विक्षनरी:हिन्दी-अंग्रेजी शब्दकोश : तवर्ग

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हिन्दी-अंग्रेजी शब्दकोश के मुखपृष्ठ पर चलें

  • त ta — the first letter of the fourth pentad (i.e. तवर्ग) of the Devanagari alphabet.
  • तंग tāṅg — (a) narrow; scarce; troubled; harassed; girth, belt of a horse.
तंगदस्त -- short of money, scarcity-stricken.
तंगदस्ती -- state of penury, scarcity of money, poverty.
तंगदिल -- hide-bound, small hearted; hence तंगदिली (nf).
तंगहाल -- tight, distressed, in great straits.
तंगहाली -- narrow circumstances, straits, tightness.
तंग आना -- to be tired (of), to be fed up; to be browned off.
तंग करना -- to trouble, to harass, to victimize.
  • तंगी tāṅgi: — (nf) scarcity, poverty, tightness.
  • तंडुल tānḍul — (nm) rice.
  • तंतु tāntu — (nm) a thread, fibre; filament; tendril; cord or string of a musical instrument.
तंतुक -- a fibril.
तंतुमय -- fibrous.
तंतु-वाद्य -- stringed musical instrument.
तंतुवाय -- a weaver; spider.
  • तंत्र tāntr — (nm) a system; technique; a string gut; a body of mystical formulae or practices (for the attainment of super-human powers); incantation.
तंत्र-मंत्र -- hocus-pocus, voodooism, spell and incantation.
तंत्र-साधना -- tantra-practices for the attainment of a desired goal orsuper-human faculties.
  • तंत्रज्ञ tāntragy — (nm) one who has attained expertise in तंत्र (see).
  • तंत्रि/का tāntrika: — (nf) a nerve.
तंत्रिकातंत्रि- तंत्र -- nervous system.
तंत्रिकीय -- nervous.
  • तंत्री tāntri: — (nf) a practitioner of enchantments; a stringed musical instrument—a lyre.
  • तंदुरुस्त tāndurust — (a) healthy.
  • तंदुरुस्ती tāndurusti: — (nf) health(iness).
तंदुरुस्ती हज़ार नियामत -- a sound health is a thousand blessings.
  • तंदू/र tāndu:r — (nm) an oven.
तंदूरी -- fired or prepared in, or pertaining to, an oven.
  • तंद्रा tāndra: — (nf) drowse, drowsiness; somnolence, dormancy.
तंद्रालु -- drowsy.
  • तंद्रिल tāndril — (a) drowsy.
तंद्रिलता -- drowsiness.
  • तंबाकू tāmba:ku: — (nm) tobacco.
  • तंबीह tāmbi:h — (nf) an admonition, a gentle reproof.
तंबीह देना -- to admonish.
  • तंबू tāmbu: — (nm) a tent, marquee.
  • तंबूर tāmbu:r — (nm) a tambour.
  • तंबूरा tāmbu:ra: — (nm) a four-stringed drone.
  • तंबोली tāmboli: — (nm) see तमोली.
  • तक tak — (ind) to, up to; till, until; by.
  • तक़दीर taqdi:r — (nf) luck, lot, fate, fortune.
तक़दीर आज़माना -- to try one'sluck.
तक़दीर ऊँची जगह लड़ना -- to be related (matrimonially) to a rich family, to turn out to be lucky in matrimony.
तक़दीर का खेल -- wonders wrought by Luck.
तक़दीर का धनी/सिकंदर -- blessed with a lucky lot, favoured by Dame Luck.
तक़दीर का पलटा खाना -- (one's) luckto take a turn.
तक़दीर का लिखा नहींमिटता -- what is lotted cannot beblotted.
तक़दीर का हेठा -- having a wretchedlot.
तक़दीर खुलना/जागना -- to be in luck, to be in the ascendant.
तक़दीर खोटी होना -- to have a bad/an ill-luck.
तक़दीर ठोकना -- to curse one's ill-luck.
तक़दीर फूटना -- to be out ofluck, to be under the spell ofill-luck.
तक़दीर लड़ना -- to be favoured byluck, to get a lucky chance.
तक़दीर सेतदबीर बड़ी है -- its effort that countsmore in life than mere luck.
  • तक़दीरी taqdi:ri: — (a) pertaining or related to luck/fate.
  • तकना taknā: — (v) see ताकना.
  • तकनी/क takni:k — (nf) technique.
तकनीकी -- technical.
तकनीकी जानकारी -- technicalknow-how.
  • तक़रार takra:r — (nf) an altercation, wrangling, quarrel.
  • तक़रीबन taqri:bān — (ind) approximately, nearly.
  • तक़रीर taqri:r — (nf) a speech, lecture.
  • तकला takla: — (nm) the spindle (of a spinning wheel).
  • तकली takli: — (nf) a small तकला (see); bobbin of cotton.
  • तकलीफ़ takli:f — (nf) trouble, distress; ailment.
तकलीफ़ में होना -- to be in trouble/distress.
  • तकल्लुफ़ takalluf — (nm) formality; meticulous observance of propriety or etiquette.
तकल्लुफ़ करना/में पड़ना -- to beformal, to observe formality, tostand upon ceremony.
  • तक़सीम taqsi:m — (nf) division; distribution.
  • तक़ाज़ा taqa:za: — (nm) dun, dunning; demand (of payment, one's due, etc.).
  • तका/र taka:r — (nm) the letter ta (त) and its sound.
तकारांत -- (word) ending in त् (t).
  • तक़ावी taqa:vi: — (nf) taccavi (loan), advance of money to cultivators.
  • तकिया takiya: — (nm) a pillow, bolster, cushion, abode of a Mohammedanhermit.
  • तकियाकलाम takiya:kala:m — (nm) a prop word, an expletive.
  • तकुआ takua: — (nm) a distaff, large-sized needle; chopper, spindle (ofa spinning wheel).
  • तक्र takkr — (nm) butter-milk.
  • तक्षक takshak — (nm) a kind of deadly serpent.
  • तख़मीना taḳḥmī:nā: — (nm) an estimate, assessment, valuation.
तख़मीना लगाना -- tomake an estimate.
  • तख़लिया taḳḥliya: — (nm) solitude, a state of being all alone.
  • तख़ल्लुस taḳḥallus — (nm) pen-name.
  • तख़्त ṭaḳḥt — (nm) a wooden structure of planks; throne.
तख़्तनशीन -- enthroned, installed on the throne.
तख़्तनशीनी -- enthronement, accessionto the throne.
तख़्त का तख़्ता हो जाना -- to have prosperity turned intoabsolute adversity, to be undone.
तख़्त या तख़्ता -- to win the horse or losethe saddle.
तख्ते-ताऊस -- the celebrated peacock throne of the Indian.
  • तख़्ता taḳḥta: — (nm) a plank; board.
तख़्ता उलटना/पलटना -- to bring about a coup; to suffer a coup; to fall/throw into adversity.
  • तख़्ती taḳḥti: — (nf) a small wooden plate; small board to write on.
  • तगड़ा tagṛa: — (a) strong, powerful, robust; hence तगड़ापन (nm).
तगड़ा पड़ना -- to prove more than a match, toprove stronger; to take a strongstand.
  • तगा taga: — (nm) thread.
  • तगा/दा taga:da: — (nm) see तक़ाज़ा.
तगादगीर -- one who calls for therecovery of his due.
  • तगारड़ taga:rṛ — (nm) a reservoir for mixing lime and mortar; a bighollow utensil.
  • तचना tachnā: — (v) to be heated/boiled (as milk); to be parched/scorched.
  • तज़किरा tazkira: — (nm) mention; discussion.
  • तजना tajnā: — (v) to abandon, to give up; to quit, to leave.
  • तजवीज़ tajvi:z — (nf) a proposal; suggestion; scheme.
  • तजुर/बा tajurba: — (nm) (an) experience; experiment.
तजुरबेकार -- experienced (person); hence तजुरबेकारी (nf).
  • तज्जनित tajjanit — (a) born thereof, resulting therefrom.
  • तज्जन्य tajjany — (a) possible therefrom; born thereof.
  • तट taṭ — (nm) a bank; coast, shore.
  • तटवर्ती taṭvarti: — (a) riverian; littoral; coastal, situated or located on the coast/bank.
  • तटस्थ taṭāsth — (a) neutral; objective; indifferent; situated on a bank/coast.
तटस्थता -- neutrality; objectivity; indifference, being situated on abank/coast etc.
तटस्थित -- see तटवर्ती.
तटस्थीकरण -- neutralisation, the act or process of impartingobjectivity/indifference.
तटस्थ रहना -- tosit on the fence, to be non-aligned, not to take sides.
  • तटी taṭi: — (nf) a river; bank.
  • तटीय taṭi:y — (a) coastal; riverian, pertaining to a bank.
तटीय व्यापार -- coastal trade.
  • तड़ taṛ — (nf) a crack, crackling noise (as of a slap).
तड़ से -- with a crack orsnap.
  • तड़क taṛak — (nf) the act or process of cracking; a crack mark; snap; split; fissure.
तड़क-भड़क -- ostentation, tawdry/tawdriness, pompousness.
  • तड़कना taṛaknā: — (v) to split with a crack, to crack, to crackle; to snap.
  • तड़का taṛka: — (nm) day-break, dawn; cracking noise; a snap; seasoning, heated oil or ghee in which spicesand onion, etc. are well-stirredand browned (to be administeredas a relish to pulses, etc.).
  • तड़तड़ा/ना taṛtaṛa:nā: — (v) to produce a cracking/crackling noise; tobreak with a crack; hence तड़तड़ाहट(nf).
  • तड़प taṛap — (nf) tossing or rolling about in agony; yearning; smart; restlessness, restivity; crack.
  • तड़पना taṛapnā: — (v) to toss or roll about restlessly or uneasily; towrithe in pain; to yearn (for), to smart; to crack; to be restive/restless.
  • तड़फड़ा/ना taṛphaṛa:nā: — (v) to (be in a) throe, to writhe in pain; hence तड़फड़ाहट (nf).
  • तड़ाक taṛa:k — (nf) a cracking sound, snap, loud report, sound of astroke or blow.
तड़ाक-फड़ाक -- at once; swiftly.
तड़ाक से -- with a loud report.
  • तड़ाका taṛa:ka: — (nm) a loud report; crack, snap.
  • तड़ातड़ taṛa:taṛ — (adv) with successive reports; with promptitude, instantaneously.
तड़ातड़ जवाब देना -- to answer back in quick succession/unhesitatingly/insolently.
तड़ातड़ पड़ना -- to be hit in quick succession.
  • तड़ित taṛit — (nf) the lightning.
तड़ित संवाद -- a flash.
  • तड़ी taṛi: — (nf) braggadocio; ascendancy, overbearing conduct, overbearingness; show of superiority.
तड़ीबाज़ -- braggadocio; braggart; making a show of superiority; hence तड़ीबाज़ी.
तड़ी देना -- to indulge inempty vaunting, to try to subdue, to hoodwink.
तड़ी मारना -- to give oneself airs; to do the grand.
तड़ी में आना -- to be taken in; to yield to braggadocio.
  • ततिम्मा tatimma: — (nm) an appendix, a supplement.
  • ततै/या tataiya: — (nf) a wasp.
ततैया काटना/ ततैये लगना -- to feel uneasy/restive.
  • तत् tat — (pro) that.
तत्पश्चात् -- thereafter.
तत्पुरुष -- (in Grammar) a variety of समास.
  • तत्का/ल tatka:l — (adv) forthwith, immediately, there and then.
तत्कालिक -- immediate, of the/that time, contemporaneous.
तत्कालीन -- belongingto that time, contemporaneous, contemporary.
  • तत्क्षण tatkshāṉ — (adv) that very moment, instantaneously.
  • तत्ताथेइ tatta:thei — (nf) a dancing strain.
  • तत्त्व tattv — (nm) an element; essence; principle; substance; factor; phenomenon; truth, reality.
तत्त्वज्ञ -- ametaphysician, one who has realisedthe Supreme Truth.
तत्त्व-ज्ञान -- metaphysical knowledge, the realisation of the Supreme Truth.
तत्त्वज्ञानी -- see तत्त्वज्ञ.
तत्त्व-दर्शन -- realisationof the Supreme Truth.
तत्त्वदर्शी -- onewho realises the Supreme Truth; one who can perceive the Truth.
तत्त्व-दृष्टि -- vision, truth-probing vision, insight.
तत्त्वनिष्ठ -- wedded to truth/essence.
तत्त्वमीमांसक -- metaphysicist.
तत्त्व-मीमांसा -- Metaphysics; elementism.
तत्त्वमीमांसीय -- metaphysical.
तत्त्वविद् -- see तत्त्वज्ञ.
तत्त्व-विद्या -- Metaphysics.
तत्त्ववेत्ता -- see तत्त्वज्ञ.
तत्त्व-शास्त्र -- see विद्या.
  • तत्त्वतः tattvtah — (ind) essentially, in essence, in reality.
  • तत्त्वांतरण tattva:ntarā:ṉ — (nm) transmutation.
  • तत्त्वावधान tattva:vdha:n — (nm) auspices, aegis.
तत्त्वावधान में, के -- under the auspices/aegis of.
  • तत्पर tatpar — (a) ready; devoted.
तत्परता -- readiness; devotedness.
  • तत्पाती tatpa:ti: — (a) fugacious.
  • तत्र tattr — (adv) there, in that place.
तत्रभवान -- His/Her Majesty, His/HerExcellency; His/Her Highness.
  • तत्सम tatsam — (nm and a) lit. same as that—a word of Sanskrit origin used as such in later languages.
  • तथा tatha: — (ind) and; so.
  • तथाकथित tatha:kathit — (a) so-called.
  • तथागत tatha:gat — (nm) a name of Lord Buddha.
  • तथापि tatha:pi — (ind) even so; still, yet, in spite of that.
  • तथास्तु tatha:stu — (ind) Be it so !.
  • तथ्य tatthy — (nm) reality; fact, factum.
तथ्यनिष्ठ -- factual, realistic; hence तथ्यनिष्ठता/ तथ्यनिष्ठा (nf).
तथ्यपरायण -- see तथ्यनिष्ठ; hence तथ्यपरायणता (nf).
तथ्यभाषी/वादी -- one who speaks thefact, true.
  • तथ्यतः tatthytah — (ind) de facto, ipso facto.
  • तदनंतर tadnāntar — (adv) thereafter, thereupon, consequently.
  • तदनुभूति tadanubhu:ti — (nf) empathy.
  • तदनुरू/प tadanuru:p — (a) identical; corresponding to, according to(that).
तदनुरूपी -- corresponding.
  • तदनुसार tadanusa:r — (ind) accordingly, according to that, corresponding.
  • तदपि tadapi — (ind) still, even then.
  • तदबीर tadbi:r — (nf) effort; means; device, contrivance.
  • तदर्थ tadarth — (a) ad hoc.
तदर्थ समिति -- ad hoc committee.
  • तदुपरांत taduparā:nt — (ind) consequently, thereafter.
  • तद् tad — an allomorph of तत् (meaning 'that') used in compounds.
तद्आकार / (तदाकार) / तद्रूप (तद्रूप) -- identical, having identical form.
तद्रूपता (तद्रूपता) -- identity, sameness, formal correspondence.
  • तद्भव tadbhav — (nm) words not exactly the same as original Sanskrit words but derived from them.
  • तन tan — (nm) body.
तन की तपन बुझाना -- to quench the thirst of one'sphysical needs, to attain physicalgratification.
तन बदन की सुध नरहना -- to transcend one's physicalbeing, to be beyond oneself.
तन-बदन में आग लगना -- to get one'sgoat.
तन-मन से -- wholeheartedly, with all physical and mentalresources.
तन-मन-धन से -- with allphysical, mental and materialresources.
तन-मन से सेवा करना -- toserve somebody hand and foot.
  • तनक़ीह tanqi:h — (nf) an issue.
तनक़ीह लगाना -- to frame issues.
  • तनख्वाह tanḳḥa:h — (nf) pay, salary.
तनख्वाहदार -- paid, salaried.
  • तनज़ेब tanzeb — (nf) superfine muslin.
  • तनज्जुली tanazzuli: — (nf) demotion; decline, fall.
  • तनतनाना tāntanā:nā: — (v) to snap at, to be in a fury, to be wrathfullyoutspoken.
  • तनना tannā: — (v) to be pulled tight; to be stretched full; to be pitched; to be upright; to run into a temper; to assume an air of affectation; to assume an uncompromising/unyielding posture.
तने रहना -- tobe ever in temper, to sulk, to becross.
  • तन/य tanay — (nm) a son; hence तनया (nf) a daughter.
  • तनहा tanha: — (a) alone, lonely, solitary.
तनहाई -- loneliness, solitude.
  • तना tanā: — (nf) a stem, trunk; bole.
  • तनातनी tanā:tanī: — (nf) a state of (mutual) tension, tenseness.
  • तनाव tana:v — (nm) tension, tenseness, strain; tautness.
तनाव की/तनावपूर्ण स्थिति -- tense situation.
  • तनिक tanik — (a) a little, slight.
तनिक अच्छा/आगे -- a cut above.
  • तनी tani: — (nf) a string or fastening of a garment.
तनीदार -- stringed, witha string around.
  • तनु tanu — (a) lean, tenuous, thin, slender, dilute.
  • तनु/ज tanuj — (nm) a son; hence तनुजा (nf) a daughter.
  • तनुता tanuta: — (nf) tenuousness, tenuity; leanness; delicacy; dilution.
  • तनू/करण tanū:karāṉ — (nm) attenuation, dilution; hence तनूकृत (a).
  • तन्मय tānmay — (a) identified (with); fully engrossed/absorbed (in).
तन्मयता -- complete identification; trance.
  • तन्यता tannyāta: — (nf) tensility.
  • तन्वंगी tannvāṅgi: — (a) tenuous, slim; delicate, of delicate frame; slender.
  • तन्वी tannvi — (a) see तन्वंगी.
  • तप tap — (nm) devout austerity, asceticism, self-mortification, penance.
  • तपकन tapkān — (nf) throbbing agony.
  • तपन tapān — (nm) heat; anguish; tingle, burning sensation (withinor without).
  • तपना tapnā: — (v) to be heated; to burn with pain or grief; to practiseself-mortification.
  • तपश्चर्या tapashcharya: — (nf) see तपस्या.
  • तपस्या tapassya: — (nf) penance, self-mortification; asceticism.
  • तपस्वी tapassvi: — (nm and a) an ascetic, devoutly austere (person), one who practises self-mortification; hence तपस्विनी (fem).
  • तपाक tapa:k — (nm) warmth; apparent cordiality; promptitude.
तपाक से -- withopen arms, cordially; with promptitude, instantaneously.
  • तपिश tapish — (nm) heat; mental anguish, affliction.
  • तपेदिक़ tapediq — (nf) tuberculosis.
  • तपो tapo — an allomorph of तपस् (see तप) used in compounds.
तपोधन -- lit. one whose sole capital is तप (स्या) (see)-an ascetic.
तपोनिष्ठ -- (one) devoted to penance.
तपोबल -- the power acquired throughpenance.
तपोभंग -- (causing) breachof ascetic practices.
तपोमय -- pertaining or given to penance orself-mortification.
तपोवन -- anascetic's grove, a grove whereascetics perform their religiousascetic activities.
तपोव्रत -- devoted/devotion to self-mortification.
  • तप्त tapt — (a) heated, warmed up; afflicted.
  • तफ़तीश tafti:sh — (nf) an investigation, probe.
  • तफ़रीह tafri:h — (nf) recreation, regalement, fun.
तफ़रीहन -- for fun/recreation.
  • तफ़सील tafsi:l — (nf) details; particulars.
  • तब tab — (adv) then, at that time; afterwards, thereafter, thereupon; consequently.
तब भी -- even then, evenso, in spite of this.
  • तबक़ा tabqa: — (nm) a class; status.
  • तबदील tabdi:l — (nf) change, alteration; exchange; (a) changed, altered; exchanged.
तबदील आबोहवा -- change of climate.
  • तबदीली tabdi:li: — (nf) change, alteration; transfer.
  • तबलची tabalchi: — (nm) a tabla-player.
  • तबला tabla: — (nm) small tambourine —a percussion musical instrument.
तबलावादक -- a tabla-player.
तबलावादन -- the act or process of playing on the tabla.
तबला खनकना/ठनकना -- the tabla to be played upon; amusical/dancing session to be inprogress.
  • तबादिला taba:dila: — (nm) transfer.
  • तबाह taba:h — (a) ruined, destroyed.
तबाह होना -- to come to grief, to meet with disaster.
  • तबाही taba:hi: — (nf) ruination, ruin, destruction.
तबाही मचाना -- to spellruination, to cause destruction/havoc.
  • तबिबीयत tabibi:yat — (nf) the state of (physical or mental) health; temperament, disposition; nature.
तबिबीयतदार -- large-hearted; hearty; of impulsive disposition; of keen sensibilities.
तबिबीयत आना -- tofall in love with, to fall for.
तबिबीयत का साफ़ -- a man of good faith, bonafide / clean / hearty person.
तबिबीयत गिरना -- condition to become worse.
तबिबीयत झक होना -- see तबिबीयत साफ़ होना.
तबिबीयत बिगड़ना -- to become indisposed, to feelsick; to be excited by.
तबिबीयत भर जाना -- to feel satiated, to be cloyedwith.
तबिबीयत मचलना -- to go wayward.
तबिबीयत लगना -- to feel at home.
तबिबीयत साफ़ होना -- to come to senses, to be restoredto one's true being, to be taught.
  • तबेला tabela: — (nm) a stable.
  • तभी tabhi: — (adv) at that moment, just at that time, just then; forthis reason.
  • तमंचा tamāṇcha: — (nm) a pistol, revolver.
तमंचा तानना -- to aim a pistolat.
  • तम tām — (nm) darkness; gloom; (fig.) ignorance.
  • तमकना tamaknā: — (v) to snap; to fly into a rage.
  • तमग़ा tamga: — (nm) a medal.
  • तमतमा/ना tamtamā:nā: — (v) the face to redden (with rage or heat); hence तमतमाहट (nf).
  • तमन्ना tamannā: — (nf) an aspiration, a longing.
  • तमस् tamas — (nm) the third of the three qualities incidental to creation or the state of humanity, viz.the quality of darkness or ignorance; darkness; ignorance.
  • तमस्सुक tamassuk — (nm) a promissory note.
  • तमाचा tamā:cha: — (nm) a slap.
तमाचा खाना -- to be slapped.
तमाचा जड़ना -- to plant a slap (on).
  • तमाम tamā:m — (a) all; whole, entire.
  • तमाल tama:l — (nm) a big evergreen tree —Xanthocymus pictorius.
  • तमाशबी/न tama:shbī:n — (nm) lit. a show-seer, an onlooker, a spectator; having a superficial mentality.
तमाशबीनी -- lit. show-seeing, the centringof interest on mere show aspector entertainment; entertainmentby show-seeing.
  • तमाशा tama:sha: — (nm) a show, spectacle; entertainment.
तमाशाई -- see तमाशबीन.
  • तमिल Tamil — (nf) the oldest of the four major south Indian languagesbelonging to the Dravidian family.
तमिलनाडु -- the South-Indian state ofTamilna:du.
  • तमिस्रा tamisra: — (nf) darkness; dark night.
  • तमीज़ tami:z — (nf) etiquette, decorum; discrimination.
तमीज़दार -- mannerly, decorous; having proper etiquette.
तमीज़ करना -- to discriminate, to distinguish (between).
  • तमोगुण tamogūṉ — (nm) one of the three qualities (viz. सतोगुण, रजोगुण, तमोगुण) incidental to creationor the state of humanity, thequality of darkness or ignorance.
  • तमोगुणी tamogūṉī: — (a) person in whom तमोगुण (see) predominates.
  • तमोमय tamōmay — (a) one in whom the element of तमस् (see) is predominant; dark; abounding in ignorance; wrathful.
  • तमोली tamoli: — (nm) a betel-seller.
  • तय tay — (a) decided, settled; fixed; covered.
तय करना -- to decide, to settle; to cover (as रास्ता).
  • तरंग tarāṅg — (nf) a wave, ripple; whim, caprice.
तरंग में होना -- to be onthe top of the world, to be in alight and pleasant mood.
  • तरंगायित tarāṅga:yit — (a) wavy, ripply; in a light and pleasant mood; fanciful.
  • तरंगित tarāṅgit — (a) waved, rippled, full of waves/ripples; fleeting, unsteady; (in a) fanciful (mood).
  • तरंगी tarāṅgi: — (a) whimsical, capricious; fanciful; unsteady.
  • तर tar — (a) wet, soaked; damp, dank; fresh; a suffix used to denotecomparative degree (as उच्चतर, महत्तर, बेहतर); rich (as food etc.तर तर माल).
तर-ब-तर -- soaked, drenched.
तर-ओ-ताज़ा -- freshed, refresh, revived.
तर करना -- to soak, to drench; torefresh.
  • तरकश tarkash — (nm) a quiver.
तरकशबंद -- equipped with a quiver.
  • तरकारी tarka:ri: — (nf) a vegetable (green or cooked).
  • तरकीब tarki:b — (nf) way, means; tact, contrivance, device.
तरकीब भिड़ाना/लड़ाना -- to find a way out, to work out astrategy.
तरकीब से काम लेना -- to handletactfully/with gloves.
  • तरक़्क़ी taraqqi: — (nf) progress; advancement, improvement; promotion; an increment.
तरक़्क़ीपसंद -- progressive.
  • तरजी/ह tarji:h — (nf) preference; priority.
तरजीही -- preferential; deserving priority.
  • तरजुमा tarjumā: — (nm) translation.
तरजुमान -- a translator.
तरजुमानी -- translation.
  • तरणि taraṉī — (nm) the sun; (nf) a boat.
  • तरतीब tarti:b — (nf) an order, arrangement.
तरतीबवार -- in (proper) order.
तरतीब देना -- to impart an order, to set in order.
  • तरद्दुद taraddud — (nf) botheration; headache, concern.
  • तरना tarnā: — (v) to cross (over); to attain salvation; to fulfil an obligation.
  • तरन्नुम tarannūm — (nm) modulation, rhythm.
  • तरफ़ taraf — (nf) side; direction; (adv) towards.
तरफ़दार -- partisan; partial; supporter.
तरफ़दारी -- the actof taking a side, backing; partisanship, partiality.
  • तरबू/ज़ज़ा tarbu:za: — (nm) a water-melon.
  • तरमीम tarmī:m — (nf) an amendment, a modification.
  • तरल taral — (a) fluid; fickle, unsteady; (nm) a liquid.
तरलक -- a thinner.
तरल पदार्थ -- a liquid.
  • तरलता taralta: — (nf) fluidity; fickleness.
  • तरस taras — (nf) compassion, pity.
तरस खाना -- to pity.
  • तरसना tarasnā: — (v) to pine for, to crave or long for.
  • तरह tareh — (nf) kind, sort; method way; likeness; allowance.
तरह का -- like, resembling.
तरह देना -- to belenient; to over-look, to passover, not to take due notice.
  • तराई tara:i: — (nf) foothill; curing (of concrete etc.); constant wetting/drenching.
  • तराज़ू tara:zu: — (nf) a balance, scales.
  • तराना tara:nā: — (nm) a song rhythmic musical composition using syllables.
  • तराबोर tara:bor — (a) drenched, soaked.
  • तरावट tara:vaṭ — (nf) coolness: freshness, dampness; verdure.
  • तराश tara:sh — (nf) cut, trim; mould, structure.
  • तराशना tara:shnā: — (v) to cut, to trim; to chisel; to pare; to fashion.
  • तरी tari: — (nf) coolness; dampness; freshness, verdure; curry; wealthiness, richness.
तरी होना -- to bemoneyed/wealthy.
  • तरी/क़ा tari:qa: — (nm) a method; mode way, manner; technique; tact.
तरीक़े का -- of a proper type/mould; reasonably good.
  • तरीन tari:n—a — suffix denoting superlative degree as बेहतरीन (the best).
कमतरीन -- (the lowest), etc.
  • तरु taru — (nm) a tree.
  • तरुण tarun — (a) young, youthful; (nm) a youth, youngman; hence तरुणी(nf).
  • तरुणाई taruṉa:i: — (nf) youth, young age.
  • तरुणिमा taruṉimā: — (nf) see तरूणाई.
  • तरेड़ tareṛ — (nm) a crack; crevice, shake.
  • तरेरना tarernā: — (v).
तरेरना-, आँखें -- to cast an admonishing glance, to lookobliquely.
  • तर्क tark — (nm) an argument, plea, contention; reason, reasoning; logic; abandonment, relinquishment.
तर्क वितर्क -- argumentation forand against, discussion.
तर्क शृंखला -- chain of argument.
तर्कसंगत -- logical; legitimate, justifiable, rational/reasonable.
तर्कसंगति -- justification; rationality/reasonableness; logicality.
तर्कहीन -- illogical, irrational, unreasoning.
तर्क करना -- to argue, to contend; to abandon, to relinquish.
  • तर्कना tarknā: — (nf) reasoning, arguing.
तर्कनावाद -- rationalism.
  • तर्कबुद्धि tarkbuddhi — (nf) reason, reasoning faculty; discursive intellect.
तर्कबुद्धिवाद -- rationalism; hence तर्कबुद्धिवादी( a, nm).
  • तर्कविद्या tarkaviddya: — (nf) (the science of) Logic.
  • तर्क/शास्त्र tarkasha:str — (nm) (the science of) Logic.
तर्कशास्त्री -- a logician.
तर्कशास्त्रीय -- logical, pertainingto Logic.
  • तर्काभास tarka:bha:s — (nm) fallacy, fallacious argument.
  • तर्कु tarku — (nm) see तकुआ.
  • तर्क्य tarky — (a) debatable, worth arguing about, disputable.
  • तर्ज़ tarz — (nf) tune (in music); style, fashion; mode.
  • तर्ज/न, तर्जना tarjan — (nm), तर्ज{nā:} (nf) rebuke, reproof, snubbing.
  • तर्जनी tarjanī: — (nf) the fore-finger, trigger-finger.
  • तर्जुमा tarjumā: — (nm) see तरजुमा.
  • तर्पण tarpāṉ — (nm) gratification; libation of water to deceased ancestors or the manes.
  • तर्रार tarra:r — (a) used as the second member in the compound तेज़-तर्रार (see).
  • तल tal — (nm) the bottom; under part; surface, floor.
तलस्पर्शी -- goingdeep, profound.
  • तलक talak — (ind) to, up to, till, until; even.
  • तल/ख़ talaḳḥ — (a) bitter; acrid.
तलख़ी -- bitterness; acridity.
  • तलछट talchhaṭ — (nf) the sediment, dregs.
  • तलना talnā: — (v) to fry.
  • तलफ़्फ़ुज़ talaffuz — (nm) pronunciation.
  • तलब talab — (nf) an urge, craving; salary, wages.
तलबगार -- desirous (of), seeking.
तलबनामा -- summons.
तलब करना -- to summon, to send for.
तलब होना -- tofeel the urge for.
  • तलबाना talba:nā: — (nm) summon-charges, fee paid for the serviceof summons.
  • तलबी talbi: — (nf) summons, order to appear before.
  • तल/वा talva: — (nf) sole of the foot.
तलवे चाटना -- to fawn upon, to lickthe boots of, to indulge in servileflattery.
तलवे चाटने वाला -- kingCharles' spaniel.
तलवे सहलाना -- toflatter, to blandish, to indulgein servile flattery.
  • तलवार talwa:r — (nf) a sword, sabre.
तलवार का धनी -- a heroic swordsman.
तलवार की आँच -- the flash/fierceness of the sword.
तलवार की धार -- most hazardouspath.
तलवार के घाट उतारना -- to put tothe sword, to put to death.
तलवार केज़ोर से -- through blood and iron, through relentless use of force.
तलवार खींच लेना/घुमाना -- to unsheath/brandish a sword.
तलवार सूँतना -- tobrandish a sword.
तलवार से मक्खी मारना -- to break butterfly on wheel.
  • तलहटी talehṭi: — (nf) foothill; sub-mountain region.
  • तला tala: — (nm) the bottom; sole (of a shoe); base; floor; keel (of aboat); lower/under side.
  • तलाक़ tala:q — (nm) divorce.
तलाक़नामा -- agreement for divorce.
तलाक़शुदा -- .
  • तलाश tala:sh — (nf) search, quest.
  • तलाशना tala:shnā: — (v) to search, to go in quest (of).
  • तलाशी tala:shi: — (nf) search.
तलाशी देना -- to allow/cause to be searched.
तलाशी लेना -- to make/carry out a search.
  • तली tali: — (nf) the bottom; sole (of a shoe).
  • तले tale — (ind) below; under; beneath.
तले ऊपर -- one over the other; one succeeding the other.
तले की दुनियाऊपर होना -- the world to be turnedupside down; the world to undergo radical changes.
  • तल्ख़ talḳḥ — (a) see तलख़.
तल्खॣ -- see तलख़ी.
  • तल्ला talla: — (nm) a storey; floor, sole (of a shoe etc.).
  • तल्लीन tallī:n — (a) immersed (in); deeply involved (in); identifiedwith; engrossed (in).
तल्लीनता -- deepinvolvement; concentration; thestate of being one with.
  • तवक़्क़ो tavaqqo — (nf) expectation.
तवक़्क़ो रखना -- to expect.
तवक़्क़ो होना, किसी से -- to be expected of (somebody).
  • तवज्जो tavajjo — (nf) heed, attention.
तवज्जो दिलाना -- to draw attention to.
तवज्जो देना -- to pay heed/attention to.
  • तवा tava: — (nm) a griddle, an iron plate for baking bread; a gramophone record; small plate or shardin a चिलम on which tobacco isplaced; a chest shield (used bywarriors).
तवा सिर से बाँधना -- to beready to face blows/hardships.
तवे की बूँद -- a drop over the fryingpan, (something) destined to disappear instantly.
  • तवाज़ा tava:za: — (nf) see ख़ातिर.
  • तवायफ़ tava:yaf — (nf) a prostitute, harlot, dancing girl.
  • तवारीख़ tava:ri:ḳḥ — (nf) plural form of तारीख—date; history.
  • तवालत tava:lat — (nf) botheration, trouble.
तवालत मोल लेना -- to ask for/ownup trouble.
  • तशरीफ़ tashri:f — (nf) a term signifying honour and respect, seldom used except with verbs like रखना, लाना, ले जाना; welcome appearance, advent, coming.
तशरीफ़ का टोकरा -- saidin a lighter jocular vein तशरीफ़ (one's) being.
तशरीफ़ रखना -- to be seated.
तशरीफ़ लाना -- to grace (an occasion or a place) by coming, to come.
तशरीफ़ ले जाना -- todepart, to go.
  • तश्तरी tashtari: — (nf) a plate; tray.
तश्तरी, उड़न -- flying saucer.
  • तसकीन taski:n — (nf) solace, consolation; satisfaction.
  • तसदीक़ tasdi:q — (nf) verification; attestation; confirmation.
तसदीक़ करना -- to verify, to attest; to confirm.
  • तसफ़िया tasfiya: — (nm) a settlement, reconciliation.
  • तसबीह tasbi:h — (nf) a rosary.
  • तसमा tasmā: — (nm) a leather-strap; tab.
  • तसला tasla: — (nm) a shallow pan.
  • तसलीम taslī:m — (nf) admission, confession; salutation, greeting, responsive greeting.
तसलीम करना -- to admit, to confess.
  • तसल्ली tasalli: — (nf) satisfaction; patience; consolation.
तसल्लीबख्श -- satisfactory.
तसल्ली देना -- to console.
तसल्ली रखना -- to have patience.
तसल्ली से -- patiently.
  • तसवीर tasvi:r — (nm) a picture, portrait; image.
  • तसव्वुफ़ tasavvuf — (nm) Sufism; Spiritualism.
  • तसू tasu: — (nm) a unit of measure (esp. used in the context of building work).
  • तस्कर taskar — (nm) a smuggler.
तस्करवृत्ति -- smuggling, a smuggler's profession.
  • तस्करी taskari: — (nf) the act, process.
  • तह teh — (nf) a layer; fold; bottom.
तहख़ाना -- a basement, subterranean/underground vault, cell/cellar.
तह-ब-तह -- one fold/layer over theother.
तह-ए-दिल से -- from the core ofthe heart, earnestly.
तह तक पहुँचना -- to get to the bottom of.
तह में जाना -- to go behind somebody's words, to delve deep into.
  • तहक़ी/क़, तहक़ीक्रात tehqi:q, ~a:t — (nf) an enquiry, investigation, probe.
  • तहज़ीब tehzī:b — (nf) civilization; manners.
तहज़ीबयाफ़्ता -- civilised.
  • तहत tehat — (ind.) under.
  • तहबंद tehband — (nm) a long strip (often striped) of cotton or silkworn by man round the waist, asarong; (a) folded, arranged infolds/layers.
  • तहबंदी tehbandi: — (nf) folding, arrangement in layers; flake.
  • तहमद tehmad — (nm) see तहबंद (nm).
  • तहरी tehri: — (nf) a preparation of rice cooked with vegetables etc.
  • तहरी/र tehri:r — (nf) writing; anything written.
तहरीरी -- written.
तहरीरी सबूत -- documentary evidence.
  • तहलका tehalka: — (nm) turmoil, commotion, agitation, havoc, schemozzle.
तहलका मचाना -- to cause a commotion/havoc.
  • तहस-नहस tehas-nēhas — (a) ruined, devastated, destroyed.
तहस-नहस करना -- toruin; to devastate, to destroy.
  • तहसील tehsi:l — (nf) tehsil—an administrative sub-division of a district; the office or court of atehsildar.
  • तहसील/दार tehsilda:r — (nm) a tahsildar—revenue officer in command of a tehsil; sub-collector of revenue.
तहसीलदारी -- the office or functionof a tehsildar.
  • तहाँ tahā: — (adv) there, at that place.
  • तहाना taha:nā: — (v) to arrange in folds, to fold up; to wrap.
  • ताँगा tā:ga: — (nm) a Tonga.
ताँगावाला -- a tonga-driver.
  • तांडव tā:ṉḍav — (nm) a violent (manly) dance-form; the mythologicalannihilatory dance of Lord Shiv; also तांडव नृत्य.
  • ताँत tā:t — (nf) a string gut, catgut.
  • ताँता tā:ta: — (nm) a series, succession, train; influx.
ताँता टूटना -- the chain tobe broken.
ताँता बँधना/लगना -- to havean unbroken chain; a non-stopinflux.
  • तांत्रि/क tā:ntrik — (nm) a practitioner of तंत्र; (a) pertaining to तंत्र.
तांत्रिकीय -- pertaining to or related with a तांत्रिक or तंत्रविद्या.
  • ताँबा tā:ba: — (nm) copper.
  • तांबूल tā:mbu:l — (nm) a betel.
  • ता ta: — (ind) till, until, up to; a suffix used to form abstract nouns fromadjectives (as सुंदरता, मधुरता etc.).
ताउम्र -- throughout life.
ताज़िदगी -- tillthe end of life.
  • ताई ta:i: — (nf) father's elder brother's (ताऊ's) wife.
  • ताईद ta:i:d — (nf) support.
ताईद करना -- to second, to support.
  • ताऊ ta:u: — (nm) father's elder brother.
  • ताऊन ta:u:n — (nm) plague; epidemic.
  • ताक ta:k — (nf) look out; nominal form of the verb ताकना (see).
ताक-झाँक -- see under ताकना.
  • ताक़ ta:q — (nm) a niche.
ताक़ पर धरना /रखना -- to set aside (for later use), to defer.
  • ताक़त ta:qat — (nf) power, force, strength, might.
ताक़त आज़भाई -- trial ofstrength.
  • ताक़त/वर ta:qatvar — (a) powerful, strong, mighty; hence ताक़तवरी (nf).
  • ताकना ta:knā: — (v) to stare, to gaze, to watch intently; to view.
ताकझाँक -- casting of stealthy glances.
  • ताकि ta:ki — (ind) so that, in order that.
  • ताक़ीद ta:qi:d — (nf) an instruction; caution.
  • तागा ta:ga: — (nm) thread.
  • ताज ta:j — (nm) crown; diadem.
ताजदार -- crowned; king.
ताजपोशी -- enthronement, installation on the throne.
  • ताज़गी ta:zgi: — (nf) freshness; newness.
  • ताज़ा ta:za: — (a) fresh; new; recent.
ताज़ादम -- fresh.
ताज़ा समाचार -- late news.
  • ताज़ि/या ta:ziya: — (nm) a replica of the shrines of Hasan and Hussain(taken out in a procession on theoccasion of Muharram).
ताज़िए-ठंडेहोना -- lit. the burying of the ताज़िया —the tide of plenty to ebb out; all enthusiasm to subside.
  • ताज़ीरात ta:zi:ra:t — (nm).
ताज़ीरात-ए-हिन्द -- the Indian Penal Code.
  • ताज्जुब ta:jjub — (nm) wonder, astonishment.
  • ताड़ ta:ṛ — (nm) the palmyra tree, palm, toddy tree.
ताड़पत्र -- palmyraleaf.
  • ताड़ना ta:ṛnā: — (nf) admonition, rebuke; punishment; (v) to admonish; to guess, to smell, to perceive the reality in a flash.
  • ताड़ी ta:ṛi: — (nf) toddy, fermented juice of palm tree.
  • तात ta:t — (nm) any venerable person; father; an address to anyone whois dear and younger.
  • ताताथेई ta:ta:thei: — (nf) see तत्ताथेई.
  • तातील ta:ti:l — (nf) a holiday; vacation.
  • तात्कालिक ta:tka:lik — (a) instantaneous; immediate; pertaining to a certain period of time or moment.
  • तात्त्विक ta:ttvik — (a) elemental, elementary, fundamental; essential; substantial; hence तात्त्विकता (nf).
  • तात्पर्य ta:tpary — (nm) purport, meaning; design; spirit.
  • तादात्म्य ta:da:tmy — (nm) identity; identification, unity, oneness.
  • तादाद ta:da:d — (nf) number, count.
  • तादृश ta:ddrish — (a) like that, such like; hence तादृशता (nf).
  • तान tā:n — (nf) a musical note; fast rhythmic movement; tone; stay.
तानता -- tonicity.
तान छेड़ना -- to strike upa melodious tune; to commence adisagreeable talk/an unending talk.
  • तानना tā:nnā: — (v) to stretch, to spread; to tighten; to erect; tobrandish (a sword, stick, etc.).
तानकर सोना, (लंबी) -- to enjoy a care-free sleep.
  • तानपूरा ta:npu:ra: — (nm) an accompanying stringed instrument.
  • ताना tā:nā: — (nm) a taunt, sarcasm, gibe; the warp.
ताना-बाना -- warp andwoof; the whole structure.
तानारीरी -- discordant note, useless talk.
ताना देना/ताना मारना -- to taunt, to gibe.
  • तानाशा/ह tā:nā:sha:h — (nm) a dictator.
तानाशाही -- dictatorship; dictatorial conduct.
  • ताने/बाज़ ta:neba:z — (nm) one who makes taunting/sarcastic remarks.
तानेबाज़ी -- taunting, sarcasm, ironicalutterances.
  • ताप ta:p — (nm) heat; temperature; pyrexia, fever; affliction, mentalagony; (a) thermal.
तापक्रम -- temperature scale.
तापग्राही -- thermoreceptor.
ताप-तरंग -- heat-wave.
तापत्रय -- the tripleaffliction i.e. physical (दैहिक), divine (दैविक) and mundane( भौतिक).
तापमान -- temperature.
तापमान चित्र -- temperature map.
तापमापी -- a thermometer.
तापमिति -- thermometry.
तापलेखी -- thermometrograph.
  • तापक ta:pak — (nm) a heater.
  • तापना ta:pnā: — (v) to heat or to warm oneself or something.
  • तापस ta:pas — (nm) see तपस्वी.
  • तापीय ta:pi:y — (a) thermal.
  • ताफ़्ता ta:fta: — (nm) a kind of fine glossy silken cloth.
  • ताब ta:b — (nf) courage, cheek.
ताब न लाना -- not to have the courage/cheek to.
ताब लाना -- to muster courage to.
  • ताबड़तोड़ ta:baṛtoṛ — (adv) in rapid succession, non-stop, incessantly; forthwith.
  • ताबूत ta:bu:t — (nm) a coffin.
  • ताबे ta:be — (a) subservient, subordinate.
ताबेदार -- obedient, servile attendant.
ताबेदारी -- servility, servitude.
  • तामचीनी tā:mchi:nī: — (nf) enamelware; enamel.
  • तामझाम ta:mjha:m — (nm) originally, an open sedate chair or palanquin—paraphernalia.
  • तामलोलेट ta:mloeṭ — (nm) a wide metal tumbler (gen. used in thelatrine).
  • तामस ta:mās — (nm) see तमोगुण.
  • तामसिक tā:msik — (a) pertaining to, related with or inspired by तमोगुण(see).
  • तामी/र ta:mi:r — (nf) construction, building work.
तामीरी -- structural, pertaining to construction.
  • तामील ta:mī:l — (nf) carrying out, implementation (of an order); service (of summons etc.).
  • ताम्र tā:mmr — (nm) copper.
ताम्रकार -- a coppersmith.
ताम्र पट्ट -- a copper plate(used in olden times for documentation or inscription of edicts etc.).
ताम्र-पत्र -- see ताम्र-पट्ट.
ताम्र-पात्र -- copperware.
ताम्र-युग -- aenolithic.
ताम्र-पाषाण युग -- chalcolithic.
  • ताया ta:ya: — (nm) see ताऊ.
  • तार ta:r — (nm) a wire; thread; fibre; chord; string; telegram; series, non-stop sequence; order; (a) highpitched.
तारकश -- a wire-maker.
तारकशी -- a kind of needlework; soft lustrous thread used forneedlework.
तार स्वर -- high-pitchednote.
तार-कुतार होना -- things to goastray/out of order, disorder toprevail.
तार-तार करना -- to shred; toreduce to shreds.
तार-तार होना -- to be reduced to shreds.
तार न टूटना -- sequencenot to be broken, order to be retained.
तार बिगड़ना -- things to get confused/disturbed, to go into disarray.
  • तारक ta:rak — (nm) a star; asterisk.
तारक-चिन्ह -- asterisk mark.
  • तारकीय ta:rki:y — (a) stellar.
  • तारकोल ta:rkol — (nm) tar, coal-tar, tarmac.
  • तारघर ta:rghar — (nm) a telegraph office.
  • तारतम्य ta:rtammy — (nm) harmony, harmonious relationship (ofthings); sequence, ascending ordescending order.
  • तारत्व ta:rattv — (nm) pitch (of sound notes); loudness.
  • तारना ta:rnā: — (v) to cause to cross over; to deliver, to free frombondage.
  • तारपीन ta:rpī:n — (nm) turpentine.
तारपीन का तेल -- turpentine oil.
  • तारांकित ta:rā:ṅkit — (a) starred.
तारांकित प्रश्न -- starred question.
  • तारा ta:ra: — (nm) a star: pupil (of the eye).
ताराकार -- stellate.
ताराकृति -- stellate.
तारागण -- congregation of stars.
तारामंडल -- constellation.
तारे गिनना -- lit. tocount the stars—to keep awakethe whole night; not to have ablink throughout the night.
तारे -- .
  • तारिका ta:rika: — (nf) a small star; cine-actress.
  • तारीख़ ta:ri:ḳḥ — (nf) a date; an appointed day; history.
तारीख़वार -- date-wise.
तारीख़ी -- historical.
तारीख़ टलना -- adate; to be postponed.
तारीख़ डालना -- todate, to give a date.
तारीख़ पड़ना -- adate to be fixed.
  • तारीफ़ ta:ri:f — (nf) praise; definition, description; introduction.
तारीफ़ ?, आपकी -- may I know your name ? may I have the privilege of your introduction ?.
तारीफ़ के पुल बाँधना -- to singthe praises of, to shower encomiums on.
  • तारु/ण्य ta:rūṉṉy — (nm) youth, youthfulness; young age, age of puberty.
तारुण्यागम -- advent of youth; puberty.
  • तार्किक ta:rkik — (a) logical; (nm) a logician.
