sweetheart; (a) beloved; lovely.
कांता सम्मित उपदेश -- a curtain lecture.
  • कांतार kā:nta:r -- (nm) a dense forest.
  • कांति kā:nti -- (nf) brightness, lustre, splendour, gloss; loveliness.
कांतिमय/मान -- bright, lustrous, glossy.
  • काँपना kā:pnā: -- (v) to tremble; to quiver; to shiver.
  • कांफ्रेंस kā:nfrens -- (nf) a conference.
  • काँव-काँव kā:v-kā:v -- (nf) crowing; unpleasant sound/words.
  • काँसा kā:sa: -- (nm) bronze.
काँसागर -- bronzesmith.
  • कांस्टेबल kā:nsṭebal -- (nm) a constable.
  • कांस्य kā:nsy -- (nm) see काँसा.
कांस्य पदक -- a bronze medal.
कांस्य युग -- the bronze age.
  • का ka: -- a post-position expressive of genitive case—of, belonging to, pertaining to, related with; insome dialects of Hindi 'का' isinterrogative pronoun standingfor क्या?.
का बरखा जब कृषी सुखाने -- after meat, mustard; after death, the doctor.
  • काइयाँ kā:īyā: -- (a) cunning, shrewd, crafty (man); hence काइयाँपन (nm).
  • काई ka:i: -- (nf) moss; algae.
काई छुड़ाना -- to rub out the moss, filth, etc.
काई सी फटना -- to be scattered, to go.
  • काउंटर ka:uṉṭar -- (nm) a counter.
  • काक ka:k -- (nm) a crow; cunning fellow.
काकतालीय -- chance.
काकतालीय न्याय -- a chance happening.
काकपद -- a caret.
  • काका ka:ka: -- (nm) a paternal uncle. hence काकी (nf).
  • काकु ka:ku: -- (nm) a peculiar tone; (resulting from distress or fear oranger etc.); sarcasm; an obliqueunwelcome remark.
  • काग ka:g: -- (nm) a crow; cork.
  • काग़ज़ ka:g̣az -- (nm) paper.
काग़ज़ पत्र -- documents; papers.
काग़ज़ काला करना -- to waste both paper and ink.
काग़ज़ की नाव -- a house of cards, a transitory thing.
काग़ज़ के घोड़े दौड़ाना -- toindulge in a vain and unproductive effort.
  • काग़ज़ात ka:g̣za:t -- (nm) papers, documents.
  • काग़जी kag̣zi: -- (a) made of paper; documentary, written; (e.g. काग़जी सबूत); having a thin rind (e.g.) काग़जी बादाम); academic action limited merelyto paper; delicate; (nm) a papermerchant.
काग़जी कार्यवाही -- action inwriting.
काग़जी सबूत -- documentary/written evidence.
काग़जी घोड़े दौड़ाना -- toindulge in mere paper transactions, to confine to sheer paper/academic actions; to accomplishprojects on paper alone.
  • काज ka:j -- (nm) a button hole; work; ceremony.
काज सरना -- to have a workaccomplished.
  • काजल ka:jal -- (nm) collyrium; soot.
काजल की कोठरी -- an abode of evil: a place or affair which imparts a stain onone's character by association.
  • क़ाज़ी qa:zi: -- (nm) a Muslim judge or magistrate; one who performsthe ceremony of nika:h in aMuslim marriage.
क़ाज़ी कि मुल्ला ?, (आप कौन हैं ?) -- What is your locusstandi ? How dare you interfere ?What business have you to intrude?क़ाज़ी-जी दुबले (क्यों).
शहर के अँदेशे -- to beworried about affairs that arenot one's concern.
  • काजू ka:ju: -- (nm) cashewnut.
  • काट ka:ṭ -- (nm) a cut, (act of) cutting; section; rebuttal; counter; erosion; incision; dissection.
काट करना -- to rebut; to counter.
काट छाँट -- cropping, trimming, pruning; abridgement; additions and alterations.
काट पीट -- cutting and over-writing, mutilation (of writing etc.).
  • काट/ना ka:ṭnā: -- (v) to cut; to chip; to chop; to bite; to trim; toprune; to shear; to reap; to mow; to interrupt (e.g.> बातकाटना); to fell(e.g. पेड़काटना); to pass/mark (e.g.)वक्तकाटना); to while away; to fleece; to divide a number leaving noremainder.
काट खाना -- to bite; tosting.
काटने दौड़ना -- to snap/biteone's nose up, to answer snappishly, to fly into a rage, to fretand fume.
काटे खाना -- to besnappish, to look spark daggers; arouse a feeling of desolation.
काटो तो खून नहीं -- to be in a blue funk, to be stupefied, to be paralysedby sudden fear/apprehension etc.
  • काठ ka:ṭḥ -- (nm) wood; timber; a block; (fig.) wooden, feelinglessperson.
काठ कबाड़ -- lumber, useless orcumberous material.
काठ का कलेजाहोना -- to be hard-hearted, to beheartless.
काठ का उल्लू -- a beetle-brain; an absolute blockhead.
काठ की हँडियादुबारा नहीं चढ़ती -- it is a silly fishthat is caught with the same bait.
काठ की हाँडी -- a means for dupery.
काठ मार जाना -- to be stunned.
काठ में पाँव देना -- to put one's legs in the stocks, to take to a troublesome course.
काठ होना -- to be petrified.
  • काठी ka:ṭḥi: -- (nf) a saddle; frame; structure.
  • काढ़ना kaṛḥnā: -- (v) to embroider; to extricate; to draw; to comb (hair).
  • काढ़ा ka:ṛḥa: -- (nm) a decoction.
  • कातना ka:tnā: -- (v) to spin.
  • कातिक ka:tik -- (nm) the eighth month of the Hindu calendar; also कार्तिक.
  • कातिब ka:tib -- (nm) a scribe; calligraphist.
  • क़ाति/ल qa:til -- (nm) a murderer.
क़ातिलाना -- murderous.
  • कान kā:n -- (nm) an ear.
कान उमेठना/ऐंठना -- to twist somebody's ear/ears byway of punishment.
कान कतरना/काटना -- to outwit, to prove more than amatch; to excel, to surpass.
कान काकच्चा -- easily misguided; too credulous.
कान खड़े करना -- to prick up theears; to get alert.
कान खड़े होना -- to bealarmed.
कान खाना -- to, pester, to diginto the ears (of).
कान-खोलकर (सुनना) -- to listen attentively, to pay heedto.
कान खोलना -- to put on the alert.
कान दबाना -- not to protest.
कान देना, कान देकर कान सुनना -- to incline one's ear to, toheed (somebody's words).
कान धरना -- to lend ear, to listen attentively.
कान न देना -- to turn a deaf ear.
कान नहिलाना -- not to budge in protest.
कान पकड़कर निकाल देना -- to force outwith disdain, to turn out disrespectfully.
कान पकड़ना -- to cry 'enough', to vow never to do a thing again, to express contrition (for).
कान पकना -- the ears to become sore (throughpersistent unwelcome talk etc.).
कान-पर जूँ न रेंगना -- to turn a deafear to, to be utterly heedless, to be very negligent or careless.
कान पर हाथ धरना -- to express ignorance; to pretend not to hear.
कान फटना -- tobe inflicted by a deafening noise.
कान फूँकना -- to initiate; to tutor.
कान फूटना -- to become deaf; to bedeafened.
कान फोड़ना -- to deafen (byexcessive noise).
कान बंद/बहरे कर लेना -- to turn a deaf ear (to).
कान बजना -- tofancy that one hears a sound whenthere is none.
कान बहना -- to have pusoozing/flowing out of the ear.
कान भरना -- to poison the ear (of), to excitedissension by talebearing.
कान मरोड़ना/मलना -- to twist the ear (by way ofwarning or punishment).
कान में उँगली दिए रहना -- to refuse to be attentive, to be heedless.
कान-में (कोई बात) डाल देना -- to apprise somebody (of something).
कान में तेल डालना -- to be inattentiveor negligent.
कान लगाकर सुनना -- to listenattentively, to pay heed to (whatsomebody is saying).
कानों-कानख़बर न होना -- to have a veil ofabsolute secrecy, not to allow asecret to be divulged.
  • काना ka:nā: -- (a) one-eyed; (a fruit) partly eaten away by insects; having slight obliquity (as कपड़ा); hence कानी.
कानी उँगली -- the littlefinger.
कानी के ब्याह में सौ-सौ जोखिम/जोखों -- a one-eyed girl's way tomatrimonial bliss is strewn witha hundred hazards, there is manya slip between the cup and the lip.
कानी कौड़ी भी पास न होना -- to be extremely indigent, to be without apenny.
काने को काना कहना -- to calla blind as blind (to utter an unwelcome truth).
  • कानाफूसी ka:na:phu:si: -- (nf) whisper, below one's breath.
कानाफूसी करना -- to speakin whispers, to whisper.
  • क़ानून qa:nū:n -- (nm) law.
क़ानून और व्यवस्था -- law and order.
क़ानून-छाँटना/क़ानूनदाँ -- a legalist, jurist, one who knows law.
क़ानून बघारना -- to be too much of a legalist, to talk law and nothing butlaw; to impose one's own interpretations on everything.
  • क़ानूनन qa:nū:nān -- (adv) legally.
  • क़ानूनगो qa:nū:ngo -- (nm) a land-record officer.
  • क़ानूनियत qa:nū:niat -- (nf) legality.
  • क़ानूनी qa:nū:nī: -- (a) legal, lawful.
क़ानूनी कार्यवाही/चाराजोई -- legal proceedings.
  • कापालिक ka:pa:lik -- (nm) a follower of the va:m-ma:rgi: shaiv sect, whocarries human skull (kapa:l) in hishand, eats meat and drinks allsorts of intoxicants.
  • कापी, काँपी ka:pi:, kopi: -- (nf) an exercise book; a copy.
कापीराइट -- copyright.
  • क़ाफ़िया qa:fiya: -- (nm) rhyme.
क़ाफ़िया तंग करना -- to harass, to put into a tightcorner, to persecute.
  • काफ़िर ka:fir -- (nm) a disbeliever (in the tenets of Islam); an atheist; (a) infidel; merciless.
  • क़ाफ़िला qa:fila: -- (nm) a caravan, convoy.
  • काफ़ी ka:fi: -- (a) enough; sufficient, adequate; (nf) coffee.
  • काफ़ूर ka:fu:r -- (nm) camphor.
काफ़ूर होना -- to vanish, to disappear.
  • काबला ka:bla: -- (nm) a bolt.
  • क़ाबलियत qa:bliyat -- (nf) ability, capability, competence.
  • काबा ka:ba: -- (nm) a square building at Mecca where Mohammedansfrom all over the world go forpilgrimage.
  • क़ाबिज़ qa:biz -- (a) possessing, occupying; constipative; (nm) apossessor.
  • क़ाबिल qa:bil -- (a) able; worthy; capable, competent.
क़ाबिल ए क़ाबिल तारीफ़ -- praiseworthy.
  • काबुल ka:bul -- (nm) the capital of Afghanistan.
काबुल में भी गधे होते हैं -- evenparadise has its share of fools.
  • क़ाबू qa:bu: -- (nm) control; hold.
क़ाबू से बाहर होना -- to take bit betweenteeth, to get out of hand.
  • काम kā:m -- (nm) work, task; job, employment; performance; function; passion, lust; desire, needle-work; embroidery.
काम कला -- the artof love.
काम कुंठा -- sex complex.
काम केलि/क्रीड़ा -- amorous sport, dalliance.
कामचार -- a caprice.
कामचारी -- capricious.
कामदेव -- Cupid—god of love.
कामबाण -- the fire of passion, the floweryarrows of Cupid.
काम भावना -- amoristicsentiment.
काम मद -- oestrus.
काममूढ़ -- overwhelmed by passion.
काम वासना -- libido, sexual craving.
काम वृत्ति -- sexualinstinct.
काम आना -- to be of avail orof servive; to come into use; tocome to one's rescue; to help; to be killed or slain (in battle).
काम करना -- to prove effective, to do thetrick; to succeed.
काम को काम सिखाताहै -- it is work that makes a workman, practice makes a manperfect.
काम चलाना -- to manage, todo with, to keep the work going.
काम तमाम करना -- to put an end to; todestroy, to undo; to kill.
काम देखो, अपना -- mind your own business.
काम निकालना -- to have the work accomplished.
काम पड़ना -- to have to do with, to have business with.
काम प्यारा होताहै, चाम नही -- handsome is that handsome does.
काम बनना -- to have a purpose served.
काम बिगाड़ना -- to make amess of a business; to put aspoke in one's wheel; to foil.
काम मेंजुटे रहना -- to be busy as a bee.
काम में लाना -- to turn to account, tobring into play.
काम लगना -- to getbusy, to have a pressing engagement; to get employed.
काम से कामरखना -- to mind one's (own) business.
काम होना -- to have one's purposeserved; to have to do a job.
  • कामकाज ka:m ka:j -- (nm) business, work.
कामकाज में आलसी भोजन में हुशियार -- the cats love fish but fear to wet.
  • कामकाजी kā:mka:ji: -- (a) busy; active, industrious.
  • कामगार kā:mga:r -- (nm) a worker, labourer, labour.
  • कामचलाऊ kā:mchala:u: -- (a) workable, serviceable; caretaker (government); (answering as a) makeshift stop-gap.
  • काम/चोर kā:mchor -- (a) malingerer, shirker; hence कामचोरी (nf).
  • कामदानी kā:mdā:nī: -- (nf) embroidered work.
  • कामदार kā:mda:r -- (a) embroidered; (nm) an agent; employee.
  • कामदी kā:madi: -- (nf) a comedy, farcical dramatic representation.
कामदीकार -- a comedy writer.
  • कामदेव ka:mdev -- (nm) Cupid-the god of love.
  • काम-धंधा kā:mdhāndha: -- (nm) work; occupation; business.
  • काम-धाम kā:mdhā:m -- (nm) work; business; occupation.
  • कामना kā:mnā: -- (nf) desire; lust, passion.
  • कामया/ब kā:mya:b -- (a) successful.
कामयाबी -- success.
  • कामांध kā:mā:ndh -- (a) passion-blind, overwhelmed by lust; hence कामांधता (nf).
  • कामाग्नि ka:ma:gnī -- (nf) the fire of passion, excessive passion.
  • कामातुर ka:ma:tur -- (a) passion-blind, blinded by lust; hence कामातुरता (nf).
  • कामार्त ka:ma:rt -- (a) love-lorn, obssessed by love; hence कामार्तता (nf).
  • कामिनी ka:mīnī: -- (nf) a (lustful) woman; beautiful lady.
  • कामी ka:mī: -- (a) sexually crazy, libidinous, amorous.
  • कामुक ka:mūk -- (a) amorous, salacious, libidinous; sensual.
  • कामुकता ka:mūkta: -- (nf) sexuality; libidinousness, amorousness, salaciousness.
  • कामोत्कंठा ka:motkāṉṭḥa: -- (nf) sexual craving, sexual urge.
  • कामो/त्तेजक, कामोद्दीपक ka:mottejak -- कामो ddi:pak (a) passion-arousing, exciting, aphrodisiac.
  • कामो/न्माद ka:monmā:d -- (nm) erotomania, sex-craze.
कामोन्मादी -- sex-crazy.
  • काम्य ka:mmy -- (a) desirable, covetable; worthy; hence काम्यता (nf).
  • कायचिकित्सा ka:ychikitsa: -- (nf) medicine; medical science.
  • क़ायदा qa:yda: -- (nm) a rule; practice; primer.
क़ायदा क़ानून -- rules and regulations.
  • क़ायम qa:yām -- (a) firm; established; located.
क़ायममिज़ाज -- composed, calmand composed.
क़ायममुकाम -- officiating.
क़ायम करना -- to establish.
  • कायर ka:yar -- (a) coward, timid.
कायरता -- cowardice, timidity.
  • क़ायल qa:yal -- (a) acknowledging, extending recognition (to); consenting; convinced.
क़ायल करना -- to bringhome to; to convince (by argument); to silence.
क़ायल होना -- to beconvinced; to yield, to be silenced.
  • काया ka:ya: -- (nf) the body, person; soma.
कायाकल्प -- rejuvenation.
कायान्तरण -- metamorphosis, metamorphism.
कायापलट -- metamorphosis.
  • कायिक ka:yik -- (a) somatic, physical, bodily.
कायिक व्यापार -- physical action.
  • कार ka:r -- —a suffix denoting a doer, performer, e.g. ग्रथंकार, चित्रकार; or a particular sound as भकार, मकार; (nf) a motor car.
  • कारआमद ka:r—a:mad -- (a) effective, useful.
  • कारक ka:rak -- (nm) a case (in Grammar); factor; a suffix denoting the factor responsible for a result, e.g. हानिकारक.
  • कारकुन ka:rkūn -- (nm) an agent.
  • कारख़ा/ना ka:rḳḥa:nā: -- (nm) a factory, workshop; mill.
कारख़ानेदार -- owner ofa factory/workshop/mill.
  • कारगर ka:rgar -- (a) effective.
  • कारगुज़ारी ka:rguza:ri: -- (nf) an achievement, attainment.
  • कारचोबी ka:rchobi: -- (nf) embroidery.
  • कारण ka:rāṉ -- (nm) reason, cause; agency, instrument.
कारणता -- causation; causality.
कारण शरीर -- causal body —theoriginal embryo or source of thebody existing with the UniversalImpersonal Spirit.
कारणात्मक -- causal.
  • कारतू/स ka:rtu:s -- (nm) a cartridge.
कारतूसी -- carrrying firing cartridges.
  • कारनामा ka:rna:ma: -- (nm) a feat, laudable deed; deed, doing.
  • कारनिस ka:rnīs -- (nf) cornice.
  • कारपोरेशन ka:rporeshān -- (nm) corporation.
  • कारबार ka:rba:r -- (nm) see कारोबार.
  • कारवाँ ka:rvā: -- (nm) a caravan.
  • कारसा/ज़ ka:rsa:z -- (a) working wonders, dexterous, adroit, efficient; trickster.
कारसाज़ी -- working of wonders; dexterousness, adroitness; trickery.
  • कारा ka:ra: -- (nf) a prison.
  • कारा/गार, कारागृह ka:ra:ga:r, ~grih -- (nm) a prison; jail.
  • कारावास ka:ra:va:s -- (nm) imprisonment; captivity.
  • कारिंदा ka:rīnda: -- (nm) a work agent, an agent.
  • कारिका ka:rika: -- (nf) versified interpretation, commentary in verse.
  • कारिस्तानी ka:rista:nī: -- (nf) doing; trickery, craftiness; misdeed.
  • कारी ka:ri: -- —a suffix denoting performance of an act or a doer, e.g. कल्याणकारी.
  • कारीग/र ka:ri:gar -- (nm) an artisan, craftsman; mechanic; tradesman, workman.
कारीगरी -- craftsmanship; workmanship.
  • कारूँ ka:rū: -- (nm) a cousin of Moses who was very rich and niggardly.
कारूँ का ख़ज़ाना -- immense wealth, immearsurable treasure.
  • कारोबा/र ka:roba:r -- (nm) business; occupation.
कारोबारी -- busy; pertainingto business; owning or having abusiness.
  • कार्टून ka:rṭū:n -- (nm) a cartoon.
कार्टूनकार -- a cartoonist.
  • कार्ड ka:rḍ -- (nm) a card.
  • कार्तिक ka:rtik -- (nm) see कातिक.
  • कार्बन ka:rbān -- (nm) carbon.
  • कार्मिक ka:rmīk -- (nm) workman; labour; personnel.
  • कार्य ka:ry -- (nm) job; task, work; action; function; religious function; ceremony; role; transaction; denouement (in a drama); effect.
कार्य कारण भाव -- causality, the relationship of cause and effect.
कार्य काल -- term (of office).
कार्यभार -- workload; charge (of office).
कार्यभारी -- in-charge.
कार्य विवरण -- details of business/transaction.
कार्य व्यापार -- action.
कार्य सिद्धि -- success, fulfilment of a job.
  • कार्यकर्त्ता ka:rykarta: -- (nm) a worker; an employee.
  • कार्यकुशल ka:rykushal -- (a) efficient.
कार्यकुशलता -- efficiency.
  • कार्यक्रम ka:rykkram -- (nm) programme; schedule.
कार्यक्रमण -- programming, scheduling.
  • कार्यक्षम ka:rykkshām -- (a) potential; competent.
कार्यक्षमता -- potentiality; competence.
  • कार्यतः ka:rytah -- (ind) de facto.
  • कार्यपालिका ka:rypa:lika: -- (nf) the executive.
  • कार्य-प्रणाली ka:rypraṉa:li: -- (nf) modus operandi.
  • कार्य-भंग ka:rybhāṅg -- (nm) break-down.
  • कार्यवाहक ka:ryva:hak -- (a) acting; officiating.
  • कार्यवाही ka:ryva:hi: -- (nf) action; proceedings.
  • कार्यवृत्त ka:ryvritt -- (nm) minutes (of a meeting etc.).
  • कार्यसाधक ka:rysa:dhak -- (a) effective; expedient.
कार्यसाधकता -- expediency.
  • कार्यसूची ka:rysu:chi: -- (nf) the agenda (of a meeting).
  • कार्यांग ka:ryā:ṅg -- (nm) the executive (wing).
  • कार्यान्वय ka:rya:nnvay -- (nm) execution, implementation.
  • कार्यान्वित ka:rya:nnvit -- (a) executed, implemented.
कार्यान्वित करना -- to execute.
  • कार्यान्विति ka:rya:nviti -- (nf) execution, implementation.
  • कार्याल/य ka:rya:lay -- (nm) an office, bureau.
कार्यालयीय -- official.
  • कार्यावली ka:rya:vali: -- (nf) the agenda.
  • कार्योत्तर ka:ryottar -- (a) post facto, ex post facto.
  • काल ka:l -- (nm) time; period; age, era; tense (in Grammar); end, death; famine; calamity; season.
कालकूट -- a very deadly poison.
काल कोठरी -- a death cell.
काल देवता -- the death-God.
काल पुरूष -- time personified.
काल बली -- all-powerfulDeath.
काल आना -- the end to come.
काल कवलित होना/के गाल में समाना/के मुँहमें जाना -- to be devoured by Death, to give up the ghost.
काल सा लगना -- to be as unwelcome as Death.
काल सिर पर खड़ा होना/नाचना -- to beat Death's door.
  • कालकोठरी ka:lkoṭḥri: -- (nf) a death cell, solitary cell, blackhole.
  • कालक्रम ka:lkkrām -- (nm) chronology; passage of time.
कालक्रमविज्ञान -- chronology.
  • कालचक्र ka:lchakkr -- (nm) the wheel of time.
  • कालजयी ka:ljayi: -- (a) that which transcends time; immortal.
  • कालत्रय ka:lttray -- (nm) the three times —past, present and future taken together.
  • काल-दोष ka:ldosh -- (nm) anachronism.
  • कालधर्म ka:ldharm -- (nm) death; timely duty.
  • काकॉलर ka:olar -- (nm) a collar.
  • कालांतर ka:lā:ntar -- (nm) time interval.
कालांतर में -- (adv) in course oftime, with the passage of time.
  • काला ka:la: -- (a) black; dark; strain: ed.
काला कलूटा -- jet black.
काला क़ानून -- black law.
काला कौआ -- as black asa crow.
काला चोर -- unknown/untracedperson.
काला ज़ीरा -- carum.
काला धन -- blackmoney.
काला नमक -- a kind of rock-salt.
काला नाग -- a cobra; a venomous/wickedperson.
काला पानी -- life imprisonment; the Andamans where Indianssentenced for life were deportedduring the British regime.
काला बाज़ार -- black market.
काला भुजंग -- pitch dark.
काला मुँह करना -- to be gone; to acquire abad name.
काली करतूत -- evil doings.
काली खाँसी -- whooping cough.
काले केआगे चिराग़ नहीं जलता -- nothing sustains in an encounter with thedevil.
काले कारनामे -- evil deeds.
कालेकोसों -- very far.
  • कालातीत ka:la:ti:t -- (a) not bound by time; timeless; time-barred.
  • कालानुक्रमण ka:la:nūkkramāṉ -- (nm) seriation.
  • कालावधि kala:vadhi -- (nf) period (of time).
  • कालिक ka:lik -- (a) periodical; seasonal.
  • कालिका ka:lika: -- (nf) see काली.
  • कालिख ka:likh -- (nf) soot, blackness; stain, stigma.
कालिख पुतना/लगना -- to bestigmatised, to come to disgrace, to have one's reputation sullied.
  • कालिमा ka:limā: -- (nf) blackness.
  • काली ka:li: -- (a) black, dark complexioned; (nf) an epithet of goddess Durga:.
काली छाया -- an ominous shadow (foreboding ill).
काली ज़बान -- Cassandra, prophet of ill, an ill-omened tongue.
काली मिर्च -- pepper.
काली माँ के गोरे बच्चे -- a black henlaying white eggs.
  • कालीन ka:lī:n -- —a suffix denoting relationship in time e.g. समकालीनतत्कालीन.
  • क़ालीन qa:li:n -- (nm) a carpet.
  • कालेज, कॉलिज ka:lej, kolij -- (nm) a college.
  • कालोचित ka:lochit -- (a) expedient; in accordance with the times.
कालोचितता -- expediency, accordance with thetimes.
  • कालौंच ka:lāūch -- (nf) blackness, sootiness.
  • काल्पनिक ka:lpanīk -- (a) imaginary, fictitious; utopian; hence काल्पनिकता( nf).
  • काव्य ka:vvy -- (nm) poetry.
काव्य कला -- the art of poetry.
काव्यकार -- a poet.
काव्य कृति -- a poetic work.
काव्य पाठ -- recitation.
काव्य-मर्मज्ञ/ काव्य मर्मी -- a connoisseur ofpoetry; hence काव्य मर्मज्ञता.
काव्यात्मक -- poetic; hence काव्यात्मकता (nf).
  • काश ka:sh -- (ind) Had God willed thus !.
  • काशीफल ka:shi:phal -- (nm) squash gourd.
  • काश्त ka:sht -- (nf) cultivation, farming; holding.
काश्तकार -- a cultivator, farmer, tenant.
काश्तकारी -- cultivation, farming.
  • काष्ठ ka:shṭḥ -- (nm) wood.
काष्ठ कला -- woodcraft.
काष्ठवत् -- as dead as wood, motionless.
  • काहि/ल ka:hil -- (a) slothful, lazy, indolent.
काहिली -- laziness, lethargy, indolence.
  • काही ka:hi: -- (a) blackish green, of the colour of moss; jealous.
  • किंकर्त्तव्य kinkartavvy: -- किंकर्त्तव्य मीमांसक causist.
किंकर्त्तव्य मीमांसा -- causistry.
किंकर्त्तव्य विमूढ़ -- in a fog, caught in a dilemma; placed on the horns of a dilemma; hence किंकर्त्तव्यविमूढ़ता (nf).
  • किंचित् kiṇchit -- (a) little, somewhat, slight.
  • किण्वन kiṉvān -- (nm) fermentation; brewing.
  • किंतु kīntu -- (ind) but.
किंतु परंतु -- ifs and buts.
किंतु करना -- to dilly-dally, to beevasive.
  • किंवदंती kīmvadānti: -- (nf) rumour; hearsay, tradition.
  • किंवा kīmva: -- (ind) or, otherwise.
  • कि ki -- (ind) that; for.
  • किकियाना kikia:nā: -- (v) to scream, to shriek, to screech; to shout in angry tones.
  • किचकिच kichkich -- (nf) altercation, quarrel; useless prattling.
  • किचकिचाना kichkicha:nā: -- (v) to gnash in anger.
  • किचपिच kichpich -- (nf) crowdedness, excessive throng.
  • किटकिटाना kiṭkiṭa:nā: -- (v) to gnash in anger, to produce a gritty sound.
  • कितना kitnā: -- (a) how much.
कितने पानी में हैं, (आप) -- where you stand.
  • कितने kitnē -- (a) how many.
  • क़िता qita: -- (nm) a plot of land; piece; number.
  • किताब kita:b -- (nf) a book.
किताबख़ाना -- a library.
किताब चाटना -- to read through/assimilate a book thoroughly.
किताबी -- bookish; pertaining tobooks.
किताबी कीड़ा -- a bookworm, avoracious reader.
किताबी ज्ञान -- bookish knowledge.
  • किधर kidhar -- (adv) where, whither.
  • किन kīn -- (pro) an oblique plural form of कौन (see).
  • किनका kīnka: -- (nm) a small particle; granule; (pro) of whom ?.
  • किनार kinā:r -- (nf) see किनारी.
किनारदार -- having a border, bordered; having an edge.
  • किनारा kina:ra: -- (nm) bank; shore; edge, border, verge.
किनाराकशी -- the actof drawing away.
किनारा करना/कसना -- todraw afar.
किनारे लगना -- to arriveat the destination.
किनारे होना -- tostep aside, to dissociate.
  • किनारी kina:ri: -- (nf) border; edge.
  • किन्नर kīnnar -- (nm) a mythical being with human figures and a head ofhorse or with a horse's body andthe head of a man; a race celebrated as musicians.
  • किफ़ायत kifa:yat -- (nf) economy, thrift, frugality.
किफ़ायतशार -- spendthrift, frugal, thrifty.
किफ़ायतशारी -- thrift, frugality, economy.
किफ़ायती -- economical, thrifty.
  • कियत्ता kiyatta: -- (nf) quorum; extent.
  • किया kiya: -- (v) did —past-participle form (mas. singular) of theverb करना.
किया किया कराया/धरा -- taken to a successful conclusion, accomplished.
किया मिट्टी में मिलाना -- to undo what has been achieved/accomplished.
किये का फल भोगना -- to drink as one has brewed.
कियेकराये/धरे पर पानी फेरना -- to marall one's efforts, to undo whathas been achieved.
  • किरंटा kirāṉṭa: -- (nm) (used derogatorily for) a Christian.
  • किरकिरा kirkira: -- (a) impaired, marred, spoilt; sandy, gritty.
किरकिरा करना, मज़ा -- to mar the pleasure (of).
किरकिरा होना -- to have one's pleasure (out ofsomething) marred.
  • किरकिराना kirkira:nā: -- (v) to grate, to be gritty; to have an itchingsensation in the eye caused by aforeign matter.
  • किरकिराहट kirkira:haṭ -- (nf) a grating noise.
  • किरकिरी kirkiri: -- (nf) a particle of foreign matter fallen in the eye; humiliation, disgrace.
किरकिरी होना -- tosuffer humiliation/disgrace.
  • किरच kirach -- (nf) a bayonet.
  • किरचा kircha: -- (nm) small particles; splinters.
  • किरण kirāṉ -- (nf) a ray, beam.
किरण फूटना -- a ray to shoot forth.
  • किरमिच kirmīch -- (nf) canvas.
  • किरमिजी kirmīji: -- (a) crimson (colour).
  • किरात kira:ṭ -- (nm) an ancient Indian tribe.
  • किराना kira:nā: -- (nm) grocery.
  • किरानी kira:nī: -- (nm) a clerk.
