विक्षनरी:हिन्दी-अंग्रेजी शब्दकोश : श-ष

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हिन्दी-अंग्रेजी शब्दकोश के मुखपृष्ठ पर चलें

  • श sha -- the first of the conventional sibilant trio (श, ष, स) of the Devanagari alphabet. In current Hindi sound-pattern, however, the cerebral (ष) has merged its identity into the palatal sibilant (श).
  • शंकर shaṅkar -- (nm) Lord Shiv, the annihilator of the universe; a great Indian philosopher who flourished during the last quarter of the eighth and first quarterof the ninth century and who fought successfully against Buddhism for the revival of Brahmāṉism.
  • शंका shāṅka: -- (nf) doubt; suspicion; mistrust.
शंकाकुल -- perturbed by doubt/mistrust, suspicious, mistrustful.
शंकाजनक -- creating or raising suspicion/doubt/mistrust; suspicious.
शंका-निवारण/निवृत्ति -- allaying: of suspicion, clearing or removing a doubt.
शंकान्वित/मय -- filled with doubt/mistrust/suspicion.
शंकाशील -- suspicious (by nature), of suspicious disposition.
शंकाशीलता -- suspiciousness, suspicious disposition.
शंका-समाधान -- setting a doubt to rest, allaying suspicion/mistrust.
शंकास्पद -- doubtful, questionable, fit to bedoubted/spected/distrusted.
  • शंकालु shaṅka:lu -- (a) (of) suspicious (nature), mistrustful.
शंकालुता -- suspiciousness.
  • शंकित shaṅkit -- (a) alarmed; filled with mistrust/doubt/suspicion.
शंकितमन -- mistrustful, apprehensive.
  • शंकु shaṅku -- (nm) a cone.
शंकु-कोण -- conical angle.
शंकु , खोखला -- hollow cone.
शंकु , ठोस -- solid cone.
शंकुफल -- a cone.
शंकु-बिंदु -- conical point.
शंकु-रूप -- conical.
शंकु , वृत्तीय -- circular cone.
  • शं/ख shaṇkh -- (nm) a conch, conch-shell; a number equal to a thousand billion or 10, 00, 000crores.
शंखमय -- conchiferous.
शंखाकार -- conchate.
शंखाभ -- conchoid.
शंख-ध्वनि/नाद -- blowing of aconch-shell signifying commencement of battle.
शंख बजाना -- torejoice; to go about announcingone's achievements.
शंख फूँकना -- tomake a declaration of war; toarouse/awaken.
  • शंखिनी shaṅkhini: -- (nf) one of the four major categories of womenaccording to ancient Indian sexologists.
  • शंबु shambu -- शंबुक k (nm) a bivalve shell; snail.
  • शंभु shambhu -- (nm) Lord Shiv.
  • शऊर shau:r -- (nm) mannerliness, decency; discretion, sence.
शऊरदार -- mannerly; sensible; discreet.
  • शक shak -- (nm) doubt, suspicion.
शक संवत् -- an era introduced by Emperor Sha:liva:han of India (in 78A.D.) and revived by the post-Independence government of the country.
  • शकट shakaṭ -- (nm) a cart.
  • शकर shakar -- (nf) sugar.
शकरकंद -- sweet potato.
शकरखोर -- who has a tastefor or is addicted to sweets.
शकरज़बान -- sweet-spoken.
शकरदानी -- asugar pot.
शकरपारा -- a kind of sweet(or saltish) preparation of friedflour.
  • शकल shakal -- (nf) same as शक्ल.
शकल-सूरत -- see शक्ल-सूरत.
  • शकाब्द shaka:bd -- (nm) see शक संवत् (under शक).
  • शका/र shaka:r -- (nm) the consonant श and its sound.
शकारांत -- (word) ending in 'श्'.
  • शकील shaki:l -- (a) charming, beautiful/handsome.
  • शकुन shakun -- (nm) an omen, augury.
शकुन-विचार/विद्या -- augury.
शकुन-शास्त्र -- thescience of omens.
शकुन आना/जाना -- receiving/sending of auspiciousarticles on happy occasions (likemarriage etc.).
शकुन करना -- to commence (a work etc.) at an auspicious moment; to perform anengagement-ritual.
शकुन देखना/निकालना/विचारना -- to look for agood omen; to look for anauspicious conjunction of planets; to practise augury.
  • शकुनिया shakunīyā: -- (nm) see शकुनी.
  • शकुनी shakunī: -- (nm) an augur, a soothsayer.
  • शक्कर shakkar -- (nf) see शकर.
  • शक्की shakki: -- (a) suspicious (by nature), sceptic.
शक्कीमिज़ाज -- sceptic, suspicious by disposition.
  • शक्ति shakti -- (nf) power, strength, potency, energy; name of thegoddess personifying divinepower.
शक्ति-कुंठन -- powerlessness; de-energising.
शक्तिपूजक -- a worshipperof shakti.
शक्ति-पूजा -- worship of shakti.
शक्तिमान -- strong, powerful; forceful; potent.
शक्तियुक्त -- forceful; powerful, strong.
शक्तिवर्धक -- invigorating; nutritive.
शक्तिवाद -- energism.
शक्तिवादी -- aworshipper of shakti.
शक्तिहीन -- powerless, impotent, enervated.
शक्ति लगाना -- to apply force/energy.
  • शक्तिमत्ता shaktimatta: -- (nf).
  • शक्तिमान shaktimā:n -- (a) powerful/forceful, having potential.
  • शक्य shakky -- (a) feasible, possible, capable of being effected or done.
शक्यता -- feasibility, possibility.
  • शक्र shakkr -- (nm) Lord Indra—the king of gods.
  • शक्ल shakl -- (nf) shape, form; looks, appearance, countenance.
शक्ल-सुरत -- looks, appearance.
शक्ल तक न पहचानना -- not to know from Adam.
शक्ल तोदेखो -- (ironically) look at thecheek! what a man and what amind!.
शक्ल दिखाना -- to turn up, toshow up, to make an appearance.
शक्ल देखते रह जाना -- to gaze inastonishmenṭ; to be wonderstruckat the sight of.
शक्ल न दिखाना -- not to turn up/show up, to shuna meeting.
शक्ल पहचानना -- to recogniseby face; to identify by (thevery) looks.
शक्ल बनाना -- to weara strange look; to be out ofcountenance.
शक्ल बिगाड़ना -- todevelop ugly looks, to wear anoutlandish look; to be deformed/defaced.
  • शख़्स shaḳḥs -- (nm) a human being; person, an individual.
  • शख़्सियत shaḳḥsiyat -- (nf) personality.
  • शख़्सी shaḳḥsi: -- (a) individual; personal.
शख़्सी तौर पर -- personally, personally speaking.
  • शग़ल shag̣al -- (nm) a pastime, recreation; hobby.
शग़ल करना -- to recreate, to do a thing for recreation.
  • शगुन shagun -- (nm) see शकुन.
  • शगुनिया shagunīa: -- (nm) see शकुनिया.
  • शगूफ़ा shagu:fa: -- (nm) see शिगूफ़ा.
  • शजरा shajara: -- (nm) a genealogical tree; a versified eulogical presentation of the genealogy; a patwari'smap of fields.
शजरा पढ़ना -- to read outthe details of the genealogicaltree.
  • शठ shaṭḥ -- (a) wicked, knave, crafty, cunning.
शठता -- wickedness, knavery, craftiness, cunningness.
शठे शाठ्यं समाचरेत -- deal with thedevil in his own way, tit for tat.
  • शत shat -- (nm) one hundred.
शतधा -- in a hundred ways.
शतपत्र -- thelotus (flower).
शत प्रतिशत -- cent percent.
शतवार्षिकी -- centenary.
शतवार्षिकी समारोह -- centenary celebration.
  • शतक shatak -- (nm) a century, one hundred.
शतक बनाना -- to score a century.
  • शतदल shatdal -- (nm) a lotus flower.
  • शतपद shatpad -- (nm) a centipede.
  • शतरं/ज shatrānj -- (nf) the game of chess; a chess-board.
शतरंजी -- a chess-board; a good chess player; a bedcover with chess-board designprinted over it.
शतरंज का मोहरा -- catto paw, person used as a tool.
  • शतशः shatshah -- (ind) in a hundred ways.
  • शतांश shata:nsh -- (nm) a hundredth part.
  • शताधिक shata:dhik -- (a) over a hundred, more than a hundred.
  • शताब्/द, शताब्ब्दी shata:bd -- (nm).
~ -- bdi: (nf) a century, span of hundredyears.
शताब्ब्दी-समारोह -- centenarycelebration.
  • शतायु shata:yu -- (a) of hundred years (of age), centenarian.
शतायु हो! -- mayyou live for a hundred years!.
  • शतायुध shata:yudh -- (a, nm) (a warrior) wielding a hundred weapons.
  • शती shati: -- (nf) a collection of hundred; century.
  • शत्रुंजय shattrūṇjay -- (a and nm) (a) conqueror of the enemy.
  • शत्रु shattru -- (nm) an enemy, a foe.
शत्रुघ्न/घाती -- destroyer/killer of.
  • शत्रुता shattruta: -- (nf) enmity, animosity, hostility.
  • शनाख़्त shana:ḳḥt -- (nf) identification.
शनाख़्त करना -- to indentify.
  • शनि shanī -- (nm) Saturn-the seventh of the nine planets; Saturday.
शनिवार -- Saturday.
शनिवासर -- Saturday.
शनि की दृष्टि -- to be under the influence of evil stars, to be badlyafflicted.
  • शनिश्चर, शनीचर shanishchar, shanī:char -- (nm) see शनि.
  • शनैः shanaih -- (ind) gradually, slowly.
शनैः-शनैः -- by degrees, little by little, gradually.
  • शपथ shapath -- (nf) an oath, swearing.
शपथ ग्रहण करना -- to take an oath, शपथ , गोपनीयता की oath of secrecy.
शपथ दिलाना -- to administer an oath.
शपथ-पत्र -- an affidavit.
शपथ भंग करना -- tocommit a breach of oath.
शपथ लेना -- totake an oath.
  • शफ़तालू shafta:lu: -- (nm) nectarine.
  • शफ़री shafri: -- (nf) a kind of fish.
  • शफ़ा shafa: -- (nf) (restoration to) health, recovery; curative power.
शफ़ाख़ाना -- a clinic, dispensary.
  • श/ब shab -- (nf) night.
शबे-बारात -- the fifteenth night of the month of sha:ba:n.
शबे-महताब -- moonlit night.
शबे-वसाल/वस्ल -- nightof amorous dalliance.
  • शबनम shabnam -- (nf) dew; a very fine quality of muslin.
  • शबनमी shabnamī: -- (nf) a mosquito net (which also serves as a protection from dew).
  • शबल shabal -- (a) variegated, diverse.
शबलता -- variegatedness, diverseness.
  • शबाब shaba:b -- (nm) youth, prime of life.
शबाब फूटना, शबाब फट पड़ना -- to be infull bloom, to be a picture, ofyouthfulness.
  • शबीह shabi:h -- (nf) a picture, portrait; resemblance.
  • शब्द shabd -- (nm) a word, term; sound.
शब्दकार -- producing sound; creator of words.
शब्दकोष/कोश -- adictionary.
शब्दगत -- pertaining to orrelated with a/the word.
शब्दग्राम -- totality of sounds.
शब्द-चयन -- choice ofwords; diction.
शब्द-चित्र -- a word-sketch.
शब्द-जाल -- jugglery of words, verbosity.
शब्द-पहेली -- crossword puzzle.
शब्द-बोध -- comprehension of words.