  • ताल ta:l — (nm) a pond, pool, tank; a musical measure; rhythm, rhythmiccycle; see ताड़; slapping with thepalm the inner side of the thighas a gesture of challenge or defiance.
तालता -- rhythmicity.
ताल पत्र -- palmleaf; palmyra leaf.
तालबद्ध -- rhythmic(al).
तालबद्ध ता -- rhythmicity.
ताल-बेताल -- inharmonious; discordant, out oftune.
तालमखाना -- the seed of SolanumIndicum.
तालवन -- a palmyra forest.
तालवृंत -- palm-leaf.
ताल ठोकना -- to slapthe inner side of the thigh as agesture of defiance or challenge(in wrestling).
ताल देना -- to chime, tocorrespond to a musical notewith snapping, clapping or foot-work.
ताल पर नाचना, (किसी की) -- todance to the tune of.
ताल से बेताल होना -- to slip out of tune, to strikea discordant note.
  • तालमेल ta:lmel — (nm) co-ordination; concordance, harmony, agreement.
तालमेल खाना -- to be in agreement; to bewell co-ordinated.
तालमेल बिठाना -- to co-ordinate, to bring into harmony.
  • तालव्य ta:lavvy — (a) palatal (sound etc.).
  • ताला ta:la: — (nm) a lock.
तालाबंदी -- a lock-out.
ताला जड़ना/ठोकना/मारना -- to lock.
  • तालाब ta:la:b — (nm) a tank, pool.
  • तालिका ta:lika: — (nf) a list; key; table, schedule.
तालिकाबद्ध करना -- to arrangein a tabular form.
  • तालिब ta:lib — (nm) a pupil; (a) desirous (of).
तालिबइल्म -- a student, pupil, seeker after knowledge.
  • ताली ta:li: — (nf) a key; clapping (of hands).
ताली एक हाथ से नहीं बजती -- ittakes two to make a quarrel.
ताली पिट जाना -- to get the goose, to gethissed on the stage; kentisth fire.
ताली पीटना -- lit. to clap—by way ofderision; to mock at.
ताली बजना -- lit.to have clapping—by way ofapprobation, to be applauded; tohave clapping by way of derisionor condemnation.
  • ताली/म ta:li:m — (nf) education.
तालीमी -- educational, academic.
  • ता/लु, तालू ta:lu, ~lu: — (nm) the palate.
ता चटकना/सूखना -- lit. the palate to be dried up—to be very thirsty.
ता सेजीभ न लगाना -- never to be quiet, togo on chattering.
  • ताव ta:v — (nm) heat; huffiness, rage, anger; overflow of passion; tempo; sheet (of paper).
ताव आना -- to runinto a temper, to be infuriated; to be adequately heated.
ताव खाना -- to take a huff, to get up steam.
  • तावान ta:vā:n — (nm) penalty, damage, recompense.
  • तावीज़ ta:vi:z — (nm) an amulet, talisman.
  • ताश ta:sh — (nm, also nf) playing cards.
ताश की गड्डी -- a pack of cards.
  • तासीर ta:si:r — (nf) effect; property.
  • तास्सु/ब ta:ssub — (nm) bigotry, fanaticism, religious prejudice.
तास्सुबी -- fanatic, bigot.
  • ताहम ta:hām — (ind) even so, in spite of this.
  • ति ti — an allomorph of तीन used in compounds, e.g. तिगुना/तिकोना, etc.
  • तिकड़/म tikṛām — (nf) manoeuvre, manipulation; expedient measures; unfair means.
तिकड़मी -- manoeuvring, manipulating; (nm) an adeptin manoeuvring/manipulation.
तिकड़ भिड़ाना/लड़ाना -- to manipulate, tomake a manoeuvring effort.
  • तिकड़ी tikṛi: — (nf) a trio, a group of three.
  • तिकोन tikōn — (nf) a triangle; (a) triangular, three-cornered.
  • तिकोना tikonā: — (a) triangular, three-cornered.
  • तिक्की tikki: — (nf) a playing card having three pips.
  • तिक्त tikt — (a) acrid; pungent.
तिक्तता -- acridity; pungency.
  • तिखूँटा tikhū:ṭa: — (a) having three ends or corners.
  • तिगुना tiguna: — (a) three times, three-fold, triple.
  • तिग्गी tiggi: — (nf) see तिक्की.
  • तिजार/त tija:rat — (nf) commerce, trade.
तिजारती -- commercial.
  • तिजारी tija:ri: — (nf) tertian ague, intermittent fever occurring everythird day.
  • तिजोरी tijori: — (nf) an iron safe/chest.
  • तिड़ी tiṛi: — (nf) see तिक्की; cheating, swindling.
तिड़ीबाज़ -- a swindler.
तिड़ीबाज़ी -- swindling.
तिड़ी-बिड़ी -- helter-skelter, disequilibrium.
तिड़ी करना -- to swindle; to cause to disappear, to makeaway with.
तिड़ी भूल जाना -- to bethrown out of wits, to be non-plussed.
तिड़ी होना -- to flee.
तिड़ी-बिड़ी होना -- to be scattered, to be thrownhelter-skelter; to be thrown in astate of disequilibrium.
  • तितर-बितर titar-bitar — (a) scattered; dispersed; diffused.
  • तितली titli: — (nf) a butterfly; (fig.) glamour girl.
  • तिति/क्षा titiksha: — (nf) endurance, patience; hence तितिक्षु (a).
  • तितिम्मा titimmā: — (nm) a supplement; an appendix.
  • तिथि tithi: — (nf) a date.
तिथित -- dated.
  • तिदरी tidari: — (nf) a three-door verandah.
  • तिनका tinka: — (nm) a straw.
तिनका तोड़ना -- lit. to break a straw—to safeguarda dear one against an evil eye.
तिनका दाँतों में दबाना/पकड़ना -- to beg formercy.
तिनका तक न टालना/तोड़ना/हिलाना -- not to lift/stir even a finger, notto do a hand's turn.
तिनके कासहारा, डूबते को -- a drowning mancatches at a straw.
तिनके का सहारालेना -- to hang on by the eyelids.
तिनके की ओट पहाड़ -- lit. a hill hiddenbehind a straw—a big secrethidden under an apparent trifle.
  • तिपाई tipa:i — (nf) a tripod.
  • तिबारा tiba:ra: — (ind) for the third time; (nm) a three-door verandah.
  • तिब्ब tibb — (nm) the Yunani system.
  • तिब्ब/त tibbat — (nm) Tibet.
तिब्बती -- Tibetan.
  • तिब्बिया tibbiya: — (a) pertaining to तिब्ब (see).
  • तिमाही tima:hi: — (a) quarterly.
  • तिमिर timir — (nm) darkness.
तिमिरमय -- dark, full of darkness.
  • तिरंगा tirāṅga: — (a) tri-coloured; (nm) the tri-colour flag.
तिरंगा झंडा -- tri-coloured flag.
  • तिरकट tirkaṭ — (nm) foresail; foreyard.
  • तिरखान tirkhā:n — (nm) a carpenter.
  • तिरछा tirchha: — (a) slanting; oblique; skew.
तिरछापन -- slant, obliquinty, skewness.
तिरछी नज़र -- slantingglance, amorous look.
  • तिरछाव tirchha:v — (nm) slant, obliquity, skewness.
  • तिरछौहाँ tirchhāuhā: — (a) having slight slant, slandicular.
  • तिरता tirta: — (a) afloat.
  • तिरना tirnā: — (v) to float.
  • तिरपाल tirpa:l — (nf) tarpaulin; dodger, awning.
  • तिर/स्कार tiraska:r — (nm) contempt, slight, opprobrium; disregard, disrespect.
तिरस्कृत -- disregarded, insulted; reproached; condemned.
  • तिरानबे tira:nbe — (a) ninety-three; (nm) the number ninety-three.
  • तिरासी tira:si — (a) eighty-three; (nm) the number eighty-three.
  • तिराहा tira:ha: — (nm) a junction of three roads/paths.
  • तिरिया tiriya: — (nf) a woman.
तिरिया चरित्तर -- a woman's wiles/mysterious ways.
  • तिरेसठ tiresaṭḥ — (a) sixty-three; (nm) the number sixty-three.
  • तिरोधान tirodhā:n — (nm) disappearance, ceasing to be visible.
  • तिरोभाव tirobha:v — (nm) see तिरोधान.
  • तिरोभूत tirobhu:t — (a) see तिरोहित.
  • तिरोहित tirohit — (a) disappeared, vanished; rendered/become invisible.
  • तिरौंदा tirāūda: — (nm) a float.
  • तिर्यक् tiryak — (a) slanting, oblique; crooked; (ग्) तिर्यक् योनि the aves.
तिर्यक् रूप -- an oblique form.
  • तिलंगा tilāṅga: — (nm) a native soldier.
  • तिल til — (nf) sesamum (plant and its seed); a mole; pupil (of the eye); small particle; the least bit.
तिलकुट -- a kind of sweetmeat preparedfrom तिल and sugar or gur.
तिलचट्टा -- a cockroach.
तिल का ताड़ करना -- tomake a mountain of a mole.
तिल की ओट पहाड़ -- a mountain hidden underneath a mole-hill.
तिल तिल करके -- by small bits; by inches.
तिल धरनेकी जगह न होना -- to be packed full, not to have an iota of space.
तिल भर -- just a bit.
तिल भर का अंतर -- within an ace of, hair's breadth.
तिलों में तेल न होना -- to be dry andstingy; to yield nothing worth-while.
  • तिलक tilak — (nm) an ornamental or religious mark over the forehead(signifying installation on thethrone or engagement etc.); avermilion or sandal mark (over the forehead); the most eminentmember (of a class, clan, dynasty, etc. as रघुकुलतिलक); commentary (of a text).
  • तिलमि/लाना tilmila:nā: — (v) to be in the grip of impotent anger; towrithe in agitation, to be painfully restless; to be dazzled; hence तिलमिलाहट (nf), तिलमिली (nf).
  • तिल/स्म tilasm — (nm) magic, magical spell; talisman.
तिलस्मी -- magical; miraculous; talismanic.
तिलस्म तोड़ना -- to break a magical spell, to expose the reality underneath amagical proposition, to expose amyth.
  • तिलहन tilhān — (nm) oilseed.
  • तिलांजलि tilā:ṇjali — (nf) originally तिलांजलि a handful of water mixed withsesamum seeds offered to themanes or deceased ancestors—now, bidding a final good-bye, giving up, abandonment.
तिलांजलि देना -- to bid good-bye, to give up, toabandon.
  • तिला tila: — (nm) an aphrodisiac oil/ointment; drawn gold.
  • तिल्ली tilli: — (nf) spleen; Niger; a fanlight.
  • तिवारी tiva:ri: — (nm) a sub-caste of the Bra:hmaṉs.
  • तिस tis — (pro) the singular oblique form of सो.
तिस पर -- then, after that, even so; moreover, besides.
  • तिहत्तर tihattar — (a) seventy-three; (nm) the number seventy-three.
  • तिहरा tihra: — (a) triple, triplicate; threefold.
  • तिहाई tiha:i — (a) one-third.
  • तीक्ष्ण tikshṉ — (a) sharp; keen; pungent; intelligent; penetrating.
तीक्ष्णदृष्टि -- (endowed with) keen/penetrating vision; of keen observation.
तीक्ष्णबुद्धि -- nimble-witted, keenly intelligent; keen intelligence.
  • तीक्ष्णता tikshṉāta: — (nf) sharpness, keenness, pungency; intelligence; penetration.
  • तीखा ti:kha: — (a) sharp; pungent; harsh; high-pitched.
तीखापन -- sharpness; pungency; harshness; highpitchedness.
तीखे नाक-नक़्श/नैन-नक़्श -- sharp (facial) features.
  • तीज ti:j — (nf) the third day of the fortnight (in a lunar calendar); a festival held on the third day of the lunar fortnight in the monthof सावन.
  • तीतर ti:tar — (nm) a partridge.
  • तीन tī:n — (a) three; (nm) the number three.
तीन चार -- three or four.
तीन-पाँच -- tricks, foul play; squabble.
तीन तिलंगे -- three musketeers.
तीन और छह कारिश्ता -- heading towards oppositedirections, perpetual opponents.
तीन-तेरह होना -- to dissipate, to go intodisarray, to be scattered.
तीन-पाँच करना -- to squabble; to dilly-dally; to playtricks, to dodge.
तीन में न तेरह में -- asmall fry; (a person) of no significance, not taken into accountat all; to be on the fence.
तीन लोकंसे मथुरा न्यारी -- to have no parallel, to be unique.
  • तीमारदा/र ti:ma:rda:r — (nm) an attendant; a person attending on a patient.
तीमारदारी -- attending on or nursing (a patient).
  • तीरंदा/ज ti:rānda:z — (nm) an archer.
तीरंदाज़ी -- archery, skill in shootingarrows.
  • तीर ti:r — (nm) an arrow; a shaft; bank, shore.
तीरवर्ती/स्थ -- situated onthe bank/shore, coastal.
तीर कमान से निकल चुका है -- lit. the arrow isshot—the die is cast, what isdone cannot be undone.
तीर की तरह जाना -- to make a beehive to, to gostraight at full speed.
तीर ठिकाने/निशाने पर बैठना/लगना -- to hit the mark.
तीर या तुक्का -- see लगे तो तीर नहीं तो तुक्का.
  • तीर्थंकर ti:rthāṅkar — (nm) the twenty-four leading religious preceptors of Jainism, the last of them beingLord Maha:vi:r.
  • तीर्थ ti:rth — (nm) a place of pilgrimage; sacred place.
तीर्थ यात्रा -- pilgrimage.
तीर्थयात्री -- a pilgrim.
तीर्थराज -- an epithet of Praya:g (Allahabad)—considered to be the most pre-eminent of all the places of pilgrimage.
  • तीर्थाटन ti:rtha:ṭan — (nm) pilgrimage.
  • तीली ti:li: — (nf) a spoke; matchstick.
  • तीव्र ti:vvr — (a) fast; pungent; high, high pitched; sharp; violent.
  • तीव्रता ti:vvrata: — (nf) fastness; pungency; high-pitchedess; sharpness; violence; intensity; virulence.
  • तीस ti:s — (a) thirty; (nm) the number thirty.
तीसमार खाँ -- a sham hero.
तीसोंदिन -- all the time, ever.
  • तीसरा ti:sra: — (a) (the) third.
तीसरा पहर -- afternoon.
तीसरे -- thirdly.
  • तीसी ti:si: — (nm) linseed.
  • तुंग tūṅg — (a) high; tall.
तुंगता -- altitude, height.
  • तुंगिमा tūṅgimā: — (nf) the state or quality of being high/tall; height.
  • तुंड tūṉḍ — (nm) trunk (of an elephant); snout.
  • तुंद tund — (nf) belly.
  • तुंदिल tundil — (a) paunchy, pot-bellied; hence तुंदिलता (nf).
  • तुंदी tundi: — (nf) the navel.
  • तुँदैला tūdaila: — (a) paunchy, abdominous, having a big bulging belly.
  • तुंबा tumba: — (nm) a gourd; a pot made out of scooped gourd; hence तुंबी (nf).
  • तुक tuk — (nf) rhyme; sense; harmony.
तुकबंदी -- rhyming, improvising verses.
तुक बैठना -- to rhyme; to harmonise, to co-ordinate.
तुक में तुक मिलाना -- tochime in, to sing in the samestrain, to attune (to somebodyelse).
तुक होना (बातचीत आदि में) -- to berational, to make a sense.
  • तुकांत tuka:nt — (a) rhyming, having terminal alliteration.
  • तुक्क/ड़ tukkaṛ — (nm) a poetaster, mere versifier; hence तुक्कड़ी (nf).
  • तुक्का tukka: — (nm) a blunt arrow; unsure means; vain bid.
तुक्का भिड़ाना/लगाना -- to make a conjecture; tomake an unsure bid, to take achance.
तुक्का लगना -- to accomplish justby chance.
  • तुक्तक tuktak — (nm) a limerick.
  • तुख़्म tuḳḥm — (nm) a seed; sperm.
तुख़्म तासीर सोहबते असर -- the seed must have its effect and company mustmould all men.
  • तुच्छ tuchchh — (a) petty, trivial, trifle; frivolous; contemptible; insignificant.
तुच्छता -- pettiness; triviality; insignificance; frivolity.
  • तुझ tujh — (pro) oblique form of तू (see).
तुझे -- to/for thee, to/for you.
  • तुड़ाई tuṛa:i: — (nf) the act of or charges for breaking/plucking.
  • तुड़ाना tuṛa:nā: — (v) to (cause to) break/pluck; to change (a coin ora currency note) into smallerdenominations; to (be in readiness to) run away.
  • तुतला tutla: — (a and nm) see तोतला.
  • तुतला/ना tutla:nā: — (v) to lisp, to babble, to stutter.
तुतलाहट -- lisping, babbling, stuttering.
  • तुतली tutli: — (a and nm) see तोतला.
  • तुनकना tunaknā: — (v) to be pettish/petulant.
  • तुनकमिज़ा/ज tunakmiza:j — (a) easily irritated, pettish, petulant; fastidious.
तुनकमिज़ाजी -- pettishness, petulance; fastidiousness.
  • तुपक tupak — (nf) a small gun.
तुपकची -- a gunner.
  • तुफ़ैल tufail — (nm) cause; means; intervention.
तुफ़ैल से -- through, by means of; through the grace of.
  • तुम tum — (pro) you.
  • तुमुल tumul — (a) tumultous, uproarious; hence तुमुलता (nf).
  • तुम्हारा tumha:ra: — (pro) possessive form of तुम—your, yours.
  • तुम्हीं tumhī: — (pro) you alone, you and only you.
  • तुम्हें tumhē — (pro) to you, unto you.
  • तुरंग turāṅg — (nm) a horse; also तुरंगम.
  • तुरंत turānt — (adv) at once, quickly, forthwith; immediately, instantly.
  • तुरई turai: — (nf) see तुरही; see तोरई.
  • तुरत turat — (adv) see तुरंत.
तुरत दान महा कल्याण -- he gives twice whogives in a trice; the sooner done, the better.
  • तुरपना turapnā: — (v) to stitch (length-wise) by hand; to oversew; tobotch; to overcast.
  • तुरपाई turpa:i: — (nf) (lengthwise) hand-stitching; whip stitching; botch.
  • तुरमची turamchi: — (nm) a trumpeter.
  • तुरही turahi: — (nf) a bugle, trumpet.
  • तुरीय turi:y — (nm) according to the Veda:nt, a stage where the individual self is united with theUniversal Self; also तुरीय अवस्था.
  • तुरुप turup — (nm) a trump.
तुरुप का पत्ता -- a trump card.
तुरुप चाल -- moving thetrump card, sure move.
  • तुर्क Turk — (nm) a Turk.
  • तुर्किस्ता/न turkista:n — (nm) Turkey; hence तुर्किस्तानी (a).
  • तुर्की turki: — (a) Turkish; (nf) the Turkish language.
तुर्की-ब-तुर्की जवाब देना -- to give as good as one gets, togive as sharp a retort.
  • तुर्रा turra: — (nm) forelock, an ornamental tassel fitted on the turban; crest.
तुर्रा यह (है) कि -- what is more, over and above this, moreover, apart from this.
  • तुर्श tursh — (a) sour; acidic; (fig.) unpleasant.
  • तुर्शी turshi: — (nf) sourness; acidity; (fig.) unpleasantness.
  • तुल/ना tulnā: — (nf) comparison; (v) to be weighed; to be bent upon; hence तुलनीय (a).
तुलना करना, किसी से -- to compare with, to make a comparative assessment.
  • तुलनात्मक tulna:tmāk — (v) comparative.
तुलनात्मक अध्ययन -- comparative study; hence तुलनात्मकता (nf).
  • तुलवाई tulwa:i: — (nf) the act of, or wages paid for, weighing.
  • तुलसी tulsi: — (nf) the holy basil plant —Ocymum sanctum.
तुलसी दल/पत्र -- a basil leaf.
तुलसी वन -- a basil grove.
  • तुला tula: — (nf) a balance, pair of scales; the sign of Libra—seventhsign of the zodiac.
तुलादंड -- the beamof a balance.
तुलादान -- a gift of gold, silver or grain etc. equivalent tothe weight of the donor.
तुला हुआ -- dead set, bent upon.
  • तुलाई tula:i: — (nf) see तुलवाई.
  • तुल्य tully — (a) equivalent; like.
तुल्यकाल/कालीय -- contemporaneous, synchronous.
तुल्यकालत्व -- synchronism.
तुल्यरूप -- resembling, of like appearance.
तुल्यवृत्ति -- co-professional.
  • तुल्यता tullyata: — (nf) equivalence, parity; likeness, similarity.
  • तुषार tusha:r — (nm) frost.
तुषारकण -- snow-flakes.
तुषारपात -- frost-fall.
तुषारपात होना -- lit.to be frost-hit—to be liquidated, to be razed.
तुषारसह -- frost proof.
तुषाराहत -- frost-bitten.
  • तुष्ट tushṭ — (a) satisfied, gratified; contented.
  • तुष्टि tushṭi — (nf) satisfaction, gratification; contentment.
  • तुष्टीकरण ṭushṭi:karaṉ — (nm) appeasement.
तुष्टीकरण नीति -- policy of appeasement.
  • तुहिन tuhin — (nm) frost, snow.
तुहिन कण -- snow-flakes.
  • तूँबी tū:bi: — (nf) see तुंबा; a float.
  • तू tu: — (pro) thou; you.
तू-तू मैं-मैं -- low-level altercation, squabbling.
तू-तड़ाक -- boorish/uncivil language.
तू-तड़ाक पर उतर आना -- to stoop to boorish/uncivil language.
तू मेरी डफली बजा मैं तेरा राग अलापूँ -- claw me and I'll claw thee.
  • तूणीर tū:ṉī:r — (nm) a quiver (for keeping arrows).
  • तूतिया tu:tiya: — (nf) blue vitriol, sulphate of copper.
  • तूती tu:ti: — (nf) a rosefinch.
तूती बोलना -- to command overweening influence, to have unquestioned sway/mastery.
  • तूफ़ान tu:fā:n — (nm) a storm, tempest, hurricane; typhoon.
तूफ़ान खड़ा करना/तूफ़ान बरपा करना/मचाना -- to work havoc, to unleash a storm.
  • तूफ़ानी tu:fa:nī: — (a) stormy, tempestuous, violent and vehement.
तूफ़ानी दस्ता -- flying squad.
तूफ़ानी दौरा -- whirl-wind tour.
  • तूमना tū:mnā: — (v) to card (cotton) with fingers.
  • तूमा/र, तूमाल tu:ma:r, ~l — (nm) fuss; magnifying a point beyond duelimits.
तूमा बाँधना -- to create a fuss, tomagnify a point beyond all reasonable limits, to stretch thingstoo far.
  • तूरा/न tu:rā:n — (nm) the middle-Asian Tartar country.
तूरानी -- pertaining to तूरान; an inhabitant/language of तूरान.
  • तूर्य tu:ry — (nm) a trumpet.
तूर्यनाद -- sounding of trumpet(s).
  • तूल tu:l — (nm) length; prolixity; cotton.
तूल-अर्ज़ -- length and breadth.
तूल-तबील -- long and huge.
तूल देना -- tomagnify, to make prolix; to over-stretch a point; to carry too far.
तूल पकड़ना -- to take a violent turn, tobe over-stretched, to go too far.
  • तूलिका tu:lika: — (nf) a painter's brush.
  • तूस tu:s — (nm) the husk; a kind of fine wool.
  • तृण trīṉ — (nm) a straw.
तृणमय -- made of straw.
तृणवत् -- as insignificant asa straw, trifling.
तृणशय्या -- straw-bedding.
  • तृणावर्त trīṉa:vart — (nm) a hurricane.
  • तृतीय triti:y — (a) (the) third.
तृतीयक -- tertiary.
  • तृतीयांश triti:ya:nsh — (nm) one third (portion).
  • तृतीया triti:ya: — (a) (the) third; (nf) the third day of the lunar fortnight.
  • तृप्त tript — (a) contended; gratified, fulfilled.
  • तृप्ति tripti — (nf) contentment; gratification, fulfilment.
  • तृषा trisha: — (nf) thirst.
तृषालु -- thirsty.
  • तृषित trishit — (a) thirsty.
  • तृष्णा trishṉā: — (nf) thirst; greed; longing, craving.
तृष्णा का अंत नहीं होता -- craving knows no end; the eye isbigger than the belly.
  • तेंदुआ tēdua: — (nm) a leopard.
  • तेईस tei:s — (a) twenty-three; (nm) the number twenty-three.
  • तेग teg — (nm) a sword; cutlass, scimitar.
तेग तलवार -- sword and scimitar.
  • तेज tej — (nm) glow; splendour, brilliance, refulgence; awe.
तेजस्विता -- see तेजस्विता.
तेजस्वी -- see तेजस्वी.
  • तेज़ tez — (a) sharp; sharp-pointed; dear, costly; acute; keen; penetrating (as तेज़ नज़र); acrid, pungent; corrosive, caustic; violent, fiery; swift, quick (as तेज़ रफ़्तार), fleet; smart; intelligent, nimble-witted.
तेज़-तर्रार -- fiery and fierce, caustic-tongued; sharp and smart.
तेज़दिमाग़ -- sharp, intelligent.
तेज़मिज़ाज -- short-tempered; petulant.
तेज़रफ़्तार -- swiftfast-moving.
  • तेजड़िया tejaṛiya: — (nm) a bull (in speculation).
  • तेज/वंत, तेजवान tejvant, ~vā:n — (a) see तेजस्वी.
  • तेजस्विता tejasvita: — (nf) brilliance, luminosity, glow; impressiveness, imposingness.
  • तेजस्वी tejasvi: — (a) brilliant, luminous, glowing; impressive, imposing.
  • तेज़ा/ब teza:b — (nm) an acid.
तेज़ाबी -- acidic; treated with acid.
  • तेज़ी tezi: — (nf) sharpness; boom; dearness; keenness; acridity, pungency; quickness, swiftness; smartness; intelligence.
तेज़ी-मंदी -- straddle.
  • तेजोमय tejomay — (a) brilliant, refulgent, luminous; glowing; resplendent; hence तेजोमयता (nf).
  • तेतालीस teta:li:s — (a) forty-three; (nm) the number forty-three.
  • तेतीस teti:s — (a) thirty-three; (nm) the number thirty-three.
  • तेते tete — (pro) In Braj Bha:sha:, it means उतने —to that extent.
तेते पाँव पसारिए जेती लंबी सौर -- cut your coataccording to the cloth.
  • तेरस teras — (nf) the thirteenth day of the lunar fortnight.
  • तेरह terah — (a) thirteen; (nm) the number thirteen.
  • तेर/हीं, तेरही tera/hī:, ~hi: — (nf) the thirteenth day after death; therituals performed on the thirteenthday signifying the end of the post-mortem rituals.
  • तेरा tera: — (pro) possessive form of तू—thy, thine, your(s).
तेरा-सा/तेरी-सी -- favourable to you, serving yourinterest.
  • तेल tel — (nm) oil; petrol.
तेल चढ़ाना -- to perform to ceremony of pre-marital oil anointment.
तेल देखो तेल की धार देखो -- see which way thecat jumps/wind blows.
तेल निकालना -- lit. to extract oil out of, to tireout, to make one work till oneperspires profusely.
  • तेलहन telhan — (nm) see तिलहन.
  • तेलिया teliya: — (a) oily; (nm) see तेली.
  • तेली teli: — (nm) an oilman; a Hindu sub-caste which subsists on oil-extraction and sale.
तेली का बैल -- lit.an oilman's ox—a toiling wretch, one condemned to a slog.
  • तेवर tevar — (nm) an eyebrow; a frown; stance.
तेवर चढ़ाना -- to frown, to scowl.
तेवर बदलना -- to scowl, tofrown; to strike an adverseposture, to assume an angry look.
तेवर-तेवरों में बल पड़ना -- to fly into arage, to assume an angry look.
  • तैंतालिस tāīta:lis — (a and nm) see तेतालीस.
  • तैंतिस taitis — (a and nm) see तेतीस.
  • तैथि/क taithik — (a) chronological.
तैथिकी -- chronology.
  • तैना/त tainā:t — (a) deployed, posted; appointed.
तैनाती -- posting, deployment; appointment.
  • तैयार taiya:r — (a) ready, willing; ready-made; prepared; finished, ripened, matured; in bloom, blooming; robust; fat.
तैयार माल -- manufactured goods.
  • तैयारी taiya:ri: — (nf) readiness; preparation/preparedness; ground work; robustness; bloom; practice.
तैयारी पर होना -- to be in form.
तैयारी पर होना, पूरी -- to be in the best of form; hence तैयारियाँ (plural form).
  • तैरना tairnā: — (v) to swim; to float.
  • तैरा/क taira:k — (a) an expert swimmer.
तैराकी -- (the art of) swimming.
  • तैलंगाना tailāṅga:nā: — (nm) a southern region of the Indian union, presently part of the state of आंध्रप्रदेश.
  • तैल tail — (nm) oil.
तैलचित्र -- an oil painting.
तैलपोत -- an oil tanker.
तैलरंग -- oil colour.
तैलाक्त -- anointed or smeared with oil.
  • तैश taish — (nm) provocation; rage, wrath.
तैश खाना, तैश में आना -- to take ahuff; to get one's dander up; to be provoked; to fly into arage.
तैश में होना -- to be in a huff, tobe in a state of provocation.
  • तैसा taisa: — (a) like that, similar to that.
  • तोंद tōd — (nf) paunch, potbelly.
तोंद पिचकना -- lit. the paunch to be deflated—to lose corpulence/fat.
  • तोंदीला tōdi:la: — (a) see तुँदैला.
  • तो to — (ind) then; therefore; more-over; an emphatic particle (e.g.मैं तो जाऊँगा); at any rate, however; at least.
तो भी -- even so, eventhen, in spite of this/that; nevertheless, nonetheless, still.
  • तोड़ toṛ — (nm) antidote; counter, counter-measure; breach/break; whey; forceful current of water (in a riveretc.).
तोड़-फोड़ -- sabotage; breakage; destruction.
तोड़-फोड़ की कार्यवाही -- sabotaging activity, sabotage.
तोड़-फोड़ करनेवाला -- a saboteur.
तोड़-मरोड़ -- mutilation.
  • तोड़ना toṛnā: — (v) to break; to violate; to fracture; to pluck; todisband; to twist, to demolish; tosnap; to change (into coins orcurrency notes of smaller denomination); to reduce; to win over, to cause to defect.
  • तोड़ा toṛa: — (nm) scarcity; deficiency; name of an ornament worn round the wrist; rhythmicstructure in instrumental music; a long narrow meshwork bag(lused in olden times for carryingcash tied round the waist); match-lock (of a gun).
तोड़ेदार -- fitted witha match-lock.
तोड़ेदार बंदूक -- a match-lockgun.
  • तोतला totla: — (a) lisping; (nm) (one) who lisps; hence तोतली (fem).
  • तोता tota: — (nm) a parrot.
तोताचश्म -- lit. parrot-eyed —capable of shiftingto cool indifference from cordiality.
तोताचश्मी -- the attribute or attitude of a तोताचश्म.
तोतापरी -- a varietyof mango.
तोतारटंत -- see तोते की तरहरटना.
तोता पालना -- to get addicted toan evil; to allow a malady to getaggravated.
तोते की तरह आँखें फेरना -- to give one the cut direct, to forget the past cordiality, to assumecondifference.
तोते की तरहपढ़ाना -- to teach over and overagain.
तोते की तरह रटना -- torepeat unintelligently, to cramup; to continue to harp on thesame note.
  • तोप top — (nf) a gun, cannon.
तोपख़ाना -- artillery.
तोपची -- a gunner.
तोप विद्या -- gunnery.
तोपदम करना -- to blow offwith a gun.
  • तोबड़ा tobṛa: — (nm) a nose bag; face as a whole.
तोबड़ा फुलाना -- to becomeglum/sulky.
  • तोबा toba: — (nf) vowing to sin no more, vowing never to repeat(an act).
तोबा करना -- to cry 'enough', to vow to do no more, to vownever to repeat.
तोबा तोड़ना -- to breaka pledge, to violate a vow.
तोबा बुलवाना -- to apply pressure/harasstill one yields.
  • तोय toy — (nm) water.
  • तोरई torai: — (nf) the cucurbitaceous plant and its vegetable—Luffaacutangula.
  • तोरण torāṉ — (nm) a pylon; an arched gateway; festoons.
  • तोल tol — (nf) weight.
तोल-माप -- weights and measures.
  • तोलना tolnā: — (v) to weigh; to balance; to assess or to gauge.
तोलकर बोलो -- think/weigh beforeyou speak.
  • तोला tola: — (nm) an Indian unit of weight—one eightieth of a seer.
  • तोशक toshak — (nf) cushioned mattress.
  • तोष tosh — (nm) appeasement; gratification.
  • तोहफ़ा tohfa: — (nm) a present, gift.
  • तोहम/त tohmāt — (nf) slander, false accusation.
तोहमती -- a slanderer.
  • तौंसना tāūsnā: — (v) to be scorched.
  • तौंसा tāūsa: — (nm) scorching heat.
  • तौक़ tauq — (nm) a neck-ring; (fig.) a.
  • तौर taur — (nm) mode, method, way.
तौर-तरीक़ा -- ways, technique.
तौर-तरीक़े -- manners.
  • तौल taul — (nf) see तोल.
  • तौलना taulnā: — (v) see तोलना.
  • तौलिया tauliya: — (nf, also nm) a towel.
  • तौही/न tauhi:n — (nf) insult, disrespect; humiliation; contempt.
तौहीने-अदालत -- contempt of court.
  • त्यक्त tyakt — (a) abandoned; renounced; forsaken; sacrificed, abnegated; hence त्यक्ता (fem.) anabandoned (woman).
  • त्यजन tyajān — (nm) abandoning; renouncing, forsaking; sacrificing, abnegating.
  • त्याग tya:g — (nm) abandonment; relinquishment, renunciation forsaking; sacrifice, abnegation.
त्याग-पत्र -- (letter of) resignation.
त्यागमय -- full of sacrifice/renunciation.
त्यागशील -- sacrificing, renunciative, prone to forsake/abnegate/sacrifice; hence त्यागशीलता (nf).
  • त्यागना tya:gnā: — (v) to abandon, to give up, to relinquish, to renounce; to resign, to abnegate, toforsake, to sacrifice.
  • त्यागी tya:gi: — (nm) one who has made sacrifices, renouncer; arecluse.
  • त्याज्य tya:jjy — (a) abandonable, renounceable, fit to be forsaken/given up, worth forsakng/givingup.
  • त्योहा/र tyoha:r — (nm) see त्यौहार.
त्योहारी -- see त्यौहारी.
  • त्यौं tyāū — (ind) thus; like that, so, in like manner.
त्यौं-त्यों -- so, in thesame manner/measure.
  • त्यौरस tyauras — (nm) the year before last; the year after next.
  • त्यौरी tyauri: — (nf) wrinkles of the forehead; contracted eyebrows.
त्यौरी चढ़ाना -- to wrinkle up one's forehead—to scowl, to frown.
त्यौरी में बल पड़ना -- the forehead to be wrinkledup, to be in a temper/rage/furious mood.
  • त्यौहा/र tyauha:r — (nm) a festal day; festival; festivity.
त्यौहारी -- a festal gift(in cash or kind).
  • त्रय tray — (a) three; (nm) the number three.
  • त्रयी trai: — (nf) a trio, trinity; (a) trimerous.
  • त्रयोदश trayodash — (a) thirteen; thirteenth; (nm) the number thirteen.
  • त्रयोदशी trayodashi: — (nf) the thirteenth day of the lunar fortnight.
  • त्रसित trasit — (a) frightened, scared, terrified.
  • त्रस्त trast — (a) frightened, scared, terrified.
  • त्राण trā:ṉ — (nm) protection; means of protection, defence; shelter; salvation.
त्राणकर्ता -- protector, saviour.
त्राणकारी -- protector/protecting; saviour/saving.
त्राणदाता -- see त्राता.
  • त्राता tra:ta: — (nm) a saviour, protector.
  • त्रास tra:s — (nf) fear, fright, scare, terror, dread.
त्रासक/कर/कारी -- fearful; frightening, frightful, terrifying.
  • त्रास/द, त्रासदायी tra:sad, ~da:i: — (a) frightening, terrifying, dreadful.
  • त्रासदी tra:sadi: — (nf) a (dramatic) tragedy.
त्रासदीकार -- author of a tragedy.
त्रासदीय -- tragic.
  • त्रासन tra:sān — (nm) (the act or process of) frightening/scaring/terrifying.
  • त्रासिक tra:sik — (a) tragic; frightening.
त्रासिक कामदी -- a tragi-comedy.
  • त्राहि, त्राहिनाम tra:hi, ~mā:m — (ind) protect me !, save me !; deliverme !.
त्राहि त्राहि करना -- to repeatedlycall for mercy or deliverance.
  • त्रि tri — (a) three.
त्रिक -- a trio, trinity.
त्रिकाल -- the three times—past, present, future.
त्रिकाल ज्ञ -- omniscient, knowing the three times (see त्रिकाल).
त्रिकालदर्शी -- a seer, sage, onegifted with a vision to see throughthe past, present and future alike; also त्रिकालदर्शक; hence त्रिकालदर्शिता( nf).
त्रिकुटी -- the interval betweenthe eye-brows and the junction ofthe forehead and the nose.
त्रिकोण -- a triangle.
त्रिकोणमिति -- (the science of) trigonometry.
त्रिकोणिक / त्रिकोणीय -- triangular.
त्रिगुण -- the set of threeguṇas (सत्व, रज, तम); threefold, three times; possessing the threeguṇas.
त्रिगुणातीत -- transcending thethree guṇas.
त्रिगुणात्मक -- possessingthe three guṇas.
त्रिगुणित -- multipliedby three; three times.
त्रिजगत -- see त्रिलोक.
त्रिज्या -- radius.
त्रिताप -- the three तापs (physical, mundane, divine).
त्रित्व -- a trilogy.
त्रिदेव -- the trinity of ब्रह्मा, विष्णु and महेश.
त्रिदोष -- disorderof the three humours, viz. wind( वात), bile (पित्त) and phlegm (कफ).
त्रिधा -- in three ways; in three parts.
त्रिपक्षीय -- trilateral; representingthree sides/parties/aspects.
त्रिपथ -- a tri-junction; the three paths forthe Supreme Realisation—knowledge (ज्ञान), action (कर्म) anddevotion (भक्ति).
त्रिपाठी -- a sub-caste of the Bra:hmaṉs.
त्रिपुंड/पुंड्र -- a mark of sandal-paste or ashover the forehead comprised ofthree horizontal or crescent-shapedlines.
त्रिपुटी -- a set of three.
त्रिफला -- a mixture of three myrobalans viz.myrobalan (हड़); belleric myrobalan (बहेड़ा) and emblic myrobalan (आँवला).
त्रिबली -- see त्रिवली.
त्रिभुज -- a triangle.
त्रिभुजाकार -- triangular (shaped).
त्रिभुवन -- the threeworlds viz. this world (मृत्युलोक), the other world (आकाश), and thenether world (पाताल).
त्रिमूर्ति -- see त्रिदेव.
त्रिलोक -- the three worlds; see त्रिभुवन.
त्रिलोचन -- the threeeyed—Lord Shiv.
त्रिवली -- the threeskin-folds about the navel—asource of feminine charm.
त्रिविध -- of three kinds.
त्रिवेणी -- the confluence of the three rivers (in Praya:g) —the Gāṅga:, the Yamunā: andthe (invisible) Saraswati:.
त्रिवेदी -- a sub-caste of the Bra:hmaṉs.
त्रिशंकु -- an ancient Indian King ofthe Solar dynasty (according toHindu mythology the sageVishwa:mittr, through his spiritual powers, tried to send himphysically to the kingdom ofHeavens. Indra, the king of gods, refused him entry into his worldand sent him tumbling down. Heis thus said to be tucked up inbetween the heaven and theearth); neither here nor there, hanging in space.
त्रिशूल -- a trident.
त्रिशूल धर/त्रिशूल धारी -- (the) trident-bearer—an epithet of Lord Shiv.
त्रिसूत्री -- trisomic, three-point.
  • त्रिया triya: — (nf) a woman.
त्रिया-चरित्र -- wiles/mysterious ways of awoman.
  • त्रुटि truṭi — (nf) an error, mistake; defect, deficiency.
त्रुटिपूर्ण -- erroneous, defective.
त्रुटित -- broken.
  • त्रेता treta: — (nm) the second of the four ages according the Hindumythology—the silver age.
  • त्रैकालिक traika:lik — (a) pertaining to त्रिकाल (see under त्रि); of all times.
  • त्रैमासिक traimā:sik — (a) quarterly, three-monthly.
  • त्रैलोक्य trailokky — (a) pertaining to.
  • त्रैवार्षिक traiva:rshik — (a) triennial.
  • त्वक् tvak — (nm) the skin; bark.
  • त्वचा tvacha: — (nf) the skin.
  • त्वदीय tvadi:y — (a) yours.
  • त्वरण tvarāṉ — (nm) acceleration; speeding up.
  • त्वरणीय tvaraṉī:y — (a) acceleratable; worth speeding up; urgent.
  • त्वरा tvara: — (nf) haste; quickness; urgency.
त्वरा लिपि -- shorthand.
  • त्वरित tvarit — (a) quick, swift; (adv) quickly, swiftly.
  • थ tha — the second letter of the fourth pentad (i.e. तवर्ग) of theDevna:gri: alphabet.
  • थंब, थंबा thāmb, thāmba: — (nm) a pillar.
  • थकन thakān — (nf) see थकान.
  • थकना thaknā: — (v) to be tired/wearied/fatigued.
थका-माँदा -- dead beat, worn and wearied, tired out, jaded.
थका-हारा -- see थका-माँदा.
थक कर चूर होना -- to be dead tired, to be extremely wearied.
थक जाना -- to betired/wearied/jaded; to be fed up; to be exhausted.
  • थकान thakā:n — (nf) weariness, fatigue, tiredness; exhaustion.
थकान उतारना -- to relax after exertion/exhaustion.
  • थका/र thaka:r — (nm) the letter थ् (th) and its sound.
थकारांत -- wordending in थ् (th).
  • थकावहट thaka:vhaṭ — (nf) see थकान.
  • थकित thakit — (a) tired, wearied, fatigued; exhausted.
  • थकौहाँ thakāūhā: — (a) somewhat tired; looking wearied/exhausted/fatigued.
  • थक्का thakka: — (nm) a clot; lump.
  • थन thān — (nm) the udder.
थनदुहा -- fresh from the udders, just milked.
  • थपकना thapaknā: — (v) to pat (as a child to sleep), to strike gently with the palm; to tap.
  • थपकी thapki: — (nf) pat; tap.
थपकी देकर सुलाना -- to pat to sleep (as a child).
थपकी देना -- to pat.
  • थपड़ी thapṛi: — (nf) a clap; clapping.
थपड़ी पीटना/बजाना -- to clap.
  • थपथपाना thapthapa:nā: — (v) to pat, to strike gently with the palm; totap.
थपथपाना , पीठ -- to back; to pat theback with approbation.
  • थपथपाहट thapthapa:haṭ — (nf) a sequence of pats or gentle strokes of palm, constant tapping.
  • थपथपी thapthapi: — (nf) see थपकी.
  • थपेड़ा thapeṛa: — (nm) a violent blow/stroke; buffet; dash (as of violent waves).
  • थप्पड़ thappaṛ — (nm) a slap; buffet; spank.
थप्पड़ जड़ना/थप्पड़ रसीद करना/थप्पड़ लगाना -- to (implant a) slap (on the cheek).
  • थमना thamnā: — (v) to stop; to come to a standstill; to wait; to be supported by or propped up.
  • थमाम्हाना thamā:mhā:nā: — (v) to hand over, to entrust; to recline.
  • थरथर tharthar — (a) trembling(ly).
  • थरथराना tharthara:nā: — (v) to tremble, to shudder, to quiver.
  • थरथ/राहट tharthara:haṭ — (nf) trembling, shuddering, quivering.
  • थरथरी tharthari: — (nf) see थरथराहट.
  • थरहरी tharehri: — (nf) see थरथरी.
  • थर्मस tharmās — (nm) a thermos flask.
  • थर्मामीटर tharmā:mi:ṭar — (nm) a thermometer.
थर्मामीटर लगाना -- to take the temperature (of a person).
  • थर्रा/ना tharra:nā: — (v) to shudder, to tremble with terror; hence थर्राहट (nf).
  • थल thal — (nm) land; place.
थलचर/थल-चारी -- terrestrial (animal).
थल सेना -- the army.
थलीय -- land, pertaining tothe land.
  • थलथ/ल, थलथला thaltha/l, ~la: — (a) flabby; flaccid.
थलथलापन -- flabbiness, flaccidity.
  • थहराना thehra:nā: — (v) see थर्राना; to become still, to settle down; toform a precipitate.
  • थहाना thaha:nā: — (v) to fathom, to sound; to go to the bottom of.
  • थाँवला thā:vla: — (nm) see थाला.
  • था tha: — (v) was.
  • थाक tha:k — (nf) stick(ing).
  • थाती tha:ti: — (nf) a trust, anything entrusted to somebody; a charge.
  • थान thā:n — (nm) a long piece of cloth of standard size; a raised platformwhere a deity's image is installed, deity's abode; stall (of an animal); position.
  • थाना tha:nā: — (nm) a police station.
  • थाने/दार tha:nēda:r — (nm) a police sub-inspector.
थानेरी -- the office orfunction/job of a sub-inspectorof police.
  • थाप tha:p — (nf) pat, tap; a palm-stroke over a percussion instrument; see थापा.
थाप देना -- to commenceplaying a percussion instrument(esp. तबला).
  • थापना tha:pnā: — (nm) installation (of a deity etc.); (v) to install to patinto cakes (as cow-dung etc.).
  • था/पा tha:pa: — (nm) a palm-imprint.
थापे देना -- to apply the palm-imprints(with turmeric).
  • थापी tha:pi: — (nf) a mallet; tamper; a wooden patting device (used bymasons, etc.).
  • थाम thā:m — (nm) a strut; used as the second member in the compound रोक-थाम (see).
  • थामना tha:mnā: — (v) to (cause to) stop; to hold; to grasp; to prop; to support; to restrain; to resist.
  • थाल tha:l — (nm) a large flat metallic plate slightly edged up; basin.
  • थाला tha:la: — (nm) a basin (dug round a tree or plant for holdingwater).
  • थाली tha:li: — (nf) a smaller form of थाल (see).
थाली का बैंगन -- fickle-minded, wavering (person).
थाली में घी इधर-उधर/बिखरा-बिखरा -- as broad as itis long.
  • थाह tha:h — (nf) depth; estimate of depth.
थाह पाना -- to get at the truth; to probe the depth of.
थाह लेना -- toassess the depth of; to unearththe reality.
  • थाहना tha:hnā: — (v) to fathom, to sound, to estimate the depth (of).
  • थिएटर thieṭar — (nm) a theatre (hall).
  • थिगली thigli: — (nf) a patch (for mending cloth).
थिगली लगाना -- to patch, to mend with a patch.
  • थिर thir — (a) stable; static; tranquil; hence थिरता (nf).
  • थिरक thirak — (nf) rhythmic vibration of body parts (in dancing), nimblefootwork (in dancing); also थिरक न(nf).
  • थिरकना thiraknā: — (v) to make the body parts vibrate rhythmically.
  • थिरना thirnā: — (v) to settle down (the sediment of a liquid); to becomestill and tranquil.
  • थिराना thira:nā: — (v) see थिरना.
  • थुक्का-फ़जीहत thukka-faji:hat — (nf) reproach and reproof, censureand condemnation; altercation.
  • थुड़ी thuṛi: — (nf) a word expressing contemptuous indignation.
थुड़ी-थुड़ी करना -- to express censure and condemnation, to express contemptuous indignation.
थुड़ी-थुड़ी होना -- tosuffer indignation, to be subjectedto shameful disgrace.
  • थुथना thuthnā: — (nm) a nozzle.
  • थुलथु/ल, थुलथुला thulthu/l, ~la: — (a) see थलथल.