  • किराया kira:ya: -- (nm) rent, hire; fare.
किराये पर चढ़ाना/देना -- to rentout.
किराये पर चलाना -- to hire out.
  • किरायेदा/र kira:yeda:r -- (nm) a tenant.
किरायेदारी -- tenancy.
  • किरिच kirich -- (nf) see किरच.
  • किलक kilak -- (nf) a joyful outcry.
  • किलकना kilaknā: -- (v) to produce a joyful outcry.
  • किलकारना kilka:rnā: -- (v) to shriek joyfully.
  • किलकारी kilka:ri: -- (nf) joyful shriek/outcry.
किलकारी मारना -- see किलकारना.
  • किलबिलाना kilbila:na: -- (v) to crawl; to wriggle.
  • क़ि/ला qila: -- (nm) a fort, castle.
क़िलेबंदी -- fortification.
क़िलेदार -- garrison commander.
क़िलेदारी -- thecharge of a fort; the position ofa क़िलेदार.
क़िला फ़तह/सर करना -- toconquer an enemy, to achieve avictory; to accomplish a gigantictask.
  • किलो kilo -- (nm) kilo (gram).
किलोग्राम -- a kilogram.
किलोमीटर -- a kilometre.
किलोलीटर -- a kilolitre.
  • क़िल्लत qillat -- (nf) difficulty, botheration; paucity, scarcity, dearth.
क़िल्लत पालना -- to own up a botheration.
  • किल्ली killi: -- (nf) a small peg; key.
किल्ली घुमाना -- to direct an operation; to manoeuvre; to beguile; (किसी की) किल्ली हाथ में होना to have sway or control (over someone).
  • किवाड़ kiva:r -- (nf) door leaf, shutter.
किवाड़ देना -- to shut the door.
  • किशमि/श kishmish -- (nf) raisin.
किशमिशी -- raisin-coloured; of raisin.
  • किशोर kishor -- (a) adolescent; youthful.
किशोर अवस्था -- adolescent age.
किशोरता -- adolescence; youthfulness; hence किशोरी (nf).
  • किश्त kisht -- (nf) a checkmate (in the game of chess).
  • किश्ती kishti: -- (nf) a boat, ferry.
  • किस kis -- (pro) oblique singular form of कौन (see).
किस खेत की मूली हो, (तुम -- etc.) What are you worth ? Whatdo I care for you ? किस गिनती में हो ?What do you count for ? Whoreckons with you ? किस चॢड़िया कानाम है ? Who the hell is that ? किस मुँह से to have the cheek to.
  • किसा/न kisa:n -- (nm) a farmer, peasant.
किसानी -- farming; of or pertaining to a peasant.
किसान चाहे वर्षा कुम्हार चाहे सूखा -- donkey means one thing and the driver another.
  • किसी kisi: -- (pro) oblique singular form of कोई (see).
किसी तीसरे को भेद नदेना -- between you and me and thebedpost.
किसी पर जाना -- to resemble.
किसी बात को पक्का करना -- to make assurance double sure.
किसी से निपटना -- tohave bone to pick with someone.
  • क़िस्त qist -- (nf) an instalment.
क़िस्तबंदी -- fixation of instalments.
क़िस्त बाँधना -- fixation of instalments.
क़िस्तवार -- by/ininstalments.
क़िस्त क़िस्तों में -- in instalments.
  • क़िस्म qism -- (nf) type; kind; quality; variety.
क़िस्म क़िस्म का -- of differentkinds/types/varieties/qualities.
  • क़िस्मत qismat -- (nf) fate, fortune, lot, luck.
क़िस्मतवर -- lucky, fortunate.
क़िस्मत आज़माना -- to take one's chance, tochance one's arm, to try one'sluck.
क़िस्मत का खेल -- irony of fate.
क़िस्मत चक्कर/फेर -- (a stroke of) ill luck.
क़िस्मत का धनी -- lucky, fortunate.
क़िस्मत का लिखा -- thedecree of fate, dictates of destiny.
क़िस्मत का हेठा -- one who is humbled byfortune, not a favourite of DameLuck.
क़िस्मत अपने हाथ में होती है -- everyman is the architect of his ownfate.
क़िस्मत किसी को तख्त देती है, किसी कोतख़्ता -- fortune to one is mother, to another is stepmother.
क़िस्मत खुलना/चमकना/जागना/फिरना -- to have a favourableturn of fortune, to have an adventof good luck.
क़िस्मत पलटना/उलटना -- tohave a turn of fortune, to have asudden change in the course ofone's luck.
क़िस्मत फूटना -- to fall intoadversity, to have a stroke of illluck.
क़िस्मत लड़ना -- to have a run ofgood luck.
क़िस्मत लड़ाना -- to test/tryone's luck.
क़िस्मत सो जाना -- fortune toturn its back upon.
  • क़िस्सा qissa: -- (nm) a story, tale; quarrel, dispute.
क़िस्सा कहानी -- fiction, tales.
क़िस्सागो -- a tale-teller.
क़िस्सा कोताहकरना -- to present in short; to sayin brief.
क़िस्सा खत्म/तमाम करना -- to puta stop to the quarrel; to put anend to; to wind up (the matter).
  • क़िस्से/बाज़ qisseba:z -- (nm) a tale-teller, an idle talker.
क़िस्सेबाज़ी -- mess, imbroglio; complication.
  • की kī: -- (v) did की feminine plural form of किया.
  • की /ki: -- feminine form of का and किया.
  • कीकर ki:kar -- (nm) see बबूल.
  • कीच ki:ch -- (nf) mud, slime; sewage.
  • कीचड़ ki:chaṛ -- (nm) mud, slime, sewage, sludge; mattery discharge which collects in the corner ofthe eye.
कीचड़ उछालना -- to fling dirt, to indulge in denunciatory remarks.
  • कीजिए ki:jie -- (v) please do, honorofic imperative form of the verb 'करना'.
कीजिएगा -- same as कीजिए butrelating to the future.
  • कीट ki:ṭ -- (nm) an insect, a worm.
कीटविज्ञान -- entomology.
कीटवैज्ञानिक -- entomologist; entomological.
  • कीटाणु ki:ṭā:ṉū -- (nm) a germ.
कीटाणुनाशक -- insecticide.
कीटाणु युद्ध -- germ-warfare.
  • कीड़ा ki:ṛa: -- (nm) an insect, a worm.
कीड़ा काटना -- to get restless.
कीड़ा लगना -- to be eaten up by worms.
कीड़े पड़ना -- worms to breed (in), to get rot, tosuffer physical disintegration; tosuffer consequences of sins.
  • कीना ki:nā: -- (nm) rancour, grudge; self-dignity.
कीनावर/कीनेवाला -- onewho is meticulous in preserving(one's) self-dignity; rancorous.
  • कीप ki:p -- (nf) a funnel.
  • क़ीमत qi:mat -- (nf) price; cost; value.
  • क़ीमती qi:mti: -- (a) precious; costly, valuable.
  • क़ीमा qi:ma: -- (nm) minced meat.
क़ीमा करना -- to mince.
  • कीमिया ki:mia: -- (nf) alchemy.
कीमियागर/कीमियासाज़ -- an alchemist.
कीमियागरी/ कीमियासाज़ी -- (the practice of) alchemy.
  • कीर्तन ki:rtān -- (nm) devotional singing/song.
कीर्तनकार -- the performer of कीर्तन; also कीर्तनिया.
  • कीर्ति ki:rti -- (nf) reputation, fame, renown, glory.
कीर्तिमान -- enjoyingreputation, renowned; record.
कीर्तिमान स्थापित करना -- to establish a record.
कीर्तिशाली -- reputed, famous, renowned.
कीर्तिशेष -- surviving by virtue ofglory; dead, late.
कीर्तिस्तंभ -- a columnbuilt to commemorate a triumphalevent, a pillar/tower oftriumph.
  • कील ki:l -- (nf) a nail; pin; peg; toggle; wedge, spike, spline; core(of a boil); a gold or silver pinworn by women on one side ofthe nose.
कील काँटा -- tools and accoutrements.
कील-काँटे से लैस/दुरुस्त -- tip-top, in full attire; in completereadiness; to be fully equipped.
  • कीलक ki:lak -- (nm) a pivot; rivet; cuneus.
  • कीलना ki:lnā: -- (v) to drive a nail into; to spell-bind; to charm, tobreathe a spell or incantationover; to render ineffective.
  • कीश ki:sh -- (nm) a monkey.
  • कीली ki:li: -- (nf) an axis, a pillar.
  • कुँआ/रा kūa:ra: -- (a) bachelor, unmarried.
कुँआरी -- virgin, unmarried (girl).
  • कुंकुम kūṅkum -- (nf) saffron; rouge.
  • कुंचित kuṇchit -- (a) curved; curled, curly.
  • कुंज kuṇj -- (nf) a grove, bower, arbour.
  • कुँजड़ा kūjṛa: -- (nm) a vegetable vendor; green-grocer.
कुंजड़ों की तरह लड़ना -- to quarrel like low-bredpeople, to quarrel over trifles.
  • कुंजी kūṇji: -- (nf) a key (for a lock/for a difficult text or book etc.).
कुंजी हाथ में होना -- to possess the key to.
  • कुंठा kūṉṭḥa: -- (nf) frustration; comlex.
कुंठाग्रस्त -- frustrated, obsessed by frustration; complexed.
  • कुंठित kūṉṭḥit -- (a) blunt; frustrated; stunted.
कुंठितबुद्धि -- not of sharp intellect, dullard.
  • कुंड kūṉḍ -- (nm) a reservoir; pool; cistern.
  • कुंड/ल kūṉḍal -- (nm) a large-sized ear-ring.
कुंडलाकार -- circular, ring-like.
  • कुंडलिनी kūṉḍalinī: -- (nf) the serpent.
  • कुंडली kūṉḍli: -- (nf) a coil; horoscope.
कुंडलित -- coiled; circular, spiral; serpentine.
  • कुंडा kunḍa: -- (nm) a large earthen bowl/pot.
कुंडा करना -- to devastate, to undo, to ruin.
  • कुंडी kūṉḍi: -- (nf) a hasp; an iron-chain fixed in a door (for lockingpurposes); see कूंडी.
कुंडी खटखटाना/खड़खड़ाना -- to rattle the chain(signifying a request to openthe door).
कुंडी लगाना -- to bolt, tofasten the door-chain.
  • कुंद kūnd -- (nm) a kind of flower; (a) obtuse; blunt; slow.
कुंदज़ेहन -- dull, obtuse.
  • कुंदन kundan -- (nm) purified and glittering gold.
कुंदन की तरह दमकना -- toshine like purified gold.
  • कुंदा kūnda: -- (nm) the butt (end of a gun); log; block of wood; handle(of an instrument).
  • कुंभ kumbh -- (nm) a pitcher, pot (of clay); Aquarius, sign of thezodiac; a sacred festival of theHindus which falls after everytwelve years.
कुंभक -- in pra:ṉa:ya:m, the phase of stopping the breathby shutting the mouth and closingthe nostrils with the fingers of theright hand.
कुंभकार -- a potter.
  • कुँवर kūwar -- (nm) a prince; son.
  • कु ku -- a Sanskrit perfix meaning deterioration, depreciation, deficiency, want, littleness, hindrance, reproach, contempt, guilt.
कुकृत्य -- see कुकर्म.
कुख्यात -- notorious, infamous.
कुख्याति -- notoriety, infamy.
कुगति -- bad plight, state ofaffliction.
कुचैला -- dirty, filthy (usedonly as the latter member of thecompound मैला-कुचैला).
कुजोग -- mischance, adverse circumstance, illluck.
कुटेक -- obduracy; addiction, abad habit.
कुडौल -- ugly, havingdisproportionate physical build, possessing unsymmetrical physicalframe.
कुढंगा -- absurd; lacking proportion or symmetry; inappropriate.
कुढब -- undesirable manner/ill practice; evil way.
कुदर्शन -- ominous; ugly, grotesque.
कुदिन -- unfavourable times, adversity.
कुदृष्टि -- ominous glance, a glanceresulting in ill-luck.
कुधातु -- a basemetal; iron.
कुधान्य -- ill-earnedfoodgrains.
कुनाम -- infamy, disrepute; notorious.
कुपंथ/यश -- immoral/evil course.
कुपंथ गामी -- following animmoral/evil course, morallydegenerate.
कुपुत्र -- an undutifulson, bad son.
कुबेला -- late hour; too late.
कुभाव -- ill-will, rancour, jealousy.
कुमंत्र -- evil counsel, misleading advise.
कुयोग -- see कुजोग.
कुराह -- evil course, the path of sin; uneven path.
कुराही -- one whofollows the path of degeneration; a sinner.
कुवृत्ति -- evil tendency; evilcalling; bad mentality; ill-disposition.
  • कुआँ kuā: -- (nm) a well.
कुआँ खोदना -- to dig a well; (fig.) to endeavour toharm somebody; to make aneffort for one's own needs.
कुएँका मेंढक -- frog of a well—onehaving too limited experience or anarrow outlook; a know-little.
कुआँ प्यासे के पास नहीं जाता, प्यासा कुएँ पर जाता है -- the mountain will not cometo Mahomet, Mahomet will go tothe mountain.
कुएँ पर से प्यासा आना -- to reach the destination and yetreturn frustrated.
कुएँ में धकेलना -- to ruin the life of, (esp.) used fora girl when she is married off toan undeserving person or in anundesirable family.
कुएँ में बाँसडालना -- to make a frantic search.
  • कुकरे kukre -- (nm) (used in plu.) trachoma.
  • कुक/र्म kukarm -- (nm) evil deed, misdeed, sin.
कुकर्मी -- evil doer, sinner.
  • कुकुर kukur -- (nm) a dog.
कुकुर खाँसी -- whooping cough.
कुकुरमुत्ता -- a mushroom.
  • कुकृत्य kukritty -- (nm) see कुकर्म.
  • कुक्कुट kukkuṭ -- (nm) a cock.
कुक्कुट पालन -- poultry-farming.
  • कुक्षि kukshi -- (nf) the womb.
  • कुख्या/त kukkhya:t -- (a) notorious, infamous, of ill repute.
कुख्याति -- notoiety, infamy.
  • कुगति kugati -- (nf) bad plight; state of affliction.
  • कुच kuch -- (nm) the female breast.
कुचमंडल -- the female breasts.
  • कुच/क्र kuchakkr -- (nm) a conspiracy, plot.
कुचक्री -- conspirator, plotter.
  • कुचलना kuchalna: -- (v) to crush, to trample (over).
  • कुचला kuchla: -- (nm) strychnine.
  • कुचा/ल kucha:l -- (nm) misconduct; aberration, evil course.
कुचाली -- corrupt, aberrant.
  • कुचेष्टा kucheshṭa: -- (nf) misdemeanour, condemnable activity.
  • कुछ kuchh -- (pro and a) some, a few; something.
कुछ एक -- some.
कुछ कुछ -- somewhat; to some degree.
कुछ कर देना -- tooverwhelm by magical or demonological charm.
कुछ कर बैठना -- to take awrong step; to do somethingwrong.
कुछ कहना -- to say harsh/unpleasant words.
कुछ का कुछ -- somethingaltogether different, something justthe contrary.
कुछ गुड़ ढीला कुछ बनिया, कुछ-सोना खोटा, कुछ सुनार -- to have somedeficiency at either end.
कुछ-न चलना -- to have no say.
कुछ न पूछिए -- to besimply indescribable.
कुछ न गिनना/नसमझना -- to consider as utterly insignificant, to count for nothing.
कुछ न सूझना -- to be in a fog, to be at aloss.
कुछ पल्ले न पड़ना -- not to be ableto make head or tail of.
कुछ भी हो -- come what may!.
कुछ समझना -- toassume airs.
कुछ होकर रहना -- somethingunusual to be bound to happen.
कुछ होना -- to be significant; somethingunusual to be imminent.
  • कुछेक kuchhek -- (pro.) a few, some, several.
  • कुजाति kuja:ti -- (nf) an inferior or low caste; low breed.
  • कुटनी kuṭnī: -- (nf) bawd, procuress.
  • कुटाई kuṭa:i: -- (nf) ramming, pounding; thrashing.
  • कुटिल kuṭil -- (a) crooked; curved, tortuous; perverse.
कुटिलता -- crookedness; curvature; perversity; tortuosity.
  • कुटी kuti: -- (nf) a cottage, hut, hermitage; cut grass and weeds (for cattle to eat).
  • कुटीर kuṭi:r -- (nm) cottage.
कुटीर उद्योग -- cottage industry.
  • कुटुं/ब kuṭumb -- (nm) a family, household.
कुटुंबी -- a member of the family, kinsman: a householder.
कुटुंब चलाना/पालना -- to maintain a family, to run a household.
  • कुटेव kuṭev -- (nf) evil/bad habit, addiction.
  • कुट्टी kutṭi: -- (nf) see खुट्टी; cut grass and weeds.
  • कुठला kuṭḥla: -- (nm) a small earthen granary, barn.
  • कुठाँव kuṭḥa:v -- (nm) wrong or forbidden place or point; undesirable or delicate place or point.
कुठाँव मारना -- to hit below the belt; to make anunbearable stroke.
  • कुठा/र kuṭḥa:r -- (nm) a kind of axe or hatchet.
कुठाराघात -- a violent stroke.
  • कुठौर kuṭḥaur -- (nm) see कुठाँव.
  • कुढं/ग kuḍḥaṅg -- (nm) ill manner.
  • कुढ़न kuṛḥan -- (nf) fretting, repining; grudge.
  • कुढ़/ना kuṛḥnā: -- (v) to fret or grieve, to begrudge, to repine.
कुढ़ कुढ़ कर मरना -- to fret out one's life.
  • कुतरना kutarna: -- (v) to nibble; to gnaw.
  • कुत/र्क kutark -- (nm) sophistry, fallacious/false reasoning, argument for argument's sake; perverseargumentation.
कुतर्की -- sophistical; one who indulges in perverse argumentation.
  • कुतिया kutia: -- (nf) a bitch; an abusive term for a woman.
  • कुतुबनुमा qutubnumā: -- (nm) a compass.
  • कुतूह/ल kutu:hal -- (nm) curiosity inquisitiveness; wonder.
कुतूहली -- curious, inquisitive.
  • कु/त्ता kutta: -- (nm) a dog; (in mechanics) detent; a worthless fellow, flunkey.
कुत्ते का काटना, पागल -- torun amuck, to go berserk.
कुत्ते की दुमकभी सीधी नहीं होती, कत्ते की पूँछ टेढ़ी की टेढ़ी -- natural characteristics persistforever, a leopard never changesits stripes; curst cows have shorthorns.
कुत्ते की ज़िंदगी जीना -- to livea dog's life.
कुत्ते की नींद -- dog-sleep.
कुत्ते की मौत मरना -- to die a dog'smiserable death.
कुत्ते के भौंकनेसे हाथी नहीं डरता -- the dog barkswhile the elephant passes by.
कुत्तेतक को नहीं दुत्कार सकता -- not to beable to say go to a goose.
  • कुत्सा kutsa: -- (nf) vileness, evil/vile feeling.
  • कुत्सित kutsit -- (a) contemptible, despicable; vile.
  • कुदकना kudaknā: -- (a) to hop.
  • क़ुदरत qudrat -- (nf) (the) nature.
क़ुदरत का खेल -- the feats of nature.
  • क़ुदरती qudrati: -- (a) natural; original, spontaneous.
  • कुदान kuda:n -- (nf) a jump.
कुदान भरना -- to take a jump.
  • कुदा/ल kuda:l -- (nm) a pick-axe.
कुदाली -- a small pick-axe.
  • कुनकुना kunkunā: -- (a) lukewarm, tepid; hence कुनकुनापन (nm).
  • कुनबा kunba: -- (nm) family, kinsfolk.
कुनबापरस्त -- nepotist; devoted to thefamily.
कुनबापरस्ती -- nepotism; devotionto the family.
  • कुनैन kunāīn -- (nf) quinine.
  • कुपं/थ kupanth -- (nm) evil/immoral course.
कुपंथी -- immoral, one whotakes to an evil course, aberrant.
  • कुपच kupach -- (nm) dyspepsia, indigestion.
  • कुपढ़ kupaṛḥ -- (a) illiterate, uneducated.
  • कुपथ kupath -- (nm) evil/immoral course.
कुपथगामी -- one who takes toan evil/immoral course.
  • कुपथ्य kupatthy -- (nf) unwholesome/unsalubrious food; consuming unwholesome or unsalubriousfood.
  • कुपात्र kupa:tr -- (a and nm) (an) undeserving (person), unworthy (fellow).
  • कुपित kupit -- (a) enraged, angry, irate.
  • कुपोषण kuposhaṉ -- (nm) malnutrition.
  • कुप्पा kuppa: -- (nm) a big flask.
कुप्पा सा मुँह करना/फुलाना -- to get sulky, to begrudge.
कुप्पा होना -- to be inflated(with joy); to become plump.
  • कुप्पी kuppi: -- (nf) a funnel; small flask; small metallic lamp.
  • कुप्रबंध kupprabandh -- (nm) mismanagement, maladministration.
  • कुप्रशासन kupprasha:san -- (nm) maladministration.
  • कुफ़् kufr -- (nm) blasphemy, heresy; a belief that defies Islam.
कुफ़् तोड़ना -- .
  • कुब/ड़ा kubṛa: -- (a) hunch-backed; bent.
कुबड़े को लात -- a blessing in disguise.
  • कुबुद्धि kubuddhi -- (a) wicked, vicious, depraved; (nf) wickedness, viciousness, depravity.
  • कुबोल kubol -- (nm) unpleasant/ominous words.
  • कुमक kumāk -- (nf) reinforcement, relief.
कुमक भेजना -- to send reinforcement.
  • कुमति kumāti -- (nf) perversity; base intellect; disunity.
  • कुमार kuma:r -- (a) bachelor.
कुमार व्रत -- celibacy.
कुमार व्रती -- a celibate.
  • कुमारिका kuma:rika: -- (a) see कुमारी.
  • कुमारी kuma:ri: -- (a) virgin, maiden; unmarried; (nf) a virgin/maiden; cape.
कुमारी कन्या -- a virgin girl.
  • कुमार्ग kuma:rg -- (nm) evil/undesirable course.
कुमार्गगामी -- taking an evil course.
  • कुमुद, कुमुदिनी kumud -- (nm), {kumudinī} (nf) a lily (flower).
  • कुम्मैत kummāīt -- (a) bay-coloured, bay; (nm) a bay horse.
कुम्मैत , आठ गाँठ -- guileful through and through.
  • कुम्ह/ड़ा kumhṛa: -- (nm) field pumpkin, ash gourd.
कुम्हड़े की बतिया -- a feeble and fragile person.
  • कुम्हलाना kumhla:nā: -- (v) to fade; to wither; to shrivel; to loselustre.
  • कुम्हार kumha:r -- (nm) a potter.
  • कुरकुरा kurkura: -- (a) crisp.
  • कुरचना kurachna: -- (nf) malformation.
  • कुरता kurta: -- (nm) a lose-fitting upper garment.
  • कुरती kurti: -- (nf) a blouse (for women); jacket; jerkin.
  • क़ुरान qurā:n -- (nf) the sacred book of the Mohammedans (said to be inspiredby God).
क़ुरान उठाना, क़ुरान पर हाथरखना -- to swear by the Qoran.
  • कुरीति kuri:ti -- (nf) condemnable/evil practice or custom.
  • कुरूप kuru:p -- (a) ugly, unsightly, hideous; hence कुरूपता (nf).
  • कुरेदना kurednā: -- (v) to rake; to scoop.
  • क़ुर्क़ qurq -- (a) attached; distrained.
क़ुर्क़ करना -- to attach; to distrain.
क़ुर्क़ अमीन -- a baillif, a court-official empowered to attach property ofthe person against whom a decreehas to be executed.
  • क़ुर्की qurqi: -- (nf) attachment; distraint.
  • क़ुर्बान qurbā:n -- (a) sacrificed.
क़ुर्बान जाना -- to be sacrificed.
क़ुर्बान होना -- to sacrifice oneself over (somebody).
  • क़ुर्बानी qurbā:nī: -- (nf) sacrifice.
क़ुर्बानी देना -- to make a sacrifice.
  • कुर्सी kursi: -- (nf) a chair; plinth (of a building); a position of authority; authority.
कुर्सी तोड़ना -- to idleaway time on a chair, to occupya chair idly.
कुर्सी देना -- to receive withrespect, to honour (by offering achair).
कुर्सी पर बैठना -- to occupy achair/position, to wield power/authority.
कुर्सी मिलना -- to get a portionof authority.
  • कुल kul -- (a) total; aggregate; entire; lineage, pedigree; family.
कुल कलंक -- a slur on the fair name of afamily.
कुलगुरू -- the family priest.
कुलदेव/देवता -- Penates, the family-deity.
कुलनाम -- surname.
कुलपति -- Vice-chancellor (of a University); headof a family.
कुल परम्परा -- a familytradition.
कुल पुरुष -- man of a respectable family.
कुल पुरोहित -- family priest.
कुल मर्यादा -- dignity of a family.
कुल वधू -- woman of a dignified family.
कुल कादीपक -- lit. light of the family; a sonwho brings honour to the family.
  • कुलक्षणी kulakshāṉī: -- (nf) an ominous woman; woman of evil disposition.
  • कुलटा kulṭa: -- (nf and a) (an) unchaste (woman), (a) lewd (woman); a trollop; hence कुलटापन (nm).
  • कुलफा kulpha: -- (nm) a kind of green leafy vegetable.
  • कुलफ़ी kulfi: -- (nf) ice-cream frozen in a conical mould.
  • कुलबुलाना kulbula:nā: -- (v) to wriggle; to creep; to be restless.
  • कुलबुलाहट kulbula:haṭ -- (nf) wriggling; creeping; restlessness.
  • कुल/वंत kulvānt -- (a) well-born, belonging to a noble family, genteel.
कुलवंती -- of noble descent, chasteand faithful (woman).
  • कुलाँच kulā:ch -- (nf) a leap; bound; somersault; hence कुलाँचना (v).
कुलाँचभरना -- to take a leap/jump, tohop.
  • कुलाँट kulā:ṭ -- (nf) see कुलाँच.
  • कुलाधिपति kula:dhipati -- (nm) Chancellor (of a University).
  • कुलाध्यक्ष kula:dhyakksh -- (nm) Visitor (of a University).
  • कुला/बा kula:ba: -- (nm) a hinge; hook.
कुलाबे मिलाना, ज़मीन-आसमाम के -- to tryto bring heaven and earth together; to build castles in the air, toindulge in fantastic planning.
  • कुलिया kulia: -- (nf) a small earthen crucible.
कुलिया में गुड़ फोड़ना -- to performa task very secretly, not to letothers have even an inkling ofone's doings.
  • क़ुली quli: -- (nm) a coolie.
क़ुली कबाड़ी -- a rag-tag, person commanding norespect; low-born (person).
  • कुलीन kuli:n -- (a) belonging to higher castes, aristocratic, noble, of nobledescent.
कुलीन तंत्र -- (caste) aristocracy.
कुलीनता -- nobility, noble descent, castearistocracy.
  • कुल्ला kulla: -- (nm) gargle, rinsing the mouth; sprout; also कुल्ली (nf).
  • कुल्हड़ kulhaṛ -- (nm) a small earthen bowl.
  • कुल्हा/ड़ा kulha:ṛa: -- (nm) a large axe.
कुल्हाड़ी -- a small axe.
  • कुवचन kuvachān -- (nm) filthy/unpleasant words; abusive language.
  • कुवासना kuva:snā: -- (nf) sinful/immoral desire; evil mental impression.
  • कुविचा/र kuvicha:r -- (nm) a bad/evil idea, an indiscreet idea.
कुविचारी -- indiscreet, imprudent.
  • कुव्यवहार kuvvyavaha:r -- (nm) bad behaviour, misbehaviour.
  • क़ुव्वत quvvat -- (nf) strength, power, energy, vitality.
  • कुश kush -- (nm) a sort of sacrificial grass—Doa cynosuroides.
  • कुशल kushal -- (a) skilful, skilled, deft, proficient, dexterous; (nf) well-being, happiness.
कुशल क्षेम -- well-being, happiness.
कुशल प्रश्न -- inquiry after thehealth and welfare (of a person).
कुशल मंगल -- welfare, well-being.
  • कुशलता kushalta: -- (nf) dexterity, skill, deftness; well-being.
  • कुशाग्र kusha:ggr -- (a) sharp; pointed.
कुशाग्रता -- perspicacity; sharpness.
कुशाग्रबुद्धि -- sharp, of keen intelligenceperspicacious.
  • कुशासन kusha:san -- (nm) bad government, maladministration.
  • कुश्क kushk -- (nm) a kiosk.
  • कुश्तमकुश्ता kushtāmkushta: -- (nm) juxtaposed wrestling, interlocking encounter.
  • कुश्ता kushta: -- (nm) nutritive and retentive calx prepared by chemical.
  • कुश्ती kushti: -- (nf) wrestling.
कुश्ती खाना -- to lose a wrestling bout.
कुश्ती मारना -- to win a wrestling bout.
कुश्ती लड़ना -- towrestle, to have a wrestling bout.
  • कुष्ट kushṭ -- (nm) leprosy.
कुष्ट निवारण -- eradication of leprosy.
कुष्ट पीड़ित -- suffering from leprosy, leprous.
  • कुसंग, कुसंगति kusāṅg -- (nm), कुसंग{ti} (nf) bad company, evil association.
  • कुसंस्का/र kusānska:r -- (nm) unwholesome or evil mental impression/ways; hence कुसंस्कारी (a).
  • कुसमंजन kusamaṇjan -- (nm) maladjustment.
  • कुसमय kusamay -- (nm) inopportune time; period of adversity.
  • कुसुम kusum -- (nm) a flower.
  • क़ुसूर qusu:r -- (nm) fault, omission; default.
क़ुसूरमंद/वार -- defaulter; at fault.
  • कुहक kuhak -- (nf) cooing, twittering (of a cuckoo); warbling; melodiousnotes.
  • कुहकना kuhaknā: -- (v) to coo; to twitter, to warble.
  • कुहनी kuhnī: -- (nf) an elbow; a hanger.
  • कुहर kuhr -- (nm) a meatus, a channel or passage (in the body).
  • कुहरा kuhra: -- (nm) fog, mist.
  • कुहराम kuhrā:m -- (nm) uproar, havoc, tumult; loud lamentation, bewailing.
कुहराम मचना -- an uproar/tumult to beraised, havoc to be created/caused.
  • कुहासा kuha:sa: -- (nm) mist, fog.
  • कुहासिया kuha:siya: -- (nm) fogman.
  • कुहुक kuhuk -- (nf) cooing; twittering, warbling.
  • कूँचा kū:cha: -- (nm) a broom.
  • कूँची kū:chi: -- (nf) a brush, a small broom.
कूँची फेरना -- to undo, to reduceto naught.
  • कूँड़ kū:ṛ: -- (nf) a furrow.
कूँड़दार -- furrowed.
  • कूँ/ड़ा kū:ṛa: -- (nm) a large shallow earthen bowl; basin; hence कूँड़ीfem. (diminutive).