शब्द-प्रमाण -- testimony.
शब्द-ब्रह्म -- the Veda considered as revealed sound and word; word (sound) identified with theSupreme Being.
शब्द-भेद -- part ofspeech.
शब्दभेदी -- see शब्दवेधी.
शब्द-रचना -- word-construction, word-formation.
शब्द-रूप -- the (grammatical) formof a word.
शब्द-विरोध -- mere vocalopposition.
शब्द-विशेष -- a particularword/sound.
शब्दवीर/शब्दशूर -- (blessed) with a gift of the gab, a pastmaster in mere talks.
शब्दवेधी -- hitting at the sound (as an arrow), hitting at an object perceivedonly through the ear.
शब्द-व्युत्पत्ति -- word-etymology.
शब्द-शक्ति -- the forceor signification of a word.
शब्द-शासन -- the Scienc of words; grammar.
शब्द-शास्त्र -- lexicography; grammar.
शब्द-संक्षेप -- abbreviation.
शब्द-संग्रह -- a glossary.
शब्द-सौंदर्य -- see शब्द-सौष्ठव.
शब्द-सौकर्य -- facility of expression.
शब्द-सौष्ठव -- elegance of words; grace of style.
शब्दहीन -- speechless, mute; hence शब्दहीनता (nf).
शब्दों का गोरखधंधा -- a cloud of words.
शब्दों में बाँधना -- to express in words.
  • शब्दशः shabdshah -- (ind) verbatim, word by word.
शब्दशः अनुवाद -- word byword translation.
  • शब्दाडंबर shabda:ḍambar -- (nm) ampullosity bombast, verbiage/verbosity; hence शब्दाडंबरपूर्ण (a).
  • शब्दातीत shabda:ti:t -- (a) indescribable, defying description.
  • शब्दानुकरण shabda:nukarāṉ -- (nm) imitation of words, going wordfor word.
  • शब्दानुवाद shabda:nuva:d -- (nm) a literal translation.
  • शब्दानुशासन shabda:nūsha:sān -- (nm) grammar, grammatical instruction.
  • शब्दानुसार shabda:nusa:r -- (a and adv) literal; literally.
  • शब्दार्थ shabda:rth -- (nm) the literal meaning.
शब्दार्थ-विज्ञान/शास्त्र -- semasiology, semantics.
  • शब्दालंकार shabda:lāṅka:r -- (nm) a word-based figure of speech.
  • शब्दावली shabda:vali: -- (nf) vocabulary; terminology.
  • शब्दावृत्ति shabda:vritti -- (nf) word-frequency; word-repetition.
  • शब्देंद्रिय shabdēndriy -- (nf) the organ of hearing, ear.
  • शब्दोच्चार shabdochcha:r -- (nm) articulation; phonation.
  • शम sham -- (nm) calmness; tranquillity of mind.
  • शमन shamān -- (nm) (the act or process of) pacification, allaying; quenching; suppression.
शमन करना -- topacify, to allay; to quench; tosuppress.
  • शमशीर shamshi:r -- (nf) a sword.
शमशीर के जौहर -- wonders in wielding a sword.
  • शमांतक shamā:ntak a -- (a) disturbing, perturbing; causing disquiet.
  • शमा shamā: -- (nf) a candle, lamp.
शमादान -- a candle-base, sconce.
शमा-परवाना -- the lamp and the moth.
  • शमित shamit -- (a) pacified; tranquillized; quietened, suppressed; quenched.
  • शयन shayan -- (nm) sleep, (the act of) sleeping, lying down.
शयन-कक्ष/गृह/शाला -- a bed-chamber, bed-room.
  • शयनागार shaynā:ga:r -- (nm) a bed-chamber, bed-room.
  • शय्या shayya: -- (nm) a bed, bedstead.
शय्यागत -- gone to bed, confined to bed.
शय्यागृह -- a bed-chamber, bed-room.
शय्यासक्त -- bed-ridden.
  • शर shar -- (nm) an arrow.
शर-वृष्टी -- a shower of arrows.
शरवेग -- swift asan arrow.
शर-शैया -- bep (made) ofarrows.
शर-संधान -- taking aim withan arrow.
  • शरअ sharaa -- (nf) custom, convention.
  • शरच्चं/द्र sharachchandr -- (nm) the moon.
शरच्चंद्रिका -- the autumnalmoonshine/moonlight.
  • शरज्ज्योत्स्ना sharajjyotsnā: -- (nm) see शरच्चंद्रिका.
  • शरण sharāṉ -- (nf) shelter, refuge; recourse; protection.
शरणदाता -- onewho affords a protection.
शरणप्रद -- sheltering.
शरण-स्थान -- a sanctuary, refuge, an asylum, a haven.
शरण देना -- to afford refuge, to grant shelter, to harbour.
  • शरणाग/त sharaṉa:gat -- (a and nm) (one who has) come for shelter/protection; a refugee.
शरणागगति -- approachlen for protection/shelter.
  • शरणा/र्थी sharaṉā:rthi: -- (nm) a refugee, shelter-seeker.
शरणार्थिन -- feminine form of शरणार्थी.
  • शरण्य sharanny -- (a) seeking/needing or deserving shelter.
  • शरत sharat -- (nf) the autumn.
शरतकाल -- the autumn season.
  • शरद sharad -- (nf) the autumn.
शरद-पूनो/पूर्णिमा -- the full moon night in the month of क्वार.
  • शरब/त sharbat -- (nm) a sweet beverage (of different kinds); syrup.
शरबती -- of the colour of शरबत; sweet; syrupy.
  • शरम sharām -- (nm) see शर्म.
  • शरमाना sharmā:nā: -- (v) to feel shy, to be abashed/ashamed, to blush; to put to shame.
  • शरमाशरमी sharmā:sharmī: -- (adv) through shame; out of bashfulness/shyness.
  • शरमिंदगी sharamīndagi: -- (nf) see शर्मिंदगी under 'शर्मिंदा'.
  • शरमीला sharmi:la: -- (a) see शर्मीला.
शरमीलापन -- see शर्मीला (शरमीलापन).
  • शरह shareh -- (nf) rate; detailed account; see शरअ.
शरहबंदी -- list.
शरह-लगान -- rate of rent.
शरह-सूद -- rate of interest.
  • शराकत shara:kat -- (nf) partnership; participation.
शराकतनामा -- partnershipdeed/agreement.
  • शरापना shara:pnā: -- (v) to curse, to imprecate.
  • शराफ़त shara:fat -- (nf) gentlemanliness, civility.
शराफ़त का पुतला -- an embodiment of gentlemanliness, a thorough gentleman.
शराफ़त घोलकर पी जाना -- to have no sense of gentlemanliness.
  • शराब shara:b -- (nf) wine, spirit, liquor.
शराबख़ाना -- a bar, wine shop.
शराबख़ोर -- a drunkard, boozy.
शराबख़ोरी -- addiction to liquor, habitual drinking.
शराब का दौर चलना -- to booze, tohave a bout of drinking.
शराब बनाना -- to brew.
  • शराबी shara:bi: -- (nm and a) a drunkard; boozy.
शराबी-कबाबी -- exercising no temperance in food anddrinks.
  • शराबोर shara:bor -- (a) thoroughly drenched/soaked.
  • शरार/त shara:rat -- (nf) mischief/mischievousness; wickedness.
शरारतन -- mischievously, out of mischief, with a mischievous intention.
शरारती -- naughty, playful; mischievous; wicked.
शरारती पन -- naughtiness; playfulness; mischievousness.
  • शरीअत shari:at -- (nf) divine law, religious law; justice.
  • शरीक shari:k -- (d) participating/associating; partnering/ co-sharing, included.
शरीक होना -- to participate; to co-share.
शरीके-जुर्म -- an accomplice.
शरीके-राय -- in agreement.
  • शरीफ़ shari:f -- (a) gentlemanly; noble, virtuous.
शरीफ़ खानदान -- a noblefamily.
शरीफ़ज़ादा -- son of a gentlman, belonging to a noble family, ofnoble descent; hence शरीफ़ज़ादी (fem, form).
  • शरीफ़ा shari:fa: -- (nm) the custard apple.
  • शरीर shari:r -- (nm) body, physique; (a) mischievous.
शरीर और आत्मा -- bodyand soul.
शरीर-क्रिया -- physiology.
शरीरक्रियात्मक -- physiological.
शरीरक्रिया-विज्ञान -- physiology.
शरीरक्रिया-वैज्ञानिक -- a physiologist; physiological.
शरीर-गठन -- physique, body-build, physicalframe.
शरीर-त्याग -- death.
शरीर-दंड -- physicalpunishment.
शरीर-पतन/पात/निपात -- death, demise.
शरीर-रक्षक -- a bodyguard, escort.
शरीर-रचना -- anatomy, physical structure.
शरीर-रचना विज्ञान/शास्त्र -- anatomy.
शरीररचना-वैज्ञानिक -- an anatomist; anatomical.
शरीरविज्ञान/शास्त्र -- physiology.
शरीरवैज्ञानिक -- a physiologist; physiological.
शरीर-शास्त्री -- a physiologist.
शरीरशास्त्रीय -- physiological.
शरीर-संबंध -- physical relationship, sexual relationship.
  • शरीरांत shari:rā:nt -- (nm) death, demise.
  • शरीरार्पण shari:ra:rpāṉ -- (nm) surrender of the body, physical surrender.
  • शरीरी shari:ri: -- (a) physical, corporeal; concrete; (nm) anorganism.
  • शर्क/रा sharkara: -- (nf) sugar, saccharose.
शर्करामय -- sacchariferous.
शर्करामापी -- saccharimeter.
शर्करीय -- saccharine.
  • शर्त shart -- (nf) a condition, pre-condition, term; provision; bet, wager.
शर्तबंद -- bound, committed.
शर्त बदना/लगाना -- to bet, to wager.
शर्त यहहै कि -- provided that.
शर्त होना, किसी बात की -- to be a pre-condition for.
  • शर्तिया shartiya: -- (a and adv) sure; unfailing (as शर्तिया इलाज); positively, definitely, without fail.
  • शर्ती sharti: -- (a) conditional, qualified.
  • शर्ब/त sharbat -- (nm) see 'शरबत'.
शर्बती -- see 'शरबती'.
  • शर्म sharm -- (nf) shame; bashfulness, shyness.
शर्मनाक -- shameful, disgraceful.
शर्मसार -- ashamed; shy; hence शर्मसारी (nf).
शर्माहजूरी -- throughmodesty/personal consideration.
शर्म-हया -- shame and modesty; shame.
शर्म आना -- to feel shy; to be ashamed.
शर्म करना -- to be ashamed; to be shy/bashful.
शर्म की बात -- something to beashamed of, disgraceful thing.
शर्म केमारे मुँह न दिखाना -- to hide one'shead.
शर्म खाना -- to be ashamed; tofeel shy/bashful.
शर्म से गड़ जाना/शर्म-सेपानी-पानी होना -- to die throughshame, to feel thoroughly ashamed.
शर्म से गर्दन झुकना -- to hang thehead down through shame.
  • शर्माना sharma:nā: -- (v) see शरमाना.
  • शर्मिं/दा sharmīnda: -- (a) ashamed.
शर्मिंदगी -- shame; shamefulness.
  • शर्मीला sharmi:la: -- (a) shy, bashful.
शर्मीलापन -- shyness, bashfulness.
  • शर्वरी sharvari: -- (nf) night.
शर्वरीश -- the moon.
  • शलग़म shalg̣am -- (nf) turnip.
  • शलज/म shaljam -- (nf) see 'शलग़म'.
शलजमी -- turnipy, resembling शलजम.