  • थू thu: — (nm) the sound made in spitting; (ind) an expression ofindigation and contempt; shame !fie ! pish !.
थू-थू करना -- see थुड़ी-थुड़ी करना.
थू-थू होना -- see थू-थुड़ी-थुड़ी होना.
  • थूक thu:k — (nm) spittle, sputum; saliva.
थूक देना -- to kick at; to spit at.
थूक से सत्तू नहीं सनता -- you cannot makehorn of a pig's tail.
थूक से -- or थूकोंसत्तू सानना to try to make a silkpurse out of a sow's ears, to tryovermuch with meagre means; tobe stupidly tight-fisted.
  • थूक/ना thu:knā: — (v) to spit; to reproach and reprove; to treat with contempt.
थूक कर चाटना -- to eat one'sown words.
थूकना भी नहीं/ थूकने भी न आना -- to lift up the heel against, to treat with utmost contempt.
  • थूथन thuthān — (nm) see थूथनी.
  • थूथनी thu:thnī: — (nf) the snout (of an animal); muzzle.
  • थूनी thu:nī: — (nf) a small post; prop; pillar.
  • थेई-थेई thei:-thei: — (nf) a prop expression to mark time in dance or musical recital.
  • थैला thaila: — (nm) a bag, sack, haversack, wallet.
  • थैली thaili: — (nf) a money bag; small bag; pouch; pocket.
थैली (का मुहँ) खोलना -- to open the strings of thepurse, to spend liberally.
थैलीवाले -- capitalists, moneyed people.
  • थोक thok — (nm) whole lot, wholesale; bulk; a heap, mass; locality.
थोक का भाव -- wholesale price.
थोकफ़रोश/विक्रेता -- a wholesale dealer, wholesaler.
थोक में -- in large numbers; inwholesale.
  • थोड़ा thoṛa: — (a) a little, some, meagre, scanty; short.
थोड़ा-बहुत -- some, somewhat, a little.
थोड़ा-सा -- a bit, alittle.
थोड़ा कहा बहुत समझना -- a wordto the wise should be enough.
थोड़ -- a few, some.
थोड़ ही -- little indeed; not at all; never.
  • थोथा thotha: — (a) hollow, empty, worthless; unsubstantial.
थोथापन -- hollowness, emptiness.
थोथा चना बाजेघना -- an empty vessel makes muchnoise.
  • थोपना thopnā: — (v) to impose, to thrust upon; to implant; to plaster.
  • थोबड़ा thobṛa: — (nm) the snout (of an animal).
थोबड़ा फुलाना -- to sulk, to go into a sulky mood/posture.
  • द da — the third letter of the fourth pentad (i.e. तवर्ग) of the Devna:gri: alphabet; a suffix added toimpart the meaning of, or todenote, a giver (as जलदद giver ofwater, a cloud).
  • दंग dāṅg — (a) wonder-struck, astonished, flabbergasted.
दंग रह जाना -- to be wonder-struck/astonished/flabbergasted.
  • दंगई dāṅgai: — (a) turbulent; rowdy; riotous, pugnacious; (nm) a rioter, rowdy.
  • दंगल dāṅgal: — (nm) a wrestling tournament/bouts; wrestling arena; tumultuous assembly.
दंगल जुड़ना -- tumultuous elements to assemble.
दंगल मारना -- to win a wrestling bout.
दंगल में उतरना -- to step into the (wrestling) arena.
दंगल लड़ना -- to participatein a wrestling bout.
  • दंगली dāṅgli: — (a) fit to wrestle/fight; an adept in, or given to, wrestling/fighting; (nm) a (keen) wrestler/fighter.
  • दंगा dāṅga: — (nm) a riot; disturbance; tumultuous quarrel, fracas.
दंगाई -- a rioter.
दंगेबाज़ -- riotous, pugnacious; quarrelsome; lawless, rebellious.
दंगेबाज़ी -- rioting; riotousness; outbreak of lawlessness, disturbance of peace.
  • दंड dāṉḍ — (nm) punishment; penalty fine; a staff, rod; beam, shaft; stalk; a measure of time (about24 minutes); see डंड.
दंडनायक -- amagistrate.
दंड-नीति -- the rule offorce, the rule of inflicting punishmentto attain a sway over one'sfoes and criminals.
दंडपाल -- awatchman, gatekeeper.
दंड-प्रणाम -- prostrating oneself in reverence.
दंड-भय -- fear of punishment.
दंड-विधान /विधि -- criminal law; penal code.
दंडशास्त्र -- penalogy.
दंड भरना -- to makeamends; to pay the penalty.
  • दंडनीय dāṉdni:y — (a) punishable, deserving punishment; hence दंडनीयता(nf).
  • दंडवत् dāṉḍavat — (nm) prostration, prostrating oneself in reverence, deferential salutation (directedtowards elders or holy persons).
दंडवत् करना -- to kiss the ground.
  • दंडात्मक dāṉḍa:tmāk — (a) penal, involving punishment.
  • दंडादेश dāṉḍa:desh — (nm) condemnation (in a court of law).
  • दंडाधिकारी dāṉḍa:dhika:ri: — (nm) a magistrate.
  • दंडित dāṉḍit — (a) punished, penalised.
  • दंड्य daṉḍy — (a) see दंडनीय.
  • दंत dānt — (nm) a tooth.
दंतकथा -- a legend; tradition; an anecdote.
दंतक्षत -- dental marks (as mightappear on cheeks, lips, etc. in thewake of amorous sport, sexualindulgence.
दंतचिकित्सक -- a dentist; dental surgeon.
दंत-चिकित्सा -- dentistry; treatment of dental ailments.
दंतमूल -- a fang, root of the tooth.
दंतमूलीय -- (sounds) uttered fromthe root of the teeth.
दंतहीन -- edentate.
  • दंतावली dānta:vali: — (nf) the row of teeth, denture.
  • दंती danti: — (a and nm) tusky; having tusks/teeth; an elephant.
  • दंतुर dāntur — (a) tusky, having long or projected teeth.
  • दँतुली dātuli: — (nf) a denticle, small growing tooth as in children.
  • दंतोष्ठ्य dāntoshṭḥy — (a) labio-dental (sound).
  • दंत्य dānty — (a) dental (sound); pertaining to the teeth/a tooth.
  • दंदान dāndā:n — (nm) a tooth.
दंदानसाज़ -- a dentist.
दंदानसाज़ी -- dentistry, onewho fixes a denture.
  • दंदा/ना dāndā:nā: — (nm) a tooth; jag.
दंदानेदार -- toothed; jagged.
  • दंपति dāmpati — (nm) a (married) couple, husband and wife.
  • दंभ dāmbh — (nm) conceit, vainglory, vanity.
  • दंभी dāmbhi: — (a) conceited, vainglorious, vain.
  • दँवरी dāvri: — (nf) (the process of) trampling of reaped harvest bybullocks for separating corn fromchaff.
  • दंश dānsh — (nm) a sting; bite, biting.
दंशन -- stinging, biting.
दंशित -- bitten, stung.
  • दई dai: — (nm) providence; fate, destiny; see दैया.
दईजार -- unfortunate, ill-fated (a term of abuse usedgenerally by women).
दई-दई -- O God !O God; O God, save me!.
दईमारा -- ill-fated; damned by Providence.
  • दक/न dakān — (nm) the south; south India, Deccan.
दकनी -- southern/pertaining to Deccan; see दक्खिनी.
  • दक़ियानू/स daqiya:nū:s — (a) conservative (person).
दक़ियानूसी -- (an old fogey) conservative (person, idea, thinking); conservatism.
दक़ियानूसीपन -- conservatism, conservative conduct.
  • दक्खि/न dakkhin — (nm) the south.
दक्खिनी -- southern, pertaining to thesouth; South Indian form andstyle of Hindi; also called दक्खिनी हिंदी.
  • दक्ष daksh — (a) efficient, expert.
दक्षता -- efficiency, expertness.
  • दक्षिण dakshīṉ — (nm) the south; right; favourably disposed; (in poeticaljargon) attribute of a hero (नायक) who keeps all his heroines in goodhumour.
दक्षिण पंथ -- right.
दक्षिणपंथी -- rightist.
दक्षिण होना -- to be favourably disposed.
  • दक्षिणा dakshiṉā: — (nf) honorarium (paid in olden days to a preceptorby his pupil at the successful conclusion of his student career); reward to priest, etc.; remuneration.
दक्षिणापंथ -- the southern region ofIndia.
  • दक्षिणाभिमुख dakshīṉā:bhimukh — (a) facing the south.
  • दक्षिणायन dakshīṉā:yan — (nm) the movement of the sun to the southof the equator; the period of sixmonths called the winter solstice; (a) gone south.
  • दक्षिणावर्त्त dakshiṉā:vart — (a) clock-wise.
दक्षिणावर्त्त गति -- clockwise movement.
  • दक्षिणी dakshīṉī: — (a) southern; (nm) a southerner.
  • दख़लंदा/ज़ daḳḥalanda:z — (a) one who interferes/intrudes/meddles, an interferer, a meddler.
दख़लंदाज़ी -- interference, intrusion, meddling.
  • दख़ल daḳḥal — (nm) interference; interruption; occupation; authority, authoritative knowledge, go (ina subject).
दख़ल करना -- to occupy.
दख़ल देना -- to interrupt, to interfere.
दख़ल होना -- to have a say, to have knowledgeof.
दख़लकार -- an occupant.
दख़लकारी -- occupying.
  • दग़ा dag̣a: — (nf) treachery; deception, perfidy.
दग़ाबाज़ -- treacherous; deceitful, perfidious.
दग़ाबाज़ी -- treacherousness, deceitfulness, perfidiousness.
  • दगीला, दगैल dagi:la:, dagail — (v) stained; specked; blemished; stigmatic.
  • दग्ध dagdh — (a) burnt, scorched.
  • दचक dachak — (nf) a jerk (experienced while travelling in or on a vehicle); a bump; jerking; shock.
  • दचकना dachaknā: — (v) to bump; to suffer a jerk (as in or on a vehicle), to undergo a sequence of jerks orshocks.
  • दच/का dachka: — (nm) a bump, jerk; shock; (also fig.); blow.
दचकेदार -- bumpy, jerky.
  • दढ़ियल daṛḥiyal — (a) bearded.
  • दतुवन, दतौन datuvān, datāūn — (nf) see दातौन.
  • दत्त datt — (a) given, assigned; (nm) data.
  • दत्तक dattak — (a) adopted; (nm) an adopted son; also दत्तक पुत्र.
दत्तकग्राही -- adopter.
दत्तकी पिता -- adoptive father.
दत्तकी माता -- adoptive mother.
दत्तक ग्रहणकरना /लेना -- to adopt (a son).
  • दत्तचित्त dattachitt — (a) deeply/fully attentive, concentrated, havingconcentration.
दत्तचित्त होकर सुनना -- to beall ears.
  • ददिया dadiya: — (a) grand-paternal; grand-maternal (as ददिया ससुर, ददिया सास).
  • ददोरा dadora: — (nm) a rash, a bump or swelling (caused by insect-biteor bad state of blood).
  • दद्रु daddru — (nm) ring-worm.
  • दधि dadhi — (nf) curd, coagulated milk.
दधिमंथन -- churning of curd.
  • दनदनाना dāndanā:nā: — (v) to go as fast as a shot; to shoot along orforth; to resound.
  • दनादन danā:dān — (adv) resoundingly; non-stop, incessantly.
  • दनुज danuj — (nm) a demon; hence दनुजता (nf).
  • दन्न dann — (nf) a thunderous sound as produced by a gun-fire.
दन्न से -- infull speed, with a thunderoussound.
  • दफ़ती dafti: — (nf) card-board, paste-board, mill-board.
  • दफ़न dafān — (nm) burial/entombment.
दफ़न करना -- to bury; to entomb.
  • दफ़नाना dafnā:nā: — (v) to bury; to entomb.
  • दफ़रा dafra: — (nm) a fender.
  • दफ़राना dafra:nā: — (v) to fend, to fena off.
  • दफ़ा dafa: — (nm) time (as in counting the number of times, e.g. तीन दफ़ाthree times.
दस दफ़ा -- ten times); section (in a code of law); warding off, removing.
दफ़ादार -- a dafadar—a small army officer.
दफ़ादारी, -- the office or function of a दफ़ादार.
दफ़ा करना; -- to ward off; to bury.
दफ़ा लगना -- to be accused under aparticular section of the penalcode.
दफ़ा हो ! -- be damned ! go tohell; get away.
दफ़ा होना -- to move off; to get off.
  • दफ़्तर daftar — (nm) an office.
दफ़्तर का वक्त -- office time; office hours.
  • दफ़्तरी daftari: — (nm) a daftary; a book-binder; (a) official.
  • दफ़्ती dafti: — (nf) see दफ़ती.
  • दबंग dabāṅg — (a) overbearing, strong-headed, dauntless; of commanding presence; hence दबंगपन (nm).
  • दबकना dabaknā: — (v) see दुबकना.
  • दबदबा dabdaba: — (nm) awe; sway; overwhelming/commanding influence.
दबदबा जमाना -- to attain overwhelming influence, to have completesway; hence दबदबा होना.
  • दबना dabnā: — (v) to be pressed; to yield; to submit, to act in asubmissive manner; to be subdued, to be repressed; to be tamed; togive way; to be covered; to beconcealed; to be hushed up; to.
  • दबाऊ daba:u: — (a) weighty by the head.
  • दबाना dabā:nā: — (v) to press, to press down; to suppress, to cause toyield/submit, to coerce; to cowdown, to subdue; to hush up; tocool down; to cover.
  • दबाव daba:v — (nm) pressure, duress; suppression, compression; compulsion, coercion; stress/strain.
दबाव डालना -- to influence; to coerce; toexercise pressure.
दबाव में आ कर काम करना -- to act under coercion/duress.
  • दबिश dabish — (nf) beat, round (as of a police patrol).
  • दबीज़ dabi:z — (a) thick, strong; firm.
  • दबैल dabail — (a) meek; submissive; under subjection or control.
  • दबोचना dabochanā: — (v) to pounce, to swoop down upon, to seizesuddenly.
  • दब्बू dabbu: — (a) tame; of meek or submissive nature.
दब्बूपन/पना -- submissiveness; tameness; meekness.
  • दम dām — (nm) breath; life, stamina; mettle; endurance; moment; trick; trickery.
दम आलू -- (cooked vegetableof) whole potato.
दम-ख़म -- stamina, vigour, strength.
दमदार -- strong andsturdy; vigorous; having abundantstamina.
दम-दिलासा -- vain consolation.
दम-दिलासा देना -- to rouse vain hopes; to extend false consolation.
दमपट्टी -- pettifogging; simulation.
दमबाज़ -- a pettifogger, sham, humbug.
दमबाज़ी -- hoodwinking, pettifogging.
दमसाज़ -- a vocal accompanyist ofa singer; hence दमसाज़ी (nf).
दम अटकना -- the breath to be choked; normal process of respiration tobe disturbed.
दम उखाड़ना -- to be out ofbreath; to lose stamina; to beexhausted.
दम ओठों पर आना -- to beon the verge of death, to bemortally afflicted.
दम के दम में -- instantaneously, there and then.
दम खींचना -- to withhold the breath; to become still.
दम ख़ुश्क होना -- to getthe wind up.
दम घुटना -- to be suffocated.
दम घोटना -- to strangle, tosuffocate.
दम टूटना -- to run short ofbreath, to be out of breath; to beexhausted.
दम तोड़ना -- to kick thebucket, to breathe the last, togive up the ghost, to pass away.
दम देना -- to cheat, to hoodwink; toincite.
दम न होना -- to have no guts/courage; to have no strength.
दम निकलना -- to pass away; to beexhausted.
दम फूलना -- to breatheshort, to become breathless.
दम बढ़ाना -- to practise holding ofthe breath, to increase one'sstamina.
दम बाँधना -- to be breathlessin attention, to be very attentive.
दम भर -- a moment, an instant.
दम को -- for a moment/instant.
दम भरना -- toget out of breath, to be exhausted; to champion the cause of; tosing the praises (of); to boast; to have faith (in).
दम भर में -- ina moment.
दम मारना -- to have aninstant's rest, to rest a while; to give oneself airs; to take apuff (of hashish etc. througha cigarette, hookah, etc).
दम में दम रहना/होना, जब तक -- as long as lifeexists; till one is alive.
दम लगा घटने खैरात लगी बँटने -- the devil sick would be a monk.
दम लगाना -- to smoke, to take a puff at हुक्का or चिलम.
  • दमक damāk — (nf) flash; brilliance; glimmer, glow.
  • दमकना damaknā: — (v) to flash: to glimmer, to glitter, to glow.
  • दमकल damkal — (nm) the fire-brigade; a fire-engine.
  • दमड़ी damṛi: — (nf) an obsolete Indian coin worth one-eighth of a pice.
दमड़ी की बुढिया टका सिर मुँड़ाई -- a gamenot worth the candle, the horseeating its head off.
दमड़ी की मुर्गी टका ज़बहकराई -- a penny for the bill anda pound for the tip.
दमड़ी के तीन-तीन -- damn cheap, of no worth.
दमड़ी भी नहोना, पास में -- to be penniless.
  • दमदमा dāmdamā: — (nm) a raised sand-bag cover (in gun-fight); reportof the booming of guns; a hugekettle-drum; tumult.
  • दमन damān — (nm) suppression, repression; subjugation, control.
दमनकारी -- suppressive; repressive; a suppressor.
दमन चक्र -- a series ofsuppressive/repressive acts.
दमनशील -- suppressive/repressive; hence दमनशीलता.
दमनीय -- suppressible/repressible; fit to be kept under subjugation/control; hence दमनीयता( nf).
  • दमा damā: — (nm) asthma, aasmus.
  • दमाद dama:d — (nm) see दामाद.
  • दमित damīt — (a) suppressed, repressed; subjugated.
दमित इच्छाएँ -- suppressed desires.
  • दयनीय daynī:y — (a) pitaible, inspiring pity; hence दयनीयता (nf).
  • दया daya: — (nf) pity; mercy, compassion.
दयादृष्टि -- kindly attitude, kindness.
दयादृष्टि रखना -- to continue to be kind, to be compassionate.
दयानिधान/निधी/सागर/सिंधु -- abode ofcompassion, compassionate, merciful.
दया पात्र -- deserving mercy/compassion.
दयावीर -- a hero with adeeply compassionate heart; oneimbued with deep compassion.
दयाशील -- kindly. kind-hearted, merciful; hence दया शीलता (nf).
  • दयानत daya:nāt — (nf) honesty; genuineness, truthfulness.
दयानतदार -- honest: truthful, genuine.
दयानतदारी -- honesty; genuineness, truthfulness.
  • दयामय daya:may — (a) filled with or full of compassion, merciful, kind; hence दयामयता (nf).
  • दयार्द्र daya:rdr — (a) moved by compassion, compassionate, tender-hearted; hence दयार्द्रता (nf).
  • दयालु daya:lu — (a) kind, kind-hearted, generous; hence दयालुता (nf).
  • दय/वंत, दयवान daya:vānt, ~vā:n — (a) see दयालु.
  • दर dar — (nf) rate; (nm) door; pass; (ind) in, within.
दरअसल (में) -- inreality, in fact, as a matter offact.
दरकिनार -- apart, on one side; leave alone.
दरगुज़र -- separate; excluded.
दरगुज़र करना -- to pass over, toignore.
दर दर -- door to door, placeto place.
दरपरदा -- stealthily, clandestinely, under cover.
दर दर की ख़ाक छानना, दर दर की ठोकरें खाना, दर दर मारे मारे फिरना -- to be tossed aboutfrom pillar to post, to knock aone door after another.
दरहक़ीक़त -- in fact, in reality.
दरहाल -- thesedays, now-a-days.
दरगुज़र करना -- to exclude; to leave aside; togive up.
  • दरकना daraknā: — (v) to be cracked; to be split; to be rent.
  • दरकार darka:r — (nf) necessity, need; (a) necessary, needed.
  • दरकूच darku:ch — (ind) moving on and on, moving on from one haltto another.
  • दरख्त daraḳḥt — (nm) a tree.
  • दरख्वास्त darḳḥva:st — (nf) application, petition; request.
दरख्वास्त करना -- to request.
दरख्वास्त देना -- to submit anapplication.
  • दरगाह darga:h — (nf) a shrine; holy place; tomb (of a saint which isa pilgrimage spot and a place ofworship).
  • दरज daraj — (nf) a cleft, fissure, crack.
दरजबंदी -- torching; filling up thecracks.
  • दरदरा dardara: — (a) coarsely ground, not well-ground, granulated; grating under the teeth; hence दरदराहट (nf).
  • दरदराना dardara:nā: — (v) to grind coarsely; to grate under the teeth; to produce a sound as by gratingunder the teeth.
  • दरपेश darpesh — (adv) in front, face to face.
दरपेश आना -- to encounter, tobe confronted with; to come faceto face.
  • दरबा darba: — (nm) a coop, pigeon-hole.
  • दरबा/न darba:n — (nm) a gatekeeper, of a watchman.
दरबानी -- the duties orjob watchman/gatekeeper.
  • दरबार darba:r — (nm) a royal court; hall of audience.
दरबार-ए-आम -- hall ofpublic audience.
दरबार-ए-खास -- hall ofprivate audience.
दरबारदारी -- courtiership, presence or attendance ata court; enduring long obsequioussittings.
दरबारदारी करना -- to be assiduous atcourt; to dance attendance (on); to be obsequious.
दरबार जोड़ना/दरबार लगाना -- to assemble a set of courtiers/sycophants; to convene a court/an assembly.
  • दरबारी darba:ri: — (nm) a courtier; a sycophant; (a) of court.
  • दरमिया/न darmiyā:n — (nm) the middle; (ind) during, in between, within, among.
दरमियाना -- middle; intermediary.
  • दरवाज़ा darva:za: — (nm) a door; door leaves.
दरवाज़ा खटखटाना -- to knockat the door (of); to seek entry.
दरवाज़ा खुला रखना -- to keep the dooropen.
दरवाज़ा झाँकना -- to call at; to come forhelp.
दरवाज़ा बंद करना -- to close the doors, to have no contact whatever.
  • दरवेश darvesh — (nm) a dervish, a Muslim mendicant.
  • दराँती darā:ti: — (nf) a sickle; scythe.
  • दराज़ dara:z — (nf) a drawer (of a table, etc.); see दरज़ (a) long, prolonged.
  • दराबी dara:bi: — (nf) a pully-block.
  • दरार dara:r — (nf) a crevice, slit; crack, fissure; breach, rift.
दरारदार -- creviced; cracked.
दरार पड़ना -- to crack up, to becreviced; a rift to be created.
  • दरिंदा darīnda: — (nm) a beast, beast of prey; carnivorous beast.
  • दरिद्र dariddr — (a) poor, pauper; shabby; of low qualities; wretched; (nm) poverty, miseries, miserable plight, wretched state.
दरिद्रता -- poverty, pauperdom, pauperism; miserable plight.
दरिद्रनारायण -- thehave-not, the poor.
दरिद्र दूर होना -- allmiseries to be gone.
  • दरिद्री dariddri: — (a) poor, miserable, wretched; shabby; greedy (ofeating).
  • दरिया dariya: — (nm) a river.
दरियाई -- riverine.
दरियाई घोडा -- a river horse, hippopotamus.
दरियादिल -- liberal, large-hearted.
दरियादिली -- liberality, large-heartedness.
  • दरियाफ़्त dariya:ft — (nm) an enquiry.
दरियाफ़्त करना -- to make an enquiry.
  • दरी dari: — (nf) a cotton carpet; a.
  • दरीबा dari:ba: — (nm) a (betel) market.
  • दरेसी daresi: — (nf) dressing; a flattened tract of land.
  • दरोगहल्फ़ी darog̣halfi: — (nf) false testimony (made on oath).
  • दरोग़ा darog̣a: — (nm) see दारोग़ा.
  • दर्ज़ darj — (a) recorded, entered; (nf) see दरज.
दर्ज़ करना -- to record, to enter(into the records etc.).
  • दर्ज/न darjān — (nm) a dozen.
दर्जनों -- dozens.
  • दर्जा darja: — (nm) a class; degree; rank; gradation; status; category; quality; order.
दर्जाबंदी -- classification, categorization.
  • दर्ज़ी darzi: — (nf) a tailor.
दर्ज़ी की सुई -- a hack-worker.
दर्ज़ीखाना -- a tailor-shop.
दर्ज़ीगीरी -- tailoring (work).
  • दर्द dard — (nm) pain, ache; affliction.
दर्दनाक -- painful, tragic, piteous.
दर्दमंद -- compassionate, sympathetic; hence दर्दमंदी (nf).
दर्द दिल -- heart-ache, mental agony, anguish.
  • दर्प darp — (nm) arrogance, haughtiness.
दर्पित, दर्पी -- arrogant, haughty.
  • दर्पण darpāṉ — (nm) a looking glass, mirror.
  • दर्रा darra: — (nm) a (mountain) pass.
  • दर्शक darshak — (nm) an onlooker, a spectator; visitor.
दर्शक-कक्ष -- visitors'chamber, auditorium.
दर्शकगण -- audience; assembly of spectators.
दर्शक दीर्घा -- visitors' gallery.
  • दर्शन darshān — (nm) sight, view; appearance (a term used to express a sense of deference); philosophy.
दर्शन मेला -- seeing and meeting, assemblage.
दर्शन शास्त्र -- philosophy.
दर्शनशास्त्री -- a philosopher.
दर्शन करना -- tohave a view (of a revered personor a sacred place).
दर्शन दुर्लभ होना -- (often ironical) to be seen rarely, one's appearance to be rare.
दर्शन देना -- to grace by making an appearance.
दर्शन पाना -- to obtain a glimpse of, tohave a view of.
  • दर्शनीय darshanī:y — (a) worth-seeing; beautiful; hence दर्शनीयता (nf).
  • दर्शनी हुंडी darshanī: Hūṉḍi: — (nm) a sight bill.
  • दर्शाना darsha:nā: — (v) to show; to display, to exhibit.
  • दर्शित darshit — (a) shown; displayed, exhibited; appeared.
  • दर्शी darshi: — a suffix meaning he who can see or that which canhelp see, e.g.
दूरदर्शी, क्रांतदर्शी, सूक्ष्मदर्शी, त्रिकालदर्शी; -- (a) seeing, viewing.
  • दल dal — (nm) a party; group; team; troop; swarm; herd; petal; leaf; thickness of layers etc.; used incompound words as the secondmember to denote multitude टिड्डी-दल, सैनिक-दल — .
दलदार -- of thicklayer, pulpy.
दलपति -- chief or leaderof a team/group etc.
दलबंदी -- groupism, group politics.
दल बल -- an armyof followers and supporters.
दल सहित -- in full force.
दल बदल -- defection.
दल की राजनीती -- politics ofdefection.
दलबदलू -- a defectionist.
दल बादल -- mass of clouds.
दल बाँधना -- toform a gang.
  • दलदल daldal — (nm) marsh, mire, fen, swamp, bog.
दलदल में फँसना -- to be bogged down, to be caught in a mire.
  • दलद/ला daldala: — (a) boggy, marshy, swampy, quaggy; hence दलदली (nf).
  • दलना dalnā: — (v) to grind coarsely, to mill; to crush; to destroy.
  • दलाल dala:l — (nm) an agent; a broker, middleman; tout.
  • दलाली dala:li: — (nf) middlemanship, touting; brokerage (the work and commission of a broker).
दलाली खाना -- to earn brokerage; to liveon touting.
  • दलित dalit — (a) downtrodden; depressed.
दलितवर्ग -- a depressed class.
  • दलिया daliya: — (nf) mash, hominy; porridge.
  • दलील dali:l — (nf) a plea, an argument.
  • दलेल dalel — (nf) penalty parade.
दलेल बोलना -- to order penalty parade (to be performed by).
  • दवा dava: — (nf) medicine, drug; cure.
दवाख़ाना -- a dispensary, clinic.
दवा दारू -- medical treatment; medicine.
दवाफ़रोश -- a druggist.
दवा करना -- to betreated (for some ailment).
दवा नहोना, कोई -- to have no cure (for).
  • दवाई dava:i: — (nf) see दवा.
  • दवात dava:t — (nf) an inkpot.
  • दवामी dava:mī: — (a) permanent.
दवामी पट्टा -- permanent lease.
दवामी बंदोबस्त -- permanent settlement (of land).
  • दश dash — (a) ten; (nm) the number ten.
दशकंठ/कंधर/ग्रीव/मुख/मौलि/शिर/शीर्ष/शीश -- attributes of the demonking रावन.
दशरथ -- famous king ofAyodhya:, father of राम.
  • दशक dashak — (nm) a decade, decennium.
  • दशम dashām — (a) the tenth.
  • दशमलव dashāmlav — (nm) decimal.
दशमलव पद्धति /प्रणाली -- the decimal system.
  • दशमांश dashamā:nsh — (nm) one tenth (part).
  • दशमी dashmī: — (nf) the tenth day of each lunar fortnight.
  • दशहरा dashehra: — (nm) a prominent Hindu festival celebrated on thetenth day of the month of क्वार toremember the victory of राम over रावण, symbolizing the conquest ofgood over evil.
  • दशांग dasha:ṅg — (nm) incense composed of ten ingredients used in performing a हवन (see).
  • दशा dasha: — (nf) condition, state; plight.
दशा बिगड़ना -- condition to takea turn for the worse.
दशा सुधरना -- condition to improve.
  • दशानन dasha:nān — (nm) see दशकंठ under दश.
  • दशानुकू/ल dasha:nūku:l — (nm) acclimatisation; also दशानुकूलन.
दशानुकूलित -- acclimatised.
  • दशानुव/र्तन dasha:nūvartān — (nm) acclimatisation.
दशानुवतित -- acclimatised.
  • दशा/ब्द, दशाब्दी dasha:bd — (nm) {~bdi:} (nf) decade, decennium.
  • दशावतार dasha:vta:r — (nm) the ten incarnations of Lord vishṉū viz.मत्स्य, कच्छप, वराह, नृसिंह, वामन, परशुराम, राम, कृष्ण, बुद्ध and कल्कि.
  • दशी dashi: — (nf) a decade, decennium.
  • दस das — (a) ten; (nm) the number ten.
दस लाख -- a million.
दस नंबरी -- anotorious criminal.
दसों दिशाओं में -- all round, all over, everywhere.
  • दसवाँ dasvā: — (a) the tenth; (nm) the rituals performed on the tenthday after death.
  • दस्तंदा/ज़ dastanda:z — (nm) an interferer, meddler.
दस्तंदाज़ी -- interference, meddling.
  • दस्त dast — (nm) loose stool(s); stool; hand.
दस्त ब-दस्त -- hand in hand; from hand to hand.
दस्तबस्ता -- withfolded hands.
दस्तयाब -- acquired, obtained, achieved; hence दस्तयाबी( nf).
दस्त आना/लगना -- to have loosemotions; to suffer from diarrhoea.
  • दस्तक dastak — (nf) a knock or rap (with the palm at the door).
दस्तक देना -- to knock at the door.
  • दस्तकार dastka:r — (nm) an artisan, craftsman, tradesman.
  • दस्तकारी dastaka:ri: — (nf) artisanship, handicraft, tradesmanship; craft, trade.
  • दस्तख़त dastaḳḥat — (nm) signature.
दस्तख़त करना -- to sign.
  • दस्तख़ती dastaḳḥati: — (a) signed, bearing signature.
दस्तख़ती दस्तावेज़ -- signed.
  • दस्तगीर dastagi:r — (nm) one who extends a helping hand, a helper, helping hand; supporter.
  • दस्तबंद dastaband — (nm) a wrist ornament worn by women.
  • दस्तबरदा/र dastabarda:r — (a) (one who has) desisted from/moved hishands off/relinquished.
दस्तबरदार होना -- to wash one's hands off, to giveup.
दस्तबरदारी -- relinquishment (of aclaim etc.), abandonment, givingup.
  • दस्तरख़्वान dastarḳḥā:n — (nm) a dining table-cloth to place dishes etc. on.
दस्तरख़्वान बिछाना -- (to lay the cloth) to makepreparation for serving meals.
  • दस्ता dasta: — (nm) a squad (of troops, police, etc.); handle; haft; sleevehafting; quire (of loose sheets ofpaper); bouquet (of flowers etc.); a pounder.
  • दस्ताना dasta:nā: — (nm) a hand-glove.
  • दस्तावर dasta:var — (a) laxative, purgative.
  • दस्तावे/ज़ dasta:vez — (nm) a document; deed.
दस्तावेज़ी -- documentary.
  • दस्ती dasti: — (a) pertaining to hand, manual; carried or delivered by hand (as दस्ती चिट्ठी); handle; handkerchief.
  • दस्तूर dastu:r — (nm) a custom; practice; constitution.
  • दस्तूरी dastu:ri: — (nf) customary discount, commission; routine.
  • दस्यु dassyu — (nm) a robber, dacoit, bandit.
दस्यु-वृत्ति -- robbery, banditry, dacoity.
  • दह dah — (nm) a deep pool; in a river the spot where the water is exceptionally deep.
  • दहकना dehaknā: — (v) to blaze, to burn with a red hot flame; to bevery hot.
  • दहक़ा/न dehqā:n — (nm) a peasant; villager; (a) boorish, rustic, unlettered.
दहक़ानीयत -- rusticity, boorishness.
दहक़ानी -- rustic, boorish.
  • दहन dehān — (nm) burning, combustion.
दहनशील -- combustible.
दहनशीलता -- combustibility.
  • दहलना dehalnā: — (v) to be terrorised/terror-stricken; to tremble (with fear); to be terribly alarmed.
  • दहला dehla: — (nm) a playing card with ten pips.
  • दहलीज़ dehli:z — (nf) threshold; entrance.
दहलीज़ का कुत्ता -- a sponger; one subsisting on leavings; a parasite).
दहलीज़ झाँकना -- to call at somebody's with a selfish motive.
दहलीज़ न फाँदना -- to be confined within thefour walls; never to cross out thethreshold.
  • दहशत dehshat — (nf) terror; panic.
दहशत खाना -- to be terrorised, to be panic-stricken.
  • दहाई daha:i: — (nf) the figure ten; the place of tens (in numeration).
  • दहाड़ daha:ṛ — (nf) roar of a lion; a roar.
दहाड़ मारना -- to roar; to cry aloud.
  • दहाड़ना daha:ṛnā: — (v) to roar; to cry or shout aloud.
  • दहाना daha:nā: — (nm) the mouth (of a river).
  • दही dahi: — (nm) curd, coagulated milk.
  • दहेड़ी daheṛī: — (nf) a curd-pot.
  • दहेज dahej — (nm) dowry.
दहेज प्रथा -- the dowry system.
  • दांडिक dā:ṉḍik — (a) penal, punitive.
  • दांत dā:t — (nm) a tooth.
दांत काटी रोटी -- intimate friendship, close relationship.
दांत काढ़ना -- to whine; to crinch.
दांत किचकिचाना/कटकटाना/किटकिटाना -- togrind the teeth (through cold, wrath, etc.).
दांत किरकिरे होना -- to acceptdefeat.
दांत खट्टे करना -- to make onelick the dust, to set the teeth onedge; to force the enemy into a.
  • दांत dā:nt — (a) subdued, suppressed, subjugated.
  • दाँता dā:ta: — (nm) a notch, cog or tooth (of a saw etc.), sprocket; dent.
दाँताकिलकिल -- wrangle, wrangling, altercation.
दाँतेदार -- jagged, notched, cogged; dented.
  • दाँती dā:ti: — (nf) row of teeth.
दाँती पीसना -- to gnash (the teeth).
दाँती बजना -- see दाँत बजना.
  • दांपतिक dā:mpatik — (a) conjugal.
दांपतिक संबंध -- conjugal relationship.
  • दांपत्य dā:mpatty — (a) conjugal, marital; (nm) conjugal relations; conjugal functions.
  • दाँय dā:y — (nf) see दँवरी.
  • दाँव dā:v — (nm) see दाव.
  • दाँई dā:ī: — (a) right, right hand.
  • दाई da:ī: — (nf) a midwife; nurse.
दाईगीरी -- midwifery.
दाई को दूध पिलाना -- to teach one's grandmother tosuck eggs.
दाई से पेट छिपाना -- lit. tohide the stomach from the midwife—to keep a secret from onewho is bound to know it.
  • दाक्षिणात्य da:kshiṉa:tty — (a) southern; (nm) a southerner.
  • दाक्षिण्य da:kshiṉṉy — (nm) skill; favourable disposition, favourableness.
  • दाख़िल da:ḳḥil — (a) entered; admitted.
दाख़िल ख़ारीज -- mutation of names in land-records.
दाख़िल दफ़्तर -- filed.
दाख़िल करना -- to admit; to deposit; to submit; to file.
दाख़िल होना -- to be admitted/deposited/submitted/filed.
  • दाख़िला daḳḥila: — (nm) admission; entry.
  • दाग da:g — (nm) cremation, setting on fire.
दाग देना -- to cremate, to set onfire; to brand (a bull etc.).
  • दाग़ dag̣ — (nm) a speck; stain, scar, mark; stigma, blemish.
दाग़दार -- specked; scarred, marked, branded; stained; blemished; stigmatic.
दाग़बेल -- dagbel—a dig mark symbolisingcommencement of a constructionwork (building, road, etc.).
दाग़बेल डालना -- to commence construction (work).
दाग़बेल पड़ना -- construction (work) tobe commenced.
दाग़ लगाना -- to blemish, to sully the reputation (of), to stigmatise.
  • दागना da:gnā: — (v) to burn, to ignite; to fire; to cauterise; to brand (abull etc.).
  • दाग़ी da:gi: — (a) stained, specked; scarred, marked; branded; stigmatised, blemished; damaged (fruit).
  • दाघ da:gh — (nm) heat, burning.
  • दाड़िम da:ṛim — (nm) pomegranate (tree and its fruit).
  • दाढ़ da:ṛḥ — (nm) a jaw-tooth; grinder.
  • दाढ़ी daṛḥi: — (nf) beard.
दाढ़ीजार -- lit. beard-burnt—a term of abuseusually used by women; be.
  • दातव्य da:tavvy — (a) donative, charitable; worth giving; (somebody's) due.
दातव्य औषधालय -- a charitable dispensary.
  • दाता da:ta. — (nm) a giver, donor, benefactor, a liberal or generousman.
दाता से सूम भला जो फटक के (ठावें) देय जवाब -- a point-blank refusal isbetter than an uneasy suspense.
  • दाति da:ti — (nf) delivery.
  • दातौ तू न da:tautu:n — (nf) a fibrous twig used for brushing teeth.
  • दातृत्व da:trittv — (nm) munificence, bounteousness, generosity.
  • दात्री da:tri: — (nf) feminine of दाता (see).
  • दाद da:d — (nf) ring worm, shingles; vocal appreciation; praise.
दाद देना -- to give due praise; to expressvocal appreciation.
  • दादरा da:dra: — (nm) a particular style of singing.
  • दादा da:da: — (nm) (paternal) grandfather; elder brother; a word of respect used for elders; a gangster, hoodlum, leader of a gang; a cockof the walk.
दादी -- (paternal) grandmother.
दादागीरी -- hooliganism, gangsterism; the act of leading agang.
  • दान dā:n — (nm) donation; charity, alms; a religious gift (in cash orkind); a suffix used to denote astand, container or pot etc. (e.g.कमलदान, पीकदान, शमादान); the fluidthat flows from the temples of anelephant while in rut.
दान-दक्षिणा -- alms and donations.
दान-धर्म -- religiouspractices, charity and munificence.
दानपत्र -- a gift-deed.
दानपात्र -- adonating box; (one) deservingalms.
दानलीला -- a famous sport ofLord Krishṉā wherein he realisedtoll from the milk-maids.
दानवीर -- ahero characterized by generousdisposition; bountiful, munificent; hence दानवीरता.
दानशील -- generous, bountiful, munificent.
दानशील ता -- generous disposition, bounteousness, munificence.
दान की बछिया के दाँतगिनना -- to look a gift horse in themouth.
दान देना -- to donate, to givein alms.
  • दान/व da:nav — (nm) a demon; giant; hence दानवी (nf).
दानवीय -- demonic; giant-like.
  • दाना da:nā: — (nm) grain, parched grain; corn; seed; food; a bead; pustule; pimple, piece; grainydiet of animals; (a) wise.
दाना पानी -- livelihood; food and drink.
दाना उठना -- see अन्न-जल उठना.
दाने-दाने कोतरसना -- to be in the clutches ofstarvation, to starve.
दाने-दाने कोमुहताज -- starving, poverty-stricken.
  • दानी da:nī: — (a and nm) generous/munificent (person).
दानी दान करे भंडारी का पेट पिराय/फूले -- the ownermakes a gift, the treasurer feelsthe pinch of it.
  • दानेदार da:nēda:r — (a) granular; granulated.
  • दाब da:b — (nf) pressure; strain; impression.
दाबानुकूलित -- pressurised.
  • दाबड़ा da:bṛa: — (nm) a buffer.
  • दाबना da:bnā: — (v) to press; to press down; to keep in check.
  • दाम dā:m — (nm) price; value; a rope; one of the four policies (as specified in ancient Indian diplomacy) for conquest over the enemy—thepolicy of monetary gratification.
दाम करावे काम -- money makes the mare go.
  • दामन da:mān — (nm) skirt of a garment.
  • दामाद da:ma:d — (nm) a son-in-law.
  • दामिनी da:minī: — (nf) the lightning.
  • दामी damī: — (a) costly, highly priced.
  • दायँ dā:y — (nf) see दँवरी.
  • दाय da:y — (nm) heritage, inheritance.
दायभाग -- inheritance, apportionment of inherited property etc.
दायभागी -- an inheritor.
  • दायक da:yak — (nm) a donator; a suffix meaning a giver (e.g. फलदायक, लाभदायक).
  • दायजा da:yja: — (nm) dowry; presents.
  • दायमी da:ymi: — (a) permanent; perennial.
  • दायर da:yar — (a) filed (a lawsuit, case, etc.).
दायर करना -- to file (a law suit).
  • दायरा da:yra: — (nm) a circle; ring; range.
  • दायाँ da:yā: — (a) right.
दायाँ हाथ -- (one's) right hand (man), closest or most reliable supporter/associate.
  • दाया da:ya: — (nf) see दाई.
  • दायागत da:ya:gat — (a) inherited; paternal.
  • दायाद da:ya:d — (nm) an heir.
  • दायाधिका/र da:ya:dhika:r — (nm) inheritance; heritage.
दायाधिकारी -- an inheritor, heir.
  • दायि/ता, दायित्व da:ita: — (nf), {~ttv} (nm) liability; responsibility; obligation; vouchment.
  • दायी da:yi: — a suffix meaning a giver or giving (as उत्तरदायी, फलदायी).
  • दार da:r — a suffix meaning a person having/owning/possessing (e.g.दुकानदार, खरीदार).
  • दारा da:ra: — (nf) wife.
  • दारिद्र्य da:ridry — (nm) poverty, indigence.
  • दारी da:ri: — (nf) see छिनार a term of abuse for a female.
  • दारुण da:rūṉ — (a) awful; horrible; severe; heart-rending; hence दारुणता(nf).
  • दारू da:ru: — (nf) liquor; medical treatment; medicine (as in दवा-दारू).
  • दारोग़ा da:rog̣a: — (nm) a sub-inspector (of police); a superintendingofficial (as in a municipality).
  • दारोमदार da:romda:r — (nm) full responsibility; complete dependence.
  • दार्शनिक da:rshanīk — (nm) a philosopher; (a) philosophical; hence दार्शनिकता (nf).
  • दाल da:l — (nf) pulse.
दालमोंठ (ट) -- a kind of fried and spiced preparation with pulse as one of theingredients.
दाल गलना -- a manoeuvre/tricky measure to succeed; a(guileful) move to pay.
दाल दालिया -- pot-luck, poor diet.
दाल करना -- toenforce a decision either way, todecide this way or that way.
दाल होना -- to be decided once for all; to be ruined.
दाल न गलना -- to cut noice, to effect little.
दाल भात में मूसलचंद -- an unwelcome intruder.
दाल में कालाहोना -- to have something fishy.
दाल रोटी चलना -- to maintain oneself somehow, just to manage a living.
  • दालचीनी da:lchi:nī: — (nf ceylon cinnamon, cinnamon.).
  • दालान da:lā:n — (nm) a yard; verandah.
  • दाव da:v — (nm) stake; opportunity, chance; sleight; a trick (in wrestling); strategy; time(s); turn (ingames etc.).
दाव पेच -- tricks, strategicalmoves, manoeuvres.
दाव में आना(आसानी से) -- to be caught with chaff.
  • दा/व da:v — (nm) forest wood.
दावाग्नि/. -- .
  • दावत da:vat — (nm) feast, banquet; invitation.
दावतनामा -- an invitation(letter).
दावत-देना -- to invite; to invitefor lunch or dinner.
  • दावा da:va: — (nm) a claim; suit.
दावा-करना -- to make a claim; to suit.
दावा-दायर करना -- to file a suit, to launchlegal proceedings.
  • दावात da:va:t — (nf) an inkport.
  • दावेदा/र da:veda:r — (nm) a claimant, hence दावेदारी (nf).
  • दाशरथि da:shrathi — (nm) son of दशरथ; Ra:m (the eldest son of दशरथ).
  • दास da:s — (nm) a slave; servant, serf; thrall.
दास भाव -- thraldom, the attitude of slavery, servility.
दासवाद -- slavocracy.
दासवादी -- a slavocract; slavocratic.
दास प्रथा -- (practice/systemof) slavery, serfdom.
  • दास/ता, दासत्व da:sta: — (nf), {~attv} (nm) servility, servile disposition, slavery, bondage; thraldom, serfdom.
दासताकी बेड़ी -- bonds/fetters of slavery.
  • दासानुदास da:sa:nūda:s — (nm) slave of a slave, very humble slave.
  • दासी da:si: — (nf) a maid-servant; a slave girl.
  • दास्ताँ, दास्तान da:stā:, da:stā:n — (nf) a tale, narrative; account.
  • दास्य da:ssy — (a) servile, slavish; humble; (nm) servitude, one of the nine types of devotion (भक्ति-see) wherein the devotee considers himself to be a humbleservant of his Master.
दास्य भाव -- see दास भाव (under दास).
  • दाह da:h — (nm) burning, heat; inflammation; mental agony; cremation; scald.
दाहकर्म/क्रिया/संस्कार -- cremation.
  • दाहक da:hak — (a) incendiary; causing burns, inflammatory; agonising.
दाहकता -- inflammatory or incendiaryproperty or character.
  • दाहि/ना da:hinā: — (a) right.
दाहिना दाहि-हाथ -- (one's) right hand, most reliableassociate.
दाहिनी आँख फड़कना -- lit.throbbing of the right eye(considered a good omen for aman and a bad one for a woman).
दाहिने -- to (wards) the right.
दाहिने होना -- to be favourably disposed.
  • दाही da:hi: — (a) see दाहक.
  • दाह्य da:hy — (a) inflammable, combustible; hence दाह्यता (nf).
  • दिक diq — (nm) tuberculosis; (a) vexed, harassed; fed up.
दिक करना -- to harass.
  • दिक् dik — (nf) direction; quarter; space.
दिक्काल -- see दाक्काल.
दिक्चक्र -- the aggregate of all directions.
दिक्पाल -- the ten protecting dietiesof all the ten directions.
दिक्शूल -- see दिशाशूल.
दिक्स्थापन -- orientation.
दिक्स्थिति -- bearing.
  • दिक़्क़त diqqat — (nf) difficulty; trouble.
दिक़्क़ततलब -- troublesome; difficult.
  • दिक्का/ल dikka:l — (nm) space and time.
दिक्कालातीत -- transcending spaceand time, transcendental.
  • दिक्सूचक diksu:chak — (nm) a compass.
  • दिखना dikhnā: — (v) to be visible/seen/sighted/viewed.
  • दिखरावनी dikhra:vnī: — (nf) the act or process of seeing the newly-wedbride for the first time; the presents made or cash paid on theoccasion.
  • दिखाऊ dikha:u: — (a) presentable; worth-seeing; ostensible, showy.