  • कूक ku:k -- (nf) cooing; warbling.
  • कूकना ku:knā: -- (v) to coo; to warble; to wind (a watch etc.).
  • कूच ku:ch -- (nm) march, departure.
कूच करना -- to march, to depart. कूच का डंका बजाना to commence a march.
कूच बोलना -- to (order a) march.
  • कूचा ku:cha: -- (nm) a lane, bylane.
  • कूज, कूजन ku:j -- (nf), कूज{an} (nm) warbling.
  • कूजना ku:jnā: -- (v) to warble.
  • कूट ku:ṭ -- (nm) a hill-top; enigmatical verse; (a) counterfeit; forged; false; pseudo.
कूटकर्म -- deceptive act; forgery.
कूटकार -- a fraudulent person, forger; codifier.
कूट काव्य -- enigmatical poetry.
कूटनीति -- diplomacy; underhand manoeuvring.
कूटनीतिज्ञ -- adiplomat, diplomatist; manoeuvrer; hence कूटनीतिज्ञता.
कूट योजना -- aplot, an intrigue.
कूट युद्ध -- deceptivewarfare.
कूट लिपि -- code-script.
कूट लेख -- code-writing; forged document.
कूट साक्षी -- perjury, false witness.
कूट साक्ष्य -- false evidence, forged testimony.
  • कूटना ku:ṭnā: -- (v) to pound, to pestle; to crush; to beat; to thrash.
कूट-कूटकर भरा होना -- to be full of; to beimbued with.
  • कूड़ा ku:ṛa: -- (nm) rubbish; sweepings, refuge; trash.
कूड़ा करकट -- scourings, waste materials, rubbish, midden.
कूड़ाख़ाना -- rubbish dump.
कूड़ेदान -- adust-bin.
कूड़ा करना -- to spoil, to mar.
कूड़े के भी दिन फिरते हैं -- every dog hashis day.
  • कूढ़ ku:ṛḥ -- (a) stupid, dull-headed.
कूढ़मग्‍ज़ -- a dullard, nincompoop.
  • कूत ku:t -- (nf) estimate, assessment.
  • कूतना ku:tnā: -- (v) to appraise; to assess, to estimate.
  • कूद ku:d -- (nf) a leap, jump.
कूद फाँद -- gambols.
  • कूदना ku:dnā: -- (v) to jump; to skip.
  • कूप ku:p -- (nm) a well; a deep pit.
कूप मंडूक -- lit. frog of a well—a know-little, one confined within narrow limits of experience and knowledge.
  • कूपन ku:pān -- (nm) a coupon.
  • कूबड़ ku:baṛ -- (nm) a hump, hunch.
  • कूल ku:l -- (nm) a bank.
  • कूल्हा ku:lha: -- (nm) haunch, hip.
कूल्हे मटकाना -- to make a flirtatiousswinging of the hips.
  • क़ूवत qu:vat -- (nf) see 'क़ुव्वत'.
  • कृतकार्य kritaka:ryy -- (a) successful; fulfilled; one who has accomplished his assignment; hence कृतकार्यता (nf).
  • कृतकृत्य kritkritty -- (a) fulfilled, gratified; hence कृतकृत्यता (nf).
  • कृतघ्न kritaghn -- (a) ungrateful, thankless.
कृतघ्नता -- ungratefulness, thanklessness.
  • कृतज्ञ kritaggy -- (a) grateful, indebted, obliged.
कृतज्ञता -- gratefulness, indebtedness, thankfulness.
  • कृताकृत krita:krit -- (a) complete as well as incomplete; partially complete; acts of commission andomission.
  • कृतार्थ krita:rth -- (a) gratified; obliged; hence कृतार्थता (nf).
  • कृति kriti -- (nf) a work (esp. of art or literature), composition, performance; deed.
कृतिकार -- the author, the creator.
  • कृतित्व kritittv -- (nm) accomplishment, achievement; creation.
  • कृती kriti: -- (a and nm) creative; one who has laudable achievements tohis credit, accomplished.
  • कृत्य kritty -- (nm) performance; duty; function.
  • कृत्रिम krittṛim -- (a) artificial; synthetical; pseudo; spurious; fictitious; sham; affected; laboured.
कृत्रिम गर्भाधान -- artificial insemination.
कृत्रिमता -- artificiality, sham, affectedness.
  • कुदं/त kridānt -- (nm) participle.
कुदंतज -- derived or created from a participle.
कुदंती -- pertaining to, or relatedwith, a participle.
  • कृपण kripāṉ -- (a) miser, stingy, parsimonious, niggardly.
कृपणता -- stinginess, niggardliness, parsimoniousness.
  • कृपया kripaya: -- (ind) kindly, please.
  • कृपा kripa: -- (nf) kindness; favour; grace; kindly disposition; favourable attitude.
कृपा कटाक्ष -- kindly/favourable look or disposition.
कृपाकांक्षी -- seeking favour.
कृपा-दृष्टि -- see कृपा कटाक्ष.
कृपा पात्र -- deserving favour; favourite.
कृपामूर्ति -- His/Your Grace.
कृपा सिंधु -- lit.ocean of kindness—an epithet ofGod.
  • कृपाण kripā:ṉ -- (nm) a dagger, sword.
  • कृपालु kripa:lu -- (a) kind, compassionate, benign.
कृपालुता -- kindness, compassion, benignity.
  • कृमि krimī -- (nm) a worm, an insect.
कृमिनाशक -- an insecticide.
कृमि रोग -- helminthiasis.
कृमिविज्ञान -- helminthology.
  • कृश krish -- (a) lean, thin; feeble, emaciated.
कृशकाय -- lean and thin.
कृशता -- leanness, thinness, slenderness.
कृशांग -- lean and thin, feeble; hence कृशांगी (nf and a).
  • कृषक krishak -- (nm) a farmer, peasant; cultivator.
कृषक दास -- a serf.
कृषक प्रथा -- serfdom.
  • कृषि krishi -- (nf) agriculture; farming, cultivation.
कृषि कर्म -- farming, cultivation.
कृषिकार -- farmer, cultivator.
कृषिजीवी -- a professional farmer, onewho earns his livelihood throughfarming.
कृषि विज्ञान/शास्त्र -- (science of) Agriculture.
  • कृष्ण krishṉ -- (a) black; dark; (nm) Lord Krishṉā.
कृष्ण पक्ष -- the dark halfof the month, the fortnight of thewaning moon.
  • केंचुआ kēchua: -- (nm) an earthworm.
  • केंचुली kēchuli: -- (nf) the slough (of a snake).
केंचुली छोड़ना -- to cast off theslough; to assume one's true colours.
केंचुली बदलना -- to take on a newslough; to metamorphose, to assume new colours.
  • केंद्र kendr -- (nm) (the) centre.
केंद्रगामी -- centripetal, directed towards thecentre.
केंद्रस्थ -- centrally located, central.
केंद्रापसारी -- centrifugal.
केंद्राभिमुख/केंद्राभिसारी -- centripetal.
  • केंद्र/क kendrak -- (nm) a nucleus; centroid.
केंद्रकीय -- nuclear.
  • केंद्रित kendrit -- (a) concentrated; centred; hence केंद्रितता (nf).
  • केंन्द्री/करण kendri:karāṉ -- (nm) centralisation; concentration.
केंन्द्रीकृत -- centralised; concentrated.
  • केंद्रीभूत kendri:bhu:t -- (a) centralised; concentrated.
  • केंद्रीय kendri:y -- (a) central.
  • के ke -- plural and oblique form of का (see).
के अनुरुप -- as per, accordingto.
के अनुसार -- according to.
के लिए -- for, for the sake of.
  • केकड़ा kekṛa: -- (nm) a crab.
  • केतकी ketki: -- (nf) pandanus, screw pine.
  • केतली ketli: -- (nf) a kettle.
  • केतु ketu -- (nm) the descending node of moon, comet; a mythologicaldemon whose head (Ra:hu) wassevered by Lord Vishṇu and thetorso was later known as केतु; a banner.
  • केर/ल keral -- (nm) Kerala —a southern state of the Indian Union.
केरली -- Keralite.
  • केला kela: -- (nm) a banana, a plantain tree.
  • केलि keli -- (nf) amorous sport, amorous dalliance; fun and frolic; sexual intercourse.
  • केवट kevaṭ -- (nm) a boatman.
  • केवड़ा kevaṛa: -- (nm) pandanus, screw-pine; fragrant pandanus water.
केवड़ा जल -- fragrant pandanus water.
  • केवल keval -- (a and ind) only, mere; merely; simply.
  • केश kesh -- (nm) the hair.
केशकलाप -- hair-do.
केशपाश -- the ringlets of the hair.
केशबंध -- the hair-ribbon.
केश रचना/विन्यास -- hair-do.
  • केशिका keshika: -- (nf) capillary.
केशिकात्व -- capillarity.
  • केस/र kesar -- (nf) saffron.
केसरिया -- saffron (coloured).
केसरिया बाना -- donningof saffron robes (for sacrifice).
  • केसरी kesri: -- (nm) a lion.
  • क़ैंची qāīchi: -- (nf) scissors; shears; a trick applied in wrestling.
क़ैंची करना -- to cut or clip with scissors.
क़ैंची बाँधना -- to apply the trick called क़ैंची.
क़ैंची-सी ज़बान चलना -- to talk nineteen tothe dozen.
  • कैंटीन kāīṉṭi:n: -- (nf) a canteen.
  • कैं/ड़ा kāīṛa: -- (nm) established standard or size; norm; scale.
कैंड़े का आदमी -- a man of certain standard.
कैंड़ेबाज़ -- cunning.
  • कैंप kaimp -- (nm) a camp.
  • कैंसर kainsar -- (nm) cancer.
  • कैंसिल kainsil -- (a) cancelled.
कैंसिल करना -- to cancel.
  • क़ै qai -- (nf) vomit, vomitting.
क़ै करना -- to vomit.
  • कै kai -- (pro.) colloquial variant of कितने (see).
  • कैथ kaith -- (nm) the wood apple कैथ Feronia elephantum.
  • कैथी kaithi: -- (nf) an earlier offshoot of the Devna:gri: alphabet.
  • क़ैद qaid -- (nf) imprisonment, confinement, incarceration; bondage.
क़ैदखाना -- a prison, jail.
क़ैद , सख्त -- rigorous imprisonment.
क़ैद , सादा -- simple imprisonment.
क़ैद काटना/भोगना -- to suffer imprisonment, to be in jail.
  • क़ैदी qaidi: -- (nm) a prisoner.
  • कैफ़ियत kaifiyat -- (nf) description: account; remarks.
कैफ़ियत का खाना -- theremarks column.
कैफ़ियत तलब करना -- to callfor an explanation.
कैफ़ियत देना -- to explain; to give/submit an explanation.
  • कैमरा kaimra: -- (nm) a camera.
कैमरामैन -- a cameraman.
  • कैरट kairaṭ -- (nm) carat.
  • कैवल्य kaivally -- (nm) the Ultimate Realisation, Eternal Emancipation, Perfect Liberation.
  • कैसा kaisa: -- (a) of what condition or kind; what sort of; (adv) how.
  • कैसे kaise -- (adv) how, in what way; what type of.
  • कोंक/ण koṅkāṉ -- (nm) in the Indian Union, the region lying west ofSahya:dri, administratively a partof Maha:ra:shṭra.
कोंकणी -- the language spoken in Koṅkāṉ; a personbelonging to कोंकण.
  • कोंचना kōchnā: -- (v) to prod; to goad; to coax.
कोंचा-काँची -- prodding, goading; coaxing.
  • कोंपल kōpal -- (nf) a new and tender leaf (just sprouting).
  • को ko -- a postposition denoting accusitive and dative case; to; for; on the point of; towards.
  • कोई koi: -- (pro) any, anybody; a few; some one.
कोई कोई -- some.
कोई न कोई -- someone or the other.
कोई कसर उठा न रखना -- to ring the changes; toleave no stone unturned.
कोई सूरत नज़र नहीं आती -- bad is the best.
  • कोक kok -- (nm) see चकवा.
  • कोकशास्त्र koksha:str -- (nm) a treatise on sex by an ancient Indian sexologist Koka:; the science of sex.
  • कोकि/ल, कोकिला kokil -- (nm), kokila: (nf) see कोयल.
कोकिकंठ/कोकिकंठी -- sweet-spokenas a cuckoo.
कोकिबैनी -- same is कोकिकंठी.
  • कोकीन koki:n -- (nf) cocaine.
कोकीनबाज़ -- a cocaine addict.
  • कोख kokh -- (nf) womb.
कोखजली -- a barren woman.
कोख उजड़ना -- a woman's only child to die.
कोख बंद होना, कोख मारी जाना -- to become barren.
  • कोचवान kochva:n -- (nm) a buggy-driver.
  • कोचीन kochi:n -- (nm) a former princely state in South India.
  • कोट koṭ -- (nm) a coat; citadel, castle.
कोटपाल -- the governor of acitadel.
  • कोटर koṭar -- (nm) a cavitation, cavity, hollow of a tree; cinus.
  • कोटा koṭa: -- (nm) quota.
  • कोटि koṭi -- (nf) degree, rank; quality; category; ten million; the end of abow.
कोटिक -- same as कोटि.
कोटिशः -- tenmillion times.
कोटिशः धन्यवाद -- manymany thanks.
  • कोठरी koṭḥri: -- (nf) a cabin; closet; cell; small room.
  • कोठा koṭḥa: -- (nm) a big room (esp. in the upper storey); an extensivechamber; a warehouse; the stomach; square (of a chess-boardetc.).
कोठा बिगड़ना -- to suffer from indigestion.
कोठा साफ़ होना -- to have clearance of the bowels.
कोठे पर बैठना -- to turn into a prostitute.
कोठेवाली -- a prostitute.
  • कोठा/र koṭḥa:r -- (nm) a store-house; warehouse; barn.
कोठारी -- the keeperof a store-house.
  • कोठी koṭḥi: -- (nf) a bungalow, mansion; a banking firm.
  • कोड़ा koṛa: -- (nm) a whip lash, scourge.
  • कोड़ी koṛi: -- (nf) a score, an aggregate of twenty.
  • कोढ़ koṛḥ -- (nm) leprosy, leprosis; (fig.) heinous evil.
कोढ़ में खाज -- aggravation of a calamity (by theonslaught of another).
कोढ़ चूना/टपकना -- oozing out of leprous matter.
  • कोढ़ी koṛḥi: -- (nm) a leper; thoroughly indolent man.
कोढ़ी मरे संगाती चाहे -- a drowning man seeks a companion.
  • को/ण kōṉ -- (nm) an angle; a corner.
कोणिक/ कोणीय -- angular.
  • कोतल kotal -- (nm) a majestic horse; (a) spare and saddled (horse).
  • कोतवाल kotwa:l -- (nm) the police officer-in-charge of a कोतवाली.
  • कोतवाली kotwa:li: -- (nf) city's main police-station.
  • कोताही kota:hi: -- (nf) deficiency, dearth, want; decrease.
  • कोदों kodō -- (nm) a kind of cheap coarse grain.
कोदों देकर पढ़ना -- to havefree and (by implication) unavailing education; to remain illiterate.
  • कोना konā: -- (nf) a corner, nook.
कोना अँतरा -- corners and recesses.
कोना कोना छान मारना -- to search high and low, to see every nook and corner.
कोने-कोने से -- from every nook andcorner, from all the length andbreadth of.
कोने झाँकना -- to feelabashed.
  • कोप kop -- (nm) fury, anger, wrath.
कोप-पात्र/भाजन -- target of anger, victimof wrath.
  • कोफ़्त koft -- (nf) ennui, tedium.
  • कोफ़्ता kofta: -- (nm) pounded meat or grated and boiled vegetablemade into balls and cooked insoup.
  • कोमल komal -- (a) soft; tender; delicate; slender; a flat note in music.
कोमलता -- softness; tenderness, delicacy.
  • कोयल koyal -- (nf) a cuckoo.
  • कोय/ला koyla: -- (nm) coal, charcoal.
कोयले की दलाली में हाथ काले -- evil association must leave its impress.
  • कोया koya: -- (nm) the eye-ball or its corner; cocoon; ripe pulp of ajackfruit.
  • कोर kor -- (nf) edge; flange; border.
कोर कसर -- deficiency; defect, draw-back, flaw.
कोरदार -- flanged.
कोर दबना -- to be under the pressure of.
  • कोरक korak -- (nm) a bud.
  • कोरनिश kornish -- (nf) salutation with the head and body bowing down.
कोरनिश बजाना -- to make deferential salutation.
  • कोरम korām -- (nm) quorum.
  • कोरस koras -- (nm) chorus.
  • कोरा kora: -- (a) blank; unused, untouched; unwashed; brand new; fresh; unlettered.
कोरापन -- freshness; newness; virginity.
कोरा-आदर्शवादी -- adon Quixote.
कोरा जवाब -- flat refusal.
कोरा मूर्ख -- thoroughly stupid.
कोरा लौटना -- toreturn empty-handed.
कोरी कल्पना -- cock and bull story.
कोरी बातें -- empty talks.
  • कोरी kori: -- (nm) a Hindu weaver; (a) feminine form of कोरा (see).
  • कोर्ट मार्शल korṭ ma:rshal -- (nm) court martial.
  • कोर्स kors -- (nm) course.
  • कोलाहल kola:hal -- (nm) noise, uproar, clamour, tumult.
  • कोल्हू kolhu: -- (nm) a crusher.
कोल्हू काटकर मुँगली (री) बनाना -- to suffer a greater loss for smaller gain.
कोल्हू का बैल -- agalley slave, drudge.
  • कोश kosh -- (nm) a dictionary; lexicon; a sheath; covering; shell; ball; testicles.
कोश कला -- the art of lexicography.
कोशकार -- a lexicographer.
कोशविज्ञान -- lexicology, the scienceof lexicography.
कोश वृद्धि -- hydrocele.
  • कोशिका koshika: -- (nf) (in Biology) a cell.
  • कोशिश koshish -- (nf) effort, endeavour.
  • को/ष kosh -- (nm) a treasure, fund.
कोषागार -- treasury.
कोषाध्यक्ष -- treasurer.
  • कोष्ठ koshṭḥ -- (nm) an apartment, a chamber; stomach; bracket.
कोष्ठबद्धता -- constipation.
कोष्ठशुद्धि -- purgation.
  • कोष्ठक koshṭḥak -- (nm) a bracket.
  • को/स kos -- (nm) a measurement of distance equivalent to two miles.
कोसों -- miles away.
कोसों, काले -- very far.
  • कोसना kosnā: -- (v) to curse, to impricate.
कोसना , पानी पी-पीकर -- to indulge in utter damnation, to shower cursesupon.
  • कोहनी kohni: -- (nf) an elbow.
कोहनी मारना -- to elbow.
  • कोहेनूर kohenu:r -- (nm) lit. mountain of light—world famous historicaldiamond which was cut into two; still adorning the crown of theBritish kings and queens.
  • कौंध kāūdh -- (nf) a flash; sudden trail of brilliant light.
  • कौंधना kāūdhnā: -- (v) to flash; to glitter.
  • कौंधा kāūndha: -- (nm) a flash; momentary glitter.
  • कौआ kau:a: -- (nm) a crow; harsh-spoken or cunning fellow; jet black man; uvula.
कौआ जब बोले तब काँव -- lit. a crow would always be harsh-spoken—a harsh spoken manwould always utter harsh words.
कौआ चला हंस की चाल -- every ass thinkshimself worthy to stand with theking's horses.
कौआ धोने से बगला नहींहोता -- a crow is never the whiterfor washing herself often.
  • कौटुंबिक kauṭumbik -- (a) familial, pertaining to the household.
  • कौड़ी kauṛi: -- (nf) a cowrie, —small shell.
कौड़ी कफ़न को न होना -- to be tooindigent, to be penniless.
कौड़ी का, दो -- not worth a farthing, utterly unworthy.
कौड़ी , कानी/फूटी -- a bad cowrie, a disfigured cowrie.
कौड़ी भी न होना -- not to have even a farthing, tohave no money whatever.
कौड़ी कामका नहीं -- of absolutely no avail; utterly insignificant.
कौड़ी के तीन-तीन -- dirt/damn cheap.
कौड़ी के मोल -- dirt/damn cheap, almost free.
कौड़ी केमोल न पूछना -- to consider as worthless/as of no avail.
कौड़ी के मोल बिकना -- to go very cheap; to lose all respect.
कौड़ी कौड़ी को मुहताज -- utterly indigent.
कौड़ी ग़लत पड़ना -- to misfire, to hitoff the mark.
कौड़ी कौड़ी चुकाना -- to payoff every farthing.
कौड़ी कौड़ी जोड़ना -- to save up every farthing; to bevery miserly.
कौड़ी कौड़ी दाँत से पकड़ना -- to be a stickler for every penny, to look twice at a penny.
कौड़ी कौड़ी भरना -- to repay to the last farthing.
कौड़ी कौड़ी से माया जुड़ती है -- pennyand penny laid up will be many.
कौड़ी भर -- very little, very meagre inquantity.
  • कौतु/क kautuk -- (nm) curiosity; amazement; fun, fun and frolic; spectacle.
कौतुकी -- frolicsome.
  • कौतूहल kautu:hal -- (nm) see कुतूहल.
  • कौन kāūn -- (pr.) who.
कौन सा -- what, which.
कौन मुँह दिखाना -- not to be in aposition to show up throughshame, to keep away for shame.
कौन-सा मुँह लेकर -- (how) to mustercourage to.
  • कौपीन kaupi:n -- (nm) a privity cover, piece of cloth worn by asceticsover the privities.
  • क़ौम quam -- (nf) a nation; community; caste.
क़ौमपरस्त -- national, nationalistic.
क़ौमपरस्ती -- nationalism.
क़ौमियत -- nationality; nationalism.
  • क़ौमी qaumi: -- (a) national.
क़ौमी तराना -- national song.
  • कौमार्य kauma:ry -- (nm) virginity; bachelorhood.
कौमार्य भंग करना -- to break the virginity, to have first sexualintercourse.
कौमार्य व्रत -- vow to everremain a bachelor/virgin, celibacy.
कौमार्यव्रती -- committed to be acelibate.
  • कौर kaur -- (nm) morsel.
कौर छीनना, मुँह का -- to rob somebody of his share.
  • कौरव kaurav -- (nm) the descendants of king Kuru, representing thevanquished party amongst thebelligerents in the great Indianwar —Maha:bha:rat.
  • क़ौल qual -- (nm) promise; agreement; contract; statement, dictum.
क़ौल करार -- mutual promise.
क़ौल का पक्का -- true to one's word.
क़ौल देना -- to makea firm promise.
क़ौल हारना -- to pledge(one's) word (to).
  • कौशल kaushal -- (nm) skill, dexterity, adroitness.
  • कौशेय kaushey -- (a) silky; silken.
  • क्या kya: -- (pro) what.
क्या कहने/खूब -- excellent! well-done! Bravo!.
क्या खाकर/मुँह लेकर -- how dare ! how can (you) muster courage to.
  • क्यारी kya:ri: -- (nf) bed (of a garden or field).
  • क्यों kyō -- (ind) why.
क्योंकर -- how.
क्यों कि -- because; since.
क्यों न हो! -- whynot; excellent ! it's but natural!.
  • क्रंदन krāndān -- (nm) lamentation, weeping and wailing, bewailing.
  • क्रम kram -- (nm) order; system; method; rank; sequence.
क्रमगुणित -- factorial.
क्रमबंधन -- marshalling; putting into order.
क्रमबद्ध -- orderly; systematic; hence क्रमबद्धता.
क्रम भंग -- disarrangement, disarray, disorder.
क्रमविकास -- evolution, steady growth.
क्रम सूची -- a catalogue.
क्रम से -- respectively.
क्रमहीन -- irregular; unsystematic; disorderly.
  • क्रमशः kramshah -- (adv) respectively; in order; by degrees.
  • क्रमांक kramā:ṅk -- (nm) roll number.
  • क्रमानुसार kramā:nusa:r -- (adv) respectively, in order, turn by turn.
  • क्रमिक kramīk: -- (a) serial, successive, turn by turn; hence क्रमिकता (nf).
  • क्रय kray -- (nm) purchase, buying.
क्रय विक्रय -- purchase and sale, buyingand selling.
  • क्रांत/दर्शी krā:ntdarshi: -- (a) a seer, visionary, gifted with preternatural vision; hence क्रांतदर्शिता( nf).
  • क्रांति krā:nti -- (nf) a revolution.
क्रांतिकारी -- revolutionary.
क्रांतिदूत -- (one) heralding a revolution.
  • क्रिकेट krikeṭ -- (nf) (the game of) cricket.
  • क्रियमाण kriyamā:ṉ -- (a) being performed/done, in progress.
  • क्रिया kriya: -- (nf) action, act; function; a religious performance; verb; last rites.
क्रिया , अकर्मक -- intransitiveverb.
क्रिया कर्म -- last rites, funeral rites.
क्रियाकलाप -- activity.
क्रियाकल्प -- technique.
क्रिया कौशल -- manipulation.
क्रियात्मक -- functional, operative, practical; verbal.
क्रियापद -- a verb.
क्रियावाची -- verbal.
क्रियावाद -- activism.
क्रियाविशेषण -- adverb.
क्रिया सकर्मक -- transitive verb.
क्रिया , करना -- to perform the last rites.
  • क्रियात्मक kriya:tmāk -- (a) functional, active; verbal; hence क्रियात्मकता (nf).
  • क्रियान्वि/ति kriya:nviti -- (nf) implementation, translation into action.
क्रियान्वित -- implemented.
  • क्रियाविधि kriya:vidhi -- (nf) procedure, methodology.
  • क्रियाशील kriya:shi:l -- (a) active, functional; hence क्रियाशीलता (nf).
  • क्रिस्ता/न kristā:n -- (nm) a christian.
क्रिस्तानी -- christian.
  • क्रीड़ा kri:ṛa: -- (nf) play, game, sport, dalliance; fun.
क्रीड़ा कौतुक -- funand frolic.
  • क्रीत kri:t -- (a) bought, purchased.
क्रीत दास -- a paid-for slave.
  • क्रुद्ध kruddh -- (a) angry, infuriated, enraged, wrathful.
  • क्रूर kru:r -- (a) cruel, unkind, merciless, ruthless.
क्रूरकर्मा -- cruel, ruthless.
  • क्रूरता kru:rta: -- (nf) cruelty, ruthlessness.
  • क्रेय -- .
  • क्रोध -- (nm) anger, wrath, fury, rage.
क्रोधवश -- out of anger, possessed by fury.
क्रोध पी जाना -- to subdue(one's) anger.
  • क्रोधित krodhit -- (a) angry, rageful, wrathful, enraged.
  • क्रोधी krodhi: -- (a) short-tempered, hot-tempered; irascible.
  • क्रौंच krāūnch -- (nm) a kind of curlew.
  • क्लब klab -- (nm) a club.
  • क्ल/र्क klark -- (nm) a clerk.
क्लर्की -- a clerical job; position of a clerk.
  • क्लांत klā:nt -- (a) weary, tired; exhausted; languid.
  • क्लांति klā:nti -- (nf) weariness, tiredness; exhaustion; languor.
  • क्लास kla:s -- (nf) a class (of students).
  • क्लिष्ट klishṭ -- (a) difficult, incomprehensible; far-fetched.
क्लिष्ट कल्पना -- far-fetched imagination; hence क्लिष्टता (nf).
  • क्लीव kli:v -- (a) impotent, unmanly; timid.
क्लीवता -- impotency, unmanliness; timidness.
  • क्लेश klesh -- (nm) anguish; affliction; pain; misery.
क्लेशकर -- painful, irk-some.
क्लेशदायक/दायी -- painful, troublesome, imparting misery.
  • क्लैव्य -- (ind) rare, rarely.
  • क्वथ/न kvathan -- (nm) boiling.
क्वथनांक -- boiling point.
  • क्वार kva:r -- (nm) the seventh month of the Hindu calendar (आश्विन).
  • क्वार्टर kva:rṭar -- (nm) a quarter.
  • क्षण kshāṉ -- (nm) a moment, an instant.
क्षण क्षण -- each and every moment.
क्षणजीवी -- evanescent, transient.
क्षणभंगुर -- momentary, transitory; hence क्षणभंगुरता (nf).
  • क्षणिक kshāṉik -- (a) momentary, transient, fleeting, transitory.
क्षणिकजीवी -- ephemeral.
क्षणिकवाद -- momentaryism, the Buddhist philosophywhich lays down that things die, i.e. change, every moment.
  • क्षत kshat -- (a) injured, wounded, hurt.
क्षत विक्षत -- wounded/torn all over.
  • क्षति kshati -- (nf) loss; harm; injury, detriment; wastage, damage.
क्षतिग्रस्त -- put to loss/harm; injured.
क्षतिपूरक -- compensatory.
  • क्षतिपूर्ति kshatipu:rti -- (nf) compensasation; reparation; indemnity.
क्षतिपूर्ति बंध -- indemnity bond.
  • क्षत्रप kshattrap -- (nm) a satrap.
  • क्षत्राणी kshattrā:ṉī: -- (nf) a woman of the kshattriy caste; brave woman.
  • क्षत्रिय kshattriy -- (nm) the second i.e. the warrior or the regalcaste in the traditional Hinducaste-hierarchy.
क्षत्रियत्व -- the attributeof the kshattriy caste, heroism.
  • क्षमता kshamta: -- (nf) efficiency, competence, capacity; power.
  • क्षमा kshamā: -- (nf) condonation; remission; forgiveness, pardon.
क्षमा याचना -- begging pardon, seekingforgiveness.
क्षमाशील -- tolerant, readily forgiving; hence क्षमाशीलता (nf).
  • क्षम्य kshammy -- (a) pardonable, forgiveable.
  • क्षय kshay -- (nm) decay, decadence, loss; waste; tuberculosis.
क्षय रोग -- tuberculosis.
क्षयशील -- decadentprone to wane away, dwindling.
  • क्षयी kshayi: -- (a) decadent, waning, dwindling.
  • क्षात्र ksha:ttr -- (a) pertaining to or typical of a kshattriy (see).
क्षात्र तेज -- the brilliance or heroism typicalof a kshattriy, martialling acumen.
क्षात्र धर्म -- the duty or function ofa kshattriy; martialling duty.
  • क्षार ksha:r -- (nm) an alkali.
क्षार गुण -- alkaline property.
क्षार भूमि -- barrenland.
  • क्षा/लन ksha:lān -- (nm) washing, cleaning.
क्षालित -- washed, cleaned.
  • क्षिति kshiti -- (nf) the earth; land.
  • क्षितिज kshitij -- (nm) the horizon.
  • क्षि/प्त kshipt -- (a) thrown, projected; interpolated.
क्षिप्तांश -- interpolation, interpolated text.
  • क्षिप्र kshippr -- (a) quick, nimble.
क्षिप्रता -- quickness, nimbleness.
  • क्षीण kshī:ṉ -- (a) feeble, weak, slender; delicate; languid; impaired; emaciated.
क्षीणकाय -- lean and thin, attenuated, emaciated, languid.