  • शलभ shalabh -- (nm) a moth.
  • शलाका shala:ka: -- (nf) a rod; spoke; bar; (archaic usage) ballot.
शलाका-पुरुष -- a divine personage.
  • शल्य shally -- (nm) a surgical instrument; a thorn.
शल्यकर्म/क्रिया -- surgery, a surgical operation.
शल्य-चिकित्सक -- asurgeon.
शल्य-चिकित्सा -- surgical operation; surgery.
शल्य-विद्या/शास्त्र -- surgery.
  • शल्ल shall -- (a) exhausted, wearied, fatigued.
शल्ल हो जाना -- to be extremelyexhausted/wearied/fatigued.
  • शव shav -- (nm) a corpse, dead body.
शवदाह -- cremation.
शवदाह स्थान -- a crematorium.
शव-परीक्षा -- autopsy, post-mortem.
शवशाला -- mortuary.
शव-संस्कार -- last funeral rites.
  • शव/ल shaval -- (nm) see शबल.
शवलित -- see शबलित.
  • शश shash -- (nm) a rabbit, hare; the number six; (a) six.
शशमाही -- six-monthly, half-yearly.
  • शशक shashak -- (nm) a rabbit, hare.
  • शशांक shashā:ṅk -- (nm) the moon.
शशांकशेखर -- Lord Shiv.
  • शशि shashi -- (nm) the moon.
शशि-कला -- a digit of the moon.
शशिमंडल -- the disc of the moon.
शशिमुख -- having a moon-like/pretty face, beautiful; hence शशिमुखी (a).
  • शस्त्र shastr -- (nm) an arm, weapon; instrument, tool.
शस्त्रकार -- an armourer.
शस्त्रजीवी -- a professional soldier, serviceman.
शस्त्र-त्याग -- renouncing (the use of) arms, abandonment of the arms.
शस्त्रधारी -- a warrior; armed.
शस्त्र-प्रहार -- blow of a weapon.
शस्त्र-विद्या -- the science of arms, military science.
शस्त्रशाला -- armoury, arsenal.
शस्त्रसज्जित -- equipped with arms; armed.
शस्त्र-समर्पण -- surrender of arms.
शस्त्र डाल देना -- to surrender arms.
  • शस्त्रागार shastra:ga:r -- (nm) an armoury, arsenal.
  • शस्त्राभ्यास shashtra:bbhya:s -- (nm) practice of arms, military exercise.
  • शस्त्रास्त्र shastra:str -- (nm) arms (both used as missiles and for throwing).
शस्त्रास्त्र की होड़ -- race of arms.
  • शस्त्रीकरण shastri:karāṉ -- (nm) armament, (the act or process of) equipping with arms.
  • शस्त्रोपजी/वी shastropji:vi: -- (nm) a professional warrior/soldier; hence शस्त्रोपजीविता (nf).
  • शस्य shassy -- (nm) see सस्य.
  • शहंशा/ह shehansha:h -- (nm) an emperor, a king of kings.
शहंशाहियत -- regality, royal splendour, majestic ways.
शहंशाही -- majestic, regal, kingly; royalty, regality, regal ways.
  • शह sheh -- an allomorph of शाह (nf) instigation, incitement; a check(in chess).
शहज़ादा -- a prince.
शहज़ादी -- a princess.
शहज़ोर -- powerful; strong.
शहज़ोरी -- powerfulness, strength.
शहतूत -- the mulberry tree and itsfruit; caneapple.
शहबाला -- theyounger boy (esp. brother) whoaccompanies the bridegroom invarious wedding functions.
शहमात -- the conclusive check (in chess).
शहमात करना -- to render helpless.
शहसवार -- an adept horseman/rider.
शहसवारी -- horsemanship.
शह देना -- to incite; toapply a check.
  • शहतीर shehti:r -- (nm) a beam, girder.
  • शहद shehad -- (nm) honey; (a) very sweet.
शहद की छुरी -- a honey-tonguedcrook.
शहद की मक्खी -- a bee.
शहद घुलना, ज़बान में -- to be honey-tongued/sweet-spoken.
शहद लगाकर चाटना -- tobother overmuch for a vain thing; to be of no avail whatsoever, tobring no returns.
  • शहनाई shehna:i: -- (nf) a clarionet.
शहनाई बजना -- marriage celebrations to commence, marriage to besolemnized/performed.
  • शहर shehar -- (nm) a city, town.
शहरगश्त -- city patrol.
शहरपनाह -- citywalls.
शहर-बाहर -- exiled/expelled fromthe city.
शहर-ब-शहर -- from one city toanother.
शहरबाश -- a citizen, city-dweller.
शहर की दाई -- a hear-all tell-allwoman.
शहर की हवा लगना -- (in aderogatory sense) to becomeurbanised, to be affected byurbanity/urban sophistication/urban selfishness.
  • शहरी shehri: -- (a) urban, belonging/pertaining to the city/town; sophisticated; (nm) resident ofa city (as opposed to rural folk).
शहरीकरण -- urbanization.
शहरीकृत -- urbanized.
  • शहवत shehvat -- (nf) sexual lust.
शहवतपरस्त -- sexy, lustful.
शहवतपरस्ती -- sexuality, lustfulness.
शहवत होना -- to behot with lust.
  • शहादत shaha:dat -- (nf) evidence; martyrdom.
शहादत देना -- to tender/giveevidence.
  • शहाना shaha:nā: -- (a) princely, regal, majestic.
  • शहीद shahi:d -- (a and nm) (a) martyr.
शहीद-दिवस -- a martyr's day.
शहीद होना -- to be martyred, to die as amartyr.
  • शहीदी shahi:di: -- (a) ready to be martyred, pertaining to a martyr.
  • शांकव shā:nkav -- (a) conic(al).
  • शांत sha:nt -- (a) peaceful/pacific; still; silent, quiet, quiescent, tranquil, unperturbed.
शांतचित्त -- unperturbed, having tranquillityof mind; of peaceful disposition; hence शांतचित्तता (nf).
शांतचेता -- calm, resolute, quiescent.
शांतमना -- see शांतचित्त.
शांत करना -- to pacify, to quietdown.
शांत होना -- to be quiet/tranquil; to die.
शांत रहना -- to keep one'shead; to keep quiet, to be silent.
  • शांति sha:nti -- (nf) peace; calmness, quiet, tranquillity, quietude; silence.
शांति और व्यवस्था -- law andorder.
शांतिकर/कारी -- pacificatory/pacifying; affording peace/tranquillity; tranquillizing.
शांतिकाम -- peace-loving, pacific.
शांतिकाल -- peace-time.
शांतिदाता -- pacifier; affording peace.
शांतिदायक/दायी -- pacifying, tranquillizing.
शांति-पाठ -- recitation ofVedic peace-hymns; scripturalrecitation for general and individual peace.
शांतिप्रद -- same as शांतिदायक.
शांतिप्रिय -- peace-loving, peaceable; hence शांतिप्रियता (nf).
शांति-भंग -- breach of peace, eruption ofdisturbances.
शांतिमय -- peaceful, peaceable.
शांतिरक्षक -- soldiers ordefenders of peace.
शांति-रक्षा -- maintenance of peace, defence ofpeace.
शांतिवादिता/शांतिवाद -- pacifism.
शांतिवादी -- a pacifist; pacific.
शांति-वार्ता -- peace negotiation.
शांति-संधि -- peacetreaty.
शांति-सम्मेलन -- peace conference.
शांति-स्थापना -- establishment/restorationof peace, pacification.
  • शाइस्तगी sha:istagi: -- (nf) civility; gentility, modesty.
  • शाइस्ता sha:ista: -- (a) civil, modest; polite, gentle.
  • शाक sha:k -- (nm) vegetable.
  • शाकाहा/र sha:ka:ha:r -- (nm) vegetarian diet/food.
शाकाहारी -- a vegetarian.
  • शाक्त sha:kt -- (a and nm) pertaining to शाक्ति a worshipper of शाक्ति.
  • शाख sha:ḳḥ -- (nf) a branch, twig, bough; an offshoot; lineage.
शाख निकलना -- emergence of an offshoot/something novel; faults toappear.
शाख निकलना -- to find faults; growing of an offshoot; to producesomething novel.
शाख लगाना -- growingof a branch; developing of a fault.
  • शाखा sha:kha: -- (nf) a branch; offshoot; sect.
शाखा कार्यालय -- branch office.
शाखा नगर -- a satellite town, suburban town.
शाखा नदी -- a distributory.
  • शाखा sha:ḳḥa: -- (nf) a twig, branch.
  • शाखोच्चार sha:khochcha:r -- (nm) citation of the genealogiesof the bride and the groom atthe time of wedding by theirrespective priests.
  • शागि/र्द sha:gird -- (nf) pupil, disciple; an apprentice.
शागिर्दी -- pupilage, discipleship; apprenticeship.
  • शाजोनादिर sha:zonā:dir -- (ind) sometimes, once in a while.
  • शातिर sha:tir -- (a) cunning, crooked, guileful, vile.
  • शाद sha:d -- (a) delighted, full of joy, happy.
शादमान -- happy, delighted, pleased.
  • शादी sha:di: -- (nf) marriage, wedding.
शादी-ब्याह -- wedding and other.
  • शान sha:n -- (nf) magnificence, splendour, grandeur; pomp; atouchstone; whetting.
शानची -- boastful; a brag, braggadocio.
शानदार -- magnificent; pompous, splendid, grand.
शान-शौक़त -- pomp and show, grandeur and splendour.
शान चढ़ाना -- towhet, to give pointedness/intensity.
शान दिखाना -- to do the grand.
शान धरना -- to whet, to sharpen.
शान बघारना/मारना -- to give oneself airs, to ride thehigh horse; to boast, to brag.
शान बरसना -- to look grand or grandlyimpressive, to be a picture ofgrandeur.
शान-बान -- grandeur, magnificence; pomp and show.
शान में, किसी की -- undermining the honour/prestige of (as उनकी शान में ऐसी बात नहीं कहनी चाहिए थी).
शान में फ़र्क आना -- one's honour/prestige to be undermined/jeopardised.
शान में बट्टा लगना -- afair name to be tarnished.
  • शानियल >sha:niyal -- >(a) >see >शान(शानियलची).
  • शाप sha:p -- (nm) a curse, an imprecation.
शापग्रस्त -- accursed, afflicted through a curse; hence शापग्रस्तता( nf).
शाप-निवृत्ति/मोक्ष -- liberated fromthe effect of a curse.
शाप देना -- to curse, to imprecate.
  • शापित sha:pit -- (a) cursed, accursed, imprecated.
  • शाबाश sha:ba:sh -- (int) bravo! well done! excellent; attaboy.
  • शाबाशी sha:ba:shi: -- (nf) applause, praise.
शाबाशी देना -- to applaud.
  • शा/ब्द, शाब्दी sha:bd, ~bdi: -- (a) pertaining to a word/sound; literal, verbal; vocal.
  • शाब्दीक sha:bdik -- (a) verbal, vocal; superficial; literal/literalistic.
शाब्दीक अनुवाद -- literal translation.
शाब्दीक अर्थ -- literal meaning.
  • शाब्दिकता sha:bdikta: -- (nf) verbatism; literalism, literality.
  • शाम sha:m -- (nf) evening, dusk.
शाम की सुबह करना -- to keep awake the whole night.
शाम-सुबह करना -- to evade, to shirk, to dilly-dally.
  • शामत sha:mat -- (nf) misfortune, ill-luck, affliction.
शामतज़दा -- ill-fated; unfortunate, unlucky.
शामत श्राना/शामत-सिर पर सवार होना -- to be in for anaffliction, to be in the grip ofmisfortune.