  • दिखावट dikha:vaṭ — (nf) show, display; ostentation.
  • दिखावटी dikha:vṭi: — (a) artificial; showy, ostensible; ostentatious.
  • दिखावा dikha:va: — (nm) show, ostentation, display.
  • दिगंबर digāmbar — (a) lit. clad in or covered by space—unclad; stark.
  • दि/ग् dig — an allomorph of दिक्.
दि गंत; -- the end of space; the horizon.
दि गंतर -- the interval space betweentwo directions.
दिगंतव्यापी -- extending to the end of, or all, space, permeating the horizons, gonefar and wide.
दिग्गज -- one of theeight elephants mythologicallysupposed to support the earthin tact in the eight different directions; a giant or pre-eminentperson (in any field of activity).
दिग्दर्शक यंत्र -- a compass.
दिग्दिगंत (में) -- all over, (in) all directions.
दिग्भ्रम/ग्भ्रांति -- loss of bearings, directionalconfusion.
दिग्भ्रमित/ग्भ्रात -- onewho has lost his bearings, strayed, gone astray.
दिग्वसन/दिग्वस्त्र -- see दिगंबर.
दिग्विजय -- universal conquest, subjugation of many realms in alldirections.
दिग्विजयी -- a conquerorof many realms or the world.
दिव्यापी/दिव्याप्त -- permeating allspace, spreading in all directions; gone far and wide.
  • दिग्दर्शक digdarshāk — (nm) a director (of a stage performance, film, etc.).
दिग्दर्शकत्व -- directorship.
  • दिग्दर्शन digdarshān — (nm) direction, the act or process of directing; general introduction (of a subjectetc.).
  • दिङ् diṅ — —an allomorph of दिक्.
दिङ्नाग -- see दिग्गज (in दिग्).
दिङ्नाथ -- see दिक्पाल (in दिक्).
दिङ्मंडल -- see दिक्चक्र( in दिक्).
दिङ्मात्र -- mere indication.
दिङ्मूढ़ -- see दिग्भ्रांत (in दिग्).
दिङ्मोह -- see दिग्भ्रम (in दिग्).
  • दिठौना diṭḥaunā: — (nm) an evil-countering black mark, a black mark or artificial mole (put on the forehead or the cheek, esp. of a child) to ward off the influence of amalignant eye/an evil glance.
  • दिन din — (nm) a day (comprised of twenty-four hours from sunrise tosunrise); a day (extending fromsunrise to sunset), day-time; time(s).
दिनकर/दिनमणि -- the sun.
दिन दशा -- (adverisity or favourableness of) times.
दिन खराब होना -- to be under acloud, to fall on bad days.
दिन दिन/दिन ब-दिन -- day by day, from day today, daily, with the passage oftime.
दिनमान -- duration of the day; time interval between sunrise andsunset.
दिन रात/रैन -- day and night, always, all the time.
दिनशेष -- evening.
दिनांत -- the close of the day, sunset.
दिनांध -- day-blind.
दिनांध ता -- day-blindness.
दिनागम -- day-break, morning.
दिनारंभ -- day-break, beginning of the day.
दिन कटना -- to bemarking time, to be dragging outone's days; to be passing a lifeof pain and sorrow.
दिन काटना -- todrag out one's days, to maintainoneself somehow; to survivehardship.
दिन को तारे दिखना, दिन कोतारे नज़र आना -- to have the starsdance before one's eyes (by ablow etc.); to be thoroughlybeaten up.
दिन को तारे दिखाना -- tomake stars dance before one'seyes (by a blow etc.); to beat upthoroughly; to put in a very tightcorner.
दिन को दिन रात को रात न समझना -- to be completely lost in work; to take no notice of thepassage of time.
दिन को पर कहना -- toreverse the truth.
दिन गँवाना -- to wastetime, to while away time.
दिन गिनना -- to pass uneventful days, to keepon waiting from day to day.
दिन चढ़ना -- the day to be far advanced, the sun to have gone up in thesky; to pass beyond the time (ofmenstruation).
दिन चढ़े -- late in the.
  • दिनचर्या dincharya: — (nf) daily routine.
  • दिनां/क dinā:ṅk — (nm) date.
दिनांकित -- dated.
  • दिनेश dinesh — (nm) the sun.
  • दिप/ना dipnā: — (v) to glow, to glitter, to shine; also दिपदिपाना.
  • दिमाग़ dima:g̣ — (nm) the brain, mind intellect; conceit.
दिमाग़दार -- intelligent; conceited.
दिमाग़दारी -- intelligence; conceitedness.
दिमाग़-आसमान पर चढ़ाना -- to turn one's head.
दिमाग़ आसमान पर होना -- to have a swollen head, tothink no end of oneself, to be verymuch conceited.
दिमाग़ करना -- to puton airs, to be conceited.
दिमाग़ की खिड़कियाँ खुली होना -- to have an openmind/head.
दिमाग़ खपाना -- to tax one'smind.
दिमाग़ खाना/चाटना -- to pester withconstant babble, to tire outsomebody by continuous chatter, to inflict continuous prate onsomebody.
दिमाग़ ख़ाली करना -- to beator rack the brain.
दिमाग़ चढ़ना -- to getinflated by conceit.
दिमाग़ ठंडा होना -- tobe restord to normalcy, to cometo senses.
दिमाग़ न मिलना -- to be unableto fathom the conceit (of); tobe too fastidious to make adjustments.
दिमाग़ पर ज़ोर डालना -- to tax one'sbrain.
दिमाग़ फिर जाना -- one's head tobe turned, to have a swollenhead.
दिमाग़ बिगाड़ना -- be turn one's head, to make one dizzy.
दिमाग़ में आना -- totake to one's head.
दिमाग़ में ख़लल होना -- something to be psychologicallywrong, not to be in mental equilibrium.
दिमाग़ में ठूँसना -- to hammer (anidea etc.) into somebody's head.
दिमाग़ में बैठ जाना -- to go to one's head.
दिमाग़ लड़ाना -- to exercise or tax one'sbrain.
दिमाग़ सातवें आसमान पर होना -- tobe too conceited/vainglorious, to think no end of oneself.
  • दिमाग़ी dima:g̣i: — (a) mental, pertaining to the brain or mind; intellectual.
दिमाग़ी ऐयाशी -- mental indulgence.
दिमाग़ी तनाव -- mental tension.
दिमाग़ी दिवालियापन -- intellectual bankruptcy.
दिमाग़ी लड़ाई -- intellectual conflict.
  • दिया diya: — (nm) a lamp, an earthen lamp; (v) past tense form of देना-gave; (a) given.
दिया बढ़ाना -- to putout a lamp.
दियाबत्ती -- lights, lamp, etc.
दियाबत्ती करना -- to make thelights, to light up the lamp.
  • दियासलाई diya:sala:i: — (nf) a match-stick; a matchbox, safety match.
दियासलाई दिखाना/दियासलाई लगाना -- to put on fire; to damn, to be done with it.
  • दियानत diya:nat — (nm) see दयानत.
दियानतदार -- see दयानतदार.
दियानतदारी -- see दयानतदारी.
  • दिल dil — (nm) the heart; courage; spirit; will.
दिलकश -- attractive, alluring, charming; hence दिलकशी (nf).
दिलख़ुश -- pleasant.
दिलगीर -- heart-sick.
  • दिलच/स्प dilchasp — (a) interesting.
दिलचस्पी -- interest.
दिलचस्पी लेना -- to take interest.
  • दिलाना dila:nā: — (v) to cause to be given/handed over.
  • दिला/वर dila:var — (a) bold, brave, courageous.
दिलावरी -- boldness, bravery, courageousness.
  • दिलासा dila:sa: — (nm) consolation, solace; assurance.
दिलासा देना -- to console; to comfort; to assure.
  • दिली dili: — (a) heart-felt, hearty, cordial; sincere.
  • दिले/र diler — (a) courageous, daring, brave; volorous.
दिलेरी -- courage, bravery, daring, valour.
  • दिल्लगी dillagi: — (nf) jest, joke, fun; humour.
दिल्लगीबाज़ -- funny; humour-some; jocular.
दिल्लगीबाज़ी -- jocularity, funmaking.
  • दिल्ला dilla: — (nm) a panel of a door or window.
दिल्लाबंदी -- panelling.
दिल्लेदार -- panelled.
  • दिल्ली dilli: — (nf) Delhi—the capital city of India.
दिल्ली दूर है -- lit. Delhi isstill a far cry—fulfilment of adream/mission is still far off.
दिल्ली में बारह बरस रह कर भी भाड़ झोंका -- to be in the midst of all opportunities and yet to avail of none.
  • दिवंगत divāṅgat — (a) late, deceased.
  • दिवस divas — (nm) a day.
दिवस निशि -- day and night.
  • दिवांध divā:ndh — (a) day-blind.
दिवांधता -- day-blindness.
  • दिवा diva: — (nm) a day.
दिवाकर -- the sun.
दिवा-रात्रि -- day and night.
दिवास्वप्न -- a day-dream.
दिवास्वप्न देखना -- to day-dream; to build castles in the air.
  • दीवाना di:va:nā: — (a) see दिवाना.
  • दिवालख़ोर dival:ḳḥor — (nm) a lame duck.
  • दिवाला diva:la: — (nm) bankruptcy, insolvency.
दिवाला निकलना/पिटना -- to become a bankrupt/insolvent.
  • दिवालिया diva:liya: — (nm) a bankrupt; an insolvent.
  • दिवाली diva:li: — (nf) a Hindu festival celebrated on the day of the newmoon of कार्तिक, when lamps arelit on house-tops etc. symbolising the conquest of light overdarkness and of good over evil; (fig.) times of merriment.
  • दिव्य divvy — (a) divine, celestial; charming, beautiful; brilliant.
दिव्यचक्षु -- gifted with divine vision, charming-eyed; blind.
दिव्यदृष्टी -- divine insight; penetrating vision.
दिव्य पुरुष -- divine person.
दिव्यमूर्ति -- divinebeing/figure; hence दिव्यता, दिव्यत्व.
  • दिव्यांगना divvya:ṅganā: — (nf) a celestial dame; nymph.
  • दिशा disha: — (nf) a direction; line.
दिशांतरण -- redirection.
दिशा निर्देश -- guidance, direction.
  • दिशाशूल disha:shu:l — (nm) any inauspicious planetary conjunction forbidding departure from or tocertain directions on certainspecified days.
  • दिसंबर disāmbar — (nm) (the month of) December.
  • दिसाव/र disa:var — (nm) another country/region; foreign mart.
दिसावरी -- imported; belonging to anotherregion or country.
  • दीं dī: — (v) gave—feminine plural past tense form of देना.
  • दी di: — (v) gave—feminine singular past tense form of देना; (nf) abbreviated form of दीदी—elder sister.
  • दीक्षक di:kshak — (nm) an initiator; a preceptor.
  • दीक्षण di:kshāṉ — (nm) (the process or act of) initiation.
  • दीक्षांत di:kshā:nt — (nm) the end of preceptorial period, the conclusion of a phase of education.
दीक्षांत (अभि) भाषण -- a convocation address.
दीक्षांत समारोह -- convocation.
  • दीक्षा di:ksha: — (nf) initiation.
दीक्षागुरु -- the initiator, preceptor.
  • दीक्षित di:kshit — (a) initiated.
  • दीखना di:khnā: — (v) to be visible/seen.
  • दीगर di:gar — (a) another; different.
  • दीजिए di:jie — (v) honorofic imperative form of the verb देना —please give.
दीजिएगा -- interchangeable with दीजिए in practical usage but has adistinctness in as far as it pointsto a slightly more remote future.
  • दी/दा di:da: — (nm) an eye; vision.
दीदावर -- a connoisseur, one whocan appreciate.
दीदे निकालना -- tostare, to cast an angry look.
दीदे फाड़ना -- to stare, to gaze.
दीदेलगना -- to be attentive; to concentrate (in some work).
दीदे लड़ाना -- toexchange amorous glances.
दीदे का पानी ढल जाना -- to be lost to shame.
  • दीदार di:da:r — (nm) sight, view, appearance; seeing.
  • दीदी di:di: — (nf) (a form of address for) an elder sister.
  • दीन di:n — (a) poor, miserable, humble, arousing a sense of compassion; (nm) religion.
दीन-ईमान -- religion and morality.
दीनदयालु -- kind andconsiderate to the poor; an epithetof God.
दीनदार -- religious-minded, devout.
दीन दुनिया -- this world andthe other world.
दीन धर्म -- religionand morality.
दीनबंधु -- a helper ofthe poor, compassionate; anepithet of God.
दीनवस्तल -- see दीनदयालु.
  • दीनानाथ di:nā:nā:th — (nm) Lord/protector of the poor; an epithet of God.
  • दीनार di:na:r — (nm) an ancient gold-coin, once current in Asian andEuropean countries.
  • दीप di:p — (nm) an earthen lamp; the most eminent person of a familyor clan.
दीपगृह -- a light-house.
दीपदान -- offering of a lamp to a deity foradoration.
दीपमाला/मालिका -- a rowof lamps; the दिवाली festival.
दीपवर्ति/वर्तिका -- the wick of a lamp.
दीपशिखा -- the flame of a lamp.
दीपस्तंभ -- a lamp-post.
दीप से दीप जले -- one lamp kindles another.
  • दीपक di:pak — (nm) a lamp.
दीपक बुझना -- the light to go out; one's lineageto come to an end.
  • दीपकाकार, दीपाकार di:paka:ka:r, di:pa:ka:r — (a) resembling theshape or structure of a दीपक or.
  • दीपाधार di:pa:dha:r — (nm) a lamp-stand.
  • दीपावली di:pa:vali: — (nf) see दिवाली.
  • दीपित di:pit — (a) see दीप्त.
  • दीप्त di:pt — (a) radiant; luminous, brilliant, bright.
  • दीप्ति di:pti — (nf) lustre, splendour, luminosity, brilliance, flash.
दीप्तिभ्रम -- photism.
दीप्तिमान -- radiant, lustrous, brilliant, shining.
दीप्ति रेखा -- a trace.
  • दीबाचा di:ba:cha: — (nm) a preface.
  • दीमक di:māk — (nf) termite, white ant.
दीमक लगना -- to be termite-infested/termite-eaten.
  • दीया di:ya: — (nm) see दिया.
  • दीर्घ di:rgh — (a) long; large; wide; tall, huge; deep.
दीर्घकाय -- tall, gigantic.
दीर्घकालिक -- sustained; chronic.
दीर्घजीवी -- long-living, blessed withlongevity.
दीर्घता -- length; largeness; width; hugeness.
दीर्घ निःश्वास -- a deepsigh.
दीर्घलोचन -- wide-eyed.
दीर्घवत् -- oblong.
दीर्घवृत्त -- ellipse.
दीर्घवृत्ताकार -- elliptical.
दीर्घसूत्रता -- dilatoriness, procrastination.
दीर्घसूत्री -- a slow-coach; procrastinator; dilatory.
दीर्घ स्वर -- long vowel.
  • दीर्घा di:rgha: — (nf) a gallery.
  • दीर्घाकार di:rgha:ka:r — (a) gigantic, huge, colossal.
  • दीर्घायु di:rgha:yu — (a) long-lived, long-living, blessed with long life; (nf) longevity.
दीर्घायुष्य -- see दीर्घायु.
  • दीर्घावकाश di:rgha:vka:sh — (nm) long vacation.
  • दीर्घावधि dirgha:vadhi — (a and nf) long term.
  • दीवट di:vaṭ — (nf) a lamp-stand.
  • दीवा di:va: — (nm) see दीया.
  • दीवान di:vā:n — (nm) a Chief Minister (in a royal court), dewan; a couch without back-rest; a royalcourt; a collection of poems.
दीवान-ए-आम -- a public hall of audience.
दीवानखाना -- a drawing room, a hallof audience.
दीवान-ए-खास -- a hall ofprivate audience.
  • दीवानगी di:va:ngi: — (nf) craziness, madness.
  • दीवाना di:va:nā: — (a) mad, crazy, insane.
दीवानापन -- madness, craziness, insanity.
  • दीवानी di:va:nī: — (nf) a civil court; the office of a दीवान (see); (a) civil(law etc., as opposed to criminal); feminine form of दीवाना.
दीवानी-क़ानून -- civil law, civic law.
  • दीवार di:va:r — (nf) a wall.
दीवार खड़ी करना, के बीच -- to create a gulf (between), to raise a barrier (between).
दीवार ढह जाना -- barriers to be razed; (दीवार) दीवारों के भी कान होते हैं walls alsohave ears.
दीवार बनना -- to act as abarrier, to cause separation between.
  • दीवाल di:va:l — (nf) see दीवार.
  • दीवाली di:va:li: — (nf) see दिवाली.
  • दुंद dūnd — (nm) see द्वंद्व.
  • दुंदुभि dūndubhi: — (nf) a (huge) kettle-drum, drum.
  • दुंदुभि dūndubhi: — (nf) see दुंदुभि.
  • दुंबा dūmba: — (nm) a kind of ram which has a round, flat and tuft-like tail-end; unusually fat.
दुंबा होजाना -- to grow too fat.
  • दुः duh — a Sanskrit prefix signifying bad, evil, badly, wicked, wickedly, wrong, difficult, hard, contemptible, etc.
  • दुःख dukkh — (nm) sorrow; unhappiness; suffering, grief, distress.
दुःखकर -- distressing, grievous, bringingsorrow and suffering in its wake.
दुःखत्रय -- the three sorrows viz. physical, mundane and divine.
दुःखद -- painful, grievous/sorrowful; dolorous.
दुःखदायक/दुःखदायी -- painful, causing grief/sorrow; distressing, agonising.
दुःख-द्वंद्व -- distress and affliction.
  • दुःखमय dukkhmay — (a) full of sorrow, tragic, unhappy, dolorous, filled with grief.
  • दुःखांत dukkhā:nt — (a) tragic, culminating in a tragedy, resulting in grief; also दुःखांतक.
दुःखांत नाटक -- a tragedy.
  • दुःखांतिक dukkhā:ntika: — (nf) a tragedy, tragic play/drama.
  • दुःखातीत dukkha:ti:t — (a) impassible, transcending sorrow and suffering.
  • दुःखात्मक dukkhā:tmāk — (a) tragic; sorrowful, lugubrious, full ofsuffering; hence दुःखात्मकता (nf).
  • दुःखार्त्त dukkha:rt — (a) grief-stricken, overpowered by sorrow/suffering; hence दुःखार्त्तता (nf).
  • दुःखि/त dukkhit — (a) unhappy, sorrowful; grief-stricken, woeful; hence दुःखिता (fem.).
  • दुःखी dukkhi — (a) sorrowful, sad, unhappy; grief-stricken, afflicted, woeful.
  • दुःशील dushshi:l — (a) insolent, impudent, impertinent, ill-bred, wicked; hence दुःशीलता (nf).
  • दुःसह dussah — (a) intolerable, unbearable, unendurable; hence दुःसहता (nf).
  • दुःसाध्य dussa:dhy — (a) difficult, arduous, hard to accomplish; hence दुःसाध्यता (nf).
  • दुःसाहस dussa:has — (nm) audacity, effrontery, cheek.
  • दुःसाह/सी dussa:hasi: — (a) obtrusive, audacious, cheeky.
दुःसाहसिक -- audacious, cheeky (act etc.).
  • दुःस्वप्न dusswapn — (nm) a nightmare, an incubus.
  • दुःस्वभाव dusswabha:v — (a) ill-tempered; ill-natured.
  • दु du — an allomorph of दो used as the first member in numerous compound words.
दुअन्नी -- a two-annacoin.
दुअम्ली -- see राज.
दुआब (दुआबा) -- a tract of land lying inbetween two rivers.
दुगाना -- a duet.
दुगुना -- double; two-fold.
दुचित्ता -- double-minded; irresolute, uncertain.
दुतरफ़ा -- bilateral, two-sided.
दुतल्ला -- double-storeyed.
दुधारा -- double-edged.
दुधारी -- double-edged.
दुनाली -- double-barrelled.
दुपट्टा -- a rochet, scarf, an overall covercloth.
दुपलिया -- having two folds, double-folded; a kind of cap.
दुपहर -- noon, mid-day.
दुपहरिया -- asmall plant that grows red flowers.
दुपहरी -- see पहर.
दुफ़सली -- growing inboth the crops—rabi: and khari:f; indefinite, uncertain.
दुबारा -- asecond time, once again.
दुविधा -- uncertainty; suspense.
दुभाषिया -- an interpreter.
दुमंज़िला -- double-storeyed.
दुमाही -- bimonthly.
दुमुँहा -- double-mouthed, double-tongued.
दुरंगा -- two-coloured; duplex, treacherous, equivocal.
दुराज -- diarchy.
दुराजी -- diarchical government.
  • दुआ dua: — (nf) prayer, blessings.
दुआ सलाम -- slight acquaintance, nodding acquaintance; exchange of greetings.
दुआ में फ़र्क आना -- even thesuperficial relations to be spoiled, to be completely estranged.
दुआ करना -- to pray for.
दुआ देना -- to wish well, tobless.
दुआ माँगना -- to pray for (somebody's well-being).
दुआ लगना -- to haveone's prayer answered/blessingsfulfilled.
  • दुकड़ा dukṛa: — (nm) a pair; fitted in twos; one fourth of a pice.
  • दुकड़ी dukṛi: — (nf) duo, a set of two; a playing card having two pips; carriage drawn by two horses.
  • दुकान dukā:n — (nf) a shop.
दुकानदार -- a shopkeeper.
दुकानदारी -- shopkeeping; the work or job of a shopkeeper; higgling.
दुकान उठाना -- a shop/businessto be closed for good.
दुकान जमाना -- tofirmly establish a business/shop.
दुकान बढ़ाना -- to close the shop (for theday).
  • दुकाल duka:l — (nm) famine; scarcity.
  • दुकूल duku:l — (nm) a fine overall cloth.
  • दुकेला dukela: — (a) not alone, accompanied by another.
  • दुक्की dukki: — (nf) a playing card with two pips.
  • दुखंडा dukhāṉḍa: — (a) double-storeyed.
  • दुख dukh — (nm) see दुःख.
  • दुखड़ा dukhṛa: — (nm) saga of sufferings, tale of woes.
दुखड़ा रोना -- to narrate one's tale of woes, to describe thesaga of one's sufferings.
  • दुखना dukhnā: — (v) to ache; to suffer pain.
  • दुखाना dukha:nā: — (v) to inflict sorrow/grief/suffering; to cause pain; to grieve, to torment.
  • दुखित dukhit — (a) see दुःखित.
  • दुखिया dukhiya: — (a) suffering, in distress/grief, afflicted with sorrows.
  • दुखिया/रा dukhiya:ra: — (a) in the grip of sufferings, grieved, afflicted, indistress.
दुखियारी -- feminine adjectivalform of दुखियारा.
  • दुखी dukhi: — (a) see दुःखी.
  • दुगाना duga:nā: — (nm) a duel.
  • दुग्ध dugdh — (nm) milk.
दुग्ध पान -- taking milk.
दुग्धशाला -- a dairy.
  • दुत dut — (ind) avaunt !, be gone !.
  • दुतकार dutka:r — (nf) a sharp indignant snub, snub, contemptuous reprimand.
  • दुतकारना dutka:rnā: — (v) to administer a sharp snub, to snap, to reproachindignantly.
  • दुद्धी duddhi: — (nf) euphorbia, a milky medicinal grass.
  • दुध dudh — an allomorph of दूध used as the first member in certaincompounds.
दुधमुँहा -- suckling, stillfeeding on mother's milk; an infant; a know-nothing.
दुधहँड़ी -- anearthen pot for imparting slowheat to milk.
  • दुधा/र, दुधारू dudha:r, ~ru: — (a) milch; yielding much milk.
दुधा गाय की लातेंभी सहनी पड़ती हैं -- if you will enjoyfire, you must put up with thesmoke.
  • दुधैल dudhail: — (a) with a generous yield of milk.
  • दुनिया duniyā: — (nf) the world; people.
दुनियाई -- worldly, mundane.
दुनियादार -- .
  • दुनियावी duniya:vi: — (a) worldly, mundane.
  • दुबकना dubaknā: — (v) to be crouched, to be hidden, to be concealed, tolurk.
  • दुबला dubla: — (a) lean, thin, weak.
दुबला पतला -- lean and thin, scrawny; hence दुबलापन (nm).
  • दुबिधा dubidha: — (nf) a dilemma, fix.
दुबिधाग्रस्त -- on the horns of a dilemma, in a fix, in two minds.
दुबिधा में दोऊ गयेमाया मिली न राम -- if you run aftertwo hares, you will catch neither.
  • दुबे dube — (nm) a sub-caste of Brahmaṇs.
  • दुम dūm — (nf) tail; hind-most part (of an animal); a hanger-on, one who is a constant closefollower.
दुमदार -- tailed, having atail.
दुम के पीछे फिरना -- to followclosely.
दुम दबाकर भागना -- to turntails.
दुम दबा जाना -- to be scared away.
दुम बने फिरना/रहना -- to be a hanger-on, to always hang on.
दुम होना -- (saidironically) to be a symbol of (as ईमानदार की दुम); ṭ be an apologyfor.
दुम हिलाना -- to wag the tail likea dog, to flatter.
  • दुरंगी duraṅgi: — (a) see दु (दुरंगीरंगी).
दुरंगी चाल चलने वाला -- Jack of both sides, a double-dealer.
  • दुरंत durānt — (a) proving detrimental in the end; difficult to get through or to comprehend; violent; hence दुरंतता (nf).
  • दुर dur — (ind) stand off !; be gone !.
दुर दुर -- an utterance meant to drive off a dog.
  • दुरतिक्रम duratikkrām — (a) difficult to cross over, inaccessible, insurmountable, inviolable.
  • दुरदुराना durdura:nā: — (v) to drive off indignantly; to express contempt.
  • दुरना durnā: — (v) to hide (oneself), to get out of sight.
  • दुरन्वय duravnay — (a) difficult to follow/co-ordinate, incomprehensible.
  • दुरभिसंधि durabhisāndhi — (nf) a conspiracy, collusion, secret plot.
दुरभिसंधिकर्त्ता -- a conspirer, plotter.
  • दुरमुट durmūṭ — (nm) a (hand) rammer, beater, punner.
  • दुरवस्था duravastha: — (nf) predicament, miserable plight, pitiable state.
  • दुराकृति dura:kkriti — (nf) ugly; deformed, deshaped.
  • दुराग्रह dura:ggrah — (nm) contumacy, pertinacity; importunity, obduracy, mise en demure.
  • दुराग्रही dura:ggrahi: — (a) contumacious, pertinacious; importunate, mulish, obdurate.
  • दुरा/चरण, दुराचार dura:/charāṉ, ~cha:r — (nm) misconduct, malfeasance, wickedness; immorality, depravity.
  • दुराचा/री dura:cha:ri: — (a) wicked, malfeasant; immoral, licentious, depraved; hence दुराचारिता (nf).
  • दुरात्मा dura:tmā: — (a) wicked, vicious.
  • दुराराध्य dura:ra:ddhy — (a) fastidious, difficult to propitiate; hence दुराराध्यता(nf).
  • दुराव dura:v — (nm) concealment; reservation.
दुराव छिपाव -- concealmentand reservation.
  • दुराशय dura:shay — (a) malafide, malevolent; ill-meaning.
दुराशयता -- malafide, malevolence.
  • दुराशा dura:sha: — (nf) hope against hope, false hope.
  • दुरुपयोग durupyog — (nm) misuse, misusage, misapplication.
  • दुरु/स्त durust — (a) proper, fit, correct, all right.
दुरुस्ती -- correction, mending; refitting.
दुरुस्त करना -- to mend; to put to one's proper place, toteach a lesson.
  • दुरूह duru:h — (a) obscure, abstruse, unintelligible.
दुरूहता -- obscurity, abstrusencess; unintelligibility.
  • दुर् dur — an allomorph of दुः (see) (as दुर्वह, दुर्व्यसन, etc.).
  • दुर्गँध durgandh — (nf) bad odour, disagreeable smell, stench, stink.
  • दुर्ग durg — (nm) a fort, castle; citadel.
दुर्गपति -- master of a fort, fort commander.
दुर्गपाल -- protector of thefort, fort-guard.
  • दुर्गति durgati — (nf) predicament; misery, miserable state; distress.
दुर्गति करना/दुर्गति बनाना -- to force into amiserable plight; to give a goodthrashing.
  • दुर्गम durgām — (a) difficult, difficult of access/approach, inaccessible; hence दुर्गमता (nf).
  • दुर्गमनीय durgamanī:y — (a) see दुर्गमनीय-दुर्गम.
  • दुर्गा durga: — (nf) the spouse of Shiv, symbolising primaeval energyworshipped in different forms; a heroic woman-destroyer ofsinners; a shrew.
  • दुर्गु/ण durgūṉ — (nm) defect; fault, flaw; vice.
दुर्गुणी -- vicious, havingfaults or defects.
  • दुर्ग्राह्य durgra:hy — (a) untenable, difficult to accept/hold/adopt; hence दुर्ग्राह्यता (nf).
  • दुर्घटना durghaṭnā: — (nf) an accident, mishap, tragic incident.
दुर्घटनाग्रस्त -- ill-fated, that has suffered an accident, involved in a mishap.
दुर्घटना स्थल -- place/venue of an accident/a mishap.
  • दुर्जन durjān — (nm) a wicked person, rascal, scoundrel.
दुर्जनता -- wickedness, rascality.
  • दुर्जय durjay — (a) difficult to overcome or subdue, indomitable, impregnable.
  • दुर्जेय durjey — (a) inconquerable; hence दुर्जेयता (nf).
  • दुर्ज्ञेय durgyey — (a) impalpable, difficult to know/understand, incomprehensible, unintelligible; hence दुर्ज्ञेयता (nf).
  • दुर्दम durdām — (a) indomitable; irrepressible; unyielding; difficult to subdue.
  • दुर्द/मनीय, दुर्दम्य durdamni:y, ~mmy — (a) see दुर्दम; hence दुर्दमनीयता, दुर्दम्यता (nf).
  • दुर्दशा durdasha: — (nf) predicament, miserable plight, misery.
  • दुर्दांत durdā:nt — (a) see दुर्दम; hence दुर्दांतता (nf).
  • दुर्दिन durdīn — (nm) adverse times; bad weather (overcast with clouds).
  • दुर्दैव durdaiv — (nm) misfortune, ill-luck.
  • दुर्धर्ष durdharsh — (a) invincible, indomitable, difficult to subdue; hence दुर्धर्षता (nf).
  • दुर्नम्य durnāmmy — (a) inflexible, rigid; stiff.
दुर्नम्यता -- inflexibility; rigidity; stiffness.
  • दुर्नि/वार, दुर्निवार्य durni/va:r, ~va:ry — (a) unrestrainable, irrepresible; inevitable.
  • दुर्नीति durnī:ti — (nf) impolicy, impolitic conduct; vice.
  • दुर्ब/ल durbal — (a) weak, feeble; powerless; emaciated; imbecile.
दुर्बलता -- weakness, feebleness; emaciation, debility; imbecility.
दुर्बलमनस्क -- feeble-minded.
दुर्बलेच्छा -- velleity, weak will.
  • दुर्बुद्धि durbuddhi — (a) evil-minded, perverse; foolish, stupid.
  • दुर्बोध durbodh — (a) abstruse, obscure; unintelligible; hence दुर्बोधता (nf).
  • दुर्भर durbhar — (a) onerous, arduous; hence दुर्भरता (nf).
  • दुर्भाग्य durbha:ggy — (nm) misfortune, ill-luck; tragedy.
  • दुर्भाव durbha:v — (nm) malice, malevolence, ill-will.
  • दुर्भावना durbha:vnā: — (nf) see दुर्भाव.
  • दुर्भिक्ष durbhiksh — (nm) famine; scarcity, paucity.
  • दुर्भेद्य durbheddy — (a) invulnerable, impregnable.
  • दुर्योधन duryodhan — (nm) the villain of the great ancient Indianwar—Maha:Bha:rat, head of the kauravas.
दुर्योधन की जाँघ -- the Achilles' heel, the weakest point.
  • दुर्लंघ्य durlāṅghy — (a) impassable; inviolable, insurmountable; hence दुर्लंघ्यता (nf).
  • दुर्लभ durlabh — (a) rare, scarce; unattainable; unavailable; excellent; unique.
दुर्लभता -- rarity, scarcity; unavailability; excellence.
  • दुर्वचन durvachān — (nm) scurrility, scurrilous words; abuse; (a) scurrilous, foul-tongued.
  • दुर्वह durvah — (a) unbearable; difficult to carry.
  • दुर्वासना durva:snā: — (nf) malevolence, malicious disposition, malafideintention.
  • दुर्विनि/योग, दुर्विनियोजन durvini/yog, ~yojān — (nm) misappropriation.
  • दुर्विनीत durvinī:t — (a) impudent, defiant, ill-mannered.
  • दुर्विपाक durvipa:k — (nm) tragic end; accident, evil consequence.
  • दुर्वृ/त्त durvritt — (a) misbehaved; vile, wicked; hence दुर्वृत्ति (nf).
  • दुर्व्यवस्था durvyavastha: — (nf) maladministration; maladjustment, mismanagement; chaos.
  • दुर्व्यवहार durvyavha:r — (nm) misbehaviour, misconduct, ill-treatment.
  • दुर्व्यसन durvyasān — (nm) addiction; vice, dissipation.
  • दुलकी dulki: — (nf) trot, trotting.
दुलकी चलना -- to trot (as a horse).
  • दुलखना dulakhnā: — (v) to reject; not to accede to (a request etc.).
  • दुलत्ती dulatti: — (nf) a kick (by an ass or a horse) with the two hind legs.
  • दुलराना dulra:nā: — (v) to fondle, to caress, to pet.
  • दुलहन dulhan — (nf) bride.
दुलहन की तरह सजी हुई -- got up to kill, fascinatingly dressed.
  • दुलारा dula:ra: — (a) beloved, darling (child), dear.
  • दुविधा duvidha: — (nf) a dilemma, fix.
दुविधाग्रस्त -- see दुबिधा (दुविधाग्रस्त).
दुविधा में दोऊगये माया मिली न राम -- see दुविधा.
  • दुश/वार dushva:r — (a) difficult.
दुशवारी -- difficulty.
  • दुशाला dusha:la — (nm) see दु (दुशालाशाला).
  • दुश्चक्र dushchakkr — (nm) a vicious circle.
  • दुश्चरित्र dushcharitr — (nm) misconduct, malfeasance; depravity, profligacy; (a) deprave, degenerate; malfeasant; profligate; hence दुश्चरित्रता(nf).
  • दुश्म/न dushmān — (nm) enemy, foe.
दुश्मनी -- enmity, animus, hostility.
दुश्मनी मोल लेना -- to antagonise fornothing, to invite hostility.
  • दुष्कर dushkar — (a) difficult, hard.
  • दुष्क/र्म dushkarm — (nm) a misdeed; sin, vice, wrong.
दुष्कर्मा/दुष्कर्मी -- misdoer, wrong-doer; sinful, wicked.
  • दुष्काल dushka:l — (nm) hard time; time of scarcity; famine.
  • दुष्कीर्ति dushki:rti — (nf) infamy, disrepute, ill-reputation.
  • दुष्कृ/ति dushkriti — (nf) see दुष्कृत्य.
दुष्कृती -- sinner, a sinful man, wrong-doer.
  • दुष्कृत्य dushkritty — (nm) tort, evil deed, misdeed; sin, vicious act.
  • दुष्ट dushṭ — (a) wicked, vile; knave; bad; malevolent; faulty; (nm) ascoundrel, rascal, scamp.
दुष्टबुद्धि -- wicked, vile, vicious, mischievous.
  • दुष्टता dushṭata: — (nf) wickedness, viciousness, knavery; mischievousness; malevolence.
  • दुष्टात्मा dushṭa:tmā: — (a) see दुरात्मा.
  • दुष्परिग्रह dushparigrah — (a) difficult to subdue/domesticate/tame.
  • दुष्प्रकृति dnshprakriti — (nf) ill-temper, evil nature; (a) ill-tempered, evil-natured, churlish; base, mean, wicked.
  • दुष्प्रयोग dushprayog — (nm) misuse, misapplication; acyron.
  • दुष्प्रवृत्ति dnshpravritti — (nf) ill-trend, unwholesome tendency; meanmentality.
  • दुष्प्राप्य dushpra:ppy — (a) rare, scarce; difficult to achieve or attain.
  • दुसराना dusra:nā: — (v) to repeat, to say or do over again.
  • दुसह dusah — (a) see दुःसह.
  • दुस्तर dustar — (a) difficult to cross, impassable; insurmountable, insuperable.
  • दुह/त्ती, दुहत्थी, duhatti:, ~tthi: — (nm) a blow or stroke with the twopalms joined together.
  • दुहना duhnā: — (v) to milk; to squeeze, to exploit.
  • दुहनी duhnī: — (nf) a milking pot.
  • दुहरा duhra: — (a) two-fold, double-folded; double, dual.
  • दुहराना duhra:nā: — (v) to repeat, to say or do over again; to revise.
  • दुहाई duha:i: — (nf) an outcry or entreaty for help/mercy/justice; plaint; oath; loud proclamation; process of or wages paid for milking (a cow etc.).
दुहाई देना -- to appealin the name of.
  • दुहिता duhita: — (nf) a daughter.
  • दूज du:j — (nf) the second day of each lunar fortnight.
दूज का चाँद -- one whomakes a rare appearance, seenonly once in a blue moon.
  • दूत du:t — (nm) a messenger, courier; legate; an emissary, envoy.
दूत-कर्मं -- (the job of) message-carrying; envoyship.
  • दूतावास du:ta:va:s — (nm) an embassy, legation.
  • दूती du:ti: — (nf) a procuress, bawd.
  • दूध du:dh — (nm) milk; juicy substance of certain plants.
दूध-पूत -- men and money.
दूधवाला -- a milkman, milk-vendor.
दूध उतरना -- milkto desend into the udder orbreasts.
दूध का जला छाछ, फूँक-फूँक कर पीता हैं -- a burnt child dreads fire, once caught twice shy.
दूध का दूध और पानी का पानी -- sifting of truefrom the false/just from unjust.
दूध का धोया -- pure, unsullied, blemishless.
दूध की मक्खी -- an unwanted andinconsequential entity, an insignificant person.
दूध की तरह निकाल फेंकना -- to discard as unwanted andinconsequential.
दूध के दाँत -- calf's milkteeth.
दूध न टूटना -- to be too young andraw.
दूध को दूध और पानी को पानी कहना -- to call a spade a spade, to saywhat is true without fear orfavour.
दूध छुड़ाना -- to wean.
दूधपीता -- .
  • दूधिया du:dhiya: — (a) milky; milk-white; with a substantial quantity of milk; juicy; tender, green; (nm) a milk-vendor; an opal (also दूधिया पत्थर).
  • दून dū:n — (a) double; (nm) a valley.
दून की लेना/की हाकँना -- to boast, to brag, to talk tall.
  • दूना du:nā: — (a) double.
  • दूब du:b — (nf) a kind of green/lawn grass.
  • दूबदू du:badu: — (ind) face to face; in straight fight/contest, in directclash.
  • दूभर du:bhar — (a) difficult, onerous; arduous.
दूभर करना -- to make it toohot.
  • दूरंदेश du:randesh — (a) far-sighted, prudent, sagacious.
  • दूरंदेशी du:randeshi: — (nf) far-sightedness, prudence, sagacity.
  • दूर du:r — (adv and a) far off, far away, away; distant; remote.
दूरगामी -- far-reaching.
दूरग्राही -- teleceptor.
दूरचित्र -- telephoto.
दूरदर्शक -- prescient, prudent, far-seeing; atelescope.
दूरदर्शक यंत्र -- a telescope.
दूरदर्शन -- television.
दूरदर्शिता -- far-sightedness, prudence, sagacity.
दूरदर्शी -- far-sighted, prudent, sagacious.
दूरदृष्टि -- farsight; farsightedness.
दूरबीन -- a telescope.
दूरभाष -- a telephone.
दूरमुद्रक -- a teleprinter.
दूरवर्ती -- distant, remote.
दूरवीक्षण -- a telescope.
दूरवीक्षण यंत्र -- a telescope.
दूरसंचार -- telecommunication.
दूरसंवेद्य -- telesthetic.
दूरस्थ/दूरस्थित -- remote, distant, located/situated far away; outlying.
दूर करना -- to reject, to condemn; to ward off, to remove.
दूर का -- situated far away; remote; far-fetched.
दूर की करना -- to make aremarkable utterance, to make anutterance with far-reaching implications, to make a prudentremark.
दूर की कौड़ी -- far-fetchedimagination, fantastic idea.
दूर की बात -- a far cry; far-fetched remark; very subtle remark.
दूर की सोचना -- tovisualise future course of events; to be sagacious, to be prescient.
दूर के ढोल सुहावने -- far fowls have fairfeathers.
दूर क्यों जाइये ! -- why go far, take a ready example.
दूर से नमस्कार/सलाम करना -- to give wide berth to, to avoid, to steer clear of.
  • दूरान्वय du:ra:nnvay — (nm) maladjustment/misplacement/enjambment (of sentence parts).
  • दूरारूढ़ du:ra:ru:ṛḥ — (a) carried too far; far-fetched.
दूरारूढ़ कल्पना -- far-fetched imagination, fantastic idea.
  • दूरी du:ri: — (nf) distance, remoteness; range.
  • दूर्वा du:rva: — (nf) see दूब.
  • दूल्हा du:lha: — (nm) a bridegroom; husband.
  • दूषण du:shāṉ — (nm) contamination, pollution, stigma; defect, flaw.
  • दूषित du:shit — (a) contaminated, polluted; stigmatic; defective; defiled; corrupted; vitiated, sullied; vicious.
  • दूसरा du:sra: — (a) second; other, another; next.
दूसरों का मुँह ताकना -- to look to others for help.
दूसरों की ताल/ताली पर नाचना -- to dance tosome other's tune.
दूसरों के लिए काँटेबिछाना -- to seek to strew others'path with thorns.
दूसरों के हाथ बिकजाना -- to be sold out to another.
  • दृग drig — (nm) an eye.
  • दृढ़ driṛḥ — (a) firm, resolute, strong-willed; strong; tough; hard; rigid, tenacious.
दृढ़चेता -- strong-willed.
  • दृढ़ता driṛḥta: — (nf) firmness, resoluteness; toughness; strength; rigidity; tenacity.
  • दृढ़त्व driṛḥattv — (nm) see दृढ़ता.
  • दृढ़ोक्ति driṛḥokti — (nf) an assertion, averment.
  • दृप्त dript — (a) arrogant; overbearing; presumptuous; intoxicated with pride.
  • दृश्य drishshy — (nm) a scene; sight, spectacle, view; (a) visible, spectacular.
दृश्य घटना -- a phenomenon.
दृश्यलेख -- a panorama; scenario.
दृश्य-श्राव्य -- audiovisual.
  • दृश्यता drishshyata: — (nf) visibility; visual character; range.
  • दृश्यमान drishshyamā:n — (a) visible, perceptible, tangible; apparent, obvious; hence दृश्यमानता (nf).
  • दृश्यांतर drishshya:ntar — (nm) wipe; change-scene.
  • दृश्यावली drishshya:vali: — (nf) a scenery; panorama.
  • दृष्टकूट drishṭakuṭ: — (nm) an enigmatic composition.
  • दृष्ट/वाद drishṭava:d — (nm) empiricism.
दृष्टवादी -- an empiricist; empirical.
  • दृष्टांत drishṭā:nt — (nm) an instance; illustration (a figure of speech); precedent.
दृष्टांत कथा -- a parable.
  • दृष्टि drishṭi — (nf) sight; view; vision; glance.
दृष्टिकोण -- viewpoint, pointof view.
दृष्टिक्षीणता -- asthenopia.
दृष्टिगत -- seen, viewed, perceived.
दृष्टिगोचर -- visible, perceptible; apparent.
दृष्टिदोष -- visual deficiency/defect, misperception.
दृष्टिपटल -- the retina.
दृष्टिपथ -- visualrange.
दृष्टिपरक -- visible, visual.
दृष्टिपात -- glance, glancing, viewing.
दृष्टिबंध -- set (in theatre, etc.).
दृष्टिभ्रम -- opticalillusion.
दृष्टिमूलक -- visual; pertainingto one's sight/view.
दृष्टिलेख -- scenario.
दृष्टिलेखक -- a scenarist.
दृष्टि वैषम्य -- astigmatism.
दृष्टिहीन -- blind.
दृष्टिपातकरना -- to view, to glance.
दृष्टि देना -- togive an insight (into).
दृष्टि फेरना -- towithdraw one's favour.
दृष्टि बचाना -- to evade, to avoid being sighted.
दृष्टि रखना -- to keep a watch on, tokeep under observation.
  • देख/ना dekhnā: — (v) to see, to look; to view; to perceive; to observe; to read; to correct; to consider; to experience.
देख कर जलना, (किसी को) -- to look through green glasses.
देखते बनना -- a sight worth seeing, asight for the gods to see देख न सकनाnot to stand the very sight of.
देख लेना -- (as देख लेंगे) to face themusic.
  • देख-भाल dekh-bha:l — (nf) care; maintenance; supervision.
  • देख-रेख dekh-rekh — (nf) supervision, guidance, care.
  • देखा-देखी dekha:-dekhi: — (adv) in emulation/imitation of, inspired by the example of.
  • देग deg — (nf) a cauldron.
  • देगची degchi: — (nf) a small cauldron.
  • देदीप्यमान dedi:pyamā:n — (a) brilliant, lustrous, resplendent, radiant.
देदीप्यमानता -- brilliance, lustre, resplendence, radiance.
  • देन den — (nf) contribution; gift; giving.
देनगी -- charge, payment due.
देनदार -- a debtor.
देनदारी -- paymentdue; indebtedness.
देन-लेन -- give andtake; exchange; banking business.
देनहार -- a giver.
  • दे/ना denā: — (v) to give; to grant; to confer, to bestow; to entrust, toassign; to yield, to surrender; usedfreely and frequently as an auxiliary verb, as कर दिया, चल दिया, दे.
  • देय dey — (a) worth giving; payable; due; hence देयता (nf).
  • देर der — (nf) delay; lag.
देर-सवेर -- sooner or later.
देर आयद दुरुस्त आयद -- betterlate than never.
  • देरी deri: — (nf) delay; lag.
  • देव dev — (nm) a god, deity; a respectable person; a giant, demon.
देवऋण -- the debt of the gods.
देवकन्या -- a celestial maiden, nymph.
देवकार्य -- a religious rite or sacrificeperformed for propitiating a deity.
देवकुल -- pantheon.
देवगण -- gods intheir totality, divine community.
देवगृह -- a temple; the abode of adeity.
देवचर्या -- worship, adoration.
देवत्रयी -- the divine trio of Brahma:, Vishṉū, Mahesh.
देवदारु -- a pinetree, cedar.
देवदासी -- a temple dancer, a dancing girl dedicated toa deity.
देवदूत -- an angel, a prophet, divine messenger.
देवनदी -- the riverof gods—the Gaṅga:.
देव-प्रतिमा -- the idol of a deity.
देवबाला -- anymph, a celestial damsel.
देवभाषा -- Sanskrit—the language of gods.
देवमूर्ति -- the idol of a deity.
देवयान -- acelestial plane.
देववाणी -- see देवभाषा.
देवसभा -- the assembly of gods.
देवस्थान -- a temple.
  • देवता devta: — (nm) a god, deity; divine being.
देवता कूच कर जाना -- to bedumb -founded, to be terriblynervous.
  • देदत्व devatv — (nm) godhood; godliness, divinity.
  • देवनागरी devna:gri: — (nf) the script which evolved in India during thepost-Gupta era and ultimatelydeveloped into a systematic andscientific instrument of writingduring the 10th and 11th centuriesA.D. Scholars have attributed, though not conclusively, various reasons for its nomenclature. It is the script, at present, adopted for writing Hindi: andMara:ṭḥi: in their respective areasand for Sanskrit all over India.
देवनागरी अक्षर -- Dev:na:gri: character(s).
देवनागरी वर्णमाला -- the Devna:gri: alphabet.
  • देवर devar — (nm) husband's younger brother.