क्षीणता -- impairment; emaciation; leanness, thinness; langour.
क्षीणरक्त -- anaemic.
क्षीणवीर्य -- enfeebled, impaired, exhausted, dissipated.
  • क्षीयमाण kshi:yma:ṉ -- (a) waning, dwindling, declining.
  • क्षुद्र kshuddr -- (a) small; mean, base, petty; wicked; contemptible.
  • क्षुद्रता kshuddrata: -- (nf) smallness; meanness, baseness, pettiness, wickedness; contemptibility.
  • क्षुधा kshudha: -- (nf) appetite, hunger.
क्षुधार्त/क्षुधा पीड़ित -- hungry, famished.
  • क्षुब्ध kshubdh -- (a) agitated; excited, unquiet.
  • क्षेत्र kshettr -- (nm) field, ground, range; region, area.
क्षेत्रमिति -- mensuration.
  • क्षेत्रफल kshettrphal -- (nm) area.
  • क्षेत्राधिकार kshettra:dhika:r -- (nm) jurisdiction.
  • क्षेत्रिक kshettrik -- (a) territorial, zonal, regional.
  • क्षेत्रीय kshettri:y -- (a) territorial, zonal, regional.
  • क्षेप/क kshepak -- (nm) interpolation.
क्षेपकांश -- interpolation, interpolated passages.
  • क्षेपण kshepāṉ -- (nm) interpolation; projection.
  • क्षेम kshēm -- (nf) welfare, well-being.
  • क्षैतिज kshaitij -- (a) horizontal.
क्षैतिजतः -- horizontally.
  • क्षोभ kshobh -- (nm) agitation; excitement, commotion; fret.
  • क्षौर kshaur -- (nm) hair-cutting, shaving.
क्षौर कर्म -- hair-cutting, shaving.
  • ख kha -- the second consonant and the second member of the first pentad (i.e. कवर्ग) of the Devna:gri: alphabet; (nm) used in Sanskrit compound words to meanthe sky (as खग, खगोल, etc).
  • खँखार khākha:r -- (nm) expectoration, hawking.
  • खँखारना khākha:rnā: -- (v) to expectorate, to hawk.
  • खँगाলনা khāga:lnā: -- (v) to rinse, to clean out; to probe (as पुरी किताब खँगालने पर दो चार नए शब्द मिलेंगे).
  • खँजड़ी, खंजड़ी khājṛi:, khaṇjṛi: -- (nf) a timbrel.
  • खंजन khaṇjan -- (nm) a wagtail खंजन Motacilla alba; in literature, it isfrequently used as an उपमान forplayful gay eyes (खंजन-नयन).
  • ख़ंजर ḳḥaṇjar -- (nm) a dagger, poniard.
  • खंड khaṉḍ -- (nm) a portion, part, fragment, piece, bit; scrap; lump.
  • खंडन khaṉḍān -- (nm) refutation, rebuttal, repudiation; denial.
खंडन मंडन -- repudiation and vindication; discussion for and against.
खंडनात्मक -- repudiative, causing or embodying refutation/rebuttal/denial.
  • खंडशः khaṉḍshah -- (adv) sectionwise; clausewise; portion-wise; division-wise; piecemeal.
  • खँडड़सारी khāḍṛsa:ri: -- (nf) an indigenous form of sugar, unprocessed sugar.
  • खँडहर khāḍhar -- (nm) ruins; a dilapidated building.
खँडहर कर/बना देना -- to cause ruin/devasation, to dilapidate.
  • खंडीत khaṉḍit -- (a) broken; fragmented; split; repudiated.
खंडीत व्यक्तित्व -- split personality.
खंडीता -- a womanwhose husband or lover has lether down/been guilty of infidelity; also खंडीता नायिका.
  • खंदक khandak -- (nm) a moat, ditch, trench.
  • खंबा khamba: -- (nm) see खंभा.
  • खंभा khambha: -- (nm) a pillar, column; post, pole.
  • खखार khakha:r -- (nm) see खँखार.
  • खखारना khakha:rna -- (v) see खँखारना.
  • खग khag -- (nm) a bird.
  • खगो/ल khagol -- (nm) Astronomy.
खगोलखगो विज्ञान -- Astronomy; astronomical science.
खगोलीय -- astronomical; celestial.
  • खग्रास khaggra:s -- (nm) complete/whole eclipse.
  • खचाखच khacha:khach -- (a and adv) overcrowded, packed to full; absolutely (full).
खचाखच भरा होना -- to bepacked to full.
  • खचित khachit -- (a) studded; inlaid, engraved.
  • ख़च्चर ḳḥacchar -- (nm) a mule.
  • ख़च्चरी ḳḥachchari: -- (nf) a janet.
  • ख़ज़ांची ḳḥaza:ṇchi: -- (nm) a treasurer, cashier.
  • ख़ज़ाना ḳḥaza:nā: -- (nm) treasure; treasury; repository.
ख़ज़ाना अफ़सर -- treasury officer.
  • खजूर khaju:r -- (nf) date, date-palm; a kind of sweetmeat.
  • खट khaṭ -- (nf) sound produced by the impact of one object on another, sound of knocking, rap.
खट खट -- rapping, rap-trap; knocking; broil, quarrel.
  • खटक khaṭak -- (nf) an apprehension, misgiving; a lurking hitch (in themind); pinch.
  • खटकना khaṭaknā: -- (v) to click; to pinch, to offend; to raise apprehensions or misgivings; to be aneye-sore (to); to have a wrangling, to become estranged (with).
  • खटका khaṭkā: -- (nm) an apprehension, doubt; click; catch.
  • खटकाना khaṭka:nā: -- (v) to knock, to rap; to cause to wrangle, to causeestrangement.
  • खटखटाना khaṭkhaṭa:nā: -- (v) to tap; to keep on reminding.
  • खटना khaṭnā: -- (v) to toil, to labour hard.
  • खटपट khaṭpaṭ -- (nf) wrangling, squabbling, estrangement.
  • खटपाटी khaṭpa:ṭi: -- (nf) one side of a bedstead.
खटपाटी लेना -- to become sulky, to lie repining in bed.
  • खटमल khaṭmal -- (nm) a bed-bug.
  • खटमिट्ठा, खटमीठा khaṭmiṭṭḥa:, khaṭmi:ṭḥa: -- (a) having a mixed taste.
  • खटराग khaṭra:g -- (nm) mess, ado; entanglement; botheration.
  • खटाई khaṭa:i: -- (nf) a powder prepared from dried up (raw) mango parings [used as spice]; sourness, tartness.
खटाई में डालना -- to throw coldwater on; to keep in a state ofsuspense, to shilly-shally.
खटाई मेंपड़ना -- to be kept in abeyance; tokeep on dragging (some job orassignment).
  • खटाखट khaṭa:khaṭ -- (nf) rap, constant clicking; tapping noise; (adv) quickly, briskly.
  • खटाना khaṭa:nā: -- (v) to get sour.
  • खटास khaṭa:s -- (nf) a touch of sourness/tartness, rancidity.
  • खटीक khaṭi:k -- (nm) a low caste in the Hindu caste-hierarchy (whose mainoccupation is fruit-selling, pig-keeping and poultry farming etc.).
  • खटोला khaṭola: -- (nm) a small cot (meant for children).
  • खट्टा khaṭṭa: -- (a) sour, tart.
खट्टा चूक -- very sour.
खट्टा मिट्ठा -- sorrel.
  • खट्टिक khaṭṭik -- (nm) see खटीक.
  • खड़कना khaṛaknā: -- (v) to rattle; to clatter; to click; to tingle.
  • खड़खड़ाना khaṛkhaṛa:nā: -- (v) to rustle; to clatter, to rattle.
  • खड़खड़ाहट khaṛkhaṛa:haṭ -- (nf) rustling; clattering, rattling, cluttering.
  • खड़ा khaṛa: -- (a) standing, erect; upright, straight; vertical; steep, high; stationary; unreaped (as खड़ा खेत); whole, entire.
खड़े-खड़े -- atonce, there and then, instantly; standing a long while.
खड़ा होना -- tostand (for election etc.).
  • खड़ाऊँ khaṛa:ū: -- (nf) a wooden sandal.
  • ख़ड़िया khaṛiya: -- (nf) chalk, gypsum.
  • खड़ी khaṛi: -- (a) feminine form of खड़ा.
खड़ी चढ़ाई -- steep ascent.
खड़ी तैराकी -- upright swimming.
खड़ी पाई -- sign offull stop; a small vertical straightline which forms a part of a number of Devna:gri: characters (e.g.प, त, श, स).
खड़ी बोली -- standardmodern form of Hindi which hasbeen adopted as the official language of the Indian Union and whichhas become synonymous withHindi.
खड़ी हुंडी -- an outstanding bill ofexchange.
  • खड्ग khaḍg -- (nm) a sword.
खड्ग कोश -- a sheath.
खड्गहस्त -- with a sword inhand, ready to strike.
  • खड्ड khaḍḍ -- (nm) a deep pit, gorge.
  • ख़त ḳḥat -- (nm) a letter; line; hand-writing.
ख़तो-किताबत -- correspondence.
ख़त खींचना -- to draw a line.
ख़त करना -- a line to be drawn.
ख़त होना -- a breach/ crack to develop.
  • खतना ḳḥatnā: -- (nm) circumcision (of the foreskin of male organ).
खतना करना -- to circumcise (the foreskinof the male organ); to convert toIslam.
  • ख़तरनाक ḳḥatarnā:k -- (a) dangerous, hazardous, risky.
  • ख़त/रा ḳḥatra: -- (nm) danger, hazard, risk.
ख़तरे की घंटी -- a danger signal.
ख़तरे से खेलना -- to play with fire, torisk hazards.
  • ख़ता ḳḥata: -- (nf) fault; guilt; error.
ख़तावार -- guilty.
ख़ता करना -- to commit amistake/fault.
  • खतियाना khatiya:na: -- (v) to enter into the ledger, to make an entry, to post; to draw a line of demarcation.
  • खतौनी khataunī: -- (nf) a patwari's register containing details of tenants' holdings.
  • खत्ता khatta: -- (nm) a barn; ditch, pit.
  • खत्ती khatti: -- (nf) a barn, subterranean grain store.
  • ख़त्म ḳḥatm -- (a) ended; completed; concluded.
ख़त्म करना -- to do away with.
  • खत्री khattri: -- (nm) a caste among the Hindus.
  • खदान khada:n -- (nf) a quarry; mine; deep ditch formed by mining operations.
  • खदीर khadir -- (nm) catechu; cutch.
  • खदेड़/ना khadeṛnā: -- (v) to rout; to drive away, to chase out.
खदेड़ देना -- toput to flight.
  • खद्दर khaddar -- (nm) hand-spun coarse cloth.
खद्दरधारी -- one who donsclothes made of खद्दर.
  • खन khān -- (nm) a storey; moment; jingling sound (as produced by acoin by its impact on hard surface).
  • खनक khanāk -- (nf) a jingle/clink, jingling or clinking sound.
  • खनकना khanaknā: -- (v) to jingle/clink, to produce a jingling/clinking sound.
  • खनकार khanka:r -- (nf) a jingle/clink, jingling/clinking sound; hence खनकारना (v).
  • खनखनाना khankhanā:nā: -- (v) see खनकना.
  • खनन khanān -- (nm) mining, digging.
खनन कार्य -- mining/digging operations.
  • खनिक khanik -- (nm) a miner, mine worker.
  • खनिकर्म khanikarm -- (nm) mining (work or operation).
  • खनिज khanij -- (a) mineral.
खनिज पदार्थ -- minerals.
खनिज विज्ञान -- Mineralogy.
  • खपच्ची khapachchi: -- (nf) a bamboo-sliver, splinter, vertically rent piece of bamboo.
  • खपत khapat -- (nf) consumption; sale.
  • खपना knapnā: -- (v) to be consumed; to be sold; to be destroyed/ruined.
  • खपरा khapra: -- (nm) a cupel; round broken earthenware piece; anearthen roofing tile.
  • खपरैल khaprail -- (nf) a tiled shed.
  • खप्पर khappar -- (nm) a cupel; begging bowl, cranial bowl.
  • ख़फ़गी ḳḥafgi: -- (nf) displeasure, anger.
  • ख़फ़ा ḳḥafa: -- (a) displeased, angry.
  • ख़फ़ीफ ḳḥafi:f -- (a) petty, small, trivial; undignified.
  • ख़फ़ीफा ḳḥafi:fa: -- (nm) a court of small causes.
  • ख़बर ḳḥabar -- (nf) news, information.
ख़बर उड़ना -- news to be in the air/afloat.
ख़बर गर्म होना -- news to go allround.
ख़बर लेना -- to call/haul overthe coals, to give it hot, to taketo task, to settle accounts (with); to enquire (about).
  • ख़बर/दार ḳḥabarda:r -- (a) cautious, watchful.
ख़बरदारी -- cautiousness, watchfulness.
  • ख़बीस ḳḥabi:s -- (a) stingy; filthy (fellow).
  • ख़ब्त ḳḥabt -- (nm) craze, mania, fad, eccentricity.
ख़ब्त सवार होना -- to be crazy (about).
  • ख़ब्ती ḳḥabti: -- (nf) a maniac, an eccentric; (a) crazy, faddish.
  • ख़ब्तुलबवास ḳḥabtulhava:s -- (a) absent-minded, eccentric (person).
  • ख़म ḳḥam -- (nm) a kink; bend; curl; curve.
ख़मदार -- curved; curly.
ख़म ख़ाना -- to get curved; to be vanquished.
ख़म ठोकना -- lit. to slap the arms—toassume a challenging posture, tochallenge to a dual.
ख़म देना -- tojoggle, to impart a curve.
  • ख़मियाज़ा ḳḥamiya:za: -- (nm) retribution, punishment; loss.
ख़मियाज़ा उठाना -- to reap the fruit (of), to suffer retribution.
  • ख़मीर ḳḥami:r -- (nm) yeast, leaven.
ख़मीर उठाना -- to leaven, to ferment.
  • ख़यानत ḳḥaya:nat -- (nf) defalcation, perfidy, breach of trust.
  • ख़रगोश ḳḥargosh -- (nm) a rabbit, hare.
ख़रगोश का दिल -- a timid heart.
  • ख़रदिमा/ग़ ḳḥardima:g̣ -- (a) hot-headed, ill-tempered.
ख़रदिमाग़ी -- hot-headedness.
  • खरपतवार kharpatwa:r -- (nm) weed.
  • खरपात kharpa:t -- (nm) see खरपतवार.
  • ख़रबू/ज़ा ḳḥarbu:za: -- (nm) a musk melon.
ख़रबूज़े को देखकर ख़रबूज़ा रंगबदलता है -- association inevitablybreeds affinity.
  • खरल kharal -- (nm) a mortar.
खरल करना -- to pestle.
  • खरहरा kharehra: -- (nm) a currycomb.
  • खरहा kharha: -- (nm) a hare, rabbit.
  • खरा khara: -- (a) pure, genuine; straightforward; upright; honest; plain-speaking; overhot (e. g. खरातवा, खरी आँच); crisp.
खरा आसामी -- agood paymaster; a straightforwardperson.
खरा उतरना -- to hold water, tobear examination.
खरा कहैया -- a plain-speaking man.
खरा खेल -- genuine straightforward dealings.
खरा खेल फ़र्रूख़ाबादी -- straightforward undaunteddealings/conduct, calling a spadea spade.
खरा खोटा -- good and bad, genuine and spurious.
खरा दाम अच्छा काम -- good wages good work.
खरा परखना -- to distinguish good frombad, to discriminate between goodand bad.
खरा सिक्का -- a good coin.
  • ख़रा/द ḳḥara:d -- (nm) a lathe.
ख़रादिया -- a turner.
ख़रा पर चढ़ाना -- to turn on alathe; to reform.
  • ख़रादना ḳḥara:dṅā: -- (v) to turn on a lathe.
  • ख़राब ḳḥara:b -- (a) bad; spoiled; wicked; defective, faulty; depraved, miserable.
ख़राब करना -- to cause thefall of, to deprave; to spoil.
  • ख़राबी ḳḥara:bi: -- (nf) badness, wickedness; defect, fault; demerit.
  • ख़रामा-ख़रामा ḳḥara:ma:ख़रामा-ख़रामा-ḳḥara:ma: -- (adv) slowly, with (graceful) ease.
  • खराश ḳḥara:sh -- (nm) scratch; irritation (esp. in the throat).
  • खरी khari: -- (a) feminine form of खरा (see); chalk; oil cake.
खरी खोटी -- harsh and unpalatable, relentless(words).
खरी खरी सुनाना -- to call aspade a spade, to tell one somehome-truths, to speak out unpalatable truths.
खरी खोटी सूनाना -- tosend one away with a flea in one'sear, to give a bit of one's mind, to take to tasks.
खरी मजूरी, चोखा काम -- good wages, good work.
  • ख़रीता ḳḥari:ta: -- (nm) a pouch, small silk bag (in which lettersfor important men were enclosed).
  • ख़रीद ḳḥari:d -- (nf) purchase, buying.
ख़रीद फ़रोख़्त -- purchase and sale, buying and selling.
ख़रीद करना -- to purchase, to make purchases.
  • ख़रीदना ḳḥari:dnā: -- (v) to buy, to purchase.
  • ख़रीदा/र ḳḥari:da:r -- (nm) a buyer, vendee.
ख़रीदारी -- buying, purchasing.
  • ख़रीफ़ ḳḥari:f -- (nf) the kharif crop.
  • खरोंच kharōch -- (nf) scratch, bruise.
  • खरोंचना kharōchnā: -- (v) to scratch, to bruise.
  • ख़रोष्ठी kharoshṭḥi: -- (nf) an ancient script which was prevalent innorth-west frontier of Indiaroughly between 4th century B.C.and 3rd century A.D.
  • ख़र्च ḳḥarch -- (nm) expenditure, expense; cost.
ख़र्च उठाना -- to bear the expenses.
ख़र्च तोड़ना -- to reduce expenditure (on).
ख़र्च निकलना -- expenditure to be (re) covered.
  • ख़र्चा ḳḥarcha: -- (nm) expenditure, expense; cost, outlay.
ख़र्चा पड़ना -- tocost; to have to spend.
ख़र्चा बाँधना -- tocause recurring expeniture.
  • ख़र्चीला ḳḥarchi:la: -- (a) spendthrift, extravagant; expensive, costly; uneconomdical.
  • खर्रा kharra: -- (nm) a long sheet, roll (of paper); lengthy account.
  • खर्रा/टा kharra:ṭa: -- (nm) snore.
खर्राटे भरना/मारना/लेना -- to drive pigs to.
  • खल khal -- (a) wicked, vile, mischievous; (nm) a mortar; villain.
खलनायक -- a villian.
खलनायिका -- a vamp.
  • खलना khalnā: -- (v) to feel offended/bad, to take ill, to be displeasing.
  • खलबली khalbali: -- (nf) agitation, commotion.
खलबली पैदा होना/मचना -- acommotion to be caused.
  • ख़लल ḳḥalal -- (nm) interruption, disturbance, obstruction.
  • ख़लास ḳḥala:s -- (a) discharged; emptied; released.
  • ख़लासी ḳḥala:si: -- (nm) a seaman, khallasi, porter.
  • खलिहान khaliha:n -- (nm) a barn; threshing floor.
  • खली khali: -- (nf) oil cake.
  • ख़लीफ़ा ḳḥali:fa: -- (nm) a caliph; veteran wrestler.
ख़लीफ़ाओं के कान काटना -- to prove more than a match toveterans, to outdo the veterans.
  • ख़ल्क ḳḥalq -- (nm) creation, world.
  • खल्वाट khalva:ṭ -- (a) bald.
खल्वाटता -- baldness.
  • ख/वा khava: -- (nm) the end of the shoulder (farther from the neck), the root of the arm.
खवे से खवाछ?िलना -- to have a jumbling andjostling crowd, to have shouldersrubbing with one another, to beovercrowded.
  • ख़स ḳḥas -- (nm) fragrant root of a typical grass used for cooling purposes; its essence.
ख़स की टट्टी -- ascreen made of the fragrantroots of ख़स and used for coolingpurposes during the summers.
  • ख़सम ḳḥasam -- (nm) husband; master.
ख़समखानी/पीटी -- widowed, a malediction meaning may you bewidowed.
ख़सम करना -- to take a husband.
  • खसरा khasra: -- (nm) measles.
  • ख़सरा ḳḥasra: -- (nm) a patwari's survey-book (containing an account of the number, area etc.of each field or plot of land).
  • ख़सख़स ḳḥasḳḥas -- (nm) poppy seed.
  • ख़सलत ḳḥaslat -- (nf) nature, disposition.
  • ख़सी खस्सी ḳḥasi: khassi: -- (a) castrated, rendered impotent; (nm) a (castrated) he-goat.
ख़सी करना -- to castrate.
  • खसोट khasoṭ -- (nf) snatching, seizing quickly or unexpectedly.
  • खसोटना khasoṭnā: -- (v) to snatch, to seize quickly or unexpectedly.
  • ख़स्ता ḳḥasta: -- (a) crisp; brittle.
ख़स्ताहाल -- afflicted, in distress, ragged; brittle, fragile, worn out; hence ख़स्ताहाली (nf).
ख़स्ता कचौड़ी -- a kindof crisp कचौड़ी.
ख़स्ता हो जाना/ख़स्ताहाल होजाना -- to go to grass; to becomebrittle.
  • खाँ/च, खाँचा khā:ch -- (nf), ~a: (nm) a groove, recess, slit, vallecula; abig basket; coop.
  • खाँचेदार khā:cheda:r -- (a) vallecular; slitting, having slit(s).
  • खाँड़ khā:ṛ -- (nf) unrefined sugar.
  • खाँडा/ड़ा khā:ḍṛa: -- (nm) a big broad sword.
खाँडा बजना -- fighting toensue/commence.
  • खाँप khā:p -- (nf) a slice (of some fruits).
  • खाँसना khāsnā: -- (v) to cough.
  • खाँसी khā:si: -- (nf) cough.
  • खाई kha:i: -- (nf) ditch, trench, moat; entrenchment.
खाई पाटना -- to bridge agulf (between two or moreparties).
खाई होना -- to have a gulf/distance between.
  • खाऊ kha:u: -- (a) voracious, gluttonous; bribee.
खाऊ उड़ाऊ -- extravagant, wasteful, squanderer.
खाऊ मीत/यार -- selfish, self-serving.
खाऊ वीर -- gluttonous.
  • ख़ाक ḳḥa:k -- (nf) ashes; dirt and dust; anything trivial, precious.
  • ख़ाका ḳḥa:ka: -- (nm) sketch, outline; map, layout.
ख़ाका खींचना -- to make afun (of) to pull one's leg.
  • ख़ाकी ḳḥa:ki: -- (a) dull yellow-coloured, dust-coloured.
  • खाज kha:j -- (nf) scabbies, mange.
  • खाट kha:ṭ -- (nf) a cot, bedstead.
खाट खटोला -- household effects.
खाट तोड़ना -- to keep on lying idle.
खाट पर पड़ना -- to be bed-ridden.
खाट से उतारा जाना -- to be on the verge of death.
खाट सेना -- to be confined to bed throughprolonged illness.
खाट से लगना -- to bereduced to skeleton, to be emaciated.
  • खाड़ी kha:ṛi: -- (nf) a bay.
  • खात kha:t -- (nm) fovea, fossa.
  • खाता kha:ta: -- (nm) ledger; account.
खाता खोलना -- to open an account.
खाता डालना -- to commence dealings (with).
खाते में डालना -- to debit tothe account (of).
  • ख़ातिर ḳḥa:tir -- (nf) hospitality; (ind) for, for, the sake of.
ख़ातिरजमा -- assurance.
ख़ातिर रखना -- to rest assured.
ख़ातिरदार -- hospitable, one who extends hospitality.
ख़ातिरदारी -- hospitality, warmreception.
  • ख़ातिरी ḳḥa:tiri: -- (nf) hospitality.
  • ख़ातून ḳḥā:tu:n -- (nf) a lady.
  • खाद kha:d -- (nf) manure, fertilizer.
  • खादर kha:dar -- (nm) alluvial land, moor.
  • खादी kha:di: -- (nf) see खादीखद्दर.
खादीधारी -- see खद्दरधारी.
  • खाद्य kha:ddy -- (nm) food; (a) eatable.
खाद्य अखाद्य -- eatable and non-eatable, edible and inedible; good and/orbad food.
  • खान kha:n -- (nf) mine; quarry; receptacle, store-house; an abridged form of खाना used as the first member in compound words (खान-पान).
  • ख़ान ḳḥa:n -- (nm) a chieftain muslim chief; an honorific used withAfghan Muslim names; also a formof address to them.
  • ख़ान/दान ḳḥa:ndā:n -- (nm) family, kinsfolk.
ख़ानदानी -- familial; traditional; belonging to a high ornoble family.
ख़ानदानी आदमी -- descendantof a noble family.
  • खान-पान kha:n-pā:n -- (nm) (mode and manner of) eating and drinking; living; social relationship.
  • ख़ानसामा ḳḥa:nsa:mā: -- (nm) a house-steward; head of the kitchen and pantry.
  • खाना kha:na -- (v) to eat; to live on (e.g. साँप हवा खाता है); to corrode; to misappropriate (e.g. पैसा खाना); to sting (as by a venomous insect); to destroy; to squander, totake a bribe; (nm) food, meal.
खाओ तो ठेंगे से न खाओ तो ठेंगे से -- Hobson's choice.
खा जाना -- todevour; to ruin; to squander; tomisappropriate.
खाता-पीता -- well-to-do, fairly prosperous.
खाना कमाना -- toexert to earn one's livelihood.
खाना पीना -- to enjoy; to take bribe.
खाते-खाते पेट फट जाना -- to burst buttons with food.
खाने के लाले पड़ना -- .
  • ख़ाना ḳḥa:nā: -- (nm) a shelf; column; compartment; abode; chest or case.
ख़ाना आबाद(रहो) -- may you prosper; prosperous.
ख़ाना आबादी -- prosperity, flourishing as a householder.
ख़ानाख़राब -- ruined; without home and hearth, wandering.
ख़ानाख़राबी -- ruination; stateof being homeless.
ख़ानातलाशी -- search, house-search.
ख़ानाबर्बाद -- squandered, one who ruins one's own home.
ख़ानाबर्बादी -- ruination.
  • ख़ानापूरी ḳḥa:nā:pu:ri: -- (nf) to complete the formalities.
  • ख़ानाबदो/श ḳḥa:na:badosh -- (nm) a nomad, an idle wanderer.
ख़ानाबदोशी -- nomadism.
  • ख़ामी ḳḥa:mī: -- (nf) defect, draw-back, flaw.
  • ख़ामोश ḳḥa:mosh -- (a) silent.
  • ख़ामोशी ḳḥa:moshi: -- (nf) silence.
  • खार kha:r -- (nm) a rainy rivulet.
  • ख़ार ḳḥa:r -- (nm) a thorn; animosity, rancour.
ख़ार खाना -- to nurse a spiritof rancour (against), to have asense of animosity; to be in readiness to take revenge.
  • खारा kha:ra: -- (a) brackish; saline, salty.
खारापन -- salinity; brakishness; hence खारी.
  • ख़ारिज ḳḥa:rij -- (a) dismissed; rejected.
ख़ारिज करना -- to dismiss, to reject; to strike off (a name).
  • ख़ारिश ḳḥa:rish -- (nm) scabbies, itch, mange.
  • खाल kha:l -- (nf) skin; hide.
खाल उड़ाना -- to flay bare; to give a goodthrashing.
खाल उतारना -- to desquamate, to skin; to flay.
खाल उधेड़ना -- to beatblack and blue, to give one gyp.
खाल खींचकर भूसा भर देना -- to inflictsevere physical punishment.
खाल खींचना -- to peel off the skin, to flay.
  • ख़ालसा ḳḥa:lsa: -- (nm) the sikh community; a sikh.
ख़ालसा दीवान -- a religious assembly of the sikhs.
  • ख़ाला ḳḥa:la: -- (nf) mother's sister.
ख़ाला का घर -- an easy undertaking, a simple job; also ख़ालाजी का घर.
  • ख़ालिक़ ḳḥa:liq -- (nm) the creator.
  • ख़ालिस ḳḥa:lis -- (a) pure; unmixed, unadulterated; hence ख़ालिसपन (nm).
  • ख़ाली ḳḥa:li: -- (a) empty, vacant; unoccupied; blank; unemployed; unaccented beat (in music); ineffective (e.g. वारख़ाली जाना) fallow; only; mere (e.g. ख़ाली बात); only.
ख़ाली करना -- to vacate, to empty; to evacuate.
ख़ाली जगह -- vacancy.
ख़ाली जाना (वार) -- tomiss the mark.
ख़ाली जेब -- empty pocket, penniless.
ख़ाली पेट -- empty stomach.
ख़ाली बैठना -- to be idle, to be unemployed.
ख़ाली हाथ -- empty-handed; unarmed.
ख़ाली हाथ लौटना -- to draw a blank, to return empty-handed, to failin one's mission.
  • ख़ाविंद ḳḥa:vind -- (nm) husband, man.
ख़ाविंद बीवी -- man and wife.
  • ख़ास ḳḥa:s -- (a) special; particular; peculiar; proper (e.g. ख़ास दिल्ली कारहने वाला); important; chief: own(e.g. मेरा ख़ास आदमी).
ख़ासकर -- particularly.
ख़ास ख़ास -- selected (few).
ख़ासगी -- private.
ख़ासमख़ास -- very special; very intimate.
ख़ासियत -- speciality, characteristic.
ख़ासुलख़ास -- veryintimate; very dear one.
ख़ासोआम -- all people, the big and the small.
  • ख़ासा ḳḥa:sa: -- (a) fairly good, ample.
  • ख़ासियत ḳha:siyat -- (nf) characteristic; peculiarity; speciality; distinctive quality; natural disposition.
  • खिंचना khīchnā: -- (v) to be pulled; to be tightened; to be expanded; tobe attracted towards (खिंचना , की ओर).
  • खिंचाई khicha:i: -- (nf) the act or process of pulling/drawing/tightening/expanding/extracting/removing; leg-pulling.
  • खिंचाव khīcha:v -- (nm) strain; stretch; draught; attraction.
  • खिंडना khīḍnā: -- (v) to spill; to be spilled.
  • खिचड़ी khichṛi: -- (nf) a preparation of rice and pulse boiled together; a mixture, medley; hotch-potch; the festival known as मकर संक्रांति; (a) mixed.
खिचड़ी अलग पकाना, अपनी -- toblow one's own trumpet, to goone's own queer way.
खिचड़ी भाषा -- ahotch-potch language.
खिचड़ी खाते पहुँचाउतरना -- to be incredibly delicate.
खिचड़ी पकाना -- to hatch a plot, to conspire.
खिचड़ी होना, (बालों का) -- to have a sprinkling of grey hair amongst black.
  • ख़िज़ाँ ḳḥizā: -- (nf) the autumn, fall; (fig.) period of decay, adversity.
  • ख़िज़ाब ḳḥiza:b -- (nm) a hair-dye.