शामत का मारा -- ill-fated, unlucky, afflicted.
  • शामती sha:mati: -- (a) ill-fated, unlucky, unfortunate.
  • शामियाना sha:miyā:nā: -- (nm) a canopy.
  • शामिल sha:mil -- (a) included, associated, connected; annexed, united.
शामिल करना -- to include, to associate; to annex; to unite.
शामिल होना -- to join, toparticipate, to be included/associated.
  • शामिलात sha:mila:t -- (nf) joint property; partnership.
  • शामिलाती sha:mila:ti: -- (a) joint, held jointly in partnership.
  • शायक sha:yak -- (nm) an arrow.
  • शायद sha:yad -- (ind) perhaps, probably, possibly.
  • शाय/र sha:yar -- (nm) a poet.
शायराना -- poetic, befitting a poet.
शायरी -- poetry, poetic composition.
  • शाया sha:ya: -- (a) published, brought to light.
शाया करना -- to publish, to bring to light.
  • शायिका sha:ika: -- (nf) a sleeper berth.
  • शायित sha:it -- (a) sleeping, lying.
  • शारद sha:rad -- (a) autumnal; born, produced in or pertaining toautumn; also शारदी, शारदीय (a).
  • शारदां sha:rda: -- (nf) Saraswati:-the goddess of learning; an ancientIndian script prevalent in thetenth century A.D. in the Punjab.
  • शारदीया sha:radi:ya: -- (a) autumnal, pertaining or belonging to theautumn.
  • शारीर sha:ri:r -- (nm) Anatomy; (a) anatomical, corporeal.
शारीर तत्त्व -- physical/corporeal/anatomical etcment.
शारीर विघा/शास्त्र -- (the science of) Anatomy.
शारीरशास्त्रीय -- anatomical.
  • शारीरिक sha:ri:rik -- (a) physical, bodily, corporeal; concrete.
शारीरिक अभ्यास/व्यायाम -- physical exercise.
शारीरिक शिक्षा -- physical education.
  • शार्दूल sha:rdu:l -- (nm) a tiger.
  • शाल sha:l -- (nf) a shawl; the sal tree.
शालग्राम -- sacred stoneworshipped by the Vaishnavas andsupposed to be pervaded by thepresence of Vishnu (it is blackstone containing fossil ammonite).
  • शाला sha:la: -- (nf) a house, residence; school; suffixed as the secondmember in compound words todenote a place dedicated to ormeant for a particular purpose(as पाठशाला, धर्मशाला).
  • शाली sha:li: -- used as an adjectival suffix to mean one who or thatwhich has or possesses (e.g.बलशाली, संपत्तिशाली, etc.).
  • शालीन sha:li:n -- (a) modest, gentle, well-behaved, cultured.
शालीनता -- modesty, gentleness, politeness.
  • शावक sha:vak -- (nm) young one of an animal.
  • शाश्वत sha:shvat -- (a) eternal, immortal, perpetual; permanent.
शाश्वतता -- eternity, perpetuality, immortality; permanence.
  • शासक sha:sak -- (nm) a ruler; king; master.
शासक-वर्ग -- ruling group.
शासक-समाज -- the ruling society.
  • शासकीय sha:saki:y -- (a) governmental, administrative, public.
शासकीय क्षेत्र -- public sector.
  • शासन sha:san -- (nm) government, administration; rule; command.
शासनकर्त्ता -- a ruler, administrator.
शासन-तंत्र -- polity, system of government; government, regime.
शासन-पत्र -- governmental decree; white paper.
शासन-पद्धति/प्रणाली -- polity, system ofgovernment.
शासन-व्यवस्था -- government, system of government.
  • शासनांतर्गत sha:sanā:ntargat -- (a) under the government/administration.
  • शासनाधीन sha:sanā:dhi:n -- (a) see शासनांतर्गत.
  • शासनिक sha:sanik -- (a) governmental, administrative.
  • शासित sha:sit -- (a) governed, ruled; administered.
  • शासी sha:si: -- (a) governing.
शासीमंडल -- governing body.
  • शास्ति sha:sti -- (nf) a sanction, consideration operating to enforce obedience to any rule of conduct.
  • शास्त्र sha:str -- (nm) scripture(s), a religious or scientific treatise, acomposition of divine or secularauthority; science; a discipline; literature of knowledge.
शास्त्रकार -- the author of a shastra.
शास्त्र-चर्चा -- study and discussion on shastras.
शास्त्र-चिंतक -- a learned man, one whoreflects and deliberates on shastras.
शास्त्रज्ञ -- one who is well-versedin shastras.
शास्त्र-ज्ञान -- knowledge of ashastra or the shastras.
शास्त्रदर्शी -- see शास्त्रज्ञ.
शास्त्र-दृष्टि -- scriptural point ofview; viewpoint peculiar to adiscipline.
शास्त्र-प्रवक्ता -- a spokesman ofthe scriptures (shastras) or a discipline.
शास्त्रवर्जित -- forbidden by thescriptures (शास्त्र).
शास्त्र-विधान -- a precept.
  • शास्त्रनुमोदित sha:stra:numodit -- (a) approved of or commended by the scriptures.
  • शास्त्रानुशीलन sha:stra:nushi:lan -- (nm) deliberation upon or study of the scriptures (शास्त्र).
  • शास्त्रार्थ sha:stra:rth -- (nm) discussion, contention or debate on the scriptures (शास्त्र); the purport or meaning of the scriptures (शास्त्र).
  • शास्त्री sha:stri: -- (a) see शस्त्रज्ञ (nm) a scholar of or authority on the scriptures (or shastras).
  • शास्त्रीय sha:stri:y -- (a) scriptural; academic; scientific, disciplinary; classical.
शास्त्रीय ज्ञान -- academic knowledge; bookish knowledge.
शास्त्रीय संगीत -- classical music.
  • शास्त्रोक्त sha:strokt -- (a) as ordained by the shastras/scriptures; as laid down in a discipline.
  • शाहंशा/ह shahānsha:h -- (nm) an emperor, a monarch; (a) very liberal.
शाहंशाहियत -- royal grandeur; majestic conduct.
शाहंशाही -- monarchical, royal; royalty; the royal throne or the duties thereof.
  • शाह sha:h -- (nm) a king; the king in playing cards or in chess; master; title of Mohammedan fakirs.
शाह-ए-वक्त -- the contemporary ruler.
शाहकार -- a masterpiece.
शाहख़र्च -- a spendthrift, extravagant.
शाहख़र्ची -- extravagance, spending with an open hand.
शाहज़ादा -- a prince.
शाहज़ादी -- a princess.
शाह-जी -- a title ofMohammedan fakirs; now a common mode of address in north India, more particularly amongst the Panja:bi:s.
शाहबलूत -- the oak (tree).
शाहबाला -- see शह शाह(बाला).
शाहराह -- a highway.
शाहसवार -- see शह (शाहसवार).
  • शाहाना sha:ha:nā: -- (a) kingly, royal, regal, magnificent.
शाहाना जोड़ा -- the nuptial suit worn by the bride-groom.
शाहाना मिज़ाज -- lordly/regal temperament.
  • शाही sha:hi: -- (a) royal, regal, majestic; used as a suffix to denote a system (as नौकरशाही, दफ़्तरशाही); liberal.
  • शिंजिनी shiṇjinī: -- (nf) the bow-string.
  • शिकं/जा shikaṇja: -- (nm) a clamp, pressing appliance; clasp, grasp, clutches.
शिकंजा कसना -- to tighten the grasp.
शिकंजे में खींचना -- to torture.
शिकंजे में जकड़ना -- to hold tight in one's grasp.
शिकंजे में फँसना -- to fall into the clutches (of).
  • शिकन shikan -- (nf) wrinkle, shrivel; crease.
शिकन न पड़ना -- to show no grouse whatever.
  • शिकमी shikmī: -- (a) inherent, instinctive; (nm) sub-tenant (of a holding).
शिकमी काश्तकार -- a sub-tenant (of a lease), sub-lessee.
  • शिकवा shikva: -- (nm) a grudge, grouse, grievance.
शिकवा-शिकायत -- grudge, grievances and complaints.
  • शिकस्त shikast -- (nf) defeat.
शिकस्त खाना -- to suffer defeat.
शिकस्त देना -- to (inflict a) defeat.
  • शिकस्ता shikasta: -- (a) broken, devastated.
  • शिकायत shika:it, ~yat -- (nf) a complaint, grievance; accusation, backbiting.
शिकायत की किताब -- complaint book; ailment.
शिकायतन -- by way of complaint, as a complaint.
शिकायत करना -- to complain; to backbite.
  • शिकायती shika:iti: -- (a) containing a complaint or grievance; (nm) a complainant.
  • शिकार shika:r -- (nm) a victim, prey.
शिकारगाह -- hunting ground/resort.
शिकार की टट्टी -- small camouflage of a hunter.
शिकार करना -- to hunt, to prey; to trap.
शिकार खेलना -- to go hunting.
शिकार हाथ से जातारहना/निकल जाना -- a bird to fly away.
शिकार होना -- to fall a victim/prey (to).
  • शिकारा shika:ra: -- (nm) a long (partly covered) boat, house-boat.
  • शिकारी shika:ri: -- (a and nm) hunting; a hunter, huntsman.
शिकारी कुत्ता -- a hound.
शिकारी जानवर -- an animal thatkills others for food.
शिकारी-पक्षी -- a bird of prey.
  • शिक्ष/क shikshak -- (nm) a teacher.
शिक्षकवर्ग/समाज -- teaching class/community.
शिक्षकीय -- of or pertaining to a teacher/the teacher-community.
  • शिक्षण shikshāṉ -- (nm) teaching, instruction, education; (a) academic, educational.
शिक्षण-कला -- the art of teaching शिक्षण-वृत्ति/व्यवसाय teaching profession.
शिक्षण-संस्था -- educational institution; hence शिक्षणीय (a).
  • शिक्षा shiksha: -- (nf) education, instruction; teaching; moral.
शिक्षा-दीक्षा -- education and initiation; education in general.
शिक्षा-पद्धति -- system of education.
शिक्षा-परिषद् -- academiccouncil.
शिक्षा-प्रणाली -- see शिक्षा-पद्धति.
शिक्षाप्रद -- educative; instructive, imparting a moral; hence शिक्षाप्रदता (nf).
शिक्षा मंत्रालय -- Ministry of Education.
शिक्षा मंत्री -- Minister for Education.
शिक्षा-विधि -- method of teaching.
शिक्षा-विभाग -- department of Education.
शिक्षा-वृत्ति -- fellowship.
शिक्षा-व्यवस्था -- academicset-up, educational system.
शिक्षा-शास्त्र -- the science of Education; Pedagogy.
शिक्षाशास्त्रीय -- pedagogical.
  • शिक्षार्थी shiksha:rthi: -- (nm) a student; pupil.
  • शिक्षालय shiksha:lay -- (nm) a school, educational institution.
  • शिक्षित shikshit -- (a) educated.
  • शिक्षु shikshu -- (nm) an apprentice.
शिक्षुता -- apprenticeship.
  • शिखंडी shikhaṉḍi: -- (nm) a typical fighter in the Maha:bha:rat whowas supposed to be a woman inhis previous birth and who hadvowed to wreak vangeance on thegreat old warrior-Bhi:shm Pita:mah; an impotent man, eunuch.
  • शिखर shikhar -- (nm) a peak, top, summit, pinnacle; vortex, apex.
शिखर-सम्मेलन -- a summit conference.