  • देवरानी devra:nī: — (nf) husband's younger brother's wife.
  • देवांगना devā:ṅganā: — (nf) a god's spouse; celestial damsel.
  • देवाधिदेव deva:dhidev — (nm) the god of gods, Lord Shiv (also Vishṉū).
  • देवाल deva:l — (nm) one who gives; one who owes; one who wants torepay (a loan etc.); a seller.
  • देवालय deva:lay — (nm) a temple, seat of a deity.
  • देवी devi: — (nf) a goddess; the goddess Durga:; (deferential term for a) lady.
देवी दिन काटें पंडा परचौ (परिचय) माँगें -- a deity in trouble has to prove himself even to a devotee.
  • देश desh — (nm) a country; land; native home; region; space.
देश काल -- timeand space; native land (as देश-काल का समाचार सुनाओ).
देश दोष -- anachronism.
देशज -- native; local; a word evolved indigenously, indigenous.
देश-दर्शन -- seeing the land/country.
देश-देशांतर -- one's own andother lands.
देश-दोष -- anachronism.
देश धर्म -- religion/morals/conduct befittingor prevailing in a country.
देशभक्त -- a patriot.
देशभक्ति -- patriotism.
देशभक्ति पूर्ण -- patriotic.
देशभक्ति-भाव -- patrioticsentiment.
देश भाषा -- native language, language current in a country.
देश-विदेश -- native and alien lands.
  • देश/द्रोह deshddroh — (nm) treason.
  • देशनिकाला deshnika:la: — (nm) expatriation; exile, banishment.
  • देशांतर deshā:ntar — (nm) terrestrial longitude, longitude; another/foreign country.
देशांतरगमन -- migration; transmigration.
देशांतरण -- migration; transmigration.
  • देशाचार desha:cha:r — (nm) native custom/practice/usage.
  • देशाटन desha:ṭān — (nm) going round the country; going from one country to another.
  • देशी deshi: — (a) native; indigenous, local.
  • देशीकरण deshi:karāṉ — (nm) naturalisation.
  • देशीय deshi:y — (a) see देशी.
  • देशीयकरण deshi:yakarāṉ — (nm) see देशीकरण.
  • देस des — (nm) see देश.
देसवाल -- co-native, co-patriot.
  • देसाव/र desa:var — (nm) a foreign country; an export-centre, marketing centre.
देसावरी -- of or belonging to a foreign country/exportcentre; imported.
देसावरी माल -- importedgoods/stuff; brought from amarketing centre.
  • देसी desi: — (a) indigenous, native, country-made.
  • देह deh — (nf) body, person; physique; soma.
देहत्याग -- voluntary end oflife, abandonment of the physicalform.
देह-धर्म -- physical/bodily functions; corporeal requirements.
देहधर्मी -- somatic.
देहधारी -- possessing aphysical form/body; corporeal.
देहपात -- death.
देहविज्ञान -- somatology.
देहसार -- somaplasm.
देह को लगना -- tonourish the body.
देह चुराना -- (said ofa woman) to conceal one's youthfulness/physical charm.
देह छोड़ना -- to die.
देह टूटना -- to feel pain in thebody (due to strain, exhaustion, exertion or fever).
देह ढलना -- physicaldecay/decline to set in; to becomeloose and lustreless; to losemuscularity.
देह धरना -- to be born; toacquire a physical form.
देह धरे को दंड है सब काहू को होय -- its the wayof all flesh.
देह में आग लगना -- to getinfuriated/enraged.
  • देह/क़ान dehqā:n — (nm) a villager, rustic fellow; (a) rustic, rural.
देहक़नियत -- rusticity; incivility.
देहक़ानी -- rustic, rural.
  • देहरी dehri: — (nf) the threshold doorsill, doorstep.
देहरी पार करना -- tocross the doorstep.
  • देहली dehli: — (nf) see देहरी.
  • देहांत dehā:nt — (nm) death, demise.
  • देहाकृति deha:kkriti — (nf) physical form; somatotype.
  • देहा/त deha:t — (nm) countryside; village.
देहाती -- a villager; rustic; rural; hence देहातीपन (nm).
  • देहातीत deha:ti:t — (a) transcendental, incorporeal, beyond physical limitations.
देहातीतवाद -- transcendentalism.
  • देहात्म deha:tm — (nm) the body and soul.
देहात्मवाद -- a philosophic principlethat identifies body with the soul, materialism.
देहात्मवादी -- a materialist; materialistic.
  • देहावसान deha:vsā:n — (nm) death, demise.
  • दैत्य daitty — (nm) a demon, giant, ogre.
  • दैत्याकार daittya:ka:r — (a) giant-sized, ogrish.
  • दैनंदि/न daināndīn — (a and adv) daily, diurnal, from day to day, day byday.
दैनंदिनी -- a diary.
  • दैनि/क dainīk — (a) daily; (nm) daily newspaper.
दैनिकी -- a diary.
  • दैन्य dainny — (nm) meekness, humbleness; poverty, indigence.
  • दैया daiya: — (nf) (a proclamation of utter helplessness) oh God! Gosh!Goodness gracious!; also दैया रे दैया.
  • दैर्ध्य dairghy — (nm) length; expanse.
  • दैव daiv — (nm) fate, fortune, destiny.
दैवकृत -- supernatural, vis major.
दैवगति -- accident; course of events asinspired by Divine Will.
दैव दुर्विपाक -- misfortune; irony of fate.
दैवयोग -- chance, accident.
दैववश -- by chance, accidentally.
दैववशात् -- by chance, accidentally.
दैववाणी -- an oracle; Sanskrit—the speech of gods.
दैववाद -- fatalism.
दैववादी -- a fatalist; fatalistic.
दैवहीन -- unfortunate, unlucky; ill-fated.
दैव दैव आलसी पुकारा -- its the indolent alone who shoutfor a divine prop, its the do-nothings who wait for a miracle.
  • दैवात् daiva:t — (adv) by chance, accidentally.
  • दैविक daivik — (a) divine, godly, pertaining to or inspired by god(s).
  • दैवी daivi: — (a) divine, ethereal, celestial.
  • दैहिक daihik — (a) physical, somatic, corporeal; material.
  • दोंचना dōchnā: — (v) to pound, to crush; to give a beating/thrashing.
  • दो do — (a) two; (nm) the number two; (for compounds also see दुदो).
दोअमली -- diarchy; dual administration.
दोआब, दोआबा -- doab, a tract of country lyingbetween two rivers; the territorylying between the rivers गंगा and यमुना.
दोएक -- one or two, a few.
दोगला -- a bastard, crossbred; illegitimate.
दो-चार -- a few, several.
दो-टूक -- decisive, categorical, crystal clear(statement, talk, etc.).
दो-टूक फ़ैसलाकरना -- the door must either be shutor open; to arrive at a conclusivedecision.
दोपहर -- midday; noon.
दोपहरी -- midday, noon.
दोफ़सली -- yielding two crops a year.
मुँहा -- see दु (दोमुँहा).
दोरुखा -- double-faced; having two faces or aspects.
दोसाला -- biennial, of two years.
दो की चार सुनाना -- to pay in the samecoin along with interest.
दो कौड़ी का -- worth nothing, inconsequential.
दो घोड़ों पर सवारी करना -- to ride twohorses at a time.
दो-चार -- a few.
दो-चार होना -- to be confronted with.
दो-दो हाथ करना -- to try out comparative strength.
दो दिन का -- of recentorigin, comparatively young ornew; transitory.
दो दिन का मेहमान -- one whose days are numbered, witha short lease of life.
दो मुल्लाओं में मुर्ग़ी हराम -- too many cooks spoil thebroth.
दो नावों पर पैर रखना -- to ridetwo horses at a time.
दो रोटी कमाना -- to earn one's livelihood, tomake both ends meet.
दो शब्द -- a fewwords.
दो सिर होना -- to be ready toface death; to invite one's doom, to tread the path of sure doom.
  • दोज़/ख़ dozaḳḥ — (nm) the hell, inferno.
दोज़ख़ी -- hellish, infernal.
  • दोना donā: — (nm) a cup formed by folding up large-sized leaves ofcertain trees (as ढाक, बड़, etc.).
  • दोनों donō — (a) both, the two.
दोनों वक़्त मिलना -- to become dusk.
दोनों हाथ लड्डूहोना -- to have victory on the onehand and conquest on the other.
दोनों होथों से लुटाना -- to burn the candleat both ends.
  • दोयम doyam — (a) number two, the second.
  • दोलक dolak — (nm) an oscillator; a rocker.
  • दोलन dolān — (nm) oscillation; rocking.
  • दोलायमान dola:ymā:n — (a) oscillating; rocking; wavering, unsteady, fickle.
  • दोलायित dola:it — (a) see दोलित.
  • दोलित dolit — (a) oscillated; rocked; wavered, unsteady.
  • दोष dosh — (nm) a fault; flaw, guilt; defect; demerit; blame; disorder(of the humours of the body).
दोषकारी -- harmful, damaging; creating disorder.
दोषत्रय -- see त्रिदोष.
दोष-दृष्टी -- a fault-finding eye.
दोष-पत्र -- a charge sheet.
दोषपूर्ण/युक्त -- defective; faulty; guilty.
दोष देना -- to accuse; to make an accusation.
दोष मढ़ना -- tolevel a charge against.
दोष सिद्ध कर देना -- to bring home to, to substantiate a charge.
  • दोषारोप, दोषारोपण dosha:rop.
दोषारोपāṉ -- -- (nm) charging, accusation.
  • दोषी doshi: — (a and nm) (the) guilty; culprit.
  • दोस्त dost — (nm) a friend.
दोस्तनवाज़ -- a cherisher of friends, kindly disposed towards friends; hence दोस्तनवाज़ी (nf).
  • दोस्ताना dosta:nā: — (nm) friendship, friendliness; (a) friendly, worthyof a friend.
  • दोस्ती dosti: — (nf) friendship.
दोस्ती गाँठना -- to make friends with an ulteriormotive.
  • दोहद dohad — (nm) the longings of a pregnant woman.
  • दोहन dohān — (nm) milking; exploitation.
  • दोह/रा dohra: — (a) double, two-folded; equivocal; stoutish (as बदन).
दोहरा साधन -- two strings to one bow.
दोहरी चाल चलना -- to play a doublegame.
दोहरी बात -- an equivoque, ambiguous utterance.
  • दोहराना dohra:nā: — (v) to revise, to recapitulate; to repeat, to reiterate; to make two-fold.
  • दोहा doha: — (nm) a typical Hindi poetic metre; a couplet.
  • दौँचना dauchnā — (v) see दोंचना.
  • दौंची dauchi: — (nf) a road-dint.
  • दौड़ dauṛ — (nf) a race; run, running.
दौड़-धूप -- endeavour, running about; all out effort.
दौड़ मारना/लगाना -- tomake a dash; to make a long andhurried journey; to run about (forfulfilment of some objective).
  • दौड़ना dauṛnā: — (v) to run, to run about; to rush.
  • दौड़ादौड़ी dauṛa:dauṛi: — (nf) haste, hastiness, urgency; all out effort.
  • दौर daur — (nm) a phase; stage; round.
दौर-दौरा -- sway, dominance.
दौर चलना -- to have one round after another.
दौर-पर दौर चलना -- one round to continue after another, to have roundafter round.
  • दौरा daura: — (nm) a tour; fit.
दौरा आना/पड़ना -- to have a fit.
दौरा करना -- to (undertake a) tour.
दौरा सुपुर्द करना -- to commit to the sessions.
दौरे पर रहना/होना -- to be out on a tour.
  • दौरान daurā:n: — .
इसीदौरान -- in the meanwhile; during this period.
केदौरान -- during.
  • दौर्बल्य daurbally — (nm) weakness; infirmity, debility.
  • दौर्मनस्य daurmānassy — (nm) ill-will, malevolence.
  • दौलत daulat — (nm) riches, wealth.
दौलतख़ाना -- (euphemistically) residence.
दौलतमंद -- rich, wealthy, opulent, moneyed.
दौलतमंदी -- richness, wealthiness; opulence.
दौलत से इज्ज़त भली -- agood name is better than a goldengirdle.
  • दौवारिक dauva:rik — (nm) a door-keeper, gateman.
  • दौहि/त्र dauhittr — (nm) daughter's son, grandson; hence दौहित्री (nf).
  • द्युति dyuti — (nf) radiance, lustre, brilliance, glow.
द्युतिमंत/मान -- radiant, lustrous, brilliant, bright.
  • द्यूत dyu:t — (nm) gambling ; द्यूतकर/कार — .
  • द्योतक dyotak — (a) illustrative (of), expressive (of), exemplifying/signifying.
  • द्योतन dyotān — (nm) illustration expression, exemplification/signification.
  • द्योतित dyotit — (a) illustrated, expressed, signified; lighted, illuminated.
  • द्रव drav — (nm) a liquid, fluid.
द्रवचालित -- hydraulic.
द्रवता/त्व -- fluidity; liquidity.
द्रवशील -- melting, prone to meltaway.
द्रवस्थैतिक -- hydrostatic.
द्रवस्थैतिकी -- hydrostatics.
  • द्रवण dravāṉ — (nm) melting, flowing.
द्रवणशील -- melting, prone to melt/flow; hence द्रवण शीलता (nf).
  • द्रविड़ draviṛ — (a) Dravidian, (nm); the Dravidian country; a Dravidian.
द्रविड़ देश -- the Dravidian country.
द्रविड़ प्राणायाम -- lit. catching the nose for holding the breath (प्राणायम) by bringing the right hand over the head —a round about way of doing athing; making a detour.
  • द्रविण draviṉ — (nm) wealth, prosperity.
  • द्रवित dravit — (a) melted; moved (by emotion).
  • द्रवीभूत dravi:bhu:t — (a) melted; moved (by emotion).
  • द्रव्य dravvy — (nm) substance, matter; money; (a) material, substantial.
द्रव्य-संचय -- amassing/accumulatingwealth.
  • द्रव्यमय dravvyamay — (a) substantial, material; full of or abounding inwealth.
  • द्रव्यमान dravvyamā:n — (nm) a mass; (a) wealthy; material.
  • द्रव्यार्जन dravvya:rjān — (nm) earning; money-earning.
  • द्रष्टव्य drashṭavvy — (a) worth-seeing; pleasing (to see); notable, worthtaking a note of.
  • द्रष्टा darsḥta: — (nm) a seer, visionist, sage; spectator.
  • द्रावक dra:vak — (a) moving, touching, melting, liquefying; (nm) a thinner.
  • द्राविड़ dra:viṛ — (a and nm) see द्रविड़; hence द्रविड़ी (nf).
  • द्रुत drut — (a) fast, fast moving, quick, swift; moved; melted.
द्रुतगाति/गामी -- fast moving; quick, lightlegged.
  • द्रुति druti — (nf) fastness, swiftness; molten/melted state; moved state.
  • द्रुम drum — (nm) a tree.
  • द्रोणी droṉi: — (nf) a basin; trough.
  • द्रोह droh — (nm) malice, rancour; rebellion, hostility.
द्रोहबुद्धि -- malicious, malevolent; rebellious; hostile.
  • द्रोही drohi: — (a) malicious, rancorous; malignant; rebellious; insubordinate, hostile.
  • द्रौपदी draupadi: — (nf) wife of the Pa:ṉdavas in the great epicMaha:bha:rat.
द्रौपदी का चीर -- (a processetc.) that knows no end.
द्रौपदी की बटलोई -- a blessed utensil that feedsone and all.
  • द्वंद्व dwāndw — (nm) conflict, quarrel, duel; uproar; hubbub; a pair, couple; copulative compound, acompound wherein the membersif uncompounded would be in thesame case and connected by theconjunction 'and' (as राम-लक्ष्मण, माता-पिता).
द्वंद्वमूलक -- conflictional, pertaining to or arising out of aconflict; duelistic.
द्वंद्व-युद्ध -- a duel.
  • द्वंद्वात्मक dwāndwa:tmāk — (a) dialectical; conflictional; duelistic.
द्वंद्वात्मक भौतिकवाद -- dialectical materialism.
  • द्वंद्वी dwāndwi: — (a) quarrelsome, prone to enter into conflict.
  • द्वय dway — (a) two; (nm) pair, couple.
  • द्वादश dwa:dash — (a) twelve; twelfth; (nm) the number twelve.
  • द्वादशी dwa:dashi: — (nf) the twelfth.
  • द्वापर dwa:par — (nm) the third of the four yugas or ages according to the Hindu mythology, the age oftransition from good (सतयुग and त्रेता) to the age of vice (कलियुग).
  • द्वाभा dwa:bha: — (nf) twilight.
  • द्वार dwa:r — (nm) a door; doorway; gate; exit.
द्वार कपाट -- leaves of thedoor.
द्वारचार -- one of the ceremoniesheld at the bride's door duringthe marriage.
द्वारपाल/पालक -- a door-keeper, watchman.
द्वारपूजा -- a ceremony wherein the adoration ofthe bridegroom is performed atthe doorstep of the bride's houseand forms part of the marriageproceedings.
द्वार खुलना -- the door toopen; an avenue to open up.
द्वार खुला रखना -- to keep the door open(for negotiation, etc.).
द्वार पर दस्तक देना -- to knock at the door; to beimminent.
द्वार पर होना -- to be on thethreshold of.
द्वार बंद करना -- to shutthe door (for negotiation, etc.).
  • द्वारा dwa:ra: — (ind) by, through, through the medium/agency of.
  • द्वाराचार dwa:ra:cha:r — (nm) see द्वारचार (under द्वार).
  • द्वि dwi — (a) two.
द्विकर्मक -- (a verb) having two objects.
द्विगु -- a kind ofcompound (word) wherein thefirst member is a numerical.
द्विगुण -- double; twice.
द्विगुणित -- doubled.
द्विज/जन्मा/जाति -- lit. twice-born—aBra:hmaṉ the three highercastes (i.e. ब्राह्मण, क्षत्रिय, वैश्य) inthe traditional Hindu hierarchicalsociety; the moon; aves.
द्विजिह्व -- lit. double-tongued —a snake; backbiter.
द्विदल/दलीय -- bipartite; having two leaves or petals.
द्विधातु -- bimetallic; an alloy.
द्विपक्ष/पक्षीय -- bilateral, bipartite.
द्विपद/पाद -- bipodal, bifooted, having two legsor feet.
द्विभाषिक/द्विभाषी -- bilingual.
द्वि मासिक -- bimonthly, brought outevery two months.
द्विलिंगी -- bisexual.
द्विवचन -- the dual (number), signifying two.
द्विविध -- of two kindsor types.
द्विविधा -- dilemma, suspense; uncertainly.
द्विवेदी -- a sub-division of the Bra:hmāṉ community.
द्विसमत्रिभूज -- isosceles triangle.
द्विसाप्ताहिक -- biweekly.
  • द्वितीय dwiti:y — (a) the second.
द्वितीय आश्रम -- the second or the householder'sstage in an individual's life.
द्वितीयक -- second; secondary.
  • द्वितीया dwiti:ya: — (nf) the second day of each lunar fortnight.
  • द्वित्त्व dwittw — (nm) duplication; repetition.
द्वित्त्व व्यंजन -- double consonant.
  • द्विधा dwidha: — (ind) in two ways, in two parts; (nf) dilemma, uncertainty.
द्विधाग्रस्त -- in two minds, in adilemma.
  • द्विधार्थक dwidha:rthak — (a) ambiguous, equivocal.
द्विधार्थकता -- ambiguity, equivocation.
  • द्विरागमन dwira:gamān — (nm) see गौना.
  • द्विरु/क्त dwirukt — (a) twice mentioned; duplicate; redundant.
द्विरुक्ति -- duplication, mentioning twice, redundance.
  • द्वीप dwi:p — (nm) an island.
द्वीप समूह -- (group of) islands.
  • द्वेष dwesh — (nm) malice: aversion, repugnance; ill-will; malevolence; dislike, disaffection.
  • द्वेषी dweshi: — (a) malicious, malevolent, harbouring ill-will/disaffection/dislike.
  • द्वैत dwait — (nm) duality, dualism; discrimination.
द्वैतवाद/द्वैतवादिता -- dualism.
द्वैत वादी -- dualist(ic).
  • द्वैध dwaidh — (a) of two types; discriminatory; hence द्वैधता (nf).
द्वैध शासन-प्रणाली -- diarchical system.
  • द्वैधवत्तिक dwaidhvattik — (a) ambivalent.
  • द्वयर्थ, द्वयर्थक dwyarth, ~ak — (a) ambiguous, equivocal.
द्वयर्थता -- ambiguity, eqivocation.
  • ध dha — the fourth and penultimate letter of the fourth pentad (i.e.तवर्ग) of the Devna:gri: alphabet.
  • धं/धा dhāndha: — (nm) vocation, occupation; business; work.
धंधेसे लगना -- to get busy, to get downto work.
  • धँसना dhāsnā: — (v) to sink: to penetrate into, to enter into; to get stuck into; to descend.
  • धँसान dhāsa:n — (nf) a quagmire, boggy land; descent, slope, subsidence; process or act of descending.
  • धँसाना dhāsa:nā: — (v) to thrust; to penetrate, to cause to enter/descend; to countersink.
  • धँसाव dhāsav — (nm) धँसान.
  • धक dhak — (nf) palpitation; sudden suspension of normal heart-throb.
धकधक/धक -- enhanced heart-throb, palpitation.
धक से रह जाना -- to bestunned, to be paralysed (throughfear or astonishment), to standaghast.
धक होना, मन में -- to be stunned, to be aghast.
  • धकधका/ना dhakdhaka:nā: — (v) the heart to throb violently (throughfear, panic, etc.), to palpitate:hence धकधकाहट (nf).
  • धकधकी dhakdhaki: — (nf) see धुकधुकी.
  • धकापेल dhaka:pel — (nf) indiscriminate shoving, shoving and pushing; jostling; (adv) vigorously, vehemently, non-stop.
धकापेल चलना -- to go at full speed, to speed unhindered.
धकापेल मचाना -- to create a commotion/havoc; to do things in very quick succession.
  • धका/र dhaka:r — (nm) the letter ध (dha) and its sound.
धकारांत -- (word) ending in ध् (dh).
  • धकियाना dhakiya:nā: — (v) to shove, to push about; to thrust ahead.
  • धकेलना dhakelnā: — (v) to shove, to push.
  • धक्कमधक्का dhakkāmdhakka: — (nm) jostling, shoving and pushing; rush.
  • धक्का dhakka: — (nm) a push; shove; shock; setback; stroke, buffet; jostle, jolt, impact.
धक्कामुक्की -- jostling, shoving and pushing; elbowing.
धक्का खाना -- to receive a shock; to suffera set-back; to be kicked andknocked.
धक्का देना -- to push; to give apush/impetus/support.
धक्का लगना -- tobe shocked; to get a setback; toget a push/prop/support (as थोड़ाधक्का लग जाये तो काम चल पड़े).
धक्का धक्के खाना -- to be tossed about; tosuffer indignities, to suffer kicksand knocks.
  • धज dhaj — (nf) air, demeanour; mien, appearance, look.
धज बनाना -- to puton a queer/unusual appearance.
  • धजा dhaja: — (nf) see धज.
  • धज्जी dhajji: — (nf) a shred, strip, tatter; lath.
धज्जीबंदी -- lathing.
धज्जियाँ उड़ना -- to be reduced to shreds, tobe tattered, to be torn to pieces.
धज्जियाँ उड़ाना -- to knock thebottom out of, to tatter, to tearinto pieces.
  • धड़ंग dhaṛaṅg — (a) used as the second member in the compound नंग-धड़ंग—meaning completely/stark naked.
  • धड़ dhaṛ — (nm) a torso, trunk, fuselage; rattling/banging sound.
धड़धड़ -- (with) a quick succession ofrattling sounds.
धड़ से -- with a rattling/banging noise; without hitch; instanly.
  • धड़क ḍhaṛak — (nf) hitch, hesitation.
  • धड़कन dhaṛkān — (nf) throbbing, palpitation; pulsation.
धड़कन बढ़ना -- tobecome nervous/restless.
  • धड़कना dhaṛaknā: — (v) to throb, to palpitate, to pulsate.
  • धड़का dhaṛka: — (nm) a throb, palpitation, pulsation; apprehension; doubt.
  • धड़धड़ा/ना dhaṛdhaṛa:nā: — (v) to make a rattling or banging sound; torap-tap or knock (at a door); towalk heavily and briskly; hence धड़धड़ाहट (nf).
  • धड़/ल्ला dhaṛalla: — (nm).
धड़ल्ले का -- dauntless, fearless, overbearing; headstrong, strong.
धड़ल्लेदार (आदमी) -- dauntless; unyielding, headstrong, strong.
धड़ल्ले से -- dauntlessly, fearlessly, with a bang.
  • ध/ड़ा dhaṛa: — (nm) tare; counterbalance, counterbalancing weight; speculation; faction.
धड़ेबंदी -- counterpoise; counterbalancing; factionalism.
धड़ेबाज़ -- factionalist.
धड़ेबाज़ी -- factionalism.
धड़ा उठाना -- to assess the weight.
धड़ा करना -- tocounter-poise; to counterbalance; to weigh.
धड़ा लगाना -- to speculate, to stake (money) in speculation.
  • धड़ा/का dhaṛa:ka: — (nm) an explosion, crash; a loud report.
धड़ाके से -- witha loud report, with a rattle; quickly, swiftly.
  • धड़ाधड़ dhaṛa:dhaṛ — (adv) in a quick succession, one after the other; incessantly.
  • धड़ाम dhaṛā:m — (nf) thud, crash, loud report (of a falling body).
धड़ाम से -- with a crash/loud report/thud; instantaneously.
  • धड़ी dhaṛi: — (nf) a measure of weight equivalent to five seers.
धड़ी, कच्ची -- aweight of five seers.
धड़ी, पक्की -- aweight of ten seers.
  • ध/त dhat — (nf) a mania, craze.
धती -- addicted to, crazy, having an inveterate habit.
  • धता dhata: — (nm) (the act of) driving away, putting off, evasion.
धता देना/धता बताना -- to tell off, /drive away.
  • धतूरा dhatu:ra: — (nm) the Datura alba, the thorn apple which is a powerful narcotic.
धतूरा खाए फिरना -- to goabout crazily.
  • धत् dhat — (ind) be off !, stand away !; you naughty !.
धत् तेरे की -- damn it !, Gosh !, what a surprise !, howdone it !.
  • धधकना dhadhaknā: — (v) to blaze, to flare up, to burn intensely.
  • धन dhān — (nm) wealth, riches, money; additional number; (prep.) plus; (a) positive (as an electriccharge or a number).
धनकुबेर -- a manas rich as the god of wealth.
चिन्ह -- plus sign.
धनतेरस -- the thirteenth day of the dark fortnightof the month of कार्तिक (when theHindu:s commence the adorationof लक्ष्मी —the goddess of wealthand purchase new household.
  • धनाढ्‍य dhanaḍḍḥy — (a) rich, prosperous, wealthy, moneyed; hence धनाढ्‍यता (nf).
  • धनात्मक dhanā:tmāk — (a) positive (as an electric charge etc.,); pertainingto money; plus; hence धनात्मकता (nf).
  • धनादेश dhanā:desh — (nm) a draft (issued by a bank); money order.
  • धनार्थी dhanā:rthi: — (a) desirous of money, money-seeking.
  • धनिक dhanik — (a) opulent, wealthy, rich, moneyed; (nm) a wealthyperson.
  • धनिया dhanīyā: — (nm) coriander.
  • धनी dhanī: — (a) rich, opulent, moneyed; effective; (nm) master; owner.
धनी-, कलम का -- one who wields his pen.effectively, a richly creative author.
धनी , बात का -- one whose utterancesare effective, one who sticks tohis word.
धनी-मानी -- eminent, affluentand effective; magnate.
  • धनु dhanū — (nf) a bow.
  • धनु/र्धर, धनुर्धारी dhanurdhar, ~rdha:ri: — (a) wielding a bow/arch; (nm) a bowman, an archer.
  • धनुर्विद्या dhanurviddya: — (nf) archery, the art and science of archery; bowmanship.
  • धनुर्वेद dhanurved — (nm) the part of यजुर्वेद which deals with the artand science of archery; the artand science of archery.
  • धनुष dhanush — (nm) a bow, an arch.
  • धने/श, धनेश्वर dhanesh, ~shvar — (nm) see धनपति (under धन).
  • धन्नासेठ dhannā:seṭḥ — (nm) an opulent and affluent/money-proud man.
धन्नासेठ-का नाती -- one who considers oneself as a V.I.P., self-conceited/money-proud (man).
  • धन्य dhanny — (a) blessed, worth felicitation, fortunate; (int.) welldone !, bravo !, blessings on you!, how fortunate !.
धन्यता -- blessedness.
  • धन्यवाद dhannyāva:d — (nm) thanks-giving; an expression of gratitude; (int.) thanks !, thank you !.
  • धन्वंतरि dhanvāntari — (nm) the mythical physician of the gods, an expert physician (esp. in आयुर्वेद).
  • धन्वा dhannva: — (a) wielding an arch.
  • धप dhap — (nf) a thud; persistence; unending repetition of a demand; hence धपधप (nf).
धप धरना -- to persist, to go on repeating one's demandpersistently.
  • धबधब dhubdhab — (nf) a sequence of thuds (produced by the impactof a heavy and soft thing fallingon some surface).
  • धब्बा dhabba: — (nm) a blemish, blot, slur; stain, taint; speck.
धब्बा लगना -- to have a blot, to be blemished; to be infamized.
  • धम dhām — (nf) ā thud, report resulting.
  • धमक dhamāk — (nf) the vibrations caused by the impact or movement of a heavy object on asuface; thumping sound; thereport of moving footsteps; stamping sound; throbbing sound, pulsation.
धमक लगना -- to be affected by animpact.
  • धमकना dhamaknā: — (v) to fall with a thud.
धमकना-, आ/जा -- to make a suddenswift appearance here/there.
  • धमकाना dhamka:nā: — (v) to threaten, to intimidate.
  • धमकी dhamki: — (nf) a threat, bluster.
धमकी देना -- to threaten, to intimidate.
धमकी में आना -- to yield to a threat, to be intimidated.
  • धमधमा/ना dhāmdhamā:nā: — (v) to produce a sequence of thuds/thumping sounds/stamping sounds; hence धमधमाहट (nf).
  • धमधूसर dhamdhu:sar — (a) disproportionately corpulent; flabby and flaccid.
  • धमनी dhamnī: — (nf) an artery.
  • धमाका dhamā:ka: — (nm) a loud report, explosion, burst.
  • धमाचौकड़ी dhamā:chaukṛi: — (nf) a row; tumult, turmoil; gambol; frolic.
धमाचौकड़ी करना/धमाचौकड़ी मचाना -- to blow greatguns, to be very boisterous/windy.
  • धमाधम dhamā:dhām — (adv) with a constant thumping sound.
  • धमार dhama:r — (nm) a form of classical music; a kind of rhythmic cycle of fourteen beats; gambol, row.
  • धर dhar — a Sanskrit suffix meaning he who or that which bears/carries/holds/sustains (e.g. जलधर, भूधर, etc.); (nm) nominal form of धरना.
धर-पकड़ -- mass arrests, searching and arrests, apprehensions, combing operations.
  • धरण dharāṉ — (nm) the act of holding/bearing.
  • धर/णि, धरणी dharāṉī.
धरṉī: -- -- (nf) the earth.
धरणीधर -- a mountain.
  • धरती dharti: — (nf) the earth; world.
धरती का फूल -- a mushroom.
धरती का लाल -- son of the soil.
धरती पर पाँव न पड़ना -- see ज़मीन (पर पाँव न पड़ना).
धरती से उठजाना -- to pass away.
  • धरन dharān — (nf) a beam.
  • धरना dharnā: — (v) to hold; to place; to put; to arrest, to apprehend; to take as husband/wife, topawn, to pledge; (nm) picketing, sitting doggedly to enforce compliance of a demand.
धरा-ढका -- keptin reserve, safely set aside forlate use.
धर दबाना -- to pounce upon, to force into a tight corner.
धरा-रह जाना -- to prove of no avail; notto be utilised.
  • धरनी dharnī: — (nf) a beam; stand; the earth.
  • धरा dhara: — (nf) the earth.
  • धराऊ dhara:u: — (a) preservable (valuables, etc.); preserved for special occasions.
  • धरात/ल dhara:tal — (nm) surface; surface of the earth.
धरातलीय -- superficial, pertaining to the surface.
  • धराधिपति dhara:dhipati — (nm) a king, ruler.
  • धराशायी dhara:sha:i: — (a) fallen, fallen aground, razed (to theground).
धराशायी करना -- to fell, to razeto the ground; to vanquish.
  • धरित्री dharittri: — (nf) the earth.
  • धरोहर dharohar — (nf) a trust (in cash or kind); deposit.
  • धर्म dharm — (nm) religion; faith; justice; duty; righteousness; property.
  • धर्मांतर dharmā:ntar — (nm) another religion.
  • धर्मांध dharmā:ndh — (a) frenzied (in.
  • धर्माचरण dharma:charāṉ — (nm) religious conduct, acting according to the tenets of religion.
  • धर्माचार्य dharma:cha:ry — (nm) a religious preceptor.
  • धर्मातिक्रमण dharma:tikkramāṉ — (nm) violation/defiance of religioustenets; transgression of the boundsof religion.
  • धर्मात्मा dharma:tmā: — (a) devout, religious; hence धर्मात्मापन (nm).
  • धर्मादा dharma:da: — (nm) endowment; charity.
धर्मादा खाता -- charity account.
  • धर्मादेश dharma:desh — (nm) (religious) commandment.
  • धर्माधर्म dharma:dharm — (nm) religion and irreligion; virtue and vice.
  • धर्माधिष्ठाता dharma:dhishṭḥa:ta: — (nm) a religious leader, chief of areligious sect.
  • धर्मार्थ dharma:rth — (a) charitable.
धर्मार्थ औषधालय -- a charitable dispensary.
धर्मार्थ न्यास -- a charitable trust.
  • धर्मावतार dharma:wta:r — (nm) a term of address to a virtuous man ora dispenser of justice; justice/religion incarnate; a very virtuousman.
  • धर्माश्रित dharma:shshrit — (a) based or dependent on or supported byreligion or justice.
  • धर्मासन dharma:san — (nm) seat of justice/religion.
  • धर्मिष्ठ dharmishṭḥ — (a) extremely devout/religious/virtuous; hence धर्मिष्ठता (nf).
  • धर्मी dharmī: — (a) religious, virtuous, pious.
  • धर्मोपदेश dharmopdesh — (nm) religious discourse/precept/teachings.
धर्मोपदेशक -- religious preceptor/teacher.
  • धव/ल dhaval — (a) white; clear; bright; beautiful.
धवलता -- whiteness; clearness; brightness.
धवलित -- whitened; cleared; brightened.
  • धवलिमा dhavalimā: — (nf) whiteness; clearness; brightness.
  • धसक dhasak — (nf) pungent smell emitted by dry tobacco leaf, chillies, etc. (which causes constant sneezing or coughing); depression; sinking, lowering (as areaction of impact of heavyweight).
  • धसकन dhaskān — (nf) depression, sinking, lowering.
  • धसकना dhasaknā: — (v) to be depressed, to sink, to go low, to move downwards.
  • धसका dhaska: — (nm) bronchitis, dry cough; coughing reaction causedby the blocking of the windpipe.
  • धसमसाना dhasmasa:nā: — (v) to sink, to move downwards, to be swallowed by the earth.
  • धाँध/ली dhā:dhli: — (nf) chaos, chaotic state; arbitrary conduct, arbitrariness; highhandedness, outrage.
धाँधलेबाज़ -- one who indulges in highhandedness, of outrageous character; hence धाँधलेबाज़ी (nf).
  • धाँस dhā:s — (nf) offensive/pungent smell causing constant sneezingor coughing.
  • धाक dha:k — (nf) commanding/overwhelming influence, sway; awe.
धाक जमाना/बँधना -- to command overwhelming influence, to hold sway.
धाक बैठना -- to have overwhelming influence/sway.
धाक बैठाना -- to establish overwhelming influence/sway.
धाक होना -- to be held in, or regardedwith, awe.
  • धाकड़ dha:kaṛ — (a) dauntless; daring, dashing; headstrong; hence धाकड़पन(nm).
  • धागा dha:ga: — (nm) a thread.
  • धाड़ dha:ṛ — .
धाड़ मारना, धाड़ मारकर रोना -- to cry aloud/wildly, to lament loudly.
  • धातु dha:tu — (nf) a metal; constituent elements (of the body); semen; root.
धातुकर्म -- metallurgy.
धातुकर्मी -- metallurgist.
धातु-क्षय -- elemental/vitaldecay.
धातुनाशक -- causing elementaldecay, vitality—exhausting.
धातु-पुष्टि -- vitalisation of the semen.
धातु-युग -- metal age, metallikum.
धातुवर्द्धक -- vitality—raising, augmenting vitality.
धातुवाद -- alchemy.
धातुवादी -- analchemist.
धातु-विज्ञान/विद्या -- metallurgy.
धातुशोधन -- metallurgical operation.
  • धातुमय dha:tumay — (a) metallic; abounding in metal(s).
  • धात्री dha:ttri: — (nf) a wet-nurse, foster-mother; midwife.
धात्री कर्म -- a wet-nurse's job or profession.
धात्री-विद्या -- midwifery.
  • धात्वर्थ dha:ttvarth — (nm) root meaning.
  • धात्विक dha:ttvik — (a) metallic; (nm) a metallurgist.
  • धात्वीय dha:ttvi:y — (a) metallic.
  • धान dhā:n — (nm) paddy.
धान का खेत -- a paddy-field.
  • धानी dha:nī: — (a) light green; (nf) a receptacle; stand, cupboard.
  • धानुक dhā:nuk — (nm) a low caste (in the Hindu caste system).
  • धान्य dha:nny — (nm) crop.
धान्य-कोष -- a barn, granary.
  • धान्यागार dha:nnyā:ga:r — (nm) a barn, granary.
  • धाबा dha:ba: — (nm) see ढाबा.
  • धाम dhā:m — (nm) residence, abode; seat of a deity; the four chiefpilgrimage centres (of the Hindus).
  • धाम मि न dha:māīn — (nf) a typical Indian snake (said to have the venom stored in its tail).
  • धायँ dhā:y — (nf) sound of a gun shot.
धायँ-धायँ -- a sequence of gunshots.
धायँ करना -- to fire a gun.
  • धाय dha:y — (nf) see धात्री.
  • धार dha:r — (nf) an edge; sharp edge; sharpness; current; flow; jet; anadjectival suffix meaning one whoholds or supports (as कर्णधार).
धारदार -- sharp.
धार धरना -- to sharpen(as a knife, sword, etc).
धार बँधना -- to flow non-stop; to flow out in ajet.
धार के संग तैरना -- to swim withthe flowing side, to go afloat withthe current; to take to an easycourse.
  • धारक dha:rak — (nm) see धारणकर्त्ता (under धारण); bearer.
  • धारण dha:rāṉ — (nm) holding; wielding; supporting, maintenance/maintaining; wearing; assumption; retention.
धारणकर्ता -- one who holds/maintains/wields/wears.
धारण-क्षमता/शक्ति -- retentiveness, power of retention; capacity.
  • धारणा dha:rṉā: — (nf) an impression; concept, notion, idea; (power of) retention (also धारणा-शक्ति).
  • धारणीय dha:raṉī:y — (a) worth retaining/remembering/wearing/holding.
  • धारयि/ता dha:raita: — (nm) see धारणकर्ता (under धारण); hence धारयित्री (nf).
  • धारा dha:ra: — (nf) current, stream; flow (of water etc.), eddy; section(of law); clause (of a bill).
धाराप्रवाह -- fluent, non-stop, incessant.
धारावाहिक/वाही -- serial; serialised.
धारा-सभा -- a legislative assembly, legislature.
धारासार (वर्षा) -- incessant and heavy(downpour).
  • धारित dha:rit — (a) held; maintained; wielded; worn.
  • धारिता dha:rita: — (nf) retentiveness; capacity.
  • धारी dha:ri: — (nf) a stripe; line; an adjectival suffix meaning one whoor that which holds/supports/possesses/maintains/wears.
धारीदार -- striped, striate.
  • धारोष्ण dha:roshṉ — (a) (milk) fresh from the udders, just milked.
  • धार्मिक dha:rmīk — (a) religious, religious-minded; pertaining to a religion or following the tenetsof a faith.
धार्मिक कृत्य -- religious rite.
धार्मिकता -- religiosity, piety.
  • धावक dha:vak — (nm) a runner.
  • धावन dha:vān — (nm) (the act or process of) running; run.
धावन पथ -- runway.
  • धावल्य dha:vally — (nm) see धवलता.
  • धावा dha:va: — (nm) a raid, charge, attack, assault.
धावा करना -- to attack, to raid.
धावा बोलना -- to launch anattack/expedition.
धावा मारना -- to covera long distance, to make a longmarch.
धावा होना -- to be raided/attacked.
  • धिक् dhik — an interjectional word denoting censure, contempt, aversion, etc.; shame ! fie !.
  • धिक्कार dhikka:r — (nm) censure; curse; opprobrium, condemnation.
  • धिक्कारना dhikka:rnā: — (v) to censure; to curse; to condemn, to reproach.
  • धींगरा dhī:gra: — (nm) an indolent and impish person; a robustrogue.
  • धींगाधींगी dhī:ga:dhī:gi: — (nf) violent or forcible self-imposing technique or effort, high-handedness, high-handed ways.
  • धींगामुश्ती dhī:ga:mushti: — (nf) see धींगाधींगी; a scuffle.
  • धीमा dhi:mā: — (a) slow; dull; mild; low; gentle.
धीमापन -- slowness; mildness; gentleness; hence धीमी (fem.).
  • धीया dhi:ya: — (nf) a daughter.
  • धीर dhi:r — (a) patient; resolute, firm, steady; slow; (nm) consolation, solace; patience.
धीरचेता -- of steadymind, firm and resolute.
धीरप्रशांत -- (a category of hero in traditionalIndian poetics) whose characteristic is quiet gallantry; quietlygallant.
धीरललित -- (a category oftraditional Indian poetical hero) whose personality is characterisedby steady gallantry and frolicsomeness.
धीर बँधाना -- to console.
धीर धीरासो गँभीरा -- still waters run deep.
  • धीरज dhi:raj — (nm) patience; fortitude; composure.
धीरज छूटना -- to lose patience.
धीरज देना/धीरज बँधाना -- to console.
  • धीर/ता, धीरत्व dhi:r/ta: — (nf), ~attv (nm) composure; patience; fortitude.
  • धीरे dhi:re — (adv) slowly; gently, mildly.
धीरे-धीरे -- by slow degrees, byand by, gradually.
धीरे से -- slowly, quietly, stealthily.
  • धीरोदात्त dhiroda:tt — (a) (a category of hero in traditional Indian poetics) characterized by quiet gallantry and loftiness of conduct.
  • धीरोद्धत dhi:roddhat — (a) (a category of hero in traditional Indianpoetics) characterized by carefreecomposure and insolence of conduct.
  • धीवर dhi:var — (nm) a low caste (in traditional Hindu social order) subsisting by fishing and sailingetc.
  • धुंध dhūndh — (nf) mist, fog; haze.
धुंध छा जाना, आँखों के आगे -- to have one's vision blurred.
  • धुंधकारी dhūndhka:ri: — (a) mischievous, naughty; tumult-raising.
  • धुँधलका dhūdhalka: — (nm) twilight, darkishness, duskiness; haziness.
धुँधलका छा जाना -- to be(come) dusky.
  • धुँधला dhūndhla: — (a) hazy, dim, misty, foggy; faded; blurred, vague.
धुँधलापन -- haziness, dimness, mistiness; fogginess; vagueness; blur; fadedness.
धुँधला करना -- to dim; to turn vague; to make hazy; to blur.
  • धुँधलाना dhūdhla:nā: — (v) to be dimmed; to be turned vague; to become.
  • धुँधाना dhūdha:nā: — (v) to emit smoke/fumes; to fume.
  • धुँधुआना dhūdhua:nā: — (v) see धुँधाना.
  • धुआँ dhūā: — (nm) smoke; fume.
धुआँकश -- a chimney.
धुआँदार/धुएँदार -- smoky.
धुआँधार -- fiery; violent; eloquent; torrential; non-stop.
धुआँसा -- a chimney.
धुआँ देना -- to emit fumes/smoke.
धुआँ निकालना -- to fret and fume.
धुआँ होना -- to turn black.
धुआँ वहाँ आग, जहाँ -- where there is smoke, there isfire.
धुएँ के बादल उड़ाना -- to indulgein tall talk, to talk through one's hat.
  • धुआँयध dhuā:yādh — (nf) smokiness, smack of smoke; a touch ofsmoke (in eatables, etc.).
  • धुआँना dhūā:nā: — (v) to be smokey, to smudge, to be disflavoured by smoke; to acquire a touch of smokiness.
  • धुकड़-पुकड़ dhukaṛ-pukaṛ — (nf) pit(a) pat; palpitation; suspense.
धुकड़-पुकड़ लगी रहना -- to be in a constant suspense; to be apprehensively uneasy.
  • धुकधुकी dhukdhuki: — (nf) throbbing (of the heart); suspense.
धुकधुकी बंद होना -- the heart-throb to stop.
  • धुकपुकी dhukpuki: — (nf) see धुकधुकी.
  • धुकुड़-पुकुड़ dhukuṛ-pukuṛ — (nf) see धुकड़-पुकड़.
  • धुत्त dhutt — (a) stupefied (by liquor); besotted (with); steeped (in).
धुत्त होना -- to be dead drunk; to go off one'shead.
  • धुन dhūn — (nf) assiduity, perseverance; mania, fad; ardour; tune, key-note.
धुन का पक्का -- persevering; assiduous; resolute.
धुन लगी रहना -- tofollow (something) resolutely, tobe constantly after.
धुन लगी रहना, किसी की -- to get a person on thebrain.
धुन सवार होना -- to concentratefeverishly on something, to be inthe grip of an ardent desire.
  • धुनकी dhunki: — (nf) a cotton-carding bow.
  • धुनना dhunna: — (v) to card or comb as (cotton); to beat thoroughly; to go on repeating.
धुनना-, सिर -- lit. tobeat the head with the palms —to repent, to lament, to wail.
  • धुनाई dhuna:i: — (nf) carding; beating, thrashing.
  • धुनिया dhunīyā: — (nm) a cotton-carder.
  • धुनी dhunī: — (a) persevering; assiduous; resolute, having the quality of constant and steadfast pursuitof an aim.
  • धुप्पल dhuppal — (nm) bluff, bluffing.
धुप्पलबाज़ -- a bluffer.
धुप्पलबाज़ी -- bluffing.
  • धुमैला dhumaila: — (a) smoky, of the colour of smoke.
  • धुरंधर dhurāndhar — (a) pre-eminent (as a scholar), leading, par-excellence, of the top-most grade; (nm) a pastmaster.
  • धुर dhur — (a) extreme, remotest; (nm) extremity.
धुर से -- from the outset; from the extreme point.
धुर ऊपर -- at the uppermost extreme.
  • धुरा dhura: — (nm) axle, axis; shaft.
  • धुरी dhuri: — (nf) axis, axle; pivot.
धुरी होना -- to be the pivot, to be at the centre, to enjoy the key position.
  • धुरीण dhurī:ṉ — an adjectival suffix meaning leading, outstanding, foremost (as धर्मधुरीण).
  • धुर्रा dhurra: — (nm) powder, dust; rustic, incivil; axle, axis.
धुर्रे उड़ना -- to tear to pieces, to ruin, todevastate.
  • धुलना dhulnā: — (v) to be washed, to be cleansed; to be undone.
  • धुलाई dhula:i: — (nf) the act or process of washing, a wash; washing charges.
  • धुस्सा dhussa: — (nm) a kind of coarse and thick blanket.
  • धूधू dhu:dhu: — (nf) frou-frou of flaming fire.
धूधू करके जलना -- to burn with flames rising high.
  • धूनी dhu:nī: — (nf) fumigation; burning of incense; the fire lit by a Hindu mendicant to inhale smokefor penance or for keeping warm.