  • खिझाना khijha:na: -- (v) to tease, to vex; to assail playfully or maliciously.
  • खिड़की khiṛki: -- (nf) a window.
खिड़कीदार -- having window(s), ventilated.
खिड़की खोलना (दिमाग़ की) -- lit. to open thewindow—to let in fresh air (ofideas etc.).
  • ख़िताब ḳḥita:b -- (nm) a title.
ख़िताब देना -- to confer a title (on).
  • ख़ित्ता ḳḥi:tta: -- (nm) a tract of land.
  • ख़िदमत ḳḥidmat -- (nf) service; lackeying.
ख़िदमतगार -- a servant; lackey.
ख़िदमतगारी -- service, lackeying.
ख़िदमत बजाना -- to serve, to be at the service of.
  • खिन्न khinn -- (a) gloomy, glum, depressed; sad.
खिन्नता -- glumness, sadness, depression.
  • ख़िराज ḳḥira:j -- (nm) a tribute.
  • खिलंदरा khilandra: -- (a) playful, buoyant.
  • खिलखिलाना khilkhila:nā: -- (v) to burst into laughter; to laughheartily.
  • खिलखिलाहट khilkhila:haṭ -- (nf) a guffaw, burst of laughter.
  • खिलना khilnā: -- (v) to blossom, to bloom; to blow; to be delighted; to split up, to be rent asunder; to befit.
  • खिलवाड़ khilwa:ṛ -- (nm) frolic, fun and frolic, pastime.
खिलवाड़ करना -- to playwith, to treat lightly.
  • खिलाड़ी khila:ṛi: -- (nm) a player, sportsman; (a) playful, frolicsome.
खिलाड़ी , कच्चा -- inexperienced player.
खिलाड़ी , पक्का/सधा हुआ -- experienced/balanced player.
खिलाड़ीपन -- sportsmanship, playfulness.
  • खिलाना khila:nā: -- (v) to feed; to entertain to a meal; to administer(as medicine etc.); made to blossom/bloom/blow up/play.
  • ख़िलाफ़ ḳḥila:f -- (a) against, opposed; adversely disposed.
ख़िलाफ़वर्जी -- defiance; violation, transgression.
ख़िलाफ़ होना -- to be opposed (to), to be adversely disposed.
  • ख़िलाफ़त ḳḥila:fat -- (nf) pertaining to a calif; opposition (a wronglycoined equivalent for मुखालिफ़त see).
  • खिलौना khilaunā: -- (nm) a toy, plaything.
खिलौना बनाना -- to make a plaything of.
खिलौना होना -- to be a plaything in the hands of.
  • खिल्ली khilli: -- (nf) derision, making fun, ridiculing.
खिल्लीबाज़ -- a wag, derider, one who holds others to ridicule.
खिल्ली उड़ाना -- to make fun/gameof, to poke fun at, to deride, to ridicule.
  • खिसकना khisaḳnā: -- (v) to move slowly; to move farther, to slip away.
  • खिसिया/ना khisiya:nā: -- (v) to feel piqued/disparaged/embarrassed; tobe in an impotent rage.
खिसियानी बिल्ली खंभा नोचे -- a thrashed army resorts to rampage.
  • खिसियाहट khisiya:haṭ -- (nf) a sense or feeling of pique; impotent rage.
  • खींचना khī:chnā: -- (v) to pull; to pull one's leg; to draw; to tighten; toexpand; to extract; to attract; todrag.
खींच-तान -- tussel; tugging; twisting (e.g. meaning of a wordor statement).
खींचा-तानी -- manipulation, tussel and tugging; twisting and distorting, far-fetching.
  • खीझ खीज khi:jh khi:j -- (nf) grouch, vexation, fret.
  • खीझजना khi:jh jnā: -- (v) to grouch to fret, to be irritated/vexed.
  • खीर khi:r -- (nf) a sweetened preparation of rice and milk boiled together; a typical sweet Indian dish.
  • खीरा khi:ra: -- (nm) a cucumber.
  • खील khi:l -- (nm) parched paddy.
खील खील होना -- to be shattered (to pieces); to split up.
  • खी/स khi:s -- (nf) grinning.
खीसें काढ़ना/निकालना/निपोरना -- to wear agrin; to sing.
  • खुंदक khundak -- (nf) a feeling of rancour/ill-will; offence.
खुंदक खाना -- totake offence; to nurse a feeling ofill-will/rancour.
  • खुंभी khumbhi: -- (nf) mushroom.
  • खुजलाना khujla:nā: -- (v) to experience an itching sensation, to itch; toscratch.
  • खुजलाहट khujla:haṭ -- (nf) itch; itchiness, itching sensation.
  • खुजली khujli: -- (nf) itch, itchiness, itching sensation; scabbies.
  • खुजाना khuja:nā: -- (v) to itch; to scratch.
  • खुटकना -- (nf) severance of mutual cordial terms (amongstchildren); cutting off the bond offriendship.
खुटकना करना -- to severe speaking terms, abandon friendly relation.
  • खुड्डी khuḍḍi: -- (nf) an improvised structure (of bricks etc.) to sit onfor the discharge of faeces; hollowspace or the foot-rest improvisedfor the purpose; hollow betweentwo teeth.
  • ख़ुद ḳḥud -- (pro) self; (adv.) of one's own accord, voluntarily.
ख़ुदइख़्तियार -- independent.
ख़ुदइख़्तियारी -- independence.
ख़ुदकाश्त -- direct cultivation.
ख़ुदकुशी -- suicide.
ख़ुदपरस्त -- self-centred, self-aggrandising.
ख़ुदपरस्ती -- self-aggrandisement.
ख़ुद ब-ख़ुद -- on one'sown, self, by itself.
ख़ुदमुख़्तार -- autonomous.
ख़ुदमुख़्तारी -- autonomy.
  • ख़ुदग़र/ज़ ḳḥudgaraz -- (a) selfish, self-seeking.
ख़ुदग़रज़ी -- selfishness, self-seeking temperament.
  • खुदरा khudra: -- (a) retail (goods); small coins.
  • ख़ुदा ḳḥuda: -- (nm) God; the Lord.
ख़ुदाई -- Providence; Godhood; Creation.
ख़ुदापरस्त -- devout, God-worshipping.
ख़ुदापरस्ती -- devoutness.
ख़ुदावंद, ख़ुदावंदा -- God Almighty; OLord, O Master.
ख़ुदा का ग़ज़ब -- Divinewrath.
ख़ुदा की मार -- Divine vangeance.
ख़ुदा की राह में -- in the name of God.
ख़ुदा कोप्यारा होना -- to kick the bucket toexpire.
ख़ुदा ख़ुदा करके -- at longlast, with immense difficulty.
ख़ुदा खैर करे ! -- May God secure !.
ख़ुदा गंजे कोनाख़ून नहीं देता -- those who woulddestroy, find themselves disarmed.
ख़ुदा न करे! -- God forbid!.
ख़ुदाया -- OhGod.
ख़ुदा हाफ़िज़! -- good-bye ! adieu; so long!.
  • ख़ुदाई khuda:i: -- (nf) engraving.
  • ख़ुदी ḳḥudi: -- (nf) ego, vanity.
  • ख़ुद्दा/र ḳḥudda:r -- (a) self-respecting.
ख़ुद्दारी -- self-respect.
  • ख़ुनकी ḳḥunki -- (nf) a touch of cold, slight cold.
  • खुन/स khuna:s -- (nf) rancour, spite.
खुनसी -- rancorous, spiteful.
  • ख़ुफ़िया ḳḥufiya: -- (a) detective, secret; (nm) a detective spy.
ख़ुफ़िया पुलिस -- secret police.
  • ख़ुबामानी ḳḥubma:nī: -- (nf) an apricot.
  • ख़ुमा/र ḳḥuma:r -- (nm) hang-over (of a drink); slight intoxication; drowsiness (resulting from inadequatesleep etc.); also ख़ुमारी (nf).
ख़ुमार उतरना -- hang-over to be on the decline.
  • खुरंट khuraṉṭ -- (nm) scale, dry incrustation formed over a healing wound.
खुरंट पड़ना -- a scale to be formed, drying up of a wound.
  • खुर khur -- (nm) hoof.
  • खुरचन khurchan -- (nf) scrape, scrapings; a kind of sweetened milk-product.
  • खुरचना khurachnā: -- (v) to scrape, to erase.
  • खुरजी khurji: -- (nf) a long double haversack.
  • खुरदरा khurdara: -- (a) rough, coarse; scabrous; hence खुरदरापन (nm).
  • खुरपा khurpa: -- (nm) a big scraping instrument.
  • खुरपी khurpi: -- (nf) a kind of small scraping instrument.
  • ख़ुरमा ḳḥurma: -- (nm) a date-fruit; a kind of sweetmeat.
  • ख़ुराक ḳḥura:q -- (nf) dose; diet; nutritive diet; ration.
  • ख़ुराफ़ा/त ḳḥurā:fa:t -- (nf) smut, indecent act or smutty speech; mischief; disgraceful deed.
ख़ुराफ़ाती -- mischievous; evildoer; one who indulges in smutty talk.
  • ख़ुर्द ḳḥurd -- (a) mirco ख़ुर्द ; small (in size, extent, etc.).
  • ख़ुर्दबीन ḳḥurdbi:n -- (nf) a microscope.
  • खुर्रांट khurrā:ṭ -- (a) cunning, clever.
  • खुलना khulnā: -- (v) to be untied; to be uncovered; to be unravelled, to beexposed; to be unfolded (as भेद); to be dispersed (as बादल); to belaid aside (as पाबंदी etc.); to start(as गाड़ी etc.); to be set up (as दुकान etc.); to be restored (as भूख खुलना); to become favourable(as भाग्य खुलना); to acquire fullnessor depth (as रंग खुलना).
खुलकर -- openly, frankly.
खुलकर खेलना -- toindulge in misdeeds openly.
खुलतारंग -- light appealing colour.
  • खुला khula: -- (a) open; lose; untied; uncovered; exposed; unrestricted; frank, hearty; spacious; fair (as मौसम); overt.
खुला हाथ -- bounteous, spending profusely/liberally.
खुला हुआ -- exposed; open.
खुली छूट देना -- to givea free hand.
खुली तबियत -- hearty.
खुली मुट्ठी होना -- to be open-handed, to be generous.
खुलेआम/ख़ज़ाने/बाज़ार/मैदान -- openly, publicly; unhesitatingly.
खुले दरवाज़े नशर्माना -- open door invites a saint.
खुले दिल का -- open-hearted, hearty.
खुले दिल से -- heartily, liberally.
  • खुलाव khula:v -- (nm) exposure; expanse; openness.
  • ख़ुलासा ḳḥula:sa: -- (nm) summary, gist; abstract; essence; (a) clear, brief.
  • खुल्लमखुल्ला khullām:khulla: -- (adv) publicly, openly, unreservedly.
  • ख़ुश ḳḥush -- (a) happy, pleased; good.
ख़ुशख़त -- good hand-writing; onewho possesses a good handwriting.
ख़ुशगप्पी -- (exchange of) pleasantries, pleasant chat.
ख़ुशगवार -- pleasant.
ख़ुशज़ायका -- tasty; delicious.
ख़ुशदिल -- jovial, merṛy, cheerful.
  • ख़ुशकिस्म/त ḳḥushkismat -- (a) fortunate; lucky.
ख़ुशकिस्मती -- good fortune, good luck.
  • ख़ुशख़बरी ḳḥushḳḥabri: -- (nf) good news.
  • ख़ुशनसी/ब ḳḥushnasi:b -- (a) fortunate, lucky.
ख़ुशनसीबी -- good fortune, goodluck.
  • ख़ुशबू ḳḥushbu: -- (nf) fragrance, aroma; perfume, scent.
ख़ुशबूदार -- fragrant, aromatic, perfumed, scented.
  • ख़ुशमिज़ाज ḳḥushmiza:j -- (a) cheerful, gay, good-tempered; hence ख़ुशमिज़ाजमिज़ाजी (nf).
  • खुशहा/ल ḳḥushha:l -- (a) prosperous. well-to-do, flourishing.
खुशहाली -- prosperity, well-being.
  • ख़ुशाम/द ḳḥusha:mad -- (nf) flattery.
ख़ुशामदी -- flattering; (nm) a flatterer, sycophant.
ख़ुशामदी टट्टू -- a professionalflatterer/sycophant.
  • ख़ुशी ḳḥushi: -- (nf) joy, delight, happiness.
ख़ुशियाँ -- rejoicing, gaiety.
ख़ुशी का सौदा -- a matter of choice, a matter of free will.
ख़ुशी ख़ुशी -- happily, cheerfully.
ख़ुशी-से नाच उठना/ख़ुशी-से पाँवज़मीन पर न पड़ना -- to tread on air; to dance with joy, to be over-whelmed with joy.
ख़ुशी से फूल उठना/ख़ुशी से फूले न समाना -- to exult, to bein exultation, to tread on air.
  • ख़ुश्क ḳḥushk -- (a) dry; withered.
  • ख़ुश्की ḳḥushki: -- (nf) dryness; drought; (dry) land; dandruff.
ख़ुश्की की राह/से -- by land.
  • खुसुर-फुसुर khusur-phusur -- (nf) whispering; (adv) in whispers, in very low tones.
  • ख़ुसूसियत ḳḥusu:siyat -- (nf) plural form of ख़ासियत (see).
  • ख़ूँख़्वा/र ḳḥū:ḳḥa:r -- (a) ferocious, murderous; hence ख़ूँख़्वारी (nf).
  • खूँट khū:ṭ -- (nm) a corner; corner-stone; direction.
  • खूँटा khū:ṭa: -- (nm) a stake; peg.
खूँटा गाड़ना -- to establish oneself; to fix one's tether.
ख़ूँटे के बल कूदना/खूँटा केबल बंदर नाचे -- to venture beyondone's tether on extraneousstrength.
  • खूँटी khū:ṭi: -- (nf) a small peg; spike; stump (of a tree, etc.); root of thehair; ear of a stringed musicalinstrument.
  • खूँदना khū:dnā: -- (v) to trample (over).
  • ख़ूँरेज़ी ḳḥū:rezi: -- (nf) bloodshed.
  • ख़ून ḳḥu:n -- (nm) blood; murder.
ख़ून-खच्चर/ख़राबा -- bloodshed; massacre.
ख़ून उतरना, आँखों में -- to be filled withfury.
ख़ून उबलना/खौलना -- the blood toboil, to be in a bloody rage.
ख़ून करना -- to murder, to kill; to squanderlavishly.
ख़ून का जोश -- blood-affection.
ख़ून का दौरा -- blood-circulation.
ख़ून काप्यासा -- blood-thirsty, sworn enemy.
ख़ून का बदला -- blood for blood, revenge for blood.
ख़ून की नदी बहाना -- toshed a stream of blood.
ख़ून की होली -- a carnival of bloodshed.
ख़ून के आँसूबहाना/रोना -- to be in a terriblethroe.
ख़ून के घूँट पीना -- to suppressone's fury.
ख़ून खौलना -- the blood toboil, to be in a bloody rage.
ख़ून गर्दन पर होना -- to be blood-guilty/blood-stained.
ख़ून चूसना -- to suck theblood of; to exploit.
ख़ून जमना -- one'sblood to freeze.
ख़ून ठंडा होना -- theblood to freeze; to be lost to thesense of self-respect; to be bereftof passion.
ख़ून पसीना एक करना -- to toilin the sweat of one's brow.
ख़ून पसीनेकी कमाई -- hard-earned money.
ख़ून पानी होना -- to lose all sense of self-respect.
ख़ून पीना -- to cause non-stop.
  • ख़ूनी ḳḥu:nī: -- (nm) a murderer, an assassin; (a) blood-thirsty, ferocious; involving bloodshed.
  • ख़ूब ḳḥu:b -- (a) very much, in plenty/abundance; good, beautiful; (adv) very (as ख़ूब अच्छा); (inter) excellent!very good !.
  • ख़ूबसूरत ḳḥu:bsu:rat -- (a) beautiful, pretty; handsome; comely.
  • ख़ूबसूरती ḳḥu:bsu:rti: -- (nf) beauty, prettiness; handsomeness.
  • ख़ूबी ḳḥu:bi: -- (nf) merit; characteristic quality; speciality.
  • खूसट khu:saṭ -- (a) decrepit, haggard.
  • खेड़ा kheṛa: -- (nm) a hamlet, small village.
  • ख़ेत khet -- (nm) a field, farm.
ख़ेत-आना -- see ख़ेत खेत रहना.
ख़ेत पर चढ़े किसानी -- itis the harvest that proves the farmer.
ख़ेत बदना -- to fix a bout, to have itout.
ख़ेत रहना -- to be killed in action, to bite the dust.
  • खेतिहर khetihar -- (nm) a farmer, cultivator.
  • खेती kheti: -- (nf) farming, cultivation; agriculture.
खेती बारी(ड़ी) -- agriculture, agricultural undertaking.
  • खेद khed -- (nm) regret; sorrow.
खेदजनक -- regrettable.
खेदप्रकाश -- apology, expression of regret.
  • खेना khenā: -- (v) to row.
  • खेप khep -- (nf) a trip; quantity or number transported in one lot.
  • खेमा ḳḥemā: -- (nm) a tent, camp.
खेमा डालना -- to encamp.
खेमे में होना, किसी के -- to be in the camp of.
  • खेल khel -- (nm) play, game, sport; show.
खेल-कूद -- sports; fun and frolic.
खेल करना -- to frolic.
खेल के दिन -- age ofmerriment; boyhood.
खेल खिलाना -- togive a long rope.
खेल ख़त्म होना -- the game to be up.
खेल खेलना -- tomake a crafty move.
खेल खेल में -- in atrice, without any effort.
खेल बनाना -- tohave a business accomplished.
खेल , बना बनाया -- near-accomplished job.
खेल बिगड़ना -- a person's apple-cart tobe upset; to have a game or business spoilt.
खेल बिगाड़ना -- to upset aperson's apple-cart.
खेल समझना -- toconsider damn easy; to lookthrough one's game.
  • खेलना khelnā: -- (v) to play; to stage (e.g. नाटक).
खेलना खाना -- to eat, drinkand be merry.
खेलने-खाने के दिन -- theage to eat, drink and be merry.
खेला-खाया -- well-versed in the waysof life.
खेली-खाई -- having diverseexperiences of life; well-up insexual experiences.
  • खेवट khevaṭ -- (nm) the register of mutations, land-record of shares; a rower, boatman.
  • खेवनहार khevanha:r -- (nm) a rower, boatman.
  • खेवा kheva: -- (nm) ferry-toll; ferry-trip.
  • खेवाई kheva:i: -- (nf) ferry-toll; ferrying.
खेवाई भी देना और बह भी जाना -- to foot the bill and get nil.
  • खेस khes -- (nm) a thick cotton sheet.
  • खेह kheh -- (nf) ash, dirt and dust.
खेह खाना -- to be in a miserable plight; to knock about from pole to post.
  • खैर khair -- (nm) catechu.
  • खैर ḳḥair -- (nf) well-being; welfare; (ind) well, all-right.
खैरख़्वाह -- awell-wisher; well-wishing.
खैरख़्वाही -- well-wishing, benevolence.
खैरसल्ला -- does not matter (e.g. काम हो जायेतो ठीक नही तो ख़ैरसल्ला).
  • ख़ैरात ḳḥaira:t -- (nf) charity, alms.
ख़ैरातखाना -- alms-house.
ख़ैराती -- charitable.
ख़ैराती अस्पताल/दवाख़ाना -- charitablehospital/dispensary.
  • खैरियत ḳḥairiyat -- (nf) welfare; safety.
  • खोंचा khoṇcha: -- (nm) see खोमचा.
  • खोंसना khōsnā: -- (v) to tuck in; to insert; to thrust (into).
  • खोखला khokhla: -- (a) hollow.
खोखलापन -- hollowness.
  • खोखा khokha: -- (nm) a stall, kiosk.
  • खोज khoj -- (nf) search, quest, investigation; discovery; exploration.
खोज ख़बर लेना -- to enquire about one's welfare.
खोज मिटाना -- to wipe out alltraces (of); to efface the foot-prints (of).
  • खोजना khojnā: -- (v) to seek, to search; to explore; to investigate; to discover.
  • ख़ोजा ḳḥoja: -- (nm) a eunuch (esp. one employed to be in attendancein a royal harem); a tradingMuslim community.
  • खोट khoṭ -- (nf) a defect, flaw, blemish; alloy.
  • खोटा khoṭa: -- (a) defective, faulty; false, counterfeit; spurious; adulterated, malicious.
खोटा-खरा -- good andbad; inferior and superior; genuineand spurious.
खोटा माल -- inferiorgoods.
खोटा सिक्का -- a counterfeit coin.
खोटा चलाना -- to chant horses.
खोटी-खरीसुनाना -- to heap reproaches on, tochide.
  • ख़ोदना khodnā: -- (v) to dig; to engrave; to excavate.
खोद-खोदकर पूछना -- to make a searching enquiry.
  • खोना khonā: -- (v) to lose; to squander.
खो जाना -- to be lost (lit. as well as fig.—e.g. lost in thinking etc.).
खोया-खोया रहना या खोया-खोया-सारहना -- to be in the dumps, to looklost, to be absent-minded.
  • खोपड़ा khopṛa: -- (nm) the skull; a cocoanut kernel.
खोपड़ा खोलना -- to break the skull open.
  • खोपड़ी khopṛi: -- (nf) the skull.
खोपड़ी खुजलाना -- to be bent on getting a thrashing.
खोपड़ी चाटना -- see भेजा खाना/चाटना.
खोपड़ी पर सवार होना -- to hang on.
खोपड़ी फोड़ना -- to break the skull (of).
खोपड़ी रँगना/लाल करना -- to strikeone's skull, to cause blood toooze; to break one's skull.
  • खोमचा ḳḥōmcha: -- (nm) a vendor's or pedlar's selling basket.
  • खोया khoya: -- (nm) a typical milk-product thickened and dehydrated by boiling; (v) past participle ofthe verb 'खोना'.
  • खोल khol -- (nm) a cover; sheath; shell (casting); holster.
  • खोलना kholnā: -- (v) to open; to unfold; to untie; to detach; to unravel; to unroll; to unfasten.
खोलकर -- frankly, without mincing words.
  • खोसना khosnā: -- (v) to snatch.
  • खोह khoh -- (nf) a cave, cavern; an abyss.
  • ख़ौफ़ ḳḥauf -- (nm) fear, dread.
ख़ौफ़ज़दा -- terrorized, scared, fear-stricken.
ख़ौफ़नाक -- dreadful, terrible.
ख़ौफ़ खाना -- to be scared of, to fear.
  • खौलना khaulnā: -- (v) to boil: to effervesce.
  • ख्यात khya:t -- (a) reputed, celebrated, famous; historical.
ख्यातगर्हित -- notorious; infamous.
  • ख्याति khya:ti -- (nf) fame, reputation.
  • ख़्याल ḳḥya:l -- (nm) an idea, thought; view; opinion; one of the principalforms of modern Hindustani classical vocal music.
ख़्याल में न लाना -- notto take into account.
ख़्याल में समाना -- tobe ever present in memory.
ख़्याल रखना -- to attend to, to look after.
ख़्याल से उतरना -- to slip out of memory/mind; toforget; to become indifferent (to).
  • ख़्याली ḳḥya:li: -- (a) imaginary, fancied; assumed.
ख़्याली पुलाव पकाना -- to build castles in the air, to indulgein absurd fancies.
  • ख़्रीष्ट khri:shṭ -- (nm) (Jesus) Christ.
  • ख़्रीष्टाब्द khri:shṭa:bd -- (nm) the Christian era.
  • ख़्रीष्टीय khri:shṭi:y -- (a) Christian, pertaining to Christ.
  • ख़्वा/ब ḳḥa:b -- (nm) a dream.
ख़्वाबी -- pertaining to or existing in dreams; imaginary.
ख़्वाबों की -- or ख़्वाबी दुनियाworld of dreams, imaginary world.
  • ख़्वारी ḳḥwa:ri: -- (nf) insult; embarassment.
  • ख़्वाहमख़्वाह ḳḥā:mḳḥā -- (ind.) uselessly, for no rhyme or reason, without any purpose.
  • ख़्वाहिश ḳḥa:hish -- (nf) wish, strong desire.
ख़्वाहिशमंद -- desirous, solicitous.
  • ग ga -- —the third consonant and the third member of the first pentad (i.e.कवर्ग) of the Devna:gri: alphabet; a Sanskirt suffix denoting a mover (as खग).
  • गंगा gaṅga: -- (nm) the Ganges (considered to be the most sacred river by the Hindus).
गंगा जमुनी -- made upof two colours or two metals (likegold and silver).
गंगाजल -- sacredwater of the Ganges.
गंगाजली -- ametal goblet to preserve the holywater of the Ganges.
गंगाजली उठाना -- toswear by the water of the Ganges.
गंगा नहाना -- to accomplish a difficulttask; to achieve a destination.
  • गंज gaṇj -- (nf) baldness; (nm) a market place.
  • गंजफ़ा gaṇjfa: -- (nm) see गंजीफ़ा.
  • गंजा gaṇja: -- (a) bald, baldheaded; hence गंजापन (nm).
  • गंजी gaṇji: -- (nf) a male under-garment for the upper part.
  • गंजीफ़ा gaṇji:fa: -- (nm) a pack or game of cards.
  • गँजेड़ी gājeṛi: -- (a) a gā:ja:गँजेड़ी- addict.
  • गँठ gāṭḥ -- an allomorph of गाँठ used as the first member of anumber of compound words.
गँठकटा -- a pickpocket.
गँठजोड़ -- alliance; line-up.
गँठबंधन -- wedding; intimate relationship, alliance.
  • गँड़त/रा gāṛtara: -- (nm).
गँड़तरी -- (nf) a thick baby diaper.
  • गंडा gāṉḍa: -- (nm) a knotted black string (tied round the neck as acharm); a coloured ring on theneck of certain birds like parrot.
गंडा तावीज -- conjuring.
गंडा करना -- securing against evil spirits or charms.
  • गँड़ाडासा gāṛa:da:sa: -- (nm) a chopper (with a broad blade).
  • गँडेरी gāḍeri: -- (nf) a small horizontally cut segment/piece of a peeled sugarcane.
  • गंतव्य gāntavvy -- (nm) the destination.
  • गंद gānd -- (nf) filth; morbidity.
  • गंदगी gāndgi: -- (nf) dirtiness, filthiness, filth; morbidity.
  • गँदला gādla: -- (a) muddy (as water).
  • गंदा gānda: -- (a) dirty, filthy; morbid.
  • गंदु/म gāndum -- (nm) wheat.
गंदुमी -- wheatish (colour).
  • गंध gandh -- (nf) smell, odour.
गंधवह/गंधवाह -- air.
गंधहर -- deodorant.
गंधहीन -- odourless.
गंधयुक्त -- odoriferous/odorous.
  • गंध/क gandhak -- (nm) sulphur.
गंधक का तेज़ाब/गंधकाम्ल -- sulphuric acid.
गंधकी -- sulphury, sulphurous.
  • गंधर्व gandharv -- (nm) mythological community of celestial musicians; a caste of singers.
गंधर्व-विद्या -- music.
गंधर्व विवाह -- one of the eight recognized types of marriages prescribedby the Hindu law-giver मनु, entailing mutual pledge between thelover and the beloved in thepresence of respectable people.
  • गंधी gāndhi: -- (nm) a perfumer, perfume-manufacturer.
  • गंभीर gambhi:r -- (a) serious, grave; sober; grim; reserved; deep; profound.
  • गंभीरता gambhi:rta: -- (nf) seriousness; gravity; sobriety; reservedness; depth; profundity.
  • गँवाऊ gāva:u: -- (a) squandering, wasteful.
  • गँवा/ना gāva:nā: -- (v) to lose; to waste; to squander.
गँवा बैठना -- to letslip through one's fingers, tosuffer a (total) loss.
  • गँवार gāva:r -- (a) uncivilised; rustic, stupid.
गँवारपन/गँवारपना -- uncivilisedmanners; rusticity; rudeness; stupidity; vulgarity.
गँवार को अतर सुँघाना -- pearls before the swine.
गँवार गन्ना न दे भेली दे -- penny wise pound foolish, to give away the finished productin a bid to save the raw material.
  • गँवारू gāva:ru: -- (a) rustic; rude; vulgar; slang (language, etc.).
  • गऊ gau: -- (nf) a cow; (a) meek, gentle.
  • गगन gagan -- (nm) the sky, firmament.
गगनचर -- sky-going; moving in thesky, a bird.
गगनचुंबी/स्पर्शी -- sky-high, skyscraping.
  • गगरी gagri: -- (nf) a small earthen pot.
  • गच gach -- (nf) mortar, plaster, stucco; heaviness (in the stomach).
गचकारी -- stucco.
गच बैठना -- the stomach to beheavy and constipative.
  • गच्चा gachcha: -- (nm) a pitfall; hazard.
गच्चा खाना -- to be hoodwinked/defrauded; to be subjected to a pit-fall.
गच्चा देना -- or गच्चे में डालना todeceive, to hoodwink, to defraud.
  • गज gaj -- (nm) an elephant.
गजगति -- a graceful carefree gait (like that ofan elephant).
गजगामिनी -- (a woman) blessed with a graceful carefreegait (like that of an elephant).
गज-निमीलिका -- looking through one'sfingers, connivance; feigned ignorance.
गजस्नान -- unavailing activity.
  • गज़ gaz -- (nm) a yard; yardstick.
  • गज़क gazak -- (nm) a sweetmeat prepared from sesame seed and sugar.
  • गज़ट gazaṭ -- (nm) a gazette.
  • ग़ज़ब g̣azab -- (nf) a calamity; fury, wrath; tyranny, outrage.
ग़ज़ब का -- extremely amazing, wonderful.
ग़ज़ब , ख़ुदा का -- divine wrath/fury.
ग़ज़ब टूटना -- to be shattered by a calamity, tobe in deep distress.
ग़ज़ब ढाना -- to commit an outrage/atrocity, to be outrageous/atrocious.
ग़ज़बनाक -- amazing, wonderful.
  • गजर gajar -- (nm) the chimes (generally.
  • गजरा gajra: -- (nm) a thick flower-garland; bracelet.
  • ग़ज़ल g̣azal -- (nf) a popular poetic form of Urdu.
ग़ज़लगो -- a composedof gazals; hence ग़ज़लगोई (nf).
  • गज़ेटियर g̣azeṭiar -- (nm) a gazetteer.
  • गट gaṭ -- (nf) the sound produced while swallowing or gulping aliquid.
गटगट -- same as गट; quikly, allat once.
गट-से -- quickly, all at once.
  • गटकना gaṭaknā: -- (v) to swallow, to gulp.
  • गटागट gaṭa:gaṭ -- adv.) see गटगट.
  • गटापारचा gaṭa:pa:rcha: -- (nm) guttapercha.
  • गट्टा gaṭṭa: -- (nm) plug; sprag; wrist-joint; ankle; a joint or knot.
  • गट्ठर gaṭṭḥar -- (nm) a large bundle, bale; package.