  • शिखा shikha: -- (nf) a tuft or distinctive lock of hair on the crown of the head, traditionally worn bythe Hindus, a top-knot; a pointed flame; the crown of a cockor peacock; apex.
  • शिखी shikhi: -- (nm) a peacock.
  • शिगु/फ़्ता shigufta: -- (a) blooming, happy, delighted.
शिगुफ़्तगी -- bloom; happiness, delightedness.
  • शिगूफ़ा shigu:fa: -- (nm) a bud, blossom; a titbit, an anecdote; queer utterance.
शिगूफ़ा खिलाना -- to cause ascene; to make a queer utterance; to let off a squib.
शिगूफ़ा-छोड़ना -- to letoff squib.
  • शिताबी shita:bi: -- (a) hasty, making hurry, rash.
शिताबीपन -- hastiness, rashness.
  • शिथिल shithil -- (a) loose, lax; slow, tardy, languid; slack; weary; not.
  • शिथिलता shithilata: -- (nf) looseness, laxity, lassitude; weariness, tardiness, slackness; flaccidity.
  • शिथिलित shithilit -- (a) loosened, lax; slowed, slackened, wearied, fatigued, exhausted.
  • शिथिली/करण shithili:karāṉ -- (nm) the act or process of becoming or rendering loose/wearied/exhausted/slack/flaccid/tardy; hence शिथिलीकृत (a).
  • शिद्दत shiddat -- (nf) difficulty; severity; intensity; vehemence.
शिद्दत से -- with difficulty.
  • शिना/ख़्त shina:ḳḥt -- (nf) identification; hence शिनाख़्ती (a).
  • शिफ़ा shifa: -- (nf) see शफ़ा.
शिफ़ाख़ाना -- see शफ़ाखाना under 'शफ़ा'.
  • शिफ़्ट shifṭ -- (nm) a shift.
शिफ़्टवार -- by shifts.
  • शिया shiya: -- (nm) one of the two major sects of the Muslims.
  • शिरःपीड़ा shirahpī:ṛa: -- (nf) headache.
  • शिरःशूल shirahshu:l -- (nm) see शिरःपीड़ा.
  • शिर shir -- (nm) the head.
शिर-व्यवच्छेद/व्यवच्छेदन -- beheading, chopping off the head.
शिरस्त्राण -- headwear, head-dress.
  • शिरकत shirkat -- (nf) partnership; participation.
शिरकतनामा -- partnership deed.
शिरकत करना -- to participate.
  • शिरकती shirkati: -- (a) joint, combined; (in) partnership.
  • शिरस्थ shirasth -- (a) top, leading, outstanding.
  • शिरा shira: -- (nf) a vein.
शिरा-जाल -- veinous system.
  • शिरोधार्य shirodha:ry -- (a) worthy of respect or to be respected, to be greatly honoured.
  • शिरोबिंदु shirobindu -- (nm) zenith; acme, pinnacle.
  • शिरोमणि shiromāṉi -- (nm) the most outstanding person; the chief (of) (as कवि-शिरोमणि); a jewel worn in a diadem or crown.
  • शिरोरेखा shirorekha: -- (nf) headline of the alphabet (as in Devna:gri:).
  • शिरोवर्ती shirovarti: -- (a) head, chief.
  • शिला shila: -- (nf) a rock, large piece of stone; foundation stone; cliff.
शिलामुद्रक -- lithographer.
शिलामुद्रण -- lithograph.
शिलालिपि/लेख -- (rock) inscription, petrograph.
  • शिलान्यास shila:nnya:s -- (nm) laying the foundation/foundation stone.
  • शिलिंग shilīṅg -- (nm) a shilling (British currency).
  • शिल्प shilp -- (nm) craft; architecture.
शिल्प-कला -- technology; craft.
शिल्पकार/शिल्पज्ञ -- a craftsman; an architect.
शिल्पकारिता/कारी/शिल्प-कौशल -- craftsmanship.
शिल्पजीवी -- a craftsman, anartisan.
शिल्प-विद्या -- technology; craft; architecture.
शिल्प-विद्यालय -- a school forcrafts.
शिल्प-विधि -- technique.
शिल्पविधिज्ञ -- technician.
शिल्पवैज्ञानिक -- a technologist; technological.
शिल्पशाला -- aworkshop; school for teachingcrafts/technology.
शिल्प-संघ -- craft union.
  • शिल्पी shilpi: -- (nm) a craftsman; an artist; a sculptor.
  • शिव shiv -- (nm) one of the divine trio (ब्रह्मा, विष्णु and महेश) of theHindus; the good; well-being, welfare; (a) happy; auspicious.
शिवभक्त -- a devotee of Lord Shiv.
शिवभक्ति -- devotion to Lord Shiv.
शिवरात्रि -- a Hindu festival observedon the fourteenth day of the darkhalf of the month of Ma:gh.
शिवलिंग -- phallus—worshipped as.
  • शिव/ता, ~shivata: -- (nf), ~ttv (nm) the good; well-being.
  • शिवालय shiva:lay -- (nm) a temple of Shiv.
  • शिवाला shiva:la: -- (nm) see शिवालय.
  • शिविका shivika: -- (nf) a palanquin.
  • शिविर shivir -- (nm) a camp, tent.
  • शिशि/र shishir -- (nm) the winter.
शिशिरांत -- the end of winter.
  • शिशु shishu -- (nm) an infant; a baby; child.
शिशु-कल्याण -- child welfare.
शिशु-कल्याण केंन्द्र -- child welfare centre.
शिशुगृह -- a nursery.
शिशुघात/ शिशुघातक -- infanticide.
शिशु-पक्षाघात -- infantileparalysis.
शिशुपालन -- rearing ofchildren.
शिशुपालन-गृह -- a nursery.
शिशु-बलि -- child sacrifice.
शिशुहत्या -- infanticide.
शिशु-हत्यारा -- infanticide.
  • शिशु/ता shishuta: -- (nf).
शिशुत्व ~ -- ttv (nm) childhood, infantilism.
  • शिश्न shishn -- (nm) penis, phallus, male genital organ.
शिश्नदेव -- worshippers of the phallus deity.
  • शिष्ट shishṭ -- (a) civilised, courteous, gentle, decent, well-behaved.
शिष्टमंडल -- a delegation; deputation.
शिष्ट-सभा -- civil council.
शिष्ट-समाज -- civilisedsociety.
  • शिष्टता shisṭata: -- (nf) civility, courteousness, gentleness, goodbehaviour, decency.
शिष्टता के नाते -- outof courtesy/decency.
  • शिष्टाचार shisṭa:cha:r -- (nm) etiquette; courtesy, decency.
शिष्टाचार के नाते -- out ofcourtesy/etiquette.
  • शिष्टाचा/री shishṭa:cha:ri: -- (a) courteous, well-behaved, decent in manners, cultured and refined; hence शिष्टाचारिता (nf).
  • शिष्य shishy -- (nm) a pupil, disciple; student.
शिष्यता/त्व -- pupilage, discipleship; studentship.
शिष्यपरंपरा -- discipular lineage/tradition; hence शिष्या (nf).
  • शिस्त shist -- (nf) alignment; a finger-tip.
शिस्त बाँधना -- to align.
  • शीआ shi:a: -- (nm) see शिया.
  • शीघ्र shi:gghr -- (adv) immediately, soon, urgently; promptly, quickly, rapidly, sharp(ly), hurriedly, speedily.
शीघ्रगामी/गति -- speedy, fast(moving).
शीघ्रपात -- quick ejaculation(in sexual intercourse).
  • शीघ्रता shi:gghrata: -- (nf) quickness, rapidity, promptitude; hurry, haste/hastiness.
शीघ्रता करना -- to expedite, to hasten, to make haste.
  • शीत shi:t -- (a) cold, frigid, chilly; (nm) the winter.
शीत कटिबंध -- frigidzone.
शीतकर/कारी -- cooling orcausing coolness; the moon.
शीतकाल -- the winter season.
शीतकालीन -- winter; pertaining to the winter season; hence शीतता (nf).
शीत-प्रधान -- cold.
शीत युद्ध -- cold war.
शीत लहर -- a cold wave.
  • शीतक shi:tak -- (a) causing coolness; freezing.
  • शीतल shi:tal -- (a) cool; cold, frigid.
शीतलता -- coolness; coldness, frigidity.
शीतलपाटी -- a thin smooth matprepared from cane.
  • शीतला shi:tala: -- (nf) small-pox.
  • शीतोष्ण shitoshṉ -- (a) temperate, moderate.
शीतोष्ण जलवायु -- moderateclimate.
शीतोष्णता -- temperateness, moderateness.
  • शीत्कार shi:tka:r -- (nf) the sound of shi:shi: (supposed to indicate thethrill of intense pleasure or agonyof severe pain).
  • शीन shi:n -- (a) frozen, congealed; a letter of the Arbic script.
शीन-काफ़दुरूस्त न होना -- not to have a flawless pronuciation.
  • शी/र shi:r -- (nm) a python; milk.
शीर-शकर -- milk and sugar.
होजाना -- to get inseparably intermixed(like milk and sugar), to developextreme intimacy, to become onewith each other.
  • शीरा shi:ra: -- (nm) syrup; molasses.
  • शीराज़ा shi:ra:za: -- (nm) the stitching of the back of a book; organisation, integration.
शीराज़ाबंदी -- stitchingof the printed forms of a book.
शीराज़ा बिखरना -- to get disintegrated, tobe diffused.
  • शीरीं shi:rī: -- (a) sweet; lovely; (nf) the celebrated beloved of Farha:d.
शीरींकलाम/ज़बान -- sweet-spoken.
शीरींवयान -- sweet-spoken.
शीरींबयानी -- sweet speech.
  • शीर्ण shi:rṉ -- (a) broken; worn out; crushed, shattered; decayed.
शीर्णता -- broken or shattered condition, decay; wearing out.
  • शीर्ष shi:rsh -- (nm) the head; top, summit; apex; line; headline; deck.
शीर्षच्छेद/च्छेदन -- beheading, chopping off the head.
शीर्षत्राण -- headwear, head-dress.
शीर्ष बिंदु -- thetop, the apex.
शीर्ष समाचार -- headline(news).
शीर्षस्थ -- top; leading, supreme; head, chief.
शीर्ष स्थान -- top(position); head.
शीर्षस्थानीय -- top; leading, supreme.
  • शीर्षक shi:rshak -- (nm) a title, heading.
  • शीर्षासन shi:rsha:san -- (nm) a yogic posture wherein one stands uprighton one's head.
  • शील shi:l -- (nm) modesty; piety, virtue, moral conduct; chastity; (mental) disposition; used as asuffix to denote natural oracquired disposition of aptitude (as प्रगतिशील, क्रोधशील, etc.).
शील-त्याग -- abandonment of modesty.
शीलधारी -- well-behaved, modest.
शील-भंग -- outrage of modesty.
शीलवर्जित -- devoid of modesty/moral conduct.
शील तोड़ना -- to become harsh, to beblunt; to outrage the modesty(of).
शील न होना -- to have no modesty.
शील निभाना -- to stick to one's owndisposition; to be good inspite ofprovocation; to retain one'smodesty.
  • शील/वान shi:lvā:n -- (a) modest; well-behaved, urbane, of good moral character, pious, virtuous; hence शीलवती feminine form.
  • शीश shi:sh -- (nm) the head; an allomorph of शीशा used as thefirst member in compound words.
शीश-ए-दिल -- heart—as brittle as glass.
शीशफूल -- a head ornament.
शीशमहल -- apalace fitted with mirrors allround.
शीशमहल में बंदर -- a bull in Chinashop.
शीश झुकाना/नवाना -- to bow (inreverence/deference/obeisance).