धूनी जगाना/रमाना -- to activise/keep alivethe धूनी; to fumigate; to turn into an ascetic.
  • धूप dhu:p — (nf) the sun; sunshine; incense, gum benzoin.
धूपघड़ी -- a sun-dial.
धूप चढ़ना -- the sun to rise high inthe sky, to be nearing midday.
धूप-छाँह -- sun and shade; a kind ofcloth with a sun and shade touch; (fig.) happiness and sorrow.
धूपदान -- an incensory; a thurible; thurification, incensing.
धूपदानी/पात्र -- anincensory, a thurible.
धूपदार -- sunny.
धूप-दीप -- accessories for worship—incense (—stick) and lamp.
धूपबत्ती -- anincense-stick.
धूपस्नान -- basking.
धूप खाना -- to bask in the sun; to beheat-struck; to be sun-treated.
धूप दिखाना -- to put or spread in thesun.
धूप देना -- to burn incense (forreligious performance); to spreadout in the sun (as clothes etc.).
धूप में बाल सफ़ेद होना -- to age withoutexperience; to be old and yet devoid of wisdom.
धूप लेना/धूप-सेकना -- tobask in the sun.
  • धूम dhū:m — (nm) smoke; fume; (nf) fanfare, tumult, bustle, pomp; ado; eceat; boom.
धूमकर -- a smoker.
धूमकेतु -- a comet.
धूम-धड़क्का/धूमधाम -- hustleand bustle, fanfare, tumult, eclat; pomp.
धूमधाम से -- with fanfare, withgreat pomp and eclat; in a tumultuous manner.
धूमपान -- smoking.
धूमयान -- a railway train.
धूम मचना/होना -- to have great fanfare, a tumult tobe raised/created; to be or become famous or notorious.
  • धूमायमान dha:ma:ymā:n — (a) fumigated, rendered smoky, filled with or full of smoke or fume.
  • धूमिल dhu:mil — (a) vague; blurred; fumigated; hence धूमिलता (nf).
  • धूम्र dhu:mmr — (nm) smoke; fume; (a) smoke-coloured.
धूम्रपान -- smoking.
धूम्रवर्ण -- smoke-coloured.
  • धूर्त dhu:rt — (a) knave, cunning, crooked; rascal.
धूर्तता -- knavery, cunningness, crookedness; rascality, hum-buggery.
  • धूल dhu:l — (nf) dust, dirt.
धूल उड़ना -- to be devastated/ruined.
धूल की रस्सी बटना -- to attempt an impossibility, to labour in vain.
धूल चटाना -- to humble to the dust, to knock down; to inflict a conclusive defeat.
धूल चाटना -- to eat dirt, to eat crow.
धूल झाड़ना, धूल झाड़कर खड़े हो जाना -- lit. todust off—to dust off the humiliation of defeat.
धूल झोंकना, आँखों में -- to throw dust in the eyes of, to pull wool over somebody'seyes.
धूल फाँकना -- to wander without ajob.
धूल में मिलना -- to be ruined, to bedevastated.
धूल में लट्ठ मारना -- tostrike in vain, to make a vainbid; to make a random effort.
  • धूलि dhu:li — (nf) dust; dirt.
धूलिधूसर/धूलिधूसरित -- steeped in dust, dusty.
  • धूसर dhu:sar — (a) dusty; dust-coloured.
  • धूसरित dhu:sarit — (a) filled or strewn with dust; turned dusty.
  • धृति dhriti — (nf) fortitude, steadiness.
धृतिमान -- steady, fortitudinous.
  • धृष्ट dhrishṭ — (a) contumelious, impudent, insolent; obtrusive; impertinent.
धृष्टता -- impudence, insolence; obtrusiveness, impertinence.
  • धेनु dhenū — (nf) a (milch) cow.
  • धेला dhela: — (nm) a half-pice coin.
  • धेली dheli: — (nf) a half-rupee coin.
  • धैर्य dhairy — (nm) patience; fortitude, endurance.
धैर्य-परीक्षा -- test of one'sendurance/patience.
धैर्य धरना/रखना -- to hold one's horse.
धैर्य बँधाना -- toconsole.
  • धोखा dhokha: — (nm) deception, deceit; fraud, cheating, guile; subterfuge; a scarecrow.
धोखा-धड़ी -- beguilement; cheating, deceit; humbuggery.
धोखेबाज़ -- a cheat, swindler; shyster; deceitful, guileful; fraudulent.
धोखेबाज़ी -- fraud, deception, cheating; humbuggery.
धोखा खाना -- to suffer deceipt, to betaken in, to be deceived/beguiled/cheated, to be hoodwinked.
धोखा देना -- to play false; to deceive, to cheat, to hoodwink, to beguile.
धोखे की टट्टी -- a Trojan horse, a camouflage, false screen, a fraudulentdevice.
धोखे में आना/पड़ना -- to betaken in, to be deceived/cheated.
  • धोती dhoti: — (nf) dhoti: —loin cloth worn by the Hindus.
धोती ढीली होना -- tobe demoralised; to be scared outof wits.
धोती बिगाड़ना -- to be terriblyscared, to have a run of loosemotions.
  • धो/ना dhonā: — (v) to wash; to launder; to cleanse; to undo.
धो कर पी जाना -- to leave no trace of, to eradicate the entity of.
धो देना -- towash off, to undo.
धो बहाना -- towash off; to nullify.
  • धोब dhob — (nm) a laundry—batch of clothes sent to or from a launderer in one lot; washing, wash.
  • धोबी dhobi: — (nm) a washerman, launderer.
धोबी-घाट -- a launderingvenue (by the side of a river or atank).
धोबीपछाड़ -- a wrestling trickwherein the rival wrestler isthrown over the shoulder (as awasherman dashes down a cloth).
धोबी-पाट -- see धोबी-पछाड़; a washerman'sboard or stone (to strike thecloth against).
धोबी का कुत्ता, न घर का न घाट का -- neither fish nor fowl, a rolling stone gathers no moss; one who rides two boats is sureto be overthrown.
  • धोरे dhore — (ind) near, close by.
  • धोवन dhowān — (nm) a wash; water in which anything has beenwashed.
  • धौंकना dhāūknā: — (v) to blow with bellows etc., ; to fan a fire.
  • धौंकनी dhāūknī: — (nf) bellows, blower; blow-pipe.
धौंकनी चलना -- to havepalpitation.
  • धौंस dhaus — (nf) bluster, coercive stance; awesome demeanour.
धौंसपट्टी -- see धौंस.
धौंस जताना/जमाना/दिखाना -- to menace, to bluster.
धौंस देना -- to bluster into subdual.
धौंस में लेना -- to take in by bluster; to cause toyield by bluster.
धौंस सहना -- to bearwith the blustering of.
  • धौंसा dhāūsa: — (nm) a huge kettle-drum.
धौंसा बजना -- to be lauded all round.
  • धौंसिया dhāūsiya: — (nm) a kettle-drummer; blusterer.
  • धौरा dhaura: — (a) white, fair; (nm) a betelnut piece.
  • धौल dhaul — (nm) a hand-blow, buffet.
धौल धक्कड़ -- scuffle, row; exchange of blows.
धौल-धक्का -- a blow, push.
धौल-धापड़/धप्पा -- scuffle, exchange ofblows, row.
धौल देना -- to give a (handblow.
  • धौला dhaula: — (a) white; fair.
  • ध्यान dhyā:n — (nm) attention, heed; meditation; contemplation; concentration of mind.
ध्यानगम्य -- perceivable.
  • ध्यानाभ्यास dhya:nābbhya:s — (nm) practice of meditation/contemplation/concentration.
  • ध्यानावस्था dhya:nā:vastha: — (nf) state of meditation/contemplation.
ध्यानावस्था में होना -- to be in meditation.
  • ध्यानावस्थित dhya:nā:vasthit — (a) engrossed or absorbed in meditation/contemplation.
  • ध्यानी dhya:nī: — (a) meditative; given to meditation/contemplation.
ध्यानी ज्ञानी -- given to meditation andcontemplation.
  • ध्येय dhyey — (nm) an aim, end.
ध्येय वाद -- tendenciousness, a theory orattitude in literature which inspires the artist to so organise hiscomposition as to strive for theachievement of a definite end.
ध्येयवादी -- tendencious.
  • ध्रुपद dhrupad — (nm) a form of classical Indian music.
  • ध्रुव dhruv — (nm) a pole; the polar star; (a) fixed, firm; permanent.
ध्रुव तारा -- the polar star.
ध्रुवदर्शक -- acompass.
ध्रुव वृत्त -- the meridian line.
ध्रुव सत्य -- eternal truth.
  • ध्रुवता, ध्रुवतात्व dhruv/ta: — (nf), ~attv (nm) polartity; fixedness firmness; permanency.
  • ध्रुवाणु dhruva:ṉū — (nm) a poloeyte.
  • ध्वंस dhvāns — (nm) ruination; destruction, devastation.
ध्वंसक -- destructive, devastating; a destroyer, devastator, one who spells ruination.
ध्वंसन -- ruination, destruction; devastation.
  • ध्वंसावशेष dhwansa:vashesh — (nm) remains, ruins.
  • ध्वज dhvaj — (nm) a flag, banner, ensign, colours.
ध्वज-दंड -- a flagstaff.
ध्वज-पोत -- a flagship.
  • ध्वजा dhvaja: — (nf) a flag, standard, ensign, banner; colours.
ध्वजाधारी -- a standard-bearer.
ध्वजारोपण -- implantation of a flag.
ध्वजारोहण -- hoistingof a flag.
  • ध्वजोत्तोलन dhvajottolān — (nm) see ध्वजा (ध्वजोत्तोलनरोहण).
  • ध्वनन dhvanān — (nm) sounding; suggestion (in Poetics).
  • ध्वनि dhvanī — (nf) sound; suggestion (in Poetics); suggested meaning.
ध्वनिकी -- Phonetics.
ध्वनिग्राम -- a phoneme.
ध्वनिग्राम विज्ञान -- phonemics.
ध्वनि-परिवर्तन/विकार -- sound-change.
ध्वनि-विज्ञान -- phonetics; phonology.
  • ध्वनित dhvanīt — (a) sounded; suggested (meaning in Poetics).
  • ध्वन्यर्थ dhvannyarth — (nm) suggested meaning; hence ध्वन्यर्थता (nf).
  • ध्वन्यात्मक dhvannyā:tmāk — (a) phonetic; phonological; suggestive, suggestion-based (poetry etc.); hence ध्वन्यात्मकता (nf).
  • ध्वस्त dhvast — (a) ruined; destroyed, devastated; hence ध्वस्तता (nf).
  • ध्वानिक dhva:nīk — (a) acoustic; (nm).
  • ध्वानिकी dhva:nīki: — (nf) acoustics.
ध्वानिकीय -- acoustic.
  • न nā — the last letter of the fourth pentad (i.e. तवर्ग) of the Devna:gri: alphabet; (ind.) no, not; a typical conversational particleused for laying emphasis or ascertaining the other person's reaction(as चलोन-.
पत्र लिखोगेन ?); -- isn't it!.
न-तो, न -- neither...nor.
न करना -- tosay 'no', to refuse; to decline; todeny.
न आए की खुशी न गए का दुःख -- ifrich be not elected, if poor be notdejected.
न इधर न उधर -- sitting onthe fence.
न घर का न घाट का -- neitherfish nor fowl, neither here northere.
न नौ मन तेल/सोना होगा न राधा नाचेगी -- if the sky falls, we shallgather larks.
न कुछ से कुछ भला -- something is better than nothing, betterare small fish than an empty dish.
न खाये न खाने दे -- dog in the manger.
न खुदा ही मिला न विसाले सनम -- he whohunts two hares leaves one andloses the other, like a donkeybetween two heaps of hay.
न जायेमांदन न पाये रफ़्तन -- up a gum-tree, atthe end of one's wits.
न तीतर न बटेर -- neither fish/flesh nor fowl, neither hawk nor buzzard.
न बाबाआयें न घंटा बाजै -- no priest, no mass.
न रहेगा बाँस न बजेगी बाँसुरी -- no root, no fruit.
न सावन सूखे न भादों हरे -- everdrunk ever dry.
  • नंग-धड़ंग nāṅg-dhaṛāṅg — (a) stark naked, completely nude.
  • नंगा nāṅga: — (a) naked, nude; bare, uncovered; exposed; leafless; shameless; wicked.
नंगाझोली (री) -- a thorough personal search.
नंगा नाच -- brazen/shameless performance, act ordisplay.
नंगापन -- nakedness, nudeness; shamelessness; wickedness.
नंगा बुच्चा/बूचा -- indigent and deformed.
नंगा भूखा -- poverty-stricken, indigent andafflicted.
नंगा-, मादरज़ाद -- stark-naked, naked as one is born.
नंगा लुच्चा -- mean and wicked; depraved anddegenerate.
नंगे पाँव -- bare-footed.
नंगा करना -- to denude, to strip (ofclothes); to expose; to uncover, tobare.
नंगा हो जाना -- to show the clovenfoot/hoof.
  • नंद nānd — (nf) see ननद; (nm) traditionally speaking, the chief of the clan of गोपs of Gokul, whoadopted कृष्ण as his son.
  • नंदकिशोर nāndkishor — (nm) an epithet of कृष्ण (being the adopted son of नंद).
  • नंदकुमार nāndkuma:r — (nm) see नंद. किशोर.
  • नंदन nāndan — (nm) one who delights; a son; the mythological garden of इंद्र —the chief of gods.
नंदन कानन/नंदन वन -- the mythological garden of Indra —the cheif of gods.
  • नंदलाल nāndla:l — (nm) see नंदकिशोर.
  • नंदित nāndit — (a) delighted; pleased.
  • नंदिनी nāndinī: — (nf) a daughter.
  • नंदोई nāndoi: — (nm) see ननदोई.
  • नंबर nāmbar — (nm) number; marks; counting.
नंबरदार -- a headman, village-head.
नंबरवार -- one by one; turn-wise.
नंबर एक का -- of the first order(used in derogatory senses onlyas नंबर एक का बेवकूफ़/चालाक/धोख़ेबाज़etc.).
  • नंबरी nāmbari: — (a) notorious; the mark of authority; of one hundred(as नोट); bearing a number, numbered; of the first order.
  • नई nai: — (a) new; fem. of नया (see).
नई आवती -- fresh receipt.
नई नवेली -- young and new.
नई निकोर -- brand new.
  • नक nāk — an allomorph of नाक used as the first member in compoundwords.
नककटा -- nose-clipt, noseless, a person whose nose has beenchopped off; shameless, brazen-faced.
नकचढ़ा -- fastidious, peevish, irate.
नकपिच्चू -- snub-nosed.
नकवानी -- harassing, plaguing.
  • नकटा nākṭa: — (nm) see नक (नकटाकटा).
नकटा जीए बुरे हवाल -- he that hath ill name is half-hanged.
  • नकटी nākṭi: — (nf) feminine form of नकटा (see); snot, nasal mucus.
  • नक़द naqad — (a) cash, hard cash; (nm) cash, ready money; money in (theform of) coins; (adv) in cash.
नक़द का व्यवहार -- cash transaction.
नक़द नारायण -- lit. money—that is god; almightycash/money.
  • नक़दी naqdi: — (nm) see नक़द; (a) hand cash.
नक़दी चिट्ठा -- a cash book.
  • नक़ब naqab — (nf) burglary, house-breaking.
नक़बज़न -- a burglar.
नक़बज़नी -- burglary.
नक़ब लगाना -- to burgle, tocommit burglary.
  • नक़ल naqal — (nf) a copy, duplicate; imitation; mimicking, mimicry.
नक़लची -- a mimicker; an imitator; onewho copies.
नक़लनवीस -- a copyist.
नक़लनवीसी -- the office or work of acopyist; copying.
नक़ल करना -- to playthe ape, to imitate.
नक़ल के लिए भी अक़ल चाहिए -- even imitation has tobe accomplished with a touch ofintelligence.
नक़ल को अक्ल क्या -- why useyour wits for imitation !.
नक़ल ही सच्ची ख़ुशामद है -- imitation is the sincerestflattery.
  • नक़ली naqli: — (a) counterfeit, false; artificial; fabricated, fictitious; sham; spurious; impostorous.
  • नक़शा naqsha: — (nm) a map, chart, plan; pomp and show.
नक़शानवीस -- adraftsman.
नक़शानवीसी -- draftsmanship.
नक़शे -- symptoms; prospects; pompand show; showing off.
नक़शेबाज़ -- one who shows off a lot.
नक़शेबाज़ी -- showing off, blazonry.
  • नकसीर naksi:r — (nf) spistaxis, nosebleed.
नकसीर आना/नकसीर फूटना -- the nose to start bleeding.
  • नक़ाब naqa:b — (nf) a mask; veil; visor, vizard.
नक़ाब पोश -- (a) masked (man), wearing a mask.
नक़ाब उलटना -- to expose(somebody), to uncover the real man.
  • नका/र naka:r — (nm) the letter न (na) and its sound; (nm) decline; refusal; negation; denial.
नकारांत -- (aword) ending in न् (n).
  • नकारना naka:rnā: — (v) to refuse, to decline; to negate; to deny; todishonour (as a चेकनकारना).
  • नकारात्मक naka:ra:tmāk — (a) negative, implying refusal/denial/decline; hence नकारात्मकता (nf).
  • नक़ाशना naqa:shnā: — (v) to engrave; to carve; to sculpture.
  • नकियाना nakiya:nā: — (v) to speak through the nose; to pester, to vex.
  • नकेल nakel — (nf) a nose-string, nose-halter (of ox, bear or camel which serves as rein); wooden or ironpin fixed in camel's nose; a cavesson.
नकेल डालना -- to tame, to bring.
  • नक्का nakka: — (nm) the eye of a needle.
  • नक़्क़ारख़ा/ना naqqa:rḳḥa:nā: — (nm) the kettle-drum chamber.
नक़्क़ारख़ाने में तुती की आवाज़ (कौन सुनता है) -- (who wouldlisten to) a cry in wilderness.
  • नक़्क़ारची naqqa:rchi: — (nm) a kettle-drummer, one who plays on/beats a kettle-drum.
  • नक़्क़ा/रा naqqa:ra: — (nm) a huge kettle-drum.
नक़्क़ारा बजाकर, नक़्क़ारे की चोट पर -- lit. by beat of drum, meaning —with a public proclamation; publicly, openly.
नक़्क़ारा बजाते फिरना -- to go about declaring openly, toproclaim by beat of drum, toblazon all round.
  • नक़्क़ाल naqqa:l — (nm) a cheat; imitator; a mimic, mimicker.
  • नक़्क़ाश naqqa:sh — (nm) an engraver; a carver.
  • नक़्क़ाशी naqqa:shi: — (nf) engraving, carving; etching; designing.
नक़्क़ाशीदार -- engraved; carved; etched; carrying designs.
  • नक्की nakki: — नक्की करना, हिसाब to clear off, to pay in full, to be quits.
  • नक्कू nakku: — (a) long-nosed (person); (a person) who thinks too muchof himself; non-conforming, a buttfor accusing fingers; notorious fornon-conformist initiatives; fastidious.
नक्कू बनना -- to take a non-conformist initiative, to cause accusingfingers to be raised by non-conformist conduct.
  • नक़्द naqd — (a and nm) see नक़द.
  • नक़्दी naqdi: — (nm) नक़दी.
  • नक़्श naqsh — (a) engraved; imprinted; (nm) features.
नक़्श-ए-क़दम पर -- in thefootsteps of, emulating.
नक़्श , तीखे -- sharpfeatures.
नक़्शदार -- imprinted, carrying an imprint.
नक़्श होना -- to be im-printed; to create an impression.
  • नक़्शा naqsha: — (nm) see नक़शा.
नक़्शानवीस, नक़्शानवीसी -- see under नक़शा.
  • नक्षत्र nakshattr — (nm) a star; a constellation, an asterism in the moon's path comprised of 27 or 28 stars.
नक्षत्रधारी -- born under a lucky star, destined to rise high.
नक्षत्रलोक -- thesky.
नक्षत्रवान -- lucky, fortunate.
नक्षत्रविद -- an astrologist.
नक्षत्रविद्या -- Astrology.
  • नख nakh — (nm) nail; (nf) a fruit akin to the pear in shape, size andtaste.
नखक्षत -- bruises caused by thenails (in amorous sport).
नखशिख -- top to bottom, the entire physicalframe.
नखशिख-वर्णन -- elaborate description of physical charms.
नख से शिख तक -- from top to bottom, fromhead to heel.
  • नख़रा naḳḥra: — (nm) coquetry; flirtatious airs, airs and graces.
नख़रा तिल्ला -- coquetry, coquette.
नख़रेबाज़ -- coquetish.
नख़रेबाज़ी -- coquette, coquetry.
नख़रे दिखाना, नख़रे करना -- to coquet.
  • नख़लिस्तान naḳḥlista:n — (nm) an oasis.
  • नख़ास naḳḥa:s — (nm) a market-place; cattle-sale market; horse-market.
  • नग nag — (nm) a gem, jewel, precious stone; a piece, number; an item; amountain.
नगपति -- the Himalayas.
  • नगण्य nagāṉṉy — (a) trifle, trifling, trite; insignificant; worthless; inappreciable; hence नगण्यता (nf).
  • नगद nagad — (a and nm) see नक़द.
  • नगदी nagdi: — (nm) hard cash.
  • नग़मा nag̣mā: — (nm) a song; melody.
  • नगर nagar — (nm) a city; town.
नगर का -- urban.
नगर-निगम -- municipal corporation.
नगरपालिका -- municipality, municipal committee.
नगरपिता -- city father, municipal councillor.
नगर-प्रमुख -- themayor.
नगर प्रांत -- urban area; a suburb.
  • नगरी nagri: — (nf) a big city.
  • नगा/ड़ा naga:ṛa: — (nm) a big kettle-drum, timbal, tomtom.
नगाड़े की चोट पर -- openly, publicly.
  • नगीना nagi:nā: — (nm) a gem, jewel.
नगीनागर/साज़ -- a gem-smith, one whostuds or insets a gem (in an ornament etc.).
नगीना जड़ना -- to stud or inseta jewel/gem.
  • नग्न nagn — (a) nude, naked; uncovered.
नग्नता -- nudeness, nakedness; shamelessness, wickedness.
नग्न नृत्य -- a show of shamelessness, a brazenperformance/act/display.
  • नचाना nacha:nā: — (v) to cause/make somebody to dance (to one'stune), to cause to act at will; tomove the pupil(s) of the eye(s); (as आँखनचाना); to harass; to tease.
  • नज़दीक nazdi:k — (adv) near, close, in the vicinity.
नज़दीक के -- close to/by, near.
नज़दीकी -- near, close (as रिश्तेदार).
  • नज़र nazar — (nf) sight; eyesight, vision; look, glance; attention; gift, present, offering; influence cast byan evil eye.
नज़रबंद -- in detention, under watch; an internee, detenu.
नज़रबंदी -- detention, internment.
नज़रअंदाज़ करना -- to brush aside, totake no notice of, to overlook, toignore, to disregard.
नज़र आना -- tocome in sight or view; to see, toappear.
नज़र करना -- to present, to offer; to look, to see नज़र गढ़ाना to gaze at, to look with a fixed gaze/intently.
नज़र चुराना -- to evade being sighted, toavoid an exchange of looks.
नज़र दौड़ाना -- to look round, to have a hurriedlook around.
नज़र न उठना -- not to be ina position to look straight, to bedowncast through shame.
नज़र पड़ना -- to spot, to sight.
नज़र पर चढ़ना -- tocatch the fancy of, to have a liking for, to be attracted (towards); to appear pretty.
नज़र फिसलना -- to bedazzled, not to be able to fix theeyes at one point.
नज़र बचाना -- to tryto evade, to avoid being sighted/spotted.
नज़र बदलना -- one's favours tobe withdrawn; one's attitude toundergo a change; to assume adifferent posture.
नज़र लगना -- to beafflicted by an evil eye, to bestruck by an ominous glance.
नज़रें चार होना -- to catch each other'seye, to exchange glances.
नज़रें मिलना -- to look into each other'seyes, to catch each other's eyes.
नज़रेसानी -- revision.
नज़रों में चढ़ना -- to be in good books of, to go upin the esteem of.
नज़रों से गिरना -- tobe deep in one's black books, tobe in bad books of.
नज़रों सें दूर, दिल से दूर -- far from eye, far fromheart, out of sight out of mind.
  • नज़राना nazra:nā: — (nm) a present, gift.
  • नज़रिया nazariya: — (nm) point of view, viewpoint; angle.
  • नज़ला nazla: — (nm) catarrh, cold.
नज़ला गिरना -- to suffer from bad cold; to be a victim of somebody's wrath.
  • नज़ाकत naza:kat — (nf) delicacy, tenderness, grace.
नज़ाकत दिखाना -- to make two bites of a cherry.
  • नजात naja:t — (nf) salvation, liberation, riddance.
नजात मिलना -- to be freed/liberated.
  • नज़ारत naza:rat — (nf) the position or office of a na:zir.
  • नज़ारा naza:ra: — (nm) a scene, view; spectacle, sight.
नज़ारा है, क्या -- what asight !.
  • नज़ीर nazi:r — (nf) a precedent; an example, instance.
नज़ीर पेश करना -- to cite a precedent.
  • नजूमी naju:mī: — (nm) an astrologer.
  • नजूल naju:l — (nm) the improvement trust.
  • नज़्म nazm — (nf) a poem; verse.
  • नट naṭ — (nm) an acrobat; a particular low-caste amongst the Hinduswho earn their livelihood throughacrobatic performances; a member of this caste; a rope-dancer, funambulist, tumbler; an actor.
नटनागर -- Lord Krishṉā.
नटराज -- LordShiv.
नटवर -- Lord Krishṉā hence नटिनी (nf).
  • नटख/ट naṭkhaṭ — (a) naughtiness, mischievous.
नटखटपना/नटखटपन -- naughtiness, mischievousness; also नटखटी (nf).
  • नटना naṭnā: — (v) to go back on one's words, to refuse; to negate, tosay 'no'.
  • नटी naṭi: — (nf) feminine form of नट (see); an actress; the stage manager's spouse.
  • नत nat — (a) bent, tilted, curved; bowed; humble(d).
नतमस्तक -- havingthe head bowed down (throughmodesty, shame, etc.); respectful.
  • नति nati — (nf) inclination, bias; bend; modesty.
  • नतिनी natinī: — (nf) a granddaughter.
  • नतीजा nati:ja: — (nm) the result; consequence; conclusion.
  • नत्थी natthi: — (a) attached; annexed; appended, tagged.
नत्थी करना -- to tag; to attach; to annex.
  • नथ nath — (nf) a nose-ring; nose-rope (for bullocks, etc.).
नथ उतारना -- infeudal times, a ceremony amongstprostitutes when a young girlstepped into the family professionand was surrendered to a wealthycustomer for the first time inreturn for enormous reward orconsideration.
  • नथ/ना nathnā: — (nm) a nostril, nares.
नथने फुलाना -- to be in rage, to beinfuriated.
नथने सिकोड़ना -- to expressdislike or disgust through shrinkage of the nostrils.
  • नथनी nathni: — (nf) a small नथ (see).
  • नद nad — (nm) a big river.
  • नदारद nada:rad — (a) missing, not present; disappeared, vanished; absent.
  • नदी nadi: — (nf) a river.
नदी-घाटी -- river valley.
नदी-तल -- the river bed.
नदी-नाव संयोग -- a chance meeting.
नदी-पात्र -- theriver basin.
नदीमुख -- embouchure, mouth of a river.
नदी बहाना, ख़ून की -- to shed a stream of blood, tocause immense bloodshed.
  • नदीश nadi:sh — (nm) the ocean, sea.
  • ननद nanād — (nf) sister-in-law, husband's sister.
  • ननदोई nandoi: — (nm) brother-in-law, the husband of a woman's ननद(see).
  • ननसाल nansa:l — (nf) mother's paternal home.
  • ननिहाल naniha:l — (nf) see ननसाल.
  • ननु-नच nanū-nach — (ind.) if and but, hitch.
ननु-नच-, बिना -- without questioning, without any ifs and buts, withoutany hitch.
  • नन्हाँ nannhā: — (a) tiny; small; wee; to young.
  • नपा napa: — (a) measured.
नपा-तुला -- precisely assessed; precise.
नपी-तुली बात कहना -- to speak by the card.
  • नपाई napa:i: — (nf) measurement, the process of and charges paid formeasuring.
  • नपुंसक napunsak — (nm) a eunuch; an impotent person; a coward; (a) impotent; cowardly, unmanly.
नपुंसकता/त्व -- impotence; unmanliness; cowardice.
नपुंसक लिंग -- neuter gender.
  • नफ़रत nafrat — (nf) hatred, dislike; contempt, abomination.
नफ़रतअंगेज़ -- contemptible, hateful, abominable, despicable.
  • नफ़री nafri: — (nf) daily wage (of a.
  • नफ़ा nafa: — (nm) profit; gain; advantage.
नफ़ा-नुकसान समझना -- to know which side one's bread is buttered; toknow one's good and bad.
नफ़ा खाना -- to profit through (some act), toreap the advantage of.
  • नफ़ासत nafa:sat — (nf) nicety, fineness; sophistication.
नफ़ासतपसन्द -- dainty; onewho has a liking for exquisitenessand excellence; cox-comb; hence नफ़ासतपसंदी (nf).
  • नफ़ी nafi: — (nf) minus; negation.
  • नफ़ी/री nafi:ri: — (nf) a clarionet.
नफ़ीरची/ नफ़ीरीबाज़ -- a clarionet-player.
  • नफ़ीस nafi:s — (a) nice, fine, excellent, exquisite, dainty.
  • नफ़्स nafs — (nm) soul, self; passion.
नफ़्सपरस्त -- selfish; wanton; debauch.
नफ़्सपरस्ती -- selfishness; wantonness; debauchery.
  • नबी nabi: — (nm) a prophet, a divine messenger.
  • नब्ज़ nabz — (nf) pulse (of the hand).
नब्ज़ छूटना, नब्ज़ न रहना -- the pulse beat to stop.
नब्ज़ टटोलना/देखना -- to feel thepulse.
नब्ज़ पहचानना/ नब्ज़ से वाकिफ़ होना -- toknow through and through, tohave one's hand on the pulse of, to be apprised of the mentalworking of.
  • नब्बाज़ nabba:z — (nm) a pulse-specialist, an expert in diagnosing through check-up of the pulse-beat.
  • नब्बे nabbe — (a) ninety; (nm) the number ninety.
  • नभ nabh — (nm) the sky; firmament; ether.
नभगामी/चर/चारी -- sky-faring.
  • नभश्चर nabhashchar — (nm) see नभचर (under नभ).
  • नभोगति nabhogati — (nf) movement in the sky.
  • नभोगामी nabhoga:mī: — (a) see नभ (नभोगामीगामी).
  • नभोमणि nabhomāṉi — (nm) the sun.
  • नमः nāmāh — (nm) deferential salutation, bowing.
  • नम nām — (a) moist; humid, damp.
नम होना, आँखें -- eyes to get wet, tears to show up in the eyes.
  • नमक nāmāk — (nm) salt; table salt; (touch of) prettiness.
नमकख़्वार -- loyal, loyal servant; hence नमकख़्वारी.
नमकदान/दानी -- salt-cellar.
नमकहराम -- ungrateful, disloyal; faithless, unfaithful.
नमकहरामी -- ungratefulness, ingratitude; disloyalty; faithlessness.
नमकहलाल -- one who serves themaster loyally; loyal, grateful, faithful.
नमकहलाली -- rendering loyalservice to the master, gratefulness, gratitude, loyalty.
नमक (का हक़) अदाकरना -- to discharge (one's) obligation to the master, to make anysacrifice to preserve one's loyalty.
नमक खाना, किसी का -- to have subsistedon somebody's patronage, (andtherefore to be under a debt ofgratitude).
नमक छिड़कना, कटे पर/घाव पर/जले पर -- to add insult to injury, toinflict one affliction upon another.
नमक फूटकर निकलना -- to get punishmentfor disloyalty/ingratitude/infidelity.
नमक-मिर्च लगाना -- to exaggerate(things); to put forth a hyperbolicdescription.
नमक होना, चेहरे पर -- to havepretty looks.
  • नमकी/न nāmki:n — (a) salty, salted; saltish, saline; pretty, beautiful; (nm) a salty dish of snacks.
नमकीनी -- prettiness, pretty looks.
  • नमदा nāmda: — (nm) felt; coarse woollen blanket.
  • नमन nāmān — (nm) deferential salutation, bowing; flexure; dip.
नमन करना -- to bow, to salute deferentially.
  • नमना nāmnā: — (v) to bow, to salute, to make obeisance.
  • नमनीय nāmnī:y — (a) worth.
  • नमस्कार nāmaska:r — (nm) salutation, a term of greeting; adieu !, solong.
नमस्कार करना -- to salute, to greet; tosay good bye.
नमस्कार , दूर से -- keep away, not to have anything to do with.
  • नमस्ते nāmaste — (nf) lit. salutation to you; see नमस्कार.
  • नमाज़ nāma:z — (nf) a formal prayer (by the Muslims).
नमाज़गाह -- a mosque, venue for the muslims to offertheir prayers.
नमाज़ अदा करना/पढ़ना -- tooffer prayers.
  • नमाज़ी nāma:zi: — (a) meticulously regular in नमाज़ (see); a devout, muslom.
  • नमीं nāmī: — (nf) humidity; dampness; moisture.
नमींदार -- humid; damp; moist.
  • नमूदार namū:da:r — (a) manifest; apparent.
नमूदार होना -- to appear, tomake appearance, to be manifest.
  • नमूना namū:nā: — (nm) a sample; specimen, model; design; type; pattern.
नमूना होना -- to be a peculiarspecimen; to be strange.
  • नम्य nāmmy — (a) see नम्यनमनीय.
नम्यता -- plasticity; elasticity; flexibility.
  • नम्र nāmmr — (a) modest, humble; polite; meek, submissive.
नम्रता -- modesty, humility, politeness; meekness, submissiveness.
नम्र निवेदन -- humble submission.
  • नय nay — (nm) policy.
नयशास्त्र -- political science.
  • नयन nāyān — (nm) an eye.
नयन कोर -- extreme end of the eye.
नयनगोचर -- visible, tangible.
नयनछद/पट -- an eyelid.
नयनजल/वारि/सलिल -- tear(s).
नयनपथ -- the visualrange.
नयन विषय -- a visual object.
  • नयनाभिराम naynā:bhira:m — (a) charming, beautiful, attractive; hence नयनाभिरामता (nf).
  • नया naya: — (a) new, novel; fresh; unused; green; recent; modern; raw; inexperienced; young.
नयापन -- newness, novelty; originality; unacquainted; not known.
नया गुल खिलाना -- (said derisively) to dosomething unusual and unseemly; to give a novel and peculiarturn to events.
नया नौकर तीरंदाज़ -- anew broom sweeps clean.
नया नौ दिनपुराना सौ दिन -- while the new perishes, the old endures.
नया मुल्ला अल्लाही अल्ला पुकारता है, नया मुल्ला दिन में दसबार नमाज़ पढ़ता है -- the newer theinitiate, the more rigid his approach.
नया शिकार फँसना -- to get at agame.
नई राह निकालना -- to break freshground.
नए सिरे से -- ab initio, afresh.
  • नयाचार naya:cha:r — (nm) protocol.
नयाचार-प्रमुख -- chief of protocol.
नयाचार-विभाग -- the protocol department.
  • नर nar — (nm) a man; male; (a) male.
नरकपाल -- human skull.
नरकेसरी/केहरी/शार्दूल -- a lion-hearted/lion-like man; incarnation of LordVishṉū; see नृसिंह.
नरत्व -- manhood.
नरनाथ -- a king.
नर-नारी -- man and woman.
नरपति -- a king.
नरपशु -- a beastly man.
नरपिशाच -- a devilish man, cruel man, atrocious.
नरपुंगव -- foremost amongst men; an outstandingman.
नरबलि -- human sacrifice.
नरभक्षी -- a man-eater; cannibal.
नरमेध -- human sacrifice, killing ofman.
नरमेध यज्ञ -- a sacrifice (यज्ञ) involving killing of a human being.
नरलोक -- this world.
नर-वध -- slaughterof human being(s).
नरसिंह -- see नृसिंह.
नर-हत्या -- see नरवध.
नरहरि -- see नृसिंह.
नर चेती नहीं होत है प्रभु चेती तत्काल -- man doth what he can and Godwhat He will.
  • नरक narak — (nm) the hell, inferno; a place of great torture or agony; aplace unfit for human habitation.
  • नर/कट, नरकुल nar/kaṭ, ~kul — (nm) reed.
  • नरगि/स nargis — (nf) the narcissus plant and its flowers.
नरगिसी -- a kindof cloth on which narcissus flowersare imprinted; like a narcissusflower, as beautiful as a narcissusflower (as नरगि आँखें).
  • नरम narām — (a) soft, gentle; delicate; pliant, flexible; kind, merciful; moderate.
नरमदिल -- soft/kind hearted.
नरम पंथ -- moderate course.
नरमपंथी -- moderate.
नरम , कभी, कभी गरम -- to blowhot and cold.
नरम पड़ना -- to softendown.
  • नरमा narmā: — (nm) a kind of cotton.
  • नरमाना narmā:nā: — (v) to soften, to become gentle, to mellow, to become moderate.
  • नरमी narmī: — (nf) softness; gentleness; delicacy; kindness; moderateness.
  • नरसों narsō — (adv) two days after tomorrow; two days before yesterday.
  • नराधम nara:dhām — (nm) the meanest of men; vile/depraved person.
  • नराधिप nara:dhip — (nm) a king.
  • नराधिपति nara:dhipati — (nm) a king.
  • नरेंद्र narēndr — (nm) a king.
  • नरेश naresh — (nm) a king.
  • नरेश्वर nareshwar — (nm) a king.
  • नरोत्तम narottām — (nm) the foremost/best of men; an excellent man.
  • नर्क nark — (nm) see नरक.
  • नर्कट narkaṭ — (nm) see नरकट.
  • नर्कुल narkul — (nm) see नर/कट, नर्कुलकुल.
  • नर्गि/स nargis — (nf) see नरगिस.
नर्गिसी -- see नरगिसी (under नरगिस).
  • नर्तक nartak — (nm) a dancer.
नर्तक-दल -- a troupe of dancers.
  • नर्तकी nartaki: — (nf) a female dancer, dancing girl.
नर्तकी, राज -- a court dancer.
  • न/र्तन nartān — (nm) dancing, dance.
नर्तित -- dancing; danced.
  • न/र्म narm — (a) see नरम.
नर्मी -- see नरमी.
  • नर्स nars — (nf) a nurse.
  • नल nal — (nm) a pipe; tap, hydrant; one of the leading monkey-warriors of Ram's army that foughtthe demon-king Ra:vāṉ.
नलका -- apipe, hydrant.
नलकूप -- a tube-well.
  • नलिका nalika: — (nf) a tubule; tube, pipe.
नलिकाकार -- tubular.
  • नलिन nalin — (nm) a lotus.
  • नलिनी nalinī: — (nf) a lotus; lily.
  • नली nali: — (nf) a tube; tubule; pipe; spout; barrel (of a gun).
  • नवंबर navāmbar — (nm) (the month of) November.
  • नव nav — (a) new, novel, neo नव-; young; fresh; recent; modern; nine; (nm) the number nine.
नवग्रह -- the nineplanets according to Indian astronomy, viz. सूर्य, चंद्र, मंगल, बुध, गुरु, शुक्र, शनि, राहु, केतु.
नवजात -- newlyborn, nascent, neo-natal.
नवता/नवत्व -- newness, novelty.
नवधा -- ofnine ways/kinds; ninefold.
नवधा भक्ति -- the nine ways of भक्ति (see) viz.श्रवण, कीर्तन, स्मरण, पादसेवन, अर्चन, वंदन, दास्य, सख्य, आत्मनिवेदन.
नवनिधि -- the nine treasures of कुबेर (the godof riches), viz. पद्म, महापद्म, शंख, मकर, कच्छप, मुकुंद, कुंद, नील, खर्व.
नवनीत -- butter.
नवपाषाण युग -- neolithicage.
नवमानववाद -- neo-humanism.
नवमार्क्सवाद -- neo-Marxism.
नवयुवक -- a.
  • नवमी navmī: — (nf) the ninth day of each lunar fortnight.
  • नवल naval — (a) new, novel, neo नवल-; fresh; young; recent.
नवलकिशोर -- an epithet of Lord Krishṉā; young man; hence नवलता (nf).
  • नवाँ navā: — (a) the ninth (in order).
  • नवागंतुक nava:gantuk — (nm) a new-comer.
  • नवागत nava:gat — (a) recently arrived; (nm) a newcomer, a guest; hence नवागता (nf).
  • नवाचार nava:cha:r — (nm) an innovation.
  • नवाज़िश nava:zish — (nf) kindness.
  • नवाना nava:nā: — (v) to bend; to humiliate; to cause to yield.
  • नवान्न nava:nn — (nm) new corn (of a harvest).
  • नवान्ह nava:nnh — (nm) a nine-day performance; aggregate of nine days (of some religious observance).
  • नवाब nava:b — (nm) a Nawab, Muslim noble or ruler; title of some Muslim rulers; a man living with great pomp and show.
नवाबज़ादा -- son of a नवाब.
नवाबज़ादी -- daughter of a नवाब.
नवाबी -- pertaining to a नवाब; Nawab-like; the position of a नवाब; conduct similar to that of a नवाब.
नवाबी ठाठ/नवाबी ठाठ-बाट -- luxurious and lavishliving (comparable to that of aNawab).
नवाबी करना -- to live alordly life; to conduct oneself inthe manner of a Nawab.
  • नवासा nawa:sa: — (nm) a daughter's son.
  • नवासी nawa:si: — (a) eighty-nine; (nm) the number eighty-nine; (nf) adaughter's daughter.
  • नवी/करण navi:karāṉ — (nm) renewal; renovation, rejuvenation.
नवीकृत -- renewed, renovated, rejuvenated.
  • नवीन navi:n — (a) new, novel, neo नवीन-; modern; recent; fresh; youthful; young.
नवीनतम -- latest; most modern; up-to-date.
नवीनतर -- newer, moremodern.
नवीनीकरण -- rejuvenation; renewal.
  • नवीनता navi:nta: — (nf) novelty, newness; freshness.
नवीनताशून्य/हीन -- hackneyed, stale.
  • नवीयन navi:yān — (nm) renewal; renovation, rejuvenation.
  • नवी/स navi:s — (nm) a writer, scribe.
नवीसी -- the work or profession ofwriting/scribing.
  • नवे/ला navela: — (a) youthful, young, of young age.
नवेली -- (a lady) of youngage; a young/youthful woman.
  • नवो/ढा, नवोढ़ा navoḍḥa:, ~a: — (nf) a new bride; (a) newly-wed, (woman).
  • नव्य navvy — (a) new, novel, neo नव्य-; modern; recent; hence नव्यता (nf).
  • नशा nasha: — (nm) intoxication; inebriation.
नशाख़ोर -- an inebriate, one addicted to intoxicants.
नशाख़ोरी -- addiction to intoxicants. consuming alcohol as an addiction; inebriation.
नशा-पानी -- some intoxicatingdrink.
नशाबंदी -- prohibition.
नशा उतरना -- .
  • नशीं, नशीन nashī:, nashi:n — a suffix denoting one who sits (e.g. पर्दानशीन, तख़्तनशीन).
  • नशी/ला nashi:la: — (a) intoxicating; inebrient; hence नशीली feminineform.
  • नशोबा/ज़ nasheba:z — (nm and a) (an) addict, habitual drunkard, (one) addicted to an intoxicant; inebriate; hence नशोबाज़ी (nf).
  • नश्तर nashtar — (nm) a lancet; surgical knife.
नश्तर लगाना -- to operate upon; to lance.
  • नश्वर nashshvar — (a) perishable, destructible; transient; hence नश्वरता (nf).
  • नष्ट nashṭ — (a) destroyed, perished, annihilated; destructed, ruined.
नष्टदृष्टि -- one who has lost his eye-sight, rendered blind.
नष्टबुद्धि/नष्टमति -- stupid, off one's head.
नष्ट-भ्रष्ट -- destroyed; ruined, destructed.
नष्टस्मृति -- one who has lost hismemory.
नष्ट करना -- to destroyperish, to destruct; to annihilate; to ruin, to demolish; to deform; to waste; to mar; to spoil; toraze.
  • नस nās — (nf) a vein, sinew; nerve.
नसबंदी -- vasectomy.
नस-नस ढीली होना -- to be unnerved; to be demoralised.
नस-नस पहचानना/नस-नस से वाकिफ़होना -- to know through andthrough.
नस-नस फड़क उठना -- thewhole being to thrill in excitement; to be thrilled.
नस-नस में -- allover the body, in one's wholebeing.
नस-नस में बिजली दौड़ना -- to beelectrified, to be suddenly excitedand stimulated.
नस-नस में होना -- bredin the bone.
  • नसर nasar — (nf) prose (writing).
  • नसल nasal — (nf) breed, pedigree, genealogy.
नसल सुधारना -- to breed.
  • नसवार naswa:r — (nm) snuff.
  • नसीब nasi:b — (nm) fate, luck, fortune; destiny.
नसीब आज़माना -- to try one'sluck.
नसीब का खेल -- miracles wroughtby luck, freaks of fortune.
नसीब काखोटा -- unfortunate.
नसीब का मारा -- struckby ill-luck, rendered helpless bymisfortune.
नसीब का लिखा -- lot; dictates of destiny.
नसीब खुल जाना/चमकना/जागना/सीधा होना -- to be inluck, fortune to smile on someone, to be favoured by DameLuck.
नसीब टेढ़ा होना -- to be hard ofluck, to be out of luck, to havea wretched lot; to be frownedupon by Dame Luck.
नसीब पलटना -- luck to undergo a change; to belucky, a run of good-luck to commence.
नसीब फूटना/सो जाना -- to bestruck by ill-luck, to be under aspell of misfortune.
नसीब लड़ना -- toprove lucky, to be favoured byDame Luck.
नसीब होना -- to attain, toachieve, to obtain/get, to have.
  • नसीबा nasi:ba: — (nm) see नसीब.
  • नसीहत nasi:hat: — (nf) teaching, precept; counselling; preaching.
नसीहत करना/देना -- to preach; to counsel; to impart a teaching.
  • नसे सै नी nase ai nī: — (nf) a ladder; staircase, stairway.
  • नस्ल nasl — (nf) see नसल.
  • नहन्नी nehannī: — (nf) see नहरनी.
  • नह/र nehar — (nf) a canal, channel; waterway.
नहरी -- pertaining orbelonging to a नहर, canal.
  • नहरनी neharnī: — (nf) a nail-cutter, nail-paring instrument.
  • नह/ला nehla: — (nm) the nine in playing cards, a playing card with nine pips.
नहले पर दहला -- to go onebetter, to outdo an adversary.
  • नहलाई nehla:i: — (nf) the act, process of, or wages paid for, bathing.
  • नहलवाना nehalwa:nā: — (v) to (cause to) bathe, to give a bath.
  • नहलाना nehla:nā: — (v) to give a bath.
  • नहाना naha:nā: — (v) to bathe, to take a bath.
नहाना-धोना -- lit. bathingand washing—bathing; bathingand other incidental acts; tobathe and perform other incidental acts.
  • नहीं nāhī: — (ind) no, not.
नहीं तो -- otherwise, or else; if not; lest; but for; no, certainly not.
  • नहूसत nahu:sat — (nf) inauspiciousness; unluckiness.
  • नाँघना nā:ghnā: — (v) see लाँघना.
  • नाँद nā:d — (nf) a manger; tub, trough.
  • नांदी nā:ndi: — (nm) a benedictory prologue (in Indian dramaturgy); the mythological bull-vehicle ofLord Shiv.
नांदीकर -- one who recitesthe नांदी.
नांदीपाठ -- recitation of the नांदी.
  • नाँवाँ nā:vā: — (nm) money; cash.
  • ना nā: — (ind) a word denoting negation, no.
नाइंसाफ़ -- unjust.
नाइंसाफ़ी -- injustice.