  • गट्ठा gaṭṭḥa: -- (nm) a bundle, package; bulb (of onion or garlic etc.).
  • गठजोड़ gaṭḥjoṛ -- (nm) see गँठ (गठजोड़जोड़).
  • गठज़ gaṭḥan -- (nf) build, structure, construction; composition.
  • गठना gaṭḥnā: -- (v) to be tied/closed together; to be compact in texture; to be intimate.
गठा बदन -- well-built/muscular body.
  • गठबंधन gaṭḥbandhan -- nm) see गँठ (गठबंधनबंधन).
  • गठरी gaṭḥri: -- (nf) a bundle, package.
  • गठिया gaṭḥiya: -- (nf) gout, rheumatism.
  • गठीला gaṭḥi:la: -- (a) compact; well-built; muscular (body); knotty; nodose.
गठीलापन -- knottiness, compactness; nodosity.
  • गड़गड़ाना gaṛgaṛa:nā: -- (v) to gurgle; to rumble, to produce a thunderingsound.
  • गड़गड़ाहट gaṛgaṛa:haṭ -- (nf) gurgling, rumbling or thundering sound.
  • गड़ना gaṛnā: -- (v) to be buried; to penetrate; to be fixed, to stick into; to be pierced.
गड़ जाना, शर्म से -- to bethoroughly ashamed.
गड़ा धन -- buried/underground treasure.
गड़े मुर्देउख़ाड़ना -- to dig up things buried deep, to rake up the long lost past.
  • गड़प gaṛap -- (nf) a plashing sound; swallowing.
गड़प करना -- to swallow.
गड़प से -- all at once; with a splashing sound.
गड़प होना -- to be drowned, to be swallowed by the waves.
  • गड़पना gaṛapnā: -- (v) to swallow; to usurp.
  • गड़बड़ gaṛbaṛ -- (nf) muddle, mess; confusion, disorder, disquiet.
गड़बड़झाला -- a pretty kettle of fish, medley, confusion, disorder.
  • गड़बड़ाना gaṛbaṛa:nā: -- (v) to be confused/confounded; to be spoilt; to confuse, to spoil; to stumble.
  • गड़बड़ी gaṛbaṛi: -- (nf) see गड़बड़.
  • गडमड gaḍmaḍ -- (nf) confusion, medley; jumble, a jumbled mass; scramble.
  • गड़रिया gaṛariya: -- (nm) a shepherd.
  • गड़ारी gaṛa:ri: -- (nf) a pulley; spool, reel.
गड़ारीदार -- having circlets or rings.
  • गड्ड gaḍḍ -- (nm) a heap, mass; medley.
गड्डमड्ड -- see गडमड.
  • गड्डी gaḍḍi: -- (nf) a pack; bundle.
  • गड्ढा gaḍḍḥa: -- (nm) a pit, ditch; hollow; loss.
गड्ढा खोदना -- to createpitfalls.
गड्ढा भरना -- to make up (theloss).
गड्ढे में गिरना -- to be in distress, to suffer a grievous loss.
  • गढ़ंत gaṛḥānt -- (a) imaginary, fancied; (nf) forging.
  • गढ़ gaṛḥ -- (nm) a fort, castle, citadel; stronghold.
गढ़पति -- a fort-commander.
गढ़ जोतना/तोड़ना -- to achieve aresounding victory, to accomplisha difficult job.
  • गढ़त gaṛḥat -- (nf) structure, figure and features, build; mould.
  • गढ़ना gaṛḥnā: -- (v) to forge; to fabricate; to mould, to form, to fashion; to carve (as a statue).
  • गढ़ा gaṛḥa: -- (nm) see गड्ढा.
  • गढ़ाई gaṛḥa:i: -- (nf) moulding, fashioning; malleating; dressing; malleating/dressing charges.
  • गढ़ी gaṛḥi: -- (nf) a keep, fortress.
  • गण gāṉ -- (nm) a community, union, group; a body (signifiying collectivity, as सदस्यगण); an attendant, agent; totem.
गणपति -- chief of a गण( community); see गणेश.
  • गणक gāṉak -- (nm) a scorer, reckoner.
  • गण-चिन्ह gāṉchinh -- (nm) a totem.
  • गणतंत्र gāṉtāntr -- (nm) a Republic; republican system of government.
गणतंत्र दिवस -- republic day.
  • गणतंत्रात्मक gāṉtāntra:tmak -- (a) republican; pertaining or belonging to गणतंत्र.
  • गणतंत्रीय gāṉta:ntri:y -- (a) Republican, pertaining or belonging to गणतंन्त्र.
  • गणतांत्रिक gāṉta:ntrik -- (a) republican; pertaining or belonging to गणतंत्र.
  • गणना gāṉnā: -- (nf) counting; calculation, reckoning.
गणनाकार -- an enumerator, a reckoner.
  • गणनीय gāṉanī:y -- (a) worth reckoning/counting.
  • गणपूर्ति gāṉpu:rti -- (nf) quorum.
  • गणराज्य gāṉra:jjy -- (nm) a republic, republican state.
  • गणिका gāṉika: -- (nf) a prostitute, harlot.
  • गणित gāṉit -- (nm) Mathematics.
गणितज्ञ -- a mathematician.
गणित विद्या -- mathematical science.
गणितीय -- mathematical.
गणितीय सांख्यिकी -- mathematical Statistics.
  • गणेश gāṉesh -- (nm) a popular Hindu deity believed to be the god of wisdom symbolising auspiciousness.
  • गण्य gāṉṉy -- (a) see गणनीय.
गण्यमान्य -- distinguished, of outstanding merit.
  • गत gat -- (a) past, gone; dead; devoid of; pertaining to, in respect of; condition, plight; appearance; amusical time or measure; an air, atune.
गत का -- worthwhile, conforming to a standard.
गतकाल -- past.
गतप्राण -- dead; lifeless.
गतप्राय -- almostpast.
गत मास -- ultimo.
गत बजाना -- to playan air/a musical tune.
गत बनाना -- toreduce to a miserable plight; togive a thorough beating.
  • गतांक gata:ṅk -- (nm) the last issue (of a paper, magazine, etc.).
  • गतानुगत gata:nugat -- (nm) an adherent to a custom or tradition; unquestioning follower.
  • गतानुगतिक gata:nugatik -- (a) tradition-bound, traditional.
गतानुगतिकता -- traditionality, unquestioning adherence to tradition.
  • गति gati -- (nf) motion, movement; speed; state, condition, plight; shape, appearance; access, approach, pass; destiny, salvation.
गतिज -- kinetic.
गतिज ऊर्जा -- kinetic energy.
गतिबोधक -- kinesthetic.
गतिभंग -- beingout of tune/rhythm; ataxia.
गतिभ्रंश -- abasia.
गतिमात्रा -- momentum.
गतिमूलक -- kinetic.
गतिविज्ञान -- dynamics.
गतिविधि -- activity, goings; developments.
गतिविभ्रम -- ataxia.
गतिसंवेदना -- kinesthesis.
गतिशील -- dynamic.
गतिशीलता -- dynamism; kinesis; activity.
गतिहीन -- inert, inactive, static.
गतिहीनता -- inertness; inactivity, statism.
गति होना -- to have a go, to have knowledgeof, to have been initiated into.
  • गति/मान gatimā:n -- (a) active, dynamic, moving.
गतिमत्ता -- dynamism; activity.
  • गत्ता gatta: -- (nm) strawboard; card-board.
  • ग़दर g̣adar -- (nm) a rebellion, mutiny.
  • गतिशील gatishi:l -- (a) dynamic, active.
गतिशीलता -- dynamism, activity; kinesis.
  • गत्यात्मक gattya:tmāk -- (a) dynamic, pertaining to activity or movement; hence गत्यात्मकता (nf).
  • गदराना gadra:nā: -- (v) to be half-ripe; to attain the state of youthfulbloom.
  • गदहा gadaha: -- (nm) see गधा.
  • गदा gada: -- (nf) a club.
गदाधारी -- one who wields a गदा (club).
  • गदागद gada:gad -- (ind) in quick succession, one quickly after theother.
  • गदेला gadela: -- (nm) a thick cushion; pad.
  • गदेली gadeli: -- (nm) the palm (of the hand).
  • गद्गद gadgad -- (a) overwhelmed (by ecstatic emotion), in ecstasy.
गद्गदकंठ -- (emotionally) choked throat.
गद्गद-स्वर -- (emotionally) chocked voice.
  • गद्दर gaddar -- (a) half-ripe; hence गद्दरपन (nf).
  • गद्दा gadda: -- (nm) a bed-cushion; cushion; pack saddle.
  • गद्दा/र g̣adda:r -- (nm and a) (a) traitor; traitorous; treacherous.
गद्दारी -- traitorousness, treachery.
  • गद्दी gaddi: -- (nf) a cushion; throne; seat; pack-saddle; pad, lay.
गद्दीनशीन -- installed on the throne, coronated.
गद्दीनशीनी -- coronation.
गद्दी पर बैठना -- to ascend the throne, tobe enthroned.
गद्दी से उतारना -- to bedethroned/deposed.
  • गद्य gaddy -- (nm) prose.
गद्य काव्य -- prose-poetry.
गद्यात्मक -- prosaic.
  • ग़धा gadha: -- (nm) an ass, a donkey; a damn fool, stupid fellow.
ग़धापन -- folly, stupidity.
ग़धापन करना -- to makean ass of oneself; to commitfollies.
ग़धा पीटने से घोड़ा नहीं होता -- theEtheopian never changes his skin.
गधे को अंगूरी बाग -- honey is not fordonkey's mouth.
गधे को खिलाया, नपाप न पुण्य -- kindness is lost uponan ungrateful man.
गधे को बापबनाना -- flatter a fool for expediency.
गधे पर चढ़ाना -- to humiliate, toinsult.
गधे पर बस न चला कुभ्हारी केकान उमेठ दिये -- to bark up a wrong-tree.
गधे से हल चलवाना -- to causecomplete ruination (of); to razeto the ground.
  • ग़नीमत g̣ani:māt -- (nf) a redeeming feature, consoling factor.
  • गन्ना gannā: -- (nm) a sugarcane.
  • गप gap -- (nf) a gossip, hearsay.
गपशप -- gossip, tittle-tattle; chit-chat.
गप उड़ाना -- to rumour; to set afloat a rumour.
गप मारना -- to indulge in boastful gossip; to brag and boast.
  • गपकना gapaknā: -- (v) to swallow hastily, to gulp, to gobble; to catch (as a ball).
  • गपड़चौथ gapaṛchauth -- (nf) mess and medley, confusion and disorder, confoundedness.
  • गपागप gapa:gap -- (ind) (eating) hastily, quickly.
  • गपोड़ gapoṛ -- (nm) a gossiper; chatterer.
गपोड़बाज़ -- a gossiper, tall-talker.
गपोड़बाज़ी -- gossiping; chattering.
  • गप्प gapp -- (nf) see गप.
  • गप्पी gappi: -- (nm) a gossiper, chatterer; (a) boastful, indulging in gossips.
  • गफ़ g̣af -- (a) compact, dense, densely woven.
  • गफ़लत g̣aflat -- (nf) negligence, carelessness; swoon, unconscious state.
गफ़लतज़दा -- unconscious; negligent, careless.
गफ़लत की नींद -- deep/sound sleep, carefree sleep; caused by unconsciousness.
  • ग़बन g̣abān -- (nm) embezzlement.
ग़बन करना -- to embezzle.
  • गबरू gabru: -- (a) youthful, young.
  • गबरून gabrū:n -- (nf) a kind of coarse chequered cloth.
  • ग़म g̣am -- (nm) grief, woe; tolerance.
ग़मख़ोर -- tolerant, enduring.
ग़मख़ोरी -- tolerance, endurance.
ग़मगीन -- gloomy, full of sorrow.
ग़मज़दा -- grieved; sorrow-stricken, afflicted.
ग़मनाक -- sorrowful, woeful.
ग़म खाना -- to be tolerant, to endure.
ग़म ग़लत करना -- to comfort/solace oneself; to drown (one's) sorrows in an intoxicant.
  • गमक gamāk -- (nf) fragrance; a kind of musical ornamentation; the sound of a drum.
  • गमकना gamaknā: -- (v) to emit fragrance; to resound.
  • गमतख़ाना gamatḳḥa:nā: -- (nm) a bilge.
  • गमतरी gamtari: -- (nf) a bilge.
  • गमन gamān -- (nm) the act of going; locomotion; sexual intercourse.
  • गमनागमन gamna:gamān -- (nm) coming and going, traffic.
  • गमला gamla: -- (nm) a flower-pot.
  • ग़मी g̣amī: -- (nf) death; mourning, the period of mourning.
  • गम्य gammy -- (a) accessible, approachable, attainable; hence गम्यता (nf).
  • गम्या gammyā: -- (a) fit for coition; cohabitable (woman).
  • गया gaya: -- (v) went—past participle form of the verb 'जाना'.
गया गुज़रा बीता -- good for nothing, inferior, insignificant.
  • ग़रक़ g̣araq -- (a) immersed, submerged.
  • गरगज gargaj -- (nm) battlement.
  • गरचे garche -- though, even though.
  • गरज garaj -- (nf) thunder; roar; fulmination.
  • ग़रज़ g̣araz -- (nf) concern; interestedness, interested motive; need; (adv) in short, briefly speaking.
ग़रज़मंद -- needy; desirous (of); havingan interested motive (in).
ग़रज़मंदी -- interestedness, the state of beingneedy/concerned.
ग़रज़ का आशना -- a selfseeker.
ग़रज़ का बावला -- a slave to one'spurpose, purpose-server.
ग़रज़ बावली होती है -- a self-seeker has no moralcode.
गरजी यार किसके, दम लगाईखिसके -- the dinner over, away gothe guests.
ग़रज़े कि -- in brief, in anut-shell.
  • गरजना garajnā: -- (v) to thunder, to roar, to fulminate, to speak loudly.
  • गरदन gardān -- (nf) the neck.
गरदन उड़ाना/काटना -- to behead, to chop off one's head; to decollate, to cut thethroat; to put to tremendous harm.
गरदन झुकाना -- to yield; to be ashamed.
गरदन न उठाना -- not to utter a word inprotest; to endure everything.
गरदन नापना -- to catch hold of one'sneck; to insult.
गरदन नीची होना -- thehead to hang down through shame.
गरदन पकड़ना -- to catch hold of the neck, to hold by the neck; to insult.
गरदन पर छुरी चलाना/फेरना -- to submit(somebody) to grave injustice, tocut the throat (of).
गरदन पर जुआ रखना -- to assign a difficult job.
गरदन पर सवार होना -- to have complete sway; to subjugate (somebody), tokeep on pestering.
गरदन फँसना -- tobe embroiled in a mess; tobe involved in a difficulty, tobe in somebody's grip.
गरदन मरोड़ना -- to throttle; to twist or wring theneck (of).
गरदन मारना -- to behead.
गरदन मेंहाथ देना -- to hold by the neck, to humiliate.
  • गरदनियाँ gardanivā: -- (nf) a hold by the neck to push out.
गरदनियाँ देना -- to hold the neck for forcing out, to push by the neck.
  • गरदान gardā:n -- (nf) declension and conjugation.
  • गरम garām -- (a) hot; warm; burning.
  • गरमागरम garmā:garām -- (a) hot, heated; fresh (as news).
  • गरमागरमी garmā:garmī: -- (nf) excitement, heated exchange.
  • गरमाना garma:nā: -- (v) to warm up; to be excited, to fly into a rage.
  • गरमाहट garma:haṭ -- (nf) warmth, heat; also गर्माव.
  • गरमी garmī: -- (nf) heat, warmth; summer; passion; anger, violence; ardour; syphilis.
गरमी निकलना -- to berelieved of one's passion; to haveone's vanity struck out; to be knocked down.
  • गरांडील garā:ṉḍi:l -- (a) robust, huge and hefty, of imposing stature.
  • ग़रारा g̣ara:ra: -- (nm) gargle; loose female pyjamas.
  • गरारी gara:ri: -- (nf) a pulley.
  • गरिमा garimā: -- (nf) dignity, grace; gravity; hence गरिमामंडित, गरिमामय (a).
  • गरिष्ठ garishṭḥ -- (a) heavy (esp. food), indigestible; hence गरिष्ठता (nf).
  • ग़रीब g̣ari:b -- (a) poor; meek; humble.
ग़रीबख़ाना -- humble dwelling (i.e. myhumble home—said out of modesty).
ग़रीब ग़ुरबा -- the poor, the poverty-stricken (class).
ग़रीबनिवाज़ -- kind tothe poor, supporting the poor.
ग़रीबपरवर -- sustaining the poor, merciful to the poor; your exalted self !.
ग़रीब की जोरू सब की भाभी -- a poor beautyfinds more lovers than husbands.
ग़रीब की हाय -- a poor man's curses.
  • ग़रीबाना g̣ari:ba:nā: -- (a) befitting a poor man, in a humble/meekfashion.
  • ग़रीबी g̣ari:bi: -- (nf) poverty, penury.
  • गरूड़ garuṛ -- (nm) aquila, a large mythological eagle-like bird believed to be the vehicle of Lord Vishṉū.
  • ग़रूर g̣aru:r -- (nm) vanity, pride, haughtiness.
  • गरेबान garebā:n -- (nm) part of the garment resting on the fore-parof the neck.
गरेबान चाक करना -- to gocrazy, to tear one's collar topieces (out of craziness).
गरेबान में मुँहडालना -- to introspect, to have arealisation of one's sins/deeds.
  • गरेरी gareri: -- (nf) a pulley.
  • गर्जन garjān -- (nm) a roar, bellowing; thunderous sound; a loud rebuke.
गर्जन तर्जन -- a loud rebuke, fretting andfuming.
  • गर्जना garjanā: -- (nf) a roar, bellowing; thunderous sound.
  • गर्जित garjit -- (a) roared, roaring.
  • गर्त gart -- (nm) a pit; recess.
  • गर्तिका gartika: -- (nf) a fovea.
  • गर्द gard -- (nf) dirt, dust.
गर्दख़ोर -- dust-absorbing.
गर्द ग़ुबार -- dust and dirt.
गर्द बैठ जाना -- the dust to be settled.
  • गर्दन gardān -- (nf) the neck.
गर्दनतोड़ बुख़ार -- cerebrospinal fever.
  • गर्दभ gardabh -- (nm) see गधा.
  • गर्दिश gardish -- (nf) distress, trouble; vicissitudes (of fortune); circulation; revolution.
  • गर्भ garbh -- (nm) the womb; pregnancy; foetus; the interior.
गर्भ-कोश -- the womb.
गर्भक्षय -- abortion.
गर्भगृह -- naos.
गर्भ-धारण -- conception.
गर्भ-निरोधक -- acontraceptive.
गर्भपात -- miscarriage.
गर्भपातक -- abortifacient.
गर्भवती -- pregnant.
गर्भस्थ -- inside the womb.
गर्भस्राव -- abortion.
गर्भस्रावक -- abortifacient.
  • गर्भाधान garbha:dhā:n -- (nm) impregnation; insemination.
  • गर्भाशय garbha:shay -- (nm) the womb.
  • गर्भिणी garbhiṉī: -- (a) pregnant.
  • गर्भित garbhit -- (a) impregnated; involved (as a sentence).
  • गर्म garm -- (a) see गरम.
  • गर्मजोशी garmjoshi: -- (nf) warmth, cordiality.
गर्मजोशी से मिलना -- to greet withcordiality, to receive warmly.
  • गर्माना garma:nā: -- (v) see गरमाना.
  • गर्मी garmī: -- (nf) see गरमी.
  • गर्व garv -- (nm) pride; elation.
  • गर्वि/त garvit -- (a) elated; conceited, proud; hence गर्विता feminine form.
  • गर्वीला garvi:la: -- (a) see गर्वित.
  • गर्हणा garhaṉā: -- (nf) censure, reproach, condemnation.
  • गर्हणीय garhāṉi:y -- (a) censurable, condemnable.
  • गर्हित garhit -- (a) wicked, vile, contemptible.
  • गल gal -- an allomorph of 'गला' and 'गाल' used as the firstmember in compound words.
गलगंड -- a disease resulting in the inflammation of throat-glands.
गलबहियाँ -- embracement with armsthrown around each other's neck.
गलमुच्छ -- hooked moustache, longcurled whiskers.
गलसुआ -- a diseaseresulting in the inflammation ofjaw-gums and consequest fever.
  • गलगाजना galga:jnā: -- (v) to vociferate; to be ebulliently loud; to be noisily boastful.
  • गलतंस galtans -- (nm) childless deceased.
गलतंस हो जाना -- to have no descendant.
  • ग़लत g̣alat -- (a) wrong: incorrect, untrue; erroneous; improper.
ग़लत जगह पर -- in the wrong box; in an awkward position.
ग़लत मोहरे पर हाथ रखना -- to back the wrong horse.
  • ग़लतफ़हमी g̣alatfehmī: -- (nf) misunderstanding, misgiving.
  • ग़लतबयानी g̣alatbaya:nī: -- (nf) misstatement, false statement.
  • ग़लती g̣alati: -- (nf) mistake, error; fault.
ग़लती किससे नहीं होती -- Homer sometimes nods.
  • ग़लतुल-आम g̣alatul-a:m -- (nm) a wrong usage adopted in a language by virtue of its wide currency; also ग़लतुल-आमफ़हम.
  • गलना galnā: -- (v) to melt; to decay; to rot; to be boiled or cooked till softened; to be frost-bitten.
  • गला gala: -- (nm) neck; throat; gullet; voice; collar (of a garment); neckof a pot.
गलेबाज़ -- one gifted with asweet voice, one who exploitsone's vocal gifts (poet etc.).
गलेबाज़ी -- exploitation of one's vocalgifts; indulgence in vocal feats.
गला कटना -- to be beheaded; to suffer aheavy loss; to be deprived of one'sdue.
गला खुलना -- to re-attain normalcyof voice.
गला घोटना -- to throttle, tostrangle.
गला छुड़ाना -- to liberate orto be liberated; to (get) rid of.
गला तर करना -- to moisten the throat(by a few drops of cold water, etc.).
गला दबाना -- to throttle; to choke; to exercise undue pressure.
गला पकड़ना -- to catch hold by the neck; toharass, (some eatable) to produceirritation in the throat.
गला पड़ना/बैठना -- to develop a sore throat/hoarsevoice.
गला फँसना -- to get entangled orembroiled (in an untoward affair); to get into a mess.
गला फाड़ना -- tovociferate, to bellow.
गला भर आना -- tohave the throat choked throughemotion.
गला भर्राना -- see गला भर आना.
गला रूँधना -- see गला भर आना.
गला रेतना -- toslaughter; to torture to slowdeath.
गले तक डूबना -- to be submerged chin deep.
गला गले का हार -- extremely dear and intimate; one whoconstantly hangs upon, a constantcompanion.
गले के नीचे उतरना -- to be.
  • गलित galit -- (a) melted; decayed; over-ripened; oozing; worne out.
गलित कुष्ट -- oozing leprosy.
गलित यौवना -- awoman whose youth has decayed.
  • गलियारा galiya:ra: -- (nm) a gallery; corridor.
  • गली gali: -- (nf) a lane, alley, alley-ways.
गली कूचा -- lanes and bylanes.
  • ग़लीचा g̣ali:cha: -- (nm) a carpet.
  • ग़लीज़ g̣ali:z -- (a) dirty, filthy.
  • गल्प galp -- (nf) a tale; story.
  • ग़ल्ला g̣alla: -- (nm) grain, corn; a shopkeeper's sale proceeds forthe day the cash box; herd, flock.
  • गवरमेंट gavarmeṉṭ -- (nf) the government.
  • गवर्न/र gavarnar -- (nm) governor.
गवर्नरी -- the office or function of agovernor; gubernatorial.
  • गवाँना gavā:nā: -- (v) to lose; to waste; to suffer detriment.
  • गवाक्ष gava:ksh -- (nm) an oriel, spy-hole, bull's eye.
  • गवारा gava:ra: -- (a) agreeable, acceptable, tolerable.
गवारा करना -- to tolerate, to stand.
  • गवाह gava:h -- (nm) a witness; deponent.
  • गवाही gava:hi: -- (nf) evidence, testimony.
  • गवेषणा gaveshṉā: -- (nf) research, investigation.
  • गवैया gavaiya: -- (nm) a singer.
  • ग़श g̣ash -- (nm) swoon, fainting fit.
ग़श आना/खाना -- to faint, to swoon.
  • गश्त gasht -- (nf) patrol, beat.
गश्त लगाना -- to patrol.
  • गश्ती gashti: -- (a) patrol, patrolling; circular.
गश्ती चिट्ठी -- circular letter.
  • गस्सा gassa: -- (nm) a morsel.
  • गहकना geheknā: -- (v) to be exhilarated, to be buoyant.
  • महगड्ड gehgaḍḍ -- (a) very strong (intoxicating beverage, as भाँग).
  • गहगहाना gehgaha:nā: -- (v) to be exultant, to be buoyant.
  • गहन gahan -- (a) deep; intricate; impregnable; obscure; mysterious, dense; inaccesible.
गहनता -- depth; intricacy; impregnability; obscurity; mysteriousness; density; inaccessiblity.
  • गहना gehnā: -- (nm) ornament; (v) to catch.
गहने -- jewellery.
गहने रखना -- topawn, to mortgage.
  • गहमागहमी gehmā:gehmī: -- (nf) hustle and bustle, fanfare, intense activity.
  • गहरा gehra: -- (a) deep; profound; intimate, close (as गहरी देस्ती); bold(as गहरा रंग) secretive; grave (as गहरा संकट); sound (as गहरी नींद) intricate, unintelligible (as गहरी चाल); strong(as गहरी भाँग).
गहरा अ(ा)सामी -- a well-to-do guy; a rich prey.
गहरा पेट -- undivulging nature/disposition, secretivetemperament.
गहरा हाथ मारना -- to reapa rich harvest; to inflict a severestroke.
गहरी चाल चलना -- to play adeep game.
गहरी छनना -- to take astrong dose of bhā:g; to be.
  • गहराई gehra:i: -- (nf) depth; profundity.
गहराई नापना -- to sound; to fathom, to assess the depth.
  • गहराना gehra:nā: -- (v) to deepen; to become more dense; to be over-cast (with).
  • गहाई gaha:i: -- (nf) threshing.
  • गह्वर gahvar -- (nm) a recess; cave; chasm.
  • गाँजा gā:jā: -- (nm) the hemp plant or its leaves.
  • गाँठ gā:ṭḥ -- (nf) a knot; tie; node; knob; bale; bundle; joint; hardened or enlarged gland; bulb; complex; rancour.
गाँठकट -- a pick-pocket.
गाँठदार -- knotty.
गाँठ कटना -- to have one's pocket picked.
गाँठ कतरना/काटना -- to pick pocket.
गाँठ करना -- to pocket, to misappropriate.
गाँठ का -- belonging to oneself, being exclusively one's own.
गाँठ पूरा -- beforehand with the world, having a full purse.
गाँठ का पूरा आँखका अंधा -- having a full purse andan empty head, a nitwit with afat purse.
गाँठ खोलना -- to remove misunderstanding or prejudice; toopen one's purse.
गाँठ जोड़ना -- to tiethe nuptial knot; to splice.
गाँठ पड़ना -- to create bad blood, to harbourill feeling towards; to have estranged relation.
गाँठ बाँधना -- to make anote of, to keep in mind.
गाँठ से जाना -- to be lost, to suffer loss or detriment.
  • गाँठना gāṭḥanā: -- (v) to cobble; to stitch; to interlock; to bring (somebody) to one's side, to win over; to have complete sway.
  • गाँ/ड gā:ḍ -- (nf) the anus.
गाँडू -- catamite, passive partner in sodomy; timid, cowardly.
  • गांधर्व gā:ndharv -- (a) pertaining to or related with the gandharvcommunity or country.
  • गांधी gā:ndhi: -- (nm) the great Indian leader Mohanda:s KaramchandGa:ndhi:, father of the IndianNation, popularly so known because of his membership of theGujarati Vaishya communitycalled Ga:ndhi:).
गांधी टोपी -- a typicalkhaddar boat-shaped cap.
गांधी दर्शन -- the Gandhian philosophy.
गांधीवाद -- Gandhism.
गांधीवादी -- a Gandhite, afollower of Gandhian ideology; Gandhian.
  • गांभीर्य gā:mbhi:ry -- (nm) depth, profundity, gravity; solemnity.
  • गाँव gā:v -- (nm) a village.
  • गाँस gā:s -- (nf) a loop; an obstruction.
  • गाँसना gā:snā: -- (v) to chinse; to inter-twine.
  • गाँसी gā:si: -- (nf) an intertwined knot; the head of an arrow or anyother pointed weapon.
  • गाइड ga:iḍ -- (nm) a guide.
  • गाउन ga:ūn -- (nm) a gown.
  • गागर ga:gar -- (nf) an earthen pitcher.
गागर में सागर भरना -- to express too much in too few words, frugal inwords fathomless in meaning.
  • गाज ga:j -- (nf) a thunder-bolt, lightning.
गाज गिरना/पड़ना -- to be thunder-struck, to be afflicted by a calamity.
  • गाजर ga:jar -- (nf) carrot.
गाजर मूली -- petty things.
  • ग़ाज़ी g̣a:zi: -- (nm) a crusader (amongst the Muslims).
  • गाटर ga:ṭar -- (nm) a girder.
  • गाड़ना gaṛ:na: -- (v) to bury; to lay; to implant; to fix; to sink; to drive(as कीलगाड़ना-); to pitch (as तंबूगाड़ना-); tocover.
  • गाड़ी ga:ṛi: -- (nf) a cart, coach, cab; vehicle, carriage; train.
गाड़ीवान -- acart/coach-driver, cabman.
  • गा/ढ़ा ga:ṛha: -- (a) thick; dense; close as (गाढ़ी दोस्ती); deep; concentrated(as गा द्रव); strong (as गाढ़ी चाय); (nm) a thick coarse cloth.
गाढ़ा वक्त -- times of crisis, trying times.
गाढ़ी कमाई -- hard-earned money.
गाढ़ी छनना -- to be very thick; to take astrong intoxicant (as भाँग).
गाढ़े दिन -- times of crisis, difficult days.
गाढ़े पसीने की कमाई -- hard-earnedmoney गाढ़े करना to earn an honestpenny.
गाढ़े में -- in a crisis.
  • गात ga:t -- (nm) body, person.
  • गात्र ga:ttr -- (nm) body, person.
  • गाथा ga:tha: -- (nf) a tale; narrative; ballad.
गाथाकार -- author of a narrative tale.
  • गाद ga:d -- (nf) sediment, dregs, lees.
  • गाध ga:dh -- (a) shallow, fathomable.
  • गान gā:n -- (nm) a song; singing.
गान वाद्य -- music —vocal and instrumental.
गानविद्या -- music.
  • गाना gā:nā: -- (v) to sing, to chant; (nm) a song.
गाना बजाना -- singing andplaying of musical instruments; celebration, festivity.
  • ग़ाफ़िल g̣a:fil -- (a) negligent, unaware; unconscious.