  • शीशम shishām -- (nf) the Indian rose-wood tree—Dalbergia sisso.
  • शी/शा shi:sha: -- (nf) glass, a mirror, looking glass.
शीशे में उतारना -- toconfine (a ghost etc.) into aglass bottle; to bring under control.
शीशे में मुँह तो देखो -- lit. have alook at yourself in the lookingglass—Damn it ! You don'tdeserve it; what nonsense!.
  • शीशी shi:shi: -- (nf) a small bottle, a phial, a vial.
शीशी सुँघाना -- to rendersenseless.
  • शुंड shūṉḍ -- (nm) the trunk of an elephant.
  • शुक shuk -- (nm) a parrot.
शुकनास/नासिका -- having a parrot-like nose.
  • शुक्ति shukti -- (nf) an oyster, a pearl oyster.
शुक्ति-तट -- oyster-bank, oyster-bed.
  • शुक्र shukkr -- (nm) semen; (the planet).
  • शुक्राचार्य Shukkra:cha:ry -- (nm) mythologically, the preceptor of the A suras (demons)—opposite number of बृहस्पति in the demoniccamp; one-eyed person.
  • शुक्राणु shukkrā:ṉū -- (nm) a spermato-zoon.
  • शुक्राना shukra:nā: -- (nm) thanks-offering—money paid by a client to one's legal counsel (and hisclerks) over and above the usualremuneration (for winning acase).
  • शक्राशय shukkra:shay -- (nm) the vesicular seminalis.
  • शुक्रिया shukriya: -- (nm) thanks (giving), (expression of) gratitude; (int) thanks !, thank you !.
शुक्रिया अदाकरना -- to thank.
  • शुक्ल shukl -- (a) white, clean; (nm) a sub-division of Bra:hmaṉs.
शुक्ल पक्ष -- the moonlit half of a lunarmonth.
  • शुग़ल shug̣al -- (nm) hobby; fun; avocation.
शुग़ल करना -- to have fun.
  • शुचि shuchi -- (a) pure, sacred, virtuous; clean.
शुचिता/त्व -- purity, sanctity; virtuousness; clean(li) ness.
  • शुतुरमुर्ग़ shuturmurg̣ -- (nm) an ostrich.
  • शुदा shuda: -- used as an adjectival suffix to impart the meaning of'that which has been (performed) or is accompanied by' (as रजिस्ट्रीशुदा, शादीशुदा).
  • शुदि shudi -- (ind) see सुदी.
  • शुद्दा shudda: -- (nm) hardened faeces (on account of lack of lubrication in the bowels).
  • शुद्ध shuddh -- (a) pure; unadulterated; sacred; uncorrupt; correct; rectified, amended; clean; natural(note—in music); net (as शुद्ध लाभ).
शुद्धगतिविज्ञान -- kinematics.
शुद्धमति -- honest, scrupulous, straight-forward.
शुद्धहृदय -- clean, clean-hearted; hence शुद्धहृदयता (nf).
  • शद्ध/ता, शद्धत्व shuddhata: -- (nf), ~ttv (nm) purity; sacredness; state ofbeing unadulterated/uncorrupted; correctness; rectification; cleanliness; naturality of a note (inmusic).
  • शद्धचार/वाद shuddha:cha:rva:d -- (nm) puritanism.
शद्धचारवादी -- a puritan; puritanic.
  • शद्धात्मा shuddha:tmā: -- (a) virtuous, noble, clean at heart.
  • शुद्धाद्वैत/वाद shuddha:dvaitva:d -- (nm) philosophical doctrine propounded by the mediaeval saint-philosoper Vallabha:cha:ry whobelieved in the माया-free (शुद्ध) non-dualistic element as the UltimateReality; hence शुद्धाद्वैतवादी (a, nm).
  • शुद्धि shuddhi -- (nf) purity; correction; correctness; rectification; purification.
शुद्धि-पत्र -- corrigendum; errata.
शुद्धि-संस्कार -- purificatory rite.
  • शुद्धी/करण shuddhi:karāṉ -- (nm) purification; purgation; rectification; hence शुद्धीकृत (a).
  • शुभ shubh -- (a) auspicious; good; (nm) the good, well-being.
शुभ कर्म -- agood deed.
शुभकामनाएँ -- goodwishes.
शुभ ग्रह -- an auspicious/favourable star.
शुभचिंतक -- a well-wisher.
शुभदर्शन -- good looking; ofauspicious aspect.
शुभ मुहूर्त -- auspicious moment/instant.
शुभ शकुन -- agood omen.
शुभ संदेश -- good news.
  • शुभाकांक्षी shubha:kā:ṅkshi: -- (nm and a) (a) well-wisher; well-wishing.
  • शुभागमन shubha:gamān -- (nm) welcome, welcome arrival.
  • शुभाशीर्वाद shubha:shi:rva:d -- (nm) blessings, benediction.
  • शुभाशीष shubha:shi:sh -- (nm) see शुभाशीर्वाद.
  • शुभाशुभ shubha:shubh -- (a) good and evil; pleasant and unpleasant; agreeable and disagreeable.
शुभाशुभ फल -- good and evil result.
  • शुभेच्छु shubhechchu -- (a and nm) well-wishing, well-wisher, one who wishes well.
  • शुभैषी shubhaishi: -- (a and nm) well-wishing; well-wisher, one who wishes well.
  • शुभ्र shubbhr -- (a) radiant, shining; clear, spotless (as कीर्ति); bright-coloured; white.
शुभ्रता -- radiance; spotlessness; whiteness, brightness.
  • शुमार shuma:r -- (nm) counting accounting; computing; calculation; numbering.
शुमार करना -- to count; to take into account.
शुमार में न रहना, शुमार-में न होना -- to be countless; to beunaccountable.
शुमार में न लाना -- toignore, not to take into account; hence शुमारी (as in मर्दुमशुमारीcensus).
  • शुमा/ल shuma:l -- (nm) left hand; the north.
शुमाली -- northern.
  • शुरू shuru: -- (nm) beginning, commencement.
शुरू करना -- to begin, to commence, to initiate.
शुरू होना -- tobe commenced, to be initiated.
  • शुरूआत shuru:a:t -- (nf) beginning, commencement; initiation.
शुरूआत करना -- to make a beginning, to initiate.
शुरूआत होना -- to be commenced, to beinitiated.
  • शुल्क shulk -- (nm) fee; subscription; duty.
शुल्क-दर -- tariff.
शुल्क-पद्धति -- tariff (system).
शुल्कमुक्त -- duty free.
शुल्क , वार्षिक -- annual subscription.
  • शुश्रूषा shushru:sha: -- (nf) attendance, nursing.
  • शुष्क shushk -- (a) dry/dried; withered, parched; arid; emaciated; tedious(as शुष्क कार्य); prosaic; unfeeling; hard.
शुष्कता -- dryness; parchedcondition; aridity; witheredness; emaciatedness/emaciation; tediumprosaicness; unfeeling temperament; hardness.
शुष्क व्यवहार -- unfeelingdry behaviour.
  • शूक shu:k -- (nm) a bristle.
  • शूकर shu:kar -- (nm) a boar, hog, pig.
  • शूटिंग shu:ṭiṅg -- (nf) shooting (of a movie film etc.).
  • शु/द्र shu:ddr -- (nm) a member of the fourth of the four originalclasses or castes in the traditionalhierarchical set-up of the Hindusociety; hence शुद्रा, शुद्राणी (nf).
  • शून्य shu:nny -- (a) empty, void; vacant (as शून्य दृष्टि); hollow; desolate; absent-minded; non-existent; (nm) a cipher, zero; void, voidance; vacunm, blank, emptiness; space; non-entity; absolute-non-existence.
शून्यक -- vacuum, void.
शून्यचित्त -- absent-minded, vacant-minded.
शून्यता/त्व -- emptiness; desolateness; absent-mindedness; nothingness; non-existence; illusory nature (of all worldly phenomena).
शून्य बिन्दु -- the mark of acipher, zero mark.
शून्य भाव -- emptiness, state of being empty; absent-mindedness.
शून्यमनस्क/मना -- absent-minded, vacant-minded; hence शून्यमनस्कता (nf).
शून्यवाद -- .
  • शून्यीकरण shu:nni:karāṉ -- (nm) evacuation; causing a void/vacuum; rendering blank.
  • शूर shu:r -- (a and nm) valiant, brave, heroic, gallant, mighty, valorous(man); a hero; warrior.
शूरता/त्व -- heroism, valour, bravery, gallantry.
शूरम्मन्य -- one who thinks him-self a hero.
शूर-वीर -- brave and valorous, hero, valiant.
शूरसेन -- mediaeval name of the territory lyingin and around Mathura:.
  • शूर्पणखा shu:rpaṉakha: -- (nf) the notorious sister of demon kingRa:vaṉ in the Rama:ya:ṉ whosenose was chopped off by Lakshmaṉ at the instance of Ra:m topunish her for her brazen sexualovertures; an ugly snub-nosedwoman.
  • शूल shu:l -- (nm) sharp or acute pain (esp. in the stomach); grief, sorrow; any sharp and pointedinstrument; a spear prong.
शूलधारी /पाणि -- wielding a spear; an epithetof Lord Shiv.
शूलहर -- removing orrelieving pain.
शूल उठना -- to sufferfrom sharp/acute pain.
शूल देना -- to inflict sorrow, to torment/torture.
  • शूलना shu:lnā: -- (v) to inflict pain/sorrow, to torture/torment.
  • श्रृंखला shrinkhala: -- (nf) a chain, fetters; series, order; range; connection; belt.
श्रृंखलाबद्ध -- systematic, orderly; bound by a chain or fetters; hence श्रृंखलाबद्धता (nf).
  • श्रृंखलित shrinkhalit -- (a) systematic, orderly; bound by chain or fetters; strunged together.
  • श्रृंग shriṅg -- (nm) top/summit (esp. of a mountain), peak; pinnacle, acme; horn (of an animal).
श्रृंगगी -- horned.
  • श्रृंगार shringa:r -- (nm) love, the erotic sentiment, sexual passion ordesire; elegant, make-up; adornment.
गीत -- amorous/amatory song—a song conveying erotic/amorousfeelings.
श्रृंगार-चेष्टा -- love/amorous gesture, indication of love throughgestures.
श्रृंगार रस -- one of the ninerasas श्रृंगार according to Indian Poetics, this one is the most comprehensive and extensive and is knownas रसराज (the king of rasas).
श्रृंगारात्मक -- amatory / amorous, erotic.
  • श्रृंगारी shriṅga:ri: -- (a) inspired by amorous passion/erotic feeling/love; disposed to prank/make-up.
  • श्रृगा/ल shriga:l -- (nm) a jackal; hence श्रृगाली (nf).
  • शेख sheḳḥ -- (nm) one of the four major sub-castes amongst muslims.
  • शेख़चिल्ली sheḳḥchilli: -- (nm) a conventional fool who builds castles in the air, a typical nitwit everliving in a fool's paradise.
शेख़चिल्ली के मनसूबे -- fantastic schemes.
  • शेखर shekhar -- (nm) the top or crown of the head.
  • शेख़ी sheḳḥi: -- (nf) boast, brag.
शेख़ीख़ोर/ख़ोरा/शेख़ीबाज़ -- boastful; abraggadocio, braggart, boaster.
शेख़ीबीज़ी -- boastfulness.
शेख़ी किरकरी होना शेख़ी झड़ना -- to be humiliated, all senseof boastfulness to be knockedoff.
शेख़ी बधारना / शेख़ी-मारना/ शेख़ी हाँकना -- toblow one's own horn, to boast, tobrag.