नाइत्तिफ़ाकी -- disagreement.
नाउम्मीद -- hopeless; disappointed, despaired.
नाउम्मीदी -- hopelessness; disappointment, despair.
नाक़दरा/क़द्र -- a non-connoisseur, one whodoes not appreciate merit.
नाक़दरी/नाक़द्री -- non-appreciation, neglect, disregard.
नाक़ाफी -- inadequate, insufficient.
नाक़ाबिल -- unworthy; unqualified; incapable; undeserving, not fit for, not worth.
नाक़ाबिलियत -- incapability, inability; unworthiness.
नाकाम -- fruitless, ineffective; disabled; unsuccessful.
नाकाम लौटना -- to draw blank.
नाकामयाब -- unsuccessful; failed.
नाकामयाबी -- failure.
नाकामी -- failure; ineffectiveness.
नाकारा -- useless, worthless; unserviceable, good for nothing; a bad egg; idle.
नाकारा कर देना -- to clipone's wings, to make ineffectiveunserviceable.
नाक़िस -- inferior; wicked, worthless; defective.
नाख़ुदा -- see नाख़ुदा.
नाख़ुश -- unhappy; displeased; annoyed.
नाख़ुशी -- unhappiness, displeasure; annoyance.
नाख़्वाँदा -- illiterate, unlettered.
नागवार -- intolerable, unbearable.
नागवार गुज़रना -- to be unbearable; asense of displeasure to be aroused; to feel offended.
नागहानी -- accident, accidental occurrence.
नाचाक़ी -- discord, estrangement, estrangedfeelings.
नाचीज़ -- a small fry; worthless, insignificant, petty, trifling.
नाजायज़ -- improper; undue; illegitimate.
नातजर्बेकार -- inexperienced; a novice.
नातजर्बेकारी -- cackof experience.
नातमाम -- incomplete.
नातवाँ -- feeble, weak.
नातवानी -- feebleness, weakness.
नादान -- ignorant, stupid, nincompoop.
नादान की दोस्ती जी का जंजाल -- befriend a fooland suffer a thousand falls.
नादानदोस्त से दाना दुश्मन अच्छा -- better have.
  • नाइट्रोजन na:iṭrojān — (nf) the nitrogen gas.
  • नाईं nā:ī: — (ind) like, as, in the manner of.
  • नाई na:i: — (nm) a barber, a low caste in the traditional Hindusocial order subsisting on hair-cutting, shaving, etc.
नाई-तेली-धोबी -- the butcher, the baker, the candlestickmaker.
  • नाक nā:k — (nf) the nose; (a symbol of) prestige; honour; pre-eminentperson (in a class or group); (nm) the heaven; a kind of crocodile; used as a suffix to mean'full of/impregnated with' as ख़तरनाक, शर्मनाक.
नाक-नक़्श -- facialfeatures, facial cut.
नाकवाला -- honourable; having a prestige.
नाक ऊँची होना -- to be honourable; toacquire added status/respect; social standing to be enhanced.
नाक कटना -- to lose face, to have one'sfair name tarnished, to be facedwith humiliation; one's honour tobe sullied.
नाक काटना -- to inflict humiliation; to defame; to disgrace, to dishonour; to outwit, to provemore than a match.
नाक का बाल -- very intimate, in the closest ofcounsels.
नाक की सीध में -- just in front, as the crow flies.
नाक के नीचे -- underthe very nose of, in the verypresence of.
नाक के सुर में बोलना -- to speak in a nasalised voice, tospeak through the nose.
नाक घिसना -- see नाक रगड़ना.
नाक चढ़ाना -- lit. to stretchthe nostrils upwards to expressindignation/contempt.
नाक छिड़कना -- see नाकसिनकना.
नाक जाना -- to lose one'shonour, prestige/honour to besullied, one's reputation to be.
  • नाक-नक़्शा nā:k-naqsha: — (nm) features, facial cut.
  • नाका nā:ka: — (nm) the entrance or extremity (of a road etc.), acheck-post; eye (of a needle); akind of crocodile.
  • नाका के बंदी nā:ka: ke bāndi: — (nf) a blockade, barring of entry andexit.
  • नाक्षत्र nā:kshattr — (a) pertaining to or related with नक्षत्र (see).
  • नाख na:kh — (nf) a fruit akin to the pear in shape, size and taste.
  • नाख़ुदा nā:ḳḥuda: — (nm) captain of a ship; (a) atheist(ic).
  • नाख़ू/न nā:ḳḥū:n — (nm) a nail.
नाख़ूननाख़ू- तराश -- a nail-cutter.
नाख़ूनी -- of thebreadth of a nail —of very smallbreadth; nail-coloured.
  • नाग na:g — (nm) a cobra, snake; an elephant; (a) treacherous, venomous.
नाग देवता -- serpent god.
नागलोक -- the world of snakes नाग पाताल, thenether world.
  • नागपंचमी na:gpāṇchmī: — (nf) a Hindu festival celebrated on the fifth dayof the moonlit fortnight of themonth of सावन.
  • नागफनी na:gphanī: — (nf) a cactus, prickly pear.
  • नागर na:gar — (a) urban; civil, civic, civilian; wise; (nm) a civilian; asubcaste of Bra:hmaṉs of Gujarat; Na:gri:(Devna:gri:) letters/alphabet; also नागर अक्षर.
नागरता -- civility; urbanity.
  • नागराक्षर na:gara:kshar — (nm) a Devna:gri: character/letter.
  • नागराज na:gra:j — (nm) the mythological king of snakes called शेषनाग; a huge snake.
  • नागरिक na:grik — (a) civil; civilian; urbane; (nm) a citizen; civilian.
नागरिक अधिकार -- civilian rights, citizenshiprights.
नागरिकता -- citizenship; civility.
  • नागरी na:gri: — (a) (fem. form of.
  • नागरीकरण na:gri:karāṉ — (nm) urbanisation; transcription into Devna:gri: letters.
  • नागहानी na:gha:nī: — (a) sudden, accidental.
  • नागा na:ga: — (nm) a Shaivite sect (whose members go about nude); a member of this sect; a tribeinhabiting the north-east frontierin the hill state of Assam (inIndia).
नागालैंड -- the small north-eastfrontier state of the Indian Union.
  • नाग़ा na:g̣a: — (nf) absence from work.
  • नागिन na:gīn — (nf) a she-cobra, female snake; (a) venomous(woman).
  • नाच nā:ch — (nf) dance.
नाच-कूद -- festivity, dancing and fun-making.
नाच-गाना -- dance and music.
नाचघर -- adancing hall.
नाच-रंग -- merry-making, entertainment.
नाच उठना -- to dancethrough joy; to burst forth intoa dance.
नाच नचाना -- to lead person apretty dance, to make somebodydance to one's tune; to causeharassment, to harass.
नाच न जानेआँगन टेढ़ा -- a bad workman quarrelswith his tools.
  • नाच/ना nā:chnā: — (v) to dance; to run about.
नाचना नाच-गाना -- dancingand singing, merry-making.
नाचनेवाली -- a dancing girl.
  • नाज na:j — (nm) see अनाज.
  • नाज़ na:z — (nm) coquetry; airs; feigned air, pride, vanity.
नाज़ नख़रा -- coquettishness, alluring gestures.
नाज़नीं/नीन -- a delicate beauty.
नाज़बरदार -- onewho dances attendance upon; who puts with or endures thecoquettish conduct of another; hence नाज़बरदारी.
नाज़-ओ-अदा -- see नाज़ नख़रा.
नाज़-ओ-नियाज़ -- amorous goings-on.
नाज़ उठाना -- to endure the coquettish/alluring gestures of.
  • नाज़िम na:zim — (nm) manager, organiser.
  • नाज़िर na:zir — (nm) a court-official, supervisor.
  • नाज़िल na:zil — .
नाज़िल होना -- to befall, to come down upon; to be struck by.
  • नाज़ी na:zi: — (nm) see नात्सी.
  • नाज़ुक na:zuk — (a) delicate, frail, tender; critical.
नाज़ुकख़याल -- (of) subtle or tender ideas.
नाज़ुकदिमाग़ -- of a delicatetemper; touchy.
नाज़ुकदिल -- soft-hearted, kind.
नाज़ुकबदन -- of a delicate frame, of a frail constitution.
नाज़ुकमिज़ाज -- touchy, irascible; ofsensitive disposition.
नाज़ुक हालत में होना -- to hang by a thread, to be in aprecarious condition.
  • नाटक nā:ṭak — (nm) a drama; play.
नाटककार -- a dramatist, playwright.
नाटकशाला -- a theatre.
नाटक करना -- to stagea play.
नाटक रचना -- to create a (dramatic) scene; to author a play/drama.
नाटकीकरण -- dramatization.
  • नाटकीय nā:ṭaki:y — (a) dramatic; his. trionic.
नाटकीयता -- dramatic element/character.
नाटकीय प्रभाव -- stage effect.
  • नाटना nā:ṭnā: — (v) to decline; to refuse; to deny.
  • नाटा nā:ṭa: — (a) short, short-statured, dwarfish.
  • नाटिका nā:ṭika: — (nf) diminutive of नाटक—a short play.
  • नाट्य nā:ṭṭy — (a) dramatic; histrionic.
नाट्यकला -- dramatic art, histrionics.
नाट्यकार -- a dramatist, playwright; anactor; a performer (of a play).
नाट्यशाला -- a theatre.
नाट्य-शास्त्र -- dramaturgy.
नाट्यशास्त्री -- dramaturgist.
नाट्यशिल्प -- stagecraft, the art of theatre; hence नाट्यशिल्पी (nm).
  • नाट्याचार्य nā:ṭṭya:cha:ry — (nm) a master of the dramatic/histrionicart, dramaturgist.
  • नाट्योचित nā:ṭṭyochit — (a) befitting a drama; dramatic, histrionic.
  • नाठ nā:ṭḥ — (nf) ruination, destruction.
  • नाड़ा na:ṛa: — (nm) trousers' string, tape inserted in the upper part of the trousers for binding it roundthe waist.
  • नाड़िका na:ṛika: — (nf) a vein.
  • नाड़ी na:ṛi: — (nf) pulse; vein; artery.
नाड़ी-परीक्षा -- feeling of the pulse (by aphysician).
नाड़ी-संस्थान -- the wholesystem of arteries and veins.
नाड़ी देखना -- to feel the pulse of.
नाड़ी पहचानना -- to be aware of the pulsevibrations of to know thoroughly well.
  • नाता nā:ta: — (nm) relation; connection.
नाता जोड़ना -- to establish relationship with, to have links with.
नाता तोड़ना -- to break off.
  • ना/ती nā:ti: — (nm) a grandson; hence नातिन (nf).
  • नाते nā:te — (nm) relations, connections; (adv) by virtue of; for the sake of, for; because of.
नाते-के -- as, by virtue of being.
नाते-रिश्ते -- relationship, relations and connections.
  • नातेदा/र nā:teda:r — (nm) a relative, kinsfolk.
नातेदारी -- relationship.
नातेदार-रिश्तेदार -- kith and kin, body of relatives.
  • नात्सी na:tsi: — (nm) a Nazi.
नात्सी-दल -- the Nazi party.
नात्सीवाद -- Nazism.
नात्सीवादी -- a Nazi; Nazist, Nazistic.
  • नाथ nā:th — (nm) a master, husband; nose-rope (of a bullock etc.); amember of the mediaeval religious sect called the नाथपंथ.
नाथपंथ -- a mystical mediaeval religioussect.
नाथ पंथी -- an adherent of the नाथपंथ.
  • नाथना nā:thnā: — (v) to pierce the nostril (of); to bring under control, to hold sway; to string (into one).
  • नाद na:d — (nm) a sound, musical sound; noise; (nf) see नाँद.
  • नादा/न na:da:n — (a) see ना (नादादान).
नादानी -- see ना (नादादानी).
नादान की दोस्ती जी का जंजाल -- befriend a fool andsuffer a thousand falls.
नादान दोस्तसे दाना दुश्मन अच्छा -- better have asensible foe than a foolish friend.
  • नादित na:dit — (a) sounded; voiced.
  • नादिम na:dīm — (a) ashamed, filled with shame.
  • नादिया na:diya: — (nm) see नांदी; a show-bull used by some quackastrologers to obey specific commands and make certain answersetc.
  • नादिरशा/ह na:dirsha:h — (nm) a tyrant, tyrannous dictator (a usage basedon the name of the cruel Persianinvader who stormed Delhi andordered a general massacre in theyear 1738); king stork, an oppressively active ruler.
नादिरशाही -- tyranny, high-handedness; tyrannous.
नादिरशाही हुक्म -- a tyrannous command tobe obeyed forthwith.
  • नान nā:n — (nf) a kind of thick oven-cooked bread.
  • नानख़ताई nā:nḳḥata:i: — (nf) a kind of sweatmeat.
  • नानबाई nā:nba:i: — (nm) a bread-seller.
  • नाना nā:nā: — (nm) maternal grandfather; (a) varied, diverse, manifold; miscellaneous.
  • नानाविध nā:nā:vidh — (a) varied, variegated, multifarious; miscellaneous; hence नानाविधता (nf).
  • नानिहाल na:niha:l — (nf—also nm in some parts of the Hindi-speaking area) see ननिहाल.
  • नानी nā:nī: — (nf) maternal grandmother.
नानी का घर -- an easy job, a place of fun and frolic.
नानी के आगेननसाल का बखान -- to teach one's.
  • नाप nā:p — (nm) measure, measurement.
नाप-जोख/तोल -- measure and weight, measurement; assessment.
  • नापना nā:pnā: — (v) to measure.
  • नापित nā:pit — (nm) a barber.
  • नाफ़ nā:f — (nf) the navel.
नाफ़ चलना -- the navel to be dislocated.
  • नाबदान nā:bdā:n — (nm) a drain, gutter.
नाबदान का कीड़ा -- a despicable creature.
नाबदान में मुँह मारना -- to indulge in a despicable act, to stoop too low.
  • ना/भि, नाभी na:bhi, ~bhi: — (nf) the navel; umbilicus, hub.
ना-केंद्र -- the focal point, focus.
ना-मूल -- thepart of the abdomen just belowthe navel.
  • नाभि/क na:bhik — (nm) the nucleus.
नाभिकीय -- nuclear.
नाभिकीय ऊर्जा -- nuclear energy.
नाभिकीय विज्ञान -- nuclear science.
  • नाभिका nā:bhika: — (nf) see नाभि.
  • नाम nā:m — (nm) name; title; appellation; renown, fame.
नामकरण -- baptism; naming; nomenclature.
नामकरण संस्कार -- the ceremony of naming achild, baptismal ceremony.
नाम-कीर्तन -- constant repetition of God'sname.
नाम-ग्राम -- whereabouts, thename and address.
नामचीं -- renowned, well-known.
नामज़द -- nominated.
नामज़दगी -- nomination.
नामतंत्र -- nomenclature.
नामदार -- well-known, famous.
नामधातु -- nominal verb/root.
नाम-धाम -- name and address, where-abouts.
नामधारी -- named, known bythe name of.
नामधेय -- bearing thename of, known as.
नाम-निर्देश -- mention or reference of the name(of).
नाम-निशान -- trace; vestige.
नामपट्ट -- a name-plate; signboard.
नाम पत्र -- alabel.
नाम-पत्रांकन -- labelling.
नाम-पद्धति -- (system of) nomenclature.
नाममात्र को -- only in name, nominal.
नाममात्रवाद -- nominalism.
नाममाला -- a string ofnames; a collection of nomenclature.
नामरासी -- name-sake.
नामरूप -- name and form.
नामरूप वाद -- nominalism.
नामलेवा -- a survivor, one who remembers (a deceased).
नामवर -- renowned, famous.
नामवरी -- renown, fame.
नामशेष -- deceased, late, onewho has survived only throughname.
नामहीन -- nameless, unnamed.
नाम आसमान पर होना -- to be very famous, to be held in high esteem.
नाम उछलना -- to become a byword(amongst people); to be disgraced.
नाम उछालना -- to bandy one's nameabout; to bring disgrace upon.
नाम उजागर करना -- to bring name/creditto; (ironically) to tarnish the reputation of.
नाम उठ जाना -- even thememory to be lost, to have nosurvivor whosoever.
नाम कटना -- one'sname to be struck off (the rolls).
नाम कमाना -- to set the world on fire, to earn a name, to acquire renown.
नाम करना -- to earn a name, tobecome famous.
नाम का -- only inname; nominal.
नाम , (किसी के) -- addressedto (somebody), meant for; in favourof (somebody); debited to the nameof, recorded in the name of.
नाम काडंका पिटना/नाम की धूम मचना -- to becomeknown far and wide, to be heldin high esteem all over; to become a byword.
नाम का भूखा -- yearningfor fame/renown.
नाम की माला जपना -- to remember every moment, tohave somebody in one's thoughtsall the time.
नाम के लिए -- for the sakeof name, without any practicaluse or meaning, nominal.
नाम को -- see नाम के लिए.
नाम को/पर थूकना -- to spitat/on; to treat with ignonimity.
  • नामक nā:māk — (a) named, bearing the name (of).
  • नामतः nā:mtah — (ind) by name.
  • नामन nā:mān — (nm) nomination, naming.
  • नामां/कन nā:māṅkān — (nm) nomination; inscription of name.
नामांकित -- nominated, the name inscribed on.
  • नामांतर nā:mā:ntar — (nm) alias, another name.
  • नामा nā:mā: — नामा an adjectival suffix meaning named or bearing aname (as ख्यातनामा); used as asuffix to mean a book (as शाहनामा), document or deed (as हलफ़नामा), set (as सवालनामा—questionnaire); see नाँवाँ.
नामानिगार -- a correspondent.
नामाबर -- a letter-bearer; messenger.
  • नामावली nā:mā:vali: — (nf) a nominal roll; list of names; nomenclature.
  • नामिका nā:mīka: — (nf) a panel (of names).
  • नामित nā:mit — (a) named; nominated.
  • नामी nā:mī: — (a) famous, reputed, renowned, eminent; named, bearing the name (of).
नामी-गिरामी -- famous, reputed, eminent.
  • नामोनिशान na:mōnishā:n — (nm) trace, vestige.
नामोनिशान बाकी न रहना -- to have notrace left, to be completely annihilated/devastated, to be erased out of existence/memory.
  • नाम्ना na:mnā: — (ind) through/by name (as नाम्ना परिचय होना to knowby name).
  • नायक na:yak — (nm) a hero; leader, chief; a military official of a lowrank.
नायकत्व -- leadership; hegemony.
  • नाय/ब na:yab — (a) deputy; (nm) a deputy, an assistant.
नायबी -- theoffice or job of a नायब.
  • नायाब na:ya b — (a) see ना (नायाबयाब).
  • नायिका na:yika: — (nf) a heroine; procuress.
नायिका-भेद -- in Indian Poetics, the study of the different categoriesand sub-categories of heroines/female characters.
  • नारंगी na:rāṅgi: — (nf) an orange.
  • नारकीय na:rki:y — (a) hellish, infernal; of or befitting the hell; hence नारकीयता(nf).
  • नारद na:rad — (nm) a celestial sage in Indian mythology (who causedinternecine quarrels amongst thevarious gods and goddesses bytale-bearing); one who causesquarrels amongst people; also नारदजी/नारदमुनि.
नारदी कला/विद्या -- the art ofcausing quarrels by tale-bearing.
  • ना/रा na:ra: — (nm) a slogan.
नारेबाज़ -- a slogan-monger.
नारेबाज़ी -- slogan-mongering.
  • नारा/ज़ na:ra:z — (a) angry, enraged; displeased.
नाराज़गी/नाराज़ी -- anger, rage; displeasure.
  • नारायण na:ra:yāṉ — (nm) God, Lord Vishṉu.
  • नारिकेल na:rikel — (nm) the cocoanut tree and its fruit.
  • नारियल na:riyal — (nm) see नारिकेल.
  • नारी na:ri: — (nf) a woman; (a) female.
नारी-उपासना -- geneolatory.
नारी द्वेष -- misogymy.
  • नाल na:l — (nm) a shaft; peduncle, stalk (as of a lotus); a horse-shoe; heavy stone-ring used in weight-lifting exercise; barrel; tube; awoodpipe used for administeringmedicine etc. to the cattle; blow-pipe; the navel string; the gullet; a weaver's spindle; (nf) commission realised by a gambling den-owner from the gambling party.
नालकटाई -- process or act of cutting ofthe navel-string (of a new-born) orthe remuneration therefor.
नाल गड़ी होना, (कहीं पर) -- to be as dear as themotherland, to have immenseliking for.
नालबंद -- a farrier.
नालबंदी -- the profession of a farrier; thework of fixing horse-shoes.
  • नाला na:la: — (nm) a rivulet; water-course, culvert; big drain, gutter.
  • नालाय/क़ na:la:yaq — (a) unworthy, worthless; unfit; incompetent.
नालायक़ी -- unworthiness, worthlessness, unfitness; incompetence.
  • नालिका na:lika: — (nf) a flume; small tube.
  • नालिश na:lish — (nf) a lawsuit; suit; plaint.
नालिश करना/ठोकना/दागना -- to filea law-suit, to lodge a complaint(in a court of law).
  • नाली na:li: — (nf) a drain, drain-pipe; sewer, scupper.
नाली का कीड़ा -- mostcontemptible/despicable creature.
  • नाव na:v — (nf) a boat, ferry.
नाव घाट -- a ferry, wharf.
नाव डूबना -- one's boatto sink.
नाव पार लगाना -- to enable/cause to cross over.
नाव मँझधार मेंहोना -- to be in mid-stream.
  • नावक na:vak — (nm) a sailor, boatman; deadly small arrow.
  • नावाधिकरण nā:va:dhi:karāṉ — (nm) admiralty.
  • नाविक na:vik — (nm) a sailor, seaman, boatman.
  • नाश nā:sh — (nm) destruction, ruination, devastation; waste.
नाशक/कारी -- destructive, devastating; killing; wasteful.
नाशवाद -- nihilism.
नाशवादी -- anihilist; nihilistic.
नाशवान/शील -- perishable, destructible; ephemeral, transitory; also नाश्य.
नाश करना -- to destroy; to spoil, to ruin.
  • नाशपाती nā:shpa:ti: — (nf) a pear, pyris.
  • नाशी na:shi: — —used as a suffix to mean he who or that which causesannihilation/devastation/ruin (as सत्यानाशी, सर्वनाशी).
  • नाश्ता nā:shta: — (nm) breakfast; light refreshment.
नाश्ता पानी -- breakfast, light refreshment.
  • नास nā:s — (nm) snuff.
नासदानी -- a snuff-box.
  • नासम/झ nā.samajh — (a) unintelligent, dull of understanding; stupid; also नासमझदार.
नासमझदारी/नासमझी -- lack ofintelligence; stupidity.
  • नासा nā:sa: — (nf) the nose.
नासापुट -- a nostril.
नासारंध्र -- nares.
  • नासिका nā:sika: — (nf) the nose.
नासिका विवर -- nasal cavity.
  • नासिक्य nā:sikky — (a) nasal.
  • नासूर nā:su:r — (nm) sinus.
नासूर होना -- to have a perpetual painful ailment.
  • नास्तिक nā:stik — (nm) an atheist, unbeliever.
नास्तिकता -- atheism, disbelief(in the existence of God).
नास्तिक दर्शन -- atheistic philosophy.
  • नास्ति/वाद nā:stiva:d — (nm) cynicism; atheism.
नास्तिवादी -- a cynicist; atheist.
  • नाहक़ nā:haq — (adv) in vain, for nothing, to no purpose; withoutrhyme or reason.
  • नाहर na:har — (nm) a lion.
नाहर नर -- a lion-like man.
  • नाहरू na:hru: — (nm) the Guinca-worm—Filaria medinesis.
  • निंदक nīndak — (nm) one who speaks ill (of somebody); a blamer, slanderer, censurer, calumniator.
  • निंदनीय nīndanī:y — (a) condemnable; blamable, reprehensible, deservingor liable to reproof or blame.
  • निंदा nīnda: — (nf) ill-speaking, censure, condemnation.
निंदा प्रस्ताव -- censure motion.
निंदा स्तुति -- censure and praise, speaking ill or well (of somebody).
  • निंदासा nīda:sa: — (a) sleepy, drowsy.
  • निंदित nīndit — (a) spoken ill of; condemned, censured; blamed.
  • निंद्य nīndy — (a) see निंदनीय.
  • निंब nīmb — (nm) see नीम.
  • निः nih — a Sanskrit prefix meaning out, away from, free from, without, destitute of or imparting thesense of a strengthening particle(i.e. thoroughly, entirely, etc.).
  • निःश्रेयस nishshreyas — (nm) the summun bonum, highest good.
  • निःश्वसन nishshvasān — (nm) (the act or process of) expiration, breathing out.
  • निःश्वास nishshva:s — (nm) expiration, breathing out.
  • निःस्पंद nisspānd — (a) still, motionless; hence निःस्पंदता (nf).
  • निःस्पृह nissprih — (a) selfless, having no selfish motives; content(ed); hence निःस्पृहता (nf).
  • निःस्राव nishsra:v — (nm) outflow, oozing out.
  • निःस्वार्थ nissva:rth — (a) unselfish, selfless.
निःस्वार्थता -- unselfishness, selflessness.
  • नि ni — a Sanskrit prefix either to verbs or to nouns meaning down, back, in, into, within and alsonegation and privation (e.g. निचय, निनाद, निधन, etc.).
  • निआमत nīa:māt — (nf) see नियामत.
  • निकट nikaṭ — (adv and a) near, close, proximate.
निकटदृष्टि -- myopia, shortsight.
निकटदृष्टिमत्ता -- short-sightedness.
निकटपूर्व -- near East.
निकटवर्ती -- adjacent; near, close, proximal.
निकट-संबंध -- closerelation/relationship.
निकट-संबंधी -- nearrelation.
निकटस्थ -- close, near, proximal.
निकटस्थ अवयव -- immediate constituent; hence निकटस्थता (nf).
  • निकटता nikaṭta: — (nf) proximity, closeness, nearness.
  • निकम्मा nikāmmā: — (a) inert, idle, indolent; without employment; worthless, useless, good for nothing.
निकम्मापन -- inertness, idleness, indolence; worthlessness, uselessness.
  • निकर nikar — (nm) heap, pile, bundle; multitude, flock; shorts half-pants.
  • निकल nikal — (nf) nickel.
निकल चढ़ाना -- to plate with nickel.
  • निकलना nikalnā: — (v) to come/get out; to emerge; to rise (as सूरज); to ooze out; to proceed; to emanate; to appear; to be extracted, (as अर्क़); to be deduced (as निष्कर्ष); to be solved (as सवाल); to issue orbe issued (as हुक्म); to be published(as पत्रिका, किताब); to slink away.
निकल जाना -- to go away/out; to belost, to be wasted; to elope (with).
  • निकष nikash — (nm) a touchstone; criterion.
  • निकाई nika:i: — (nf) goodness, excellence; dragged work.
  • निकाय nika:y — (nm) a body; system.
  • निकालना nika:lnā: — (v) to take out; to bring out; to oust; to expel; toextract; to draw; to dismiss; todischarge; to issue; to deduce; tosolve; to publish.
  • निका/स nika:s — (nm) an outlet, exit, vent; source; origin; discharge; out-turn, yield.
निकासी -- clearance; out-turn; output, produce; transit-duty; income.
  • निकाह nika:h — (nm) marriage, marriage ceremony.
निकाहनामा -- marriage-agreement.
  • निकुंज nikūṇj — (nm) an arbour, a bower.
  • निकृष्ट nikrishṭ — (a) inferior, inferior-most; low, base, vile; hence निकृष्टता (nf).
  • निकेत, निकेतन niket, ~n — (nm) a house, residence; abode.
  • निक्षिप्त nikshipt — (a) thrown; deposited.
निक्षिप्त उपवाक्य -- parenthetical clause.
  • निक्षेप nikshep — (nm) throwing; depositing; deposit.
  • निखट्टू nikhaṭṭu: — (a and nm) indolent, idle; without employment, worthless; unearning; an idler, a drone:hence निखट्टूपन (nm).
  • निखरना nikharnā: — (v) to be cleansed/brightened up; to become clear/elegant/crystallised; to besettled/stabilised.
  • निखार nikha:r — (nm) brightness; lustre elegance.
निखार पर होना -- to have ever-growing lustre/brightness, to bebrightening up.
  • निखालिस nikha:lis — (a) pure; unadulterated.
  • निखिल nikhil — (a) all, whole, pan.
  • निगति nigati — (nf) anagnorisis, denouement.
  • निगम nigām — (nm) the Vedas or any portion thereof; a corporation.
  • निग/मन nigamān — (nm) deduction.
निगमित -- deduced; incorporated.
  • निगमागम nigamā:gām — (nm) the Vedas and other (Hindu) scriptures.
  • निगरानी nigra:nī: — (nf) supervision; guard, watch.
निगरानी करना -- to watch; to guard.
निगरानी रखना -- to keep a watch/a guard.
  • निगलना nigalnā: — (v) to swallow; to gulp.
  • निगह nigeh — (nf) see निगाह.
निगहबान -- a guard, watch.
निगहबानी -- guarding, watching.
  • निगाह niga:h — (nf) look, glance; sight, vision.
निगाह दौड़ाना -- to cast a hurriedglance, to see through hurriedly.
निगाह फिरना -- to have a change of attitude(from good to bad).
निगाह रखना -- tokeep an eye on, to keep a guard/watch.
निगाह से उतर जाना/गिर जाना -- tosuffer devaluation in the eyes of, to be lowered in one's esteem.
निगाह से चूकना -- to pass through oversight.
निगाहें चार होना -- to look into eachother's eyes, to exchange glances.
  • निगुरा nigura: — (a) without a mentor/preceptor; uninitiated.
  • निगूढ़ nigu:ṛḥ — (a) secret, latent, hidden.
  • निगूढ़ार्थ nigu:ṛḥa:rth — (a) having a secret meaning, obscure, abstruse; (nm) secret meaning.
  • निगेटिव nigeṭiv — (nm) a negative.
  • निगोड़ा nigoṛa: — (a) worthless; indolent, idle; an abusive term used by women for persons who are idleand indolent; (nm) an idler.
  • निग्रह niggrah — (nm) restraint; self-repression; subdual.
निग्रहवाद -- rigorism; hence निग्रहवादी (a, nm).
  • निग्रही niggrahi: — (a and nm) (one) who exercises restraint or self-repression.
  • निघंटु nighāṉṭu — (nm) a classical Sanskrit name for a glossary; aVedic lexicon.
  • निघटना nighaṭnā: — (v) to be exhausted; to be finished.
  • निचय nichay — (nm) accumulation, collection; a digest.
  • निचला nichla: — (a) lower; situated below, low-lying.
  • निचाई nicha:i: — (nf) lowness; depth, declivity, see नीचता.
  • निचोड़ nichoṛ — (nm) essence; gist, substance, sum and substance.
  • निचोड़ना nichoṛnā: — (v) to squeeze; to wring; to extract.
  • निचौहाँ nichāūhā: — (a) slightly low-lying; lowish; bent downwards.
  • निछावर nichha:var — (nf) see न्योछावर.
  • निज nij — (a) own, one's own.
निज करके -- particularly; personally.
निज का -- personal, one's own.
निजता/निजत्व -- characteristic, characteristic quality; personal element.
निजस्व -- (one's) due.
  • निज़ाम nizā:m — (nm) management, administration; order.
निज़ाम बदलना -- to.change the established order.
  • निजी niji: — (a) one's own, personal, individual; private; unofficial.
निजी तौर पर -- in a personal capacity, individually.
निजी उद्योग -- private industries.
निजी क्षेत्र -- private sector.
निजी सहायक -- personal assistant.
  • निठल्ला niṭḥalla: — (a) idle, indolent, lazy; lolling; without any employment; (nm) an idler.
निठल्लापन -- indolence, laziness; unemployment; lolling.
  • निठुर niṭḥur — (a) cruel, ruthless; obdurate.
निठुरता -- cruelty, ruthlessness; obduracy.
  • निठुराई niṭḥura:i: — (nf) see निठुर (निठुराईता).
  • निडर niḍar — (a) fearless, daring, dauntless; intrepid.
निडरता/निडरपन/निडरपना -- fearlessness, dauntlessness; intrepidness.
  • निढाल niḍḥa:l — (a) languid, wearied; spiritless, down and out.
  • नितंब nitāmb — (nm) buttocks, hips.
  • नितंबिनी nitāmbinī: — (nf) a woman having shapely hips.
  • नित nit — (adv) every day, daily.
नित नित -- day-by-day, every day.
  • नितांत nita:nt — (a) excessive; absolute; complete.
  • नित्य nitty — (a) excessive; eternal; essential; invarable; (adv) constantly; always; daily.
नित्य कर्म/कृत्य/क्रिया -- daily chores.
नित्यचर्या -- routine.
नित्य नियम -- eternal rule.
नित्य-नैमित्तिक -- regular and casual (chores).
नित्यप्रति -- every day; daily.
नित्य-भाव -- permanence; eternity; invariability.
  • नित्य/ता, नित्यत्व nittya/ta: — (nf) ~ttv (nm) permanence; eternity; invariability.
  • नित्यशः nittyshah — (adv) every day, daily; always.
  • निथार nitha:r — (nm) decantation.
  • निथारना nitha:rnā: — (v) to decant.
  • निदरना nidarnā: — (v) to insult; to humiliate; to neglect.
  • निदर्श/न nidarshān — (nm) illustration, exemplification; example, type; hence निदर्शक (nm).
  • निदान nidā:n — (nm) diagnosis; (adv) at last; consequently.
निदानगृह/निदानशाला -- a clinic.
निदानशास्त्र -- ltiology.
  • निदेश nidesh — (nm) direction; directive.
निदेशन -- direction.
  • निदेश/क nideshak — (nm) a director निदेशकीय directional.
  • निदेशात्मक nidesha:tmāk — (a) directive; directional.
  • निदेशालय nidesha:lay — (nm) a directorate.
  • निद्रा niddra: — (nf) sleep; slumber.
निद्रा देवी -- Somnus; goddess of sleep.
निद्रा की गोद में/शरण में जाना -- lit. to beconsigned to the care of Somnus(the goddess of sleep)—to go tosleep.
निद्रा रोग -- narcolepsy.
निद्राविज्ञान -- hypnology.
  • निद्राचा/र niddra:cha:r — (nm) somnambulism; sleep-walk, sleep-walking.
निद्राचारी -- a somnambulist; sleep-walker.
  • निद्रालस niddra:las — (a) slumberous, sleepy, overwhelmed by sleep; hence निद्रालसता (nf).
  • निद्रालु niddra:lu — (a) slumberous, somnolent.
निद्रालुता -- slumberousness, somnolence.
  • निधड़क nidhaṛak — (adv) unhesitatingly; fearlessly, boldly.
  • निधन nidhān — (nm) death, passing away.
निधनकारी -- fatal, killing.
  • निधान nidhā:n — (nm) abode, repository; substratum.
  • निधानी nidhā:nī: — (nf) a shelf.
  • निधि nidhi — (nf) a treasure; fund.
  • निनाद ninā:d — (nm) a sound; reverberation, humming, resonance.
  • निनादित nina:dit — (a) filled with sound, reverberated, resonant (with).
  • निन्यानबे ninnyā:nbe — (a) ninety-nine; (nm) the number ninety-nine.
निन्यानबे काचक्कर/फेर -- craze for augmentingone's wealth, keen concentrationon swelling one's savings; involvement in a predicament.
  • निपंग nipāṅg — (a) crippled, invalid; worthless.
  • निपट nipat — (adv) extremely absolutely; exceedingly.
निपट गँवार -- absolutely boorish/rustic.
  • निपटना nipaṭnā: — (v) to be settled; to be decided; to be finished; to bedisposed of; to be relieved; tosettle score with; to face; hence निपटाना.
निपट लेना -- to face themusic, to have it out.
  • निपटान nipṭā:n — (nm) disposal.
  • निपटारा nipṭa:ra: — (nm) disposal; settlement; reconciliation; conclusion, termination.
  • निपाठ nipa:ṭḥ — (nm) a recitation.
निपाठ करना -- to recite.
  • निपात nipa:t — (nm) a particle.
  • निपुण nipūṉ — (a) skilful, expert; dexterous; efficient.
निपुणता -- skill, expertise; dexterity; efficiency.
  • निपू/ता nipu:ta: — (a) childless, issueless; barren; hence निपूती (fem. form).
  • निबंध nibāndh — (nm) an essay.
निबंधकार/लेखक -- an essayist.
निबंध-संग्रह -- a collection of essays.
निबंधावली -- a series/collection of essays.
  • निब nib — (nf) a nib.
  • निबटना nibaṭnā: — (v) see निपटना; hence निबटाना.
  • निबटारा nibṭa:ra: — (nm) see निपटारा.
  • निबद्ध nibaddh — (a) tied; joined or fastened together; intertwined; composed.
  • निबल nibal — (a) weak, feeble; invalid; hence निबलता (nf).
निबल की लुगाई सब गाँवकी भौजाई -- a weakling's wife attractsall eyes.
  • निबाह niba:h — (nm) subsistence, sustenance; maintenance; accommodation; carrying on, pulling on; fulfilment (as of ज़िम्मेदारी).
  • निबाहना niba:hna: — (v) to subsist, to sustain; to accommodate; to maintain; to carry on; to pull on; toperform; to fulfil; to accomplish.
  • निबिड़ nibiṛ — (adv) impervious; dense, thick; hence निबिड़ता (nf).
निबिड़ वन -- a thick/dense forest.
  • निबौरी nibauri: — (nm) the fruit of the neem tree.
  • निभना nibhnā: — (v) to be carried on; to be pulled on; to be accommodated; to be accomplished; to pass; to subsist, to sustain.
  • निभाना nibha:nā: — (v) to carry on; to pull on, to accommodate; to fulfil; to accomplish; to perform; maintain.
  • निभाव nibha:v — (nm) see निबाह.
  • निभृत nibhrit — (a) lonely, solitary, secret.
  • निमंत्रण nimāntrāṉ — (nm) an invitation.
निमंत्रण-पत्र -- (a letter of) invitation; invitation card.
  • निमंत्रित nimāntrit — (v) invited.
  • निमग्न nimagn — (a) sunken; submerged; absorbed; engrossed; hence निमग्नता (nf).
  • निम/ज्जन nimajjān — (nm) a dip; submersion; immersion.
निमज्जित -- submerged, immersed; sunken.
  • निमटना nimaṭnā: — (v) see निपटना; hence निमटाना.
  • निमित्त nimitt — (nm) a cause, reason; factor; purpose, motive; (ind) for the sake of, on account of.
निमित्त कारण -- instrumental/efficient cause.
निमित्त मात्र -- only an instrument, only instrumental.
  • निमिष nimish — (nm) twinkling of an eye, blink, nictitation, time takenin the twinkling of an eye.
निमिष मात्र में -- in the twinkling of any eye, in notime.
  • निमीलन nimi:lān — (nm) closing/twinkling of any eye.
  • निमीलित nimi:lit — (a) closed (eyes), shut.
  • निमेष nimesh — (nm) see निमिष.
  • निमोनिया nimōniyā: — (nm) pneumonia.
  • निम्न nimn — (a) low; mean; depressed; sunken; following, given below.
निम्नतम -- lowest, lowermost; minimum.
निम्नतर -- lower.
निम्नता -- lowness.
निम्नलिखित -- undermentioned, the following, mentioned below.
निम्नस्थ -- low-lying, situated/located below.
  • निम्नांकित nimnā:ṅkit — (a) the following, under-mentioned, mentioned below.
  • निम्नोक्त nimnokt — (a) cited below, as (stated) hereunder.
  • नियंता niyānta: — (nm) a controller; ruler.
  • नियंत्रक्र niyāntrak — (nm) a controller.
  • नियंत्रण niyāntrāṉ — (nm) control; restraint.
नियंत्रणकर्ता -- controller.
  • नियंत्रित niyāntrit — (a) controlled; restrained.
  • नियत niyat — (a) fixed; given, prescribed; decided; allotted; constant, invariable, unchanging.
नियतत्ववाद -- determinism.
  • नियतन niyatan — (nm) allotment, fixation.
  • नियताप्ति niyata:pti — (nf) (in a drama) anagnorisis, denouement.
  • नियति niyati — (nf) destiny, fate; luck.
नियतिवाद -- fatalism determination.
नियतिवादी -- fatalist(ic), determinist(ic).
नियति का खेल -- vicissitudes ofdestiny, wonders wrought bydestiny.
नियति नटी -- the reigning queenof destiny.
  • नियम niyām — (nm) a rule, canon; law; principle.
नियमतः -- as a matter ofrule/law.
नियमनिष्ठ -- an adherent torule/law, a rule-abiding person.
नियमनिष्ठता/निष्ठा -- adherence to rules; formalism.
नियमबद्ध -- bound by rule(s); regulated; hence नियमबद्धता (nf).
नियम-विरुद्ध -- contrary to rule, unfair; violating a law.
नियम-विरोध -- defiance/breach of law.
नियम-विरीधी -- againstthe law; a law defier/breaker नियम भंग करना to violate/defy a rule.
  • नियमन niyamān — (nm) regulation.
  • नियमानुकूल niyamā:nuku:l — (a) conforming to or in accordance with a rule, regular.
नियमानुकूलता -- conformation to rule.
नियमानुकूलन -- regularisation.
  • नियमानुसार niyamā:nusa:r — (adv) according to rule/law.
  • नियमावली niyamā:vali: — (nf) rules, rules and regulations.
  • नियमित niyamit — (a) regular; regulated; regularised.
नियमितता -- regularity.
नियमित करना -- to regularise; to regulate.
  • नियाज़ niya:z — (nm) supplication; desire; acquaintance; favour; īnclination.
नियाज़ हासिल करना -- to acquirethe favour of; to attain one'sdesire.
  • निया/मक niya:māk — (nm) a regulator; controller; (a) regulative; hence नियामिका (nf).
  • नियामत niya:māt — (nf) a rare gift; divine blessing.
  • नियुक्त niyukt — (a) appointed; employed; posted.
  • नियुक्ति niyukti — (nf) appointment; employment; posting.
  • नियोक्ता niyokta: — (nm) one who appoints, an appointing authority; employer.
  • नियोग niyog — (nm) an ancient Aryan practice according to which achildless widow or woman waspermitted to have sexual intercourse with a person other thanher husband to beget a child.
  • नियोजक niyojak — (nm) an employer; one who appoints; appointingauthority.
  • नियोजन niyojān — (nm) employment; appointment.
  • नियोजित niyojit — (a) employed; appointed.
  • निरंक nirāṅk — (a) blank; unmarked.
निरंक चैक -- a blank cheque.
  • निरंकुश nirāṅkush — (a) despotic; uncontrolled, unrestrained; absolute; unruly.
निरंकुशता -- despotism; absolutism.
निरंकुश शासक -- a tyrant, despot.
निरंकुश शासन -- tyranny, despotic rule.
  • निरंजन nirāṇjan — (nm) God (who is beyond the spell of माया or therange of worldly flaws anddefects), The Transcendental.
  • निरंतर nirāntar — (a) continuous; uninterrupted, incessant, non-stop; perpetual; (adv) continuously; uninterruptedly, incessantly.
निरंतरता -- continuity; non-interruption.
  • निरंध nirāndh — (a) absolutely blind; hence निरंधता (nf).
  • निरक्षर nirakshar — (a) illiterate, unlettered, uneducated; ignorant, foolish.
निरक्षरता -- illiteracy, the stateor position of being unlettered.
निरक्षर भट्टाचार्य -- an absolutely illiteratefellow, unlettered person.
  • निरख/ना nirakhnā: — (v) to see, to look, to view; to inspect.
निरख-परख -- judgment, close examination; hence निरखना निरख-परखना (v).
  • निरगुन nirgun — (a) see निर्गुण.
  • निरगुनिया nirguniyā: — (nm) one who follows the निर्गुण पंथ; (a) see निरगुनी.
  • निरगुनी nirgunī: — (a) appreciating or recognizing no merits; ungrateful.
  • निर/त nirat — (a) engaged; absorbed, engrossed; hence निरति (nf).
  • निरनुनासिक niranunā:sik — (a) non-nasal, not pronounced with a nasal touch; hence निरनुनासिकता (nf).
  • निरनुमोदन niranūmodan — (nm) disapproval.
  • निरन्न nirann — (a) without (having taken any) food; devoid of/without cereals; (adv) fasting, withouttaking any food or cereals.
  • निरपरा/ध, निरपराधी nirapara:dh, ~dhi: — (a) innocent; guiltless, faultless.
  • निरपवाद nirapva:d — (a) without (any) exception, with no exception.
  • निरपेक्ष nirapeksh — (a) absolute; indifferent; without expectation, unconcerned.
निरपेक्ष आदर्शवाद -- absoluteidealism.
निरपेक्ष आर्द्रता -- absolute humidity.
निरपेक्ष इकाई/एकक -- absolute unit.
निरपेक्ष गुट -- non-aligned.
निरपेक्ष घनत्व -- absolutedensity.
निरपेक्ष दीप्ति -- absolute brilliance.
निरपेक्ष मात्रक-पद्धति -- absolute system ofunits.
निरपेक्ष विचलन -- absolute deviation.
निरपेक्ष शासक -- an absolute ruler.
निरपेक्ष सत्य -- absolute truth.
निरपेक्ष सममिति -- absolutesymmetry.
निरपेक्ष हस्तांतरण -- absoluteconveyance/handing over.
  • निरपेक्षता nirpekshata: — (nf) absoluteness; the state of being unconcerned.
निरपेक्षता-, गुट -- non-alignment.
निरपेक्षतावाद -- absolutism.
निरपेक्षतावादी -- absolutist; hence निरपेक्षित (a).
  • निरबं/स nirbān/s — निरबंसी {si:} (a) issueless, childless; having noprogeny.
  • निरभिमा/न, निरभिमानी nirabhimā:n, ~nī: — (a) prideless, not proud; humble.
  • निरभिलाष nirabhila:sh — (a) undesjrous, having no wish or desire; detached.
  • निरभ्र nirabbhr — (a) cloudless; clear (sky); hence निरभ्रता (nf).
  • निरमोही nirmohi: — (a) see निर्मोही.
  • निरर्थक nirarthak — (a) meaningless; vain; useless, fruitless, pointless; insignificant, worthless; empty; futile.
निरर्थकता -- meaninglessness; fruitlessness, uselessness, worthlessness; insignificance; futility.
निरर्थक पुनरुक्ति -- palilogy.
  • निरवकाश niravka:sh — (a) without time/holiday/scope/recess/space.
  • निरवधि niravadhi — (a) endless, limitless; timeless; continuous, immense.
  • निरवयव niravyav — (a) limbless, without limbs or parts; shapeless; inorganic.
  • निरवलंब niravlāmb — (a) without prop or support, helpless.
निरवलंबता -- helplessness.
  • निरसन nirasān — (nm) cancellation; repealing, throwing away.
  • निरस्त nirast — (a) cancelled; repealed; thrown away.
  • निरस्त्र nirastr — (a) unarmed; disarmed.
  • निरस्त्री/करण nirastri:karān — (nm) disarmament.
निरस्त्रीकरण-सम्मेलन -- disarmament conference.
निरस्त्रीकृत -- disarmed.
  • निरहंकार nirahāṅka:r — (a) prideless, free from egotism/vanity/conceit.
  • निरा nira: — (a) pure; absolute; entire, complete; mere; much; (adv) entirely, completely; merely; very much.
  • निराई nira:i: — (nf) weeding, work of or wages paid for weeding.
  • निराकर/ण nira:karāṉ — (nm) abrogation, annulment, removal, act or process of dispelling (as of भ्रम/भय).
निराकरणीय -- abrogable; worthbeing annulled.
  • निराकार nira:ka:r — (a) shapeless, formless; incorporeal; (nm) TheFormless (God).
  • निराकुल nira:kul — (a) unperturbed, undeterred; calm, quiet.
  • निराकृत nira:kkrit — (a) abrogated; annulled; removed; dispelled.
  • निराकृति nira:kkriti — (nf) abrogation; annulment; removal; dispelling.
  • निरा/दर nira:dar — (nm) disrespect, disgrace, dishonour, insult.