  • गाभिन ga:bhin -- (a) pregnant (used for animals).
  • गाय ga:y -- (nf) a cow; (a) meek and humble, harmless.
गाय मरी खर कौनेकाम -- a day after the fair, to kissthe hare's foot.
  • गाय/क ga:yak -- (nm) a singer; musician; vocalist.
गायकी -- singing, vocal music; traditional style (in music).
गायक गाय-वृंद -- chorus.
  • गायन ga:yan -- (nm) singing; vocal music.
  • ग़ायब g̣a:yab -- (a) vanished, disappeared; lost.
ग़ायब करना -- to make off (with); to cause to disappear.
ग़ायब होना -- to disappear, to vanish.
  • ग़ार g̣:ar -- (nm) ditch, pit; cave.
  • ग़ारत g̣a:rat -- (a) devastated, destroyed.
  • गारद ga:rad -- (nf) a guard (of soldiers); watch.
गारद बिठाना -- to deploy a guard.
  • गारा ga:ra: -- (nm) mud, mortar.
  • गार्हस्थ्य ga:rhasthy -- (nm) the phase of the householder in life.
गार्हस्थ्य धर्म -- the duties enjoined upon a householder.
  • गाल ga:l -- (nm) cheek.
गाल पिचकाना -- to become emaciated.
गाल फुलाना -- tosulk; to get into a sullky mood.
गाल बजाना -- to boast, to brag.
  • गाला ga:la: -- (nm) a ball of carded cotton.
  • ग़ालिब g̣a:lib -- (a) predominant, overpowering, overwhelming.
ग़ालिब करना, रौब -- to dominate, prevail over, overwhelm.
  • ग़ालिबन g̣a:libān -- (ind.) perhaps, probably.
  • गाली ga:li: -- (nf) an abuse, invective; abusive songs sung by women aspart of (marriage) celebrations.
गाली गलौज/गुफ़तार -- billingsgate, violentinvectives; (exchange of) abusiveterms.
गाली खाना -- to endure abusive/foul language.
गाली देना -- to abuse, tocall names.
गाली गालियों पर उतरना -- tostoop to the use of abusivelanguage.
  • गावतकिया ga:vtakiya: -- (nm) a bolster, large stuffed pillow.
  • गावदी ga:vdi: -- (a) stupid, doltish, blockheaded; (nm) a nitwit, dolt.
  • गावदुम ga:vdum -- (a) tapering, conical.
  • गाह/क ga:hak -- (nm) a customer, purchaser; client.
गाहकी -- buying.
  • गाहना ga:hnā: -- (v) to thresh; to chinse.
  • गिचपिच gichpich -- (a) clumsy.
  • गिटपिट giṭpiṭ -- (nf) unintelligible chattering.
गिटपिट बोली/भाषा -- the English language.
गिटपिट करना -- to speak inEnglish/unintelligible language.
  • गिटार giṭa:r -- (nm) guitar (a musical instrument).
  • गिट्टक giṭṭak -- (nf) a wedge.
  • गिट्टी giṭṭi: -- (nf) grit, roadstone.
  • गिड़गिड़ाना giṛgiṛa:nā: -- (v) to entreat, to beseech, to implore humbly, to grovel in the dust.
  • गिड़गिड़ाहट giṛgiṛa:haṭ -- (nf) humble entreaty, beseeching.
  • गिद्ध giddh: -- (nm) a vulture.
गिद्ध दृष्टि -- long-sighted, capability to viewfrom a great distance.
  • गिनती ginti: -- (nf) counting; calculation; reckoning; number.
गिनती के -- counted few.
गिनती में आना -- to be ofsome significance or worth.
गिनती मेंहोना -- to be recognised, to be reckoned with, to be significant.
गिनती होना -- to be reckoned.
  • गिनना ginnā: -- (v) to count, to enumerate.
गिन-गिनकर -- making a through count.
गिन-गिनकर क़दम रखना -- toproceed very cautiously; to walkgracefully.
गिन-गिनकर गालियाँ देना -- to let loose a volley of abuses.
गिने-गिनाये -- exact(ly); in a limitednumber.
गिने-चुने -- a few; selectedfew.
  • गिनाना ginā:nā: -- (v) to enumerate, to count over, to count (so as tosatisfy somebody).
  • गिन्नी ginnī -- (nf) a guinea (a British gold coin).
  • गिरगिट girgiṭ: -- (nm) chameleon; a turn-coat.
गिरगिट की तरह रंग बदलना -- toturn cat in pan, to change colours, to make frequent somersaults.
  • गिरजाघर girja:ghar -- (nm) a church, cathedral.
  • गिरदावर ġirda:var -- (nm) a petty land revenue official (also called( ग़िरदावर क़ानूनगो).
  • गिरना girnā: -- (v) to fall, to come down, to collapse; to drop; tostumble, to tumble; to decrease(e.g. भावगिरना ); to be degraded; to bespilt; to be afflicted by a disease.
गिरकर सौदा करना -- to strike abargain at a discount.
गिरता-पड़ता -- in a tottering manner.
गिरती हालत -- worsening condition.
  • गिरफ़्तार girafta:r -- (a) arrested, captured, apprehended.
  • गिरफ़्तारी girafta:ri: -- (nf) arrest, capture, apprehension.
  • गिरमिटिया girmiṭiya: -- (nm) contracted native labour (during the British regime).
  • गिरवी girvi: -- (nf and a) mortgage(d), pawn(ed); pledge(d).
गिरवीदार -- mortgagee.
गिरवीनामा -- a deed of mortage.
गिरवी रखना -- to pawn/pledge/mortgage.
  • गिरस्ती girasti: -- (nf) see गृहस्थी.
  • गिरह girah -- (nf) a knot; joint; fold in the loin-cloth used for safekeeping of money; somersault; ameasure —one sixteenth part ofa yard.
गिरहकट -- a pick-pocket.
गिरहदार -- knotted, knotty.
गिरहबाज़ (कबूतर) -- asomersault pigeon.
गिरह काटना -- to pickpocket.
[ -- for other usages andidioms.
गिरह -- is synonymous with गाँठ (which please see)].
  • गिराना gira:nā: -- (v) to fell, to cause to fall, to pull down; to spill; todrop; to demolish; to abuse; tolower; to decrease; to degrade.
गिरे हुए को उठाना -- to set a man onhis feet.
  • गिराव gira:v -- (nm) see गिरावट.
  • गिरावट gira:vaṭ -- (nf) fall, downfall, degradation; slump; decrease.
  • गिरि giri -- (nm) a mountain, hill.
गिरिराज -- the Himalayas.
  • गिरिपीठ giripi:ṭḥ -- (nm) foothill.
  • गिरी giri: -- (nf) kernel.
  • गिरोह giroh -- (nm) a gang, group, band.
गिरोह बनाना/बाँधना -- to form a band/group.
  • गिर्द gird -- (ind) around, all round.
  • गिलट gilaṭ -- (nf) nickel; nickel-coat.
  • गिलहरी gilehri: -- (nf) a squirrel.
  • गिला gila: -- (nm) complaint; reproach.
गिला शिकवा -- informal complaint and reproach.
  • गिलाफ़ gila:f -- (nm) cover, pillow-cover; case.
  • गिलास gila:s -- (nm) a tumbler.
  • गिलोय giloy -- (nf) a medicinal creeper (very bitter in taste).
  • गिलौरी gilauri: -- (nf) a stuffed and folded betel-leaf.
  • गिल्टी gilṭi: -- (nf) gland, hard grandular swelling.
  • गिल्ली gilli: -- (nf) a toggle.
गिल्ली डंडा -- the game of tip-cat.
गिल्ली खेलना -- to playthe game of tip-cat; to play awayone's time.
  • गीत gi:t -- (nm) a song, a lyrical poem.
गीतकाव्य -- lyrical poetry.
गीत गाना -- to sing a song; to shower praisesupon, to eulogize.
  • गीता gi:ta: -- (nf) the Bhagwadgi:ta: which contains the celebrateddiscourse of Lord Krishṉā directed to Arjun, the stupefied hero ofthe Maha:bha:rat.
  • गीति gi:ti -- (nf) a lyric.
गीतिकाव्य -- lyrical poetry.
गीतितत्त्व -- lyrical element.
गीतिनाट्य/रूपक -- a lyrical play.
  • गीदड़ gi:daṛ -- (nm) a jackal; (fig.) a timid man; hence गीदड़पन timidness, cowardice.
गीदड़ भभकी -- a mere/falsethreat, bluff(ing).
  • गीधना gi:dhnā: -- (v) to acquire a predatory habit; to become habituated or used to undue advantages.
  • गीला gi:la: -- (a) moist, wet.
गीलापन -- wetness.
  • गुंजक gūṇjak -- (nm) a buzzer.
  • गुंजन gūṇjan -- (nm) buzzing, humming (sound).
  • गुंजाइश gūṇja:ish -- (nf) scope, capacity; accommodation.
  • गुंजायमान gūṇja:ymā:n -- (a) humming, buzzing.
  • गुंजार gūṇja:r -- (nm) humming, buzzing as of a blck bee).
  • गुंजारना gūṇja:rnā: -- (v) to buzz, to hum.
  • गुंठन gūṉṭḥan -- (nm) a veil.
  • गुंड/ई gūṉḍai: -- (nf) scoundrelism, rascality, roguery, hooliganism; also गुंडपन (nm).
  • गुंडा gūṉḍa: -- (nm and a) (a) rogue, scoundrel, hoodlum, hooligan.
गुंडागर्दी -- hooliganism, rowdyism; hence गुंडापन (nm).
  • गुँथना gūthnā: -- (v) to be threaded; to be stitched; to be plaited; to beinterlocked.
  • गुँधना gūdhnā: -- (v) to be kneaded.
  • गुंफ gūmph -- (nm) a string (of words); cluster.
  • गुंफन gūmphān -- (nm) stringing.
  • गुंबद gūmbad -- (nm) a dome, vault.
  • गुइयाँ guīyā: -- (nm) a chum, close friend; partner (in a game).
  • गु/च्छा guchchha: -- (nm) a bunch, cluster; tuft.
गुच्छेदार -- tufty.
  • गुज़र guzar -- (nf) maintenance; living; passing of time.
गुज़र बसर -- maintenance; livelihood.
गुज़र करना/बसर करना -- to subsist; to maintain (oneself).
गुज़र जाना -- to pass away; tocross.
गुज़र होना -- to subsist, to sustain.
  • गुज़रना guzarnā: -- (v) to pass; to pass away; to cross over.
  • गुज़ारना guza:rnā: -- (v) to pass time.
  • गुज़ारा guza:ra: -- (nm) subsistence; livelihood.
गुज़ारा करना -- to keep the potboiling, to make both ends meet.
  • गुज़ारिश guza:rish -- (nf) submission, supplication.
  • गुज्जी gujji: -- (nf) a dowel.
  • गुट guṭ -- (nm) a block, faction, clique; group.
गुटबंदी -- groupism, factionalism.
गुटबाज़ -- a factionalist, onewho forms a clique.
गुटबाज़ी -- see गुटबंदी.
  • गुटका guṭka: -- (nm) a manual, hand-book; puncheon; skid, scotch.
  • गुटरगूँ guṭargū: -- (nf) cooing of (a pigeon).
  • गुटिका guṭika: -- (nf) a tablet; pill.
  • गुट्ट guṭṭ -- (nm) see गुट.
  • गुट्ठल guṭṭḥal -- (a) (a fruit, etc.) having a stone within, stony; blunt.
  • गुट्ठी guṭṭḥi: -- (nf) the stone (of a fruit, etc.).
  • गुठली guṭḥli: -- (nf) the stone (of a fruit etc.).
गुठलीदार -- stony.
  • गुड़ guṛ -- (nm) jaggery.
गुड़ खाना गुलगुले से परहेज़ करना/बैर -- to swallow acamel, to strain at a gnat.
गुड़ गोबर करना -- to make a hash of, to mara happy occasion; to undo allthat has been done.
गुड़ दिखाकर ढेला मारना -- to commence with a caressand conclude with a stab.
गुड़ न दे गुड़ जैसी बात करे/कह दे -- a good wordcosts nothing.
गुड़ भरा हँसिया -- asugar-coated quinine pill.
गुड़ से मरे तो ज़हर क्यों दे ? -- why administerquinine, should sweet stuff servethe purpose ?.
  • गुड़गुड़ guṛguṛ -- (nm) a bubbling noise (such as produced whilesmoking a hooqah or by movementof air through the intestines).
  • गुड़गुड़ाना guṛguṛā:nā: -- (v) to produce bubbling nose.
  • गुड़गुड़ाहट guṛguṛa:haṭ -- (nf) a bubbling noise.
  • गुड़गुड़ी guṛguṛi: -- (nf) a hubble-bubble.
  • गुड़हल guṛhal -- (nm) the plant Bassia catifolia and its flower.
  • गुड़ाई guṛa:i: -- (nf) hoeing; thrashing; beating; charges therefor.
  • गुड़ि/या guṛiya: -- (nf) a doll.
गुड़ियों का खेल -- a childish/non-serious affair.
  • गुड्डा guḍḍa: -- (nm) a big doll (in male attire); a large kite.
गुड्डे-गुडियों का खेल -- a childish affair.
  • गुड्डी guḍḍi: -- (nf) a kite; a female child.
  • गुण gūṉ -- (nm) quality; attribute, property; virtue; merit; chief quality of all existing beings (viz. सत्त्व, रजस्, तमस्); a cord.
गुणक -- a multiplier.
गुणकारक/कारी -- effective (as ओषधि); beneficial.
गुणगान -- a panegyric, encomium.
गुणगान करना/गाना -- tochant the praises of, to eulogize, to extol, to narrate the virtues of.
गुणग्राहक -- a connoisseur.
गुणग्राहक ता -- appreciation; quality of a connoisseur.
गुणज्ञ -- a connoisseur; appreciator ofmerit.
गुण त्रय -- the three guṉas (सत्त्व, रजस् and तमस्).
गुण दोष -- merits anddemerits; merits.
गुणधर्म -- property.
गुणभेदक -- qualitative.
गुणवाचक/वाची -- attributive.
गुणवान -- meritorious; possessing good qualities.
गुणहीन -- devoid of merit or quality; hence गुणहीनता (nf).
  • गुणन guṉān -- (nm) multiplication.
गुणन चिन्ह -- sign of multiplication.
गुणनफल -- product of multiplication.
  • गुणा guṉā: -- (nm) multiplication.
गुणा करना -- to multiply.
  • गुणाढ्य guṉa:ḍḍḥy -- (a) gifted, of many gifts, possessing manyvirtues.
  • गुणातीत guṉa:ti:t -- (a) transcendental, freed from or beyond all properties.
  • गुणात्मक guṉā:tmāk -- (a) qualitative.
  • गुणानुवाद guṉā:nuva:d -- (nm) encomium, eulogy, singing praises (of).
  • गुणान्वित guṉā:nvit -- (a) meritorious, virtuous.
  • गुणावस्था guṉa:vastha: -- (nf) quality.
  • गुणित guṉit -- (nm) multiple; (a) multiplied by, times.
  • गुणी guṉi: -- (a) meritorious, possessing merits; adept in (some) art.
  • गुण्य guṉṉy -- (nm) multiplicand.
  • गुत्थमगुत्था gutthamguttha: -- (nf) a scuffle, brawl, close combat.
  • गुत्थी gutthi: -- (nf) a knot, entanglement; riddle, enigma.
गुत्थी सुलझाना -- to cut the gordian knot.
  • गुथना guthnā: -- (v) to interweave, to entwine; to interlock; to braid, toplait.
  • गुदकार gudka:r -- (a) fleshy, plump, pulpy.
  • गुदगुदा gudguda: -- (a) soft; plump, fleshy; hence गुदगुदापन (nm).
  • गुदगुदाना gudguda:nā: -- (v) to tickle, to titillate.
  • गुदगुदाहट gudguda:haṭ -- (nf) titillation, tickling (sensation).
  • गुदगुदी gudgudi: -- (nf) see गुदगुदाहट.
  • गुदड़ी gudṛi: -- (nf) pallet, rags, tattered garment.
गुदड़ी का लाल -- a diamond in rags (a precious thing in mostshabby quarters).
  • गुदना gudnā: -- (nm) tattoo; (v) to be tattooed.
  • गुदा guda: -- (nf) the anus.
गुदाभंजन/मैथुन -- act of sodomy; (fig.) undoing.
  • गुनगुना gūngūnā: -- (a) lukewarm, tepid; hence गुनगुनापन (nm).
  • गुनगुनाना gūngūnā:nā: -- (v) to hum; to sing to oneself in subdued tones.
  • गुनना gunnā: -- (v) to ponder (over); to assimilate.
  • गुनहगार gunehga:r -- (a) guilty, sinful; (nm) sinner.
  • गुना gunā: -- a suffix denoting times or fold (as तिगुना—three times orthreefold).
  • गुनाह gunā:h -- (nm) sin; fault, guilt.
गुनाहगार -- see गुनहगार.
गुनाह और बेलज़्ज़त -- game not worth the candle.
  • गुनिया guniyā: -- (nf) a try-square.
  • गुप्त gupt -- (a) hidden, secret, latent; confidential.
गुप्तघात -- assassination.
गुप्तघाती -- an assassin.
गुप्तता -- secrecy.
गुप्त दान -- anonymous donation.
गुप्त धन -- hidden treasure.
  • गुप्त/चर guptachar -- (nm) detective, spy.
गुप्तचर्या -- espionage.
  • गुप्ती gupti: -- (nf) a sword-stick.
  • गुफा gupha: -- (nf) a cave, cavern.
गुफावासी -- cave-dwelling; caveman.
  • गुफ़्तगू guftgu: -- (nf) talk, conversation, chit-chat.
  • गुबरैला g̣ubraila: -- (nm) a beetle, scarab.
  • ग़ुबार g̣uba:r -- (nm) dirt, dust; affliction; spite.
ग़ुबार निकालना -- to blow off steam, to give vent to one's senseof affliction/wrath.
  • ग़ुब्बारा g̣ubba:ra: -- (nm) a balloon.
  • गुम gum -- (a) lost; missing.
गुम चोट -- inner injury.
गुमनाम -- anonymous.
गुमराह -- misled, (led) astray.
गुमशुदा -- missing.
गुमसुम -- quiet, mute, taciturn.
  • गुमटी gumṭi: -- (nf) a watch tower; monkey island.
  • गुमड़ीदार gumṛi:da:r -- (a) muricate.
  • गुमान gumā:n -- (nm) pride, vanity; surmise, guess.
  • गुमाश्ता gumā:shta: -- (nm) an agent, representative, manager.
गुमाश्तागीरी -- office or function of an agent/representative.
  • गुर gur -- (nm) formula; device.
गुर समझ लेना -- to get the hang/knack of.
  • गुरगा gurga: -- (nm) see गुर्गा.
  • गुरदा gurda: -- (nm) kidney; courage.
  • गुरिया guriya: -- (nf) a small bead (of a rosary).
  • गुरिल्ला gurilla: -- (nm) guerilla.
गुरिल्ला दस्ता -- a guerilla squad.
गुरिल्ला युद्ध -- guerillawarfare.
  • गुरू guru -- (nm) a teacher; mentor; preceptor, spiritual guide; jupiter, (ironically) a knave fellow; (a).
  • गुरूआई gurua:i: -- (nf) the profession or function of a guru (preceptor); heaviness.
  • गुरूआनी gurua:nī: -- (nf) guru's wife.
  • गुरूडम guruḍām -- (nf) gurudom—effort to create an intellectual dominionby self-aggrandisement.
  • गुरूता guruta: -- (nf) the office or position of a guru; eminence; gravity; heaviness.
  • गुरूत्व guruttv -- (nm) see गुरूता.
गुरूत्व केंद्र -- the centre of gravity.
  • गुरूत्वाकर्षण guruttva:karshāṉ -- (nm) gravitation.
गुरूत्वाकर्षण नियम -- law of gravitation.
  • गुरूद्वारा gurudva:ra: -- (nm) a sikh temple.
  • गुरूमुखी gurumukhi: -- (nf) a differently developed form of ancient Devna:gri: script, which is now usedfor writing Punja:bi:.
  • गुरूवार guruva:r -- (nm) Thursday.
  • गुरूघंटाल guru:ghaṉṭa:l -- (a and nm) knave, astute, crafty (fellow).
  • गुर्गा gurga: -- (nm) a henchman; an agent; hence गुर्गापन (nm).
  • गुर्ज़ gurz -- (nm) a mace, club.
  • गुर्दा gurda: -- (nm) see गुरदा.
  • गुर्राना gurra:nā: -- (v) to growl, to snarl, to gnarl.
  • गुर्राहट gurra:haṭ -- (nf) a snarl, gnarl.
  • गुल gul -- (nm) a flower; snuff (of a candle etc.); the ashy substanceon the front of a lighted cigaretteetc; print.
गुलकारी -- embroidery.
गुलज़ार -- a garden; gay, bustling withlife.
गुलदस्ता -- a bouquet.
गुलदान -- aflower vase.
गुलबदन -- soft and delicate (like a flower).
गुलशन -- asmall garden.
गुल करना -- to snuff out; to put out.
गुल खिलना -- to have strange or funny things to happen orcome to light; hence causative गुल खिलाना.
गुल होना -- to be snuffed out; to be put out.
  • गुलकंद gulkand -- (nm) a conserve prepared from rose-leaves.
  • गुलखैरा gulkhaira: -- (nm) a hollyhock.
  • गुलगपाड़ा gulgapa:ṛa: -- (nm) an uproar, tumult, din.
  • गुलगुला gulgula: -- (a) soft; hence गुलगुलापन (nm); (nm) a kind of sweetpreparation.
  • गुलगुलाना gulgula:nā: -- (v) see गुदगुदाना.
  • गुलगुली gulguli: -- (nf) see गुदगुदी.
  • गुलचा gulcha: -- (nm) a light stroke of the fist (on the cheek).
  • गुलछरे gulchharre -- (nm) merry-making, revelry.
गुलछरे उड़ाना -- to live like fighing cocks, to enjoy freely, toindulge in riotous merry-making, to revel with abandon.
  • गुलज़ार gulza:r -- (nm and a) see गुल (गुलज़ारज़ार).
  • गुलमेंहदी gulmēhdi: -- (nf) touch-me-not, the balsam plant and its flower.
  • गुलाब gula:b -- (nm) rose.
गुलाबजल -- rose water.
गुलाबजामुन -- a delicious sweetmeat preparation.
गुलाबपाश -- a vasefor sprinkling rose-water.
  • गुलाबी gula:bi: -- (a) rosy; mild (as जाड़ा).
  • ग़ुला/म g̣ulā:m -- (nm) a slave.
ग़ुलामी -- slavery, servility, bondage.
ग़ुला होना -- to eat out of one's hand.
  • गुलूबंद gulu:band -- (nm) a muffler; an ornament worn around the neck.
  • गुलेल gulel: -- (nf) a stone bow pellet bow.
गुलेलची -- a pellet bowman, stonebowman.
  • गुल्फ gulph -- (nm) an ankle.
  • गुल्म gulm -- (nm) a cluster of plants; a kind of shrub; (in olden times) division of an army.
  • गुल्लक gullak -- (nm) a till, an earthen cash-box.
  • गुल्ली gulli: -- (nf) see गिल्ली.
गुल्ली डंडा -- see गिल्ली-डंडा.
गुल्ली खेलना -- see गिल्ली-डंडा खेलना.
  • ग़ुसल g̣usal -- (nm) a bath.
  • ग़ुसलख़ाना g̣usalḳḥa:nā: -- (nm) a bath, bath-room.
  • गुस्ताख़ gusta:ḳḥ -- (a) impertinent, impudent.
  • गुस्ताख़ी gusta:ḳḥi: -- (a) impertinence, impudence.
  • ग़ुस्सा g̣ussa: -- (nm) anger, rage, fury.
ग़ुस्सेबाज़ -- irascible, choleric.
ग़ुस्सा उतारना/निकालना -- to give vent to one'srage.
ग़ुस्सा करना -- to put a person'sback up.
ग़ुस्सा ठंडा होना -- one's angerto subside.
ग़ुस्सा थूक देना -- to be pacified, to forgive and forget.
ग़ुस्सा दिलाना -- toset a person's back up.
ग़ुस्सा पी जाना -- to restrain oneself.
ग़ुस्सा भड़क उठना -- toblaze up, to burst out in anger.
ग़ुस्सा हवा हो जाना -- one's anger to evaporate/disappear.
  • ग़ुस्सैल g̣ussail -- (a) irascible, choleric, hot-headed.
  • गुहना guhnā: -- (v) to thread, to string; to weave; to braid, to plait.
  • गुहा guha: -- (nf) cave; cavity; cavitation.
गुहामानव -- the caveman.
  • गुहार guha:r -- (nf) an humble appeal (for justice protection, etc.).
  • गुह्य guhy -- (a) occult; secret.
  • गुँ/गा gū:ga: -- (a) dumb, mute; (nm) a dumb person.
गुँगे का गुड़ -- an experience that defies expression.
  • गूँज gū:j -- (nf) an echo, a reverberation.
  • गूँजना gū:jnā: -- (v) to echo, to resound.
  • गूँथना gū:thnā: -- (v) to braid, to plait.
  • गूँधना gū:dhnā: -- (v) to knead.
  • गू gu: -- (nm) faeces.
गू का चोथ (चोंत) -- an ugly inert man.
गू मूत -- humanexcreta.
गू में घसीटना -- to subject(somebody) to grave humiliationand embarrassment.
गू में ढेला फेंकना -- to provoke a wily tongue.
  • गुगल gu:gal -- (nm) Indian bdellium, a fragrant gum resin used as a perfume and medicament.
  • गूढ़ gu:ṛḥ -- (a) occult, mysterious; abstruse; obscure.
  • गूढ़ता gu:ṛḥta: -- (nf) occultation, mysteriousness; abstruseness; obscurity.
  • गूढ़ोक्ति gu:ṛḥokti -- (nf) equivocation; a subtle remark.
  • गूदड़ gu:daṛ -- (nm) rags, tattered clothes.
  • गू/दा gu:da: -- (nm) flesh (of fruits and vegetables, etc.) pulp.
गूदेदार -- fleshy; pulpy.
  • गूलर gu:lar -- (nm) a kind of wild fig tree.
गूलर का फूल -- a non-existent object, rare find.
  • गृध्र griddhr -- (nm) a vulture; (a) greedy.
गृध्र दृष्टि -- long-sighted; onegifted with a capability to seeremote things.
  • गृह grih -- (nm) a residence.
गृह उद्योग -- cottage industry.
गृह कलह -- internecinequarrels.
गृह प्रबंध -- household management.
गृह प्रवेश -- house-warmingceremony.
गृहयुद्ध -- civil war.
गृहलक्ष्मी -- (a deferential term for) a housewife.
गृहस्वामिनी -- mistress of thehousehold.
गृहस्वामी -- master of.
  • गृहस्थ grihasth -- (nm) a householder.
  • गृहस्थाश्रम grihastha:shshram -- (nm) the position or phase of the householder (the second of the fourphases of life viz. Brahmachary, grihasth, va:nprasth and Sannya:sprescribed by the ancient Hindusavants).
  • गृहस्थी grihasthi: -- (nf) household; family.
  • गृहिणी grihiṉī: -- (nf) wife, housewife.
  • गृहीत grihi:t -- (nm) postulate; (a) assumed; accepted.
  • गेंडली genḍli: -- (nf) coil, things arranged in concentric circles; coiled rope, cloth, etc. for carrying heavy utensils on the head.
  • गेंद gēd -- (nf) a ball.
गेंद बल्ला -- ball and bat.
  • गेंदा gēda: -- (nm) marigold (plant and its flower).
  • गेटिस geṭis -- (nf) garter.
  • गेरुआ gerua: -- (a) ochrous, of the colour of red ochre, russet.
गेरुआ बाना -- ochre-coloured dress, the dressof a Hindu Sannyā:si:.
  • गेरु geru: -- (nm) red ochre, ochre, ruddle.
  • गेहुँअन gehūān -- (nm) see गोहुअन.
  • गेहुँआ gehūā: -- (a) wheat-coloured, wheatish.
  • गेहूँ gēhū: -- (nm) wheat.
गेहूँ के साथ घुन भी पिस जाता है -- when bulls fight, crops suffer.
  • गैंडा gāīḍa: -- (nm) a rhinoceros.
  • ग़ैंती g̣āīti: -- (nf) a pick, pick-axe.
  • ग़ैबी g̣aibi: -- (a) divine, other-worldly; unknown.
  • ग़ैर g̣air -- (nm and a) stranger, other; (prefix) non ग़ैर-, un ग़ैर-, in ग़ैर-.
ग़ैर- अदायगी -- non-payment.
ग़ैर-इंसाफ़ी -- inequity, injustice.
ग़ैर-क़ानूनी -- illegal, unlawful.
ग़ैर-ज़रुरी -- unnecessary; unimportant.
ग़ैर-ज़िम्मेदार -- irresponsible.
ग़ैर-मनक़ूला -- immovable(property).
ग़ैर-मामूली -- extraordinary.
ग़ैर-मुनासिब -- unfair; unreasonable.
ग़ैर-मुमकिन -- impossible.
ग़ैर-मौरुसी -- non-inherited; acquired.
ग़ैर-वाजिब -- unreasonable, improper.
ग़ैर-सरकारी -- non-governmental; unofficial; private.
ग़ैर-हाज़िर -- absent.
ग़ैर-हाज़िरी -- absence.
  • ग़ैरत g̣airat -- (nf) sense of honour, self-respect.
ग़ैरतमंद -- having a senseof honour, self-respecting.
ग़ैरत मरना -- to lose all sense of self-respect.
  • गैरिक gairik -- (a) ochrous, russet, of the colour of red ochre.
  • गैलन gailan -- (nm) gallon (a measure).
  • गैलरी gailari: -- (nf) a gallery.
  • गैस gais -- (nf) a gas.
  • गोंठ gōṭḥ: -- (nm) everted rim.
  • गोंठना gōṭḥnā: -- (v) to stitch in a rather crude manner; to skirt theedges; to encircle.
  • गोंडा gōṛa: -- (nm) a cattle pen (an enclosure meant for domestic animals).
  • गोंद gōd -- (nm) gum, wood gum.
गोंददानी -- a gum bottle.
गोंदीला -- gummy.
  • गोंदा gōda: -- (nm) pise.
  • गो go -- (nf) a cow; a sense (of perception etc.).
गोघात -- cow-slaughter.
गोघाती -- a butcher; killer of thecow.
गोचारण -- tending the cows (ata pasture).
गोचारण काव्य -- pastoral poetry.
गोदान -- the gifting away of a cow.
गोधन -- cattle wealth.
गोधूलि -- dusk, evening.
गोधूलि वेला -- dusk, evening.
गोप -- a cowherd.
गोपद -- hoof of a cow; the imprint of a cow-hoof.
गोपालन -- tending the cows.
गोपुच्छ -- cow'stail; any tapering structure.
गोमांस -- beef.
गोरक्षा -- cow-protection.
गोरस -- cow-milk, buttermilk, etc.