  • शेड sheḍ -- (nm) a shade; shed.
  • शेफाली shepha:li: -- (nf) Vitex negunda.
  • शेयर shear -- (nm) a share.
शेयर बाज़ार -- share market.
शेयरहोल्डर -- a share-holder.
  • शेर sher -- (nm) a lion; couplet (in Urdu poetry).
शेरदहाँ -- lion-mouthed, (a house) having the frontshaped like a lion's mouth.
शेरदिल -- with the heart of an oak, lion-hearted—brave, intrepid, fearless.
शेरनुमा -- formed like a lion, lionshaped.
शेरबच्चा -- young one of alion; fearless, intrepid.
शेरबबर -- alion.
शेर मर्द -- a masculine man, he-man, lion-like man.
शेर करना -- to causeto become fearless; to encouragetoo far.
शेर-की खाल में गधा -- an ass inlion's skin.
शेर की माँद में घुसना/हाथडालना -- to do a risky job, to do ajob involving pretty risk to life.
शेर के मुँह में जाना -- to undertake a riskof life; to face a hazard to life.
शेर के मुँह से शिकार छीन लेना -- to salvagesomebody from the jaws of death.
चहों का शिकार नहीं करता -- the eagledoesn't hawk at flies.
शेर बकरीका एकघाट पानी पीना -- to have rule of perfect equity; to have the sametreatment meted out to high andlow.
शेर होना -- to become too cheeky; to be encouraged too far.
  • शेरवानी sherwa:nī: -- (nf) a typical long-tight coat.
  • शेवाल sheva:l -- (nm) algae.
  • शेष shesh -- (a and nm) rest, remaining; outstanding; residue; balance, remainder.
शेषकाल -- the moment/time of death.
शेषनाग -- name of thecelebrated mythological thousand-headed serpent (regarded asan emblem of eternity).
शेषशायी -- Lord Vishṉū (who is supposed tosleep over the शेषनाग during intervals of creation).
  • शेषांश sheshā:nsh -- (nm) the remaining portion, remainder, residue.
  • शै shai -- (nf) a thing, article, object.
  • शैक्षणिक shaikshaṉik -- (a) of or pertaining to शिक्षण (teaching); academic.
शैक्षणिक दृष्टि से -- academically.
  • शैक्षिक shaikshik -- (a) academic, educational; scholastic.
शैक्षिक जगत -- academic world.
शैक्षिक व्यवस्था -- academic set-up.
  • शैतान shaita:n -- (nm) the Satan, devil; a mischief monger; (a) naughty; mischievous, guileful, wicked.
शैतानवाद -- satanism.
शैतान का बच्चा -- mischievous through and through, extremely guileful.
शैतान का लश्कर -- horde of mischief-mongers.
शैतान की आँत -- a tale that knows no end, any long-winding thing.
शैतान की आरती उतारना -- to hold a candle to thedevil.
शैतान की ख़ाला -- a quarrelsomewoman.
शैतान उतरना -- to be liberatedfrom a devilish obsession; to bepacified.
शैतान के कान काटना -- to outdoa devil in devilism.
शैतान (सिर पन)चढ़ना/सवार होना -- to be obsessedby a devilish passion; to be tooenraged.
  • शैतानी shaita:nī: -- (nf) naughtiness; mischievousness, wickedness.
शैतानी लश्कर -- a horde of mischief-mongers.
शैतानी हरक़त -- a devilish deed, mischief.
  • शैथिल्य shaithily -- (nm) looseness, laxity; lethargy; flaccidity, relaxation; unsteadiness; laches; negligence, inattention.
  • शैदा shaida: -- (a) love crazy, erotomaniac.
शैदाई -- lover, love-crazy.
  • शैल shail -- (nm) a rock; hill, mountain.
शैलराज -- the Himalayas.
शैल-संधि -- a valley; pass.
  • शैलि/की shailiki: -- (nf) petrology.
शैलिकीय -- petrological.
  • शोली shai:li: -- (nf) style; diction; manner, method.
शोलीकार -- a stylist.
शोलीबद्ध -- stylised.
शोलीविज्ञान -- stylistics.
  • शैलेंद्र shailēndr -- (nm) the Himalayas.
  • शैलेय shailey -- (a) rocky, craggy; hilly, mountainous.
  • शैव shaiv -- (nm) a worshipper/devotee of Lord Shiv; (a) pertaining or belonging to Lord Shiv.
  • शैवाल shaiva:l -- (nm) see शेवाल.
  • शैशव shaishav -- (nm) childhood; infancy; infantilism.
  • शोक shok -- (nm) sorrow, grief; condolence.
शोक-गीत -- an elegy; dirge.
शोकग्रस्त -- sorrowful, grieved, afflictedby sorrow; bereaved.
शोकमय -- sorrowful, full of grief/sorrow.
शोकविकल -- overwhelmed by sorrow.
शोकविह्वल -- afflicted with sorrow.
शोकसंतप्त -- consumed by sorrow, grief-stricken.
शोक-संदेश -- a condolencemessage.
शोक-सभा -- a condolence meeting.
  • शोकाकुल shoka:kul -- (a) overwhelmed by sorrow.
  • शोकातुर shoka:tur -- (a) see शोकाकुल.
  • शोकाभिभूत shoka:bhibhu:t -- (a) see शोकाकुल.
  • शोकार्त्त shoka:rtt -- (a) grieved, overwhelmed/overpowered/afflicted by grief/sorrow.
  • शोकावेग shoka:veg -- (nm) intensity of grief; fit or paroxysm of sorrow.
  • शोख़ shoḳḥi -- (a) insolent; playful, sportive; coquettish; bright, loud(as शोख़-रंग).
  • शोख़ी shoḳḥi: -- (nf) insolence; playfulness, sportiveness; coquetry; brightness, loudness (as of रंग).
  • शोच shoch -- (nm) see सोच.
  • शोचनीय shochanī:y -- (a) critical; causing concern/anxiety; hence शोचनीयता (nf).
  • शोच्य shochchy -- (a) see शोचनीय.
  • शोणित shōṉit -- (nm) blood; (a) red, bloody.
शोणित शर्करा -- blood sugar.
  • शोथ shoth -- (nm) swelling, morbid intumescence.
  • शोध shodh -- (nf) research; purification; cleansing, refinement; rectification, correction; setting right; (re शोध-) payment; calculation regarding hour of marriage.
शोधकर्त्त -- aresearcher; rectifier.
शोध क्षमता -- solvency.
शोध पत्र/पत्रिका -- research g̣ournal.
शोध प्रबंध -- reseach thesis, dissertation.
शोध लेख -- research article.
  • शोधन shodhan -- (nm) purification; cleansing, refinement; rectification, correction, setting right; (re शोधन-) payment; treatment; hence शोधक( nm), शोधनीय, शोधित, शोध्य (a).
  • शोधना shodhnā: -- (v) to purify/cleanse/refine/ correct; to work out an auspicious moment (for marriageetc.) by astrological calculation.
  • शोधार्थी shodha:rthi: -- (nm) a researcher, research scholar.
  • शोबा shoba: -- (nm) part, branch.
  • शोभ/न shobhan -- (a) befitting, becoming; graceful; hence शोभनीय (a).
  • शोभा shobha: -- (nf) grace, elegance, beauty; glamour, splendour, brilliance, lustre.
शोभामय -- splendid, brilliant, lustrous, radiant; beautiful.
शोभायात्रा -- pageant.
शोभाशून्य/हीन -- devoid of glamour/grace/beauty; ugly.
  • शोभान्वित shobha:nnvit -- (a) full of lustre or beauty, glamorous, graceful.
  • शोभायमान shobha:ymā:n -- (a) looking graceful/pretty/splendid/brilliant, beautiful, lustruous.
  • शोभित shobit -- (a) splendid, radiant, beautiful, adorned or embellished.
  • शोर shor -- (nm) noise; tumult, din, hue and cry.
शोर गुल/शाराबा -- noise, tumult, din; hue and cry.
शोर मचाना -- to blow great guns, to be tooboisterous.
  • शोरबा shorba: -- (nm) soup, broth.
  • शोरा shora: -- (nm) soda, nitre (sodium nitrate).
शोरापुश्त -- insolent, unruly.
  • शोला shola: -- (nm) a flame of fire.
शोला भड़कना -- a flame to burst suddenly.
शोलों को हवा देना -- to fan the flame.
  • शोशा shosha: -- (nm) a projecting point (as in some Arabic letters); queer thing; feeler.
शोशा छोड़ना -- to letoff a squib, to give a feeler.
  • शोषक shoshak -- (nm) an exploiter, one who exploits; an absorber, that which absorbs; hence शोषकता( nf).
शोषक वर्ग -- exploiting class.
  • शोष/ण shoshāṉ -- (nm) exploitation; soaking; hence शोषणीय (a).
  • शोषित shoshit -- (a) exploited.
  • शोहदा shohda: -- (nm) a rogue, knave, scoundrel; libertine; a bad egg/hat.
शोहदापन -- roguery, scoundrelism, knavery.
  • शोहरत shohrat -- (nf) fame; renown, celebrity.
  • शौक़ shauq -- (nm) fondness; fancy; hobby.
शौक़ करना/फ़नमाना -- to enjoy; tobe fond of; to have a fancy for.
शौक़ चर्राना -- to be extremely fond (of); to manifest fondness for.
शौक़ से -- withgreat pleasure.
  • शौक़िया shauqiya: -- (a and adv) amateurish; as a hobby; fondly, fashionably; (nm) an amateur.
  • शौक़ीन shauqi:n -- (a) fashionable; fond of fine things; foppish, dandy.
शौक़ीनमिज़ाज -- fashionable; foppish, dandy; hence शौक़ीनमिज़ाजी (nf).
  • शौक़ीनी shauqi:nī: -- (nf) fashionableness, fondness; foppishness, dandyism.
  • शौत shauch -- (nm) evacuation of excrement, toilet, ablution; cleanliness; purification (esp. fromdefilement caused by the deathof a relation).
शौत कर्म -- act of purification; evacuation of excrement.
शौतगृह -- see शौचालय.
  • शौचालय shaucha:lay -- (nm) a latrine, lavatory.
  • शौरसेनी shaursenī: -- (a) a regional variation of the Pra:krit (शौरसेनी प्राकृत) and the Apabhransh (शौरसेनी-अपभ्रंश) languages.
  • शौर्य shaury -- (nm) chivalry, gallantry, valour, heroism.
  • शौहर shauhar -- (nm) husband.
शौहर-बीवी -- husband and wife.
  • श्मशान shmasha:n -- (nm) the cremation ground, crematorium, nacropolis.
श्मशान-वैराग्य -- momentary detachment from mundane affairs aroused in the cremation ground.
श्मशान-साधन -- magical or tantric ritesperformed by sitting over thechest of a corpse in the cremationground.
श्मशान ज़गाना -- to undertaketantric rites in the श्मशान tokeep the श्मशान fire burning.
  • श्मश्रु shmashshru -- (nm) beard and moustache.
  • श्यान shyā:n -- (a) viscous.
श्यानता -- viscosity.
  • श्याम shya:m -- (a) black, dark-coloured; dark blue; (nm) Lord Krishnā.
श्यामपट्ट -- a black-board.
श्यामसुंदर -- Lord Krishṉā; hence श्यामा (nf).
  • श्यामता shya:mta: -- (nf) blackness, dark colour/complexion.
  • श्याम/ल shya:mal -- (a) dark-complexioned, dark-coloured, black; hence श्यामलता, श्यामलिमा (nf).
  • श्यालक shya:lak -- (nm) a brother-in-law—wife's brother.