निरादृत -- insulted, dishonoured, humiliated.
  • निराधार nira:dha:r — (a) baseless; groundless, unfounded; withoutprop or support; false; hollow.
  • निराना nira:nā: — (v) to weed.
  • निरापद nira:pad — (a) secure, safe; protected; without trouble.
निरापदता -- security, safety.
निरापदवाद -- tutiorism.
  • निरामिष nira:mish — (a) vegetarian.
निरामिष भोजन -- vegetarian food.
निरामिषभोजी -- a vegetarian.
  • निरायुध nira:yudh — (a) armless; unarmed; defenceless.
  • निरालंब nirā:lamb — (a) destitute, having no shelter/support; helpless.
  • निराला nira:la: — (a) unique, peculiar; uncommon; strange.
निरालापन -- uniqueness, peculiarity.
  • निरावरण nira:varāṉ — (a) uncovered, without covering; open, exposed.
  • निरावृत nira:vvrit — (a) uncovered; open, exposed.
  • निराश nira:sh — (a) frustrated, disappointed, desperate, disheartened; despaired, dejected, hopeless.
  • निराशा nira:sha: — (nf) frustration; despair, disappointment; dejection, despondency; hopelessness; pessimism.
निराशावाद/निराशावादिता -- pessimism.
निराशावादी -- a pessimist; pessimistic.
  • निराश्रय nira:shshray — (a) destitute, shelterless, forlorn, helpless; hence निराश्रयता (nf).
  • निराहार nira:ha:r — (a and adv) without food; fasting.
  • निरीक्षक niri:kshak — (nm) an inspector; invigilator.
  • निरीक्षण niri:kshān — (nm) inspection; invigilation.
  • निरीक्षित niri:kshit — (a) inspected; invigilated.
  • निरीश्वरवा/द niri:shshvarva:d — (nm) atheism.
निरीश्वरवादी -- an atheist; atheistic.
  • निरीह niri:h — (a) innocent; harmless; simple; desiring nothing.
निरीहता -- innocence; harmlessness; simplicity; the state of having nodesire.
  • निरुक्ति nirukti — (nf) etymology; etymology or exposition of Vedicwords, etymological explanationor exposition (of words).
  • निरुत्तर niruttar — (a) silenced, rendered wordless; unable to answer back; hence निरुत्तरता (nf).
  • निरुत्सा/ह nirutsa:h — (a) spiritless; devoid of enthusiasm.
निरुत्साहित -- disheartened, discouraged; demoralised.
  • निरुद्देश्य niruddeshy — (a and adv) aimless(ly), without purpose.
  • निरुद्यमी niruddyamī: — (a) non-industrious; inert, dull; lazy.
  • निरुप/म nirupām — (a) unequalled, unparalleled; peerless, matchless.
  • निरुपाधि nirupa:dhi — (a) categorical; unconditional; without an attribute.
  • निरुपाय nirupa:y — (a) helpless; resourceless; hence निरुपायता (nf).
  • निरूढ़ niru:ṛḥ — (a) stylised; fixed by usage; current.
  • निरूपक niru:pak — (a and nm) representing; one who or that which explains/demonstrates/characterises/portrays/determines.
  • निरूपण niru:pāṉ — (nm) representation; portrayal; characterisation; explanation; demonstration.
  • निरूपित niru:pit — (a) represented; portrayed; characterised; explained; demonstrated.
  • निरो/ग, निरोगी niro/g, ~gi: — (a) free from disease, healthy; in soundhealth.
  • निरोध nirodh — (nm) restraint, control; obstruction; restriction; detention; hence निरोधक (a).
  • निर्ख़ nirḳḥ — (nm) rate; quotation.
  • निर्गंध nirgāndh — (a) odourless; without any smell.
  • निर्गम nirgām — (nm) outlet, exit, egress.
निर्गमन -- exit, egression; departure.
निर्गमन मार्ग -- exit; egress.
  • निर्गुण nirgūn — (a) without attributes or qualities, without सत, रज and तम गुणs; an epithet of God who.
  • निर्गुणिया nirgūṉiyā: — (a) believing in the निर्गुण ब्रह्म; see निरगुनिया(nm); a devotee of the निर्गुण ब्रह्म.
  • निर्जन nirjān — (a) lonely, solitary; desolate, deserted; uninhabited.
निर्जनता -- loneliness, desolation; thestate of being deserted or uninhabited.
  • निर्जर nirjar — (a) ever-young, blessed with perennial youth.
  • निर्ज/ल nirjal — (a) anhydrous; without water; dry.
निर्जलीय -- non-aqueous.
निर्जल व्रत -- a fast wherein taking of even water is forbidden.
  • निर्जला nirjala: — (a) see निर्जल.
निर्जला एकादशी -- the eleventh day of the bright fortnight of the month of ज्येष्ठon which day Hindus, especiallywomen, observe complete fast anddo not take even water.
  • निर्जीव nirji:v — (a) lifeless; inanimate; dead; spiritless; insipid; inorganic; hence निर्जीवता (nf).
  • निर्झ/र nirjhar — (nm) a fall, cataract, spring, stream, torrent.
निर्झरिणी -- astream, rivutet.
निर्झरी -- see निर्झरिणी.
  • निर्णय nirṉay — (nm) a judgment, decision, conclusion.
निर्णयकर्ता -- ajudge, referee, umpire.
  • निर्णयात्मक nirṉaya:tmak — (a) decisive, conclusive.
  • निर्णायक nirṉā:yak — (nm) a judge, referee, umpire; (a) decisive/deciding; concluding.
  • निर्णीत nirṉī:t — (a) judged; decided; concluded.
  • निर्णेता nirṉēta: — (nm) a judge; referee.
  • निर्दय nirday — (a) ruthless, merciless, cruel, heartless (person or act).
निर्दयता -- ruthlessness.
निर्दयता से -- mercilessly, ruthlessly.
  • निर्दयी nirdai: — (a and nm) ruthless, cruel, heartless (person).
  • निर्दल nirdal — (a) without leaves; non-party, independent.
  • निर्दलन nirdalān — (nm) annihilation; ruination, destruction, devastation.
  • निर्दलीय nirdali:y — (a) non-party; independent.
  • निर्दि/ष्ट nirdishṭ — (a) specified, explicit, expressed; directed; referred (to), pointed out, mentioned, alluded; hence निर्दिष्टता (nf).
निर्दिष्टि -- specification.
  • निर्दे/श nirdesh — (nm) specification; mention; reference; direction.
निर्देशन -- director, directing.
निर्देशन -- direction, guidance.
निर्देशांक -- coordinates.
  • निर्दोष nirdosh — (a) faultless, flawless; guiltless; inculpable; innocent.
  • निर्दो/षी nirdoshi: — (a) see निर्दोष.
निर्दोषिता -- innocence, faultlessness, flawlessness.
  • निर्द्वंद्व nirdvāndv — (a) carefree, without any inner conflict; hence निर्द्वंद्वता (nf).
  • निर्धन nirdhān — (a) poor; moneyless, indigent, impoverished; destitute.
निर्धनता -- poverty; indigence; destitution.
  • निर्धा/रण nirdha:rāṉ — (nm) fixation; determining; laying down, prescribing; assessment.
निर्धारणीय -- fixable, which can be assessed/determined.
निर्धारित -- fixed; prescribed; determined.
निर्धारित करना -- to assess; tofix; to prescribe; to determine.
निर्धार्य -- see निर्धारणीय.
  • निर्निमेष nirnimēsh — (a and adv) unwinking; with fixed look.
  • निर्नेतिक nirnāitik — (a) amoral.
निर्नेतिकता -- amorality.
  • निर्बंध nirbāndh — (a) free, without binding/restriction; uninhibited; unbound; hence निर्बंधता (nf).
  • निर्बल nirbal — (a) weak, feeble; powerless; frail, fragile.
निर्बलता -- weakness; feebleness; powerlessness; frailty, fragility.
निर्बल के बल राम -- God helps those who have noneto help.
  • निर्बाध nirba:dh — (a) free; smooth; without binding/restriction; unobstructed.
निर्बाधता -- freedom; smoothness; absence of restriction/obstruction.
निर्बाध रूप से -- without anyobstruction/hindrance/restriction/binding.
  • निर्बीजित nirbi:jit — (a) sterilised; rendered unproductive/barren.
  • निर्बुद्धि nirbuddhi — (a) stupid, foolish; blockheaded.
  • निर्भय nirbhay — (a) fearless, dauntless, undaunted; daring.
निर्भयता -- fearlessness, dauntlessness.
  • निर्भर nirbhar — (a) dependent; based (on); subject or subordinate (to), depending (on), relying (on).
निर्भरता -- dependence; subjection/subordination; reliance.
निर्भर होना -- to depend, to be dependent; to rely; to base; to be subject or subordinate (to).
  • निर्भीक nirbhi:k — (a) fearless, dauntless, undaunted.
निर्भीकता -- fearlessness, dauntlessness.
  • निर्भ्रम nirbhrām — (a) having no doubt/illusion; unambiguous, cate:gorical, unequivocal.
  • निर्भ्रांत nirbhra:nt — (a) see निर्भ्रम.
  • निर्मम nirmām — (a) cruel, heartless, ruthless; dry; unfeeling.
निर्ममता -- cruelty, heartlessness, ruthlessness.
  • निर्मल nirmal — (a) clean; clear; pure; unsullied, spotless, stainless.
निर्मलता -- cleanness; clearness; purity; stainlessness.
  • निर्मा/ण nirmā:ṉ — (nm) construction; creation; manufacture.
निर्माण-कार्य -- construction work.
निर्माण-विद्या -- architecture.
निर्माणशाला -- a workshop, factory.
निर्माणात्मक -- formative; constructive; manufacturing.
निर्माणावस्था -- formative/constructive stage.
  • निर्माणाधीन nirmā:ṉā:dhi:n — (a) under construction.
  • निर्माणी nirma:ṉī: — (nf) a factory, manufacturing unit.
  • निर्माता nirmā:ta: — (nm) a constructor, producer (as of a film etc.); builder; creator.
  • निर्मि/त nirmit — (a) constructed, built; produced; created.
निर्मिति -- structure, construction; creation.
  • निर्मुक्ति nirmukti — (nf) absolution; freedom, acquittal.
  • निर्मूल nirmu:l — (a) baseless, groundless, unfounded, rootless; perfectly uprooted/destroyed/ruined; hence निर्मूलता (nf).
  • निर्मोक nirmok — (nm) moult, slough (of a snake); the upper surface of the skin.
  • निर्मोह nirmoh — (a) disillusioned; unattached; callous.
  • निर्मोही nirmohi: — (a) see निर्मोह; heartless, stone-hearted, havingno affection and attachment.
  • निर्यात nirya:t — (nm) export.
निर्यात-कर/शुल्क -- export duty.
निर्यात-व्यापार -- export trade.
  • निर्योग्य niryogy — (a) disabled.
निर्योग्यता -- disability.
  • निर्लज्ज nirlajj — (a) shameless, lost to shame, brazen-faced; impudent, immodest.
निर्लज्जता -- shamelessness; immodesty; impudence, effrontery.
  • निर्लिप्त nirlipt — (a) detached; uninvolved; indifferent; hence निर्लिप्तता (nf).
  • निर्लेप nirlep — (a) see निर्लिप्त.
  • निर्लोभ nirlobh — (a) not greedy, unavaricious; (nm) loss of greediness.
  • निर्वंश nirvānsh — (a) non-proligerous, having no progeny/lineage, withno filial continuity.
  • निर्वच/न nirvachān — (nm) interpretation.
  • निर्वनीकरण nirvanī:karāṉ — (nm) deforestation.
  • निर्वस/न nirvasan — (a) nude, naked; with no clothes on; uncovered; hence निर्वसना—fem. form.
  • निर्वहण nirvahāṉ — (nm) see निर्वाह; discharge; the catastrophe (in a drama).
  • निर्वाचक nirva:chak — (nm) an elector.
निर्वाचक-गण/मंडल/समूह -- electorate.
निर्वाचक-नामावली/सूची -- electoral roll.
  • निर्वाचन nirva:chān — (nm) election.
निर्वाचन-क्षेत्र -- constituency.
  • निर्वाचित nirva:chit — (a) elected.
  • निर्वाण nirvā:ṉ — (nm) salvation, liberation (from existence; used in Buddhist Philosophy as a technical term); extinction.
निर्वाण प्राप्त करना -- to achieve salvation.
  • निर्वात nirva:t — (nm) vacuum; (a) devoid of air, airless.
  • निर्वाप ण nirva:p āṉ — (nm) extinction, extinguishing.
  • निर्वा/सन nirva:san — (nm) expulsion; exile, expatriation, banishment.
निर्वासित -- expelled; exiled, expatriated, banished.
  • निर्वाह nirva:h — (nm) maintenance, subsistence; sustenance; accomplishment, adjustment.
निर्वाह-भत्ता -- maintenance allowance.
  • निर्विकल्प nirvikalp — (a) resolute, unwavering, concentrated, having no alternative.
  • निर्विकार nirvika:r — (a) immutable, invariable; passionless; hence निर्विकारता (nf).
  • निर्विघ्न nirvighn — (a) uninterrupted, unobstructed; smooth; (adv) freely, unobstructedly; smoothly.
  • निर्विरोध nirvirodh — (a and adv) unanimous(ly); unopposed, uncontested.
  • निर्विवाद nirviva:d — (a) incontrovertible; indisputable, irrefutable.
  • निर्विशेष nirvishesh — (a) without distinction, having no attributes; invariable; (nm) the Transcendental Reality.
  • निर्वीर्य nirvi:ry — (a) impotent; unmanly; vigourless; spiritless; (nm) a weakling.
  • निर्वेग nirveg — (a) with no dash/passion; calm, quiet.
  • निर्वेद nirved — (nm) disregard of worldly objects, resignation.
  • निर्व्याज nirvya:j — (a) honest, sincere; genuine; hence निर्व्याजता (nf).
  • निर्व्याधि nirvya:dhi — (a) free from maladies; healthy.
  • निलय nilay — (nm) abode, habitat; dwelling (place), nacelle.
  • निवल nival — (a) net.
निवल लाभ -- net gain.
निवल हानि -- net loss.
  • निवार ड़ niva:rṛ — (nf) wide and compact cotton tape used for a bedstead.
  • निवारक niva:rak — (a) preventive; preclusive; deterrent.
  • निवा/रण niva:rān — (nm) prevention, preclusion; redress; deterrence, determent.
निवार्य -- preventible, fit tobe precluded; also निवारणीय (a).
  • निवाला niva:la: — (nm) a morsel.
  • निवास niva:s — (nm) residence, abode, habitation, lodging, dwelling.
निवास-स्थल -- quarter, habitat.
निवास-स्थान -- house, residence.
  • निवासी niva:si: — (a) inhabitant; resident; inmate; native.
  • निविड़ niviṛ — (a) thick, dense; impervious.
निविड़ता -- thickness, density; imperviousness.
  • निविदा nivida: — (nm) a tender.
निविदा-सूचना -- tender notice.
  • निविष्ट nivishṭ — (a) concentrated; penetrated.
  • निवृत्त nivritt — (a) disencumbered; retired; freed; liberated; unoccupied; finished, completed, terminated.
  • निवृत्ति nivritti — (nf) disencumberance, retirement; resignation (from mundane activity); freedom, liberation; absence of occupation; completion, finishing, termination.
  • निवेदक nivedak — (nm) supplicant, applicant; one who makes a request/submission.
  • निवेदन nivedān — (nm) supplication; request; submission; application.
निवेदन करना -- to submit, to make anhumble submission; hence निवेदित( a).
  • निवेरना nivernā: — (v) to settle; to thrash out.
  • निवेश nivesh — (nm) investment; concentration, penetration; encampment, habitation; hence निवेशित (a).
  • निशांध nishā:ndh — (a) night-blind.
निशांधता -- night-blindness.
  • निशा nisha: — (nf) night.
निशाकर -- the moon.
निशाचर -- a demon; evil spirit.
निशाचरी -- demonic.
निशाचरी वृत्ति -- demonicspirit.
निशानाथ -- the moon.
  • निशाख़ातिर nisha:ḳḥa:tir — (nf) assurance, conviction.
निशाख़ातिर रखना -- to rest assured.
  • निशान nishā:n — (nm) a sign, mark; landmark; marking; scar; an impression; standard, flag; an emblem; a clue, trace.
निशानदेही -- identification; demarcation.
निशानबरदार -- astandard-bearer.
निशानबरदारी -- carryingaloft of a standard.
  • निशाना nisha:nā: — (nm) a target, butt; mark, aim.
निशाना बनाना -- to make a buttof, to aim at.
निशाना बाँधना -- to draw abead on, to take an aim.
निशाना मारना/लगाना -- to strike, to hit a target.
निशाना साधना -- to take an aim.
  • निशानी nishā:nī: — (nf) a memento, keepsake, token, mark, mark ofidentification, sign; trace.
  • निशाने/बाज़ nisha:neba:z — (nm) a marksman, expert/crack shot.
निशानेबाज़ी -- marksmanship.
  • निशास्ता nisha:sta: — (nm) wheat-starch.
  • निशि nishi — (nf) night.
निशिकर -- the moon.
निशिचर -- a demon, evil spirit.
निशिदिन -- day and night.
निशिवासर -- see निशिदिन.
  • निशीथ nishi:th — (nf) night, midnight.
  • निश्च/य nishchay — (nm) determination, resolution; settlement; decision; certainty; (a) definite; certain; positive; (adv) definitely, certainly; positively.
निश्चयात्मक -- positive; definite, decisive, certain; hence निश्चयात्मकता (nf).
  • निश्चर nishchar — (a) see निश्चल; (nm) an invariant; hence निश्चरता (nf).
  • निश्चल nishchal — (a) steady; unwavering; quiet; quiescent; immovable; immobile; stationary; hence निश्चलता (nf).
  • निश्चायक nishcha:yak — (a) decisive; positive.
  • निश्चिंत nishchint — (a) carefree, (self निश्चिंत-) assured; convinced; unconcerned; hence निश्चिंतता (nf).
  • निश्चित nishchit — (a) definite, certain, sure; ascertained, positive, definite; hence निश्चितता (nf).
  • निश्चेतक nishchetak — (a) anaesthetic.
  • निश्चेष्ट nishcheshṭ — (a) still, motionless; inert, quiet; unconscious; hence निश्चेष्टता (nf).
  • निश्छल nishchhal — (a) straightforward; honest; uncanny, without wiles, guileless; hence निश्छलता (nf).
  • निश्वास nishshva:s — (nm) exhalation; sigh.
  • निश्शंक nishshāṅk — (a) unhesitating; unapprehensive; dauntless, intrepid.
  • निषंग nishāṅg — (nm) a quiver.
  • निषि/द्ध nishiddh — (a) tabooed; prohibited, forbidden, banned.
निषिद्धि -- a taboo; prohibition, ban.
  • निषेचन nishechān — (nm) insemination.
  • निषेध nishedh — (nm) a taboo; prohibition, ban, negation.
निषेधवाद -- negativism.
निषेधवादी -- negativistic; anegativist.
निषेध-विधि -- negative rule, forbidding rule.
निषेध-वृत्ति -- negativism, negativitic attitude; hence निषेधक( nm), निषेधन (nm).
  • निषेधाज्ञा nishedha:gya: — (nf) injunction; stay order.
  • निषेधात्मक nishedha:tmāk — (a) negative, prohibitive, forbidding; hence निषेधात्मकता (nf).
  • निषेधाधिकार nishedha:dhika:r — (nm) veto power.
निषेधाधिकार का प्रयोग करना -- to veto, to exercise veto.
  • निष्कंटक nishkāṉṭak — (a) unobstructed, smooth; secure.
निष्कंटक राज्य/शासन -- smooth/secure/uninterrupted government.
  • निष्कंप nishkāmp — (a) unwavering, unquivering, untremulous, unflickering, steady; hence निष्कंपता (nf).
  • निष्कपट nishkapaṭ — (a) straightforward, honest, ingenuous, uncanny, guileless, unwily; hence निष्कपटता (nf).
  • निष्कर्ष nishkarsh — (nm) conclusion, inference; extract, epitome.
निष्कर्षण -- extraction.
निष्कर्ष निकालना -- to draw aninference, to arrive at a conclusion.
  • निष्कलंक nishkalāṅk — (a) immaculate, spotless, stainless; without a blemish, pure; chaste; hence निष्कलंकता (nf).
  • निष्कलुष nishkalush — (a) sinless, flawless, immaculate, clean; hence निष्कलुषता (nf).
  • निष्काम nishkā:m — (a) without attachment, disinterested, free from desires/wishes, desireless, unselfish.
निष्कामता -- state of being withoutattachment, disinterestedness, unselfishness.
  • निष्का/सन nishka:sān — (nm) expulsion; ejectment.
निष्कासित -- expelled; ejected.
  • निष्कृति nishkriti — (nf) salvation, riddance, redemption.
  • निष्क्रमण nishkramān — (nm) exit; evacuation; withdrawal.
  • निष्क्रांत nishkrā:nt — (a and nm) (an) evacuee.
  • निष्क्रिय nishkriy — (a) inactive, inert; idle, non-working; passive.
निष्क्रियता -- inactivity, inaction, inertia; idleness, passivity.
निष्क्रिय प्रतिरोध -- passiveresistance.
  • निष्ठ nishṭḥ — (a) trusting, having faith; usually used as an adjectivalsuffix meaning having faith/trust(in); devotion, affection; readiness, (for), or allegiance (to), engrossed(in), well-disposed (towards), etc.(as सत्यनिष्ठ, यथार्थनिष्ठ, कर्मनिष्ठ, etc.).
निष्ठता -- used as a nominalsuffix meaning the quality orstate of having faith/trust in orallegiance to (as सत्यनिष्ठता, न्यायनिष्ठता, etc.).
  • निष्ठा nishṭḥa: — (nf) allegiance; loyalty; faith; fidelity; devotion.
निष्ठावान -- loyal; faithful; fidel; devoted.
निष्ठाहीन -- disloyal; faithless; infidel.
  • निष्ठुर nishṭḥur — (a) ruthless; merciless, brutal; cruel, harsh.
निष्ठुरता -- ruthlessness, mercilessness; brutality, cruelty; harshness.
  • निष्णात nishṉa:t — (a) adept, expert; skilled.
  • निष्पंद nishpānd — (a) steady; unwavering, unquivering, unflickering; hence निष्पंदता (nf).
  • निष्पक्ष nishpaksh — (a) objective; neutral, unbiassed.
निष्पक्षता -- objectivity; neutrality, unbiassedness.
  • निष्पत्ति nishpatti — (nf) attainment.
  • निष्पन्न nishpann — (a) accomplished, concluded successfully, achievedconsummation.
  • निष्पादन nishpa:dān — (nm) execution; attaining, accomplishing, achieving; hence निष्पादत (a) निष्पाद्य (a).
  • निष्पाप nishpa:p — (a) sinless, immaculate; innocent.
  • निष्प्रभ nishprabh — (a) lustreless; devoid of glitter/shine; put out of countenance, disconcerted; hence निष्प्रभता (nf).
  • निष्प्रभाव nishprabha:v — (a) ineffective; nullified, invalidated; defunct.
  • निष्प्रयोजन nishprayojān — (a and adv) aimless(ly), without a purposeor object; hence निष्प्रयोजनता (nf).
  • निष्फल nishphal — (a) unavailing; ineffective, infructuous, inefficacious; vain; hence निष्फलता (nf).
  • निसबत nisbat — (nf) connection; attachment, relationship; comparison; (adv) about.
निसबत-, की -- as compared with.
  • निसर्ग nisarg — (nm) nature.
निसर्गज -- natural; innate, inborn; spontaneous.
निसर्गतः -- spontaneously, naturally.
निसर्गसिद्ध -- natural; spontaneous; innate, inborn.
  • निसार nisa:r — (a) sacrificed.
निसार करना -- to sacrifice.
  • निस्तत्त्व nistattv — (a) worthess; unsubstantial, immaterial; having no content.
  • निस्तब्ध nistabdh — (a) still; without motion or noise; quiet; hence निस्तब्धता (nf).
  • निस्तार nista:r — (nm) quittance, riddance; redemption; emancipation.
  • निस्तेज nistej — (a) lustreless, pallid; lifeless; spiritless; insipid.
  • निस्पंद nispānd — (a) see निष्पंद.
  • निस्पृह nisprih — (a) see निःस्पृह.
  • निस्यंद nisyānd — (a and nm) filtrate.
निस्यंदक -- a filter.
निस्यंदन -- filtration.
  • निस्संको/च nissāṅkoch — (a) unhesitating; inhesitant; (adv) unhesitatingly, without hesitation; hence निस्संकोची (a and nm).
  • निस्संग nissāṅg — (a) unattached; indifferent; hence निस्संगता (nf).
  • निस्संतान nissāntā:n — (a) childless, issueless.
  • निस्सत्त्व nissattv — (a) unsubstantial; worthless.
  • निस्सरण nissarāṉ — (nm) going out or forth; outflow.
निस्सरण-मार्ग -- exit, outlet.
  • निस्सहाय nissaha:y — (a) helpless.
निस्सहायता -- helplessness.
  • निस्सार nissa:r — (a) unsubstantial, illusory; worthless; hence निस्सारता (nf).
  • निस्सारण nissa:rān — (nm) extraction, causing to flow or go out.
  • निस्सीम nissi:m — (a) limitless, boundless; infinite.
निस्सीमता -- limitlessness; infinity.
  • निस्स्वार्थ nissva:rth — (a) selfless, unselfish.
निस्स्वार्थता -- selflessness; unselfishness.
  • निहंग nihāṅg — (a) naked; shameless; alone.
निहंग लाड़ला -- spoilt love.
  • निहत्था nihattha: — (a) unarmed.
निहत्था करना -- to disarm; to cut the claws of.
निहत्था होना -- to be disarmed.
  • निहाई niha:i: — (nf) an anvil.
  • निहानी nihā:nī: — (nf) a compressor.
  • निहायत niha:yat — (adv) extremely, excessively, absolutely, very much.
  • निहारना niha:rnā: — (v) to see, to look at, to behold.
  • निहाल niha:l — (adv) fulfilled, gratified; delighted.
  • निहित nihit — (a) inherent, implied; vested.
निहित स्वार्थ -- vested interest.
  • निहितार्थ nihita:rth — (nm) implication; implied meaning.
  • निहोरना nihornā: — (v) to entreat.
  • निहोरा nihora: — (nm) an entreaty; supplication.
निहोरे करना -- to entreat; to supplicate.
  • नींद nī:d — (nf) sleep, slumber.
नींद आना -- to feel like sleeping, to be sleepy.
नींद उचटना -- sleep to be dissipated, to have one's sleep brokenabruptly.
नींद उड़ना -- one's sleep tovanish, not to be able even towink.
नींद-, कुंभकर्ण की -- long lastingsleep without rocking.
नींद खुलना/टूटना -- to be awakened from one's sleep.
नींद , गहरी -- sound sleep, sleep like alog.
नींद भर सोना -- to have one's fillof sleep.
नींद लेना -- to have a sleep/nap.
नींद हराम करना -- to disturb one's sleep, not to allow one to sleep in peace.
  • नींबू nī:bu: — (nm) see नीबू.
  • नींव nī:v — (nf) foundation; base, ground.
नींव का पत्थर -- foundationstone.
नींव जमाना -- to consolidate, toestablish on a firm footing.
नींव डालना -- to lay the foundation (of).
नींव पड़ना -- the foundation to be laid.
नींव देना -- toprovide with a base/foundation.
  • नीच nī:ch — (a) mean, base, vile; inferior; low, lowly.
नीच-ऊँच -- low or/and high, good or/and bad, proper or/and improper.
नीच कमाई -- ill-earned money; immoral profession.
नीच कुल -- low family, low clan.
नीच का -- low-born.
नीच जाति -- low caste.
नीचपन/नीचपना -- see नीचता.
  • नीचता nī:chta: — (nf) meanness, baseness, vileness; inferiority; lowliness.
  • नीचा nī:cha: — (a) mean, base, vile; low; deep.
नीचाई -- lowness; depth.
नीचान -- same as नीचाई.
नीचा काम -- mean act; work undertaken by low castes, menial work.
नीचा खाना -- to suffer adefeat, to be put to humiliation.
नीचा दिखाना -- to humble to the dust, tobeat one into fits; to insult/humiliate; to overpower, to inflict adefeat.
नीची निगाह से देखना -- totreat as low or inferior; to thinkas of no significance.
  • नीचे nī:che — (adv) below; beneath; under, down.
नीचे ऊपर -- in succession, one immediately below or afterthe other; turned upside down, topsy-turvy.
नीचे का पाट भारी -- greymare is better horse, wear thebreeches (said of a wife dominating over her husband).
नीचे की साँसनीचे और ऊपर की साँस ऊपर रह जाना -- to hold/catch one's breath.
नीचे गिरना -- to fall; to be felled; to be morallydegraded.
नीचे से ऊपर तक -- from head; o foot; from top to bottom.
  • नीड़ ni:ṛ — (nm) a nest.
नीड़-का पंछी -- home-sick (person).
  • नीति nī:ti — (nf) policy; expediency; morality, ethics.
नीति काव्य -- didacticpoetry.
नीतिकुशल/चतुर/निपुण -- politic; sagacious.
नीतिमत्ता -- adherence toethical laws.
नीतिमान -- one whoknows and follows ethical laws, just and fair.
नीति-विद्या/शास्त्र -- ethics, the science of morality.
  • नीतिज्ञ ni:tigy — (a) sagacious, politic; hence नीतिज्ञता (nf).
  • नीबू nī:bu: — (nm) a lemon.
  • नीम nī:m — (nm) the margosa tree; (a) half, semi.
नीमआस्तीन -- half-sleeve.
नीमजाँ -- half-dead.
नीमपुख़्ता -- semi-ripe; half-consolidated.
नीमरज़ा -- half-consent, connivance.
नीमहकीम -- a quack.
नीमहकीम खतरा-एनीम-जान -- a little knowledge isa dangerous thing.
  • नीमचक nī:mchak — (nm) the wooden platform of a well upon which thebrick-work or masonry rests as afoundation.
  • नीयत nī:yat — (nf) motive; intention.
नीयत डाँवाडोल होना/डिगना/बदलना/बद होना/बिगड़ना/बुरी होना/में फ़र्क आना -- toundergo a change of intention, to be lured into ill intention.
  • नीर ni:r — (nm) water.
नीर-क्षीर नीर-विवेक -- (power of) discrimination betweenthe substantial/genuine and theunsubstantial/sham.
नीरज -- a lotusflower.
नीरद/धर -- a cloud.
नीरनिधि -- the ocean, sea.
नीर बहाना -- to shedtears.
  • नीरम ni:rām — (nm) ballast.
  • नीरव ni:rav — (a) quiet, calm; still.
नीरवता -- quietude, calmness; stillness.
  • नीरस ni:ras — (a) sapless, juiceless; dry; flat; stodgy; insipid; prosaic; uninteresting; hence नीरसता (nf).
  • नीरा ni:ra: — (nm) unfermented palm juice (a refreshing and stimulating beverage).
  • नीरो/ग ni:rog — (a) free from disease; hale, healthy; also नीरोगी (a).
  • नील ni:l — (nm) indigo, the plant and the dye; ten billions; (a) blue; (in mediaeval usage) also black.
नीलकंठ -- the blue-necked jay:Coracias Indica; an epithet ofLord Shiv.
नील कमल -- blue lotus.
नीलगाय -- a species of deer.
नील निलय -- thesky.
नीलमणि -- a sapphire.
नील लोहित -- reddish blue, purple.
नीलांजन -- blue vitriol.
नील पड़ना -- to be beatenblue, to be belaboured; to develop a blue scar (on the skin etc.).
  • नीलम ni:lām — (nm) a sapphire.
  • नीला ni:la: — (a) blue, azure.
नीला थोथा -- copper sulphate.
नीलापन -- blueness.
नीला-सा -- bluish.
नीला करना -- lit. to beatblue, to belabour.
नीला-पीला होना -- tobe in a terrible temper, to beenraged/infuriated.
  • नीलाम ni:la:m — (nm) auction, public sale.
नीलामकर्त्ता -- auctioneer.
नीलामघर -- anauction house; auctioneeringagency.
नीलाम पर चढ़ाना -- to be broughtto the hammer; to sell by inch ofcandle.
नीलाम में बोली बोलना -- to bid.
  • नीलामी ni:la:mī: — (nf) auction, public sale.
नीलामी पर चढ़ाना -- to auction.
  • नीवी ni:vi: — (nf) a waist-cord.
  • नीहार ni:ha:r — (nm) mist, fog.
नीहार जल -- dew.
  • नीहारिका ni:ha:rika: — (nf) a nebula.
  • नुकता nukta: — (nm) a defect; flaw, fault; deficiency.
नुकताचीं -- a fault-finder, critic.
नुकताचीनी -- fault-finding, criticism.
  • नुक़ता nuqta: — (nm) a point, dot; blot, patch.
  • नुकती nukti: — (nf) a kind of sweetened tiny pills of gram floor fried in ghee.
  • नुक़सान nuqsā:n — (nm) (a) loss, damage; harm; disadvantage.
नुक़सानदेह -- harmful, disadvantageous.
नुक़सान उठाना -- to suffer a loss/damage.
नुक़सान देना -- toinflict a loss.
नुक़सान पर नुक़सान उठाना -- tothrow the helve after the hatchet.
नुक़सान पहुँचना -- to be harmed, to suffera loss.
नुक़सान भरना -- to recompense, tomake good the loss.
  • नुकीला nuki:la: — (a) pointed, sharp.
नुकीलापन -- pointedness, sharpness; hence नुकीली (fem. form).
  • नुक्कड़ nukkaṛ — (nm) corner, bulging or protruding corner; end; turning point (of a road etc.).
  • नुक़्स nuqs — (nm) defect; fault, flaw; deficiency.
नुक़्सदार -- defective; faulty; deficient.
नुक़्स निकालना -- to find fault.
  • नुनखरा nūnkhara: — (a) saltish, saline, brackish.
नुनखरापन -- saltishness, brackishness.
  • नुमा numā: — —an adjectival suffix which imparts such meanings asmanifesting, showing, exhibiting; like, resembling, etc. to the wordsit is appended to (e.g. रहनुमा.
  • नुमाइंदगी numa:īndgi: — (nf) representation: delegacy.
  • नुमाइंदा numa:īnda: — (nm) a representative; delegate.
  • नुमाइ/श numa:ish — (nf) an exhibition, a show; display.
नुमाइशी -- showy, ostentatious; meant for display.
  • नुमायाँ numā:yā: — (a) manifest; glaring, apparent, obvious.
नुमायाँ होना -- to appear, to be manifest.
  • नुसख़ा nusḳḥa: — (nm) a prescription, recipe; formula.
नुसख़ा बाँधना -- to dispense (as a prescription).
नुसख़ा लिखना -- to give a prescription.
  • नूतन nu:tan — (a) new, novel.
नूतनता -- newness, novelty.
  • नूपुर nu:pur — (nm) an anklet.
नूपुर-ध्वनि -- melodious sound of an anklet.
  • नूर nu:r — (nm) light; lustre; resplendence.
नूरचश्म -- beloved son.
  • नृ nri — (nm) used in compound words—meaning man.
नृकेशरी -- anincarnation of Lord Vishṉū possessing the valour of a lion, lion-likeman.
नृपशु -- a beastly man.
नृसिंह -- see नृकेशरी.
नृहरि -- see नृकेशरी.
  • नृत्य nritty — (nm) dance, dancing; a dance performance.
नृत्य-कला -- the artof dancing.
नृत्य-गुरू -- dance-teacher.
नृत्य-नाट्य -- ballet.
नृत्य-प्रतियोगिता -- dancecompetition.
नृत्यशाला -- a dancinghall.
नृत्य-समारोह -- a dance festival.
  • नृप nrip — (nm) a king, monarch.
  • नृपति nripati — (nm) see नृप.
  • नृपोचित nripochit — (a) befitting a king, kingly, monarchical, majestic.
  • नृशंस nrishans — (a) atrocious; savage, cruel.
  • नृशंसता nrishansata: — (nf) atrociousness, savagery, cruelty.
  • ने ne — a postposition denoting the subjective case.
  • नेक nek — (a) good, virtuous.
नेक अख़्लाक -- well behaved.
नेक ख़्याल -- well-meaning, good.
नेकचलन -- of good conduct.
नेकचलनी -- good conduct.
नेकज़ात -- ofgood breed, well-bred.
नेकतर -- better.
नेकतरीन -- best.
नेकदिल -- virtuous, gentle.
नेकनाम -- reputed, well-known, having a good name.
नेकनामी -- reputtation, good name.
नेकनीयत -- well-intentioned, genuine, honest.
नेकनीयती -- good faith, goodness of intention, genuineness, honesty.
नेक पाक -- virtuous.
नेकबख़्त -- fortunate, lucky, blest.
नेकबख़्ती -- fortune, luck, happy lot.
  • नेकी neki: — (nf) goodness; virtue, piety.
नेकी-बदी -- good and bad/evil.
नेकी और पूछ-पूछ -- why seek the permission of one you are doing a goodturn to ?; do a good turn but whyembarrass your beneficiary?.
नेकी कर और कुएँ/दरिया में डाल -- to cast yourbread upon the water, do a goodturn and forget it, be beneficientbut do not publicise your deed.
  • नेग neg — (nm) conventional due, customary presents and gifts onfestive occasions (to those relativesand dependents who are entitledby virtue of their relationship).
नेगचार, नेगजोग -- see नेग.
  • नेज़ा neza: — (nm) a javelin, lance.
नेज़ाबरदार -- a javelin-bearer, lancer.
  • नेता neta: — (nm) a leader; pioneer.
नेतागीरी -- leadership used in a derogatory sense.
  • नेति neti — a Sanskrit expression (meaning 'there is no end') usedby philosophers to underline theview that He (God) defies alldescription.
  • नेतृत्व netrittv — (nm) leadership.
नेतृत्व शक्ति -- faculty of leadership.
नेतृत्व करना -- to lead.
नेतृत्व देना -- to provide leadership.
  • नेत्र nettr — (nm) an eye.
नेत्रक -- an eye-piece.
नेत्र-जल -- tear(s).
नेत्र-रोग -- eyediseases.
नेत्रविज्ञान -- ophthalmology.
नेत्रवैज्ञानिक -- ophthalmologist.
  • नेपथ्य nepatthy — (nm) back of the stage, green room.
नेपथ्य-संगीत -- playback music.
  • नेपा/ल nepa:l — (nm) a sovereign Hindu state situated in the north of India.
नेपाली -- an inhabitant of Nepal; pertaining to Nepal; the Nepalese language.
  • नेफ़ा nefa: — (nm) the stitched hollow strip in the upper part of trousersetc. wherein a cord is passed forbinding round the waist; abbreviated nomenclature for the NorthEastern Frontier Agency of theIndian union (NEFA).
  • नेम nēm — (nm) routine; rule (of religious conduct); religious practice; custom.
नेम धरम -- religiouspractice, custom; religious practices and customs.
  • नेमत nēmāt — (nf) see नियामत.
  • नेवला nevla: — (nm) a mongoose, an ichneumon.
  • नेस्त nest — (a) naught, non-existent.
नेस्तनाबूद -- completely destroyed/devastated; in ruins.
  • नेस्तीं nesti: — (a) ominous; lazy.
नेस्तींपन -- ominousness; laziness.
  • नेह neh — (nm) tadbhav-form of Sanskrit स्नेह (see).
  • नैकट्य naikaṭṭy — (nm) nearness, proximity.
  • नैचा naicha: — (nm) the pipes of a hubble-bubble tied together.
  • नैज naij — (a) personal, one's own.
  • नैतिक naitik — (a) moral, ethical.
नैतिक अंतर्बोंध -- synderesis.
नैतिकता -- morality.
नैतिक भावना -- moral sense.
  • नैत्यिक naittyik — (a) routine; usual.
  • नैन nāīn — (nm) an eye.
नैननक़्श -- facial features/cut.
नैनसुख -- a typical finecotton cloth.
नैन अघाना -- eyes to begratified (through the sight of abeautiful object).
नैन उलझना -- to catcha fancy for, to fall for.
  • नैपुण्य naipūnny — (nm) dexterity, skillfulness, adroitness.
  • नैमित्तिक naimittik — (a) casual; occasional, accidental; hence नैमित्तिकता (nf).
  • नैरंतर्य nairāntary — (nm) continuity, uninterruptedness.
  • नैराश्य naira:shshy — (nm) frustration; disappointment, despair.
नैराश्य भावना -- sense of frustration/despair.
  • नैवेद्य naivedy — (nm) oblation, offerings made to a deity.
  • नैष्ठिक naishṭḥik — (a) faithful; inspired by religious faith; hence नैष्ठिकता (nf) नैष्ठिक ब्रह्मचारी one who faithfullyobserves strict celibacy from the sacredthread ceremony till the end whileresiding at the preceptor's hermitage.
  • नैसर्गिक naisargik — (a) natural, spontaneous.
नैसर्गिकता -- naturalness, spontaneity.
  • नैहर naihar — (nm) a woman's paternal home/village/city.
  • नोक nōk — (nf) point; tip; end; fore-part.
नोक-झोंक -- mutual repartee, pleasantry, mock altercation.
नोकदार -- pointed; sharp.
  • नोच nōch — abstract nominal form of the verb नोचना, rarely used exceptin the compound नोच-खसोट grabbing, pinching and snatching.
  • नोचना nōchnā: — (v) to pinch; to scratch; to pluck.
  • नोट noṭ — (nm) a note, currency note.
नोटबुक -- a notebook.
नोट करना -- to makea note of, to note (down).
  • नोटिस noṭis — (nm) a notice.
नोटिस देना -- to serve a notice.
  • नोद nod — (nm) a thrust.
  • नोदन nodān — (nm) propulsion.
नोदन शक्ति -- propelling force.
नोदन करना -- to propel.
  • नोन nōn — (nm) salt.
नोन-तेल-लकड़ी -- daily household needs/necessaries.
नोन-तेल-लकड़ी की चिंता होना -- to be worried aboutdaily household needs.
  • नोनी nōnī: — (nf) butter.
  • नोश nosh — (nm) nectar, delicious drink—not in usage in Hindi as such except in the idioms नोश करना, नोश फ़रमाना used in respectful speechmeaning to eat/to drink.
  • नौ nau — (a) nine; new, fresh; (nm) the number nine; a boat ship.
नौ-अधिकरण -- the admiralty.
नौकर्ण -- a rudder.
नौघाट -- ferry.
नौचालन -- navigation, shipping.
नौजवान -- a youngman, inthe prime of youth.
नौजवानी -- primeof youth, young age.
नौनिहाल -- thegrowing/rising generation, youth; child.
नौपरिवहन -- navigation, shipping.
नौबहार -- spring; new bloom.
नौबेड़ा -- navy, naval fleet.
नौरोज़ -- the new year's day (according tothe Pa:rsi: system) a day of festivity.
नौरोहण -- embarkation; shipment.
नौलखा -- costing nine lacs ofrupees; very precious.
नौवहन -- shipping.
नौविधि -- naval law.
नौसिखिया -- greenhorn; a novice, learner, fresher.
नौसेना -- navy, naval force.
नौसेनाध्यक्ष -- naval chief.
नौसैन्यवाद -- navalism.
नौसेवा -- navy, naval service.
नौ दिन चले अढ़ाई कोस -- to be veryslow in movement, to make amovement that is as good as nomovement.
नौ नगद न तेरह उधार -- a birdin hand is better than two in thebush.
नौ दो ग्यारह होना -- to turn tails, to make good one's escape, toshow a clean pair of heels.
  • नौकर nāūkar — (nm) a servant; an employee.
नौकर चाकर -- the whole retinue of servants/attendants/employees; domestics.
नौकरशाह -- a bureaucrat.
नौकरशाही -- bureaucracy; bureaucratic; hence नौकरानी (nf).
  • नौकराना nāūkra:nā: — (a) servile; befitting, pertaining or belonging to a servant; (nm) wages.
  • नौकरी nāūkri: — (nf) a service, job; an employment.
नौकरी बजाना -- to renderservice, to dance attendance(upon).
नौकरीपेशा -- (people) in-service.
नौकरीपेशा वर्ग -- in-service class.
नौकरी से जवाब मिलना -- to setthe boot, to be fired.
  • नौका nāūka: — (nf) a boat, ferry.
  • नौज nauj — (ind) lest; God forbid; no matter.
  • नौबत naubat — (nf) state of affairs; condition; turn; a kettledrum.
नौबतख़ाना -- drum-house.
नौबत-ब-नौबत -- turnby turn.
नौबत आना -- to come to such apass, to come to a miserableplight.
नौबत बजना -- drums to be beaten, festivity to commence.
नौबत बजाकर -- openly; with beat of drums.
  • नौशा nausha: — (nm) the bridegroom.
  • नौसादर nausa:dar — (nm) sal-ammoniac, ammonium chloride.
  • न्यस्त nyast — (a) deposited, trusted, vested; abandoned.
  • न्यागमन nya:gamān — (nm) devolution.
  • न्याय nya:y — (nm) justice; fairness; a popular maxim or apposite illustration (as घुणाक्षर न्याय); logic.
न्यायकर्ता -- a judge, one who sits in judgment.
न्यायनिष्ठ; -- just, fair, equitable न्याय न्यायनिष्ठता justness, fairness, equitability.
न्याय पथ -- just/fair/equitable-course.
न्यायपर -- just, fair, equitable.
न्यायपरता -- justness, fairness, equitability.
न्यायपरायण -- just, fair, equitable.
न्यायपरायणता -- justness, fairness, equitability.
न्यायपालिका -- see न्यायांग.
न्यायपीठ -- bench.
न्यायप्रिय -- just, fair, equitable; hence न्यायप्रियता (nf).
न्यायवादी -- an attorney; just/fair/equitable in utterance.
न्यायशास्त्र -- jurisprudence.
न्यायशास्त्री -- jurisprudent.
न्यायशील -- see न्यायपर.
न्यायसंगत -- just, fair, equitable.
न्याय सभा -- a court of law; bench.
  • न्यांयतः nya:ytah — (ind) legally; justly speaking, for the sake of justice.
  • न्यायमूर्ति nya:ymu:rti — (a) justice (so and so).
  • न्यायांग nya:yā:ṅg — (nm) the judiciary.
  • न्यायाधिकरण nya:ya:dhikarāṉ — (nm) a tribunal.
  • न्यायाधिवक्ता nya:ya:dhivakta: — (nm) the judge-advocate.
  • न्यायाधीश nya:ya:dhi:sh — (nm) a judge; Justice.
  • न्यायालय nya:ya:lay — (nm) a court of law; judicature.
  • न्यायासन nya:ya:sān — (nm) the seat of justice.
  • न्यायिक nya:yik — (a) judicial, juridical.
  • न्यायी nya:yi: — (a) just, justly, equitable.
  • न्यायोचित nya:yochit — (a) just, equitable, fair.
  • न्याय्य nya:yy — (a) see न्यायोचित.
  • न्यारा nya:ra: — (a) separate(d); staying away (from a joint family); unique, novel; distinct; hence न्यारापन (nm).
  • न्यास nya:s — (nm) a trust; deposit; arrangement.
न्यासधारी -- a trustee.
  • न्यासी nyā:si: — (nm) a trustee.
  • न्यून nyu:n — (a) less; lacking, deficient; low, inferior; small.
न्यून कोण -- acute angle.
न्यूनतम -- minimum, minimal.
न्यूनतर -- lesser, less than, smaller; hence न्यूनता (nf).
न्यून मूल्यांकन -- under-valuation.
  • न्यूनाधिक nyū:nā:dhik — (a) more or less.
  • न्यो यौ छावर nyo yau chha:var — (nf) a propitiatory offering; coins orcurrency notes scattered or giftedaway on festive occasions (asbirth-day etc.) and marriages (toward off troubles and tribulationsfrom the person concerned; sacrifice.
न्यो होना -- to offer to make a sacrifice (for someone).
  • न्यो यौ तना nyō āū tnā: — (v) to invite.
  • न्यो यौ ता nyō āū ta: — (nm) an invitation.
न्यो देना -- to extend an invitation.