गोवध -- cow-slaughter.
गोसंवर्धन -- cow-breeding.
गोहत्या -- cow-slaughter.
  • गो go -- (ind) although, though.
गोकि -- .
  • गोखरु gokhru: -- (nm) a medicinal plant and its thorny fruit; corn(on one's feet); caltrop.
  • गोचर gochar -- (a) perceptible, experienced through the senses; hence गोचरता (nf).
  • गोट goṭ -- (nm) gold or silver lace, brocade; a piece (in games likechaupar, etc.); a picnic party.
गोट जमना/बैठना -- to achieve successin (one's) manipulation.
  • गो/टा goṭa: -- (nm) gold or silver lace, edging.
गोटेदार -- brocaded; fittedwith gold or silver lace.
  • गोटी goṭi: -- (nf) a piece (in games like chaupaṛ etc.) —see गोट; smallround stone or pebble.
गोटी जमना/बैठना -- see गोट (जमना/बैठना).
  • गोड़ goṛ -- (nm) a leg.
  • गोड़ना goṛnā: -- (v) to hoe; to dig; to upturn (the soil).
  • गोड़ाई goṛa:i: -- (nf) see गुड़ाई.
  • गोत got -- (nm) see गोत्र.
  • ग़ोता g̣ota: -- (nm) dive; dip.
ग़ोताख़ोर -- a diver.
ग़ोतामार -- diver; submarine.
ग़ोता खाना -- to suffer a dip; to be deceived; to suffer at somebody's hand.
ग़ोता देना -- to enforce a dip, to cause adip; to deceive.
ग़ोता मारना -- to dip, todive, to have a plunge; to give aslip.
ग़ोता लगाना -- to have a dip (in ariver).
  • गोत्र gottr -- (nm) lineage.
  • गोद god -- (nf) lap.
गोद का -- in the lap; very young.
गोद देना -- to giveaway for adoption.
गोद भरना -- to beblessed with motherhood; to fillthe lap of a woman with auspicious articles (like cocoanut, etc.).
गोद लेना -- to adopt (a child).
गोद सूनी होना -- to lose the only child.
  • गोदना godnā: -- (v) to tattoo, to pick; to prick; to puncture; to goad; (nm) a tattoo-mark.
  • गोदाम godā:m -- (nm) a godown, ware-house.
  • गोदी godi: -- (nf) lap; a dock, dockyard.
  • गोपन gopān -- (nm) concealment, hiding.
गोपनशील -- secretive, of undivulging nature.
गोपनशीलता -- secretiveness.
गोपनीय -- secret; confidential.
गोपनीय ता -- secrecy.
  • गोपिका gopika: -- (nf) see गोपी.
  • गोपी gopi: -- (nf) a cowherd's wife.
  • गोबर gobar -- (nm) cow-dung; dung.
गोबर गणेश -- a beetle-brain; a plump fool, nitwit, an inert blockhead.
गोबर का चोथ (चोंत) -- a good-for-nothingfellow; an indolent fool; an utterly ineffective man.
  • गोभी gobhi: -- (nf) cauliflower.
गोभी , बंद -- cabbage.
  • गोया goya: -- (ind) as if.
गोया कि -- as if.
  • गोरखधंधा gorakhdhandha: -- (nm) a labyrinth; labyrinthine affair, complicated riddle.
  • गोरखा gorkha: -- (nm) an inhabitant of Nepal, a Gorkha.
  • गोरखाली gorkha:li: -- (nf) Gorkhali गोरखाली the language of Nepal.
  • गोरा gora: -- (a) white, fair-skinned; (nm) a whiteman; an European; hence गोरापन (nm).
  • गोरिल्ला gorilla: -- (nm) a gorilla.
  • गोरी gori: -- (a) fair-comple (nf) a beautiful damsel.
  • गोलंदा/ज़ golānda:z -- (nm) a gunner, marksman.
गोलंदाज़ी -- gunnery, marksmanship; cannonading.
  • गोलंबर golāmbar -- (nm) a dome-like structure, cupola.
  • गोल gol -- (a) round; circular; globular; (nm) a goal (in games); misappropriation; mess, confusion; gang.
गोलगप्पा -- a small cake-likeIndian preparation taken withspiced water; corpulent, chubby.
गोल गोल -- equivocal; fat; round.
गोलमटोल -- .
  • गोलक golak -- (nm) see गुल्लक; ball (as eye-ball नेत्रगोलक).
  • गोला gola: -- (nm) a ball; cannon-ball; a bomb shell; kernel of a cocoanut; sphere; globe; a large roundbeam (of wood); colic.
गोलाई -- roundness, rotundity, sphericity; curvature.
गोलाबारी -- shelling, bombardment.
गोला बारुद -- ammunition.
  • गोलाकार gola:ka:r -- (a) round; globular; circular.
  • गोलार्ध gola:rdh -- (nm) hemisphere.
  • गोली goli: -- (nf) a bullet; pill; tablet, ball; (nm) goalkeeper.
गोली खाना -- tobe hit by a bullet.
गोली चलना -- firingto take place.
गोली मारना -- to shoot; toignore, to damn, to let go.
  • गोलीय goli:y -- (a) spherical; rotund.
  • गोल्फ़ golf -- (nm) golf.
  • गोशाला gosha:la: -- (nf) a cow-shed, cow-tending centre.
  • गोश्त gosht -- (nm) flesh, meat.
गोश्तख़ोर -- a meat-eater.
गोश्त , गाय का -- beef.
गोश्त , भेड़/बकरी का -- mutton.
गोश्त , सुअर का -- pork.
गोश्त , हिरन का -- venison.
  • गोष्ठी goshṭḥi: -- (nf) a seminar; discussion.
  • गोह goh -- (nf) iguana.
  • गोहअन gohuān -- (nm) a (wheatish complexioned) deadly snake.
  • गौ gau -- (nf) see गो.
  • गौण gāūṉ -- (a) secondary, subsidiary; auxiliary; minor; hence गौणता (nf).
  • गौना gāūnā: -- (nm) the ceremony of the bride's going to her husband'shome after a post-marriageinterval.
  • गौर gaur -- (a) fair-skinned, fair, white.
गौरवर्ण -- fair-complexioned.
  • ग़ौर g̣aur -- (nm) reflection, deliberation, consideration, close attention.
ग़ौरतलब -- worth considering/reflecting on, requiring close attention.
ग़ौर करना -- to take note of; toponder, to deliberate, to thinkattentively.
ग़ौर होना -- to be thought ofattentively, to be pondered over.
  • गौरव gaurav -- (nm) pride, glory, honour; heaviness.
गौरव ग्रंथ -- a classic(work).
गौरवमय -- glorious; hence गौरवमयी feminine form of गौरवमय.
गौरवशाली -- glorious, dignified.
  • गौरवान्वित gaurava:nvit -- (a) filled/crowned with glory, glorified.
  • गौरी gauri: -- (nf) the goddess Pa:rvati:—Shiv's spouse.
गौरीशंकर -- the Mount Everest.
  • गौरैया gauraiya: -- (nf) a sparrow, hen-sparrow.
  • गौशाला gausha:la: -- (nf) a cowshed, habitat for cows; cow-tending centre.
  • ग्यारह gya:rah -- (a) eleven; (nm) the number eleven.
  • ग्रांडील gra:nḍi:l -- (a) see गरांडील.
  • ग्रंथ grānth -- (nm) a book; voluminous book.
ग्रंथकार -- a writer, author (of a book).
ग्रंथमाला -- a series of books.
ग्रंथ रचना -- writing of a book.
ग्रंथविज्ञान -- (the science of) bibliography.
ग्रंथविज्ञानी -- a bibliographer.
ग्रंथ विमोचन -- formal releasing of a book.
ग्रंथसूची -- bibliography; a list of books.
ग्रंथसूची कार -- a bibliographer.
  • ग्रंथि granthi -- (nf) a knot; complex.
ग्रंथिल -- knotty, complicated.
  • ग्रंथिका granthika: -- (nf) a booklet.
  • ग्रसना grasnā: -- (v) to swallow, to make a morsel of, to seize, to capture.
  • ग्रस्त grast -- (a) caught (into), possessed.
  • ग्र/ह grah -- (nm) a planet.
ग्रह-ग्रस्त -- planet-stricken.
ग्रह-शांति -- countering of evil planetary effects.
ग्रहीय -- planetary.
  • ग्रहण grahāṉ -- (nm) eclipse; taking, catching, seizing; hence ग्रहणणीय (a).
  • ग्रा/म gra:m -- (nm) a village; gamut; gramme (a weight); as a suffix itmeans multitude, collection.
ग्रामीण -- rural, uncivil.
ग्राम्य -- rural, uncivil; hence ग्रामीणता, ग्राम्यता.
ग्राम्यत्व -- vulgarity.
  • ग्रास gra:s -- (nm) a morsel; victim; eclipsed part (of Sun or Moon).
  • ग्राह gra:h -- (nm) a crocodile.
  • ग्राहक gra:hak -- (nm) a customer, client.
ग्राहक-वर्ग -- clientele.
ग्राहक टूटना -- acustomer to be veered away/to be alienated.
  • ग्राही gra:hi: -- —a suffix denoting one who catches/takes/seizes.
  • ग्राह्य gra:hy -- (a) worth taking, acceptable; hence ग्राह्यता (nf).
  • ग्रीक gri:k -- (nf) Greek (language).
  • ग्रीवा gri:va: -- (nf) the neck.
  • ग्रीष्म gri:shm -- (nm) the summer.
ग्रीष्म काल -- summer season.
ग्रीष्मकालीन -- pertaining to or of the summer season, summer.
  • ग्रेजुएट grejueṭ -- (nm) a graduate.
  • ग्लानि gla:nī -- (nf) remorse, repentance.
  • ग्वाला gwa:la: -- (nm) a milkman, cow-keeper.
ग्वालिन -- a milkwoman.
  • घ gha -- the fourth consonant and the fourth member of the first pentad (i.e. कवर्ग) of the Devna:gri: alphabet.
  • घँघोलना ghāgholnā: -- (v) to mash; to mix by stirring; to make turbid (by mixing).
  • घंटा ghaṉṭa: -- (nm) a bell; gong; clock; an hour.
घंटाघर -- a clock-tower.
  • घंटी ghaṉṭi: -- (nf) a small bell, tintinnabulum; the ringing of a bell; ovula.
  • घट ghaṭ -- (nm) a pitcher; the physical frame/body; nominal form of the verb घटना used as the firstmember of the compound घटबढ़ fluctuation, variation.
घटबढ़ होना -- tofluctuate; to vary; to be slightlymore or less.
घट घट में समाना -- topermeate each and every body/through all and sundry.
  • घटक ghaṭak -- (nm) a factor, component/constituent/ingredient.
  • घटती ghaṭti: -- (nf) decline; decrease; descent; diminution.
  • घटना ghaṭnā: -- (nf) an incident, event; incidence, occurrence; phenomenon; (v) to happen; to be subtracted; to decrease, to lessen.
घटना क्रम -- series of events.
घटना चक्र -- march ofevents.
घटना बढ़ना -- to fluctuate, tovary.
घटनास्थल -- the site/scene of an incident/occurrence.
  • घटनावली ghaṭnā:vāli: -- (nf) a series of incidents.
  • घटवार ghaṭva:r -- (nm) a wharf-owner.
  • घटा ghaṭa: -- (nf) a dark cloud; mass of dark clouds.
घटा उठना -- emergenceof thick dark clouds.
घटा धिरना/छाना -- gathering of thick dark clouds.
  • घटाटोप ghaṭa:ṭop -- (nm) gathering of dense clouds in the sky; a covering used for carriage etc.
  • घटाना ghaṭa:nā: -- (v) to reduce; to subtract; to deduct; to diminish; to lessen/decrease; to apply.
  • घटाव ghata:w -- (nm) reduction, decrease; diminution.
  • घटिका ghaṭika: -- (nf) a time-interval of 24 minutes; also called घड़ी.
  • घटित ghaṭit -- (a) happened; applied.
  • घटिया ghaṭiya: -- (a) inferior, of low quality or standard; cheap; shoddy; hence घटियापन (nm).
  • घ/ट्ठा घटठा ghaṭṭa:, ~a: -- (nm) corn, callosity; cork, plug.
  • घड़घड़ा/ना ghaṛghaṛa:nā: -- (v) to rattle; to rumble; to thunder.
घड़घड़ाहट -- rattle; rumble; thunder.
  • घ/ड़ा ghaṛa: -- (nm) a pitcher, pot.
घड़ों पानी पड़ना -- to be flushed withshame, to suffer extreme humiliation.
  • घड़ीया ghaṛiya: -- (nf) a crucible.
  • घड़ीयाल ghaṛiya:l -- (nm) an alligator; a crocodile.
  • घड़ी ghaṛi: -- (nf) a watch, time-piece; moment; a time interval of 24minutes.
घड़ी घड़ी -- every moment; repeatedly, time and again.
घड़ी भर को -- for a while.
घड़ी में -- in a trice.
घड़ीसाज़ -- a horologist, watch-maker.
घड़ीसाज़ी -- horology, watch maker'swork/profession.
घड़ीयाँ गिनना -- tocount every passing momentrestlessly; to await keenly.
घड़ी टलना -- the appointed time to pass away; to miss the opportune moment.
  • घड़ौची ghaṛāūchi: -- (nf) a pitcher-stand.
  • घन ghān -- (nm) a hammer, sledge-hammer; cube; cloud; (a) dense; solid.
घनघोर -- very dense; terrible, profound.
घनचक्कर -- a blockhead; dolt.
घनफल -- cube.
घनमूल -- cube-root.
घन की चोट -- a heavy shattering stroke, hammer stroke.
  • घनघना/ना ghānghanā:nā: -- (v) to produce a deep ringing sound (as of a gong); hence घनघनाहट (nf).
  • घनता ghanata: -- (nf) density; solidity; compactness.
  • घनत्व ghanatv -- (nm) see घनता.
  • घना ghanā: -- (a) dense, thick; intensive (as cultivation); compact.
घनापन -- denseness; compactness.
  • घनाभ ghanā:bh -- (nm) a cuboid.
  • घनिष्ठ ghanishṭḥ -- (a) close; closest, most intimate.
घनिष्ठता -- closeness; intimacy; rapport.
  • घनीभूत ghanī:bhu:t -- (a) condensed; concentrated; solidified; profound.
  • घप/ला ghapla: -- (nm) bungling; mess; confusion; disorder, pretty kettleof fish.
घपलेबाज़ -- a bungler, onewho creates a mess; hence घपलेबाज़ी.
/ घपला करना -- to make hay of.
  • घबड़ारा/ना ghabṛa:ra:nā: -- (v) to be nervous, to lose nerve; to benon-plussed; to get panicky.
घबड़ारा जाना -- to be in flap; to be panicky/nervous.
  • घबड़ाराहट ghabṛa:ra:haṭ -- (nf) nervousness; restlessness; panic.
  • घमंड ghamāṉḍ -- (nm) conceit; vanity.
  • घमंडी ghamāṉḍi: -- (a) conceited; vain.
घमंडी का सिर नीचा -- pride goethbefore a fall.
  • घमासान ghamā:sā:n -- (a) fierce.
घमासान युद्ध/लड़ाई -- fierce fight or battle.
  • घमौरी ghamāūri: -- (nf) prickly heat.
  • घर ghar -- (nm) home; house, residence; apartment, room; compartment; native place, homeland; office (as तारघर, डाकघर); square or.
  • घरघरा/ना gharghara:nā: -- (v) to produce a whirring sound; to snort; hence घरघराहट (nf).
  • घराती ghara:ti: -- (nm) member of.
  • घराना ghara:nā: -- (nm) a family, clan.
  • घरु gharu: -- (a) domestic; familial; private.
  • घरेलू gharelu: -- (a) domestic; private.
  • घरौंदा gharāūda: -- (nm) a toy-house.
  • घर्घर gharghar -- (nf) rumble; gurgle; snorting sound.
  • घ/र्षण gharshāṉ -- (nm) friction; clash.
घर्षित -- clashed; in clash, in friction.
  • घलुआ ghalua: -- (nm) that which a buyer gets over and above thequantity paid for; a tip in kind toa buyer.
  • घसखोदा ghaskhoda: -- (nm) a grass-cutter; petty person; ignoramus.
  • घसियारा ghasiya:ra: -- (nm) a grass-cutter; hay-trusser; a inadept.
  • घसीट ghasi:ṭ -- (nf) scribble; scrawl.
  • घसीटना ghasi:ṭnā: -- (v) to drag; to trail; to scribble; to scrawl.
  • घहराना ghehra:nā: -- (v) to thicken (as clouds); to thunder; to gurgle.
  • घाई gha:i: -- (nf) the intervening space in between two fingers.
  • घाघ gha:gh -- (nm and a) cunning, shrewd (person).
  • घाघरा gha:ghra: -- (nm) a petticoat; skirt from waist to ankle.
  • घाट gha:ṭ -- (nm) wharf, quay; berth; ferry, bank.
घाटबंदी -- embargo.
घाट शुल्क -- ferriage.
घाट का पत्थर -- a publicproperty.
घाट घाट का पानी पीना -- towander from pillar to post; togather varied experience.
घाट लगना -- toreach ashore; to find a foothold.
  • घाटा gha:ṭa: -- (nm) loss; deficit.
घाटा-खाना -- to suffer a loss.
घाटे का सौदा -- alosing proposition.
घाटे का बजट -- adeficit budget.
  • घाटिया gha:ṭiya: -- (nm) a Bra:hmaṉ on a bathing bank who applies sandalwood paste on bathers' foreheads.
  • घाटी gha:ṭi: -- (nf) a valley; mountain pass.
  • घात gha:t -- (nf) ambush, ambuscade; killing; slaughter; stroke; powerdegree.
घात पर चढ़ना, घात में आना -- to fallinto one's clutches.
घात मेँ फिरना -- tomark time for an ambuscade.
घात में बैठना -- to wait for an ambuscade.
घात में रहना -- to be upon the catch, to ambuscade; to look for atactical opportunity to strike.
घात लगाना -- to lie in ambush.
घातें बताना -- to play tricks; to impart lessons intrickery.
  • घातक gha:tak -- (a) lethal; fatal; ruinous; (nm) a killer; murderer.
  • घातांक gha:tā:ṅk -- (nm) index.
  • घा/ता gha:ta: -- (nm).
घाते में -- over and above what is paid for, free; without effort or spending; bytrickery.
  • घाती gha:ti: -- (nm) a killer, assassin; slaughterer; trickster; (a) cunningand crafty.
  • घान ghā:n -- (nm) a lot; quantity of oilseed, wheat, etc. ground or pressed in one lot; things cooked orfried in one lot.
  • घाम ghā:m -- (nm) sunshine; heat of the sun.
  • घामड़ ghā:maṛ -- (nm) an idiot, a blockhead, dullard; (a) idiotic, dull.
  • घायल gha:yal -- (a) wounded, injured; hurt.
घायल की गति घायल जाने -- its thesufferer alone who knows the pain.
  • घालना gha:lnā: -- (v) to strike; to thrust; to destroy; to place; to pour(into).
  • घाव gha:w -- (nm) a wound; an injury.
घाव खाना -- to be wounded/injured, to receive an injury.
घाव पर नमक छिड़कना -- to add insult to injury.
घाव पुरना/भरना -- a wound to heal up.
घाव हराहोना -- a wound to revive.
  • घास gha:s -- (nf) grass.
घास पात -- rubbish; weed and straw: worthless food.
  • घासले/ट gha:sleṭ -- (nm) vegetable oil; inferior stuff; (a) trash.
घासलेटी -- worthless; inferior, trash; cheap.
घासलेटी साहित्य -- gutter/trash literature, cheap literature.
  • घिग्घी ghigghi: -- (nf).
घिग्घी बँधना -- to have the throat choked (out of fear oremotional upsurge); to be so stunned as to become tongue-tied.
  • घिघियाना ghighiya:nā: -- (v) to grovel in the dust, to show up the teeth, to beg for mercy; to supplicate; to falter in speech (due to fearor emotional upsurge).
  • घिचपिच ghichpich -- (a) crowded; clumsy; illegible; (nf) congestion:clumsiness.
  • घिन ghīn -- (nf) abhorrence, odiousness; nausea.
घिन आना -- one's gorge to rise at.
  • घिनौना ghināūnā: -- (a) abominable; loathsome; odious; nauseating; hence घिनौनापन (nm).
  • घिया ghiya: -- (nf) bottle gourd.
घियाकश -- a grater.
  • घिरनी ghirnī: -- (nf) a pulley.
  • घिराई ghira:i: -- (nf) the act of surrounding or encircling, the act of keeping a watch on grazing cattle; the fee or charge for so doing.
  • घिराव ghira:v -- (nm) gherao—the act of surrouding a person or personsin authority to press acceptance ofcertain demands.
  • घिर्री ghirri: -- (nf) a sheave; pulley.
  • घिसटना ghisaṭnā: -- (v) intrasitive form of the verb घसीटना (see).
घिसट-घिसट कर मरना -- to die by inches.
  • घिसघिस ghisghis -- (nf) higgling; drudgery; dull routine work; dilatoriness; dilly-dallying.
  • घिसना ghisnā: -- (v) to rub; to be worn out/to wear out; to be impaired/toimpair.
घिसा-पिटा -- hackneyed; wornout.
  • घिसाई ghisa:i: -- (nf) the work of or charges paid for rubbing or smoothening; hard labour; abrasion; wear.
  • घिस्सा ghissa: -- (nm) friction; a powerful hard rub (on the body); attrition; dodge.
  • घी ghi: -- (nm) ghee.
घी के चिराग़/दिए जलाना -- lit. to light up ghee lamps-to celebrate (the fulfilment ofsome cherished desire) by fanfare/merry-making/festivity.
घी खिचड़ि/शक्कर होना -- to be hand in glovewith; to be in intimate association; to become inseparablyunited.
घी दूध की नदी बहना -- to bevery prosperous and affluent.
  • घुँघची ghūghchi: -- (nf) a small red and black seed of Abrus precatorius.
  • घुँघराले ghūghra:le -- (a) curly (plural form of घुँघराला—the singularfrom is seldom used).
  • घुँघरु ghūghru: -- (nm) a set of small jingling bells (worn around theankles, esp. during a dance performance).
घुँघरु बाँधना -- to take to a dancing career; to take lessons in dancing (from a guru).
  • घुंडी ghūṉḍi: -- (nf) a knob; nipple; switch; ball-shaped button of cloth.
घुंडीदार -- knobby.
  • घुइयाँ ghuīyā: -- (nf) arum—a kind of Indian vegetable.
  • घुग्घू ghugghu: -- (nm) an owl; a fool, stupid fellow.
  • घुटना ghuṭnā: -- (v) to be suffocated; to experience suffocation; to beclean-shaven; (nm) a knee.
घुट-घुटकर जान देना -- to fret out one's life.
  • घुटन्ना ghuṭannā: -- (nm) knickers, half-pants.
  • घुटाई ghuṭa:i: -- (nf) levigation and its charges; work of and charges forlevigation; surfacing; cramming.
  • घुट्टी ghuṭṭi: -- (nf) digestive medicine or tonic given, to infants.
घुट्टी में पड़ना -- to become habituated (to) fromthe very infancy; something tobecome a part of one's nature.
  • घुड़ ghuṛ -- an allomorph of घोड़ा used as the first member in compoundwords.
घुड़चढ़ी -- a ceremonial horse-riding of the bridegroom (to thebride's house) forming a part ofthe marriage celebrations; a ceremonial horse-riding.
घुड़दौड़ -- horse-race.
घुड़मुहाँ -- horse-faced, one having a horse-like oblong face.
घुड़सवार -- a horse-rider; a cavalier.
घुड़साल -- a horse-stable.
  • घुड़कना ghuṛaknā: -- (v) to brow-beat, to (administer a short and sharp) reprimand.
  • घुड़की ghuṛki: -- (nf) a hollow threat; brow-beating, a sharp reprimand/rebuff; bluff.
  • घुणाक्षर न्याय ghuṉā:ksharnya:y -- (nm) fortuitous and unexpected manner, happy chance.
  • घुन ghūn -- (nm) a weevil, wood-worm.
घुन लगना -- to be in the grip of canker; to suffer internal decay.
  • घुनना ghunnā: -- (v) to be eaten by wood-worm, to be weevilled; to rot.
  • घुन्ना ghūnnā: -- (a) perversely reticent; rancorously secretive.
  • घुप्प ghupp -- (a).
घुप्प अँधेरा -- pitch dark, total black-out.
  • घुमक्कड़ ghumākkaṛ -- (a) fond of/in the habit of wandering about, roving; (nm) a rover; wanderer.
  • घुमड़ना ghumaṛnā: -- (v) to gather up (as clouds or sentiments); to converge and concentrate.
  • घुमरी ghumri: -- (nf) see घुमेरी.
  • घुमाना ghumā:nā: -- (v) to revolve; to roll; to swirl round; to circulate; to spin; to turn; to brandish (as asword); to take round; to beguile; to give a twist.
घुमा-फिरा कर बातकरना -- to beat about the bush.
  • घुमेरी ghumēri: -- (nf) giddiness, vertigo.
घुमेरी आना -- to feel giddy.
  • घुमाव ghuma:v -- (nm) a turning; curvature; twist.
घुमावदार -- winding, circuitous; curved.
  • घुरघुराना ghurghura:nā: -- (v) to produce a snorting sound; hence घुरघुर and घुरघुराहट (nf).
  • घुलनशील ghulānshi:l -- (a) soluble.
घुलनशीलता -- solubility.
  • घुल/ना ghulnā: -- (v) to be dissolved; to be liquefied; to be mixed; to languish; to suffer decadence or towaste away; to become lean andthin.
घुल घुलकर काँटा होना -- to be reduced to a skeleton.
घुल-घुलकर जान देना/मरना -- to fret out one'slife, to eat one's heart out; towaste oneself away to death.
घुल-घुलकर बातें करना -- to have a tete-tete, to have a flow of soul.
  • घुसना ghusnā: -- (v) to enter; to pierce; to penetrate; to thrust into; tointrude.
  • घुसपैठ ghuspaiṭḥ -- (nf) intrusion; infiltration; access.
घुसपैठिया -- an intruder; infiltrator.
घुसपैठ करना -- to intrude; to infiltrate.
  • घुसेड़ना ghuseṛnā: -- (v) to thrust into; to pierce; to penetrate.
  • घूँघट ghū:ghaṭ -- (nm) face-veil; veil.
घूँघट उलटना -- to unveil; to remove the veil.
घूँघट करना/काढ़ना/निकालना -- to veil, to have a veil on.
  • घूँघर ghū:ghar -- (nm) curl (of hair).
घूँघरवाले -- curly.
  • घूँट ghū:ṭ -- (nm) a draught, gulp, sip.
  • घूमना ghu:mnā: -- (v) to take a walk, to stroll; to wander; to gyrate; torevolve; to whirl; to turn; toreturn; to roll; to spin; to waggle; to swim (as head).
घूम-फिर कर वहीं पहुँचना -- to come full circle.
  • घूरना ghu:rnā: -- (v) to stare (at); to gloat; to frown (at).
  • घूरा ghu:ra: -- (nm) midden, heap of refuse/sweepings.
घूरे के भी दिनफिरते हैं -- every dog has his day.
  • घूर्ण ghu:rṉ -- (nm) moments; rotation.
  • घूर्णन ghu:rṉān -- (nm) rotation.
घुर्णित -- rotated.
  • घूस ghu:s -- (nf) bribe, illegal gratification; a bandicoot rat.
घूसख़ोर -- bribee.
घूसख़ोरी -- bribery.
घूस खाना -- toaccept bribe.
घूस देना -- to bribe.
  • घृणा ghriṉā: -- (nf) hatred, scorn, abhorrence; loathing.
  • घृणास्पद ghriṉā:spad -- (a) hateful, abhorrent; loathsome, despicable.
  • घृणित ghriṉit -- (a) abominable; abhorred, heinous.
  • घृण्य ghriṉṉy -- (a) see घृणास्पद.
  • घृत ghrit -- (nm) ghee.
  • घेंटी ghēṭi: -- (nf) an unripe pod (of grain etc.).
  • घेर gher -- (nm) circumference.
घेर घार -- hemming in; encirclement.
घेरदार -- skirted; loose; having a widecircumference.
  • घेरना ghernā: -- (v) to besiege; to encircle; to hem in; to blockade; to confine.
  • घेरा ghera: -- (nm) a siege; an encirclement, enclosure, cordon; fence; skirt; girth; circumference; rim.
घेरा डालना -- to besiege, to surround.
घेराबंदी -- encirclement; siege; blockade.
  • घोंघा ghōgha: -- (nm) shell; snail; couch; oyster.
घोंघाबसंत -- an idiot, anincompoop.
  • घोंटना ghōṭnā: -- (v) see घोटना.
  • घोंपना ghōpnā: -- (v) to pierce, to penetrate.
  • घोंसला ghōsla: -- (nm) a nest.
  • घोखना ghokhnā: -- (v) to cram up, to commit to memory.
  • घोटना ghoṭnā: -- (v) to cram up, to commit to memory; to levigate; tochoke; to strangle (e.g. गला घोटना); to smoothen; to shave.
  • घोटा ghoṭa: -- (nm).
घोटा लगाना -- to cram up; to levigate thoroughly.
  • घोटाला ghoṭa:la -- (nm) bungling; confusion, mess; disorder.
  • घोटू ghoṭu: -- (nm) a crammer, an adept in the art of cramming up.
  • घोड़ा ghoṛa: -- (nm) a horse; hammer of a gun.
घोड़ागाड़ी -- a horse-carriage.
घोड़ा कसना -- to saddle a horse.
घोड़ा चढ़ाना -- to cock a gun.
घोड़ा पालूँ और पैदल चलूँ -- what! keep a dog and bark myself.
घोड़ा फेरना/सधाना -- to break a horse(to the rein).
घोड़ा बेचकर सोना -- to gointo a deep carefree sleep.
  • घोड़ी ghoṛi: -- (nf) a mare; high wooden stand.
घोड़ी चढ़ना -- see घुड़(घोड़ीचड़ी).
  • घोर ghor -- (a) awful; formidable; terrible; dense, thick; deep; sharp.
  • घोल ghol -- (nm) a solution; myrrh.
  • घोलना gholnā: -- (v) to dissolve; to mix.
घोलना घोलकर भी जाना -- to assimilate.
  • घोष ghosh -- (v) voiced; (nm) sound; voiced sound; a habitation.
  • घोषणा ghoshṉa: -- (nf) a declaration, proclamation.
  • घोषित ghoshit -- (a) declared, proclaimed.
  • घोसी ghosi: -- (nm) a milkman.
  • ङ ṅa -- the fifth (and nasal) consonant and the ultimate member of the first pentad (i.e. कवर्ग) of theDevna:gri alphabet. No word inuse in Sanskrit or Hindi beginswith this letter. It is usually foundas a first member of a conjunctconsonant preceded by a vowelbut in reformed Devana:gri: script, it has been replaced by a doteven in such cases (as गंगा, and not गन्ङा, is the correct accepted form).