  • श्येन shyen -- (nm) a hawk, falcon.
  • श्रद्धांजलि shraddhā:ṇjali -- (nf) tribute, homage.
श्रद्धांजलि अर्पित करना -- to pay homage/tribute.
  • श्रद्धा shraddha: -- (nf) faith, veneration; reverence.
श्रद्धामय/युक्त -- see श्रद्धावान.
श्रद्धारहित/शून्य/हीन -- faithless, infidel.
श्रद्धाहीनता -- infidelity, faithlessness.
  • श्रद्धालु shraddha:lu -- (a) having faith/veneration, trustful.
श्रद्धालुता -- the state of having faith/belief, trustfulness.
  • श्रद्धावान shraddha:vā:n -- (a) having faith, trustful, believing.
  • श्रद्धास्पद shraddha:spad -- (a) venerable, worthy of or deserving faith/reverence.
  • श्रद्धेय shraddhey -- (a) venerable, reverend; worthy of faith.
  • श्रम shram -- (nm) labour, toil, exertion.
श्रम-अधिकरण -- labour tribunal.
श्रम-कण -- perspiration (caused by hardwork).
श्रमकर/कारी -- causing fatigue.
श्रम-कल्याण -- labour welfare.
श्रम-कल्याण अधिकारी -- labour welfare officer.
श्रमक्लांत -- fatigued, tired by toil.
श्रमजल -- see श्रमकण.
श्रमजीवी -- a worker, labourer, one who lives by one'ssweat.
श्रम-तंत्र -- labour machinery.
श्रमदान -- voluntary contribution oflabour for a public cause.
श्रम-मंत्रालय -- Ministry of Labour.
श्रम-मंत्री -- LabourMinister.
श्रमबिंदु -- see श्रमकण.
श्रमवाद -- labourism.
श्रम-विधि -- labour law.
श्रम-विभाग -- labour department.
श्रम-विवाद -- labour dispute.
श्रमशील -- laborious, assiduous, hard-working; hence श्रमशीलता (nf).
श्रम-संघ -- a labour union.
श्रमसाध्य -- arduous, strenuous; hence श्रमसाध्यता (nf).
  • श्रमण shramāṉ -- (nm) a Buddhist monk/mendicant.
  • श्रमिक shramik -- (nm and a) a labourer; labour.
श्रमिक-आंदोलन -- labourmovement.
श्रमिक-नेता -- labour leader.
श्रमिक-वर्ग -- labour class.
श्रमिक-विवाचन -- labourarbitration.
श्रमिक-संघ -- a labour union.
  • श्रमी shramī: -- (a and nm) assiduous, hard-working, laborious (person).
  • श्रवण shravāṉ -- (nm) an ear, organ of hearing; audition.
श्रवण-गुण -- acoustics(of a room etc.).
श्रवणगोचर -- audible, perceptible through the ear.
श्रवण-पथ -- the cars.
श्रवण-विषय -- object of hearing.
श्रवण-योग्य -- audible.
  • श्रवणीय shravaṉī:y -- (a) audible, perceptible through the car; worthhearing; auditory; hence श्रवणीयता( nf).
  • श्रवणेंद्रिय shravaṉelndriy -- (nf) ear श्रवणेंद्रिय the organ of hearing.
  • श्रव्य shravvy -- (a) audible; worth hearing.
श्रव्य काव्य -- one of the twomain divisions of literature inSanskrit Poetics—literature thatcan be read and heard (the otherbeing दृश्य काव्य —literature that isto be presented on the stage).
श्रव्यता -- audibility; range of audibility.
  • श्रांत shra:nt -- (a) tired, weaned, fatigued, exhausted.
श्रांतचित्त/मना -- wearied or exhausted.
  • श्रांति shrā:nti -- (nf) tiredness, weariness, fatigue, exhaustion.
श्रांतिकर -- tiring, arduous, wearying.
  • श्राव/ण shra:vaṉ -- (nm) the fifth month of the year according to theHindu calendar (one of the rainymonths).
श्रावणी -- a festival celebrated on the full moon-day of श्रावण( see सावन).
  • श्री shri: -- (a) an honorific adjective prefixed to male names; Mr.; (nf) Lakshmi—the goddess of wealth.
  • श्रुत shrut -- (a) heard, received through the ear.
  • श्रुति shruti -- (nf) the Vedas; ear.
श्रुतिकटु -- disagreeable to the ear; harsh(sound, words, etc.).
श्रुति मधुर -- agreeable, sweet, melodious.
श्रुतिसम्मत -- ordained by the Vedas.
  • श्रेणी shreṉī: -- (nf) class; category, rank, order; range; series.
श्रेणीकरण -- categorization; hence श्रेणीकृत (a).
श्रेणीबद्ध -- categorized; hence श्रेणीबद्धता( nf).
  • श्रेय shrey -- (nm) credit; the good; summum bonum, bliss; thehighest coveted other-worldlyachievement.
श्रेय और प्रेय -- achievements for the other world and inthis world; hence श्रेयवाद (nm).
श्रेयवादी -- (a, nm).
  • श्रेयस् shreyas -- (nm) see श्रेय.
श्रेयस्कर -- good, salutary, conducive tohappiness.
  • श्रेष्ठ shreshṭḥ -- (a) the best; good; excellent, superior; hence श्रेष्ठतप( a), श्रेष्ठतम (a), श्रेष्ठत्व (nm), श्रेष्ठता (nf).
  • श्रेष्ठि shreshṭḥi -- (nm) a distinguished wealthy man.
  • श्रोणि shrōṉi -- (nf) the waist; hip, buttocks.
श्रोणिदेश -- the region ofhips.
  • श्रोतव्य shrotavvy -- (a) worth hearing; audible.
  • श्रोता shrota: -- (nm) a listener; audience.
श्रोतागण -- audience.
श्रोता वर्ग -- audience.
  • श्लथ shlath -- (a) languid, slothful; flaccid; feeble; diffused; hence श्लथता (nf).
  • श्लाघनीय shla:ghni:y -- (a) praise-worthy, laudable, admirable, commendable; hence श्लाघनीयता (nf).
  • श्लाघा shla:gha: -- (nf) praise, admiration, commendation.
  • श्लिष्ट shlishṭ -- (a) punned; equivocal, susceptible of double interpretation; clasped, joined together; hence श्लिष्टता (nf).
  • श्लीपद shli:pad -- (nm) elephantiasis.
  • श्लील shli:l -- (a) clean, not vulgar.
  • श्लेष shlesh -- (nm) pun, paranomasia; agnomination.
  • श्लेष्म shleshm -- an allomorph of श्लेष्मा as it appears in compoundwords.
श्लेष्मक -- phlegm, phlegmatichumour.
श्लेष्मल -- phlegmatic.
  • श्लेष्मा shleshmā: -- (nm) phlegm, mucus.
  • श्लोक shlok -- (nm) a (Sanskrit) couplet; hymn of praise; praise, glory.
श्लोकबद्ध -- composed into a श्लोक, versified.
  • श्वसन shvasan -- (nm) (the act or process of) respiration, breathing.
श्वसन-रंध्र -- nostril (s).
  • श्वान shwa:n -- (nm) a dog.
श्वान-निद्रा -- lit-dog's sleep—light slumber, sleeping with one eye open.
  • श्वास shwa:s -- (nm) breath, respiration.
श्वास-कष्ट -- hard breathing.
श्वास-क्रिया -- the act of breathing.
श्वास-नली -- bronchital tube.
श्वास-प्रश्वास -- breathing in.
  • श्वासोच्छ्वास shwa:sochchhwa:s -- (nf) deep inspiration and expiration, respiration.
  • श्वेत shwet -- (a) white; bright; blemishless; spotless; fair-complexioned.
श्वेतकुष्ठ -- lenconderma.
श्वेत केश -- grey hair.
श्वेत पत्र -- a white paper.
श्वेतप्रदर -- leucorrhoea.
  • श्वेतांबर shweta:mbar -- (nm) one who dons white; one of the two chiefsects of Jainism (the other being दिगंबर).
  • ष sha -- the second of the sibilant-trio (श, ष, स) of the Devna:gri: alphabet. In Modern Hindisound pattern, however, this haslost its identity and is invariablypronounced as palatal sibilant( श) rather than as cerebral (asit originally was).
  • षंड shanḍ -- (nm) a bull; bullock.
  • षका/र shaka:r -- (nm) the letter ष and its sound.
षकारांत -- (a word) endingin ष्.
  • षट् shaṭ -- (a) six; (nm) the number six.
षट्कर्ण -- heard by six ears, heard by a third person (besidesthe speaker and listener); havingsix ears; very alert, attentive.
षट्कोण -- a hexagon; six angled.
षट्खंड -- having six parts/divisions.
षट्चक्र -- the six mysterious chakras(viz. मूलाधार, अधिष्ठान, मणिपुर, अनाहत, विशुद्ध and आज्ञा of thebody according to हठयोग).
षट्पद/पाद -- six-footed; big male black-bee.
षट्शास्त्र -- the six schools of Indianphilosophy (viz. न्याय, , सांख्य, योग, वैशेषिक, पूर्वमीमांसा and उत्तुमीमांसा).
षट्शास्त्री -- well-versed in all the six shastras.
  • षड् shaḍ -- an allomorph of षट् (six) appearing as the first member in some compound words.
षड्अंग (षडंग) -- the six principal parts of the body (viz. the head, the waist, two hands and two feet).
षड्आनन/मुख -- six-faced, having six faces षड् (कार्तिकेय —the god of war).
षड्ऋतु -- the six seasons of the year (viz.ग्रीष्म, वर्षा, शरत, हेमन्त, शिशिर, वसंत).
षड्ज -- the first of the primarynotes of Indian music.
षड् दर्शन -- see षट्शास्त्र (under षट्).
षड्धा -- in sixways.
षड्भुज -- a hexagon.
षड्रस -- the six main tastes or flavours offood (viz. मीठा, नमकीन, कड़वा, तीता, कसैला, खट्टा).
षड्राग -- the six mainstrains in Indian music (viz. भैरवी नल्हार, श्री, हिंडोल, मालकोस and दीपक); see झंझट.
षड्रिपु -- the sixinternal enemies of man according to Indian tradition (viz. काम, क्रोध, मद, लोभ, मोह, मत्सर).
षड्विध -- of six kinds/varieties, in six ways.
  • षड्यंत्र shaḍyāntr -- (nm) a conspiracy, plot, an intrigue.
षड्यंत्रकारी -- a conspirator, an intriguer.
षड्यंत्ररचना -- tohatch a conspiracy/plot, toconspire.
  • षण् shaṇ -- an allomorph of षट् (six) appearing as the first member in.
  • षष्टि shashṭi -- (a) sixty; (nm) the number sixty.
षष्टिपूर्ति -- (observationor celebration of) the sixtieth birth-day.
षष्टिवर्षी -- of sixty years.
  • षष्ठ shashṭḥ -- (a) sixth.
  • षष्ठांश shashṭḥa:nsh -- (nm) the sixth part.
  • षष्ठी shashṭḥī: -- (nf) the sixth day of a fortnight; the sixth day fromthe day of child-birth; possessivecase.
षष्ठी पूजन/पूजा -- the worship of goddess दुर्गा on the sixth day after child-birth.
षष्ठी विभक्ति -- the genitive case-ending.
  • षाण्मासिक sha:ṅm:āsik -- (a) six monthly, half-yearly.
  • षोडश shoḍash -- (a) sixteen; (nm) the number sixteen.
षोडश श्रृंगार -- see सोलह सिंगार.
  • षोडशी shoḍashi: -- (nf) a girl of sixteen years of age, a girl in the prime of youth.